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Los Angeles herald isst f:i> rvkkv mornino BY ' ■ THE HERALD COMPANY ■'»;/«. 018DbN^..................r*e«Wen* SB V. «K. iWOLFE. Managing Editor SM.I W. ALLAN ......' Business Manager Entered *. as ". second-class matter at "- the ■pontofflce In Los Angeles, i - :v I'jrYWß OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN LOS ■V^r-.'i.wj, v:. ■.•'■. . ANGELES. Founded Oct.' t. 1813. - Thirty-sixth year. ■HP®'*. Chamber of Commerce Bnllillng. '"irJ-'.pVnea; Sunset Main 8000: Home 10211. 7-iZ? The only Demoeratlo newspaper In South '■ :■ crn California receiving full Associated Pre»» -':: reports. .*5 ■ NEWS ' SERVICE — of the A»so t 4 elated Pre»«. receiving its full report, aver %* Ming 15.000 words a day. £ EASTERN AGENT— I. P. McKlnney. 604 \ Cambridge building. New York; 811 Boyca l^|bulldlng. Ch lea go. t ' : "JIIATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN ■f. ■ • . DAT MAGAZINE: y~ Dally, by mall or carrier, a month....! .40 ?<; Dally, by mall or carrier, three months. 1.20 Daily, by mall or carrier. «lx months.. 5.85 , ■ Dally, by mall or carrier, one year.... 4.60 1 -'Eunday Herald." one year ■• *o<> ■ « Postage free In United States «nd Mexico; elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND 1 OAKLAND— Angeles and Southern Call ■■ fornia visitors to Ban Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by H Wheat lay and by Amos News Co. \ 1 ■ A file of The Lot Angeles Herald can be •een at the office of our English representa tives, Messrs. E and J Hardy & Co.. 80, I. and S2 Fleet street, London, England, free ■ of charge: and that firm will be glad to re ' ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements on our b»nalf. Population of Los Angeles 302,604 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN (firft&sfiGiA 'jgyiXXiVrj H, RETRORSUM fl) AT THE THfcATERS —Lillian Russell In "Wildfire." BEI.ABCO—"The Dollar Mark." BI'KBANK —"In Guy New York." MAJESTIC—"Friends." GRAND OPERA HOCSB—"The Sultan of Sulu." ORPHEITM— I/OS ANGELES— FISCHER'S— EMPIRE —Vaudeville. UNIQUE"The General's Dilemma." WALKER—Vaudeville. ♦ » » S. P. MISINFORMATION FP. OBJ3KSSON, traffic manager for tho Associated Jobbers of Los • Angeles In predicting: a 6trong possibility of a revolution in freight | rates within the next two years, cays we must go ahead and develop San i Pedro harbor as soon as possible, for | every interior point will attack our position, and we must be able to de fend it with water transportation. In order to show the nature of the mis statements or misrepresentations Los Angeles has to contend against, Mr. Gregson quoted J. C. Stubbs, assistant general freight agent of the Southern Pacific, who, according to Mr. Gregson, at an Interstate commerce commission hearing at Phoenix, Ariz., said Los Angeles does not receive much freight through San Pedro. "I do not believe he was trying to detract from Los Angeles' importance," ■aid Mr. Gregson. "He simply was not posted on conditions." This is a charitable way in which to put it, because a gentleman who is not posted on conditions has no busi ness to talk positively on a subject which has everything to do with the conditions on which he is not posted. Such testimony as this Is not "expert." It is farcical. The Los Angeles consolidation com mittee next Thursday will inspect and Inquire into the possibilities of San Pedro harbor. With gentlemen con nected with the Southern Pacific road making mlsstatements inadvertently and because they ure not posted on conditions it is obviously the duty of the consolidation committee to engage In some missionary work In order that mischief making blundering on the part of Southern Pacific representatives •nay be avoided. The committee should take pains to niako the Southern Pa cific people fully aware of the meaning and purpose of consolidation, otherwise some other Southern Pacific emlssa ries may Inadvertently continue to dis seminate misinformation at the ex pense of Los Angeles, CONQUEST OF AIR Professor 11. La V. Twining of the Polytechnic high school believes the principles o£ hird flight may yet be the principle s of human fiiftht, and that by learning the Icsbon of the birds mankind may solve the problem of independent motion and flight in the upper air. Profi ssor Twining has said the day will ye! come when bird flight, that mysterj which has bafflerf all Investigators, will be attained by Bian, who by means of artificial wings will fly as birds do. In this event, flight will revert to first principles, because the earliest Inventors of whom there is any record trli d to fly with artificial wings. Professor Twlnlng's Inten 11 ing inves tigations will help establish tli premacy of Los Angeles as a ci nter of aerial study and experiment. This is an ideal place for experiments of the kind that must be inui<\ and some of the foremost aeronauts and aeronau tlc student:- of the country in ike then homes and headquarters in this city. It Is probable the conquest of the air may be completed at Los Angeles. YELLOW DREAMERS I' IKE an Arabian Nights Entertain i nient Is the chronicle of the tray ■* els and adventures of Theodore Roosevelt that Is being supplied by the yellow press. L,ike a midsummer night's happy dream Is the real story of the former president's peace ful journey. The strenuous activity of the yellow Journal correspondent Is In some respects admirable. Here is a man who is showing undaunted cour age. He writes unmindful of past, present or future. In his bright lexi con there Is no such word as here after. He Is regardless of conse quences and reckless of results. He evidently believes or has been told It Is. his business to spin yarns for an eager public, and he Is a yarn spinner. Ha Is a traveling flctlonary; a gazettor of Inventions; a recorder of patent Mun chausentsms. His imagination Is his stock In trade. If he could only train himself to throw fits and to entertain recurrent hallucinations ho would be an ideal man for the Job. As It is, he Is constantly showing I signs of his improvement In the gentle, art of cozening the public, and he may yet >reach such a pitch of plausibility that his contributions to matutinal yellow literature may be read with respect, and not with Incredulous Jeers. Up to date the yellow correspondent with Theodore Roosevelt is a Merrle Jest, and when he returns home he must be careful to keep out of the way of the Strenuous One, who upon reading in the newspaper files and clippings the strange and surprising series of grotesque and gyratlonal gambols In which he has been hys terically and unheroically exhibited, will be strongly tempted to turn on his yellow traducer—should he be within arm's reach —and. In the Im mortal words of Wee MacGreegor, "Gio him ane on the neb, twice." BOOTH'S MESSAGE GEN. WILLIAM BOOTH, the patri arch of the Salvation Army, who will celebrate his eightieth birth day next Saturday, has prepared for the American people a message of which it may well and with reverence be said: "He that hath ears to hear, let him hear." "On my eightieth birthday I tell the American people this," says General Booth: "If they will seek the honor of God, the reign of righteousness, tho welfare of the friendless poor, with the same self sacrificing activity with which they seek the wealth and pleasures of this world, they will have a good chance of finding that life of satisfaction which so often eludes them, and of building up a pattern nation for the world to imitate." There are many people who had not the good fortune to be born In the United FUatrs, as well as many citizens trained in Americanism who will sym pathise hrartlly with the spirit of the gray general's message. Los Angeles Herald has repeatedly called attention to existing Inconsist encies between profession and practice, between precept and deed. The princi ples which should guide this nation are defined in carefully chosen language, marked by clearness and simplicity scriptural, indeed, in its direct force fulness and freedom from ambiguity. The keynote of all is that the govern ment of the country should be of popu lar origin, should derive all its powers from the people, and should practice domestic and foreign policies which will be most likely to bring about the greatest good for the greatest number of the people. Tho HeraW has maintained that, sub ject to the modifications and variations produced by circumstances, environ ment and evolution, the fundamental first principles are still active, and should be the only standard by which the surcess of the nation can be de termined. America should not be Judged by other nations, "lesser breeds without the law," as many of them well might be termed, because we have THE LAW that should govern our national as well as our individual conduct. We must be Judged only by our own self-set 6tandards, not by the perform ances or failures of other nations which have made no pretext of an ethical trend in government; and are not liv ing up to an established and defined standard, but are still groping, experi menting, stiimbllng and blundering. The great advantage America enjoys over other nations, an advantage which Is similar to that which for a long time, and until materialism betrayed and ruined it, was enjoyed by the He brew nation, is that she has a written code of ethics by which the national and the individual conduct should be guided. AQUEDUCT WORK HOW MUCH greater and more just ly renowned are the victories of peace than those of war is again being exemplified by the LO3 Angeles aqueduct construction work, which is being rushed along at a record break in;; pace. The American thirty-one day tunnel record for boring excavation in hard rock with two shifts at work has been broken; and twice in succession Hie American three-shift record has been broken. J. B. Lippineott, assist ant chief engineer, is quoted aa having ■aid: "The speed is most surprisnig, and while tabulations are not available, ,the nun feel confident that they lave cut a notch a little bit higher than any before them." While to a .skilled observer like Mr. Lippineott the speed is most surpris ing 1, the public will refuse to be sur prised by it, for the good people of Los Angeles have become accustomed to record breaking feats, and while they may be elated over new achievements they are not surprised. The Herald cxte/lds to all the chief:;, departmental heads and foremen and workmen who are rendering- distin guished service in the aqueduct con struction its heartiest congratulation!. The community appreciates the effi ciency and fidelity to duty that are be ing shown by the 1 aqueduct force. LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 6, 1909. Those Thrilling Adventures \V /^^~ r^^^^^&zZ vmsiS cot' ROO3EV/El-T assassinated!^ » PUBLIC OFFICE MAYOR ALEXANDER has select ed for his associates on the po lice board S. C. Graham, chair man of the recall campaign committee, a prominent reformer who takrs an active Interest in the improvement and the true greatness of Los Angeles; D. K. Trask, formerly Judge of the su perior court, one of the ablest attor neys and best known Jurists in the state; J. J. Andrews, one of the sign ers of the minority grand Jury report, which helped to bring about the Im proved condition In local official life which exists today, and John Tdpham, foreman for the Union Oil company, who Is well known for his conscien tiousness and Integrity. The mayor Is determined to Invite the best men available to serve on his commissions, and announces that henceforth he will refuse to take "no" lor an answer. He says he will draft his commissioners; that the men he names will be expected to serve, and there will be no backing out. In this attitude with respect to men for the public service the mayor asks and expects the public to support him. The mayor says the responsibility Is not entirely his, and that it can hardly be expected commissions will be of the right sort unless good citizens are will ing to serve on the boards or to assist In making selections. He was particu larly anxious that the police commis sion and police force should be brought up to a high state of efficiency. He says many important changes are needed if the police force is to "be im proved. A strong police commission will bring about the necessary reform?. "We cannot have good commissions If the right kind of citizens refuse to serve on them," he said in an inter view. "Surely we have eminent and qualified men in Los Angeles who will be willing—as they should be for the city's good—to sacrifice something for the common cause of good govern ment." Public service is one of the duties of good citizenship. We hope our worthy mayor will be loyally helped In his endeavors to provide for Los Angeles a square deal administration and that the men of his choice will serve in the offices for which he be lieves they are best fitted. Public office Is a public duty as well as a public trust. OUR LABOR TEMPLE LOS ANGELES has been architect urally enriched by the zealous enthusiasm of union labor, which has added to the splendid buildings for which our city la famous a mag nificent labor temple, In many respects unique in its methods of construction, and a model for all buildings of this type, or Indeed for all club or sociable headquarters buildings which may hereafter be erected in the United States. In the auditorium iloor, which may be easily lowered or raised in or der to provide a complete floor surface or a floor and platform, there is a new idea which should become popular. In deed, the predominant feature of the fine temple Is Its all around usefulness. It Is practical, and at the same time !t is artistic. A celebrated artist was once asked t tell with what he mixed his colors in order to obtain the wonderful ef fects which made his canvases excep tionally valuable. His reply was: "With brains, sir." The labor temple h;is been built and equipped "with brains, sir." It represents the prac tical application of good, original Ideas, and it also represents an im menso amount of planning, of perse vering, and of that sterling loyalty to the cause for which union labor men are justly noted. The faith that re moves obstacles as big as mountains is the same kind of faith that has built the magnificent labor temple of which Los^Anjjelea may well be proud. t Pipe Visions for the Longest Least i.idi GAMBLING RACE TRACK gambling in Cali fornia is reluctantly gasping its last at Santa Anita park. The bookmakers and their gambling allies are husbanding lire's taper at the dose. It Is admitted the anti-gambling law cannot be outwitted, so the bookies are preparing to move on. No on* will regret the exodus of the gambling in dustry from California. It is perhaps somewhat unjust that only one form of gambling should have been ban ished and that others should be tol erated. The day may come when the conscience of the community will be aroused dnd when all.games of chance will be suppressed forever in the Unit ed States. In spite of reforms effected here and there, reforms like that which his cleaned the race track gambling evil out of California, there are still va rieties of gambling which are not only tolerated but encouraged. How disgraceful It is to a great pro gressive nation that Its very food sup ply should provide material for gi gantic gambling deals, hazards of for tune which make or mar the operators, sometimes in a few days, sometimes within a few hours. This nation will be much better off and much more prosperous when the economic system Is absolutely unmenaced or unimpaired at any point or In any respect by the gambling evil. Dr. Robert J. Burdette says drunk enness Is the only vice that tells a man the truth the flrst^ time it meets him. In spite of its engaging frank ness, it is a gay deceiver. By the way, the question of temperance reform narrows Itself down to this: Is In toxicating liquor responsible for drunkenness? We apologize for put ting the matter so baldly and so seem ing foolishly, but ofttimes In rude fol ly there is wisdom. Congressman McLachlan may get his steamship bill through the house at this extra session, but not unless he is solidly supported by the united coast. California has many Important plans and projects, but none more far reaching than provision for a steam ship line which would check the ac quisitive activities of the railroad grab-all. ' The statesman who managed to get the woyien of America really interest ed In the tariff deserves the thanks of ■the nation. Tariff reformers are now certain of the support of a powerful though voteless army of allies. The Filipinos are taking an active part in the tariff debate. When we marvel at the "smartness" of those wards of Uncle Sum we should not for get they are closely related to the Japanese. Los Angoles women are eagerly sign ing the protest against the proposed Increase in the tariff on hosiery. They say the I'ayne bill gives them one. (Subtle joke.) International court at The Hague has already saved mankind several wars. It is the highest and most useful tribunal on earth. When Los Angeles becomes Greater Los Angeles it will be well on the way toward becoming the greatest city of the west. \ May 9 will be mothers' day. It will be celebrated in a most practical way by the creation of a fund for destitute mothers. Yes, George Alexander was the peo ple's choice for mayor. The statement is founded on figures, not sentiment. Old Indian fighters are forming an organization. They will probably be known as the Great Unsealpef The State Press Demoralizing Influence In Mexico the director of public edu cation has just made the remarkable discovery that to nllow teachers and pupils to Wltneai bull fights has a tendency to "harden the minds of students and make them unfit for citi zenship." This announcement Is a long time in coming, but augusr well for a change in ideals in Mexico. The edu cator goes on to affirm that the bull ring has been largely responsible for the decline of Spain as a world power. —Humboldt Standard. Beautiful California The winter tourists who are still lin gering in Southern California, and the homeseekers coming at low rates made by the railways for colonists, now see this part nf the state at its best. As a result of the abundant rains, the hills, dry nnd brown six months or more of the year, are covered with flowers and verdure.—San Dleso Union. Cabinet Discretion Mum's the word In the cabinet of the now president and if there is to be a"hy talking done it will be done by the president himself. That is sensible. If all the cabinet members were al lowed to give out cabinet information it would soon be a messed up affair. — Tulare Advance. • -4— Bird Life The state, as well as the nation, should do all In Its power to protect bird life as we have it from wanton destruction. There are few varieties that do harm. They all do an im mense amount of pood, and should be honored^for it.—Fresno Republican. -<5— Governess of Oregon A woman is to be appointed acting governor of Oregon and still the eman cipettes are not satisfied. They never will be quiet until they get at least a near president.—Redwood City Dem ocrat. Rights Rights of the land extend upward to the top of things and some day the airships will .run across signs reading: "Keep Off This Sky Patch! Richard Roe, Owner!" —Frultvalo Progress. —— Mecca Colonist travel for the coming season has now set In, and California will be the Mecca of eastern tourists for the next few months.—Modesto News. Short.Lived The sheath gown has gone. And there nre none to mourn its demise. — Humboldt Standard. Far and Wide World.Conquering Language The English language has long been predominant over the French. In 1890 there were no fewer than 111,1*>0,000 English-speaking persons in the civil ized world, while those speaking French numbered 51,200,000. Since that time, statisticians say, there has been considerable increase in the use of English over French. It Is, in fact, rapidly Bpreadlng to every corner of the. globe.—Kansas City Star. Commission Stung Members of the country life commis sion paid their own expenses and now must pay for printing the report, as congress refused to make an appro priation for the purpose. No one pro poses to pass the hat among the farm ers.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Two Impressive Decisions It is said to be decided by the treas ury department that Henry Hudson did not discover the Hudson river. But the authority of the same department that frogs' logs are dressed poultry seems likely to have a more binding effect.—Plttsburg Dispatch. Making It Worth While Observing that its power to collect finis from trusts is fully established, Texas raiEes the amount of the fine from $50 a day to $1500, just to make tho work of collection more remunera tive to the state than to the trusts. — Plttsburg Dispatch. Play Ball When tho inauguration is over, the baseball season will occupy the coun try's undivided attention.—Cleveland Leader. AMERICAN TARIFF LAWS IX- Whig Tariff of 1842 FREDERIC J. HASKIN TKRE was a more bitter fight over the tariff in 1842 than in any other year in American hißtory. It was not so much a fight between the par ties in congress as It was between the president and congress. That body passed one bill, which was promptly vetoed. Then it passed another, and the presidential foot was set on It as firmly as on the first. It was only on the third attempt that congress was r-^:;.,, r ]l ■nan. ':*"-e^jl able to produce a bill that would pitss muster at the White House. That bill be camo the Whig tar iff law of 1842. In the presidential campaign of 1840 the .Whig leaders concluded that It would be wise to use the soft pedal on the tariff ques tion, anil therefore turned down-Henry Clay and nominated "Tlpp-^anoe and Tyler, too." Harri son and Tyler w ore milder protection ists than was Clay. Harrison fell a vic tim to the horrible weather of Inaugu ration day, and Tyler soon became president. Tyler was a Whig, stood for protection, and for tho general policies F. J. Haakln of the Whigs. But he waa not as much of a Whig ns his party asso ciates wanted him to be, and a break followed, the result of which was that Tyler became less a Whig and more of a Democrat than ever. The hard times that followed the crash of 1837 caused the receipts of the government to fall off, and finally to Pink below the expenditures, just aa the panic of 1907 brought about a similar condition. Before the worst years of the financial stress of the late thirties the revenues had become redundant. The sales of public lands, added to the other receipts of the gov ernment, had piled up a surplus that had to be got rid of. To accomplish this It was decided to deposit with the states $40,000,000 of the surplus, and it was not expected that thpy should re turn it—an expectation that was fully realized. It Is needless to follow al! these matters- further than to state thai the historians whose works are regarded as Impartial agree that the clay compromise was not responsible for the hard times which lasted until 1842. though they assert that the act of 1812 did serve to produce the good limes that followed its enactment. The Important reductions of the tariff under the Clay compromise were not to tako place until that year. The treasury was palling too close to the wind for the nation's financial safety and It became necessary to enact a law that would prevent those reductions going into effect. With a deficit show- Ing before reductions were mado, it was obvious that their taking effect would serve only to swell that deficit. To meet the exigencies of the occasion an act was passed putting most of the articles that had been on the free list Into the class which required a 20 per cent duty, and bringing other du ties up to that standard. It was not expected that even this upward re vision of the tariff would suffice to cover the defllrit, but it was designed to be a makeshift until a regular measure could be adopted. It came to be known as the "little tariff bill." The president promptly vetoed this measure. To understand why he did so, reference must be made to the so called "distribution act" alluded to above. At this time thn government was selling Its public lands, and when •♦he treasury was full to overflowing, this act was passed, providing for the distribution to the states of all the money received from tho sale of these lands. The measure had In it a pro viso, however, to the effect that when ever It became necessary to revise the tariff upward In order to secure more revenue, this distribution should be suspended so long as that higher tariff remained In force. It was in tended to protect the treasury anil ob viate higher tariff taxes. The "little tariff bill" repealed this proviso, mak ing the distribution to continue whether the tariff was raised or not, and whether the treasury could spare the funds or not. This led President Tyler to veto the measure, his position being that so long as the treasury needed the money for currert expenses The Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intruded for publication mult be accompanied by tbe name and address of the writer. The Herald give* the widewt latitude to orrespond «nu. but assumes do responsibility (or thrlr views. Letters must not exceed 300 word*. PITTSBURGH EXAMPLE SET FORTH AS SOLEMN WARNING LOS ANGELES, April 4.—[Editor Herald]: Collier's calls attention to "The Pittsburg Survey," whictf it says, Is rounding up Its study, so ac curate and thorough, into the condi tions of the American steel worker. Here is the extract it gives from the repprt: "The unadorned fact remains that In our most highly developed Industrial community, where the two greatest in dividual forUines in history have been made, and where the foundations of the two most powerful business cor porations have been laid, the mass of the workers in the master Indus try are driven as large numbers of laborers, whether slave or free, have scarcely before in human history been driven." What an encouragement all this Is to building up a rich manufacturing center in Los Angeles! However, we have a large number of persons In this community who can talk your head off about mind and matter, Chris tian Science and spiritualism, to say nothing of the ability to quote the scriptures from Genesis to Revelations. Add to these the good people who are positive that everything will be lovely when the Friday Morning club has put its hand to the woman suffrage movement, and that curious sect that has as Its main tenet the doctrine that there would be no poverty if the miser able workman did not drink, and we have a sufficient bulwark against the repetition of the history that Pitts burg has been making. ECONOMIST. LET NO TARIFF REFORMER LAY HANDS ON SAUERKRAUT LOS ANGELES, April I.—[Editor Herald]: During all the years since the Dtngley tariff and the McKlnley tariff schedules have be«n Jn effect— and both acts took their names from the congressmen who introduced them —there has been a continued running fire against many provisions in the levy of rates. The New England man ufacturers were said to have been be- It was not expedient to turn It over to Dip states. With this bill vetoed, congress sot to work to framo another. A majority, possibly, tv In v niood to pass the bill over Tyler's veto, but found that the neCMMry two-thirds In both brancbM could not bo obtained. In the preparation of tho iiecond act the re peal of the. distribution proviso was again tied to It, congress evidently thinking that the president would not (hire assume the onus of vetoing a sec ond bill, even if in approving It he would have to provide for the repeal of the inhibition ngainst distributing the proceeds of land sales to the states. But In that, congress reckoned without its boat, for Tyler promptly vetoed the measure. He took the ground that it was not proper to dis tribute the proeueds of land sales to tho states so long as they were needed to meet the current expenditures of the government Mini that the distribu tion act itself had provided for Just that contingency. Therefore, he held, congress could not intimidate him into signing a repeal of that provision by attaching hucli repeal as a rider to a tariff measure. The anger aroused In congress by the secret service messages of President Roosevelt was only a mild form of irritation beside the wrath of the Twenty-seventh congress at this sec ond veto from President Tyler. Ex treme measures were resorted to. John Quincy Adams, who had not got along any too well with congress when he was president, waa now a member of that body, and was made chairman of tho committee that was to apply the congressional slipper to the refractory president. The committee went so far as to propose a constitutional amend ment permitting congresß to override a veto by a majority vote. It also held , that Tyler should be impreached. Tyler sent in a protest, which was treated with studied disdain. Meanwhile, enough votes could not be secured to Override the veto, and the second tariff bill passed by the Twenty-seventh congress was retired to the limbo of laws that might have been. The period that followed was one of the stormiest ever witnessed in the congress of tho United States. So closely drnwn werfl the lines of bat tle that almost a hair turned the bal ance. It whs first planned to divest the vetood measure of tho objectionable rider repealing tho proviso against distribution of the proceeds of land sales, but there were Whigs who pre ferred no tariff at all rather than one which prevented the distribution of tho land funds to the states, and there were Democrats who would rather see things remain in their upset condition than have congress pass a tariff law which Tyler could sign. However, there were patriotic members of both parties who labored strenuously to pass a proper tariff measure —and aftet repeated defeats they were finally able to score the ultimate victory. The expedient by which the vetoed tariff bill was finally got before the limiimk again was to divest It of the "distribution; 1 clause, and then offer it as a substitute for some unimportant measure of another nature that was pending. Such a narrow margin be tween the two forces in congress has seldom been seen. There was the wild est confusion. The vote on engrossing the bill was announced to be, yeaa 100, nays 101. On the verification of this vote It was found to be a tie. Speaker White, a Kentuckian, thereupon voted "no," and declared the bill rejected. A reconsideration was moved and ordered, by a vote of 106 to 98. Again the ques tion of engrossment was voted on and It waa»carrled by a vote of 103 to 102. The speaker again exercised his right to vote, which produced a tie, and he declared tho bill rejected. Then a member who had not voted, claimed the right to do so and voted in favor of engrossment. Another followed suit, and the bill was declared passed by a vote of 105 to 103. After a number of amendments wero tacked on by tho senate the vote on engrossing the bill was taken and stood 24 to 23. That was tho test vote. This Is probably the only time In the history of the country that any measure of such importance over got through on so close a margin. The change of a single vote at either end of the capltol would have prevented Its passage. The house accepted all of the amendments of the senate, and the act was promptly approved by the president. (Copyright, 190», by rrederlo J. Hukln) Tomorrow—American Tariff lam. X—Walker Tariff for Revenue Only. hind the Dingley bill, supplemented by the Pennsylvania and the New Jersey manufacturers. The Pennsylvania and New Jersey manufacturers were aaid to have been behind the McKinley tariff, aided by the New England manufacturers. All were patriotically enlisted to protect our Infant industries, and most every thing that could be thought of belong ing to the "Infant" class was listed for a share of assessment. The free list was not very large, but for many years every tariff reviser left sauerkraut on the free schedule, and that succulent vegetable luxury has assumed a standing all its own, and al ways makes its presence apparent and stands against "infant" American sauerkraut manufactories, hard and fast. Let us hope that our tariff revisers will not "disturb business" by interfer ing with the sauerkraut trade. Think what a calamity might be invited to this country of ours if that wonderful product and import from the cabbage country should be interfered with. It might lead to serious international dis turbances with the German kaiser, with whom we are at present on terms of amity. Let us be forewarned in time. RANDALL H. HEWITT. HIS HONORED NAME He wandered from the little town A dozen years or more ago; He hopod he might achieve renown, And fancied he was doing so; He thought of those who stayed behind To toil unsenn and die unknown, While he, more fortunate than they. Was mounting upward day by day And claiming laurels as his own. He went back, when he thought hla fam« Had spread to every land and clime. When ho supposed his honored name Had been exalted for all time— When he believed that every man From 11 ml am s I to Hackensack And from Spokane to Ispahan Must know that few were greater than He had become, he traveled back. An ancient settler met him where He lingered when the train had gone; "Well, Dan'l Blnks, I do declare!" The old man murmured, "Well, I (wan! I'm glad to see you hack ag'ln, I am, by gum! You're lookln' prims- Bay, Dan'l, If the Question's fair. What you been drlrln' at, and where Have you been stayln" all this timeT" —8. B. Klsor, in Chicago Record-Herald.