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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, April 17, 1909, Image 4

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Los Angeles Herald
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THE HERALD COMPANY
*«•?■.s GIBBON i. T.».. .i..........Pr0eideat
F. B. WOLFE Manactaß Editor
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lit Entered Vas ■.eoond-cla.i matter at the
portoftlce Jn Los Angeles.
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THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND
I OAKLAND— Anrele. and Southern Cali
fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak
land will flnd The Herald on .ale at the
new. stands In the Ban Francisco ferry
; building and on the .treet. In Oakland by
Wheatley and by Amos New. Co.
A file cf The Lo« Angeles Herald can be
seen at th* offloe of our English representa
tives, Messrs E. and J. Hardy ft Co.. »0. 31
and It Fleet street, London, England, free
I of charge: and that firm will be glad to re
' cel»e news. subscrlpMon. and, advertisements
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1 Population of Los Angeles 307,322
CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN
■J7 RETRQKSIIM ft)
AT THE THEATERS
MASON OPERA HOUSE—Nailmom In
Repertoire.
BKLASCO —"The Dollar Mark."
BURBANK—"In Gay New York."
MAJESTIC—"The Matchmaker."
GRAND OPERA HOUSE—"The TonrtaU."
OWHKUM — Vaudeville.
LOS ANGELES—Vaudeville.
EMPIRE —Vaudeville.
FlSCHEß'B—Vanderllle.
UNlQUE—^'Ryan'i Party."
WALK-KK —V«udeTlll«-.
« i »
THE PACIFIC
EEAR ADMIRAL ROBLBY D.
EVANS is expressing himself
frankly and freely with regard to
the Pacific and its possibilities, rela
tion of the United States toward such
possibilities and the duty of the Amer
ican government. He says there is not
the remotest danger of a war between
the United States and Japan —that we
might as well dismiss that bugaboo
from mental vision. Yet, he Kays, there
will be a. war between the United
States and Japan. We quote his
-words: "The war on the Pacific with
Japan will be of a commercial nature.
It Is a conflict between dollars and
cents, and is already on. We start
beaten. In refusing to subsidize the
merchant marine of the Pacific our
government has practically said to
Japan: You can have the commercial
control of the Pacific. We do not care
for It."
Admiral Evans believes in arousing
public sentiment on the subject of the
Pacific ocean and Pacific seaports. The
public should really take a greater in
terest in the coast. No well Informed
person can deny that and at the same
time be frank. There is not much in
Los Angeles to arouse by suggestion
either Interest or enthusiasm in the
great ocean and all it means. We
would like to see an all the year round
maritime exposition started in" connec
tion with the chamber of commerce.
It should be devoted to Bhip models,
plans, miniature dock yards, piers and
pier scenes. While many of our citi
zens are seasiders by birth and early
association there are many others who
are inlanders.
With these the maritime taste which
is born in the other class of citizens
must be acquired. And they would be
none the worse for a little education in
marine matters. We are all of us land
lubbers, more or less; but the inland
lubber is a great deal more of a land
lubber than the man who all his life
has been accustomed to the tidal
beach and the many-mooded ocean.
DEADLY CROSSINGS
LEVEL crossings are suffered to re
main in cities only because the
people have not taken a decided
stand with regard to them. A great
deal more fuss has been made from
time to time about nuisances that are
not as dangerous to the public. To
maintain grade crossings in a big city
which is constantly growing bigger is
to maintain a trap for men, women
and children.
Just as surely as there are level
crossings there vi!l be level crossing
accidents. That has been the experi
ence of every community and of every
country, and that Is the reason why
grade crossings have been forbidden
In many communities and in many
countries. If human life is worth car
ing for, then such an obvious menace
to human life as a grade crossing
should be done away with and the rail
road track should be elevated over the
street or the street should be bridged
over the railroad track.
GREATER LOS ANGELES
OPPOSITION to Greater Lob Angeles
plane Is losing whatever hold It
had—and that hold -was chiefly on
the Imagination of a few people. In the
light of reason. Imaginary drawbacks
disappeared. The corporation press
agents who have done most of the antl
eonsolidation campaigning have dis
played a paucity of invention and a
lack of fertility of resources. Even
when appealing to Imagination they
have not worked up a good cage. There
Is nothing convincing in their assertion
the harbor cities would be injured by
consolidation. It la utterly unreason
able.
In the development of Los Angeles
the harbor will play a conspicuous part.
A big maritime commerce will be built
up. This commerce will be of im
portance to the harbor and to Los An
geles; that is to say, it will affect for
tl-j better the Interests of Greater Los
Angeles. But there Is no reason to be
lieve the growth of Greater Los An
geles will be affected at the expense of
any part of Greater Los Angeles, or
that the general prosperity of the whole
city will bring adversity to any part of
It. In fact, the absurdity of the claims
of anti-consolldatlonlsts is manifest as
soon as their case Is stated.
Greater Los Angeles, with Its seaport,
San Pedro, will be one of the most im
portant cities in the United Btates.
Local interests will constantly be in
creased. But there will be ft widening
of the horizon and national Interests
will have to be taken into considera
tion.
In every step the consolidation com
mittee desires to be guided by a spirit
of absolute fairness. In the words of
Mr. Jess, In handling the consolidation
question, the motto will be "a square
deal" for all concerned.
4 ——
REVOLUTIONS DISARMED
"VYO more C«>tral and South Ameri
\X can revolutions will be conduct
i-' ed with second-hand American
weapons. It has been the cheerful
habit of periodical revolutionists in the
southern countries to wait until they
read Uncle Sam had. discarded a par
ticular style of rifle for something
more efficient in the man-killing line,
and instruct agents to purchase all the
second-hand stuff and send it on. As
soon as it arrived a revolution would
be begun.
Sometimes a country would be, as It
were, In a state of suspended animation
for months. The political party that
wasn't on top would say to the political
party that was: "Ah, this is the gay
season for you fellows, but wait until
the good ship Mary Ann arrives!"
If the government failed to take
warning it would be startled into agil
ity soon after the arrival of the Mary
Ann, for the despised minority would
be seen marching up the street armed
to the teeth and waving the rebel flag,
which in a brief space of time and
after a little flutter of excitement and
some shooting would be the govern
mental flag.
All that kind of fun must now cease.
Ballots and not bullets henceforth
must decide which party Is to be in
power in the South American and Cen
tral American countries. Upon the
sale or exportation to foreign lands, es
pecially Central and South American
republics, of weapons formerly owned
and operated by Uncle Sam. that grand
old gentleman has put his veto mark.
If the various political parties of the
central and southern countries cannot
get arms their presidential elections
will be dull and commonplace.
THE BREAD RAID
WHAT will be the consequences of
the bread raid? The manipula
tion of the flour market by
James A. Patten and his confederates
will either Increase fhe price of bread
or reduce the size of the loaf. It is now
claimed there is a shortage In the sup
ply of wheat; but if there is a genuine
shortage there was all the more reason
why the rights of the people should
have been protected. When the visible
supply of such an Important commodity
U flour, a staple which, we might say,
is at the basis of civilization, is scanty,
there is all the more reason why manip
ulators should be prevented from ob
taining possession of this supply, and
from doling it out to the people at
rates which will make the sellers
wealthy.
S. W. Green, city sealer of weights
and measures, has announced his inten
tion of fighting an increase in the price
of bread in Los Angeles. He is in
favor of an ordinance requiring bread
to be sold by pound weight.
Whether Mr. Patten is altogether or
only partly to blame for conditions mat
ters little. If he is not altogether to
blame, the fact is he has been taking
advantage of conditions. In either case
he is to blame. AVhen there is a short
ago of wheat trie philanthropist sets
about the work of distributing the sup
ply fairly and cheaply. The "hog" tries
to create artificial prices and famine
conditions. Government should make it
impossible to use the food supply of
the country for speculative purposes.
Gambling of all kinds is bad enough,
but gambling with the necessaries of
life is unspeakably infamous, and
should not be tolerated any longer la
this republic.
ILL TIMED MIRTH
DC. EWING, employed by Los
Angeles Creamery association,
• thinks it isn't any joko to fall
into a milk tank and narrowly escape
drowning. At the same time, the tank
in which he took his involuntary milk
bath is at Artesia, and how are we to
prevent the jokers from making merry
quips on the Artesian well aspects of
Mr. Ewing's accident? There should
be a law against ill-timpj jocularity,
and those who Jest about Mr. Ewing's
Artesian milk bath plunge should be
rebuked. Their conduct will be repre
hensible.
No, gentle and humorous reader,
Patten's system is not patented. But
It ought to be outlawed. ]
LOS ANGELES HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 17, 1909.
ELK NUMBER ONE
WHEN the Elks of all the land
assemble in Los Angeles they
will find here No. 1 of No. 1, the
first original Elk, the first of the herd.
W. Lloyd Bowron of New York came
to visit Los Angeles, but when the
time came to go home ho read of the
Ice dam at Niagara and shuddered.
Then he made up his mind he was at
home, and that to go back east to the
frost-bitten region would be to go away
from home. So No. 1 of No. 1, the
original Elk, hired an office in Los
Angeles, hung out his shingle, and is
now one of us, an all around and all
the year round booster.
So there is a pleasant surprise In store
for the Elks. They will find that in
addition to numerous natural advan
tages Los Angeles possesses the original
Elk. That ought to hold them for a
while.
When the Elks talk of the delights
and wonders of Los Angeles, some
Angeleno will say: "Yes, and it was
a citizen of Los Angeles who founded
your order."
We have no doubt many of the Elks
will follow the example of No. 1 of .No.
1; and those who do not remain here
will go back east with such wonderful
tales of a winterless land where it is not
too hot In summer that thousands of
people will start west in order to find
out whether the Elks are telling the
truth. When they find the Elks have
been telling the truth and nothing but
the truth, although not the whole truth,
because nobody can describe California
—the best anybody can do ls^to give
an impressionist sketch—they will settle
down among us. and send for all their
friends.
S. P. C. A.
MUCH commendable work is done
by the Society for the Preven
tion of Cruelty to Animals.
Sometimes its officers are called on to
Interfere in cases of cruelty which
would be almost unbelievable unless
there were abundant testimony. Think
of the condition of human nature that
in our lovely Los Angeles makes pos
sible such a scene as that described
by Officer Zimmer in the following
words:
"Because the mules would not haul
the loads the teamsters pelted them
about the heads and bodies with rocks
which weighed as much as five pounds.
In one instance one of the teamsters
mounted a mule and beat the animal
about the head until the beast was
ready to drop. Another teamster struck
a mule with the sharp point of a pick
until the animal bled from several
wounds," etc.
This kind of brutality immediately
reduces the men guilty of it to a con
dition inferior to that of the beasts
they are tormenting and degrades the
human race.
NATIVE SONS
f¥] HAT patriotic organization, the
members of which with just pride
•*• call themselves "Native Sons of
the Golden West," Is always a factor
to be reckoned with in the life of this
state. It emphasizes the fact that only
a proportion of the population of Cali
fornia can claim the distinction of hav
ing been born in California, but it Is
an advantage to be born 1n California,
and "new chums" might as well
acknowledge it gracefully.
Owing to the short-sightedness of
their parents, they were not allowed
to be born in California, so, after they
lould travel alone and pay their way,
they came here. The Native Sons are
always glad to welcome newcomers;
and it Is to the interest of newcomers
to encourage the California spirit rep
resented by this organization.
Soi'lfties like "Native Sons," "Daugh
ters of the Revolution" and "Sons of
the Revolution" are helpful and their
influence on the community and on
the nation is always good.
Swatted!
RUSSIA'S SHAME
IT Is doubtful whether the Russian
authorities will allow Madame
Modjeska's relatives and friends to
bury her In Poland.. Russia Is In
about the same condition that England
was In 250 years ago, when the body of
Oliver Cromwell, the first American,
was subjected to many indignities.
Whether a living dog is bettor than a
dead lion is a moot question; but it is
certain living dogs In all ages of the
world have found singular satisfaction
in barking at dead lions.
Another thumping big fine is In
sight. The Cudahy Packing company
of Kansas City haa been Indicted for
alleged oleomargarine revenue frauds,
and In the event of conviction the
company is liable to a fine of $700,000.
However, experience has taught the
Cudahy Packing company tti Is one
thing to fine a great corporation or
trust and another to collect the fine.
The fact that a fine is "in sight" does
not necessarily mean it will have to be
paid.
President Taft Is now a member of
the famous Kilwinnlng lodge of Ma
sons of which Robert Burns was at
one time the poet laureate. Kilwin
nlng, from which the lodge takes Its
name, is a little old Scottish village in
Ayrshire between Ardrossan and Ayr,
and not far from another famous Ma
sonic city, Kllmarnock.
So Harry D. Brown, the absconding
Napoleon of finance, has been arrested
at last. Brown was twice exposed by
The Herald. Twice this paper pro
duced and published proof that he was
a swindler. If Los Angeles had at that
time had an alert police department
Brown would never have been allowed
to leave the city.
In giving a vote of thanks to Capt.
A. A. Pries for his courtesy in taking
members on a harbor Inspection trip
the consolidation committee said the
excursion had been highly educational.
All of Captain Fries' work is educa
tional. He Is the greatest and best
harbor educator In California.
Los Angeles orphans' home well de
serves public support. The $75,000 fund
for the erection of buildings on the
site donated at Colegrove is not half
complete. Only two weeks are left.
This is a caa% in which "twice he gives
who quickly gives." The cause is a
most excellent one.
Fortunately for the slum children of
the great eastern cities, the spring
grass is coming up plentifully. When
the parents can no longer afford to
buy bread the "Keep Off the Grass"
signs may be removed from the public
parks and the little ones turned loose
to graze.
Oriental women are ■determined to
have their rights, even if they have to
rise in armed rebellion to secure them.
The new women of Turkey and Persia
are decidedly newer In their methods
than any of the new women of Cau
casian countries. •
An addition was made to the staff
of Los Angeles mail carriers yester
day. The army of carriers is being re
cruited, yet it can hardly keep up with
the growth of the city. Los g Angeles
makes Uncle Samuel's postofflce de
partment hustle.
Don't forget raisin day. We must
train all America to eat California
raisins, and raisin eating begins at
home. Buy and boost and eat Califor
nia raisins.
Diversion
"We admire her ao piuch, she plays such •
strong game!"
"Klghty-four or better?"
"Oh. considerably better—seventy-nine!"
No It wasn't golf they were »peaklng of, but
thf< absorbing and Intricate suburban pastime
of seeing which woman should hay« the few
est cooks In a roar.—Puck
Public Letter Box
TO CORHESrONDKNTS—Letters Intended
for publication ->u«t be accompanied by tl.r
nnme and address of the writer. The Her
aid (ires the widest Intllmlr In correspond
ents, but assumes no responsibility for their
views. Letters most not exceed 800 words.
DENIES CHRISTIANS ARE
TOLD TO BWALLOW POISON
LOS ANGELES, April 12.—[Editor
Herald]: If C. T. Sprading, who writes
under late of April 7, will take pains to
examine the passage of Scripture he
quotes he will observe that the swal
lowing of poison in order to satisfy the
curiosity of the Incredulous is not re
quired of Christ's followers. That was
not one of the things which Jesus said
shall be done, but he said "if" they
drink any deadly thing it shall not
harm them. Now, if we take Jesus' ex
ample as a pattern, we will not tempt
God by catering to the swine element
in human nature; but if the actual oc
casion should arise through accident,
God's power can and will be demon
strated over all the power of the enemy,
and "nothing shall by any means harm"
them that believe.
The writer was instantaneously healed
of a severe attack of ptomaine poison
ing and realized the immediate return
of normal action and harmonious being
through the declaration of the ever
presence of divine life and love. Yet
sedulously avoids poison now. If Mr.
Sprading is to set himself up as a
judge of others, let him judge righteous
judgment and not exact from another
evidence of sincerity which he is not
willing to furnish himself, for his at
titude is a tacit denial of the possi
bility of obeying the Instructions of
Josus or of meeting the test which he
states "Christ left for us," to use his
own language. If he believes that and
claims to be his follower, then he should
prove his faith by works. R. N.
OPPOSES BLIND OBEDIENCE
OF THE FAIR SEX TO MAN
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 7.—
[Editor Herald]: Your Bakersfield
correspondent, C. H., who advocates
blind obedience to man, whether
worthy or not, reminds me of the
Methodist deacons of ancient type, who
are continually reminding us that we
are "unworthy worms," unfit for any
thing but the heel of the Almighty.
Just so long as men and women retain
such views of God and themselves
there can be no advancement for the
Moreover, it is an insult to God him
self. If we are so unworthy, why did
God send his Son into this '"world of
sin and sorrow" (according to these),
to teach us, his own creation, mind
you, how to live? No, sir! God is
very, very well satisfied with us when
we endeavor to keep the laws of his
planning, and live clean lives.
Tell her also that "thinking women"
do not accept the teachings of either
Moses or Saul of Tarsus before those
of Jesus Christ, the emancipator of
woman.
If God could, or would talk to Eve
only through Adam, Jesus, the great
est of all men and the only authorized
representative of God, could and did
confide his plans for tHe betterment of
the human family to woman. In his
estimation she was fully capable of
understanding and of being an apt
helper in all his labors, even at that
stage of the world's history, where she
was deprived of most of the advantages
she holds today.
If (according to C. H.) God had to
make Adam the channel of communica
tion between himself and Eve I shall
never cease to thank him for the im
pudence of the devil, who not only
saw that woman was capable of under
standing, but was also courageous
enough to walk in, even if It was
somewhat risky.
Without evil we could not understand
good or God. AMICUS.
WORKER BELIEVES HE HAS
CAUSE TO THROW BRICKS
ALTADENA, April 15.—[Editor Her
aldj: "A correspondent says Socialists
"must" eat the bread of capitalism.
Then let them stop heaving bricks at
the baker."—Herald Editorial.
True enough, dear brother, and yet if
we furnish the bakeshop, the flour and
all the etceteras we ought, considering
the "hand-out" which we have received
in the year of our Lord 1908 and 1909, be
accorded the poor privilege of heaving a
few bricks in the direction of the baker,
don't you think?
J. MALCOMB JONES.
A Sale in Prospect
"What Is that picture Intended to repre
sent?" asked the friend.
"Board and lodging for six weeks," re
plied the artist »bsentnvi>vd»dly.—Washing
ton Post.
AMERICAN TARIFF LAWS
XXI— Protection Propoganda
FREDERIC J. HASKIN
Some Idea may be formed as to the
far-reaohing consequences of the un
ending campaign of education in fnvor
of protection when it Is stated that
20 000 votes properly distributed would
have made the present congress Demo
cratic, and 40,000 properly placed would
have made the Sixtieth congress of the
same political complexion. A hundred
thousand votes in the close states
would have placed William Jennings
Brvnn in the White House Instead of
William Howard Taft, and 200,000 cast
In certain states would have made
Alton B. Parker
9L *' mlZ^t j
president over
Theodore Roosevelt.
Ordinarily the re
sult turns on even
a narrower margin
than this. For in
stance, had Mr.
Bryan secured 23,
--000 more votes in
the critical states In
1896, he would have
succeeded Grover
Cleveland. It Is
safe to assume that
the senate's politi
cal complexion
would be likewise
changed, and that
the balance of pow
er between high
tariff and low tar
iff is held by less
than 1 per cent of
the voters of thu
United States.
In nil the history
of politics there has
F. J. Haskin
never been a more
unrelenting, thor-
ough-golng and effective campaign or
education waged than that in behalf of
protection. This campaign began al
most before the constitution became an
accepted fact, and it has continued
from that day to this, gathering
strength, garnering influence and as
suming new proportions, until now it
reaches more people every day In the
year than any other campaign of edu
cation can reach in a full week. Be
side It the literary crusade that was
carried on against slavery pales as does
the moon before the noonday sun.
No one can estimate the thousands
upon thousands of pounds of printers'
ink that have been expended in this
campaign. Weekly and monthly pub
lications are devoted exclusively to the
propagation of protection doctrines.
Others are published In which the pro
mulgation of these doctrines is certain
ly not a secondary Interest. Every
maker of "boiler-plate" stuff for the
small daily and the weekly newspapers
is regularly supplied with matter tend
ing to uphold the protection theory.
Speeahes are circulated, tracts distrib
uted, free editorial matter supplied,
suggestions freely handed out. And so
it goes on incessantly, only with more
energy today than yesterday, and more
tomorrow than today.
Many ar«.the organizations that are
engaged in spreading the protection
sentiment broadcast, such as the Home
Market club, the Union League club
and the American Protective Tariff
league. The latter is the most ag
gressive and the most unrelenting of
all of them. Political parties get very
active during the stress of a campaign,
but as soon as It is over they fall back
into a state of do-nothingness until
the next approaches. But not so with
the American Protective Tariff league.
It works just as hard between cam
paigns as It does while one Is in
progress. Right now it is setting
things in shape for the congressional
election of 1910. It is sending out
cards to protectionists everywhere and
Is getting from them a list of men
who will cast their first votes that
year. These cards will give them all
of the information necessary upon
which to base a systematic bambard
ment of the Judgments of these first
voters, and from now to the election a
year from next fall these young men
will be well Instructed in the cardinal
doctrines of protection.
Nor is that all. While seeking out
the first voters, the American Pro
tective Tariff league is not taking any
chances that the first voters of last
year of any previous year shall be ex
posed to the dangers of backsliding.
They are being cultivated as assid
uously as the prospective voter. Liter
ature is being got out all the tlma
and the tremendous circulation of
"boiler plate" and patent outsides Is
being used to the utmost advantage.
In a recent year in which there was no
election the league distributed twenty
two million pieces of literature.
After this goes on for nearly two
years the political campaign opens up.
The party orators, party workers and
party organs suddenly get busy and
continue so for a few months. Then
comes the voting and the announce
ment of the result. Little wonder is
it that the party espousing protection
is the winner. Men may differ as to
the questions involved in the tariff,
but those who know what has been
taking place cannot but ascribe much
of the credit of victory to the mission
ary work of the protection propa
gandists.
On the other hand, the low tariff ad
vocates are able to do but little mis
sionary work between campaigns.
There are not those wealthy people who
The State Press
Palatable
Raisin day will be April 30, and you are ex
pected to make raisins a chief part of your
diet on that day. This will not be a hardship,
as there Is nothing more palatable than a
choice California raisin.—Santa Monica Out
look.
Easterization
To our married friends with fashionable
spouses we would put the query: "Has your
wife Easterlzed your pocketbook yet?"— Hig
hland Messenger.
Porthole
San Francisco Is worrying over the pronun
ciation of the name Portola, now that a grand
festival Is to be held In October In honor of
ths bluff old Spaniard. Mayor Taylor accents
the last syllable, and the dwellers on Poriola
street insist that the accent Is on the second.
A supervisor comes to the rescue with the sug
gestion that the word be pronounced porthole. •
That settles It.-Ventura Free Press.
Both Fresh and Green
A woman Is like a salad In that both de
pend a great doal 6n the dressing.-Calexlco
ChronicU. .
Fletcher's Philosophy
Fletcher refuses to worry about anything;
he does the best he can, and lets It go at that.
"There are two things you should not worry
about," he says; "things you can help, and
things you can't help."—Modesto News.
. Hindustan
Once the viceroy's council has been thrown
open. It would be absurd to keep the Inferior
councils closed. The new appointee Is a dis
tinguished Hindu lawyer, Mr. Sinha, who buc
ceeds an Englishman as legal member. The
Ixmdon Times says that for the first time since
the beginning of British rule In India "the
supreme authority will shortly pus from ex
clusive Brttleh hand*.' I—San1 —San Jo» Mercury.
have sufficient motive to put up the
money required for an out-of-seoson
campaign In behalf of a low tariff. It
Is always hard enough for the low tariff
people to get money sufficient to carry
them through a campaign, much less
to wage the wnr bteween elections.
Only a few times In the history of the
country has It been different.
The constant fight in favor of pro
tection before the people was begun
about 1820. New York and Philadelphia
had societies pledged to the support of
home Industries, and the test which
determined their attitude toward a pol
itician was whether he would wear
American made clothes. Similar socie
ties sprang up in other states, and the
I politician who opposed them had hard
Hailing afterward. Even presidents of
the United States found it advisable, If
not necessary, that they become mem
bers. About this same time the peti
tion and memorial to congress was
freely brought Into requisition, and
that body might well 4iave concluded
that the world was on fire for protec
tion if they had Judged by the number
of long papers presented whose breath
has long since been squeezed .out of
them by their Incorporation In the big
volumes of the American state papers.
At one point a Philadelphia high tariff
society took a Virginia low tariff asso
ciation to task for advocating free
trade and the argumentative fur flew
for many weeks.
Then, as now, the tariff was largely
a local Issue, and when the southerner
had something to protect he labored for
protection as assiduously as any other
man. The propagandists knew this full
well, and always sought to take advan
tage of the situation. This sort of cru
sade did not suit the free trade advo
cates of that day, and many of them
took the propagandists severely to task
for it. Of their work In 1820 one mem
ber said: "Their unfounded and In
flammatory statements have pervaded
every part of the Union. Each member
of the present congress has been de
luged with enough stuff to fill two
largo volumes."
The high tariff publicity campaign
which resulted In the passage of the
bill of abominations was the greatest
that had yet been undertaken. The
country was fairly deluged with protec
tion literature. Hezekiah Nlles and
Matthew Carey had come to the stage
of action, and they trained their most
powerful guns on the free trader. Ntles
had started his Register in Baltimore
years before, but It was coming Into his
own. A man perfectly sincere In his
convictions, with no selfish Interest in
termixed therewith, he made the
"American system" the passion of his
life. He made Nlles.' Roglster the recog
nized authority on all tariff matters,
and acquired an Influence perhaps never
before or since enjoyed by any tariff
writer.
Matthew Carey went at It in a dif
ferent way. He was the greatest '
pamphleteer protection has ever had.
In one of his later pamphlets he states
that he had written and published
fifty-seven booklets on protection, ag
gregating some 2295 pages, besides
many essays, circulars, memorials and
newspaper articles. He charged the
manufacturers whom he had helped by
his work with being ungrateful, and
when they refused to pay him $570 for
expenses incurred he published the let
ters of gratitude they had written him
alongside of their answer* to his re
quests for compensation.
From the days of Carey and Ntles
down to the present time the output of
literature In favor of protection has
never been allowed to fall off. The
manufacturers of the country con
tribute liberally to the propaganda, and
in addition to this use their own in-
strumentalitles to reach the public. At
the present time a leading manufac
turer of automobiles Is sending: broad
cast to the press a liberal supply of
high tariff literature, and others aro
following his example.
When one looks over the list of publi
cations dealing directly and indirectly
with the tariff, as shown by the indices
of the library of congress, he Is as
tounded by their vast number. They
range all the way up from a ten-page
pamphlet to a 600-page book, and from
that up to a ten-volume set. Nearly all
of this literature is controversial, and
most of it bears the mark of the par
tisan and the politician, rather than
that of the student and the historian.
In all the vast array there are not over,
half a dozen books whose statements
are not more or less tinged by partisan
bias. The protection literature bears a
proportion of more than two to one as
compared with the free trade literature.
The propaganda has Justified Its exist
ence many times over to those respon
sible for it. Representing as It does
the most Incessant and complete mis
sionary effort ever made by any politi
cal party in any country, it has also
yielded fruits beyond tne richest dreams
of avarice. Whether the doctrine of
protection is right or wrong, it has
been hammered so deeply into the
minds of the people that at the present
time it seems not to be a question of
protection or free trade, but of the
degree of protection. The propagan
dists have taught the nation to forget
the old idea that protection should be a
temporary thing and to regard it as a
permanent principle.
(Copyright, 1909, by Frederlo J. Haakln)
Far and Wide
Mexico Suspicious
We must not forget that we are watched by
those who covet Magdalena bay, by those who
nlchnd from Colombia and the Isthmus of
Panama and byyfhe wealthy American men
of enterprise at whose head, like a bird of 111
omen, hovers the multimillionaire liarriman.
—blario del Hogar.
Population Needed
Australia could do worse than offer some
special facilities for Immigration to those who,
like our (Jewish) co-religlonlsta In persecuted
countries, would not be slow to appreciate
refuge In a country for whose future existence
white settlers are indispensable.—Jewish
Chronicle.
Guns
Everywhere public sentiment la growing
against the use of revolvers ("suns," the
younger generation calls them). Every mur
der and holdup Is testimony not only of
vlolenue, but of the Infraction of a law against
carrying concealed weapons.—lndianapolis
News. '
Terrors of Matrimony
An absent-minded man In Cleveland came
near marrying the wrong girl on account of a
confusion of names. Marriage continues to be
fraught with terrors.—Mexican Herald.
No Quarter
No halfway measures will suffice with the
menace of the Black Hand. Blackmailers and
assassins deserve no quarter and wouM ap
preciate none.—Providence Journal.
* *
Watched and Chained
"Watch your legislators; they need to be
watched," advises a New York preacher. And
perhaps some of them ought to be chained,
too.—Salt Lake Tribune.
Wandering Blizzard
Washington's blizzard seems to be exten
sively visiting the middle west.—Anaeond*
Standard.

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