Newspaper Page Text
Los Angeles Herald E^BMIBSCED. EVERT MORNING BY : **»«?«,;,,THE HERALD COMPANY ■ T. E. GIBBON ....; President r. E. WOLFE.'.;-......,'. .Managing Editor I*. W. ALLAN ...........Business Manager ,: Entered as secondrdass matter at the pos tofflce, In Los Angeles. __ f;f*J OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN LOS HWjW-»Wr»tf'-i ■ ANGELES '■■*■■ Founded Oct. *, 18**8. Tlilrty-slx.l* year. BOB^/. Chamber of Commerce Building. - Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratic newspaper In South ern Calif receiving full Associated Press | reports. ~->»:~- \ - ■ .- • ■ ■ i.?i NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving its full report, aver | aging 25,000 Words a day. ____ EASTERN AGENT— P. McKinney. 604 /Cambridge building. New York; 311 Boyce I building, Chicago. ■ _ RATES- OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN ?v. -,:..-' : DAT MAGAZINE: j Daily, by mail or carrier, a month....* .« /'Dally, by mail or carrier, three months, 1.-0 ■ Dally, by mall or carrier, six months.. 2.3» .Dally, by mall or carrier, one year 4.60 Sunday Herald, one year ••••• *-°« ■•< Postage free in United States and Mexico, lelsewhere postage added. "THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND ■ OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak- D land will find The Herald on sale at the ; news stands in the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets in Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. - .'-A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be seen at the office of our English representa tives, Messrs E. and .T. Hardy A Co., 30. 31 and 33 Fleet street. London, England, free I Of charge; and that firm will be g)ad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements j on our behalf. __, ***J 1 Population of Los Angeles 307,322 (CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN ■$■ • — H t retrorsum m AT THE THEATERS MASON OI'ERA HOl'SE—Dark. ( BELASCO"The Dollar. .Mark." BURBANK —"In Gay New York." MAJESTIC"The Matchmakers." (IRANI) . OPERA HOUSE—"The Tourists." ORI'HKOI — Vaudeville. LOS —Vaudeville. —Vaudeville. - FISCHER'S— UNlQUE—"Ryan's Tarty." WALKER — ►** — I EASTER T ET us be glad and rejoice in Eas- I J* ter. It is not worth while in quar ■ ter. It is not worth while to quar fJLl ci over the origin of this great celebration. It may be an old pagan festival mixed up with Christianity. It may be the Hebrew Passover mixed up with Christianity. But all it means to our civilization is connected with the story of the Cross, and for Christians It is a commemoration of the triumph of their religion. And what a triumphal progress Is that jof the ever-growing church through the ages! Rent into factions innumerable, di vided by many quarrels, some of Which are fantastic and trivial; but united by a common belief in the fundamental principles and doctri: es of the faith of the fathers, the Christian church, many but one, "whether it be of Paul or Apollos," of Peter or of Luther, of Cranmer or of Knox, of Cromwell or of Booth, goes marching on, conquering and to conquer, constantly annexing new territory, steadily winning the world. All the joy that Is in Easter is resur rection Joy. It Is springtime in the colder regions, flower time in Califor nia. It Is the time when lilies bloom, And clouds arc highest up In air. Humanity, in response to the urge of nature, bedecks itself with new finery. In California, Easter is ideal. The weather Is perfect. The landscape is at Its best. The finest state In the Union is at its finest. Every Californlan has cause to be thankful. Life here should be on a higher plane than in any other part of the country. Here there is no excuse for sordid meanness, for petty selfishness, for picayune policies that produce lack of harmony. It is a broad gauge state, for broad-gauge men; and here should be practiced from year's end to year's end the civic virtues ; which will give effect to the first prin ciples of Americanism and bring about the greatest good for the greatest num ber and a square deal for everybody. "Welcome, happy morning!" Los An geles Herald sends its readers Easter greetings and wishes that every new hope Which will inspire their hearts to day may be realized. PACIFIC COSTUMERS DURING 1908 the Asiatic trade of the United States amounted to $325,119,338, of which $195,271,552 represented imports, and $129,847,786 ex ports. it. averaged over $27,000,000 a month. Our leading individual cus tomer is Japan, which takes 138,624,781 worth of goods. Japanese China took $2,631,500 worth more, bringing the total up to $36,256,281. The- second individual customer is Australasia, which bought $32,792,642 worth; but when to the Aus tralasian figures are added those relat ing to other Pacific and Asiatic coun tries In the British empire, Japan must take second place. The British empire in Asia and the Pacific bought $42,482, --933 worth of goods. According to the figures, we could more easily afford to lose the oriental trade of all the world excepting Britain and Japan than to lose the trade of Britain and Japan. A war with either country would be ruinous to many departments of American industrial or commercial activity. ' , As far as its effect on trade would bo concerned it would be more costly and more disastrous to industrial west ern America than a war with all the rest of the world combined. War with either of our (-real Pacific and Asiatic customers and friends is unthinkable. ■ ■■ CITY CLUB LOS ANGELES HERALD congratu lates the City club on its : new officers. Its president, John..' D. Works; its first vice president, Frank G. Finlayson; its second vice president, S. C. Graham; its secretary, Frank G. Henderson; its treasurer, Stoddard Jess, and the new members of its board of governors, Gilbert S. Wright and Dr. Sherwln Gibbons, are all represen tative citizens, whose disinterested loy alty to the club and the community may be depended on. We say the club and the community; for It is difficult to regard the City club as other than an auxiliary branch of the city govern ment, an advisory body, pledged to care for the interests of the majority of the voters, the mass of citizens and tax- payers. -. We commend to the careful attention of our readers the following passages from Meyer Llssner's excellent address on "Reform In Los Angeles, Retrospec tive, Prospective": "There should be a Good Government club In every precinct in the city, of which the earnest, active workers in the precinct should be officers, and each of these precinct clubs should be en titled to one representative in the coun cils of the Good Government league. THE RECALL IS ALL RIGHT. IT HAS COME TO STAY. REACTION ARIES WOULD BETTER LET IT ALONE. IT WILL NEVER BE SUR RENDERED. If ever the people are compelled to choose between saloons and mlsgovernment on the one hand and no saloons and good government on the other, they will vote to close the saloons. The most dastardly thing that was done in the recall campaign (and it has been done in other campaigns in the city of Los Angeles), a thing that is absolutely subversive of one of the fundamental principles of our American institutions, was the attempt to preju dice the minds of many voters against cur campaign and against the men con nected with It the movement on ac nected'with the movement on account of religious and racial considerations." GREATER LOS ANGELES Hf\ REATER LOS ANGELES!" It Hold the thought.- Realize what it will mean to California and the United States. .Consolidation will give the Pacific coast one of the greatest cities of the Union. The very fact that the future of Los Angeles will be assured by consolidation will make that step more beneficial from a. busi ness point of view. Confidence in continued growth and prosperity will tend to stimulate growth and Increase prosperity. Since the predominant thought of every resi dent of Los Angeles is that the city is bound to grow and to flourish, it will certainly grow and flourish. Since cit izens have made up their minds that Greater Los Angeles, with its fine sea port, San, Pedro, will be the leading maritime city of the west, it is certain Greater Los Angeles will be the prin cipal maritime city of the west. It can no longer be ifrged that the growth of Los Angeles is accidental, fortuitous or phenomenal. Of course it is phenomenal; but It is more. It is an assured and constant circumstance] attending the history of Los Angeles. The city is still being made and is only in an early stage of its making. It is for this reason a speedy increase of population to a half million may be predicted with confidence. And Great er Los Angeles will be the maritime, commercial, industrial metropolis of the west. CONSUMPTION CURABLE NOBLE indeed is the work in which IV the National Association for the ■*-' Study and Prevention of Tuber culosis is engaged. After much obser vation and experiment, it has reached a conclusion which is positive, and should have most beneficial effects in reversing a current of thought which is responsible for much mischief and in changing a mental habit far more deadly than any disease. The National association is announc ing, and is asking the newspapers of the United States to announce, con sumption is curable. Consumption owed its deadllness to the fact per sons attacked by it succumbed almost immediately: that is to say, if they did not die In a short time, they died after a while. Some had stronger bodies than others: but when patients of weak physique made up their minds they must die, why, they died of what is called "galloping consumption." Stron ger persons lingered, and it >vould be said of them they "put up a good fight" against the disease, a fight that some times lasted for years. However, as they had made up their minds they must die of consumption, and had read and thought about the various '-stages'' of the disease until they had mentally arranged for themselves a program of gradual extinction which, barring acci dents, was followed faithfully, It was j Impossible to make them change their minds, and of course equally Impossible to cure them. Attacking the disease from this point of view, the anti-tuberculosis society is already working wonders— that is to say, it is persuading people to stop thinking an attack of tuberculosis is a sentence of death. It is not at all im probable teat it people would studi ously adopt the same mental attitude with regard to toothache which has become habitual with them when con sumption is mentioned, the ravages of toothache would shortly he frightful, and the mortality from this causa very grea-f'. Fresh air, rest and wholesome food with the aid of tuberculin will cure consumption. Los Angeles Wholesale Dry Good association is taking the local leader ship in the opposition to the enor mously Increased tariff proposed on the cotton stockings used by all Ameri cans of moderate means. It Is pointed out that this provision of the Payne bill will create a trust In stockings, and every family in the land will be taxed with higher prices for inferior goods to fatten the purses of a few favored manufacturers. - ' . ■' , . ' - LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 11. lftOO- "Gittin' Durned Expensive!" y- '. y . . * y iv * . *■ COAST EQUIPMENT A BILL asking for five coast light and signal equipments for the Cal ifornia coast has been introduced by Senator Perkins. A revolving light and keeper's quarters are asked for Point Firmin, light and fog signals for Anacapa island, fog signals and keeper's quarters for Point Hueneme, fog signals and keeper's quarters for Point Loma, and revolving light, signal and keeper's quarters for Santa Bar bara. With the coast well equipped with lights and signals and with San Pedro, one of the safest and best harbors in the world, coastwise shipping will be greatly encouraged. Government steamship lines and a thoroughly safe coast will be of great advantage to California. It is to be hoped, and, In deed, it is expected Washington will deal generously with us in the matter of safeguarding our shore. It is not a dangerous shore. The stern and rock bound coast of the Atlantic is far more perilous. But it is not yet as familiar to the merchants and shippers'of the world as is the Atlantic coast, and the news that every possible precaution is be ing taken to reduce to a minimum the risks of navigation in California wa ters should have the effect of inspiring with confidence the maritime mercan tile interests of the world and of giving rates of maritime Insurance that will encourage California commerce. FREE COUNTRIES WHEN we realize that Madame Helena Modjeska, one of the most brilliant, talented, gifted and cultured women who ever lived was forbidden' to live in her native land, we have an appreciation of the meaning of the word "liberty." There is so much freedom in the United States and the British empire that many citizens have ceased to value it. They "take it for granted." They don't know what it means. Americans hear or they read with only languid interest or amused smiles how an un sophisticated friend made a tour ot Europe; how he was thoroughly at home and unlnterfered with and had a "bully good time" in Scotland, Ireland and England, and how, when he set foot on the continent, troubles began that were of a nature of which he had not even dreamed. He was cross-ques tioned here, halted there while his bag gage was searched, "held up" in an other place until he could prove to the satisfaction of a pompous official who had never heard of George Washington that he was himself, and was not trav eling with a passport stolen from a tourist who (cheerful thought) had been murdered in a backwoods village. They read or hear how he .fell and scratched his face, and was imprisoned and registered as a suspect because he no longer resembled the photograph which accompanied the passport; and how, when he was about to be sent to the mines or an isolated fortress as an anarchist, he' was rescued in the nick of time by the united efforts of the American and British consuls, and put under the guardianship of commls- the border saved him from further an noyance, or the possible risk or incon venience of being kidnaped. When we realize that, as in the case of the gifted and lamented Mod jeska, thousands of men and women are residents of the United States and the British empire because they are not allowed to live in their own countries and are not safe In any lands but ours, we see the word liberty in a new light. Nothing more awful could befall the children of men than to have the "free countries" conquered. Meanwhile, these countries are the beneficiaries of the narrow, penny wise, short-sighted methods of most of the continental governments, for the history of the republic and the empire shows they are both deeply indebted to European refugees or descendants of refugee fam ilies. Statesmen, business men, artists, bankers of the refugee class have con tributed to the wealth and greatness of the free peoples, and to European tyranny we owed our lamented adopted citizen, Madame Modjeska. Roosevelt denies . the . interview in which he was quoted as having said: "I have fought oil, kings -and steel kings; they tried to break my back, but my back Is still Intact." It was a pleasing interview, and we do not think Col. Roosevelt will repudiate its senti ments. ".,.•.. PAYNE PUZZLE NO provision of the Payne tariff i\ will cause more comment, sur -*-' mise and suspicion than v that which puts petroleum on the free list. Wary citizens, mindful of the history of Standard Oil and of its reputation for direct or indirect association with Republican influences at election time, will be so suspicious of the fact that petroleum is put on the free list that they will say Timeo Danaos an dona ferentes. We must beware of the "Greeks" even when they are bring ing presents, and it seems incredible that the Republican organization, the national machine, should have turned traitor to Its benefactor. This political treason arouses suspicion, even al though it is true the public service ren dered by the treason, if frank and out right treason it be, and not a treason to a trust with a treason to the people adroitly concealed within the trust treason is very great. We are not ungracious when we put a query mark beside the action of the house with regard to the Standard Oil trust. It seems to be too good to be true. What motive could the Repub licans have had for going back on old John D.? '':", i.'vV:. ' The theory that .a benevolent govern ment Is trying to rescue the people from the trusts Is not tenable, because the same benevolent government has protected the sugar trust. Why make fish of the Rockefellers and flesh of Havemeyer and Spreckels? What Is the Inside history and the true mean ing of the inconsistent and puzzling Payne bill? 1: * By the death of F. Marion Crawford literature has lost one of its most bril liant exponents. , He was one of the few men who managed to make a suc cessful and lucrative business of novel writing; and it is believed several of his books have permanent value and that one at least will become a classic. When we say there were no "great" American novelists in modern times do not let us forget the author of "Mr. Isaacs" and "Saracinesca." E. P. Gregson, traffic manager for the Associated Jobbers of Los Angeles, says the Wright act, under which Cali fornia railroads are carrying inter state traffic, contains a joker in a pro vision which in plain language means that when a railroad clerk, officer or employe quotes an erroneous rate to a shipper the railroads are protected in it and cannot be penalized. Jokers are never jocular in their consequences. Algernon Charles Swinburne, the poet, is dead. His death Is likely to have a paradoxical effect. It will cause a revival of his works. In the opinion of most of the scholars and critics of the' civilized world he should have been made poet laureate Instead of the obscure and turgid person who received that honor. But in England, as In the United States, political pull is more effective than merit. -__ Again the monthly report shows births in Los Angeles are more numer ous than deaths. This has been the case month after month for several years, and in this respect, as In many others, the record of Los Angeles is unrivaled in the civilized world. Two fine Japanese cruisers are on their way to San Pedro. This sounds formidable, but their mission is one of friendliness, peace and good will, so let's give them three banzais and a tiger. Hocli dor mikado! Los Angeles has reason to be pleased with the progress of the construction of tho federal building, which will be one of the finest In the west, a fitting ar chitectural ornament for Greater Los Angeles. A critic says the only part of Chris tian civilization that fits the Chinese character at every turn is draw poker. But what connection is there between Christian civilization and draw poker? New York city alone used 25,000,000 Easter eggs. This should give an idea of the magnitude of the chicken in dustry in the United States. ,:■/'< Progressive Spain .--, The rest of the world has fallen Into the habit of regarding Spain as the most backward of the countries of Western Europe. But other nations might profitably examine the system of public schools that Spain is estab lishing.—Boston Globe. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. The State Press Angel of Peace / If Tolstoy ever brings out a new edi tion of "War and Peace" he ought not to overlook one day's work by Con gressman Hobson. That active gentle man Introduced on March 15 two bills, two joint resolutions, and one con current resolution, all looking to the end of making this country go about armed to the teeth seeking some na tion with which it may make a lasting peace.—San Jose Herald. , , . -*- ■' Unnecessary Attaches -• That for years California legislatures have been expending thousands of dol lars of public money for unnecessary attaches has been conclusively proved at the session- just brought to a close. At a cost of $500 for each house, about half of what was paid two years ago, both assembly and senate have had better employes and better ser vice.—San Luis Obispo Breeze. Taft Chair If President Taft should come to Redlands and be officially welcomed | here, we will probably have to have a j chair built to order to accommodate his several hundred pounds, more or less, of flesh. The Taft chair would be a memento worth having, not only I for its memories, but it would be big enough to servo the ordinary family as a settee.—Redlands Review. s> Bryce Over-Sanguine British Ambassador Bryce says that we are just awakening to the thought that we are the trustees of posterity. If he had taken note of the enormous bonded Indebtedness of some of our great cities he would have changed his views.—Fresno Herald. Would Baffle Diogenes The impression one gets from a pe rusal of the San Francisco papers leads to the belief that should the late lamented Mr. Diogenes visit that city his trip would be useless except as an educational experience.—Palo Alto Tribune..... _^_. Gambling Banned .--'. Nevada's legislature has placed the ban on gambling of all descriptions, adding, as a parting thought, the aris tocratic game of bridge whist.— Francisco Globe. Pasadena Sasses Harriman Mr. Harriman intimates that Pasa dena is provincial and self-centered. Mr. Harriman should stay a few weeks and get acquainted.—Pasadena Star. ... «->-«. >■ '■:• Far and Wide Latest, Not Last The other day a special train was fitted with a wireless apparatus and between Cleveland and Chicago re ceived and sent 800 words. The bar ber shop on the train was fitted up as a wireless station and wires were car ried to receiving instruments on the roof above. Messages were sent and received all the way from Cleveland to within a few miles of Chicago, the train meanwhile running full speed. Wireless telegraphy takes on new and higher dignities every day; it is the last great wonder of the world.—Salt Lake Telegram. —*- Disordered Finances So the tumult and the shouting have died away and the lawmakers in Wash ington and all of the rest of us are given opportunity In which to take ac count of stock. It is discovered that there will be much difficulty in pay ing the piper after our long and ex uberant dancing. The national finance* are disordered to an extent that has attracted practitcally no attention on the part of the average voter.—Spring field Republican. *'- v ', —•fr- Wireless Warning Fog is the one great obstacle to safe and speedy navigation, against which science has made little progress. Science cannot reinforce eyes or glasses to the point that will penetrate the curtain of the fog. but indirectly science by the wireless telegraphy can throw Out warnings which if not complete are of mighty assistance to the puzzled man on the bridge who Is enabled- to pick them up.—Boston Transcript. ' -<fr— Scotch Humor ' Who says Scotch humor is dead? The chairman of a Scotch corporation, taken to task for sending notices to forty men known to have died years ago, replied the regulations, demand that when a member changed his ad dress he must let the t corporation know.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. ■ -+- A Question of Importance At the opening of the Taft adminis tration a question which remains of great interest and importance in fed eral politics is the relations between the executive and legislative departments of the national government.—New York Journal of Commerce. '. • ■"•>"■». The Chancellor it looks as if somebody has Invented a silencer for Chancellor Spring field Union. V.,v, ■•■■'.-.■ ,;•',« '-'-."-, - AMERICAN TARIFF LAWS XIV—The McKinley Law FREDERIC J. HASKIN THE "period' from 1887 to 1890 repre- I sents one sof the* most important '". stages In American tariff history. The beginning of that period saw pro tection first made such a strict party Issue that lines were drawn With abso lute rigidity; .* the man who did not agree with his party on the subject of the tariff 'was to be considered a po litical heretic": The end of that period saw protection urged as a permanent _ LL I|I II I II 1 "~———-—- --i>^^rap*^"Sl^SHmt. 3fi|v y'a '"' ■" -'"-^iMlPl «F*|v - ' ?•' ' :''JimP^ k t 3K^ _v yM \ J y**^^_ mm w mm y v \ 2a Si' ' I rather than a tem porary policy. Prior to the debate on the McKinley bill the vast *-. majority ■of protectionists advo cated that doctrine as a temporary ex pedient They de sired to use it as an agency to nourish the Infant industry into the manhood that stands alone and fights its own battles without let or f hindrance. -In the happy phrase of President. Garfield, they ' were for a "protective ' tariff that leads to ulti mate free trade." i I But that doctrine was now ito be abandoned and a permanent policy of protection to be substituted. The Democrats twitted the Republicans for F. J. Haskln *■* leaving their old position, and promptly moved Into the camp the Republicans had deserted. The Republicans made honors easy by replying that the Dem ocrats before the Civil War and Imme diately afterward had fought all forms of protection. I They asserted that, the Democrats virtually admitted now the benefits of temporary— protection, a thing which they had vehemently de nied in the past. When the Fifty-first congress was organized the Republican majority was so small and the rules so liberal to the minority that the bitterest parliamen tary campaign In history • had to be fought out before Speaker Reed could get a firm hold on the helm. It was only by the creation of rules that were denounced by the minority as arbi trary, revolutionary and unjust - that he was able to make the house bridle wise and a steady puller. He justified his rules by saying that they were born of necessity. The Democratls denounced them with all "the vehemence they could command; yet In the very next con gress, when they were In control, they were prompt in applying the Reed rules to those who had orlglnaally adopted them, and the Republicans now kicked as hard as the Democrats had before. A number of Democratic members were unseated early In the session and the Republican contestants awarded seats. This gave the Republicans a safe working majority. The house then undertook the serious business of'pass ; ing the McKinley law. The ways and means committee of that congress was one of the ablest the house has ever had. In Its membership was a future president, a future secretary of the treasury, a future Justice of the United States and as many more who were destined to be governors of their respective states. Former Speaker Car lisle was' also a member. The committee reported two meas uresone relating to the administration of the tariff laws, and one a general re vision of the tariff. | The former created the general board of appraisers, still in existence. The latter was the McKln» ley bill, 'the Basis of which was the Aldrlch measure which the senate had passed as its substitute to the Mills | bill! In preparing the bill the commit ; tee was careful to Impress on the coun try that it was doing what the Demo crats had failed to do in the prepara tion of the Mills bill. The charge was made that the committee opened its doors to the manufacturers, but had failed to give the consumers a hearing. Even the Democratic members of the committee denied this charge, and the statement was made that even the crank was not turned away until he had been heard. The McKinley bill was full of novel features, embodying more new depart ures in tariff legislation than any other measure of its kind ever passed by con gress. It was the first tariff bill to pro vide for protective duties On'all agrl- Magazine Editor Has Fun with Pro- Vice Letter Writer UNDER the Caption . "Our Crit ics" the editor of "The Harves ter," • the weekly magazine published by the First Methodist church, has some quiet fun wltn the anti-recalleiJ. The Harvester says-.— In the February issue of the Harvester we had something to say about city af fr.irs and advised our readers to stand for decency against Indecency. I Like other editors in this city, we hay-- found it is the. best policy to stand for the right, let It cost what it may. It cost us just two cents. Our article was copied In the Los Angeles Herald and a few days later we received a notice from Postmaster Flint stating that a letter was In his possession addressed to the Editor of the Harvester upon which was due two cents. We hastened to the postofftco and, after delivering our two cents, were When Was Sacramento Born Is Subject of Discussion BUTTON, button, who's got the but ■ ton? ■ , ■; What have they got the button for? . •,'.'*': It is stated around town that they will wear it In honor of the forty-fifth anniversary of the ushering Into mu nicipal life of the city of Sacramento. That being so, the Bee wishes here to register Its protest against this sys tem of arithmetic. . The city' of Sacramento was born as a municipality long before 1864. It was born to such activity as a city in 1849. From 1849 to 1858 the city of Sacramen to" was a city with Its mayors, clerks and other I officers. From 1858 to and Including 1862-the city and county of Sacramento was one government.' Com mencing again in 1863 the city of Sacra mento began and continued as a corpo rate municipality, says the Sacramento Bee. ■ . " -■-<-.- v,-. ... ,• So that the city of Sacramento is not, as a municipality, only forty-five years old. It Is sixty years old. ;, It. was a city with a government In the year 1849, and its first . mayor was A. -M. v Winn, who afterward organized .the 'Native Sons. That was a , military provisional government, 'toi be sure. But * the first mayor ; elected f. by the .^citizens' under part n -■ I cultural products, and the first to place [ unrefined sugar on the free list. From the ■» foundation .of the government ■ sugar had contributed more to the cus- B toms receipts of - tho nation than' had " any other single item of tariff taxation, Instead of retaining a tariff on sugar, thus getting an. income from-.' it, the McKinley bill provided for the payment B of .-• bounties for its production, * thus;,' changing an income 'to an outlay. O- m ■ Tho I proponents of protection for ag ricultural products pointed out that the I Importation of such products amounted to a quarter of a billion dollars a year. The opponents answered that this was an infinitesimal sum-as compared with the exportations, and that protection for the farmer, when his -whole success depended upon exports rather than im- * ports, was slßy and useless. -•*'■•. -,->■' One of the most amusing Incidents of. I the debate on the McKinley bill In the I house was a passage in a speech of Benton McMillln. afterward governor of . Tennessee. He imagined a conver sation between McKinley and Repre sentative Burrows, in which Burrows n wanted to know what had been done I for Michigan. McKinley replied that nothing had been done yet, but that he would • "fix" that state by putting; a. duty on cabbages. Mr. Burrows was made to respond that this would be . inconsistent, . since sauerkraut was put I on the free list; to which McKinley re- > plied that this was necessary to please the -Dutch. Then ' someone was sup posed to propose a duty on straw. Wil liam L. Wilson. rejoined that this in deed is the last straw—free sugar, free whisky, and now a free straw. The McKinley measure was reported to the house about the middle of April. Some twenty legislative days intervened i before it was taken up for considera tion. When it came to amending: the I bill Mr. McKinley held his forces to- s gether with consummate ability. I He , lost-out, nowever, on his woolen sched- I ule, and saved his tin-plate duty by the narrow margin of one vote. A rule was brought In which effectually shut'; off a vote on any Democratic amend ment, and the house promptly passed the bill. ' ' When the measure went to the sen ate the finance committee, to which It was referred, granted lengthy hearings./ A month elapsed before the bill was re ported to the senate, and another month before It was taken up for con- j sideration. Then came a month of de bate in the senate, followed by. two , weeks of consideration of amendments. . It was finally passed on September 10 with 396 amendments added to It, and of these the joint committee of uon- , ference was forced to accept 272' and to compromise on 173 of the remainder. \ As viewed by the historian, the Mc- I Kinley law.' was -not the success as,a , revenue measure that might have been 1 expected. One of Its purposes was to reduce the revenues of the treasury, but in trying to carry that purpose Into effect the framers of the law went too I far, and the end of the Harrison ad ministration found the treasury In , such a condition that a bond issuo shortly after Mr. Cleveland entered the White House for his second term was,' Inevitable. Indeed, it Is a matter of '■ official record that Secretary Foster of \ Mr. Harrison's cabinet ordered ■ the , plates made for the bonds that were 1 afterward issued by Secretary Carlisle, j All fiscal experts concede that the ex- j act effect of a tariff law cannot be fore- 8 told. A reduction of the customs re- 5 ceipts, ' accompanied by .an enhance-,~ ment of the degree of protection, had 1 been sought, and the framers of the J McKinley tariff had gone beyond the y limit of safety in the former object if I not in the latter. ■■-■• -, While the McKinley bill was pending there was a continued effort on the . part of the Democrats to get before the B people their prophecy that the McKln- I ley tariff would result In high prices everywhere. They did not content themselves with' generalities, but set down specific Increases that were to be expected. Events in some measure justified their proprecles, and the ver dict of the people against the McKin ley bill was the most emphatic ever delivered , against any tariff . law up to that time. But it was not the final verdict. The court of public opinion , was to reverse itself again. If .the sin of high prices was to procure the ban- 1 ishment of the McKinley law, hard times was to be the undoing of the . Wilson act. ' " • ■ (Copyright, 1909, by Frederic 3. Haskln) ■ Tomorrow—American Tariff Laws. XVReciprocity. r ! i handed an anonymous letter in which the writer quotes from our article and then says: "These statements are gross exaggerations of tho facts : and ; are unworthy the editor of a church publi cation. The Grand Jury distinctly states: 'We have found no Indictment. From which It can be fairly concluded that we have failed to find evidence that any public officlt.l or other had been guilty of a felony. A little care on your part would have convinced you that these charges were unfounded. These.charges against the mayor have been made by two men unworthy of belief, though they be , the ; owners or editors of daily newspapers. -;■ :■;.,'* '■:.[ In tho light of subsequent events, we do not wish our readers to think 'that in copying from this . anoymous letter we are running a comic page In the harvester. To\uS It is a very, serious matter. It cost us two cents. ' 'V;a, proclamation of due authority was Hardin Btgelow, who was elected as far back as April 1, 1850. . '. , : w , It is just as well to be correct In these matters, and Just as well to let not only ' our own citizens but those who are strangers, know how old : : we are.'.- ■,-,.'•■.'..-.. ■Y-'-"' ',"'] r.'f :<f;.'*">-"J- ,i'»-i' ■ Only women are forgiven for declar ing they are but 46 years of age.when in fact they are 60. .<,: i '.- ■ ; V --,. » t • ' . ■ .:■., Contrast v y.y i ;::"■>;: \<yJ . Lbs Angeles , shows what ; a painful contrast • there is,', between ' the recall.. in theatrical parlance and the recall in the hands of an angry municipality. y -■ With so many experienced and eagle eyed grafters to keep watching < things ; within Its walls, - the penitentiary will simply have to keep on its good be havior.—Pittsburg Telegraph. ' ' m■ • "■—:-.-: Invented Comic f i Emmanuel Poire, far better known as Caran d'Ache, has a particularly.valid claim on the memory of all good Amer- ; icans. ,v Wilhelm -. Busch *- and '■;', Caran d'Ache were the two great progenitors of the comic supplement.7; The German ( artist was much the older man and the pioneer.—New York Post.