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LOS ANGELES Herald ■■*■ ■••«■ ISSUED EVERY MORNING BY THE lIEBAI.D COMPANY C B. Gren0N...........'.. . President 1 SI O. LOBDEM... .Vice Fr_!dent-Oen. Mirr. I. HAM. ,L08DE1J....,........8««--T re—- " Entered -as second-class matter at tue iio«togie« In Los Ang»lgt_ -,'• O_OJ_T MORNING PAPER IN LOB r.nnd«d! Oct. I, ™«Jr-««* '"r --rounded Oct. t, 1»78. Thlrty-Ofth ye»r. > .- ( : Chamber of Commerce Building. ":V. TELEPHONES—Sunset. PreM 11 1 Home. Th« Herald. ' _____ The only Democratlo new.paper in South ern California receiving full Associated Preee report NEWS SERVICE— of the Asso- I,d Press, receiving It. full report, aver ■fin* 18,000 words a day. _____ EASTERN AGENT—J. P. «cK'n?e^ «04 Cambrldg- building. New York; »1 Bojroe building, Chicago. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAT MAGAZINE: Dally, by mail or carrier, a month » ■'» Dally, by mail or carrier, three month!. 1.50 Dally, by mall or carrier. «lx month*.. I" Dally, by mcll or carrier, one year.... «•»» Sunday Herald, one year }••» Weekly Herald. one year i* _}_,__; Poatage free In United State, and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Lo» Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Franclcvo and Oak land will find The Herald on Bale at the new* »Und« In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheattey and by Amos New. Co. Population of Los Angeles 300,000 fif VESTIGIA NULLA;j(I H RfcTRORSUM ftl CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN HERALD A LEADER IN SPITE of unusually active competition, I/os Angeles Herald is still a leader among newspapers and presents all the news of the country and the world to its readers in such a way that even the busi est man in a few minutes may be abreast of the march of events. Yesterday It pub lished 176 headed Items of news, told in the clear, crisp and clean manner which wins every reader and makes a friend of him. A tiresome, tedious method of writ ing Is discouraged. The Herald gives a complete and accurate account of every news event, but does not Indulge In su perfluous verbiage and unnecessary rhetoric. Not only i- The Herald attractive In Its manner of relating news, but fair In Its methods. Facts are not distorted to fit theories. Stories are not colored in order to be picturesque. No necessary detail is omitted, but no unnecessary detail Is re tained. Its style of handling questions which rome under editorial review Is fair iind outspoken. Its style of handling the news Is fair und impartial. It Is a square deal newspaper, j giving a square deal to people and events mentioned In its news and editorial columns, and a square, deal to readers. The constant Increase In the number of subscriptions and street sales shows it Is making new friends by the hundred. As a newspaper, The Herald Is s-i complete in every department and de tail air any in the Cnltpd States, although It Is compact, easily handled and carried, and not a "blanket sheet." An excellent staff of reporters collects all the local news. The efforts of these expert local news gath erers are supplemented by the work of a corps of trained, efficient, experienced cor respondents stationed at principal news cen ters In the United States, and by the com plete news service of the Associated Press, the greatest news gathering organization In civilization. It provides for readers of liOs Angeles Herald the news of all the civ ilized world, and also of every accessible part of the uncivilized world. Wherever the white man "carries bis burden" the Associated Press is there to telegraph the new* to Los Angeles Herald. PROTECTED GAMBLING A CIRCULAR letter issued by a New York firm of bankers, mem bers of the stock exchange, as sures the timorous that "the politi cal situation, while apt to cause an occasional stir in the stock market, is decidedly more satisfactory than it was a short time ago. The public is beginning to realize that while legis latures may propose, the courts will dispose, and that the supreme court of the United States can safely be counted upon to project all consti tutional rights." We would be soiry to believe this was liot the case, yet somehow the announcement coming from such a source inspires uneasiness rather than confidence. Surely the su premo court does not need the in dorsement of Wall street! In this instance and under the exist ing circumstances the announcement of the court's reliability is not reassuring, but disquieting, because it is evident Wall street means that the supreme court may be counted upon to thwart reform legislation! What, are the ron stitutionaj rights of a gambler? Has counted upon to protect all constl- Ititutlonal lights than a bucket shop keeper In Los Angeles I.' When is gambling not gambling? When la a bet not a bet but a deal? Our W:■ ll street friends enlighten us on this sub ject to some extent by saying: "With money reserves well above legal requirements, interest is being manifested in speculative bond issues. With money continuing easy, and brokers' offices generally free of stocks, tl^ere is only one conclusion to be ar rived at, and that is, the next important movement in the stock market will bo upward, and we are therefore inclined to think this an advisable time to buy," etc., etc., etc. Please observe the Hkillfully suggested connection between "The supreme court of the United States," "constitutional rights," and the "advisability of buying." Is the majesty of the supreme court in-. yoked to protect the operations of tambleis? GOOD MEN NEEDED AN OLD English phrase says a jury must be composed of good men and true. The cause of good gov ernment and liberty makes It Impera tively necessary that good men and true should be chosen at the pri maries. The primary elections are of vital importance. We hope all voters have been registered this year, but if not, they may vote on May 5 on their 1906 registration. The district attor ney has so ruled. The polls will be open from 6 a. m. to 8 p. m., so a citizen will have twelve hours In which to cast one vote. Surely he should be able to "get around to it" within that time. Republicans are making a great effort to emancipate Republicanism from Southern Pa cific bossism. This effort Is winning the approval of nil good citizens, who put the eman cipation of California above every mi nor or strictly partisan political con sideration or advantage. In order that conventions may truly represent Re publican sentiment, every Republican voter Is urged to go to the polls May 5 and by his vote assist In freeing the Republican party from the dis graceful domination of the Southern Pacific political bureau. The Republi can party Is in active revolt against the usurped rule of the Southern Pa cific. The purposes of the Lincoln- Roosevelt Republican league are the emancipation of the Republican party In California from domination by the Southern Pacific and allied interests, the selection of delegates to the next Republican national conven tion pledged to vote and work for the nomination of a candidate for presi dent known to be truly committed to and identified with President Roose velt's policies; the election of a free, honest and capable legislature; the pledging of all delegates to conven tions against the iniquitous practice of trading; the election of United States senators by direct vote of the people, the enactment of such a pri mary election law as shall afford a party voter a direct vote In the selec tion of party candidates, i THE FATAL QUESTION TAFT has not yet answered the question on his response to which his political destiny de pends. "If a man is out of work and is starving and cannot get work, and has a wife and family dependent on him, what must he do?" The Taft answer is. unsatisfactory. "God knows!" is merely a confession of ig norance. Mr. Taft has had plenty of time in which to prepare a less hys terical reply to the question of the hour. He should give us an answer which answers. We believe it is his duty as a citizen. Moreover, it gives him an opportunity of proving his fit ness as a probable candidate for the highest office. Discretion may be the better part of valor, but silence is sometimes more indiscreet than speech. To have answered only "God knows!" to such a question was one indiscre tion, but to remain silent while the whole country is awaiting a well-con sidered answer is another. Let Mr. Taft reply! There must be an answer to this question. Civilization would be incomplete if it could not be answered. Surely civilization is not incomplete. Let the great Republican give a Re publican answer to the question of the American workingham. MAKE SCHOOLS SAFE! AS WE do not believe )n alarmist practices or policies, we regret the professional necessity which com pels us to call attention to the fact that in an official blacklist of cities where there are unsafe school buildings Los Angeles appears. The national board of fire underwriters and several other organizations, after the Collin wood disaster made a careful investi gation of conditions which exist throughout the country. The state ment is made that the safety of the lives of students in 322 colleges and universities has hardly been consid ered! Few students living in dormi tories can go to bed at night under as surance that they are protected from fire perils. Within three months there have been dormitory fires in nineteen states and one territory. In the same period public school buildings have been on fire in eighteen states, one of which Is California. The pressing need of the hour is to make existing school buildings as safe for school children as modern methods will permit. Investigators assert "without hesita tion" that danger of loss of life in pub lic school buildings exists in every city and town in the United States, as well as in educational institutions situated In the rural districts, where the pub lic assistance available at a time of fire would amount to practically noth ing. It is universally conceded that proper protection against fire In a building can be had only through the use of fireproof materials in its con struction. The question of the hour is not how shall ntv/ school buildings be constructed, but how can existing buildings be made reasonably safe? In the opinion of engineers, automatic fire protection should be provided. Hotels and churches are protected by automatic sprinkler systems. It is sug gested that such protection should be adapted to school buildings. An auto matic sprinkler system discovers fire, gives a prompt alarm and, If the equipment be standard, throws water directly on the fire. Places that can not be watched by human industry can be protected by automatic sprinklers. Fire is the scourge of civilization, and we do not apologize for what we have to say on the subject of school pro tection. We have hoped and believed that Los Angeles' school buildings were safe, but the report of the expert in surance Investigator! says this is not the case. They may bo "reasonably" safe, or "ordinarily" safe, but they are not "absolutely" safe. LOS ANGELES HERALD: THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 30, 1908. * "COMPETITION" ITT HEN a smaller business concern 11 goes down before the repeated ' " onslaughts of a larger, many people say the competition of the survivor was to blame for the mis fortune of its neighbor. This is a mis taken view. Most business concerns, both large and small, can stand a rea sonable amount of fair competition; indeed, according to old proverb and modern experience, it is the life of trade. The trusts do not believe this, but trusts are illogical. They are houses built on the Bands, and will fall before the first storm of popular indig nation propertly directed. Under or dinary circumstances, fair competition is stimulating to business. It adver tises all competing concerns, and not Infrequently the absence of rivalry brings a serious loss to the quasi monopolist, the sole local occupant of any field of activity. But opposition to the existence of' a neighbor in bus ineso is not competition. When a pow erful firm uses all its influence for the purpose, not of competing with a rival, but of opposing that rival's existence and driving him out, immediately the powerful firm becomes un-American, an alien to the animating spirit of this country, and a mere mischief maker. It is better to boost than to knock. That is a good, sound proverb, founded on practical experience. When any member of a profession uses its greater influence or money power for the pur pose of suppressing or hurting another member of the same profession, it has unconsciously injured itself, and in the long run will reap what it has sowed. There Is plenty of hard worldly wis dom as well as spirituality in the say ings of Jesus, -Whatsoever ye sow, that shall ye also reap." "With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured unto you again." "Whatsoever ye would that men should dvo unto you, do also unto them." "But," you ask, "am I to take all this literally? Am I-| my brother's keeper?" If you are a wise man you will accept these teach ings literally and put them into prac tica every day. If you are a fool, you will not, and sooner or later a fool's fate will overtake you. The mills of the gods grind slowly, slowly, slowly, but time brings forth its revenges. All these sayings are in the line of the same philosophy and have to do with immutable laws of cause and effect. Yes, you are your brother's keeper. THE WICKED FORTUNE HEL.IE DE SAGAN Is having a distressing time over the prepa rations for his marriage to Anna Gould. All kinds of obstacles are being thrown In his way, sometimes religious objections, sometimes civil barriers; bilt somehow he manages to overcome objections and force his way through barriers. The dowry of his bride represents the product of the toil of American worklngmen. If the Gould money could be analyzed into its original constituents, how strange and weird the fortune would seem! If some alchemist could resolve into its original elements that heap of gold which is ho alluiing to Helie, what would that ar dent young dollar hunter see? The loot of the Erie! Hundreds of widows and other small stockholders suddenly find their incomes cut off. They are told their holdings have been depreciated until they are worthless. They must sell for anything at all, or their homes may be sacrificed. While the poor little stockholders rush to dispose of their supposedly insecure securities, old Jay Gould, peering out of a dark corner like one of those queer tunnel spiders which live at the far end of burrows, is buying, buying, buy ing. Soon he has a valuable railway property which he may use for specu lative purposes in his more avaricious Intervals. Black Friday! Wall street is crazy. From the beginning of the business day until the solemn chime of Trinity an nounces the hours of the later after noon, downtown New York is like :i Whirlpool ol' humanity. Out of the ci ntusion there suddenly emerges a THAT HISTORIC ANSWER human figure—perhaps hatlcss and coatless. It rushes about frantically and aimlessly—plunges into downtown Delmonico's for a drink of brandy, and another and another! Courage revives. There is a small-arms store in Nassau street. "Quick —a revolver —yes —load it up!" The storekeeper asks no ques tions. Soon a sharp report rings out among the discord of seething Wall street, Broad street. Nassau street, Broadway. Bull-voiced newsboys rush roaring down from Park row—"Haw, extree! extree! Suicide on the steps of the subtreasury! Extra!" Crape on many doors—the auctioneer in many homes—the red flag and ruin—young women who have known nothing but luxury tearing themselves from the arms of weeping mothers, and going out to face the world—to do any- thlng—anything at all for a pittance— anything at all! Thr^e and hundreds of like pictures could be conjured up by a magician for Helie from the Gould gold heap. And, calm and stolid, the central figure in all of them is old Jay Gould, smiling as he watches the antics' of his victims, and always counting— counting—counting his gains. For the Gould fortune is the wickedest in the world. The old man who began life by peddling mouse traps never ceased to be a trapper until death trapped him. Bluejackets say that never in their lives were they treated as well as In Los Angeles, never as badly as in San ta Barbara. We knew they would be discontented after they left "little old Los Angeles." When people are fool ish enough to run away from Los An geles to any other city, they are un happy ever after—unless they cun re turn to Los Angeles. California's orange crop this year is worth $16,000,000. After all, a greut many factories would have to work a great many hours in order to rival this product. Talk about California's lack of manufacturing Industries is not impressive when one thinks of the great fruit manufacturing industry, with the soil and the sun for "machin ery." Blood curdling stories about the dark deeds of massacring Kurds show the folly of civilization's boast that it la the policeman of all the world. It is true one-half the world does not know how the other half lives—and doesn't care. It is equally true one-half the world doesn't know how the other half robs and murders—and doesn't tare. C. E. KelseV, special government agent for the California Indians, says the survivors of the original owners of the state need fixture of tenure, se curity of legal right and protection from the liquor traffic. Seems to us this is an exact statement of what white men need! As Kald Sir Harry Mac Lean of Tighnabruaich, Morocco and elsewhere hits been heard to threaten the assas sination of anyone who degraded him by calling him an Englishman, it is not believed it v ould be safe to allow him to land in America. Once on a time the Chinese boy cotted Uncle Bam, and the Japs made the most of the opportunity. Now Japan is boymtted by the Chinese, and Uncle Sam is doing a land office business with trie Yellow Peril. With the Republican primaries should come the dawn of a new day. There has been too long a contin uance of condition! preferred by those who love the c I ink ness rather than the light, because, etc. John Norris, the well known eastern newspaper manager, says one paper linn controls the output of "seven In ili prudent mills." Herein is a mystery. How can they be independent if they are controlled? According to the program and plans of the county hl«hway commissioners, Los Angeles county will "soon" have the best roadw In the country. Gpod. The "sooner" the better The Public Letter Box Letter* Intended for publication must be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. The Herald lives the widest latitude to correspondents, but assumes no responsibility for their views. Letter* should not exceed 300^ words. TAKE LONG LOOK AT THE RIVER, BROTHER JONATHAN LOS ANQELE9, April 29.—[Editor Herald]: A few days ago I arrived in your fair city from the blizzard swept east in a Blue Line sjeeper. One of the first newspapers I saw was The Her- nld, which is certainly a paper of which Los Angeles may be proud. Perhaps you will give me a little corner in which I may write something which may be for the good of the public. The subject is one which Is dear to me, for I come of good old Yankee sea stock. Mine is a well-known aquatic and nau tical family. I asked cne of your in telligent citizens to direct me to the public baths To my surprise, he said there were no public baths. This some what disconcerted me, but upon mature I am led to the conclusion lhat your city 13 still too young to have considered seriously the proposition of tree bathing facilities for that portion of the community which a philosopher has called the great unwashed, as well as for others who might wish to avail themselves of the precious privilege of complete and thorough abulutlons. If one so recently arrived as I may be permitted to interpose a suggestion let me ask why not establish bath houses and plunges at the point where the bridges cross the Los Angeles river? The north side, of the bridge can be reserved for men and the south side for women, or vice versa. At the bathing- places could be sta tioned large floating bath houses simi lar to those along the Charles river in Boston, each one with a plunge. I have not yet visited the vicinity of your noble river, so cannot commit myself to more than the mere sugestlon. I may be able to throw out a few valu able hints as to details after I have made a thorough inspection. Ropes strotehed a few feet beyond the bath houses, not too fur out would keep the rash or venturesome from imperiling their lives, and relieve the city of the necessity and expense of keeping a pro fessional life saver on duty. I have no doubt the plan would be entirely feasible. Public baths have been great successes in other places less favored with climate than Los Angeles, so why not here, where they could be used all the year round? Yours very respectfully, JONATHAN KIDDEK, (of Rehoboth, Mass.) WORKING WOMAN HAS IDEAS ABOUT STREET CAR FARES LOS ANGELES, April 28.—[Editor Herald]: Among the letters on Mayor Johnson's free car proposition pub lished in The Herald I have not seen one from a woman. This is certainly, I should say, not because women are not interested in the subject of street car facilities, but because they all (like myself until today) hang back for some one else to do the letter writing. Now, I think an ounce of personal experience is worth a pound of theory. I have to go out to work most of my time, and I work by the piece, earn ing anywhere from 70 cents to $1.25 a day; occasionally (but seldom) as much as $1.40. The average is about 90 cents a day. Ten emits a day for car fare is just one-ninth of my earn ings and double that any evening that I come to town again; and this amount I pay, not for any advantage I receive, but only because I happen to live too far to walk. To reach my work alone I havo to work the first hour of each nine-hour day for the car company. Maybe I would not like street cars to be Jree! I'd be a foolish person if I wouldn't. And. further, I don't see why I should not sa->- what it is in my inlnd to say. I have a little boy who is not so strong as he might be, just the same as his mother Is not so strong and well as she might be, and I have good rea- Hun to believe both might have been stronger and better today but for the necessity the mother was under of sav ing car fares at a critical time for her self and the child-to-be. From the woman's point of view—the woman of hiii.ill means —the free-car idea should look good, indeed; it does to me. MRS. M. A. M. JEFFERBONIAN DEMOCRACY DIFFERS FROM OTHER BRAND LONG BEACH, April 25.—[Editor Herald]: Your correspondent. T. J. Pollard, In Monday's Issue, in reference to the partltfi admits that the "present evils have grown up and been fostered by the Republican party." And his third question la "Can the people forget, OF WORLDWIDE INTEREST IMPERIAL FAMILY OF JAPAN FREDERIC J. HASKIN HOKIO— is undoubtedly \ true . that no other, monarch in his tory ever saw such a change -in the • affairs of his r people ! has witnessed during \ his as the present ruler of Japan reign. Hutsu-hito became ■ emperor when he was 16 ■years old, and he will bo 66 If he lives until November 3. , Ho Is ' the one-hundred and twenty-first ruler of his dynasty, belonging to a line of monarchs I which ; stretches through the unparalleled period of 2568 years. Greater progress .has been made in the forty-one years of his reign than in all the time since Jimmu Tenno, the first historical ancestor of the present. Son of Heaven, sat upon the throne in 660 BO * ~ Although the seclusion of the present monarch causes much comment, his per son is hedged about with much less for mality than was put around his an cestors. In the olden time the mikado was altogether secluded from the pub lic. No one but his wife, his concu bines and his most important ministers were ever permitted to look upon his august face. When receiving he sat upon a matted throne, and his face was protected from view by a richly «m --broidered curtain. It was a strict rule of etiquette that his sacred feet should never touch the earth. It is said that the present emperor new walMd until he was 18 years old, which may account for his awkward gait which Is still noticeable. times the emperor'traveled In Mden times the emperor traveled in a curtained car of state.. His name could not be spoken aloud by the rank and file of 'his subjects, and when written had to be left unfinished by omitting the last stroke of the writing brush. The first time a Japanese em peror's name was ever written in full during his lifetime was when the pres ent sovereign issued his edict prom ism!! the people a constitutional form of government. No person Is Permit ted to look down upon the emperor, so that when he drives through the streets the blinds of upper windows must be closed and no one dares to climb on anything to get a view of his imperial, majesty. Formerly no one was permitted to look upon the emperor through spectacles, but in re cent years this rule has been modified in the case of persons who must wear glasses of necessity. But it la still wron- to see the emperor through glass, and to avoid any chance of anyone's seeing him through a win dow he grants audiences and docs his work in a room in which all the blinds are nailed down. EMPEROR 13 AUTHOR OF 70,000 POEMS, OF WHICH HE TURNS OUT ABOUT 50 DAILY The legal cause of this extravagantly reverent attitude of the people Is found In the third article of the constitution of Japan, which says: "The emperor is sacred and Invloable." Further ex planation of this clause Is made In the official commentary on the constitu tion: "The emperor Is heaven-de scended, divine and sacred. His hal lowed throne was established at tne time when the heavens and the earth became separated. He Is pre-eminent above all his subjects. The law has no power to hold him accountable to it. .Not only shall there be no irreverence for the emperor's person, but he shall not be made a topic for derogatory comment, nor even one of discussion. Thus it will be seen that the Japanese consider their ruler too sacred to be talked about, and have Inculcated in the law of the land a prohibition of tho use of his name in ordinary conver- The emperor has no dissipations and practices the utmost regularity, spend ing nearly his whole time in the dis charge of his official duties. He is said to resemble the German emperor in the faculty of being able to choose trust worthy assistants. Although his maj esty cannot read or speak any lan guage other than his own, he is an inveterate reader of newspapers, keep ing his interpreters busy translating the utterances of the foreign press for his information. Quite in conformity with the idea his subjects have about his divinity. Is the claim that he never shows emotion. If there are momenta when his anger gets beyond his control, no reports of them ever reach beyond TheVmperor always wears,a military uniform and has done so ever since he discarded Japanese dress years ago. Not only when he appears In public, out when working at his Buropean desk, he is dressed in the full uniform of a general or admiral. His interest In the equipment of his soldiers was il lustrated by an incident of war times A body of troops was passing and he ordered one of the private" to besent to him He examined the soldiers shoes and asked a great many que* tlons about them. Then to satisfy him self he sent for a pair of the same kind and wore them for two or three days to test their comfort. The one hobby of the mikado isi h, s love of poetry. No day passes without his turning out forty or fifty poems which" according to Japanese rue must consist of either sixteen or thirty-one syllables. His capacity in this Particu lar is so great that the official court poet estimates that during the part thirty years his majesty has written UxUy 701000 poems. It is told that when the emperor was only 8 years oldl hla father gave him a number of subjects for verses, and he has had an unvary ing love of this kind of composition ever since. Each January the emperor selects a subject and the pub lie I«.re quested to send in poems on this theme. the last Democratic maladministra tion?" and will they be Justified in re turning it to power? The people will not bo asked to return the Cleveland foment and its policies to power. The Bryan policies were quite different, and a protest against the Republican as well as the Cleveland policies. ' When Cleveland was elected, the country wa« Republican. Why then did Illinois, which had not been Democratic since Douglas day. and Wisconsin and Indi ana and- other Republican states change over and vote for | Cleveland? It was because the country was • al ready in the grip of hard times.. It was a protest against . the Harrison regime, under which banks began to close, merchants to fail. strikes to oc cur all over the country and monetary stringency and commercial paralysis prevailing in nearly every state of he Union. This was the aftermath of the Harrison misrule, ■ and elected^ Cleve land. , who went into office under these circumstances. . It was »mP°ss'e. B 'o. r him to stem the tide of national dlsas ter-the wreck and ruin brought on by Republican mlsgovernment. It is not justice nor honesty to charge Clevetend with the sins of omission and commis sion of his predecessor, as J: would have required the wisdom of an all wise creator to steer the old ship out of the maelstrom and bring back pros perity to the , people. ■<> Jeffersonian Democracy is rdly the same as some brands of Democracy that have been conspicuously «exploited, and it is to this that all : "independents" and those who believe In representative popular Thousands of responses are receive! and thi: bureau of poetry is rushed for months in the work of passing upon thorn all. . Finally the committee se lects what are considered the six best poems, and these are read at court and published in all the papers. Of course this honor is regarded very highly by the successful competitors. This year the subject was: "The Pine Tree Be side the* Shrine." The emperor's con tribution was: "The evergreen pine tree stands beside the shrine which guards the empire immovable." Among the six successful contributors thero was only one woman, who wrote: "In iho garden fronting the shrine the cranes play under the pine tree foliage. ' While the translation destroys the me ter an understanding of the idea may be obtained. I l COURT POET AND EMPEROR HAVfc CONTROVERSY OVER MERIT OF ROYAL VERSES The present court poet la 70 yeare. old, and It Is said that he is soon to retire from office on account of the arduous duties attached to it. There is a story which shows that although the mikado may be supremo in ruling thn .Tn nanese nation, the court poet is the boss of his department. Years ago when the emperor and his poeti cal adviser were both young men they made a trip together from Kyoto to Toklo. They traveled along for sevcrul" days tn sight of Fujiyama, the sacred mountain. Of course the view inspired the emperor to dash off a number of effusions. In trying to determine which of the lot was the best a dis pute arose, and the discussion became so heated that the court poet resigned on the spot. However, his august mas ter declined to release him und in the ovejjtures which followed it was agreed that in future his majesty should ac cept the rulings of his minister of muses without question. And even to this day the court poet of Japan is not a figurehead. Aside from his love of poetry the emperor has absolutely no amuse ments. When a young man he was quite skillful in the practice of arch ery and for a time spent a portion of each day in drilling a company of troops. The fact that he is susceptible to seasickness is said to be the ro.\- son why he does not have an Imperial yacht. Whenever it becomes neces sary for him to journey on the water he travels In a steamer chartered for the occasion, or utilizes one of the bat tleships of the Japanese navy. Al though his majesty has a number Sf country palaces and game preserves, he rarely or never visits them, pre ferring to remain at the capital of hhs empire. The empress of Japan is a noble and inspiring woman. Her name is Har uko, and she is the daughter of a noble of the highest rank. She is two years older than the mikado. Tho sacred ness of the imperial porsonuges was shown by an incident which occurred when it was determined that the court ladies should adopt European 4TCM. At this time great difficulty was ex perienced In getting clothes to fit her Imperial majesty. The profane hands of a dressmaker could not be allowed to touch the person of the empress, m a court lady had to pose as a model until the garments were gradually made to fit. - EMPRESS HOLDS PLACE IN HEARTS OF HER PEOPLE, WHO WORBHIP HER The empress also has poetic Inclina tions, and is herself the author of sev eral volumes of verse. One of the fea tures of 111 state occasions is the sing ing of a song by the school children, which was composed for them by h«r majesty. During the rendition of this soitg the children .stand with their heads bowed as if in prayer. The em press take* a greal deaLof Interest in 'all school -work, and has in her private apartments a large collection of the best specimens of poetry, painting and composition done by the pupils of tho empire. A story is told which reveals tho kindness of her majesty's character. Some years ago when the castle In Tokio was burned the emperor and em press were forced to take temporary quarters in a nearby house, which was old and rather out of repair. Although the proportions of the place were ample It was altogether lacking in the luxu ries of the palace. A representative of the people expressed to the empress the grief which her subjects felt becau.se she was denied her usual conveniences. She arose to the occasion by writing <i graceful little poem In which she said that it mattered little how she was situated so long as she was sure of a. home in the hearts of her people. Another story illustrates her ma jesty's consideration for the happiness of children. One of the little prin cesses once conceived the unreason able idea of wanting to give a cherry blossom party In December. Although April is the earliest that these trees may be expected to put forth their delicate flowers, skilled artisans were called in and after much labor cre ated the desired effect by pinning to the trees myriads of pink and white blossoms made of tissue paper. Thus the whim of the eccentric little prin cess was gratified. (Copyright, ISOB, by Frederic J. Haekin.) Tomorrow —The Heuse of Mit-.nl. government should turn in the next election. Yours respectfull, R. M. M'KIE. FREE CAR IDEA FINDS FAVOR IN EYES OF A LABORER LOS ANGELES, April 27.—[Editor Herald]: Well, Mr. Editor, it has been my lot many and many alveary time to have to trudge long distances, often burdened with a handbag or other im pediment, simply because by the logic of circumstances I have had to reflect that the nickel I might have spent for car ride was wanted at home. But I am only one of the "common people," and so probably don't count. LABORER. STORM AND CALM Not always for me the calm, And the breath of balm- Blue skies over the vale And the nlgtulngaln Singing Its silvery psalm! Rather, to pitch my blood To the flow of the flood, The wild wind welter and strain Of the driven rain. And the thunder's clash and thud! Without some tang of strlfo, With fervor rife. Tame Indeed Is the taste (Good brew gone to waste!) Of the wine In the cup of life! / —Clinton Scollanl in Smart lirC.