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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVERY mokmm; ny IN IIERALD CO. THOMAS E. GIBBON President FRANK K. WOLFE Managing; Editor THOMAS J. <;<>!.l>l\(. . .Business Manager DAVID G. BAILLIE Associate Editor Entered as second-clasa matter at tho postofflce In Los Angelesi OI.HIJ.ST MOKNIKO PATER IN 1,08 ANGELES. Founded Oct. 5, ISIS. Thirty-sixth year. Chamber of Commerce building. Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratic newspaper In South, crn California receiving full Associated Press reports. NEWS SERVICE —Member Of the Asso ciated Press, receiving its full report, aver aging 25.000 word* a. day. HATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a month $ .40 Pally, by mail or carrier, three months.l.2o Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. .2.35 Daily, by mall or carrier, one year 4.50 Sunday Herald, one year 200 Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. - THE HERALD IN BAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Call fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find Th« Heraid on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the street* In Oakland by V.'hcatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co., 30. II and 32 Fleet street. London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN i^ RETRORSUM RJ AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM —Dark. MASON"The Golden Wedding." BCRBANK."The Girl of the Golden West." IJKI.ASCO—"Through a Window." —"Forty-live Minutes from Broadway." OKPHElM—Vaudeville. GRAND—"San Toy." LOS ANGELES —Vaudeville. UNlQUEMelodrama. riSCHER'S— burlesque. OLYMPIC—Musical burlesque. WALKER— AMERICAN EDUCATION JOSEPH SCOTT, president of the board of education, at the Sunday patriotic mass meeting held in the Auditorium spoke truthfully and to the point when he said, "In vain do we build a city if we neglect the educa tion of the children; if we do not instill Into their hearts the spirit of patriot ism." Mr. Scott added: "There is no use or room in this country for the man who has no use for the principles of this government" Yet many people who remain in this country all the year round and from year to year are equally familiar with the principles of this government and with the binomial theorem. Their knowledge of American history is on a par with their knowledge of logar ithms. They are as well acquainted with the sources and doctrines of evo lutionary Americanism as they are with the differential calculus. On all these subjects they 'are alike in structed. The bigger and more crowded a city the more remarkable is this feature. There are social conditions in many eastern cities which make it difficult or almost impossible for the victims to understand Americanism. These conditions readily and abun dantly produce anarchy and disloyalty. But which would be the easier remedy for this situation —deportation or in struction? To deport all the hun dreds of thousands of people who have never heard of Americanism would be a gigantio. task. Would it not be preferable to begin to take a little more pains in patriotic: instruc tion? And it' conditions were such as t" impress children with the practical advantages of Americanism, as well as with its rhetorical and historical force, the results would be even more grati fying than it' the instruction were purely academic. JUDGE WORKS' ADDRESS JUDGE WORKS' address to the new council was a masterly review of conditions which good govern ment must deal with, and a broad and all embracing promise of a thorough, general reform in every branch and de partment of the city government. Henceforth the city government will ■ lucted for the greatest good of the greatest number of citizens, and economy and efficiency will be substi tuted for corruption and carelessness. Judge Works promises to all officials desirous of giving the city a square deal the earnest support and encour riMi-im tit o£ the council In every effort the public service. Judge Works' address shows the great insight into public affairs, into methods of dealing with them, and Into general conditions possessed by him, ami citizens will read it with the knowledge that Judge " orks will be as good as l«3 word, and will be a notable contributor to the governmental his tory of Greater Los Angeles. Dr. Locke says the devil's creed is the exaltation of self. Yus, and the exploitation of others. Tile two qual ities when combined, as Burns ;il most—says, "Alack, alack, are devilish Indeed.' A YEAR OF VICTORIES I'TN the first working week of the new JN the Greater Los Angeles rejoices year OtMtir Lot Angeles rejoices In the victories for good govern-1 merit and good citizenship that marked I the year we have left behind us. While rejoicing in these victories, which gave our city a reasonable assurance of good government during the present year, i the new year's resolution should be to i go forward and to achieve new triumphs for good government. Los Angeles should become the model muni cipality of the United States. Present happy conditions indicate that Los Angeles may worthily and hopefully aspire to this distinction. The achievements of last year were reformatory and progressive. The achievements, of the year upon which we have entered will be constructive and progressive. A year ago last May The Herald undertook a careful, painstaking and thorough investigation which resulted in the publication of a series of re markable articles, which, beginning on January 8, 1909, gave the public com plete and Irrefutable details regarding one of the most corrupt administra tions that ever disgraced an American city. This series, because of its very nature, became an exposure which had all the effect of an attack on the ad ministration then In power. As a re suit of The Herald's work for the peo ple of Los Angeles the dishonored mayor and his satellites were driven from office and Mayor Alexander was chosen, the gratifying result of The Herald's campaign being to give the citizens of Los Angeles the best mayor they ever had instead of the worst. In its vigorous campaign for good citizenship The Herald was aided most admirably and efficiently by the Ex press; and the political cleansing of Los Angelea was due to newspaper more than any other Influences. It was ai; admirable example of the power of the press when the press is the voice of the best public opinion. The cam paign for a clean city resulted in the election of a new city government com posed of honorable, tried, trusted and trustworthy men. The affairs of the city of Los Angeles were entrusted to men worthy of their stewardship, men who believe in and illustrate the Los Angeles way. The Herald takes pride In the great service it rendered the people of Los Angeles at a crisis in the affalri the city. The Herald from first to last was actuated by a disinterested and patriotic desire to improve the condition of Los Angeles, to bring about "the greatest good for the great est number." to eliminate vicious, de grading and debasing Influences from the public life of our city, and to pro vide a city government that would rep resent all that is noblest and best in American citizenship and conserve for Los Angeles her share in the magnif icent heritage bequeathed by the fathers. Americanism. The Herald took a leading part In bringing about a great victory for clean municipal government when it advocated the issue of school bonds In order that adequate edu cational • provision might be made "for the boys and girls of the rapWly increasing population of Los Angeles, It went into the school bond fight as a matter of conscience. To the re- sponslble chief ami the management ol The Herald it seemed to be disloyal to Los Angeles as well as un-American and absurd to oppose any proposal which would offer relief from an edu cational situation which was fast be coming intolerable and ihe news Si which, spread abroad throughout the country, would have injured LO3 An geles. A morning newspaper which calls itself "Republican" saw fit to op pose the school bond issue, and fought it bitterly, bringing into Its attack R personal element and showing animus against one of the foremost pro fessional educators in Los Angeles, a man who in educational circles is not merely well known, but famous. Undismayed by the rebuke of machine bosses and machine methods conveyed in the success of the school bonds elec tion, the person who was at that time the mayor of this city daringly ven tured to take the first step toward carrying out a program for the de livery of this city to machine inlluenc.es, I apparently in the hope the machine's representatives would be firmly in of fice while the Owens river aqueduct bond issue and other vast sums of money voted for most important public improvements were being handled. In the Owens river aqueduct, the good roads bonds and the harbor improve ments there are concentrated within the Greater Los Angeles area some of the biggest and most heavily Bnanci d projects ever undertaken by an enter prising. inU lligent and successful popu lation. TO moral weaklings, the tempta tion afforded by the financial plans of Los Angeles city and county were at tractive to a degree that unsettled them and placed them In serious peril of betraying the people and yielding to temptation. Keenly conscious of the magnitude of the risk caused by unworthy or un trustworthy office holders the good cit izens of Los Angeles saw wilh ai'i'i' - hension the attempted debauchery of the board of public works by the ap pointment of a man who by reason of scarcity of brain and lack of training was unfit to hold a responsible pub lic position. When this man was "switched" from one important office to another, and when lie was stationed "on guard for the gang," within easy access of the biggest available "plun der," It is no wonder the public took alarm, and, adopting the suggestion of Los Angeles Herald as to the host anrl quickest legal method of removing an undesirable, untrustworthy or crooked public official, established a now prece dent in American municipal history by invoking the recall against the person wlki m mayor. The result of the great recall light was the abject and unconditional sur render to the forces of the people of the machine mayor and his gangsters. The LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORJMING, JANUARY !. 11)10. morning machine organ, which with customary rabid enthusiasm had es poused and championed the wrung cause and supported the wrong men, was forced to eat crow pie, an ex perience which it accompanied with many wry fairs and a loud, roa noise which finally died away to a whistiy whimper. During this year, which marks the completion of the first decade of the twentieth century, and during the sec ond decade, the maritime commercial development of Log Angeles will be no less remarkable than the landward ex pansion that has made it the wonder clty 'if tinl west. A book might be written on the mar velous moral and material progress of Los Angeles in 1909. In the life of the city, the year was little less than revo lutionary, but like the old revolution that est t 111 i '1 tiie United States our gloii" rnmantal revolution in Greater Los Angeles lias given to us and to the nation Improved conditions. The nation has in Greater Los Angeles i better city, organised, not-for the ag grandizement of corporation or other interests, but for the production of the great. tor the greatest number, for the true prosperity of our great city and uf all its cltliena, and for a demon stratlon of the Los Angeles way thai will be a triumph for sood Amerli isir.. good citizenship and good govern ment. Proud of the good government which this happy new year brings as i precious Rift to Los Angeles, The Her ald pledges a continuance of disin terested, patriotic effort to make Greater Los Angeles THE BEST CITY IN THE UNITED STATES, THE BEST CITY IN THE WOULD. in thr official! who will administer the public affairs of this city we hope and expect to find stewards worthy ot their stewardship, worthy of the re sponsibility which lias been placed upon them, true to the trust that has been reposed in them, true to themselves, true to their fellow citizens, tru, to Lter Los Angeles, true to American ism, true to "the Los Angeles way. ' AN IMPROVEMENT AN improvement in the wage scale of local railroad employes is a cheerful sign of the new year, in many great industries in the east the employes have been put on a profit sharing basis. Some employers have gone further than merely to buy the allegiance of taskmasters or ov( and have given to every employe who helped create prosperity and a surplus a share of that prosperity and surplus. However, we venture to express the hope that now that the justice of gi\ iiis the men a slight Increase of pa] has been rai agnlzed an effort Bhould be made to reform the schedules and cut the working day of employes down to a reasonable and safe length. Not long- ago one of the company's employes on the Eagle Rock avenue line was beard to remark he was "walking in his sleep." Jiiiny employes speak of having to go without sleep and of hav ing to remain on duty when they should be in bed. This is not only bad for the men, but subjects the public to serious risk. Every effort should be made on the part of the street car management to follow the example of Mr. Letts and reduce the working hours of the men. If considerations of regard or mercy for the men do not bring about this reform, then let it be'brought about by considerations of regard and mercy for the public, the members of which may be exposed to serious risk by the physical condition of an overworked and unslept motorman. California cotton is in evidence. In tact goods made of California cotton are on sale. Great is King California Cotton. Hurrah for our big, new state industry! Standpatters Unafraid ALASKAN SCANDAL P<ilXT is added to the passage of the Alaska coal bill of 190S, which gave away a vast fortune In coal to a private syndicate, composed of politicians ami business men, by the fact Congressman McLachlan of California, a claim holder, voted for the bill. T!ic drat artifice that suggests It self to any ahrewd plotting business il, organizing a loot syndicate, is to manage affairs in such a way that some of the judges of the cause will have an interest in it. In case of an ordinary litigation Involving posses sion of a huge fortune, it would be scandalous if a claimant for the for tune were to be one oi the Judges, yet that Is exactly What happened in the case of the Alaska fortune. Mr. Lathrep and Mr. Turner, who made a thorough investigation of the scandal before publishing a report In the form of a magazine article, write: "it was no longer necessary for Alaskan coal claimants to show—as all other claimants In the United States must do—that they had Intend ed up to the time of the tlnal entry of the land, to take it for their own ufe. All that was necessary was to prove ihnt they intended to take it for their individual use when they found it and drove four stakes at Its four corners. This premiselon to abrogate the coal law in part was secured sim ply by the continued representation that 'the hardy prospector of Alaska' was interested in the bill, when as a matter of fact not five per cent or those interested in the coal claims had ever seen the mines, .... having lost their fight to secure from congress leg islation that would validate oil claims in Alaska regardless of what had been flone before, the coal claimants were now primarily interested in one thing— a loose interpretation of the Alaska coal law." The writers proceed to show that when the land claim eases were brought to trial the land office was "under a considerable disadvantage." This is one of the most notorious and suspicious conditions observable In the Alaskan affair. Uncle Sam is not hard up for good lawyers. Thi re were many men of groat abili ty and experience on whom the gov ernment could have called. BUT: "The case was put In charge of a young law yer without a very definite kowledge of tli" evidence or the coal laws. Against him wire pitted two of the most adroit and clever lawyer! of the northwest, one o£ whom, J. P. Gray, had the ad vantage of having followed the case since he first made out the affidavit* for the Cunningham claimants as Sen ator Hey burn's law associate in the fall of 1904 And in addition, mem bers of the land office field service, sympathizing with Mr. Glavis, were, during the progress of the trial, re signing or threatening to resign from the offices employment. "The importance of the Alaskan CAM! to the nation is apparent. The discerning may see they involve the American principle of 'equal oppor tunity for all, special privileges for none.' " The magazine reviewers of the Alaskan case end their statement with a paragraph that might will be regarded aa somewhat sinister were It not for the fact it is the unavoid able conclusion of the whole matter, unless the entire American system is to be reduced to an absurdity. This ominous paragraph we quote: "Modern government is moro and more devoted to economic questions. It is business, speaking in the largest and best sense of that term. There has been a great deal of sentiment in discussing the resources of this coun try. This is not necessary. TJio Unit ed States now holds property of In- tir.it" value. It is in the hands of of ficials who are just as responsible foi it as are the officials of a bank to thi Ir stockholders. The day mi' rampant IN DIVIDUALISM on ilw political nlat form and of monopoly control in the committee room is coming to an end. AND POLITICAL PARTIES MAT WELL RECOGNIZE IT. If one part; or administration will noL^nanage our affair-- ill our own interests, we will get another management, it may not come tomorrow, or next year. "But it will come very soon." I. os Angelei Signalized the first busi ness day of the new year by the larg est total bank clearings on record, with the exception of one day's. The total was $3,140,945, an increase of $;77,4r,3 compared with the correspond ing day of last year. This murks business prosperity which is perma nent. The only change thai ever will be noted in its condition will be due to the constant Increase of the total sum. That San Francisco should have de clared in favor of municipal owner ship of part of the street railway s -- trm la not t<> be wondered at, seeing she had suffered so much from the olher kind of ownership and its inti mate association with politics and pui iticians. The experiment of Sari Francisco in municipal ownership will be watched with close and eager in terest. Dr. Cook ssnds word to the public by his brother that he Is neither down nor out. This is extremely Interesting, and we certainly hope it is true. It would give a great many people gen uine joy if the eccentric Brooklyn doc tor, even at the eleventh hour, could prove his "funny" records were ttl any rate founded,on fact, and that, albeit In an unscientific and irregular manner, he really blundered on, the pole. Good government Is firmly estab lished in Greater Los Angeles. The Horald welcomes the new council and wishes all city officials success and prosperity. With an econoTnlo, pru dent, statesmanlike, business adminis tration the future achievements and progress of Los Angeles will surpass all of which there is record. Wild beasts' voices are now to he phonographlcally canned and repro duced in public schools. But they won't be half as ferocious and amus ing as the uproar of disgruntled pro fessional politicians prowling the Btreets of Los Angeles seeking what they may devour. our municipal new brooms, having made a clean sweep of the machine, will now show the people of the United States that Greater Los An geles is determined to sweep clean in matters political. Now will the affairs of Greater Los Angeles be administered in the Los Angeles way. CURIOUS CONDENSATIONS First cousins can marry in New York. Chile supports fifteen industrial schools, giving instruction to about 3300 pupils. Filipino prisoners in Bilibkl, both imii ami women, are now allowed v certain number of cigarettes a day at government expense. Rhode Island received its name from what was supposed to bo a resem blance in contour to the island of Rhodes in the Mediterranean. Platinum, null I \t> n. ivoly in sleo tricul work, is only mined in California and Oregon in this country, the former supplying 85 per cent of the American product. The Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS —Letters liili'ntlt'd for pilltllrntlon must !>«• RrcompHniecl b) flip name anil ii'ililrrwl of the writer. Tin- lleinlil gIVM lln> uiilrnt lulilirli- lo oorrespond enta, lial usiuau m> retpomlblltty fur llioir t!»wi. \ SAYS PARENTS ARE TO BLAME FOR CHILD LABOR i.os ANGELES, Jan. I.—[Editor Herald]: We hear a great deal at the nt time about the question of child labor and much syiiip.n for the poor little things, an I' : writers lay 11 i■ - blame on the corpora . the law makers, etc. Now, I am neither a Socialist, Mil! leBS an an archist, and on this point I wait to pui toe blam i tbe right Bhoulders. The employers of labor arc not re ulble for the existem c of i h ureii. The blame rests primarily with the parents who are alone responsible for the resultant evils. If then only half the number of children, per- J haps the pari ills could maintain and educate the oth< r hall \\ithout having nd i hem to work, it Is the habit of a certain class to abuse John D. ifeller to take him as a type and lay the blame on him. it is the work- Ing 'lass themselves who have ■ i John J>. possible, filling the country ! with men with only the Instinct of preservation and of tho prop tion of the species. Well. John I >. ' ■ along, b powerful organizer, sets them Lo work. Meanwhile, following their blind Instinct, thoy bring children Into I tin w.nid and furnish a market for I the products ol their labor and '• the labor market I >m< ivt rstocked and many men are i He a ail much i misery ensues. Then we hear a de : nunciatlon of John D. and his class. Now, If the masse-: would only keep ; the supply of labor within tho demand ;and above all have no more children than they can Ceed and educate, Invol . untary poverty could be abolished. Some writers say: "I'ut the surplus . labor onto the land, there is plent! it." That Would be good SO far as il went. If alb the swamps were drained ami all the Irrigabli land brought un der cultivation, it would be only pal liative, wiih our population doubling every twenty-five years, the Inci would ov irti ke the extra produce raised. Then the cry would be I tor intensive cultivation; another gen eration would witness the same result. it Is no use to blink at Uie l. i I thai it is the reckless and indiscriminate reproduction of the species thai la the cause of our slums. Look at Ijtmdon, New York. Chicago, the shims of those places are the plague Bpotg o£ the i.'-t us look now at the philoso- ; phy of this question. It Is a natural law thai where climate and soil are, favorable, all living things (mankind ! Included), Increase faster than the mi ana of subsistence. The i; crease by cultivation of the means of subsistence ;s iii arithmetical degree while the In crease of population is In a geometri cal degree, so ih it aome chfM !; at some. time will be necessary. We see this i ;ndency In thi \ egetable ; Every acorn cannot become an oak. Take another Illustration—a farmer limits the number of his stock aci ord- Ing to the size ami capabilities of his !'■ overstock it would result In in a former letter I dealt with the question In relation to war and showed how it would be possible to abolish it. ,1. BUTTERFIKLD. FLOWER LOVERS ARE WARNED AGAINST'SWINDLING SEEDSMEN EAGLE ROCK, Jan. 3.—[Editor Her n 11i I: The time is at hand when the new seed catalogues are due. Many novelties in seeds and plants will bo offered, some of which will be worth tryinr and others will not. The pub lic is always hankering for something new, and s Ismen i\v<- always ready Art Notes mHE interesting holiday exhibition 1^ at Interesting galleries exhibition at Blanchard galleries is dn -*- to a close. Mr», Elizabeth Bur ton's art-crafts exlilbttnn was removed last week, (he exhibition of paintings by Ralph Moclne closed on Friday, and the collection of prints, . engravings, etc., will be on view until the latter part of the coming -veck. Two canvases recently returned from the Seattle exposition have been added to Mr. Moclne'i collection, one a lovely scene of moonlight possessing tne poetic quality In no small degree, and another San Pedro sketch, "On the Break water," is most agreeable In Its, tonal ity. This exhibition of the work of one of our most successful "ploin-airists" has been of unusual interest through out. The collection of rare prints nnd en gravings has afforded an unusual pleasure to lovers "of those things. Some of the old prints belonging to Mrs. Maude McVlcker, such as the paltna or Balvator Rosas, are veritable treasures of art. as are the wood en gravings of Charles jacques, Paul iTliet and Louis Morin loaned by Hector Al liot, or "The Student" and "The Smoker" of Melssonier, loaned by "The Rookery." The Japanese prints from the studio of Mary Eleanor Curran are rarely beautiful in their soft color har monies. The number of small canvases shown are excellent examples of the -work of some of our well known artists. Sev eral small water colors by C. A. Fries are among the best things we have seen-by him, and Teresa Cloud is repre sented by a number of studies offering variety and charm. A group of book plate designs by Warren E. Hedges are strongly decorative in character, the one chosen by the management of ruanchard hall for use on Ha stationery being especially good. A couple, of color monotypes by Anna Zucher add joyous bits of color, and Jack Gage Stark shows monotypes and etchings of strange birds, most clever in tech nique. The exhibition has been especially well suited to the holiday (season and has attracted many visitors. —♦— Apropos of the question of woman's place in art raised lit a letter from Julia Bracken Wendt, recently pub lished In the art columns of the Times, an article by Giles Edgerton in the Craftsman Is rather a comprehensive statement of facts as they exist, though it fails to bring us anywhere in the end. In writing: on "The Quality of Woman's Art Achievement" he Bays: "In spite of the valiant championship of woman at the beginning of this new century, their seems still a lurking suspicion in the mind of that unidenti fied assemblage known as the intelli gent public that, judged impartially, woman's work In the great fields of art. in sculpture,- in music, Is on the average distinctly Inferior to man's, and that in the remote realm known as the la nil of genius, she seldom walks abroad unaided. Just hero the champions of woman seem to spring up all about me and I hear the draw- Ing of swords—which end In stub pens —and the flowing of ink in defense of the place and success of modern wom an In art. Yet this very agitation of chivalry—does it not spring from a need of defense I.' The sWord has ever been drawn for the weaker amongst us, and the pen has In no small meas ure imitated this o'er valiant attitude to gratify that desire. But what I want to know is why some seedsmen persist In cOHXiiiR their patrons to spend money for seeds that the seller KNOWS will disappoint the buyer. it seems to me such seedsmen should ho prosecuted for obtaining money un der false pretenses. To such extremes has this craze for novelties gone that we need not be surprised to see offered such desirable novelties as the "podless pea," "top less turnip." "seedless white black berry" or tho "balloon berry,'.* which would be appropriate for Aviation week. The' writer planted "wonder berry" seed last year. It should have been named "worthies* berry." The most wonderful thins about it is that any seedsman should have had the nerve to ask a long-suffering people to buy such a worthless weed. If you doubt It, read the description in a 1909 catalogue, and then eat the berries. I have i!'. mind a seedsman who has In past years offered for sale seeds of Camel la Japonlca, Japanese maple, scarlet pansles, etc. The beauty of these plants and shrubs Is set forth by glowing descriptions, often accom panied by equally glowingly colored plates. Professional I growers know what to expect from .such seeds, but many amateurs do not. and it Is from this class that the harvest of quarters and dimes is reaped. The loss of money paW for such seed is small compared to the waste of time and la bor and the disappointment. I re member seeing offered seeds of "beau tiful ever-blooming Polyanthea roses," said to bloom in ninety days from seed. I knew an old lady that tend ed faithfully for more than ninety weeks plants grown from that rose seed and never a blossom rewarded her efforts. The trouble with those roses was that there should have been mi "n" prefixed to the word "ever-blooming." If people would consult their local seedsman or florist as to the probable value of such nov elties a little advice often would pre vent much expense and disappoint ment. As for fake seedsmen, they should be put out of business. PRO J3ONO PUBLICO. SHOULD MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP USE PRIVATE GRAFT METHODS? LOS ANGELES, Dec. 30.—[Editor Herald]: Not only does the city water department work an extortion on the less wealthy class of citizens by charg ing a minimum meter rate of 75 cents, even though the monthly consumption of water may not reach anywhere near that at the regulation price of 7 cents per one hundred feet, but the officials also arrogate to themselves the right to fine the consumers $1 if the 7.1 cents is not paid- by a given date. The trick is to turn off your water and they charge you $1 to turn it on again. Now, this is no necessary expedient to guard against loss by non-payment: inasmuch as the debt is laid to the property, not to the person, so that there is no possibility of loss to the department. Ultimate payment being assured by the power of the department at any time (after a full and extended notice) to witthold supply until arrears are paid, there can be no pretense of ne cessity for this snap action of cutting off a citizen's supply at a few hours' notice. It Is pure graft for that $1, which is as truly a "holdup" in the cir cumstances as though it were demand ed at pistol point on the highway. VAL STONE. toward womankind. I do not mean that the modern woman herself seeks the devotion of the knights of the blue I ill and red ink. Justice is what she claims ,n art matters. But when in reply to her prayer for justice she receives flattery, who is to point out bo line a distinction? . . . "The question Is indeed not one of Bex discrimination, but of fundamental ■ex variation in expression, which may only be changed by what some call pioqress, and some cull devastation, in our social system, but scarcely af fected by the triumph of the suf fragette or by any greater tribute to the modern woman's brain or beauty. For, far back of all this sex variation in expression lies the great fact that true art must forever reflect existing conditions of life; in other words, a painting must be saturated with the outlook of the painter, and his out look in turn must be great or small as the life he lives affords him freedom. The monk and the nonconformist alike are bound back from productive art by the limits of renunciation; the scientist by the limitations of mathe matics, the royal man by the limita tions of formalities. And so, great art does not nourish in the monastery, in the laboratory or in the palace. For it has always demanded freedom, lib erty to think straight and see clear, a perfect ireedom from observation and experience. It is this freedom, rendered widely divergent In expres sion by the impress of varyingl tmper ament, that produces valuable perma nent art which becomes a part of the nation's growth. And woman, the world over, in all civilized and In most primitive lands, has not this freedom. In the cast, zenanas: in the west, so cial usage, lender woman more or less ineffectual in relation to art. "Not inevitably so, of course; there are a few women who are great as men are. great; in music, painting, sculpture and in literature, which Is a more subjective art, the number is ever on the increase. But up on high Olympus, where, according to tradi tion, genius congregates, the seats re served for women aro pretty generally empty. In the past fifty years I doubt il" a dozen women have been admitted, and these representing all the arts; not because women have'not been develop ing a steadily Increasing interest in all higher expressions of life, but rather because they have not had combined the groat pift itself and the capacity or courage for absolute freedom of soul and mind." . . . "And the fact of the Justice or injus tice of it Is not what we are consider ing, but merely tho actuality of the condition. "We might go on and quote Schopen hauer's estimate of woman's place in art if we were willing to take him se riously, but we are not, and this is a serious subject." , USE FOR ELASTIC CONSCIENCE niggs and Briggs are two Montreal citizens more or less interested In mu nicipal affairs. They differ on several burning questions, but unite in a strong dislike for O'Flaherty (which is not the gentleman's name). The same" O'Flaherty has. a positive gift for ma nipulating votes and is capable *f looking after a larger band of the "faithful" than any other Montreal politician. v. "It's men like O'Flaherty who give this city a bad name," said Riggn warmly. '"He's got no principles at all. In fact ho doesn't think of anything but getting his man in." "That's bo," responded Briggs. "If I had a conscience as elastic as O'Fla herty'g I'd make It Into a rubber trust."—Philadelphia Record.