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LOS ANGELES HERALD ': ISSUED EVERT MORNING BY fsi TUB HERALD COMPANY •' f ' T. B. GIBBON .. 777 T. ......'... President M. O. LOBDELL...VIce President-Gen. Mar. J. KARL LOBDELL ....... Sec-Tros. ■"« Entered 'as « second-class matter at th« I postofflce: In Log Angeles. . ■" OLDKST MORNING PAPER IN LOS .. : . . ' ANGELES fonndea Oct. 2. 1873. Thlrty-flfth year. Chamber of Commerce Building :fc TELEPHONES— Sunset. Press 11; Home, The Herald. ;.. .-•-'-- •..-.:■ ■:.--.- ■'■ - ■ :•. ■ The only Democrats newspaper In Bouth ern California receiving full Associated Press reports.; ■ . NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso ,a"d Press! receiving Its full report. aver • aging 26,000 words a day. ■ ■^a^er"n~agent-j. p. McKlnney. 604 Cambridg" building. New York; 311 Boyce building, Chicago.^ - RATE 3 °' SUBSCRIPTION :WITH SUN DAT MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a month. ....J ■*» • Dally, by mail or carrier, three months, 1.-0 Dally by mall or carrier, six months.. J. 35 Dally, by moll or carrier, one year 4.D0 Sunday Herald, one year *•»■» Weekly Herald, one year '-,£?. Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. •■: THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Franclcvo and OaK land will find The Herald on sale" at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets in Oakland by I Wheatley and by Amos News Co. Population of Los Angeles 300,000 fiIVESTIGIA NULLAjf] W RETRORSUM f> CLEAR, CRISP 'AND CLEAN A MEAN REVENGE IN spite of the well known fact that all over the United States there are plenty of unemployed telegraphers who could be hired without difficulty, the railroads stick by their statement one of the most ridiculed but appar ently one of the most robust campaign falsehoods ever invented—that there are so few telegraph operators that they cannot hire them for the purpose of putting the provisions of the nine hour law into dutiful effect. In their projected attack upon President Roose velt and union labor, the roads have advanced another step. Now they say that railway stations in communities of moderate size will have to be aban doned. The stations that will be af fected by the railroad on Roose velt and the unions will be those at which there is a population of some consequence, those at which manufac turing plants are established. The sta tions which the railroads coolly pro pose to desert in order that the popula tion may be stirred up against the president are those where it is neces sary to have night and day operators. These men work in shifts of twelve hours, from 7 a. m. until 7 p. m., and from 7 p. m. until 7 a. m. The night operators at those points handle orders governing movements of trains, and during their twelve long hours of duty fill in the time with clerical work such as expense and way billings. When there are wrecks or washouts or other extraordinary disturbances of the daily routine these men perform exhaustive and exhausting physical as well as mental toil. Even under normal condi tions their duties, in addition to tap ping the telegraph key and writing messages received, are bewilderingly multifarious. * A man who cleans lamps, sells tick ets, keeps account of them, checks baggage, answers a thousand ques tions, lifts heavy trunks into car doors, keeps posted o>- rates, looks out for excess baggage and makes the neces sary charges, and occupies himself with scores of other duties which have nothing in common with telegraphy, must, at an hour when physically and mentally exhausted, receive and de liver to trainmen orders wherein the slightest mistake would mean loss of precious hunum lives. It was for the protection of the traveling public, by the removal o£ the extra risk produced by a brain-fagged and physically ex hausted telegrapher, that the nine-hour law was passed. To dodge the law and inconvenience the public at the ex pense of President Roosevelt and the unions is a mean and petty revenge. GRATUITOUS ATTACK Attacks .hi the Bethlehem inHti tuta itmi Rev, Dana Bartlett are foolish waste of energy. The as sailant of such an institution or of such a man merely invites popular re buke. No one could with sincerity abuia Bartlett and his work. The Rev. Dana Bartlett long ago won his place In the hearts of thfc good people of Los Angeles, and ho needs have no feal that any attack, no matter what may' be Its source or its Inspiration, can shake the faith of the people In him and his noble mission. Dana Bartlett -it doing and has done magnificent worW for the needy and suffering. The desti tute may appeal to him with the cer tainty of being helped, and the appli cant will never be turned away on account of race, religious belief, poli tics or creed. Any attempt to rob this Kreat and sincere philanthropist of his only earthly reward, the respect, esteem and admiration in which his honored name Is held by his tellow citizens, "111 react upon those responsible tor such mi ill advised attempt. ■» ANARCHY—MURDERER ANARCHY is responsible for an other tragedy in Chicago, if first reports are true. One of the dic tionary definitions of anarchy is "polit ical confusion." It is the opposite pole from Socialism. Anarchy waved red flags, insists that all government is wrong, offers no substitute for law and i would inovltably restore the "old rule I and simple plan that he should take who had the power and he should keep who can." There is nothing philo sophical in anarchy. It is an outrage on philosophy. There is nothing sane in anarchy. It Is madness. Founded on error, grounded on ignorance fos tered by prejudice, unreasonable and unreasoning, unless repressed and crushed out it will repress and crush out Americanism and the American re public. Opposed to all the teachings of Christianity, opposed to all the promptings of conscience, opposed to all the suggestions of reason, opposed to all that is lovely and true and of good report, anarchy would destroy civilized society, not reform it. Social ists hato !t, reformers detest it. Rad ical as well as conservative Americans despise it. There is no place in the American republic for anarchy or its flag. Anarchy would not cure the ills of the hndy politic. It. would kill the body politic and point with idiotic, ig norant pride to the fact that inciden tally it had also ended the ills! The fla£ of anarchy has no place in the esteem of the American people. It ha* nothing to do with Americanism, which repudiates it. Social or govern mental reformers, and especially So cialists, who have suffered aircady from the confusion of mind of citizens who mistake them for "Reds" or "rev olutionary anarchists," should beware of giving aid, countenance or support to any demonstration in which the honored place of the ensign of the free Is usurped by a red flag. The interests of all Americans who favor preservation of the right of free speech will be best protected uy a most scrupulous carefulness on the part of those who are officially interested in parades or mass meetings, to refrain from using emblems that are asso ciated with bloodshed and disturbance, mischief and murder. Americanism protects freedom of speech, but Ameri canism knows no flag save one—the star spangled banner, and long may it wave. STILL UNANSWERED OHIO has adopted an alliterative political slogan, "Taft and tariff reform." The state convention, which has not yet been held but has thoughtfully given out in advance its spontaneous program, will uphold the policies of Roosevelt, pledge support to Taft and declare for a "revision of the tariff along protective lines at a special meeting of the next congress." The revision announcement is somewhat obscure. It may mean that Ohio Repub licans favor readjustment and reform of tariff schedules; a reform so radical that practical free trade will be the result, on It may mean that tariff rates are to be strengthened and the country committed to the steepest kind of high protection. When we think of Brother Taft in connection with fiscal or tariff or economic or fir ancial measures of reform we cannot help recalling his not-sage reply to the worklngman who asked him what a fellow must do who can't get a job, has np money and is compelled by law to support his family. Perhaps Mr. Taft by this time may have excogitated an answer to the in quiry, and if so his American fellow citizens would be glad to know what it is. By tho way, what IS a man, with a family that he is by law compelled to maintain and support and provide for. to do when his savings are exhausted, his valuables are in pawn, his furniture is mortgaged, his house rent overdue and his chance of earning money ap parently about as good as his chance of traveling to our lunar satellite on a moonbeam? A FRIENDLY GROWL LOS ANGELES HERALD believes in being optimistic, and prints a cheer-up story whenever it can, realizing that that kind of reading is always useful as well as merely amus ing, and that it was never as much needed in the United States as it is today. Hundreds of our contemporaries have recently reprinted extracts from our editorial columns, always with credit, and In acknowledgment of their courtesy we make a bow and invite them to help themselves. But it is painful to come across jokes, short stories and paragraphs which are taken from us without as much as a "thank you." We are glad that our friends value wit and humor, and beg to as sure them that they are welcome to use ours. By reprinting it they un doubtedly add to the genera! joy and help along a good cause. But we would appreciate the courtesy if they would tell their readers that the republished article or story appeared first In Los Angeles Herald. We have found a number of waifs and strays from Tha Herald that had been taken in and entreated hospitably—in scriptural phrase—but we recognized them ■nere ly by their good looks, for they did not wear identification togs. Among friends who entertained our Herald "angels unawares and unacknowl edged" the Chino "Champ," and an other brisk little breezy paper at Long Beach and several otners here and there could be mentioned. But we be lieve that the lack of credit has been due to an oversight on the part of our hoate, and "we'll let it go at that." "There never was more urgent need for right thinking and right acting in corporate and political affairs than now," says Oscar Straus. Special emphasis should be placed on the word "acting." Faith without works is dead. So is right thinking without rlgh' i inc LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 3, 1908. -Jis^ f NOW VOul >w..m,W "<-" '"'B -^ SEEWHERt ' CUOSCD ON ACCOUNT OP ROOSEVELT AND BLACK EX-GOVERNOR FRANK BLACK of New York, who placed Theo dore Roosevelt In nomination for the presidency four years ago, has ut tered a remarkable series of epigrams, which show that he has had glimpses of the truth, but that he is not one of the altogether-illuminated, for he persists in trying to blame the accidents that have marred American prosperity on one man, instead of on conditions which have been attacked by that man in an outspoken manner that is hap pily not exceptional but characteristic. Let us hear what Mr. Black has to say, without for a minute agreeing with him in his reference of the cause of the effects he describes to one man. It is a pity that Mr. Black is still so much of a politician that he has not altogether succeeded in being a social philosopher. But if he will eliminate his personal animus, his conclusions may help Americana to estimate con ditions in this critical period of the history of the republic. Speaking before the Home Market club of Boston, he said: "Unamerican doctrines took away the courage of the Republican party and started her upon a career of wander ing and hesitation. The decisions of our highest courts are criticised by men who never studied law and by lawyers who never tried a case. Pol icies consist now of a series of antics. Confidence, the basis on which all friendly intercouse depends, has .been finally destroyed. The laborer, deprived of work, is now demanding government aid as the next and legitimate step in this frenzied dispensation. Prosperity, but yesterday at the flpod, has leaked away. The most tyrannical trust in existence today is the political trust. High places do not always make great men. Foundations securely laid should not be uprooted in excitement. Plans conceived in the study should not be overruled in the stable. The bust is none too good for us, and the best never was and never will be devised by those who do not think." "Which nobody can deny." But Mr. Black assumes an absurdly illogical condition when he blames the chief ex ecutive for results which followed con ditions combated by him when he was police commissioner of New York, when he was defeated for the mayoralty and even Henry George polled more VOtei than he, when he was civil service commissioner, when be was elected governor, and when he became presi dent of the United States;. During all nf his life Mr. Roosevelt has been a radical Republican. He and his pol icies have nothing in common with the Republicanism of Blame and Harrison. But lie and his policies have a goo 1 deal in eomnjon with Abraham Lincoln and his policies, a fact which has not escaped observation and appreciation, expressed in the formation of Lincoln- Roosevelt club*. Mr. Black's perfervid enthusiasm is ill directed when it is aggressively di rected against tho president. Mr. Roosevelt cannot be blamed for what has happened. The man who would blamo him would have blamed Noun for the flood and would certainly ex hibit and illustrate an antediluvian mode of thinking and reasoning. Much that President Roosevelt has said re cently has been nothing but old time, true blue Democracy. He has reas serted certain Democratic and Ameri can first principles. Mr. Black should have no quarrel with the president be cause he is honestly outspoken. The fact is, Mr. Black, aa far as his at titude to his party la concerned, ia a Republican in name only. Mr. Roose velt, according to Republicans who have found fault with his utterances, is a Republican in name only. If Mr. Black will get rid of hie cantankerous cielUßion that Col. Roosevelt caused the conditions which irritate htm, and if Mr. Roosevelt will assume a correct at titude of estimation of his present con dition and relationship politically, both Roosevelt the criticised ami Black the crltlciser will become by declared al leglanoe, as well as iii fact, memben of the Democratic party. "THE LAW ABID ING CITIZEN." NEW SOUTH ABOLITION THE abolition of the bar room has saved civilization in the south. This Is the testimony of Booker T. Washington, who says that the prog ress of the cause of temperance has been accompanied by progress of the cause of humanitartanism. Many of the atrocities which shocked the country, many of the Inhumane, nay. inhuman burnings at the stake, strangulations, cuttings, gradual shootings to death and other cruelties that not only out raged American proprieties, but out savaged savergery, have been ABOL ISHED with the abolition of the liquor traffic. Mr. Washington said that two-thirds of the lynehings and burnings were the result of bad whisky getting into the stomachs of black men and white men and bringing into action all that was evil in their natures. In Stevenson's greatest story, the tale that will never bo rivaled because in it was struck the ultimate chord, and in it was revealed the last analysis of human nature, a powerful drug is the agency which transforms a good man into a bestial man, which dis figures a reputable citizen physically, mentally and morally. The story Is an allegory, and the name of the drug is RUM. In the light of th'.s suggestion read it again and you will become an aggressive advocate of every measure of reform that will tend to give good Dr. Jekyll a permanent place in the community and chase out evil Mr. Hyde forever and a day. IT CAN BE DONE. In the bright lexicon of Americanism there is no such word as "CAN'T"; moreover, there is no such word as "CANT." Americanism does not give any en couragement to reformers of the whin ing canting kind, the men of words and not of deeds, who, according to the old rhyme, are just like gardens full of weeds. Let all who believe in the achievement of the best possible for the best possible country on earth be "up and doing with a heart for any fate." But—there's the rub. Have you a "heart for any fate"? The citizen with that kind of heart Is the good American, who, with faith in his coun try and his fellow men, knows how to labor and also knows how to WAIT patiently for the results that will cer tainly follow his good work. Four American educators have been sent at the expense of Uncle Sam to address (tight hundred teachers in the Philippine islands. They will surely have plenty of time and opportunity in which to think up their extemporane ous remarks. Whop the "imminent and inevitable i European war" breaks ioo.se, no one In California will be able to say that he was not prepared for news of it. Professor W. Lutoslawski's lectures on tin; subject have aroused great interest. Vile liquor sold by bootleggers caused two miserable Morongo In dians to commit murder. They will be punished. The liquor, tho liquor maker and the liquor seller, who are the real murderers, will escape scot ! free. Consul General Bellows lecture*. Yet he delivers them in an ordinary tone of voice. They are excellent, too. His remarks on "Our Relation with Japan" are timely and interesting. Contemporary (esteemed, of course) asserts that heraldry has fallen Into disuse. Not Los Angeles Heraldry. That is more and more in popular use every day. Nulla vestigia retrorsum. Enos A. Mills, government forestry official, says that. American forests will be extinct in fifteen or twenty years. Not if we plain new forests and do it now. Seven terrorists hanged in liussia. Three of them tvers women. That, of course, will put an end to terrorism. (Laughter.) \'k FROM A Jr jff Wdve wcr,e / SPARKS FROM A LIVE WIRE When the Fleet Approaches Mizzen Hatch—l think we are near ing San Pedro. Weather Gaskets—Where away? I see no land. Mizzen Hatch—Starboard bow. I see two long pennants flowing from a tall flagstaff. W. Gasketß (takrs glasses and after glance)—Oh, wake up! That's Frank Wiggins and his Donegals on the roof of the chamber of commerce. Ole Mammy's Alarm It was in a small town In the sunny south. A lyceum entertainment was billed for the evening, and as a magician and slight of hand performer was advertised as one of the principal features an old negress presented her self at the local opera house early and insisted on a seat in the front row of the part reserved for persons of her race, says the Lyeeumite. When the magician appeared he placed a piece of red flannel over a newspaper and read tho news through the cloth. The old mammy began to squirm about. Then the magician doubled the flan nel and read the paper through two thicknesses. The old mammy turned to her neigh bor and said: "Lor", chile, I got to get out o' dis." Her neighbor tried to reassure her, telling her the magician would not hurt her. "I knows dat," she said, "but dis ha'int no place fo" a 'spectable cullud lady with only a calico dress on." Daily Naval Report WASHINGTON, March 2.—Naval or dora issued today were as follows: Commander S. S. Wood, from aid to the admiral of the navy, Washington, D. C, etc., to the works of William Cramp & Sons' Ship and Engine Build ing company, Philadelphia, Pa., in con nection with the fitting out of the Idaho as executive officer on board that ves sel when commissioned. Lieutenant H. V. Butler, aid to the admiral of the navy and additional duty In connection with the general board, Washington, D. C Surgeon V. C. B. Means, retired, planed on the retired list of officers of the navy in accordance with the pro visions of section 1453 of the Revised Statuteß. Assistant Surgeon E. W. Brown, to the United States Naval Medical school, Washington, P. C. Warrant Machinist H. Lobltz, from (ho Pennsylvania to home and wait orders. Warrant Machinist W. A. Morgan, to the Pennsylvania. Warrant Machinist J. Fltton, froivi the works of the Fore River Shipbuild ing company, Qulnoy, Mass., etc., to the Kalem when commissioned. Warrant Machinist R. J. Vickery, from the navy yard at Boston, Mass., to the Birmingham when commis sioned. Movements of Navy Vessels The Supply is at Guam. The Dcs Moines has steamed from Hampton Roads for Guantanamo. The Soorpion, the Porter, the Tlnney, tho De Long, the Blake! y and the Thornton hay steamed from Charleß ton for Key West. The Montgomery has left Key West for Pensacola. The Caesar Is. at Hampton Roads. The Arethusa, the Hopkins, the Hull, the Stewart, the Whipple, the Lawrence and the Truxton have left Talcahuano for Callao. Navy Notes Chief Boatswain C. J. Murphy, U. S. N., retired, died at Annapolis, Md., February 24. 1608. Captain Badger, superintendent of the Naval Academy, was at the navy department and talked with officials about the summer cruise of the cadets. There are to be five vessels available lor the cruise, which will begin about May l.~> and probably will be made in | ('hesapeake bay. OF WORLD WIDE INTEREST CLOSE OF THE SOCIAL SEASON FREDERIC J. HASKIN. THIS Is Shrove Tuenday. When the midnight hour tolled it sounded tho curfew of society for forty days. With the dawning of Ash Wednesday his satnnic majesty will take up his Itojf vigil outside the gates of the pavilion of social rest and plan new mischief for frivolity's gay votar ies. Shrove Tuesday marks tho end of ♦he social season in tho leading cities of the world, and from the calm Bink- Irtr into rest that cHaracteriSM the en trance into Lent of the northern cities, to the spectacular court paid Kin» .Mourns in Now Orlouns, the passing of the Social season is marked in divers ways. • • • To tho nation In general this third of March will mark the close of the of flcial social season in Washington. The four semi-pUbllc receptions given by the presld nt and tho first lady of the '.ami are over, the offlcital dinners have I ( in oaten, the niusleales have closed n series of bright panoramas in the big < nsi room, and the family of the chief executive will settle down to a period c.f well earned rest, for n time nt least. "It li perfectly wonderful what the people will undergo and suffer In order to shake hands with the president at the White House receptions," wroto 10111 Pendel, for many years a member <if the White Ho4jse staff. And "Tom i i n." as little Tad Lincoln affectionate ly called him, was not far from the truth. The ordeal, however, Is harder CH the president who must stand in one place for two hours and shake the hands of rarely less thnn two thousand people. It takes a hardy, outdoor man, ruch ;m the present incumbent of the Whlto House, with muscles toughened by tennis playing and by lifting hard mouthed horses over hurdles, to stand •uch a test. General Orant, soldier as he was. is said to have suffered preat pain in his arm for days after a large reception, while General Wash ington escaped all such tributes to pop ularity by never shaking hands at his principal levees. • a • There have been many other changes since President Washington and Mrs. Washington set up the American court in the mansion of Robert Morris in Philadelphia, which was added to and redecorated for tho purpose and rented to the government for a year. Here the first president received every other Tiusdny from 3 to 4 in the nfternow, his guests forming In a cir cle In tho dining room, and he passing; around to bow to each in turn. He wore his sword and carried a cocked hut under his arm at these receptions, v. lion he appeared as the head of the nation, but when Mrs. Washington re ceived, he appeared at her levees as a rrivate citizen with the hat and sword conspicuously absent. But already the desire to have a volca in all matters had become evident in the people, for in Washington's sec ond term there were many who. openly criticised his bow. It was too formal. .°nd his manner was voo reserved! He could be something of a dictator, it Is true, for when Citizen Genet refused to enter the executive mansion because a yorttrait of Louis XVI hung in the hall, offending his republican spirit, "Washington promptly had him recalled, before this, when New York wae the capital of the United States and the executive mansion was on the corner of Cherry street and Franklin square, there were many dinners, private the atricals and a few balls, besides the levees, although Mrs. Washington did tot care for balls. She preferred her afternoons, where coffee and cake and the first ice cream were served, and quiet dinners with Robert Morris, Ben jamin Chew, Edward Shippen and Dr. Rush to enliven her guests. When "Washington was a city with out houses and Georgetown a city with out streets," as a witty French traveler described It, John Adams and his clever wife braved the bottomless mud of the roads from the east and came to the unfinished White House. To see the great east room, with Its dignified sim plicity and its coterie of distinguished guests that graces each of the four great semi-official receptions each sea son, one smiles to recall a passage from Mrs. Adams' letters: "The great un finished audience room I made a dry ing room of to hang clothes in." For theer were only six chambers finished, not fires enough, and only a little oval room on the second floor for the public levees, the first being on New Year's day, 1801. • • • Jefferson, to accentuate the great democracy of his spirit, did away with the levees that he fancied savored too much of court life, and held each year two public receptions, one on January I, and one on July 4. Mrs. Madison, fond of driving over to Cherry alley. Georgetown, or out to Blandensburg for tea, had her social seasons rath«r broken into by British intervention. Yet when the White House had been rendered uninhabitable by the fire, whe moved her democratic court to the famous Octagon house, and so great was her hospitality the day that this Treaty of Ghent was signed in one of the upper rooms, that her servants, even, were incapacitated for work by SSWWB^BBB^S^B^B^SMBSI ■KumKq ■S"V\v* Psp/^'/fJB \ The Emerson-Angclus Piano Incomparable in musical results. In completeness and simplicity of control.' In case of operation, and. above all. In graceful fluency and perfection of technique. . is every plano-playlng device bearing the name "Angelus." , The Emerson-.\tigelus —medium priced—la far and away superior to any player-piano In existence except the Kns.be-Angelut Piano, and the difference there Is In plan., only. ■■ . ' . , .:*—« • The "Melodanf—without which \no player-piano can be perfect -Is exclusive In the Angelus. The "Melodant" accentuates every melody note In the composition being played, making perfect the musical result without skill In manipulation. i No other player-piano can • otter so much. ( Easy payment* if desired. ... ■ I , . ■ ' QjTJ M B mm Mm M^^ aatfuggbg 416-18 South Broadway OTHER STOKES— Francisco, Oakland, San Diego, San Jose, Sacramento, Eureka, El Paso, Texas. . • V visit OUR * ■.;••_ '■■••.•..■ ;.'■■';, Sheet Music and Small Goods Departments $.1.00 Guitar today f 1.90 ■':'.' $40.00 Htuart Banjo today $25.00 -. , ' too frequent potations En the wlne,tHat flowed freely In.tho cause of peace.' • • • There were some warm times 'In the White House in i Jackson's • time. Be cause he championed; the gay Peggy O'Neal, then Mrs. Eaton, wlfo of Jack-: son's secretary of ,: war, he brought down the "wrath of the cabinet ladies,! and not being able to manage these as ho managed all other people, « Jack son ' suffered distress of spirit until his cabinet was wellnigh disrupted ami he ■ had sent his niece, Mrs. Oonelson, the then mistress of White House, back .to Tennessee ,in tears. Mrs. Fill more, once 'a - clever schoolmistress, eager for additional intellectual pabu lum, was the one who first had books selected for a -White House library. She held Friday evening levees, despite a weak ankle, and divided' her horned loving heart with the public who clam ored for receptions. , • • ♦ I Poor Mrs. Lincoln, who came at a trying season, won. tho disapproval of society by spending much of her time shopping in New York when the other women of tho north were scraping lint and rolling bandages I for the soldiers at the front, and while she, cut out the' state dinners for economical' reasons, ■ she gave a great $20,000 reception that brought down even greater censure on her head. It was too difficult a place and too parlous a time for even the most finished hostess to ; find success perched on her banner, and the lines were hard for the little country woman from the west. Mrs. Hayes, fond of young girls, entertained bevies of them at dinners and had them constantly as house guests. Mrs. Cleveland begun her remarkably successful regime with a ball, one of the last large ones in the White House, and Mrs. McKlnley, -frail and delicate, was able to give lit tle time to social events, but In the tlmo she sat -In her room patiently '■'"■ combating pain, she knit hundreds of pairs of slippers for the poor. « • • With the growth of . population and the Increased Interest of , the country In Its social life, many changes had to be made In tho official life of the capital. Only one day In the year may the world and his wife go unbidden to a White House reception, and that is New Year's day. On four other days there are evening receptions, by Invi tation., for the diplomatic corps, the Judiciary, the army and navy, and the members of congress. Even were the crowds smaller these branches could not be mixed now as in the long ago, for class distinction has grown up in this, presumably, most democratic court of the world. These form four separate and distinct social circles, * and the "Cave Dwellers,", or old Georgetown and Washington residents form another, while the band of new and very rich that has captured the capital In the past decade or so, per meates the several strata in proportion to the distances that they as "climb ers" have gone. i• ■ • , • The law of v precedence, as rigorous as In the older European courts, onoo - caused some high Judicial lights to start home in high. dudgeon from a judiciary reception because a blunder- I ing officer sent some diplomats In ahead of them. Not long ago an officer of the navy asked to be excused from attending a banquet to which he had been asked on the grounds that then; he would have to meet some congress men on terms of equality, a thing that did not comport with his Ideas of his own dignity. And congress could. put hlnx down and out with a' measure or two! Once a daughter of a judge calmly changed the cards at a lunch eon given a lady of the diplomatic corps,. so that she and not the honoreo sat at the hostess' right! ,»' m ?, »'. ■ - ; • , ■ • ' • "-1 " .- . - Washington is said to be the most cosmopolitan, yet the most provincial of all eastern cities. Tho White House dances of 1825 are gone, the first in augural ball, held by the Washington dancing assembly at Long's hotel on Capitol hill on March 4, 1809. and the Garfleld Inaugural ball at the National museum, have been followed by mom pretentious ones at the pension build ing. Hamilton's suggestion that the president return no visits and that he attend no dinners save those of an official nature, has been generally fol lowed . until today. Tudor hall, the Highlands and the quaint . homes of Cherry alley no longer attract the gay' social crowds. Washington Is becom ing the home of the wealthy. ■ Massa chusetts avenue between• Dupont . cir cle and Sheridan circle is ;a ' second' edition of upper Fifth avenue. The ; Belmonts, Letters, Walshes, Ryans and Boardmans have . made homes,. here, and the Vanderbllts make It a more than temporary abiding place.. But Lenten resorts are claiming these ■ as well as the official society set, • the Pavilion of Rest, stands open and ' the I 108 th Shrove Tuesday has ended the winter's social season In .Washington. ♦-*-# '•:'/:;'.' 'v Hard Service The Father—What I* the hardest study they have at college, my son? The Son—Oh, the football rules! Why, they're twice as long as (hey used to be: ■vcnkers Statesman. Some Throat Trouble Styles—Ever have painter's colic? KjrlM—l guts* It was colic. A painter mM« me cough up $1000 for a couple of picture*, once. — Yonkers Statesman.