Newspaper Page Text
Los Angeles Herald l ISSUED -EVERT MORNINO Bt THE HERALD COMPANY CHOMAS E. G1880N........... .President FKANK a. WOLFE...... .Managing Ed tor I DAVID O. BAILLIE Associate Editor THOMAS 3. GOLDINO. ■ .Boslnces Manager Entered aa seoond-elase mutter at the postofrice ■In Los Angelea. __ OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN LOS ',' . ■ ANGELES ■ rounded Oct. », 1«« Thirty-sixth Fear. Chamber of Commerce Building. Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10111. The only Demooratlo newspaper In South am California reoeivng full Associated Press reports. - __ NEWS SERVICE — Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Us full report, aver aging 11.000 words a day. EASTERN AGENTJ. P. McKinney, 001 Cambridge building. New York! 111 Boyce building, Chicago. RATES Or SUBSCRIPTION WITH BON DAT MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a m->nth....l .40 Dally, by mail or carrier, three months. 1.10 Dally, by mall or carrier, six months., LIS Dally, by mall or carrier, one year.... 4.»0 Sunday Herald, one year 100 Postage free In United States and Mexico: elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLANDLos Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Franelsco and Oak land Will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets 1n Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A Die of The Los Angeles Herald can be teen at the office of our English representa tives. Messrs. E and J Hardy * Co. 10. II and 11 Fleet street. London. England, free of charge; and that Arm will be glad to re ceive news, subscription! and advertisements •n oar behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager Population of Los Angeles 315,985 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM—Dark. MASON—"The Merry Widow." BELASCO— Collect- Widow." BURBANK—"The Man on the Box." GRAND—"In the Shadow of the Gallows." MAJESTIC—"A Runaway Girl." ORTIIE I'M—Vaudeville. LOS ANGELES— Vaudeville. UNIQUE —Vaudeville and musical comedy. FISCHER'S—AIIen Curtis company in c "Jakey, Ikey and Mlkey." , ♦ ■ m ADVISORY COMMITTEE UNASSAILABLE is the logic of the position held by the Los Angeles good roads advisory committee, expressed In Mr. Butler's letter to the supervisors: "The committee ... cannot consistently see how It should be called upon to approve one member of ' the highway commission and not have the privilege of passing upon the other ' two, and I am therefore directed to say : to you that unless the three names are submitted for approval or disapproval - to this body, we decline to act In the ; matter. I am further directed to ask you whether or not you will submit to this body, for approval or rejection, the three members of the highway com mission." The good roads advisory committee owes a duty to the public, and has never been instructed that any compro mise or half measure will take the place of that duty, and never will be In structed to that effect. If the members of the advisory committee did not insist that the supervisors keep complete faith with the public by consulting the committee on all appointments, as well as on expenditures, the committeemen would be condoning the offensive atti tude and actions of the Solid Three. If the supervisors wish to concede one point to the advisory committee, they should remember by this concession they have acknowledged the committee Is ln the right and the Solid Three in the wrong, and should accept the situ ation with the best grace possible, and bring forth fruits meet for repentance by giving the advisory committee the representative public position and authority with which it was Invested by the people. THE DESERT SOME day the desert may be con fluered. Some day. At present It lies at the doors of our civilization, like a great, tawny monster, vast, silent, cruel, and wait.-; for victims. Week after week the des ert takes Its toll of the human race. More grewsomely and tragically ro mantic than any story by Poo or Ste venson is that of an unknown, unfor tunate wanderer, who died on the burning sands nea-- C*iexlco. Bitten by a rattlesnake, ne lay solitary, help less, agonized through Indescribable hours. Will the day ever come when man will conquer the desert? Surely it is of more importance than tlw conquest of the air, especially as air conquest seems to produce blocd-thirst among the spuriously civilized nations. Is it not worth while to conquer the desert, to devote as much time, Inge nuity, money, heroism to this task as to the Invention and development of airships for military purposes? The conquest of the desert legions of the earth will add thousands of acres to fertile or habitable soil. It will alle viate the social stress and pressure. And it is men's work; giants' work. Let us hope that ere many years have come and gone the great deserts of North America and North t frlca will *c only memories. GREATER LOS ANGELES DURING recent years the population I of Los Angeles ha* been Increased by many recruits from the great harbor cities of the Atlantic. To these men It is hardly necessary to "talk . harbor." They understand exactly j what a big harbor means, not only to j the coast, but the back country. Their j experience In other maritime centers; has taught them the consolidation of, Los Angeles with San Pedro and Wil- j mington ls a vital necessity if the metropolitan area dominated by Los Angeles Is to attain to Its full growth and to conditions of greatest efficiency. To such as they. General Arthur Mur ray stated a self-evident proposition when he said: "Consolidation of your cities is the only thing to make your harbor what It should be. It ls neces sary, If you are to realise the establish ment of a harbor of the character you can build here—AND YOU MAY HAVE ONB OF THE GREAT HARBORS OF THE WORLD. But the thing to make this is to consolidate as you are plan-, ning, and WORK TOGETHER for a public harbor." Consolidation means a consolidation of Interests as well as of government. The only argument against consolida tion that would be worth listening to would be founded on proof it was against the interests of Los Angeles. This ls absurd and preposterous on the face of it. The antl-consolidationist who talks as if Los Angeles should pursue an existence and plan a career without reference to maritime condi tions or the completion of the Panama canal Is talking like a madman. More over, the antl-consolldatlonlst who neg lects the faat that, as Mr. Call has said, "the people of the Greater Los Angeles area are all held in commercial bondage by the railroad trust under existing conditions," has the spirit of a slave and not of a freeman. For commercial, industrial, social, educational reasons and for the sake of creating conditions that will provide the greatest good for the greatest num ber In the old fashioned true blue American way. Greater Los Angeles will be established, and the railway trust smashed, and the prosperity that will follow commercial freedom will be the greatest and most general in the history of Southern California. SPAIN BARCELONA, the center of Spanish revolutionary disturbances, is also the center of Spanish industrial- Ism. If the ranchers of Spain were in sympathy with the people of the manu facturing, mining and shipping dis tricts, there would be a strong prob ability that with the aid of the Carlist legitimists King Alfonso might be de throned. But It must he remembered Alfonso's opponents are divided not only Into two industrial sections, rural and metropolitan, but into two political camps between which there is no love lost. In one hostile camp are the Carlist legitimists, the Jacobites of Iberia, who would like to see the fall of Alfonso in order that the "Tory" royalists might come Into their own again, wresting power from the "liberal," or constitu tional royalists. In the other hostile camp are the representatives of another force that must be reckoned with, an ever increasing number of "industrial ists," men and women who are Repub lican on Socialist Hneß. They wish to have all the various rival royalists sent about their business, and to establish in Spain a Socialist Republic—the first of its kind, Alfonso's hope of safety and of con tinuation in his kingship lies in the unbridgable gulf between the royal rev olutionaries and the radical revolution aries. With a wise, crafty counselor— a skilled, practical politician of a type well known in the United StateAl fonso might play one Inimical wing against another and retain his throne and his salary. But Spain is Platt-less and Herrln-less. If Alfonso should bo dispossessed, Spain's troubles will only have been begun, for the Carlist legitimists will rally every reactionary force, every representative of privilege, every concessionary, in the endeavor to crush out radicalism and suppress So cialism. This will have the effect of massing all the radicals— matter what "isms" they may advocate—under one banner, and the history of Cuba will be repeated on a larger scale in a prolonged civil war. And the military leader of the conservatives will be none other than "Butcher" Weyler. SPOOK FLUMMERY DESPITE the fact the raid of the take spook seance was success ful and convincing, some of the hide-bound believers in Spiritualism who attended the meeting which was rudely disturbed by various prosaic and practical officious and official persons, were heard to say the spirltmongers had been duped and tricked by the sons of Belial who had Interrupted the psychic pow-wow. This shows that Barnum was correct when he said peo ple dearly love to bo fooled; nay, more, that when disillusioned they are apt to turn on the dislllusioner and (so to speak) rend him limb from limb. No one regrets more keenly the suc cess of the raid than the newspaper representative who was engaged In it. If he had been enabled to return to The Herald office with the statement the spirits had really appeared unto him this newspaper would have an nounced with enthusiastic Joy the lat est and most Important of all scien tific discoveries. We would have opened up wireless communication with the spooks and would have put Horace Greeley on our consulting editorial staff and asked Ben Franklin to Inspect the printing presses and give us some new wrinkles. But, alas! lt fell to the lot of our representative to be disappointed; to witness another tawdry example of the wretched mummery-flummery which must be as disgusting to bona fide spooks as it ls to human beings. <&S ANGELES HERALD; ■ SATURDAY -MORNING; JULY 31, 1909. Remember the Canal Street Fence 'I ■ JgVJjt rpt^lwAßE HOUSE I \^yl': i*~~rr <:$iN Vs%^ ' HISTORY'S LESSON ' MR. HIGH HORN'S "History of the Legislature" (of 1909), is really a skillful analysis rather than a bald historical review . In his preface Mr. Hlchborn says his purpose was not only to show WHAT was done at Sacramento last winter, but, what is far more Important, HOW it was done. To this end the several measures are divided under three heads, namely, those dealing with moral, with political and with industrial Issues. Instead of scattering on all the measures intro duced, or even a considerable part of them, the principal Issue of each group, that which meant the most to the people, and upon which the ma chine centered its efforts, has been se lected for detailed consideration. Thf history of those thus selected for con sideration shows the machine—or, If you like, the system—at Its work of passing undesirable measures, and of blocking the passage of good measures. We quote from the preface: "If the story of the session of the California legislature of 1909 assist the citizens of California to understand how this Is done; if it give them that knowledge of the weakness, the strength, the pur pose and the affiliations of the senat ors and assemblymen who sat in the legislature of 1909, of which the ma chine managers have had heretofore a monopoly; If it point the way for a new method of publicity to crush cor ruption and to promote reform, the la bor of preparing this work for the press Will have been justified." Mr. Hichborn's history is of great value, not only to the voters who wish to take an intelligent Interest ln affairs of the day, but to students of govern mental systems in actual operation. No doubt political students In all parts of the country and of the world will be highly edified when they read of the manner in which freedom was de graded and prostituted and free insti tutions were outwitted and misused ln California. PEACE il ICHOLAB MURRAY BUTLER says V the idea of two cultured peoples ■a-* like the British and the German quarreling and tearing each other to pieces is revolting, and the mere thought of it ought to dismay the civ ilized world. We think the civilized world Is refusing, to be dismayed by the thought because it is refusing to take it seriously. A collision of the kind indicated by Mr. Butler has formed the subject for fantastic, hypothetical, sensational articles which any man with a skill in words and a knowledge of superficial facts may construct. It Is very easy to create a panic anywhere at any time. Persons who have brought about a war nanlc in the United Kingdom, and are now attempt- Ing to infect the United States with it are reprehensible and irresponsible, and occupy with relation to world-society and "all people that on earth do dwell" exactly the same position that the gal lery Idiot who yells "Eire!" occupies to the audience. They are nuisances. The cordial Franco-British-Canadian- American reunion at Lake Champlaln is being advertised to the anxious Ger mans as a certain Indication there is a secret understanding between the friendly nations represented at the cel ebration, and that this secret under standing bodes ill to Germany. What nonsense! Dr. Butler says: "It Is the plain duty of the friends of both the United King dom and Germany—and what right minded man Is not the warm friend and admirer of both these splendid peo pled—to exert every possible Influence to promote a better understanding of each of these peoples by the other, a fuller appreciation of the services of each to modern civilization, and to point out the folly, not to speak of the wickedness, of allowing the seeds of discord to be sown between them by any element in the population of either.*" V • .'. Voters, How About the Barrier Builders? DR. BURDETTE C WIZENS of Los Angeles, Irre spective of church or creed, unite •ln congratulating Rev. Dr. Rob ert J. Burdette on having completed sixty-five years of useful life. We have no doubt many of our readers will be astonished to learn that "Bob" can count so many birthdays. He has drunk of the fountain of perpetual youth: Is not old, but young: and young will ever be. No matter how many years may be added to his life, they will be years of youth, and not of age. His heart Is young, and the thoughts of his heart are young, and "as he thlnketh in ', his heart, so is he." The people of Los Angeles are Justi fied In holding to the belief Dr. Bur dette is a young man. Wo hope he may live to see many more birthdays, and to enjoy many more years of useful, youthful activity ln lovely Los Angeles. Kind o' queer, Isn't lt, to read of lawyers appealing for mercy for their clients on account of the power of whisky over the clients? And of men with criminal propensities or with rankling grudges consuming liquor un til their courage ls at the sticking point, and then murdering someone? And to realize' the provocative, whis ky, Is on open sale, while the weapons with which to commit crime can be purchased without difficulty? Historians will record the fact the Alexander administration was dis tinguished for the part it played in the progress of Los Angeles: but no ac tion will loom larger in the review or will count for more in the summing up than the establishment and appoint ment of a Humane commission. Los Angeles bank clearings for the week show the largest gain recorded by any city in the state. Los Angeles is the most flourishing city in the civil ized world. And 'when It becomes Greater, it will continue to hold its leadership and will extend it to sea as well as land. < / Horticultural commission reports in another year Los Angeles county will be freer from Insect pests than any other In the state. Good work! Other counties must follow the example of Los Angeles if they wish to avoid the inconvenience of a quarantine. Los Angeles weather is seasonable and reasonable. In the great cities of the east, poor people are sweltering and suffocating and rich people are fleeing to the mountains and the sea side. "The earth hath bubbles, as the water hath." Anti-consolidation ru mors are the most bubbly of all. Good Government clubs and Good Government will flourish in Greater Los Angeles. A Mean Man "Her husband Is a brute." "As to how?" "Got her to help save up for an automobile, and then put the mone ylnto a house."—Kan sas City Journal. ♦<-*■ Quite So Boms of us have more liberal views when In New York than we display when at home in -Kansas City Jonrnal. —— A ' » N Explaining to Oliver My sense' of sight is very keen, My sense of hearing weak. One time I saw a mountain pass But I could not hear Its peak. —Oliver Herford. Why, Ollie, that you failed in this Is not so very queer. To bear Its peak you should, you know, Have had a mountaineer. — Boston Transcript. Or, Ollie, you'd have heard its peak, And need not have stood near, Or strained yourself at all, If you Had Just had a glacier. —Houston Post. Public Letter Box TO COBRJMrONDJKMXa —Letters Intended for publication "U.i be uci-ompiinlrd by the name and address of the writer. The tier* ald elves the widest latitude to correspond ents, but assumes no responsibility for their views. QUESTIONS BIBLICAL STORY OF CREATION LOS ANGELES, July 27.— [Editor Herald]: Tour correspondent ln these columns, basing their authority on the Bible, have failed to give us a very good account of the origin of evil. It seems evident that If we follow the Bible story of creation to Its logical conclusion It places the Indictment for the creation of evil against God him self, and this takes us back to the be ginning of things, creation, so-called. There are two propositions before the world; you can take your choice. The first is that the universe was "created" out of nothing in a very short period of time by an infinite, alj wise, all everything else, God, who always ex isted on nothing, and that "all things were created perfect," some eight or ten thousand years ago, more or less, and the forces then operating are no longer active. The other theory Is that matter al ways existed, and through the great laws of change the universe grew, evolved, and Is still changing, building up and tearing down, the same forces now operating as always. Science says evolution explains the universe, or. In other words, the universe explains It self If we study Its manifestations. It Is more in accord with what we know of life and matter to suppose that the mass of the universe—gas or solid—always existed, and that through the great law of change It evolved Into Its present form and condition, than It is to believe that nn Infinite God, who always existed on nothing, should create It out of nothing. If he existed for all eternity, why did he wait until 10.000 years ago before creating things? What was he doing all this time? Now, I challenge tho whole creation theory for the following reasons: First —There is no evidence anywhere ln the universe of anything having been created. All things, from the atom to man, nre evolved, developed or born from the smallest divisions of matter. Second Perfection, which Is essential to all orthodox conceptions of the uni verse, Is not evident. If there were a perfect God, we would expect to see a perfect work, but such does not exist. Take man, for Instance, said to be made ln "God's own image," the high est of the "creations," etc. There Is nothing about any of them to suggest perfection. The eye, one of the most acute organs, it serves the purpose, you say, but it Is a prettye poor piece of mechanics. Why, a lense maker who could not do better at lense mak ing could not do business twenty-four hours! That is not all. The creator is not only a poor mechanic, but a most extravagant one. In order to perpetuate the species of codfish it is necessary for the codfish to lay a mil lion eggs. Ts there infinite wisdom ln wasting 999,999 little lives to secure one? Third — If a creation occurred we might expect to sco a model or pattern or nt least ' some sameness In the "creations," but they are not there; no two of anything are Identical; Individ uality forbid* I will not bore the readers with further argument but to state that anyone with a working knowledge of science and a little comon sense ought to s.e the uselessness of a. creator. Our left scientists tell us there is no definite plan or purpose visible In the universe. Evolution does not need a plan. Conditions were not made for life, but life means response to con ditions and the survival of the fittest. My purpose In attacking this old superstition, which is the mother of all our present evils, Is not an Idle one, for the Institutions of society today rest on or at least are profoundly Influenced by this old Idea of origin and destiny of things. I hold, therefore, that It Is fundamental to human existence and happiness to have a scientific under standing of life and existence, the which ennot be had by a belief in the plan. This Is the Ignorance which Is the "root of all evil," and the saddest part is that it is Ignorance clonked In authority. DR. HUMANITAS. / —>— .. —.. I. l-'Si SHOWS GREAT IMPROVEMENT IN PROHIBITION STATES ONTARIO, July 28.—[Editor Herald]- I see by Mr. McMullln's latest letter that he is a man who would not hold a man and pour booze down him in case he was strictly opposed to it. But ha plainly shows a disposition to allow THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS IV—GERMANS IN THE ORIENT Frederic J. Haskin SINGAPORE.— The warmest topic of the period In Singapore Is the question of how much of the vast sea borne trade between Europe and the Far East will eventually fall Into the hands of the Germans. Be cause of their faculty for finding the opportunity, and making the most of It, the Germans are often spoken of as the Yankees of Europe. Every Ameri can business man knows how success ful the German-American citizen Is In the United States, and to what quali ties his success is due. With the same unremitting pqrserverance and self sacrificing devotion to office hours and the details of business that charac terizes him In America, the Ger man In the Orient Is making a fight for a lion's share of trade, and he Is getting It. ... In America where he competes wltn others equally as willing to get up early In-the morning and sit up late at night in the prosecution of com mercial campaigns the German wins laurels. In the Orient at pres ent he competes chiefly with the Brit on who can hold ids ground by rlgats of squatter sovereignty since the days when the English, succeeded the Portu guese and Dutch as the largest traders east of the Red Sea. V ' - Singapore, as "the second doorway or the world's trade." is not new In Im portance, but it is of increasing signif icance because Of the rapid develop ment of Malaya, and because railroad building between the Ural mountains and the Pacific will, in the future, open to the world's commerce large markets now Inaccessible. The in creasing Industrial and commercial ac tivity In India will also he a factor In bringing : lore ocean commerce through "the second doorway." Until recently the paramountry of Great Britain as a trader in the^east was nn established fact, and that sne would remain in possession of her trade was unquestioned. Conditions unex pected ten years ago by students of the commercial equations of the Orient have developed and the English are anxiously asking one another to what extent the German advance will go. If there' is one word that will ade quately tell the secret of Germany s rapid acquirement of an Important part of the business she ls seeking, that word is "adaptability." The British method has been, his torically, to Invade a foreign country peacefully as a merchant and, eventu ally, to annex the country. to the em pire or gain concessions of territory sufficient to constitute a firm foothold and create a sphere of Influence well calculated to Insure the dominance of the English commercial houses and the English marine. The German method is to learn conditions ln the market and seek to meet them better than tho English have done. After a preliminary survey, followed by a closer study of existing oppor tunities and the possibility of creating new ones, the German begins his cam paign by a devotion to business that Is abhorrent to the sport-loving Briton, whose club is hardly less important in his estimation that his counting room. The Englishman has office hours and keeps them. The German has none. If there Is sufficient work to do he may be found In his office at midnight. He pays little attention to holidays, and his liberal Ideas as to how the Sabbath should be spent do not prevent him from doing a little work on the seventh day as well as the other six. He cares little for tennis, does not play cricket or football or spend his time at the faces. When he is not actually at work he Is planning for tomorrow. • • • After offlce hours the English busi ness man drives to his club or the race course, or goes home and dons his lawn tennis suit or riding toggery. After dinner he puts on his smoking jacket and spends the evening in resting from the rigors of a day of business and sport combined. He Is conscientiously following out what ho considers the best plan, and ls not consciously over looking chances to increase business. He believes with the duke of Welling ton that Waterloo was won on the cricket fields of England, and believes as firmly that strenuousness ln the tropics Is fatal. That one must, by proper exercise and rest, keep physical ly fit Is a maxim he does not violate. That the rule of. moderation ln work Is a good one for the Individual all physicians and philosophers agree. That the violation of the rule nets business to the German nation, possibly at the expense of the bodily welfare of the Individual, Is plain, and the dif ference between the German and Eng- lish outlook upon the commercial fu hlm to drink, even though ho takes the bread and meat out of his child's mouth with which to get it, rather than to interfere with his personal libeitles— tut what about the personal liberties of the dear child ho starves in order to get the drink? , You say you "urge temperance," Mr. McMullln. I knew a man ln Aurora, Ind., who said thirty or forty glasses of beer a day wouldn't hurt a man; but for a man to make a hog of himself— he didn't believe in it; he believed In temperance, too. No, you think the evil of drink can , never be overcome because history says lt has failed ln the past. Rev. E. E. Folk of Tennessee, a very able man, thinks differently. He said before a state gathering not long since that "The whole south will be prohibi tion territory within five years, and the entire Union in twenty-five years." "It will not be many years until we will as soon think of returning to slavery as to booze gelling." In your former letter you said that drunkenness was far worse throughout the south since the adoption of prohibi tion than it was before. In the city of Knoxville, Term., during the year end ing November 1, 1907, before prohibi tion, there were 5144 arrests made. The following year, under prohibition, there were 2602—a decrease of 2542. For drunkenness alone during same length of time there were, for the year pre ceding prohibition, 2743; and for the first year of prohibition only 1303— de crease of 1431. And the number of mur ders decreased from thirty-eight during the last year of the licensed booze sys tem to fourteen during the first year Its sale was prohibited. Here is what a booze paper has to say: "It is not the Anti-saloon league nor the preachers nor the fanatics nor the women who are routing the saloon ln state after state, but the votes are being cast by men .who drink wine, beer and whisky." This was proved by the vote cast in the mining districts of Illinois tit the first election under the local option law. We never counted on knocking the saloons out of the mining districts, but to our surprise the miners declared themselves in favor of a per sonal liberty to spend their money for the benefit of their families Instead of the saloon keeper, brewer and distiller. In Birmingham, Ala., we find that there were 11,812 arrests made during the year preceding prohibition, and 7333 the first year of prohibition, a decrease of 4479 In favor of prohibition; and to refute what you have said about there being more drunkenness ln the south under prohibition, Mayor Ward said ture is that one is optimistic and tha other somewhat apprehensive. . Aside from his determination to win by, "stlcktoltlveness," the German makes an energetlo^ effort to find out Just what is wanted by the buyers ln the.market he invades. And he manu factures goods to meet these require ments, it makes no difference to him that somthlng else, possibly something better from the European standpoint, or superior from the point of view of any one who Is capable -of sound judgment, is sold in the German cities. The important point is to make the ar ticle that most readily sells where tho effort la bejng made to sell it. Tho British error is to hold that what is food enough for the purchaser "at home" should find favor with the heathen, and that the heathen should not be catered to, but educated to know what he should desire. • • • Not the smallest part of the German campaign or aggression in the Orient is the effort—decidedly • expensive at present—to win the passenger trnfflo between European and far eastern ports and between Europe and Austra lia. It was a half century ago that 8 famous American traveler an.l writer of books, voyaging from Europe to In dia and the further east ln an English steamer, put down In his journal -the statement that a certain steam naviga tion company, "being a monopoly is, like all monopolies, a mode] of mean ness." There is still complaint upon the part Of the traveling public that the English ships, which until recently enjoyed a' virtual monopoly of th.* passenger traffic to the east, have fol lowed the plan of making dividends rather than making friends of their pa trons. Finding In this situation an op portunity for advancing their Inter ests, the Germans have left nothing undone In an effort to court favor with those who go down to the sea in ships. The custom of serving tea at 4 o'clock In the afternoon is a fixture In England .md a long established custom on Eng lish ships. Upon the largo British lin ers In eastern waters the passengers may go to tho dining-saloon for tea or go without it. The German liners not cnly serve tea on deck, but also servo at the tea hour foods and beverages aimed at tho taste of the large part of the traveling public that does not like tea. Jn more important things there is the san effort to meet the demands of the patrons rather than educate tho public to satisfy Itself with customs • that reflect a national Idea of what should be expected. ! The result is that the German steamers aro growing In popularity with the general public, and by comparison their rivals are suffer ing In the estimation of many travel ers. While the proportion of German name plates upon the doors of Singa pore business houses Is increasing, the liners and cargo boats flying the kai ser's flag are coming out from th-» European ports With goods ln their holds and pnsengers In their cabins that formerly belonged to the English as a matter of course. • • • The facts in the case having become plain to many thinking Englishman, discussion of the outlook Is rife In the east and ln certain quarters "at home." The English Oriental press and some of the eastern correspondents of London newspapers comment freely upon the fact that trade Is slipping through the fingers of their countrywen Into the hands of the Germans—and It may be said In passing the Japanese and Chi nese. "Sport ls sapping our genius for expansion." thunders one well informed critic, writing from the east to his home paper. "The flannel type of Brit on," writes another, "should reflect se riously whether It is worth while to let love of clubs -and sport oust us from the commercial field." But despite the almost continuous fire of criticism from their fellow coun trymen, the methods and habits of tho Briton in the east are unchanged. The average clerk in a British commercial house In Singapore belongs to more social and sporting clubs than a wealthy retired business man in New York. Often, as a result, he Is a bor rower from a Tamil money lender. ■ While the Germans disregard holi days, the British have In the orient, In addition to nine regular "bank holi days" a, year, holidays declared in favor of spring and autumn race meet ings and cricket contests, bringing the total up to nearly one month in.twelve. This does not Include the long "home leave" taken now and then by every Briton In the orient. Tho Englishman may live the longer for his temperate ness In Industry and devotion to sport, but the Blrtlsh ascendency in eastern trade, bought at a heavy price in blood and treasure, ls feeling the effect. —America ln the Philippines: I. 1-plirtiiiK the I lllplno. _______ that 470 of the arrests during the flrst ' year of prohibition were for violation of the prohibition laws, and should thus bo added to the decrease figures of that year—thus making the decrease 4949 for prohibition period. The revenue collections on beer and other distilled spirits for the eastern district of Wisconsin for nine months ending April 1, last, showed a decrease of $342,115. This amount will go a long way in supplying bread and meat to former drunkardß' children; and the figures discredit your statement as to tho per capita Increase of drinking, as shown by revenue receipts. One of the^partles sending to Wichita for the beer'" was one who ls now -urg ing temperance, I presume, yet strain ing himself in nn effort to defeat it. Jt was only a dream, however; he had gotten Into prohibition territory and thought he could get booze in Wichita. I know of two men at Woodward, Okla., who never did any good the greater part of their lives, back in In diana, on account of booze, and who are now wfil\ fixed with flne farms. We temperance people who are hon est In our efforts, and do not pretend/ to encourage lt while writing dlscour agingly about lt, but provo by our ac tions that we are heartily in earnest, would not think of taking the blood money offered by the brewers for char ity. We believe In keeping the brewers from getting It from thousands who are not able to keep their families com fortable for their amber-colored poison.* The more brewers and the richer they get, the more people we have depend ing on charity. W. S. BURROUGHS. ANSWERS MARY MAGDALENE ON QUESTION OF PURITY LOS ANGELES, July 29.—[Editor Herald]: The man signing himself "Mary Magdalene," In Saturday's Let- ■ tor Box, says: "The purity of woman makes the world a fit place to live ln. For the love of heaven, leave her as she is." I believe in the purity of woman to such an extent that I would like to live to see the day when every woman of the world ls pure, regard less of the "rights" of fallen men. As fallen men claim that they have a right to be Immoral, It would no doubt work a hardship on them If some I mothers" daughters did not go astray, but nevertheless I valoue the purity of my neighbors' daughters more than I do the "rights" of fallen men. ' VERA FIDELIA.