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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, March 24, 1909, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1909-03-24/ed-1/seq-8/

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'BOSS' PARKER
IS SUMMONED
BY GRAND JURY
HAS LONG INTERVIEW WITH
DISTRICT ATTORNEY
3CHENCKAND SAVAGE EXPECTED
TO TESTIFY TODAY
Joseph Durand Refuses to Answer
Questions and Is Committed to
Jail for Contempt of
Court
W ALTER PARKER, head of the
machine which for many years
has dominated the political des
tinies of Los Angeles, according to Dis
trict Attorney Fredericks, will be
called as a witness before the grand
jury either today or later in the week.
Parker was a visitor at the district at
torney's office yesterday and remained
seated in the corridor for half an hour,
awaiting the adjournment of the in
vestigating body. For two days the
grand jury has been holding sessions in
the private office of Mr. Fredericks.
Following the departure of the jurors
Mr Parker was closeted for some time
with the district attorney and Deputy
,W J Ford in the lattcr's office. Be
fore entering Mr. Ford's office the dis
trict attorney stated that Mr. Parker
had been served with a subpoena and
would be required to appear before the
Jury as a witness.
Earl Again Sole Witness
Edwin T. Earl was again the only
•witness yesterday, remaining in the
jury room throughout the tyiy.
"They say they arc through with me
for the time being at least," said Mr.
Karl as he left the International Bank
building.
Sam Schenck, former police commis
sioner, was in waiting yesterday after
noon to be called as a witness and
probably will be called some time to
day. Tom Savage is also expected to
testify today.
No further news regarding the
whereabouts of Nick Oswald, former
ruler of the tenderloin, or his asso
ciate, William Lawrence Vetter, was
received yesterday, and the officers to
whom has been assigned the duty of
bringing Oswald to Los Angeles appear
to be playing a waiting game.
Durand Will Not Answer
Joseph Durand, who jefused to
answer questions in the jury room
Friday, was before Judge James on
contempt proceedings yesterday. His
attorney, Fred Thompson, again con
tended that the questions contained in
Foreman Fishburn's affidavit were im
material and that his client ucted with
in his rights when he refused to make
replies. The danger that Durand
might incriminate himself by answer
ing the questions was also advanced
by Mr. Thompson as an argument In
support of Durand's position.
judge James decided tha* the ques
tions appeared pertinent and material
and that Durand must answer them.
Durand was committed to jail for con
tempt and ordered kept in custody
until he agreed to make the desired
responses. Durand will have an op
portunity to answer the questions to
day, as he will be called by the grand
Jury as its first witness.
Rumors were plentiful about the
court house and district attorney's of
fice yesterday that further indictments
would be handed in by the grand jury-
U. OF C. DEFEATS
ST. VINCENT'S NINE
Game Played in Drizzling Rain and
Saints Lose Hard Fought Con.
test by Score of
2 to 0
SAN FRANCISCO. March 22.—With
the lain falling and on a diamond slip
pery from tin' morning's drizzle, the
University of California nine defeated
the players of St. Vincent's college of
Los Angeles today in five innings by a
score of 2 to 0.
Clean fielding on Hie part of tile Blue
and Gold players and an errorle«s game
gave them two points on two Jilts. St.
"Vincent carried off two hits but failed
to score. The southern aggregation
found two errors chalked up against
them.
Batteries: St. 'Vincent—French and
West; California—Forker and christen.
MERGER OF SUNSET AND
HOME COMPANIES RUMORED
San Francisco was Interested yes
terday in a rumor thai a general con
solidation had i been effected between
the Pacific States and the Home Tele
phone interests, including Los Angeles
as well as other California points. The.
statement was not credited here, al
though, it is said, tho Bell interests
have been anxious for a merger, for it
is known that the Home company's
franchise is so drawn as to prevent
any such combination. Unless the
prohibitive clause could be knocked
out legally the company would lose its
franchise by signing such an agree
ment.
Owing to recent movements of the
interests behind the Home company in
San Francisco this is not considered
improbable in the bay cities, but Los
Angeles Is not concerned. A promi
nent telephone official said recently
lhat all operations at San Francisco
"were up in the air," intimating that
a change was taking place there.
The rumor is supposed, by those who
follow telephone matters closely, to be
inspired by telephone merger plans in
the east which have occasioned a rapid
rise in telephone bonds. Western tele
phone securities have been marketed
lately in large amounts in New York,
and this has added strength to the
rumors.
OFFERS JEFF $10,000
TO SAY HE WIL LFIGHT
CHICAGO, March 23.— 0n Monday
afternoon, in New York, Jim Ji
will receive an offer of $1,000 for one
word, if that word is "Yen," he will re
ceive a $10,0000 bill, "ml if he says "No, 1'
the money will bo his just the same.
The doner in this offer will be Abo
Ahrends of Chicago and he will repre
sent champion Jack Johnson in the
transaction. The idea of Johnson and
his manager is to know whether or not
the former king of pugilists is serious
tn his implied threat to return to ring.
The black fighter feels in duty bound
to have some sort of an understand
ing with his rival for the fistic title i. .
fore, he plunges Into a Held of easy
money.
Judge Bordwell's Opinion Holding
That Recall Election Must Proceed
Judge Bordwell's opinion follows:
In the superior court of Los An
geles County, State of California.
No. 67,018, Henry S. Jones VS.
Niles Pease, et al.
No. 67,033, Henry S. Jones vs. W.
C. Muslict.
Actions to restrain the officers of
the city of Los Angeles from hold
ing a "Recall Election" and paying
expense bills incurred on account
thereof.
Section 198 eof the charter of said
city is denominated "the recall." By
its provisions any elective officer
"may be removed." If 25 per cent of
those who voted at the last munici
pal election tile a petition with the
city clerk "demanding an election of
a successor of the person sought to
be removed, containing a general
statement of the grounds for which
the removal is sought," and the
same shall be ces^lfled to the city
council as sufficient, the "council
shall order and fix a date for hold
ing said election, not less than
thirty days nor more than forty
days" thereafter, "the successor of
any officer so removed shall hold
office during the unexpired term of
his predecessor. Any person sought
to be removed may be a candidate
to succeed himself, and, unless he
requests otherwise, in writing, the
clerk shall place his name on tho
official ballot without nomination.
In any such removal election, the
candidate receiving the highest
number of votes shall be declared
elected. At such election if some
other person than the incumbent
receives the highest number of
votes, the incumbent shall, thereup
on, be deemed removed from office
upon qualification of his successor.
In case the party who receives the
highest number of votes should fail
to qualify within ten days after re
ceiving notification of election, the
office shall be deemed to be vacant.
If the incumbent receives the high
est number of votes, he shall con
tinue in office."
One A. C. Harper was elected
and qualified as mayor of said city
for a term of three years, beginning
the first Monday in January, 1907.
On the 16th day of February, 1909,
the city clerk certified to the city
council that a petition, sufficient
under the recall provisions of the
charter, had been filed "demanding
an election of a successor to A. C.
Harper, sought to be removed from
said office of mayor.'
On the 19th of February the coun
cil ordered an election to be held on
the 26th day of March, pursuant to
said demand and the provisions of
said Sec. 198 c.
Harper's Resignation
On the 11th day of March the said
Harper filed with the city clerk two
documents which, though received
by him at the same time, were by
him filed in his office in his follow
ing order:
1. "I hereby request that you do
not place my name or cause It to
be placed on the official ballot to be
used on the recall election on March
26, 1909, which said election is call
ed for the purpose of recalling A. C.
Harper as mayor of the city of Los
Angeles. (Signed) A. C. Harper."
2. "Los Angeles, Cal., March 11,
1909. To the Hon. City Council of
the city of Los Angeles:
"I hereby tender my resignation
as mayor of the city of Los Angeles
to take effect imediately. (Signed)
A. C. Harper."
On the 12th day of March, 1909,
the said re»' -nation was presented
to the city council and accepted.
On the loth day of March the
council resolved "that the office of
mayor of the city of Los Angeles be
and the same is hereby declared va
cant," and on the same day passed
a resolution wherein, after reciting
the filing of the recall petition and
the ordering of said election and the
acceptance of Said resignation, it
was formally resolved "that the
city council do now proceed to fill
the vacancy existing in the office of
mayor by appointing a person to
serve as mayor of said city of Los •
Angeles until the qualification of
the person who recives the highest
number of votes at the election to
be held on the 26th day of March,
19U9." At the same meeting, by
motion duly presented and carried,
one William I). Stephens was unan-
Imouslv appointed and elected "to
fill the vacancy in said office of
mayor occasioned by the resignation
of A. ('. Harper," and thereupon the
president of the council declared
•that Mr. William D. Stephens, hav
ing received nine votes, I hereby
declare him appointed mayor to fill
the vacancy now existing in the
office of mayor."
By said charter it is also provided
(Sec. 81 that if the mayor "shall die
or remove from the city ... or
shall resign, his office may be de
clared vacant by the council, and it
shall thereupon fill the vacancy."
And that in the event of a vacan
cy in an elective office, other than
in the council itself, "the council
shall fill such vacancy for the un
expired term." (Sec. 197.)
Proceed with Election
Notwithstanding the resignation
01 Mr. Harper and the appointment
of Mr. Stephens to take his place,
the defendants —all the members of
the city council, the city clerk, the
city auditor and the city treasurer—
"are proceeding with said election"
and intend to hold it on the 26th
day of March and to incur the
necessary expenses therefor at a
cost of $10,000 or more.
It is conceded on all hands that
all the proceeding* for the election
are regular in every particular.
The plaintiff, who is an elector
and taxpayer of the city, conceives
the idea that because of the resig
nation of Mr. Harper the legal right
to hold said election under the recall
provisions "f the charter termin
ated, and that the holding thereof
would be illegal. In the complaint
in the first case he alleges that "if
the election be held the person re
ceiving the highest number of votes
will make a claim for the possession
of the office of mayor as against Mr.
Stephens, causing a conflict as to
who is legally entitled to hold the
office, and thus resulting in confu
sion that will embarrass the city
government in carrying on its pub
lic works, and in performing its or
dinary functions.
By reason whereof plaintiff seeks
n judgment declaring that Mr.
Stephens is the duly elected mayor
for a term ending on the first Mon
day Of January, 1910. And that the
defendants be restrained from pro
ceeding with said election and the
incurrence of any expenses in con
nection therewith.
Asks Restraining Order
By the second Of the above en
titled actions the plaintiff seeks to
have the defendant, the city au
ditor, restrained from auditing a f
bill Which has been incurred in the
sum Of 5C0.92 for the pWntlng of
the ballots to be used v at said elec
tion.
Plaintiff's theory in each at these,
actions is that the proceedings in
stituted by the petition of the elec-
Los Angeles Herald
tors were for the "removal" of an
incumbent (the muyor) from office,
hut that by reason of the fact that
lie has, prior to the holding: of the
election, voluntarily resigned, there
Is no one to remove; that the char
ter, having distinctly provided that
In the event of the vacancy in the
office of mayor by resignation "the
council . . . shall thereupon Mil
the vacancy," the people have no
right to fill it by election—they
having themselves provided another
method, to wit, the appointment by
the council; that an examination of
all the provisions of the charter
when properly construed, shows
that under the state of facts pre
sented here, the city council shall
fill the vacancy caused by resigna
tion of the mayor for a term ex
piring with the end of the three
years for which he was originally
elected, and that the holding of a
"removal election" would be an idle
formality and would cause needless
■waste of public money.
On the other hand, the defendants
contend that the mayor accepted
his election in the first instance
upon the condition contained In the
charter that his tenure may be ter
minated under the recall provisions
of the charter "at any time by the
electors." (Sec. 198 c); that the cer
tification by the clerk to the city
council that a sufficient petition
demanding an election to recall the
mayor has been filed, operates to
lix the time when his term will ex
pire and his tenure of office cease,
to wit, the day when the result of
the election shall be declared, un
less it transpires he shall have re
ceived the highest number of votes,
in which event he will "continue lo
office," not by virtue of the election
at the time he was originally in
ducted in office, but by virtue of
his having received the highest
number of votes at the recall elec
tion; that the recall proceedings
have a two-fold purpose: One, to
"remove" the officer against whom
it is directed; two, to elect "a suc
cessor to the incumbent sought to
be removed;" and that when the
proceedings for the holding of a
recall election have gone forward
as far as they had in this case,
even the death of the incumbent
would not interrupt them, but that
they would continue to the end.
It is probable those who drafted
the charter did not anticipate a
condition such as has here arisen,
for the language employed is not
apt for the support of the conten
tion of either the plaintiff or the
defendants. Hence it is no surprise
that men honestly differ in their
views as to whether the law re
quires the election to be held or
the proceedings therefor suspended,
and it must be admitted that the
arguments presented in support of
each contention is not without rea
son and logic.
Some suggestions are made and
illustrations used by counsel for
the respective parties for the pur
pose of exposing- what they con
sider the untenability of their op
ponents' position. For instance, it
is suggested by counsel for plain
tiff that "the unexpired term," as
used in the section providing for
the recall and elsewhere, clearly
means the unexpired period of time
for which he who theretofore filled
the office was originally elected.
And that the provisions of the re
call section that if the incumbent
receives the highest number of
votes at the recall election he shall
"continue In office," is clearly In
consistent with the idea that he
has completed a term and will then
begin another.
Defeats One Object
On the other hand, It is suggested
by counsel for the defendants that
if the plaintiff's contention be right,
then it is left in the power of the
Incumbent sought to be removed to
defeat one of the very objects of the
proceedings, to wit, the election by
the people of his "successor" by
simply resigning. And, being a citi
zen having the legal qualifications
for the office, he might be imme
diately appointed by the council to
fill the vacancy for the remainder of
the term for which he was origin
ally elected, or until subsequent pro
ceedings for his recall be instituted,
in which event he might again re
blgn and be reappointed, and so on
to the end, thus nullifying alto
gether the recall provisions of the
charter and make of them a mere
fane That an unfaithful and dis
graced officer may, in such manner,
defy the provisions of the charter by
which it was intended to reserve to
the people the right to remove him,
and, by election, place in office his
successor. (Indeed, it is conceded
by counsel for plaintiff that this
very thing might be done because
the charter was not so framed as to
protect against such a result.)
That the charter (sec. 198 c) provides
for the election of "a successor to
the incumbent sought to be re
moved;" also, that the "person
Bought to be removed may be acan
didate to succeed himself." Does
not 1 his (inquire the defendants' at
torneys) clearly imply an intention
on the part of the people, when the
charter was adopted, to anticipate
the termination of "the term" for
which the Incumbent was originally
elected?
Otherwise, how could he tlifcre
afler, if he received the highest
number of votes, "succeed himself,"
and. unless the incumbent's term
expired with the holding of the elec
tion, how could the people "vote
for a successor to the Incumbent"?
And the court .suggested to counsel
this query: It Is conceded that the
Incumbent may. in any event, con
tinue in office until the vote cast at
the election has been declared, and,
if" In; be defeated, until the success
ful candidate qualifies (not exceed
ing tin days); now, suppose the
Incumbent should resign after the
flection and before the qualification
of his successor should resign, or,
on the very day of the election
would tho resignation operate to
defeat and annul the election?
Lead Into a Maze
\ consideration nf such and other
suggestions are, not of great assist
ance in solving the problems pre
sented; they tend, somewhat, to lead
into a maze of contradictions and
to confuse the mind, though, it must
be confessed, they incline to sup
port the defendants' contention.
The caye is peculiarly one for con
struction of the provisions of the
charter, iccordlng to the general
rules for the construction of
statutes.
It should be borne in mind that
it is always the duty of the court,
in construeing statutes or provis
ions of a city charter, to determine,
if possible, the true intention of the
lawmakers. It is a cardinal rule of
construction that statutes or char
ter provision* must, if possible, be
construed so as to give effect to
the intention of the people at whose
Instance they were enacted. The
court must take Into account the
purpose for" which the law was en
acted. It often happens that names
and terms are unskillfully employed
In writings ami iv drafts of laws
' and their meaning thereby rendered \
doubtful; but this fact will not be '.
' allowed to stand in the way of giv- •" >
ing effect to the true intent if that
: can be ascertained from an exam
ination and consideration of the en
tire writing or law, having In mind
the circumstances : and the pur
poses for which the writing was ex
ecuted or the law enacted. Nor will
the court Insert anything which has :
■ been omitted from a statute or omit
that which has* been Inserted ■in ■
construing its provisions. (Sec.
1858, C. C. P.)
Question of Law
Whenever the question '.- arises .
■whether or not the law requires the
election of a public officer by the
vote of the people or by some other
method, all doubts are to be re
solved in favor of. allowing the
choice *to be made by popular vote.
The courts . have * universally ' hold
that the right to exercise the elec
toral franchise must be Jealously
guarded on all occasions. , ,' ..
Special provisions of a state con
stitution or a city charter, with re
spect to a particular matter, are
to be deemed as controlling general
provisions. -
The recall provisions of the char
ter, and those alone, must be looked
to for the purpose of determining
the Issues here presented. If these
provisions do not allow the selec
tion of a mayor by popular vote to
succeed one who has resigned after ■
an election has been called, then the
selection of Mr. Stephens by the
city council must be considered as
entitling him to remain in office
until the end of the term for which
Mr. Harper was originally selected, x
and the election ought- not to be
held. If, however, all things consid
ered, it can be said that under such
circumstances the holding of,
election Is allowed, then the court
must not interfere.
It Is clearly contemplated by the
section of the charter dealing with '
the recall that the successor of him
against whom the proceedings are
instituted shall be elected by the
people. | The court should not lay
down a rule denying the people this
right which thpy have reserved to
themselves when the incumbent
against whom the proceedings were
inaugurated has resigned after the
election is ordered, undess the
charter plainly demands it.
The constitutionality of the recall
provisions of the charter are not
questioned by the plaintiff. Indeed,
it must now be regarded as settled
that they do not violate either the
state or the federal constitution, the
point having been practically deter
mined by the decision of the su
preme court in the Phahler case (150
Oal., p. 71), "and the court must re
spect them without discussion of
their merit or demerit.
Presents Difficulties
, While it must be conceded that
the case presents difficulties, never
theless, having In mind the general
principles to which I have ad
verted, the manifest objects of the
recall provisions of the charter, the
fact that an election had actually
been called before the resignation
of the mayor, ,it cannot be con
cluded that the plaintiff has
presented a case free from the
doubt which is always required be
fore the extraordinary remedy of
injunction is allowed, and, there
fore, it must be denied. This con
clusion can be reached without
reading anything Into the charter
nor omitting anything which has
been placed therein. Indeed, I am
inclined to the view that a contrary
conclusion would require a reading
into the charter a provision to the
effect that where the officer sought
to be recalled resigns after the
election has been ordered, the pro
ceedings shall be suspended and
the council then empowered to fill
the vacancy caused by the resigna
tion, for the remainder of the
period for which he was originally
elected. Such an Interpolation
would be vlolative of legal rules by
which the court is bound.
There is a further reason why
the plaintiff may not be granted a
writ enjoining the election. The
judicial must not interfere with the •
political branch of the government.
This doctrine is universally recog
nized by the courts and its infrac
tion regarded as a trepass upon the
domain of the co-ordinate branch of
the government. Its use for such
purposes as that desired here would '
be a dangerous exercise of judicial
power. (See Sec. 3432, C. C.)
In some cases where the legisla
tive branch of a government is at
tempting to exercise its power
without warrant of law or fraudu
lently to the damage of the citizens,
the judiciary may interfere. But
no such case la presented here; it is
conceded that the defendants are
acting in entire good faith.
Has Remedy at Law
Moreover, any party interested in
questioning the result of the elec
tion has his remedy at law. He
may institute quo ,warranto pro
ceedings to determine the rights of
one declared elected to and in
ducted In the office of mayor. It Is
a rule without exception recognized
by all courts that where a legal
remedy exists, which may be em
ployed to remedy that of which a
litigant complains, injunction is .
never granted.
By the second of the above en
titled actions the plaintiff seems only
to enjoin the city auditor from
auditing a bill which has already
been incurred for a part of the ,
election expenses. If the defendants
were acting in bad faith, or if they
were attempting to exercise legis
lative •or administrative functions
which are clearly beyond their
•powers as granted by the state
laws and the municipal charter, the
courts might restrain them. But,
as already stated, such a case is
not made out by plaintiff's com
plaint. And for that reason the
injunction must be denied. Further
more, if the judiciary may not in
terfere with the legislative branch
of the government (except in in
stances I have suggested) in an
action where it is directly sought to
have them enjoined, neither will the
court grant such relief where the
manifest purpose of the action is to
Indirectly accomplish that which
may not be permitted directly.
Fred ('. Wheeler, a candidate
whose name has already, by order
of this court, been placed upon the
ballot to be used upon said elec
tion, has applied for permission to
'intervene and to join with the plain
tiff in contesting the defendants'
claims. The conclusion reached ren
ders the intervention unnecessary,
and the application la disallowed.
The defendants' demurrer to the
complaint in each action is sus
. tamed, without leave to the plain
tiff to amend, and each action is
ordered dismissed.
WALTER BORDWELL, Judge.
March 23, 1909.
"What would you do If you hart five dol
lare to spend. Just as you choose?" School
boys and sir's may win cash prises of %l
each for the best letter on this subject.
Addrcsn Aunt Laurie, care this paper, be
fore Saturday afternoon.
Come to the Finish of the
Great New Orleans Purchase
represented. If you haven't been to the sale as yet, make it a point to be here at the finish. Better come down
early in the day.
$12.50 Seamless
Brussels CO 7&v
7&x9 Rugs .. *0.l O
, 50 of these desirable Brussels rugs,
in all the newest designs and color
ings, to be sold today at a price
that is without a precedent for this
class of floor covering. Remember,
these I rugs are made in one solid
piece. They measure 7%x9 feet. A
regular $12.60 size for today. Third
Floor, $8.75. j \".,,
1000 PAIRS OF WHITE OR
ARABIAN CURTAINS A
PAIR ......OUC
Here's good news for curtain buy
ers—a great quantity of lace cur
tains, consisting of Nottinghams,
■ novelties, in white or Arabian color;
also ruffled muslin curtains. They
are worth in the regular way up to
76c. Today's price, EOc pair.
COMFORTERS, VALUES
TO $1.75. A SALE (g| JC
A rare valbe in pure cotton filled,
silkoline comforters; soft and fluffy;
some in the lot worth $1.75. All big
values today, $1.25.
SILK FLOSS, 30-POUND
WEIGHT MAT- Ax «C
TRESS, AT 3)0. I •*
Put them side by side with those
you see priced at $8.60 and $9.50 in
the city. It's a combination silk
floss mattress. The covering is a
fancy art ticking: full size; weight
30' pounds. A leader with us—s6.7s.
{£' Women's Undervests
This means a crowd in m
Aisle 7 today, from 8 LT —
o'clock until the supply is r%i *
exhausted. Swiss ribbed, %J\J
low neck; no sleeves. Bet
ter get here on time.
Men's Collars —Linen
Good two - for - a - quarter 1
collars in the popular wing A *y
styles. No limit. Buy them tM.I
by the box if you wish; 4c JL%/
will rush them out in a
hurry. These in the Annex, Main
Floor.
SOCIALISTS GIVE THEIR
CHAMPION WARM GREETING
Speakers at People's Theater Find
Nothing to Criticise in George
Alexander's Record
That George Alexander was a capa
ble man to take up the reins of gov
ernment of the city of Los Angeles
and that his record was one that must
command respect was all that the
Socialist speakers had to offer against
George Alexander at a rally last night
in the People's theater, 523 South Main
street, held in the interests of Fred C.
Wheeler, the Socialist candidate for
mayor at the recall election next Fri-
day.
There was a large attendance, and
in thu audience were noticed many who
have not previously been identified
with with the Socialist cause, but at
tended out of curiosity to sec on just
what platform the Socialist candidate
was running.
Job Harriman, A. R-. Holston and
Fred C. Wh,eeler were the speakers of
the evening.
Mr. Holston dwelt on the point that
the recall action was placed in the
charter through the efforts of the So
cialist party and that this party had
been denied the credit which was now
being usurped by other powers.
Mr. Wheeler, who was introduced as
the next mayor of Los Angoles, devot
ed most of his time to telling- his au
dience what he had accomplished for
the workingman and 'the trades unions.
He described his life in Los Angeles
and his twenty-two years of service in
promoting the < ause of Socialism.
While denying that he possessed any
egotism, his speech teemed with what
ho had achieved without recompense
for the working people of Los Angeles,
and every sentence was ushered in with
the letter "I."
Vigorous applause greeted the speak
er, and when he pictured himself as
the imaginary mayor and told whSt
changes he would effect, what graft he
would suppress and how he would
l^oost Los Angeles, his listeners rose
and gave three hearty cheers for the
champion of the working class.
Mr. Harriman spoke in a similar
vein and detailed the fight in which,
as he claimed, the Socialists had
caused the recall to be inserted in the
city charter. Although not admitting
that the Socialist candidate for mayor
would be defeated, Mr. Harriman stat
ed that it would be better to go down
to honorable defeat without having
made promises that could not be con
scientiously fulfilled.
AH the speakers had only words of
praise for George Alexander, and in
discussing the issues of the cam
paign prefaced their remarks by saying
that they were not talking against Mr.
Alexander as an individual but as a
representative of a party, and as' the
Socialist party was the only one that
could redeem Loh Angeles from its
present predicament Mr. Alexander
must necessarily bo second preference
to its candidate.
ALEXANDER MEETINGS TONIGHT
8 p. m. Odd Fellows' hall. 723
West Jefferson. .Speakers: Judge C.
V. McNutt, Marshall Stimson and
George Alexander.
8 p. m.—Conaty hall. Daly and Dow
ney avi>nuea. Speakers: Prof. L. A.
Handler, Prank 8. Forbes and George
Alexander.
S p. m. — Hokom block. 4318 Mon«ta
■>v«au*. Speakers: Thomas Lee Wool
wine. William K. Burke ami George
Alexander.
WEDNESDAY. MARCH 24, 1909.
Notion Day
In the Great Lehmann Purchase
3 YARDS OF CIRCLE BRACD ' ||»
FOR SKIRTS. •'."'
HOOKS AND KYES O r
FROM 9, TO 10..; **»
.. mark and white. „
SHOW LACES, 3 LENGTHS C\L -
PAIR •'.'.........'.. ■«•
I^imlt of 3 to a customer.
ONE ' SPOOL OF DARNING I a
COTTON ..; • • "*»
Black, white and tan.
DOZEN FANCY METAL ' »>•
BUTTONS **»
BOLT FINISHING BRAID c _
WHITE ;.... »*•'
IRONING WAX, WITH |_
HANDLES ; ■*»
DARNERS, BLACK ENAMEL O_
HNSCIAI. ■ AT • •■«»
YARD ELASTIC, FRILLED,, "iMi*
EDGE, ALL COLORS * 73\>
DOZEN PEARL BUTTONS OVA«»
14 TO 24 1.1 i.M. «S/3fc
KID CURLERS, 5o KIND, > -> r
DOZEN *"*
TOILET PINS, IN BOXES , |«
SPECIAL AT '*»
10 SPOOLS OF BASTING Sg,
THREAD ........«"•
SPOOL SILK, ALL COLORS, B r
100-YARD SPOOLS , *»»»
NOTTAHOOK— C|»
ALL SIZES ON CARDS »...»*»»
Coats* Spool Cotton'
All Numbers. OC
; :>', :,: ft TO D A. M.
Limit of 4 to a customer. Black
and white.
Women's 50c Silk Lisle .
Stockings
Another half-price sen- a ma
sation. Fine silk lisle • ■%/"?
hose at a price that will • f,r*k ',
crowd the department Ml/V
today. Plenty of sizes.
The early ones will fare best, of
course. Aisle S.
Children's 25c Underwear
Both vests and pants; .g ■■
all styles in the medium I L,. /«
weight Jersey rib. Good 1 .Tf 1
chance to lay IVi a sup- IC/V
ply; 15c a garment, to
day. Aisle 8.
LAST SHIPMENT OF
OPIUM IS UNLOADED
Final Legal Importation of Drug,
Valued at $750,000, May Mark
an Early Renewal of
Smuggling
SAN FRANCISCO, March 23.—The
last shipment of opium that will enter
the United States with the knowledge
and sanction of the federal government
was unloaded from the Orient on the
steamer China today. It consists of 413
tins of the dream-producing drug, val-
ued at $750,000.
Within a few days, and before the
next liner arrives from the far east,
the new law by the tc ms of which the
Importation of opium in its compara
tively reflneu form is absolutely pro
hibited, will go into effect.
It will be a sad day in the Chinese
quater and in all probability it will
mean also the beginning of a season
of greater activity for customs offi
cials, as the days of opium smuggling
are likely to come again.
ATTELL ONCE MORE
WHIPS FRANKIE NEIL
NEW YORK. March 23.—Frankie Neil
of San Francisco was battled around
the ring for ten rounds by Abe Attell in
Brooklyn tonight and when the Carn
ago was over, Attell wus awarded the
decision. Attell outclassed Neil from
the start. He landed almost at will and
although Sf-ankin put up a bravo fight,
he had no chance. Time after time,
Attell landed straight rights and lefts
which cut and bruised Neil's face.
When the battle was over, the beaten
boy looked as though he had been
through a sausage machine which had
sharp knives. '
Stop Those Headaches
Save Your Eyesight
V'tu may be able to
jjjrl 29fek "'"' w"h "ie Kreitest
WK^^^^~3ttßm\ distinctness. and yet
&&@&fatttt&sS&&£ri '"' suftnrlnK from 8«-
J^SjSKS^Sa^Slx r'oU!* eyestraln. The
RBanfin&aN IKHB i■vlilences of this eye
fliw hF^HT strain may be found
■•^^^■P^^y In headaches, ncr
■ vousness, aching eyes,
and even in stomach disturbances and con
stipation. Wo have a long list of such cures.
Read the Testimonials
Miss Jennie Williams, a former; Los An
geles school teacher: "Previous to coming
to you I had taken-a year's vacation be
cause of continuous headaches and ner
vousness, but with no relief when: school
work was resumed. Your treatment ef
fectually cured me of these disturbances."
Mrs. Mcßride, North Grand avenue: "Your
glasses have ■ entirely cured my headaches,
and I can see perfectly." .
Mrs. Slover, San Fernando: "Your, treat
ment of my eyes has given me, a much
needed relief from headaches.", -. ::■, ■ -•';
Miss Myrtle. Wilson, Santa Ana: "The
crossed condition .of <my eyes - has almost
entirely disappeared. Your treatment was
not only promt", but most effective."
No Charge for Examination
We will improve your eyesight If there is
any left, or make no charge. ' No drugs, no
knife, no pain accompanies . our treatment
of the eyes. Our correct examinations and
specially ground lenses are unfailing In their
results. *''■/''*
DR. McCLEERY
Optician and Specialist
455 So. Broadway Ihw 22-24
If s m\ \Mm^mr\i\t\lm^mWßwmTt^tUmfilttm\*mTnr(iflt?fl JiiKT\t i"1" ' V i'>
15c WHITE WAISTINGS
Half price news of great ■■ l'Jl
importance—7V4o for 16c 'J■ /y
white waistings. Great! v; _f 11,
A fine fabric for chll- N ■ *W/
dren's dresses, waists, ■' : .*-i
etc. Assorted plaids to select from.
Third Floor. ;
36-IN. LONGCLOTH
; 12-Yd. Bolts ; c;
The regular 15c qual- fa ■* /* m
ity—that means $1.80 1L B / %
a bolt. It Is the fine, J* l*"^'
soft quality so destr- I|/ M. :
able for ' underwear ■
and baby dresses. Bolts of 12 yards
$1.25 today. ,
10c WHITE INDIA LINON
Only 40 pieces; that means ■■
hurry! It :is a sheer, even k^ /*?
weave quality ' that is a ,TII ■•'
standard value at 10c a yd. \J\j : .
6c is our price for today.
Limit of 10 yards. No phone or
mall orders. •
COTTON PONGEES
MERCERIZED
This Is the fabric of to- v' "1
day for children* dress- r\ /yf-
os, house dresses and ■ l.ia
the like. It's splendid. V^V
Neat figures on blue and -,;i
tan grounds,- 6%a yard for today.
Third Floor.
DRESS GINGHAMS
It's a good, firm quality, f
too. Choose from pretty *». *y.
plaids and checks in blue. ■ HI
pink, red, gray. etc. .You \f\j
never had a better bargain
opportunity—6c yard. Third Floor.
9c MUSLIN
36- In. Unbleached
It is actually worth 9c a am I - vfc,j
yard. A good, firm, .t 1 gy,
close weave. Limit 15
yards to a customer. %J **\j:
Come to the Third Floor ■ — -
for this if you want a real bargain.
Standard Dress Prints
Standard dress prints, 10 to par ,:
20-yard lengths: a variety Ls^ >-« ■
of figures, stripes and r^l-'
plaids in all colors. Come %J\/
early to share in this —5c a
yard today. Third Floor.
"For March Only"
Cut Me Out, I Am
Good for & $2
on full membership in Y. M.
C. A. for Man or Boy, if pre
sented before
April 1,1909
Shoes Half Price and Less
Ovrr two' hundred big display oargain
tables ar« d!«playln« shoe* (or men,
women and children, on sal* In many
Instance* for hair price snd less. &>■•
vtno* yourself and come to th»
MAMMOTH SHOE HOUbS,
IU aontb Brosdwar.
If You're a
Want Ad
Answerer
You're in Good
Company
The people who watch and
answer want ads. are the
most alert, the most hust
ling, the most "canny," the
most practical folks to be
found in the whole city.
They are quick judges of
"chances," instantly scent
ing a bargain or eliminating
a doubtful offer. They
know locations and val
ues in real estate — they
know what things should
cost, no matter what sort of
things they are. -They are
clear-visioned in considering
a business opportunity.
They have gained practi
cal sense from contact with
people who do business
through classified advertis
ing. They have learned
business poise, business in
sight.
The want ads. have given
them a "business education"
—and no business education
is full}' rounded that does
not include experience as an
answerer of want ads.

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