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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVEKY MORNIHQ BY THE HERALD COMPANY *«•?■.s GIBBON i. T.».. .i..........Pr0eideat F. B. WOLFE Manactaß Editor J. W. AIXAN Bn»l«». Manager lit Entered Vas ■.eoond-cla.i matter at the portoftlce Jn Los Angeles. OtDER MOBNINO TAPBB IK I/OS ipK&SKx' vas-*N',--' ANGELES * I Fwneled Oct. t, 1818. TMrty-.1r.1i T-* --I;»>.< *• < Chamber ol C«mm«rw Bnlldln«. 'i; Phones: Bun«et Main 1000; Bom« 10811. f;- Th» only Democrats new«p«per In South ern Callforna receiving full Associated Pre»i ';,' reporta ■■■■-:■•• _—— ■'"••■ NEWS' SERVICE—Member of the Asso , elated Pre«, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25,000 word« a day. - ■ EASTERN AOBNT—J. P. MoKinn.y. «04 Cambridge building. ; Now Torki 111 Boyoe I ' building, Chicago I RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH IDS *r\.i-..i :>..■>'■■'■■ -:•' DAY MAOAZINBI Dally, by mall or carrier, a month....* .40 I Dally, by mall or carrier, three month.. I.JO 1 Dally, by mall or carrier. .1* month... J.« Dally, by mall or carrier, one year 4.60 Sunday Herald, one year •• f"" Postage free In United State, and Mexico, el«ewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND I OAKLAND— Anrele. and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will flnd The Herald on .ale at the new. stands In the Ban Francisco ferry ; building and on the .treet. In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos New. Co. A file cf The Lo« Angeles Herald can be seen at th* offloe of our English representa tives, Messrs E. and J. Hardy ft Co.. »0. 31 and It Fleet street, London, England, free I of charge: and that firm will be glad to re ' cel»e news. subscrlpMon. and, advertisements ■ on our behalf. ■ ■ . 1 Population of Los Angeles 307,322 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN ■J7 RETRQKSIIM ft) AT THE THEATERS MASON OPERA HOUSE—Nailmom In Repertoire. BKLASCO —"The Dollar Mark." BURBANK—"In Gay New York." MAJESTIC—"The Matchmaker." GRAND OPERA HOUSE—"The TonrtaU." OWHKUM — Vaudeville. LOS ANGELES—Vaudeville. EMPIRE —Vaudeville. FlSCHEß'B—Vanderllle. UNlQUE—^'Ryan'i Party." WALK-KK —V«udeTlll«-. « i » THE PACIFIC EEAR ADMIRAL ROBLBY D. EVANS is expressing himself frankly and freely with regard to the Pacific and its possibilities, rela tion of the United States toward such possibilities and the duty of the Amer ican government. He says there is not the remotest danger of a war between the United States and Japan —that we might as well dismiss that bugaboo from mental vision. Yet, he Kays, there will be a. war between the United States and Japan. We quote his -words: "The war on the Pacific with Japan will be of a commercial nature. It Is a conflict between dollars and cents, and is already on. We start beaten. In refusing to subsidize the merchant marine of the Pacific our government has practically said to Japan: You can have the commercial control of the Pacific. We do not care for It." Admiral Evans believes in arousing public sentiment on the subject of the Pacific ocean and Pacific seaports. The public should really take a greater in terest in the coast. No well Informed person can deny that and at the same time be frank. There is not much in Los Angeles to arouse by suggestion either Interest or enthusiasm in the great ocean and all it means. We would like to see an all the year round maritime exposition started in" connec tion with the chamber of commerce. It should be devoted to Bhip models, plans, miniature dock yards, piers and pier scenes. While many of our citi zens are seasiders by birth and early association there are many others who are inlanders. With these the maritime taste which is born in the other class of citizens must be acquired. And they would be none the worse for a little education in marine matters. We are all of us land lubbers, more or less; but the inland lubber is a great deal more of a land lubber than the man who all his life has been accustomed to the tidal beach and the many-mooded ocean. DEADLY CROSSINGS LEVEL crossings are suffered to re main in cities only because the people have not taken a decided stand with regard to them. A great deal more fuss has been made from time to time about nuisances that are not as dangerous to the public. To maintain grade crossings in a big city which is constantly growing bigger is to maintain a trap for men, women and children. Just as surely as there are level crossings there vi!l be level crossing accidents. That has been the experi ence of every community and of every country, and that Is the reason why grade crossings have been forbidden In many communities and in many countries. If human life is worth car ing for, then such an obvious menace to human life as a grade crossing should be done away with and the rail road track should be elevated over the street or the street should be bridged over the railroad track. GREATER LOS ANGELES OPPOSITION to Greater Lob Angeles plane Is losing whatever hold It had—and that hold -was chiefly on the Imagination of a few people. In the light of reason. Imaginary drawbacks disappeared. The corporation press agents who have done most of the antl eonsolidation campaigning have dis played a paucity of invention and a lack of fertility of resources. Even when appealing to Imagination they have not worked up a good cage. There Is nothing convincing in their assertion the harbor cities would be injured by consolidation. It la utterly unreason able. In the development of Los Angeles the harbor will play a conspicuous part. A big maritime commerce will be built up. This commerce will be of im portance to the harbor and to Los An geles; that is to say, it will affect for tl-j better the Interests of Greater Los Angeles. But there Is no reason to be lieve the growth of Greater Los An geles will be affected at the expense of any part of Greater Los Angeles, or that the general prosperity of the whole city will bring adversity to any part of It. In fact, the absurdity of the claims of anti-consolldatlonlsts is manifest as soon as their case Is stated. Greater Los Angeles, with Its seaport, San Pedro, will be one of the most im portant cities in the United Btates. Local interests will constantly be in creased. But there will be ft widening of the horizon and national Interests will have to be taken into considera tion. In every step the consolidation com mittee desires to be guided by a spirit of absolute fairness. In the words of Mr. Jess, In handling the consolidation question, the motto will be "a square deal" for all concerned. 4 —— REVOLUTIONS DISARMED "VYO more C«>tral and South Ameri \X can revolutions will be conduct i-' ed with second-hand American weapons. It has been the cheerful habit of periodical revolutionists in the southern countries to wait until they read Uncle Sam had. discarded a par ticular style of rifle for something more efficient in the man-killing line, and instruct agents to purchase all the second-hand stuff and send it on. As soon as it arrived a revolution would be begun. Sometimes a country would be, as It were, In a state of suspended animation for months. The political party that wasn't on top would say to the political party that was: "Ah, this is the gay season for you fellows, but wait until the good ship Mary Ann arrives!" If the government failed to take warning it would be startled into agil ity soon after the arrival of the Mary Ann, for the despised minority would be seen marching up the street armed to the teeth and waving the rebel flag, which in a brief space of time and after a little flutter of excitement and some shooting would be the govern mental flag. All that kind of fun must now cease. Ballots and not bullets henceforth must decide which party Is to be in power in the South American and Cen tral American countries. Upon the sale or exportation to foreign lands, es pecially Central and South American republics, of weapons formerly owned and operated by Uncle Sam. that grand old gentleman has put his veto mark. If the various political parties of the central and southern countries cannot get arms their presidential elections will be dull and commonplace. THE BREAD RAID WHAT will be the consequences of the bread raid? The manipula tion of the flour market by James A. Patten and his confederates will either Increase fhe price of bread or reduce the size of the loaf. It is now claimed there is a shortage In the sup ply of wheat; but if there is a genuine shortage there was all the more reason why the rights of the people should have been protected. When the visible supply of such an Important commodity U flour, a staple which, we might say, is at the basis of civilization, is scanty, there is all the more reason why manip ulators should be prevented from ob taining possession of this supply, and from doling it out to the people at rates which will make the sellers wealthy. S. W. Green, city sealer of weights and measures, has announced his inten tion of fighting an increase in the price of bread in Los Angeles. He is in favor of an ordinance requiring bread to be sold by pound weight. Whether Mr. Patten is altogether or only partly to blame for conditions mat ters little. If he is not altogether to blame, the fact is he has been taking advantage of conditions. In either case he is to blame. AVhen there is a short ago of wheat trie philanthropist sets about the work of distributing the sup ply fairly and cheaply. The "hog" tries to create artificial prices and famine conditions. Government should make it impossible to use the food supply of the country for speculative purposes. Gambling of all kinds is bad enough, but gambling with the necessaries of life is unspeakably infamous, and should not be tolerated any longer la this republic. ILL TIMED MIRTH DC. EWING, employed by Los Angeles Creamery association, • thinks it isn't any joko to fall into a milk tank and narrowly escape drowning. At the same time, the tank in which he took his involuntary milk bath is at Artesia, and how are we to prevent the jokers from making merry quips on the Artesian well aspects of Mr. Ewing's accident? There should be a law against ill-timpj jocularity, and those who Jest about Mr. Ewing's Artesian milk bath plunge should be rebuked. Their conduct will be repre hensible. No, gentle and humorous reader, Patten's system is not patented. But It ought to be outlawed. ] LOS ANGELES HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 17, 1909. ELK NUMBER ONE WHEN the Elks of all the land assemble in Los Angeles they will find here No. 1 of No. 1, the first original Elk, the first of the herd. W. Lloyd Bowron of New York came to visit Los Angeles, but when the time came to go home ho read of the Ice dam at Niagara and shuddered. Then he made up his mind he was at home, and that to go back east to the frost-bitten region would be to go away from home. So No. 1 of No. 1, the original Elk, hired an office in Los Angeles, hung out his shingle, and is now one of us, an all around and all the year round booster. So there is a pleasant surprise In store for the Elks. They will find that in addition to numerous natural advan tages Los Angeles possesses the original Elk. That ought to hold them for a while. When the Elks talk of the delights and wonders of Los Angeles, some Angeleno will say: "Yes, and it was a citizen of Los Angeles who founded your order." We have no doubt many of the Elks will follow the example of No. 1 of .No. 1; and those who do not remain here will go back east with such wonderful tales of a winterless land where it is not too hot In summer that thousands of people will start west in order to find out whether the Elks are telling the truth. When they find the Elks have been telling the truth and nothing but the truth, although not the whole truth, because nobody can describe California —the best anybody can do ls^to give an impressionist sketch—they will settle down among us. and send for all their friends. S. P. C. A. MUCH commendable work is done by the Society for the Preven tion of Cruelty to Animals. Sometimes its officers are called on to Interfere in cases of cruelty which would be almost unbelievable unless there were abundant testimony. Think of the condition of human nature that in our lovely Los Angeles makes pos sible such a scene as that described by Officer Zimmer in the following words: "Because the mules would not haul the loads the teamsters pelted them about the heads and bodies with rocks which weighed as much as five pounds. In one instance one of the teamsters mounted a mule and beat the animal about the head until the beast was ready to drop. Another teamster struck a mule with the sharp point of a pick until the animal bled from several wounds," etc. This kind of brutality immediately reduces the men guilty of it to a con dition inferior to that of the beasts they are tormenting and degrades the human race. NATIVE SONS f¥] HAT patriotic organization, the members of which with just pride •*• call themselves "Native Sons of the Golden West," Is always a factor to be reckoned with in the life of this state. It emphasizes the fact that only a proportion of the population of Cali fornia can claim the distinction of hav ing been born in California, but it Is an advantage to be born 1n California, and "new chums" might as well acknowledge it gracefully. Owing to the short-sightedness of their parents, they were not allowed to be born in California, so, after they lould travel alone and pay their way, they came here. The Native Sons are always glad to welcome newcomers; and it Is to the interest of newcomers to encourage the California spirit rep resented by this organization. Soi'lfties like "Native Sons," "Daugh ters of the Revolution" and "Sons of the Revolution" are helpful and their influence on the community and on the nation is always good. Swatted! RUSSIA'S SHAME IT Is doubtful whether the Russian authorities will allow Madame Modjeska's relatives and friends to bury her In Poland.. Russia Is In about the same condition that England was In 250 years ago, when the body of Oliver Cromwell, the first American, was subjected to many indignities. Whether a living dog is bettor than a dead lion is a moot question; but it is certain living dogs In all ages of the world have found singular satisfaction in barking at dead lions. Another thumping big fine is In sight. The Cudahy Packing company of Kansas City haa been Indicted for alleged oleomargarine revenue frauds, and In the event of conviction the company is liable to a fine of $700,000. However, experience has taught the Cudahy Packing company tti Is one thing to fine a great corporation or trust and another to collect the fine. The fact that a fine is "in sight" does not necessarily mean it will have to be paid. President Taft Is now a member of the famous Kilwinnlng lodge of Ma sons of which Robert Burns was at one time the poet laureate. Kilwin nlng, from which the lodge takes Its name, is a little old Scottish village in Ayrshire between Ardrossan and Ayr, and not far from another famous Ma sonic city, Kllmarnock. So Harry D. Brown, the absconding Napoleon of finance, has been arrested at last. Brown was twice exposed by The Herald. Twice this paper pro duced and published proof that he was a swindler. If Los Angeles had at that time had an alert police department Brown would never have been allowed to leave the city. In giving a vote of thanks to Capt. A. A. Pries for his courtesy in taking members on a harbor Inspection trip the consolidation committee said the excursion had been highly educational. All of Captain Fries' work is educa tional. He Is the greatest and best harbor educator In California. Los Angeles orphans' home well de serves public support. The $75,000 fund for the erection of buildings on the site donated at Colegrove is not half complete. Only two weeks are left. This is a caa% in which "twice he gives who quickly gives." The cause is a most excellent one. Fortunately for the slum children of the great eastern cities, the spring grass is coming up plentifully. When the parents can no longer afford to buy bread the "Keep Off the Grass" signs may be removed from the public parks and the little ones turned loose to graze. Oriental women are ■determined to have their rights, even if they have to rise in armed rebellion to secure them. The new women of Turkey and Persia are decidedly newer In their methods than any of the new women of Cau casian countries. • An addition was made to the staff of Los Angeles mail carriers yester day. The army of carriers is being re cruited, yet it can hardly keep up with the growth of the city. Los g Angeles makes Uncle Samuel's postofflce de partment hustle. Don't forget raisin day. We must train all America to eat California raisins, and raisin eating begins at home. Buy and boost and eat Califor nia raisins. Diversion "We admire her ao piuch, she plays such • strong game!" "Klghty-four or better?" "Oh. considerably better—seventy-nine!" No It wasn't golf they were »peaklng of, but thf< absorbing and Intricate suburban pastime of seeing which woman should hay« the few est cooks In a roar.—Puck Public Letter Box TO CORHESrONDKNTS—Letters Intended for publication ->u«t be accompanied by tl.r nnme and address of the writer. The Her aid (ires the widest Intllmlr In correspond ents, but assumes no responsibility for their views. Letters most not exceed 800 words. DENIES CHRISTIANS ARE TOLD TO BWALLOW POISON LOS ANGELES, April 12.—[Editor Herald]: If C. T. Sprading, who writes under late of April 7, will take pains to examine the passage of Scripture he quotes he will observe that the swal lowing of poison in order to satisfy the curiosity of the Incredulous is not re quired of Christ's followers. That was not one of the things which Jesus said shall be done, but he said "if" they drink any deadly thing it shall not harm them. Now, if we take Jesus' ex ample as a pattern, we will not tempt God by catering to the swine element in human nature; but if the actual oc casion should arise through accident, God's power can and will be demon strated over all the power of the enemy, and "nothing shall by any means harm" them that believe. The writer was instantaneously healed of a severe attack of ptomaine poison ing and realized the immediate return of normal action and harmonious being through the declaration of the ever presence of divine life and love. Yet sedulously avoids poison now. If Mr. Sprading is to set himself up as a judge of others, let him judge righteous judgment and not exact from another evidence of sincerity which he is not willing to furnish himself, for his at titude is a tacit denial of the possi bility of obeying the Instructions of Josus or of meeting the test which he states "Christ left for us," to use his own language. If he believes that and claims to be his follower, then he should prove his faith by works. R. N. OPPOSES BLIND OBEDIENCE OF THE FAIR SEX TO MAN WASHINGTON, D. C, April 7.— [Editor Herald]: Your Bakersfield correspondent, C. H., who advocates blind obedience to man, whether worthy or not, reminds me of the Methodist deacons of ancient type, who are continually reminding us that we are "unworthy worms," unfit for any thing but the heel of the Almighty. Just so long as men and women retain such views of God and themselves there can be no advancement for the Moreover, it is an insult to God him self. If we are so unworthy, why did God send his Son into this '"world of sin and sorrow" (according to these), to teach us, his own creation, mind you, how to live? No, sir! God is very, very well satisfied with us when we endeavor to keep the laws of his planning, and live clean lives. Tell her also that "thinking women" do not accept the teachings of either Moses or Saul of Tarsus before those of Jesus Christ, the emancipator of woman. If God could, or would talk to Eve only through Adam, Jesus, the great est of all men and the only authorized representative of God, could and did confide his plans for tHe betterment of the human family to woman. In his estimation she was fully capable of understanding and of being an apt helper in all his labors, even at that stage of the world's history, where she was deprived of most of the advantages she holds today. If (according to C. H.) God had to make Adam the channel of communica tion between himself and Eve I shall never cease to thank him for the im pudence of the devil, who not only saw that woman was capable of under standing, but was also courageous enough to walk in, even if It was somewhat risky. Without evil we could not understand good or God. AMICUS. WORKER BELIEVES HE HAS CAUSE TO THROW BRICKS ALTADENA, April 15.—[Editor Her aldj: "A correspondent says Socialists "must" eat the bread of capitalism. Then let them stop heaving bricks at the baker."—Herald Editorial. True enough, dear brother, and yet if we furnish the bakeshop, the flour and all the etceteras we ought, considering the "hand-out" which we have received in the year of our Lord 1908 and 1909, be accorded the poor privilege of heaving a few bricks in the direction of the baker, don't you think? J. MALCOMB JONES. A Sale in Prospect "What Is that picture Intended to repre sent?" asked the friend. "Board and lodging for six weeks," re plied the artist »bsentnvi>vd»dly.—Washing ton Post. AMERICAN TARIFF LAWS XXI— Protection Propoganda FREDERIC J. HASKIN Some Idea may be formed as to the far-reaohing consequences of the un ending campaign of education in fnvor of protection when it Is stated that 20 000 votes properly distributed would have made the present congress Demo cratic, and 40,000 properly placed would have made the Sixtieth congress of the same political complexion. A hundred thousand votes in the close states would have placed William Jennings Brvnn in the White House Instead of William Howard Taft, and 200,000 cast In certain states would have made Alton B. Parker 9L *' mlZ^t j president over Theodore Roosevelt. Ordinarily the re sult turns on even a narrower margin than this. For in stance, had Mr. Bryan secured 23, --000 more votes in the critical states In 1896, he would have succeeded Grover Cleveland. It Is safe to assume that the senate's politi cal complexion would be likewise changed, and that the balance of pow er between high tariff and low tar iff is held by less than 1 per cent of the voters of thu United States. In nil the history of politics there has F. J. Haskin never been a more unrelenting, thor- ough-golng and effective campaign or education waged than that in behalf of protection. This campaign began al most before the constitution became an accepted fact, and it has continued from that day to this, gathering strength, garnering influence and as suming new proportions, until now it reaches more people every day In the year than any other campaign of edu cation can reach in a full week. Be side It the literary crusade that was carried on against slavery pales as does the moon before the noonday sun. No one can estimate the thousands upon thousands of pounds of printers' ink that have been expended in this campaign. Weekly and monthly pub lications are devoted exclusively to the propagation of protection doctrines. Others are published In which the pro mulgation of these doctrines is certain ly not a secondary Interest. Every maker of "boiler-plate" stuff for the small daily and the weekly newspapers is regularly supplied with matter tend ing to uphold the protection theory. Speeahes are circulated, tracts distrib uted, free editorial matter supplied, suggestions freely handed out. And so it goes on incessantly, only with more energy today than yesterday, and more tomorrow than today. Many ar«.the organizations that are engaged in spreading the protection sentiment broadcast, such as the Home Market club, the Union League club and the American Protective Tariff league. The latter is the most ag gressive and the most unrelenting of all of them. Political parties get very active during the stress of a campaign, but as soon as It is over they fall back into a state of do-nothingness until the next approaches. But not so with the American Protective Tariff league. It works just as hard between cam paigns as It does while one Is in progress. Right now it is setting things in shape for the congressional election of 1910. It is sending out cards to protectionists everywhere and Is getting from them a list of men who will cast their first votes that year. These cards will give them all of the information necessary upon which to base a systematic bambard ment of the Judgments of these first voters, and from now to the election a year from next fall these young men will be well Instructed in the cardinal doctrines of protection. Nor is that all. While seeking out the first voters, the American Pro tective Tariff league is not taking any chances that the first voters of last year of any previous year shall be ex posed to the dangers of backsliding. They are being cultivated as assid uously as the prospective voter. Liter ature is being got out all the tlma and the tremendous circulation of "boiler plate" and patent outsides Is being used to the utmost advantage. In a recent year in which there was no election the league distributed twenty two million pieces of literature. After this goes on for nearly two years the political campaign opens up. The party orators, party workers and party organs suddenly get busy and continue so for a few months. Then comes the voting and the announce ment of the result. Little wonder is it that the party espousing protection is the winner. Men may differ as to the questions involved in the tariff, but those who know what has been taking place cannot but ascribe much of the credit of victory to the mission ary work of the protection propa gandists. On the other hand, the low tariff ad vocates are able to do but little mis sionary work between campaigns. There are not those wealthy people who The State Press Palatable Raisin day will be April 30, and you are ex pected to make raisins a chief part of your diet on that day. This will not be a hardship, as there Is nothing more palatable than a choice California raisin.—Santa Monica Out look. Easterization To our married friends with fashionable spouses we would put the query: "Has your wife Easterlzed your pocketbook yet?"— Hig hland Messenger. Porthole San Francisco Is worrying over the pronun ciation of the name Portola, now that a grand festival Is to be held In October In honor of ths bluff old Spaniard. Mayor Taylor accents the last syllable, and the dwellers on Poriola street insist that the accent Is on the second. A supervisor comes to the rescue with the sug gestion that the word be pronounced porthole. • That settles It.-Ventura Free Press. Both Fresh and Green A woman Is like a salad In that both de pend a great doal 6n the dressing.-Calexlco ChronicU. . Fletcher's Philosophy Fletcher refuses to worry about anything; he does the best he can, and lets It go at that. "There are two things you should not worry about," he says; "things you can help, and things you can't help."—Modesto News. . Hindustan Once the viceroy's council has been thrown open. It would be absurd to keep the Inferior councils closed. The new appointee Is a dis tinguished Hindu lawyer, Mr. Sinha, who buc ceeds an Englishman as legal member. The Ixmdon Times says that for the first time since the beginning of British rule In India "the supreme authority will shortly pus from ex clusive Brttleh hand*.' I—San1 —San Jo» Mercury. have sufficient motive to put up the money required for an out-of-seoson campaign In behalf of a low tariff. It Is always hard enough for the low tariff people to get money sufficient to carry them through a campaign, much less to wage the wnr bteween elections. Only a few times In the history of the country has It been different. The constant fight in favor of pro tection before the people was begun about 1820. New York and Philadelphia had societies pledged to the support of home Industries, and the test which determined their attitude toward a pol itician was whether he would wear American made clothes. Similar socie ties sprang up in other states, and the I politician who opposed them had hard Hailing afterward. Even presidents of the United States found it advisable, If not necessary, that they become mem bers. About this same time the peti tion and memorial to congress was freely brought Into requisition, and that body might well 4iave concluded that the world was on fire for protec tion if they had Judged by the number of long papers presented whose breath has long since been squeezed .out of them by their Incorporation In the big volumes of the American state papers. At one point a Philadelphia high tariff society took a Virginia low tariff asso ciation to task for advocating free trade and the argumentative fur flew for many weeks. Then, as now, the tariff was largely a local Issue, and when the southerner had something to protect he labored for protection as assiduously as any other man. The propagandists knew this full well, and always sought to take advan tage of the situation. This sort of cru sade did not suit the free trade advo cates of that day, and many of them took the propagandists severely to task for it. Of their work In 1820 one mem ber said: "Their unfounded and In flammatory statements have pervaded every part of the Union. Each member of the present congress has been de luged with enough stuff to fill two largo volumes." The high tariff publicity campaign which resulted In the passage of the bill of abominations was the greatest that had yet been undertaken. The country was fairly deluged with protec tion literature. Hezekiah Nlles and Matthew Carey had come to the stage of action, and they trained their most powerful guns on the free trader. Ntles had started his Register in Baltimore years before, but It was coming Into his own. A man perfectly sincere In his convictions, with no selfish Interest in termixed therewith, he made the "American system" the passion of his life. He made Nlles.' Roglster the recog nized authority on all tariff matters, and acquired an Influence perhaps never before or since enjoyed by any tariff writer. Matthew Carey went at It in a dif ferent way. He was the greatest ' pamphleteer protection has ever had. In one of his later pamphlets he states that he had written and published fifty-seven booklets on protection, ag gregating some 2295 pages, besides many essays, circulars, memorials and newspaper articles. He charged the manufacturers whom he had helped by his work with being ungrateful, and when they refused to pay him $570 for expenses incurred he published the let ters of gratitude they had written him alongside of their answer* to his re quests for compensation. From the days of Carey and Ntles down to the present time the output of literature In favor of protection has never been allowed to fall off. The manufacturers of the country con tribute liberally to the propaganda, and in addition to this use their own in- strumentalitles to reach the public. At the present time a leading manufac turer of automobiles Is sending: broad cast to the press a liberal supply of high tariff literature, and others aro following his example. When one looks over the list of publi cations dealing directly and indirectly with the tariff, as shown by the indices of the library of congress, he Is as tounded by their vast number. They range all the way up from a ten-page pamphlet to a 600-page book, and from that up to a ten-volume set. Nearly all of this literature is controversial, and most of it bears the mark of the par tisan and the politician, rather than that of the student and the historian. In all the vast array there are not over, half a dozen books whose statements are not more or less tinged by partisan bias. The protection literature bears a proportion of more than two to one as compared with the free trade literature. The propaganda has Justified Its exist ence many times over to those respon sible for it. Representing as It does the most Incessant and complete mis sionary effort ever made by any politi cal party in any country, it has also yielded fruits beyond tne richest dreams of avarice. Whether the doctrine of protection is right or wrong, it has been hammered so deeply into the minds of the people that at the present time it seems not to be a question of protection or free trade, but of the degree of protection. The propagan dists have taught the nation to forget the old idea that protection should be a temporary thing and to regard it as a permanent principle. (Copyright, 1909, by Frederlo J. Haakln) Far and Wide Mexico Suspicious We must not forget that we are watched by those who covet Magdalena bay, by those who nlchnd from Colombia and the Isthmus of Panama and byyfhe wealthy American men of enterprise at whose head, like a bird of 111 omen, hovers the multimillionaire liarriman. —blario del Hogar. Population Needed Australia could do worse than offer some special facilities for Immigration to those who, like our (Jewish) co-religlonlsta In persecuted countries, would not be slow to appreciate refuge In a country for whose future existence white settlers are indispensable.—Jewish Chronicle. Guns Everywhere public sentiment la growing against the use of revolvers ("suns," the younger generation calls them). Every mur der and holdup Is testimony not only of vlolenue, but of the Infraction of a law against carrying concealed weapons.—lndianapolis News. ' Terrors of Matrimony An absent-minded man In Cleveland came near marrying the wrong girl on account of a confusion of names. Marriage continues to be fraught with terrors.—Mexican Herald. No Quarter No halfway measures will suffice with the menace of the Black Hand. Blackmailers and assassins deserve no quarter and wouM ap preciate none.—Providence Journal. * * Watched and Chained "Watch your legislators; they need to be watched," advises a New York preacher. And perhaps some of them ought to be chained, too.—Salt Lake Tribune. Wandering Blizzard Washington's blizzard seems to be exten sively visiting the middle west.—Anaeond* Standard.