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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVKRI' MORMNO BY . THE HERALD COMPANY fIiOMAS K. GIBBON President FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor ' THOMAS J. GoLlHMl. ..Business Manager UAVII) U. BAILLXE A.»ocmt« K-ilui- Entered as second-class matter at the 1 pectofflce In Los Angeles. OLDEST UIIKMXU FAfKB IN IMS ANOJiI-KS Con-deil Oct. 2, 181 S. Tlilrty-nlTth year., Chamber of Commerce Building Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Bom* 10211., The only Democratic newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated Press reports. *" * NEWS BER "ICE—Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 16,000 words a day. EASTERN AGENT—J. P. McKlnney Mi Cambridge building. Now York; Ml Boyce building, Chicago. 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Gates, advertising man ager _ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN Iff RETRORSIIM ft) AT THE THEATERS ArniTOßHM—"The Gay Musician." MASON —"The Yankee Prince." 11l KIIANK —"The Dairy Farm.* UF.I.ASC'O — "In the Bishop's Carrlafe." MAJESTIC — "In Old Kentucky." OUPHEUM—Vaudeville. GRAND— "A Chinese Honeymoon." LOS ANGELES— OLYMPIC— Musical burlesque. UNIQUE — and comedy. FISCHER'S—Musical burlesque. COTTON COTTON growing experiments In California should be taken in ear nest. In fact, is It not past the time to talk of them ns experiments? Has it not been shown California cot ton is tho equal of any produced In the southern states, and far superior to that which the British havu suc ceeded in coaxing from the soil once cropped by the Pharaohs? There Is an ever-Increasing demand for American cotton, and .the Buccess of the cotton industry in this state is greatly to be desired. Cotton exports last month broke all records in the history of the cotton trade in the United States. According to the latest reports furnished by the department of commerce and labor, the total value of cotton exported in October was $88,883,350. No other month ever reached the $50,000.0n0 line In the value of cotton sent out of tho coun try. The value of cotton exports for the ten montTis ending with October, 1909, was $328,526,885, against $316.6U3,265 in the corresponding period of 1907, the highest record ever attained for a like period. The value of cotton exported In 19u9 probably will ex. eed that of any earlier year in the, history of tho export trade. It Will be more than $5OO,00t),00O. Cotton exports show a more rapid growth in recent years than those of any other products of the United States; and with Owens river water power and water freight from San Pedro harbor, Los Angeles has a most excellent opportunity of developing a manufactured cotton industry. The best customers for the cotton of the United States are, in the order named, the United Kingdom, Gernunj, France, Italy, Spain, Japan, Belgium, Canada, Russia and Mexico. LITERARY DUEL ARMS and the writr-y knights we sing! La Galllenne to tlie fore! To meet him Watson's on the wing, bound for our dollarouß shore. They're talking just like anything and hinting: hard at Gore. Now, William Watson, do thy best and quit thee like a man; bat with Le Galllenno Joust the teat upon a modern plan. Arm, arm, re Lrave, •with martial mien. Come, gir;l ye for the fray, each wlt.i a hardy type machine which nimble fingers and, being set at paces tc:n and glar ing 1 eye to eye, charge, doughty ki and charge like men resolved to do or die. With sonnets, songs ami triolets hammer your hatred out. Be ours, be ours to hold the bets; be ours to chant the bout. For never yet In all the range of literary deeds hath been re corded such a strange encounter; am! the screeds resulting from the horrid fray, collected, bound and nold will send the warriors both away deep ballasted with gold. (V/hich is exactly what they are after). Col. Astor Is all right, and the Nour mahal is safe and sound. John Jacob's useful work in the world is not ended jet OUR CITY'S PRESTIGE LOS ANGELES is making history at such a rato that statistical reports concerning it are quickly out of dato. 'Within two weeks the banks broke the business record for one day's transactions; real estate on Broadway was sold at a record-break- Ing price per front foot and building records for the first two weeks of No vember showed over $600,000 In permits issued, which was double the amount for the corresponding period a year ago. This Is Indeed a splendid record of record-breaking for our "TTncle Aleck town," as tha morning machine organ calls it. Wo must give our contem porary credit for one virtue. It really has enough horse sense tr associate conditions with causes to the extent it calls Los Angeles an "Uncle Aleck town," showing it is deeply Impressed by the fact the influence and prestige of the Alexander administration have produced conditions of unprecedented progress find prosperity. Nor can it very well overlook the fact that during the Alexander admin istration tha laws havo been enforced thoroughly and impartially, with the result the city stands on higher moral ground than ever before In its history, and on account of this and Other con ditions enjoys a better financial Hand ing than any other city of its size in the world. Such is its financial prestige that with an Alexander administration it may look forward to the accomplish ment of achievements that will mako It one of.-the greatest of American cities, the metropolis of the west. It behooves citizens to conserve jeal ously the moral reputation and the financial prestige of Los Angeles. It Is the duty of voters to keep in office men who will safeguard the- Owens river project, harbor development and every other undertaking on the city's program. Los Angeles is an Uncle Aleck town. We must keep It up to the standard of cleanliness and of suc cess It has reached during the first Alexander administration. Along with Mayor Alexander the voters must elect officials who will be in sympathy with his policies and will labor constantly to advance the best Interests of the community. Clarence M. Taggart, candidate for city tax and license collector, should be elected and thereby the proper and businesslike collection of the revenue derived from taxes and licenses should be assured. Los Angeles undoubtedly has lost a great deal of money through careless ness on the part of license and tax collectors of less business experience, firmness and promptness than Mr. Taggart; while the offico has support : too many useless hangers-on whose chief and only claim to fitness for the positions for which they have drawn salaries has been based upon tho fact the machine collar fitted them and they wore It with easy grace, or, rather, without consciousness of dis grace, c For reasons similar to those which should assure popular support of Mr. Taggart, John 8. Myers should be elected city auditor. For the sake of the best business Interests of Los An geles his election Is necessary. A good government council composed of men who will transact the business of tho city in a businesslike manner Is of tho utmost Importance to Los Angelet and will bo assured by the election of Joslas J. Andrews, Martin X BttkOUlki, Miles S. Gregory, T. L. O'Brien, Richmond Plant, W. J. Wash burn. George Williams and John D. Works. PAX AMERICANA ¥TT F< cannot help being amused at VV tlie wlaa utterances of our Re * ' pupllean morning: contemporary on the subject of wars and rumors of wars. There Is not the least likelihood of a war between th© United States and any foreign nation, but unfortunately for our frlend'l argument about the Mood ties nf Americans, history proves it to be bosh. Ha says Eugllsh citizens In this country would be very lnath to take up arms against their relatival on the other side of the Atlantic; and he finds similar consolation with i to German citizens. This makei good plaualble writing, but history shows the folly c f it. All the principal wars conducted by people who use the English or American lan guage have been family wars. The wars of the Hoses in England, the Cromwell wars in England, the pro tracted warfare between Bcotland and England, the Scottish rebellion of 17X5, tho Bcottlah rebellion of 1745, the Amer ican rebellion, which, beini< tucceilful, became a revolution in 177 ii; the Irish rebellion in 17915, the war of isi2, the w. r of the American domestic rebellion, and last, but by no means least, the war In South Africa, were all wars in which men of the same blood and speaking the same language fought on opposing sides with far more fury than they ever displayed in any of their con tests with men of distinctly foreign race* and blood. We hope and believe there will be no more wars, especially among nations enjoyingl language, literature and many traditions in common, but the sugges tion that because of consanguinity war Is out of the question, and the Ameri cans, with five big wars "to their credit" in a little over a century, and three of these wars with men of their own blood, will be deterred by any of the considerations advanced by our delightfully Ingenuous friend, is as ludicrous as the intimation of our friend that he believes Americans are people of "a very peaceful disposition." If we are to reckon all the Indian wars, big and little, from the Black Hawk war to Wounded iCnee and the Qeronlmo fights, we will find that our peaceful nation is the most belligerent in the world. Our past habit of war fare makes it all tho more Important that, while constantly pr< pared to de fend ourselves, we should try to give the twentieth century a clean record, and make the Pax Americana a perma nent reality. LOS ANGELES HERALD: WEDNESDAY MORNTNG, NOVEMBER 24, 1009. INDUSTRIAL PENSIONS A GREAT mining accident—the more tha public learns about It the worse It appears to be—has AGAIN brought home to the people of this country the unjust discrimina tion between tho treatment of enlisted men who wear Uncle Sam's uniform and men who do not wear his uniform but are subjected to one hundred perils for every one to which the average sol dier is exposed. Soldiering Is a tame trade when compared with mining or Iron and steel working, or explosives making, or railroading. Mining Is easily first among the really dangerous pursuits In which men are engaged. It Is far more dangerous than military service. Even In time of iwir the average soldier is safer than tho average miner; while In time of peace, If to bo In peril Is heroic, then the miners of the United States, and not the soldiers, are the heroes, and should get the monuments and the mass meetings and the bras 3 bands and the pensions. In common decency they should be pensioned. Even If the country can not bring itself to acknowledge the Justice of any other Btyle of old-age pension, in the name of all that's hu mane and honorable let us have an old-age pension for deep-down miners. Unless conaitlons are mightily im proved most of them won't live to draw that pension, but as long as they are alive they may think about It and get a little bit more of cheer than usually falls to their lot. And there should be stated sums for the wounded of the army of industry. When a soldier on active duty la wounded he is compensated. When a workman on active duty is wounded he is thrown out of employment, and if this should reduce him to friendless pennllessness he is cast into the poor house. Sometimes in the mining districts of the east employers have been driven by public opinion to give money to wounded employes. But tho Pitts burg survey has revealed the heartless hypocrisy, sham and make-believo of this. Examination of many per manently injured workmen was con ducted with a view to ascertaining tho actual amounts paid to them for their injuries, and the following was the re sult: For the loss of an eye, NOTHING to JUOO; for los 3of an arm, NOTHING to $300; for loss of two fingers, NOTII ING to $100, for loss of leg, NOTHING to $2'Zii. In aach case the sum men tioned represented the total amount of the pension of the disabled breed winner. Some state legislatures have taken up this important matter, and It may be a needed reform will be accom plished. The legislatures of New York, Wisconsin and Minnesota have ap pointed special committees to study industrial insurance and recommend a system upon which intelligent lawa may be based ]f these three great states solve the problem the other states doubtless will fall in line and humanitarianlsm will assist industrial civilization to be an endurable instead of an oppressive system. Insurgents who are covering them selves with war paint and preparing to CO on the aggressive path I' ;nngres3 represent a bewildering novelty in poli tics, when is a Republican not a Re publican? Since, as you have gu. ' an insurgent Is not a party Republi can, why doos he insist on remaining with the Republican party? The in surgents never will get the reforms they want until they join hands with tho Democrats, Death at the Davits RECKLESS DRIVING JUDGE WILLIS in a decision has embodied the principle that any person operating an automobile at an Illegal rate of speed la crimin ally liable for accidents that may occur aa the result of such violation The decision will be applauded by the friends and practlcers of sane and safe automoblllng—who constitute an overwhelming majority of the total number of citzens Interested in motor ing—and it may servo as a salutary warning to the thoughtless, the reck less, the irresponsible, who seem to think the members of the public must look out for themselves when automo biles are abroad. Many motor drivers run full upro.l ahead, even when 'lunan beings are crossing their path, and for tho pre vention of accident they rely not on their own caution or skill, but on the athletic ability of the foot passenger to skip out of the way when he hears the warning horn. If lie does not pos tcss that ability then woe betide him! A speeder, according to Judge Wlllla, is either in fair way of being a crim inal or is exposing himself to the con stant risk of committing a criminal act and of working a mischief beyond the power of man to repair. How any human beings can disregard the graver aspects of such awe-inspiring risk 3 and llghtsomely and foolhardily "tako chances" on the agility of a person crossing the road Is one of the most profound puzzles that ever baffled philosopher or nsychologlst. Stoddard Jess, vice president of the First National bank and one of the best known financiers of Los Angeles, re turns from the east with good tidings of prosperity, and with the news that the east believes firmly in the future of Los Angeles. And well It may. What city has such a glorious past? What city has achieved as much in an equal ■pan of time? There's only one Los Angeles. By the death of Congressman De Ar mond the Democratic party has lost a great and noble member who believed In the first principles of Americanism, ■Bd advocated strenuously and per plstently every cause he believed to be RIGHT. Conscience guided him. There fore not only the Democratic party but the American nation mourns him. Aviation week will begin January 10 and will be an Irish week, for it will consist of ten days instead of seven. The success of aviation week is already assured. We hope every citizen will catch the aviation spirit, and help boom the ten days' week, in order that Los Angeles may become the aviation me tropolis of the west. Let us see to It that Greater Los Angeles is represented in the council by men who are above fear, above re proach, unbrlbable, unapproachable by "interests," honest, straightforward and GOOD in every sense of the word. How many steamships plying along the Pacific coast are equipped with sham lifeboats that will como to grief when called away? Do the companies operating ships invite free inspection? If our good government administra tion is to be thoroughly successful, the COUNCILMEN MUST BH KEPRK BBNTATIVH CITIZENS of the highest type. Make the lifeboats safe, and make them safely launchable. That is one of the principal lessons of the St. Croix disaster. The story of the St. Orolx disaster shows the importance of regular life bout drill on every steamship. Los Angeles Thrives Apace Because It Is Decent City ACCORDING to its own forecast the new administration in 9an Fran cisco is to be a business adminis tration along liberal lines. 'When we look for an interpretation of this prophecy we find that there in some doubt as to its exact meaning, but that those who have a business stake In a wide-open town expect something very wide open. Liberal with them meuns "go as you ploase," a license to do things that have not been permitted under a reform administration. It Is intimated also that wide open will ap ply to franchise grants which cer tainly have to do with business, says the Chicago Record-Herald. \W have frequently referred In terms of admiration to the mag nificent recovery of San Francisco from the earthquake and fire, a re covery that exhibits business confi dence and business energy in a most impressive manner. It is to bo noted, however, that it was coincident with a marked Improvement in tho municipal government that waa not along libt ral lines in the sense that we have men tioned. While the city war" being re built a strenuous campaign was car ried on against corrupt municipal of ficials and the traders In franchises. Those who rejoice In a wide-open town appeared to receive some temporary discouragement. That San Francisco ever has profited or ever can profit by the kind of lib erality that Is now supposed to be Included In its program may bo de nied with certainty. Look at the ques tion as a business question, and what Is the history of the last thirty years? For the greater part of the period the city has been notoriously wide open. Its gayety has been advertised from coast to coast, and tourists have vis ited It aa they might a gayety show. The Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS—Lettera Intended for publication must be accompanied by (he name and addreu of the writer. The Herald give* the irldett latitude to correspond tnti, but iiiumei no responsibility for their views. LAMENTS LOOSENESS IN FOLLOWING OF ARGUMENTB LOS ANGELES, Nov. 20.—[Editor Herald]: Now comes "Athanaslan," und after paying mo the compliment of saying he is "an interested reader" of my letters, proceed! to demonstrate how carelessly he lias read them, lie starts in to show by my actions that I have a will, by his own actions that he has a will, and l>y a parity of rea soning that every man has a will. As if I or anyone else had ever dis puted it! The extraordinary thing about it is thai "Athanasian," having shown (what we all knew already) that wo each have a will, deludes himself into the belief that he has demonstrated FREEDOM of will—a vastly different thing. 1 laid this down in specific terms a few days since in my letter headed: "Admits Man Has Will, but Denies He. Has 'Free' Will." "Athanasian" says: "F. F. S. chooses to write vigorously against a belief in the freedom of the human will, and by the very vigor of his choice proves to us that his own will Is free." What! Because my will is vigorous therefore it must be free? Think again, Athanasian, and then tell us if you can even faintly conceive the possibility of MY choosing to flo the opposite. My heredity and environ ment being what they are, I could only choose as I have done. Our friend seems to think when he says "F. F. S. has willed to break very violently with many opinions" of his ancestors and many conditions of his environ ment"—that I was "free" to will other wise. I was NOT free to do so, any more than AthaniiHian is today free to accept my view. What, cannot we change our opin ions? Oh, yes; I or some other person, influence or circumstance might be the environment that could cause Athanasian to nee this tiling differ ently, but that would be the work of environment, not of "free" volition on his part. And he would then be bound to the new view just as lie is now to the old. Not "free" in either case. It Is passing strange to me how any one who has looked into this subject with even moderate care or interest can find "vivid and astounding proof Few of them, howover, have selected it as a place of permanent abode. Its growth has been singularly slow for a western city. The population was 'J33. --859 In 1880. 297,090 in UM :ind 342,782 782 In 1900. A large Increase In the ter ritory Immediately tributary may be excluded from consideration for our present purpose, because it Indicates a preference for a refuge beyond the city limits. We may now institute a com parison by referring to the history of Los Angeles. The population of that city was 11,183 in ISBO, 50,394 in IS9O and 102,479 In 1900. Some of the claims made for it now may bo highly Inflated, but, Judged by voting strength, prop erty values and other evidences of growth,, the southern town has nude enormous gains upon the northern in the last nine years, which cannot bo adequately explained either by climate or the growth of the surrounding country. And there can be no doubt that amonp its attractions Is the fact that it is, relatively fipeaklng. decent. It is a clean pla.o for clean people. It means business of the rl^ht kind when it gets after grafters. It has strict regulations over saloons, limits their number nnd demands a fee of $1200 for a license. Snn Franrlsco, we noto, has Just gone back from a $10ft0 to a $500 license fee as It starts out again on liberal lines. The liberality that signifies living In muck may benefit a lot of dlsrep- Ut&blet, but San Francisco thrlyes in spite of it, not because of It. The city Is a natural center for big trade on the Pacific coast, it has an exception ally beautiful location and most at tractive suburbs. There are reasons enough why It should make good prog ress provided It does not get too lib eral a dose of a business administration Plong "liberal 1 lines. of the freedom of the human will" In the fact that "bravo men and women are willingly fa< ing suffering and miH understanding" to conquer ignorance, etc. These brave man and women, by virtue- of their qualities, inherited and acquired, are bound so to do; they are not free to will otherwise. And the man who "wills to observe and study" dues so because It Is "in him," and he is not free to will to palter and loaf, F. P. S. I ACCOUNTS FOR PROPHECY NOT YET BEING FULFILLED LOS ANGELES, Nov. 20.—[Editor Herald]: I was much perturbed at reading the letter of "Thomas" In to day's Herald, no took some trouble to verify his statement. I find by looking at tho prophecy mentioned that it is quoted in three of the gos pels—St. Matthew, St. Mark and St. Luke. St. Luke was a scribe and was most exact In his statements, and I find the words, "until the times of the Gentiles bo fulfilled." This ac counts for the prophecy not being yet fulfilled. If "Thomas" would take the trouble to "search the Scriptures," as commanded by our Lord, he would not expose his ignorance or quote one scripture without having thoroughly studied all. The scriptures are not intended for scoffers nor for those who will not take the trouble to "search them." A CHRISTIAN. WANTS LETTERBOX PICNIC TO COMMENCE IN MORNING LOS ANGELES, Nov. 23.—[Editor Herald]: The last Sunday in Novem ber Is the date for the next Letter Box picnic, 10:30 o'clock In the morning th« time, and Sycamore grove the place. Each attendant will choose his or her own subject, and In order that there may be ample time for all, It was de cided to commence at 10:30 o'clock In the morning. Precedence will be given those who wish to leave on afternoon or early evening trains. Bring your lunch and be on time. KATHIIYN ROBELYN. The-American Congress ll—Early Congresses FREDERIC J. HASKIN HHH first congross assembled in the City hall in New York on March 4, 17s!l. Tlio con stitution iin(i been ratified by eleven states, although only ten hud chosen presidential electors. Now York catno into the new Union after the preslflen tinl election and oongren met flrnt la thai state. The Brat congress at tho beginning treated North Carolina nn<i Rhode Island as foreign nations, but beforo tho two years was ended all of the thirteen states were, under tho wing of tho constitution and had rep resentatives nnd senators In congress. Tho first duty of tho first congress was to count tho electoral voto and, undur tho rulo then obtaining, declaro •■ tin- person receiving the highest num ber of votes to bo president and tho person receiving the next highest to bo vlco president, ench elector having vot ed for two persons. Tho congress met on March 4, hut thero was no quorum In either house. The presence of twelve senators and thirty representatives was necessary to organizo tho new government. Pay after day tho two houses met and ad journed. Letters were sont out im ploring tho Indifferent members of congress to hasten to New York. Tho newspapers confidently predicted that the government devised by the consti tution could not bo operated because It would bo Impossible to get a sufficient number of men to servo In congreiis. After four weeks of weary waiting tho necessary thirty waa obtained and the bouse of representatives on April 1 organized by electing Frederick Au gustus .Mtililenberg to bo speaker. Flvn days later Senator Richard Henry Lee of Virginia arrived, the senate then had its necessary dozen members ami the congress was organized. The two houses met together and canvassed the vote of the doctors and deqlared George Washington president and John Adams vice president of th-j United States of America. Mr. Adams was sworn In at once and began to preside Over the senate. Messengers were dispatched to Virginia to inform Oeneral Washington and request his attendance at New York. It was a mk days 1 journey from Manhattan to Mt. Verron then—lt Is six hours now. General Washington hnstcncl to New York and on April 30 was inaugurate! president and this government was formally organized. But congress had not malted for a president or an "annual message." It had already begun to legislate for the Infant government. On April 8, the day after the electoral VOtS was can vassed, tho house took up legislative work. The very first movement to ward law making in tho American congress was the introduction, two weeks before George Washington be came president, of a tariff bill. It was presented in the form of a resolution by James Madison, a representative from Vlrginlu, the "Father of the Con stitution" and afterwurd twice presl .!• nt of the United States. This tariff bill was short, only sixty-six words being required to state its proposals to place a specific duty on liquors, sugars, tea, coffee and COCM and U ad valorem duty on all other arti !■ . The debate on that first tariff n ure is quite as interesting today as It was then. Mr. Madison of Virginia, one of tho fathers of the Democratic party, made the first tariff speech. Ho declared, In substance, that all taxa tion was burdensome and onerous, that all trade ought to bo us free as pos sible and that the only reason or Jus tification for import duties was the necessity of raising revenue for tho federal government, direct taxation be ing quite OUt of tho question. Then, having emphasized his advocacy of a tariff for revenue only, ho admitted ttint he was not unmindful of tho fact that even a revenue tariff would af ford, under certain conditions, inci dental protection to certain Industrie*. The Democratic party has been ad of trimming and twisting: and turning with relation to tho tariff question, but a careful study of Mr. Madison's first I peech will acquit the party of tho charge. That pronouncement pro claimed the doctrines advocated by Jefferson, Calhoun, Pierce, Morrison, Mills, Cleveland and Hryan. Mr. Madison and his Virginia notions met with instant opposition. Mr. Ellas Houdinot of New Jersey objected to the imposition of a tax on rum, de claring that the people of northern Now Jersey consumed groat quanti ties of imported spirits and that if this proposed tax of ten cents a gal lon was levied it would compel the Jersey people to purchase tho raw na-' tlve spirits from tho Pennsylvania stills. Whereupon arose sundry representa tives of tho state of Pennsylvania, de manding that tho tariff on spirits bo placed at fifteen cents a gallon, or "as high as can be collected," for the aro tectlon of Quaker stills. They sub mitted protectionist arguments nnd supported their position by presenting a petition from the Philadelphia paper mills praying for a high tariff on paper to protect the American-made product from tho pauper labor and the moro abundant raga of Europe. That first congress had no po litical party divisions. The question of whether or not the constitution should be ratified had divided the peo ple Into Federalists and antl-Fedoral- Ists. Tho Federalists were victorious, and none but members of that faction were sent to congress, tho opposition being opposed to having a congress at all. But by the time the second con gress was elected there was a division, the people naturally separating into two sections, one led and Inspired by Thomas Jefferson and his doctrines, the other Inspired and led by Alexan der Hamilton and his deeds. The Jef fersonlan party took the name of anti- Federalists, although it was not the party formerly known by that title. Eventually this name was changed to Democratic-Republican, and finally, to distinguish tho party from tho National-Republicans, the- popular name became "Democrats." But 1t was not until after aiie Civil war that the party officially dropped tfce desig nation of "Democratic-Republican." President Washington came to the senate chamber and actually discussed executive matters—appointments and treaties—with that body. As there were only twenty-six senators when everyone was present It was moro practicable than it would be now that there aro ninety-two members of the upper house. Tho president usually visited the senate at least twice a week, and he always made a speech. He discussed legislative ns well as ex ecutive matters, and delivered in per son the views of the executive, such as are now transmitted by message. In tho sixth congress the Federalist majority elected Theodore Sedgwick speaker. He was a violent partisan nnd an Implacable foe of democracy. He cast tho deciding vote which placed tho sedition law on the statute books and thereby struck the blow which forever lost control of congress to that social and political aristocracy which ho loved ho well. He was the center of the first great congressional bat- Tomorrow—The American Congren, 111. The devolution of 1801.