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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, January 04, 1910, Image 4

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Los Angeles Herald
ISSUED EVERY mokmm; ny
IN IIERALD CO.
THOMAS E. GIBBON President
FRANK K. WOLFE Managing; Editor
THOMAS J. <;<>!.l>l\(. . .Business Manager
DAVID G. BAILLIE Associate Editor
Entered as second-clasa matter at tho
postofflce In Los Angelesi
OI.HIJ.ST MOKNIKO PATER IN
1,08 ANGELES.
Founded Oct. 5, ISIS. Thirty-sixth year.
Chamber of Commerce building.
Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211.
The only Democratic newspaper In South,
crn California receiving full Associated Press
reports.
NEWS SERVICE —Member Of the Asso
ciated Press, receiving its full report, aver
aging 25.000 word* a. day.
HATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN
DAY MAGAZINE:
Dally, by mall or carrier, a month $ .40
Pally, by mail or carrier, three months.l.2o
Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. .2.35
Daily, by mall or carrier, one year 4.50
Sunday Herald, one year 200
Postage free In United States and Mexico;
elsewhere postage added.
- THE HERALD IN BAN FRANCISCO AND
OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Call
fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak
land will find Th« Heraid on sale at the
news stands In the San Francisco ferry
building and on the street* In Oakland by
V.'hcatley and by Amos News Co.
A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be
seen at the office of our English represen
tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co., 30.
II and 32 Fleet street. London, England, free
of charge, and that firm will be glad to re
ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements
on our behalf.
On all matters pertaining to advertising
address Charles R. Gates, advertising man
ager
Population of Los Angeles 327,685
CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN
i^ RETRORSUM RJ
AT THE THEATERS
AUDITORIUM —Dark.
MASON"The Golden Wedding."
BCRBANK."The Girl of the Golden West."
IJKI.ASCO—"Through a Window."
—"Forty-live Minutes from
Broadway."
OKPHElM—Vaudeville.
GRAND—"San Toy."
LOS ANGELES —Vaudeville.
UNlQUEMelodrama.
riSCHER'S— burlesque.
OLYMPIC—Musical burlesque.
WALKER—
AMERICAN EDUCATION
JOSEPH SCOTT, president of the
board of education, at the Sunday
patriotic mass meeting held in the
Auditorium spoke truthfully and to
the point when he said, "In vain do we
build a city if we neglect the educa
tion of the children; if we do not instill
Into their hearts the spirit of patriot
ism." Mr. Scott added: "There is no
use or room in this country for the
man who has no use for the principles
of this government"
Yet many people who remain in this
country all the year round and from
year to year are equally familiar with
the principles of this government and
with the binomial theorem. Their
knowledge of American history is on
a par with their knowledge of logar
ithms. They are as well acquainted
with the sources and doctrines of evo
lutionary Americanism as they are
with the differential calculus. On all
these subjects they 'are alike in
structed.
The bigger and more crowded a city
the more remarkable is this feature.
There are social conditions in many
eastern cities which make it difficult
or almost impossible for the victims
to understand Americanism.
These conditions readily and abun
dantly produce anarchy and disloyalty.
But which would be the easier remedy
for this situation —deportation or in
struction? To deport all the hun
dreds of thousands of people who
have never heard of Americanism
would be a gigantio. task. Would it
not be preferable to begin to take a
little more pains in patriotic: instruc
tion? And it' conditions were such as
t" impress children with the practical
advantages of Americanism, as well as
with its rhetorical and historical force,
the results would be even more grati
fying than it' the instruction were
purely academic.
JUDGE WORKS' ADDRESS
JUDGE WORKS' address to the new
council was a masterly review of
conditions which good govern
ment must deal with, and a broad and
all embracing promise of a thorough,
general reform in every branch and de
partment of the city government.
Henceforth the city government will
■ lucted for the greatest good of
the greatest number of citizens, and
economy and efficiency will be substi
tuted for corruption and carelessness.
Judge Works promises to all officials
desirous of giving the city a square
deal the earnest support and encour
riMi-im tit o£ the council In every effort
the public service.
Judge Works' address shows the
great insight into public affairs, into
methods of dealing with them, and Into
general conditions possessed by him,
ami citizens will read it with the
knowledge that Judge " orks will be as
good as l«3 word, and will be a notable
contributor to the governmental his
tory of Greater Los Angeles.
Dr. Locke says the devil's creed is
the exaltation of self. Yus, and the
exploitation of others. Tile two qual
ities when combined, as Burns ;il
most—says, "Alack, alack, are devilish
Indeed.'
A YEAR OF VICTORIES
I'TN the first working week of the new
JN the Greater Los Angeles rejoices
year OtMtir Lot Angeles rejoices
In the victories for good govern-1
merit and good citizenship that marked I
the year we have left behind us. While
rejoicing in these victories, which gave
our city a reasonable assurance of good
government during the present year, i
the new year's resolution should be to i
go forward and to achieve new
triumphs for good government. Los
Angeles should become the model muni
cipality of the United States.
Present happy conditions indicate
that Los Angeles may worthily and
hopefully aspire to this distinction.
The achievements of last year were
reformatory and progressive. The
achievements, of the year upon which
we have entered will be constructive
and progressive.
A year ago last May The Herald
undertook a careful, painstaking and
thorough investigation which resulted
in the publication of a series of re
markable articles, which, beginning on
January 8, 1909, gave the public com
plete and Irrefutable details regarding
one of the most corrupt administra
tions that ever disgraced an American
city. This series, because of its very
nature, became an exposure which had
all the effect of an attack on the ad
ministration then In power. As a re
suit of The Herald's work for the peo
ple of Los Angeles the dishonored
mayor and his satellites were driven
from office and Mayor Alexander was
chosen, the gratifying result of The
Herald's campaign being to give the
citizens of Los Angeles the best mayor
they ever had instead of the worst.
In its vigorous campaign for good
citizenship The Herald was aided most
admirably and efficiently by the Ex
press; and the political cleansing of
Los Angelea was due to newspaper
more than any other Influences. It
was ai; admirable example of the power
of the press when the press is the voice
of the best public opinion. The cam
paign for a clean city resulted in the
election of a new city government com
posed of honorable, tried, trusted and
trustworthy men. The affairs of the
city of Los Angeles were entrusted to
men worthy of their stewardship, men
who believe in and illustrate the Los
Angeles way.
The Herald takes pride In the great
service it rendered the people of Los
Angeles at a crisis in the affalri
the city. The Herald from first to
last was actuated by a disinterested
and patriotic desire to improve the
condition of Los Angeles, to bring
about "the greatest good for the great
est number." to eliminate vicious, de
grading and debasing Influences from
the public life of our city, and to pro
vide a city government that would rep
resent all that is noblest and best in
American citizenship and conserve for
Los Angeles her share in the magnif
icent heritage bequeathed by the
fathers. Americanism.
The Herald took a leading part In
bringing about a great victory for
clean municipal government when
it advocated the issue of school
bonds In order that adequate edu
cational • provision might be made
"for the boys and girls of the rapWly
increasing population of Los Angeles,
It went into the school bond fight as
a matter of conscience. To the re-
sponslble chief ami the management ol
The Herald it seemed to be disloyal to
Los Angeles as well as un-American
and absurd to oppose any proposal
which would offer relief from an edu
cational situation which was fast be
coming intolerable and ihe news Si
which, spread abroad throughout the
country, would have injured LO3 An
geles. A morning newspaper which
calls itself "Republican" saw fit to op
pose the school bond issue, and fought
it bitterly, bringing into Its attack R
personal element and showing animus
against one of the foremost pro
fessional educators in Los Angeles, a
man who in educational circles is not
merely well known, but famous.
Undismayed by the rebuke of machine
bosses and machine methods conveyed in
the success of the school bonds elec
tion, the person who was at that time
the mayor of this city daringly ven
tured to take the first step toward
carrying out a program for the de
livery of this city to machine inlluenc.es,
I apparently in the hope the machine's
representatives would be firmly in of
fice while the Owens river aqueduct
bond issue and other vast sums of
money voted for most important public
improvements were being handled.
In the Owens river aqueduct, the good
roads bonds and the harbor improve
ments there are concentrated within
the Greater Los Angeles area some of
the biggest and most heavily Bnanci d
projects ever undertaken by an enter
prising. inU lligent and successful popu
lation. TO moral weaklings, the tempta
tion afforded by the financial plans of
Los Angeles city and county were at
tractive to a degree that unsettled
them and placed them In serious peril
of betraying the people and yielding
to temptation.
Keenly conscious of the magnitude of
the risk caused by unworthy or un
trustworthy office holders the good cit
izens of Los Angeles saw wilh ai'i'i' -
hension the attempted debauchery of
the board of public works by the ap
pointment of a man who by reason of
scarcity of brain and lack of training
was unfit to hold a responsible pub
lic position. When this man was
"switched" from one important office
to another, and when lie was stationed
"on guard for the gang," within easy
access of the biggest available "plun
der," It is no wonder the public took
alarm, and, adopting the suggestion of
Los Angeles Herald as to the host anrl
quickest legal method of removing an
undesirable, untrustworthy or crooked
public official, established a now prece
dent in American municipal history by
invoking the recall against the person
wlki m mayor.
The result of the great recall light
was the abject and unconditional sur
render to the forces of the people of the
machine mayor and his gangsters. The
LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORJMING, JANUARY !. 11)10.
morning machine organ, which with
customary rabid enthusiasm had es
poused and championed the wrung
cause and supported the wrong men,
was forced to eat crow pie, an ex
perience which it accompanied with
many wry fairs and a loud, roa
noise which finally died away to a
whistiy whimper.
During this year, which marks the
completion of the first decade of the
twentieth century, and during the sec
ond decade, the maritime commercial
development of Log Angeles will be no
less remarkable than the landward ex
pansion that has made it the wonder
clty 'if tinl west.
A book might be written on the mar
velous moral and material progress of
Los Angeles in 1909. In the life of the
city, the year was little less than revo
lutionary, but like the old revolution
that est t 111 i '1 tiie United States our
gloii" rnmantal revolution in
Greater Los Angeles lias given to us
and to the nation Improved conditions.
The nation has in Greater Los Angeles
i better city, organised, not-for the ag
grandizement of corporation or other
interests, but for the production of the
great. tor the greatest number,
for the true prosperity of our great city
and uf all its cltliena, and for a demon
stratlon of the Los Angeles way thai
will be a triumph for sood Amerli
isir.. good citizenship and good govern
ment.
Proud of the good government which
this happy new year brings as i
precious Rift to Los Angeles, The Her
ald pledges a continuance of disin
terested, patriotic effort to make Greater
Los Angeles THE BEST CITY IN THE
UNITED STATES, THE BEST CITY
IN THE WOULD.
in thr official! who will administer
the public affairs of this city we hope
and expect to find stewards worthy ot
their stewardship, worthy of the re
sponsibility which lias been placed upon
them, true to the trust that has been
reposed in them, true to themselves,
true to their fellow citizens, tru, to
Lter Los Angeles, true to American
ism, true to "the Los Angeles way. '
AN IMPROVEMENT
AN improvement in the wage scale
of local railroad employes is a
cheerful sign of the new year, in
many great industries in the east the
employes have been put on a profit
sharing basis. Some employers have
gone further than merely to buy the
allegiance of taskmasters or ov(
and have given to every employe who
helped create prosperity and a surplus
a share of that prosperity and surplus.
However, we venture to express the
hope that now that the justice of gi\
iiis the men a slight Increase of pa]
has been rai agnlzed an effort Bhould
be made to reform the schedules and
cut the working day of employes down
to a reasonable and safe length. Not
long- ago one of the company's employes
on the Eagle Rock avenue line was
beard to remark he was "walking in
his sleep." Jiiiny employes speak of
having to go without sleep and of hav
ing to remain on duty when they
should be in bed.
This is not only bad for the men,
but subjects the public to serious risk.
Every effort should be made on the
part of the street car management to
follow the example of Mr. Letts and
reduce the working hours of the men.
If considerations of regard or mercy
for the men do not bring about this
reform, then let it be'brought about
by considerations of regard and mercy
for the public, the members of which
may be exposed to serious risk by the
physical condition of an overworked
and unslept motorman.
California cotton is in evidence. In
tact goods made of California cotton
are on sale. Great is King California
Cotton. Hurrah for our big, new state
industry!
Standpatters Unafraid
ALASKAN SCANDAL
P<ilXT is added to the passage of
the Alaska coal bill of 190S, which
gave away a vast fortune In
coal to a private syndicate, composed
of politicians ami business men, by
the fact Congressman McLachlan of
California, a claim holder, voted for
the bill.
T!ic drat artifice that suggests It
self to any ahrewd plotting business
il, organizing a loot syndicate, is
to manage affairs in such a way that
some of the judges of the cause will
have an interest in it. In case of an
ordinary litigation Involving posses
sion of a huge fortune, it would be
scandalous if a claimant for the for
tune were to be one oi the Judges, yet
that Is exactly What happened in the
case of the Alaska fortune.
Mr. Lathrep and Mr. Turner, who
made a thorough investigation of the
scandal before publishing a report In
the form of a magazine article, write:
"it was no longer necessary for
Alaskan coal claimants to show—as
all other claimants In the United
States must do—that they had Intend
ed up to the time of the tlnal entry
of the land, to take it for their own
ufe. All that was necessary was to
prove ihnt they intended to take it for
their individual use when they found
it and drove four stakes at Its four
corners. This premiselon to abrogate
the coal law in part was secured sim
ply by the continued representation
that 'the hardy prospector of Alaska'
was interested in the bill, when as a
matter of fact not five per cent or
those interested in the coal claims had
ever seen the mines, .... having lost
their fight to secure from congress leg
islation that would validate oil claims
in Alaska regardless of what had been
flone before, the coal claimants were
now primarily interested in one thing—
a loose interpretation of the Alaska
coal law."
The writers proceed to show that
when the land claim eases were
brought to trial the land office was
"under a considerable disadvantage."
This is one of the most notorious and
suspicious conditions observable In the
Alaskan affair. Uncle Sam is not hard
up for good lawyers.
Thi re were many men of groat abili
ty and experience on whom the gov
ernment could have called. BUT: "The
case was put In charge of a young law
yer without a very definite kowledge of
tli" evidence or the coal laws. Against
him wire pitted two of the most adroit
and clever lawyer! of the northwest,
one o£ whom, J. P. Gray, had the ad
vantage of having followed the case
since he first made out the affidavit*
for the Cunningham claimants as Sen
ator Hey burn's law associate in the
fall of 1904 And in addition, mem
bers of the land office field service,
sympathizing with Mr. Glavis, were,
during the progress of the trial, re
signing or threatening to resign from
the offices employment.
"The importance of the Alaskan
CAM! to the nation is apparent. The
discerning may see they involve the
American principle of 'equal oppor
tunity for all, special privileges for
none.' "
The magazine reviewers of the
Alaskan case end their statement
with a paragraph that might will be
regarded aa somewhat sinister were
It not for the fact it is the unavoid
able conclusion of the whole matter,
unless the entire American system is
to be reduced to an absurdity. This
ominous paragraph we quote:
"Modern government is moro and
more devoted to economic questions.
It is business, speaking in the largest
and best sense of that term. There
has been a great deal of sentiment in
discussing the resources of this coun
try. This is not necessary. TJio Unit
ed States now holds property of In-
tir.it" value. It is in the hands of of
ficials who are just as responsible foi
it as are the officials of a bank to thi Ir
stockholders. The day mi' rampant IN
DIVIDUALISM on ilw political nlat
form and of monopoly control in the
committee room is coming to an end.
AND POLITICAL PARTIES MAT
WELL RECOGNIZE IT. If one part;
or administration will noL^nanage our
affair-- ill our own interests, we will
get another management, it may not
come tomorrow, or next year.
"But it will come very soon."
I. os Angelei Signalized the first busi
ness day of the new year by the larg
est total bank clearings on record,
with the exception of one day's. The
total was $3,140,945, an increase of
$;77,4r,3 compared with the correspond
ing day of last year. This murks
business prosperity which is perma
nent. The only change thai ever will
be noted in its condition will be due
to the constant Increase of the total
sum.
That San Francisco should have de
clared in favor of municipal owner
ship of part of the street railway s --
trm la not t<> be wondered at, seeing
she had suffered so much from the
olher kind of ownership and its inti
mate association with politics and pui
iticians. The experiment of Sari
Francisco in municipal ownership will
be watched with close and eager in
terest.
Dr. Cook ssnds word to the public
by his brother that he Is neither down
nor out. This is extremely Interesting,
and we certainly hope it is true. It
would give a great many people gen
uine joy if the eccentric Brooklyn doc
tor, even at the eleventh hour, could
prove his "funny" records were ttl
any rate founded,on fact, and that,
albeit In an unscientific and irregular
manner, he really blundered on, the
pole.
Good government Is firmly estab
lished in Greater Los Angeles. The
Horald welcomes the new council and
wishes all city officials success and
prosperity. With an econoTnlo, pru
dent, statesmanlike, business adminis
tration the future achievements and
progress of Los Angeles will surpass
all of which there is record.
Wild beasts' voices are now to he
phonographlcally canned and repro
duced in public schools. But they
won't be half as ferocious and amus
ing as the uproar of disgruntled pro
fessional politicians prowling the
Btreets of Los Angeles seeking what
they may devour.
our municipal new brooms, having
made a clean sweep of the machine,
will now show the people of the
United States that Greater Los An
geles is determined to sweep clean in
matters political.
Now will the affairs of Greater Los
Angeles be administered in the Los
Angeles way.
CURIOUS CONDENSATIONS
First cousins can marry in New
York.
Chile supports fifteen industrial
schools, giving instruction to about
3300 pupils.
Filipino prisoners in Bilibkl, both
imii ami women, are now allowed v
certain number of cigarettes a day at
government expense.
Rhode Island received its name from
what was supposed to bo a resem
blance in contour to the island of
Rhodes in the Mediterranean.
Platinum, null I \t> n. ivoly in sleo
tricul work, is only mined in California
and Oregon in this country, the former
supplying 85 per cent of the American
product.
The Public Letter Box
TO CORRESPONDENTS —Letters liili'ntlt'd for pilltllrntlon must !>«• RrcompHniecl b)
flip name anil ii'ililrrwl of the writer. Tin- lleinlil gIVM lln> uiilrnt lulilirli- lo oorrespond
enta, lial usiuau m> retpomlblltty fur llioir t!»wi.
\ SAYS PARENTS ARE TO
BLAME FOR CHILD LABOR
i.os ANGELES, Jan. I.—[Editor
Herald]: We hear a great deal at the
nt time about the question of
child labor and much syiiip.n
for the poor little things, an I' :
writers lay 11 i■ - blame on the corpora
. the law makers, etc. Now, I
am neither a Socialist, Mil! leBS an an
archist, and on this point I wait to
pui toe blam i tbe right Bhoulders.
The employers of labor arc not re
ulble for the existem c of i h
ureii. The blame rests primarily with
the parents who are alone responsible
for the resultant evils. If then
only half the number of children, per-
J haps the pari ills could maintain and
educate the oth< r hall \\ithout having
nd i hem to work, it Is the habit
of a certain class to abuse John D.
ifeller to take him as a type and
lay the blame on him. it is the work-
Ing 'lass themselves who have ■
i John J>. possible, filling the country
! with men with only the Instinct of
preservation and of tho prop
tion of the species. Well. John I >. ' ■
along, b powerful organizer, sets them
Lo work. Meanwhile, following their
blind Instinct, thoy bring children Into
I tin w.nid and furnish a market for
I the products ol their labor and
'• the labor market I >m< ivt rstocked
and many men are i He a ail much
i misery ensues. Then we hear a de
: nunciatlon of John D. and his class.
Now, If the masse-: would only keep
; the supply of labor within tho demand
;and above all have no more children
than they can Ceed and educate, Invol
. untary poverty could be abolished.
Some writers say: "I'ut the surplus
. labor onto the land, there is plent!
it." That Would be good SO far as
il went. If alb the swamps were drained
ami all the Irrigabli land brought un
der cultivation, it would be only pal
liative, wiih our population doubling
every twenty-five years, the Inci
would ov irti ke the extra produce
raised. Then the cry would be I
tor intensive cultivation; another gen
eration would witness the same result.
it Is no use to blink at Uie l. i I thai
it is the reckless and indiscriminate
reproduction of the species thai la the
cause of our slums. Look at Ijtmdon,
New York. Chicago, the shims of those
places are the plague Bpotg o£ the
i.'-t us look now at the philoso- ;
phy of this question. It Is a natural
law thai where climate and soil are,
favorable, all living things (mankind !
Included), Increase faster than the
mi ana of subsistence. The i; crease by
cultivation of the means of subsistence
;s iii arithmetical degree while the In
crease of population is In a geometri
cal degree, so ih it aome chfM !; at some.
time will be necessary. We see this
i ;ndency In thi \ egetable ;
Every acorn cannot become an oak.
Take another Illustration—a farmer
limits the number of his stock aci ord-
Ing to the size ami capabilities of his
!'■ overstock it would result In
in a former letter I dealt with
the question In relation to war and
showed how it would be possible to
abolish it. ,1. BUTTERFIKLD.
FLOWER LOVERS ARE WARNED
AGAINST'SWINDLING SEEDSMEN
EAGLE ROCK, Jan. 3.—[Editor Her
n 11i I: The time is at hand when the
new seed catalogues are due. Many
novelties in seeds and plants will bo
offered, some of which will be worth
tryinr and others will not. The pub
lic is always hankering for something
new, and s Ismen i\v<- always ready
Art Notes
mHE interesting holiday exhibition
1^ at Interesting galleries exhibition
at Blanchard galleries is dn
-*- to a close. Mr», Elizabeth Bur
ton's art-crafts exlilbttnn was removed
last week, (he exhibition of paintings
by Ralph Moclne closed on Friday, and
the collection of prints, . engravings,
etc., will be on view until the latter
part of the coming -veck.
Two canvases recently returned from
the Seattle exposition have been added
to Mr. Moclne'i collection, one a lovely
scene of moonlight possessing tne poetic
quality In no small degree, and another
San Pedro sketch, "On the Break
water," is most agreeable In Its, tonal
ity. This exhibition of the work of one
of our most successful "ploin-airists"
has been of unusual interest through
out.
The collection of rare prints nnd en
gravings has afforded an unusual
pleasure to lovers "of those things.
Some of the old prints belonging to
Mrs. Maude McVlcker, such as the
paltna or Balvator Rosas, are veritable
treasures of art. as are the wood en
gravings of Charles jacques, Paul iTliet
and Louis Morin loaned by Hector Al
liot, or "The Student" and "The
Smoker" of Melssonier, loaned by "The
Rookery." The Japanese prints from
the studio of Mary Eleanor Curran are
rarely beautiful in their soft color har
monies.
The number of small canvases shown
are excellent examples of the -work
of some of our well known artists. Sev
eral small water colors by C. A. Fries
are among the best things we have
seen-by him, and Teresa Cloud is repre
sented by a number of studies offering
variety and charm. A group of book
plate designs by Warren E. Hedges
are strongly decorative in character,
the one chosen by the management of
ruanchard hall for use on Ha stationery
being especially good. A couple, of
color monotypes by Anna Zucher add
joyous bits of color, and Jack Gage
Stark shows monotypes and etchings
of strange birds, most clever in tech
nique.
The exhibition has been especially
well suited to the holiday (season and
has attracted many visitors.
—♦—
Apropos of the question of woman's
place in art raised lit a letter from
Julia Bracken Wendt, recently pub
lished In the art columns of the Times,
an article by Giles Edgerton in the
Craftsman Is rather a comprehensive
statement of facts as they exist, though
it fails to bring us anywhere in the
end. In writing: on "The Quality of
Woman's Art Achievement" he Bays:
"In spite of the valiant championship
of woman at the beginning of this new
century, their seems still a lurking
suspicion in the mind of that unidenti
fied assemblage known as the intelli
gent public that, judged impartially,
woman's work In the great fields of
art. in sculpture,- in music, Is on the
average distinctly Inferior to man's,
and that in the remote realm known
as the la nil of genius, she seldom
walks abroad unaided. Just hero the
champions of woman seem to spring
up all about me and I hear the draw-
Ing of swords—which end In stub pens
—and the flowing of ink in defense of
the place and success of modern wom
an In art. Yet this very agitation of
chivalry—does it not spring from a
need of defense I.' The sWord has ever
been drawn for the weaker amongst
us, and the pen has In no small meas
ure imitated this o'er valiant attitude
to gratify that desire. But what I
want to know is why some seedsmen
persist In cOHXiiiR their patrons to
spend money for seeds that the seller
KNOWS will disappoint the buyer.
it seems to me such seedsmen should
ho prosecuted for obtaining money un
der false pretenses.
To such extremes has this craze for
novelties gone that we need not be
surprised to see offered such desirable
novelties as the "podless pea," "top
less turnip." "seedless white black
berry" or tho "balloon berry,'.* which
would be appropriate for Aviation
week. The' writer planted "wonder
berry" seed last year. It should have
been named "worthies* berry." The
most wonderful thins about it is that
any seedsman should have had the
nerve to ask a long-suffering people to
buy such a worthless weed. If you
doubt It, read the description in a 1909
catalogue, and then eat the berries.
I have i!'. mind a seedsman who has
In past years offered for sale seeds of
Camel la Japonlca, Japanese maple,
scarlet pansles, etc. The beauty of
these plants and shrubs Is set forth
by glowing descriptions, often accom
panied by equally glowingly colored
plates. Professional I growers know
what to expect from .such seeds, but
many amateurs do not. and it Is from
this class that the harvest of quarters
and dimes is reaped. The loss of
money paW for such seed is small
compared to the waste of time and la
bor and the disappointment. I re
member seeing offered seeds of "beau
tiful ever-blooming Polyanthea roses,"
said to bloom in ninety days from
seed. I knew an old lady that tend
ed faithfully for more than ninety
weeks plants grown from that rose
seed and never a blossom rewarded
her efforts. The trouble with those
roses was that there should have
been mi "n" prefixed to the word
"ever-blooming." If people would
consult their local seedsman or florist
as to the probable value of such nov
elties a little advice often would pre
vent much expense and disappoint
ment. As for fake seedsmen, they
should be put out of business.
PRO J3ONO PUBLICO.
SHOULD MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP
USE PRIVATE GRAFT METHODS?
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 30.—[Editor
Herald]: Not only does the city water
department work an extortion on the
less wealthy class of citizens by charg
ing a minimum meter rate of 75 cents,
even though the monthly consumption
of water may not reach anywhere near
that at the regulation price of 7
cents per one hundred feet, but the
officials also arrogate to themselves
the right to fine the consumers $1 if the
7.1 cents is not paid- by a given date.
The trick is to turn off your water
and they charge you $1 to turn it on
again.
Now, this is no necessary expedient to
guard against loss by non-payment:
inasmuch as the debt is laid to the
property, not to the person, so that
there is no possibility of loss to the
department.
Ultimate payment being assured by
the power of the department at any
time (after a full and extended notice)
to witthold supply until arrears are
paid, there can be no pretense of ne
cessity for this snap action of cutting
off a citizen's supply at a few hours'
notice. It Is pure graft for that $1,
which is as truly a "holdup" in the cir
cumstances as though it were demand
ed at pistol point on the highway.
VAL STONE.
toward womankind. I do not mean
that the modern woman herself seeks
the devotion of the knights of the blue
I ill and red ink. Justice is what
she claims ,n art matters. But when
in reply to her prayer for justice she
receives flattery, who is to point out
bo line a distinction? . . .
"The question Is indeed not one of
Bex discrimination, but of fundamental
■ex variation in expression, which may
only be changed by what some call
pioqress, and some cull devastation,
in our social system, but scarcely af
fected by the triumph of the suf
fragette or by any greater tribute to
the modern woman's brain or beauty.
For, far back of all this sex variation
in expression lies the great fact that
true art must forever reflect existing
conditions of life; in other words, a
painting must be saturated with the
outlook of the painter, and his out
look in turn must be great or small as
the life he lives affords him freedom.
The monk and the nonconformist
alike are bound back from productive
art by the limits of renunciation; the
scientist by the limitations of mathe
matics, the royal man by the limita
tions of formalities. And so, great art
does not nourish in the monastery, in
the laboratory or in the palace. For
it has always demanded freedom, lib
erty to think straight and see clear,
a perfect ireedom from observation
and experience. It is this freedom,
rendered widely divergent In expres
sion by the impress of varyingl tmper
ament, that produces valuable perma
nent art which becomes a part of the
nation's growth. And woman, the
world over, in all civilized and In most
primitive lands, has not this freedom.
In the cast, zenanas: in the west, so
cial usage, lender woman more or less
ineffectual in relation to art.
"Not inevitably so, of course; there
are a few women who are great as
men are. great; in music, painting,
sculpture and in literature, which Is a
more subjective art, the number is ever
on the increase. But up on high
Olympus, where, according to tradi
tion, genius congregates, the seats re
served for women aro pretty generally
empty. In the past fifty years I doubt
il" a dozen women have been admitted,
and these representing all the arts; not
because women have'not been develop
ing a steadily Increasing interest in all
higher expressions of life, but rather
because they have not had combined
the groat pift itself and the capacity
or courage for absolute freedom of soul
and mind." . . .
"And the fact of the Justice or injus
tice of it Is not what we are consider
ing, but merely tho actuality of the
condition.
"We might go on and quote Schopen
hauer's estimate of woman's place in
art if we were willing to take him se
riously, but we are not, and this is a
serious subject." ,
USE FOR ELASTIC CONSCIENCE
niggs and Briggs are two Montreal
citizens more or less interested In mu
nicipal affairs. They differ on several
burning questions, but unite in a
strong dislike for O'Flaherty (which is
not the gentleman's name). The same"
O'Flaherty has. a positive gift for ma
nipulating votes and is capable *f
looking after a larger band of the
"faithful" than any other Montreal
politician. v.
"It's men like O'Flaherty who give
this city a bad name," said Riggn
warmly. '"He's got no principles at all.
In fact ho doesn't think of anything
but getting his man in."
"That's bo," responded Briggs. "If
I had a conscience as elastic as O'Fla
herty'g I'd make It Into a rubber
trust."—Philadelphia Record.

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