Newspaper Page Text
Los Angeles Herald . ISSUED mil MOKNINd BY THE HERALD CO. ■ . THOMAS E. GIBBON President MIAXK E. WOLFE Managing Editor THOMAS ,1. GOLDlNO...Business Manager I.)AVII> G. BAILLIE Associate Editor ' Entered at second-class matter at the jv'ostofflce In Los Angeles. OLDEST MOKNING PAPEH IN LOS ANGELES. Founded Oct. i, I*7B. TMrty-alxth year. Chamber of Commerce, building. Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10511. The only Democratic; newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated Press reports. NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25.000 words » day. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Pally, by mail or carrier, a month I .10 Dally, by mail. or carrier, three months. 1.20 Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. .2.35 Daily, by mall or carrier, one year.... 4.50 Sunday Herald, one year 2-00 Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the , news stands In the fan Francisco ferry j building and on the street* In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. \ A file of The Los Angeles Herat I can be teen at the office of our English represen tatives, Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co.. 80, 81 and 32 Fleet street, London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements on our behalf. _____ j On all matters pertaining to advertising j address Charles R. Gates, advertising man- I ager; | Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN; rfVCStjQIySTiiVULLAijjfi M; retrorsum ft) AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM— Dark. MASON—"Th» Green ■Woman." BrKBANK—"TS» air! of the Ooldes West." JlEl.ASCO—"Through a Window." MAJESTIC—"Forty-five Minutes from Broadway." ORPHEUM—Vaudeville. GRAND—"San Toy." I.OS ANGELES—Vaudevllls. / tlNlQCE—Melodrama. MSCHER'S— burl«stin«. ol.VMriC—Musical burlesque. 11 lI.EKR— g MEN OF THE AIR | VIATION ireek preparations nre !\ being to some extent disturbed, x-*- but not in any sense Interrupted by the various alarmist announcements made as to injunctions which may pre vent celebrated aviators from taking part in the" contests. Wa think the spirit of fair play and sportsmanship which characterizes the United States will prevent" citizens In any part of the country from making an attempt to Interrupt the Los Angeles program by legal obstacles. The meet at Los An prerles will be conducted for the benefit of the United States. Should any aviator, and especially should any ex pert of note, be debarred from giving the public and the government the benefit of his experiences, the Pacific coast experiments will not suffer any more than the government will suffer. It is of the utmost Importance at this stage of the world's history, when there is keen competition among civil ized nations to reach perfection or ■lependable practicability in the con struction of flying machines, that • very possible opportunity should be given to every aviator of note to make demonstrations and experiments when ever and wherever he can. The attempt to sacrifice to private interests public performances of avia tors at Los Angeles would bo far from patriotic. But we believe all difficulties will be smoothed away, that ail the "big men of the air" will take part in the week's trials, and that our aviation meet from first to last will be a thor ough success, illustrating in every par ticular "the Los Angeles way." HOLLYWOOD LOS ANGHLES realty board favors the consolidation of Hollywood with Los Angeles. Wtih this charming, delightful suburban district Included In the area of Greater Los Angeles the city would gain a section which would add greatly to the value of the metropolis. Resident: lly, it is ideal, and as a home district would Ije popular among men who work in Los Angeles. The children are provided for b? an excellent school system, and public buildings represent a high order of ar chitecture. Consolidation In course of time must naturally be extended to the en tire suburban area of Greater Los An gelts. Candidates for admission that are hs metropolitan as la Hollywood xhould find no difficulty in accomplish- ing a union with the big city. Holly wood will bring to Oreator Los An geles happy homes, intelligent people, valuable improvements and the go ahead habits, good citizenship and record of successful achievement as sociated with the Los Angeles way. Petitions for the pardon of Morse aro being circulated. But not a word has been said about pardon for the little thievta who picked pockets and robbed tills during the holiday s.;i:son. MorM says he did not intend to do anything wrong. Very well; he Bhoukl h;i\o avoided all appearance of evil FREIGHT CARRYING FRANCHISES While every part of Mayor ai exander'i excellent menage to the city council deaervei cam mentation, there it cm* portion to which we particularly desire to call ntion. Under the hfml of "fran chises" the mayor directs the attention of the city council to the fact that I one line of suburban electric railway is using'the streets of the city with out any franchise whatever, find thnt other lines of street railroads are with out authority anil in violation of the city law using the streets for carrying , freight upon their lines. The indulgence of complacent city i councils and city officials who have I been more interested in favoring pub lic utilities than in benefiting the peo ple has In the past facilitated the of public property by public iei corporations without nny thought of) j remuneration to the owners of luch property, the people. That day hai passed in Los An-eles for at leaat two ; years to come, and, we trust, forever. and the public service corporations should he made to understand the fact that when they use pu6llc property for the purpose of making an in ■ Ottt of the same, th.cy are as much bound to pay the public a fair return for the use of that property as any citizen is bound to pay to them a f.ii return upon the property of ;t corpora tion that he us The privilege of carrying freight o . the street car lines Is one of Immense value. Properly authorized and prop erly regulated, It should he productive of a large Income to the corporations exercising- It, and it is something for which they are morally as much bound to pay as they.are to pay for the elec tricity which they use or the cars which they operate. The unauthorized nd Illegal use of tho streets of the city for carrying freight by electric railway compa should be stopped at once, and should be prevented until an arrangement fair to both the railroads and the pub lic can be entered into; an arrange ment by which, in return for a most valuable use of public property, the electric roads shall pay the public what that use is worth. Now that we have a city council which for two years will be interested in governing the city of Los Angeles lor tho benefit of the people who own It and who compose its citizenship and pay its taxes, and not for the benefit of various public service corporations, ■ we fully anticipate that this course will be followed. NEWSPAPERS AX excellent criticism of journalism I appears In the American Journal of Sociology. The critic Bays: "The yellow newspapers have had a terribly demoralizing effect on the presentation of news and it 9 display. Everything is sacrificed to liveliness. Crazy, siljy and grotesque headlines are employed, and | reporters, special writers and critics i become addicted to what has been called the catastrophic style—striving after bold, picturesque, Impressive language." We may criticise this criticism by I ! saying no language can be more im i pressive than the fact it describes. But I we agree some papers seek to make I small and unimportant facts impressive i by decorating them with language that is meant to be impressive, but becomes merely grotesque. To be crisp, clear and clean Is the only aim of writers for Los Angeles Herald. No yellow sensationalism is permitted to disfigure the columns of this paper. Some facts are In them selves sensational. No attempt is made to tone down such facts; because to underestimate a news Etory is as un businesslike as to overestimate it. Newspapers today are handling so much larger bulk of news than they did a few years ago that they can afford to be discriminating. There is no excuse but laziness or old fogyism for long, rambling stories, which, like the old-fashioned game of consequences, begin with an adjective lit for a gentleman, introduce a (de scribed) lady, and take the pair through a prosaic wilderness of commonplaces, begiijninjj in tedium and ending in inanity. BIRDS WILL SURVIVE WE think the statement flying ma chines will kill off the birds of the air is a canard. Nature does not treat her proteges in such summary fashion. The history of the world is one of continual readjustment and reconciliation, otherwise there would bo no world to write about. Every new brood of birds will show more familiarity with aeroplanes and dirigibles. At first tbi .^hips crossing the ocean scared tlie gulls and the Mother Carey's chickens. But any man who has made an ocean voyage will tell you the sea bird! will sometimes alight on the rigging of the funnels, while it is not uncommon to see a row of them swinging on a cross yard in a heavy i ■ i. Ko why should the airships terrorise the birds? If birds can adjust them selves to the appearance and the noises of great ocean steamers, they certainly will reconcile themselves to airships; and ere long the aviator may have inquisitive or tired birds for fel- j low voyagers during part of his flight. Republlcan insurgents are being tol3 to refrain from raising any disturbance or they will be disciplined. If they are read out of the party, it is not unlikely they may find there are other political parties fully as enlightened and pro gressive as that one which is called grand and old. Zero weather in the Past. Bright sunny weather In Southern California. The weather prospects for Aviation week are excellent. LOS ANGELES HERALD: THURSDAY MORNJNG, JANUARY 6, 1910. Let me pluck a wreath of bays and Bind it on your throbbing brows! Tears bedim my yearning gaze and Soblets choke my gurgled vows. Oh. my lost ones! Oh, my heroes! What will be your lonely lot, Banished by the Goo Goo Nero's To the land of Soon-Forgot? LIFE SAVING AGAIN lias a storm demonstrated the necessity of procuring for the Pacific coast, without further dangerous delay, adequate protection from oceanic disasters and a life sav ing service that will lesson the risks along the shore. In comparison with the Atlantic coast, the Pacific is abso lutely neglected. The authorities at Washington act as> if human beings be came less valuable .after they passed I out of the "administrative zone" and crossed the Rockies. In view of this alarming indifference, part of the duty of the men who represent California in congress would seem to be to arouse the government to the necessity of safeguarding the Pacific coast by tak ing the precautions which common prudence suggests and purchasing and placing in commission the instruments and appliances which m m skill and experience have thought out and In vented, ! I But while the men who are watching the interests of California in congress | have shown deep, ardent and enthusi- [ astio interest in getting rich Alaskan land.*, they have overlooked the im portance of life-saving stations. On the south coast thoro is neither breeches buoy nor apparatus of any kind, and the work of rescuing crews and passenger! in distress, becomes largel/ a matter of individual initia tive and of volunteer effort with such devices and appliance! as may be as ■embled hastily or as may be sug gested by the ingenuity of amateur volunteer life savers. From duel, conditions naturally are evolved many remarkable stories of heroism: but to trust almost entirely to tho personal courage and strength and skil- of citizens engaged in the work of rescue emphasizes govern mental supineness or indifference just > as much as It emphasi: s the well known fact that the average Ameri can citizen is "all grit." While congressmen and others are being educated to the importance of. safeguarding the Pacific at least as efficiently as tho Atlantic coast is guarded, some precautions should be taken immediately to provide a life saving service along our unprotected hore. A philanthropist could not pos sibly find any better use lor hia money , than to contribute a liberal sum for tho establishment of a life-saving Btatl on Santa Monica bny. For the of the service a latest modern nonsinkable lifeboat is needed Immedi.—ely. It shot!?., be of the most modern type, capable of making fifteen miles an hour under its own power. The crew of a boat of this type are in no danger of being spilled or drowned. They are lashed in their places, anu if tho boat should cap size, it would instantly right itself and bail itself. To capsize this wonderful type of boat does not Interfere with the run ning of the engines. With a bjat of this kind, equipped with modern ap pliances, with an auto car to move it while ashore, the coast from Redondo to Malibu could be covered efficiently with one life-saving crew and vol unteers. Until we get our legislators to un derstand and appreciate the necessity of the case, its urgency may be mot by popular subscription. With regard to the btfOlc rMCU6 In Los Nietos valley, it should bo eaid the Venice life-savers rendered splen did service, and had completed their A Sad Farewell "FAITHFUL PUBLIC SERVANTS" "Ac fond kiss before we sever." Toll, oh toll, the passing bell! Fare ye well, and if forever Still forever fare ye well! Objects of my heart's affection — Objects of my heart's desire- Cruel was the last election All our fat went in the fire! ! task long before the belated and dis gruntled representatives of newspapers other than Lo> Angeles Herald had ar rived on the scene. Consciousness of tardiness is probably responsible for the extraordinary injection of spleen by the morning Republican daily paper ] into what surely should have been an unvenomed, fair and truthful account j of a rescue the details of which The Herald was proud tr be able to chron icle with the fidelity of an actual eye witness. PROSPERITY GREAT prosperity was shown by yesterday's bank clearings, and the record of business activity in Oreatar Los Angeles reached a lush mark. Bank clearings amounted t<fs3, --160,721.24, compared with $2,264,454.45 In 1909. The Increase was $902,266.79, and the total was within $300 of the highest clearings for one day in the history of the clearing house. Business activity in Los Angeles ex tends to every branch of trade, indus try and commerce. Building is brisk. The outlook is splendid. With good government, good weather and good people Creator I.os Angeles will con tinue to crow and to prosper in the good old way, the Los Angeles way. Every citizen has a right to be proud of Greater Los Angeles. When J. Pierpont Morgan sings "My country, 'tis of thee," he puts strong emphasis on "My." It is about time for a vigorous public protest against the morganization of the United States. The attempted conference with the president on the subject of the message was distinctly and decidedly contra bonos mores. One or the famous sayinga of Gen. Arthur Wellesley is being revived and 'repeated with gusto. When that bril liant soldier,- the conqueror of Na poleon, was made "duke of Wellington" he viewed tlio promotion dubiously and remarked plaintively: "Nobody gives a damn for the house of lords." Judge Wilbur's decision sustains the validity "f the city's industrial district ordinance. No patriotic or sensible man engaged in any business will as sert he has the constitutional right to depopulate a residential neighborhood by starting some noisy or odoriferous industry. South California is producing two dif ferent kinds of fruit that are seldom found in the same neighborhood—snow balls and oranges. In range and variety of resources the sunny southland Is a world-beater. President's message tomorrow. This night will several estimable gentlemen sleep uneasily and dream -disturbing dreams. From mining to miming. That's in brief the history of Harry Lauder. Man, Herry, we're rale glad tae see ye. Hoo's a" wl' ye? Transmigration This transmigration la a bora As near an 1 can see: A feller dies an' comes right back 1" b* a chimpanzee. They lay a feller never knowi Jlat (That'll come t' pan; He's likely t 1 Infest a whale, Er mnblie «ome Jackass. An' ylt, I reckon, if It's fate. I'd better make no fuss, Fer mebbe If I'm good I'll come An' he an ootopua. — It. A. Johnston In Puck. —1..0S Angeles Times. See. the hated band's upon us: Hark, the joyful Goo-Goo whoop. Darlings, they have been and done us; Dearests, we are In the soup. "Had we never loved sac kindly. Had we never loved sac blindly; Never met and never parted, We had ne'er been broken-hearted." —D. G. B. Public Letter Box TO CORKEM'ONDEKTS—Letters Intended for publication must be accompanied by the muni hum t*uure».i of Hie Millet i..c M -Aid gives the widest latitude to correspondents, but isinmei do responsibility fur their vieH». I CALL LETTER BOXERS TO SHOW TRUE METTLE LOS ANGELES, Jan. s.— [Editor Herald]: Here's "up to" tl i "practi cal" Letter Boxers— those matter of fart people who from time to time pooh-pooh topice like heredity and environment and matter versus spirit as being too abstract and nebulous to be of ■ general interest, but who yet are themselves too slow to start—or I even to push along when started—a real live issue that touches every citi zen of slender means in his most vul nerable spot—his pocket. What, for ex ample, could come closer home to the everyday interests of the average citi zen than the matter of public library service or the question of honest treat ment of citizens by municipal official dom— for instance, that of the water department? Yet when the first of these ques tions was raised recently in the Let ter Box, what further contributions did it draw? Sor .; two or three letters only, though one hears verbal com plaints on every hand. But it is every one snapping out his or her own petty personal grevanco or annoyance, and hardly anyone with public spirit enough to :.elp i- a concerted expres sion of opinion—the only tin g want ing to bring amendment. Similar comment applies* In relation to the matter now being ventilated by Val Stone—that old practice (so insanitary as well as dishonest) of turning off a consumer's water and then extorting a dollar to resume sup ply. I know from personal experience how widespread is the disapproval of this, yet I doubt if many will stir themselves to voice their feelings in the Letter Box. No, the average in dividual will rather let the matter drift till It comes his turn to be "caught." Then he will explode a lit tle blue language in the privacy of his home, pay the extorted dollar like a m—(say! what is French for "an easy m. .'.') and confide to his wife or his next-door neighbor his complete agreement with Val Stone's letter in The Herald. Instead of writing to The Herald t» bLck up the demand for a change! However busy, or however backward in letter writing, he might drop a card saying "ditto" to V. S. on that water question. Now, then, you who read this, it's up to you, if you understand the matter. The contention of Mr. Stone seems to me un. swerable, when he points out that the turning off of a citizen's water has absolutely no excuse ,-is an expedient to secure the department against loss, since the debt is charged against the property, not the person, and can thus always be collected with out legal suit, by simply withholding the supply till arrears are paid. But cutting off should only be permissible after a repeated and extended notice on sanitary grounds. The present method Is a danger to the public and a dligrace to municipal ownership, while the dollar graft is a monument to our civic rawness—a manipulation of mingled cupidity and stupidity ■VVILLOUGHBY SMART. URGES COUNCIL TO PASS EFFECTIVE BPEED LAWS LOS ANGELES, Jan. 3.—[Editor Herald]: I note In your paper of January 2 a recent law has been passed in Abington, Pa., In regard to the regulation of the speed of auto mobiles In that city to the extent it makeß it obligatory on the part of the motorist to stop his car when It nears a halted trolley car and not to start his car again until all the passengers alighting from the car have safely reached the sidewalk; thereby this law protects the lives nnd safety of the passenger*, whereas otherwise their lives would be In Jeopardy if this was not a law. It appears to the writer if there is Turbulent Central America I—A Century of Revolution Frederic J. Haskin Editor's. Note—This Is the first article of a scries in which Mr. Ilnfikin will ills cuss tho history, resource* anil character istics of the stormy Central American states. As Nicaragua has been no much to the fore of late, anil the end of Iron ble among our southern neighbors Is not yet In sight, these articles are particular ly valuable on account of their close relation to the news dispatches. ligdam ir.OM the time when Nelson, Sl_2s then nn humble officer of W BsaSj marines, but afterward the MB nil hero of Trafalgar, lost his IkMJJkI shoes in wading through a |lEmeßlß| quagmire to receive the sur render of a Spanish battery, down to the living present, there has been little rest from political tribula tion and revolution In Central Amer ica. Internecine strife has been so constant as to call forth the remarK that there never was a time when Centra] America was not planning a revolution, fighting one or ending one. The cause Is not far to seek. The people are not temperamentally fitted for freedom. The republican form of government obtains In theory but not in fact. The ballot box, In the United States a great engine of liberty which transforms the will of the people into action, there stands for little more than a pleasing fiction. No sooner dees a Central American ruler get into power than he makes plans to stay there, with tho result that the only way to change his administration is at the point of the bayonet. He im mediately clothes himself with more power than Edward of England ever knew, and more than William of Ger many ever expects to have. • • • It was said that the last presidential contest in Panama was the first fair election ever known In tropical Amer ica. Plans had been perfected to insure the perpetuation of the Amarlor gov ernment, and only a healthy display of power on the part of Uncle Sam pre vented a revolution there. The "ins" were planning to operate the election machinery in such a way as to insure their success, and the "outs" were de termined to enforce their rights at the point of the bayonet. Except for the part Uncle Sam. played in that event this outline might serve for a hundred different election rows in Central Amer ica, with the details merely filled in. Sometimes it is the Moderates against the Liberals, sometimes the Conserva tives against the Radicals, sometimes the Centralists against the Federalists, and sometimes the Democrats against the Republicans; but nearly always the trouble is brought about by the efforts of the "ins" to make the results of the ballot box favorable to them, no matter what the will of the people. It is sim ply a case of the shadow of democracy and the substance of tyranny. . • • The central American states, eon* sisting of Guatemala, Costa Rico, Hon duras, Salvador and Nicaragua, spent three full centuries under Spanish rule. Explored and taken possession of by a representative of Cortes;, in the name of Spain, they immediately became Span ish territory. It would be a long and tedious process to review their history during these three centuries, starting with Spanish possession In 1521 and ending in Independence in 1821. The latter part of this period has a deep Interest because there was a well laid plot on the part of Great Britain to re coup her losses of the Revolutionary War In North America by getting con trol of Central America. ' It was at this time that Horatio Nelson, still an humble subaltern, at the head of 500 marines, , waded through mud and water and "boarded" a Spanish battery, as he termed it. Successful in his first battle, the cam paign as a whole went against him. Once his life was saved by a lizard running across his face and awakening him in time to escape a deadly viper coiled at his feet. Not long thereafter he was poisoned by drinking water from a spring in which grew a deadly tree, and it is said that his health never recovered from that experience. Although England failed to get pos session of Central America, she was responsible for Spain losing it. It was at Trafalgar that the spell of Spanish power was broken and the invincible armada hurled back in defeat and de spair. What England did not do in driving Spain to .poverty and weak ness was completed by Napoleon. Em boldened by the weakness of the moth er country and cheered by the exam-' pie of the United States, the Central American colonies wrote their declara tion of Independence, and through an all but bloodless revolution estab lished themselves as Independent states. It fell. to the lot of the ittle province of Chiapis, then a portion of Guatemala, to start the movement that resulted in freedom from the Spanish yoke. It declared itself Inde pendent of Spain, Guatemala followed quickly and her action was duplicated by the other states. Mexico sought one thing more than another the new city council should do for the public it la to pass an ordinance which will protect the public against reckless motorists, and that, too, an ordinance which will prohibit, and not a broom straw ordinance. If there was an ordi nance making $500 the minimum fine for exceeding the speed limit the close of this yeur would chronicle 75 per cent less deaths from reckless driv ing than last year. There should also be an ordinance requiring all motorists to have their car numbers made on metal of some kind and of a regulation size, and. not on pasteboard, sometimes tied to the end of the spring of their machines, making it impossible to read the num ber when the COT is running. The greater number of taxpayers of Los Angeles are not fortunate enough to own automobiles, and the writer believes they should have the proper protection from those who do own them when they fail to have a just regard for the lives of their fellow men by running their machines so fast ;is to jeopardize the lives of pedes trians; it appears it Is high time for the city council to step in and call a halt with an ordinance which will pro hibit, one that Is definite and one, too, that will cause the motorist to sit up and take notice, fhereby reducing the death rate during the present year i t less than 75 per cent. VOTER. SUGGESTS MARRIAGE SHOULD BE MERELY CIVIL CONTRACT GLKNDALE, Jan. 4.—[Editor Her ald]' The great social problem of marriage and divorce seems to be the general topic of discussion In the Let ter Box columns of your excellent pa per at the present time. If we look for the greatest good to the greatest number, we think our di vorce laws still too strict even for th« children yet unborn. When the wom an detests the man whom she must call husband and a child is born of such a union, what might we reason ably expect of the mental and moral through Iturblde to annex them all to her territory, declaring they could not stand alone, but only Chiapas was finally made a part of that nation. Mexico did not give up her pretension* > salon without a struggle, Gua temala having quickened her hope of success, but after .forcing one or two of the statel to submit to annexation Iturbide's government in Mexico was Itself overthrown and a republic es tablished there. Then came a constitutional conven tion. A constitution modeled after that of the United States was pre pared and adopted, though there is no proof that it was submitted to the people themselves. No sooner hail this new nation been formed than in tense partisan ,-pirit arose. The Cen tralists and the Federalists, known also as the Moderates and the Lib erals, and also as the Aristocrats and Radicals, became extremely bitter to ward one another. Starting under tho most favorable auspices, except that the people were not fitted for the soy- I erelgnty vested in American citizens, I it was not long until the question of states' rights arose in a peculiar way. The national congress planned a bit? celebration in honor of the first an niversary of the new government, but i Guatamala refused to participate. ! This refusal was most embarasaing a.i I the seat of government was in her ter ritory. So the natloral congress passed a resolution compelling the Guatamalans to participate in tho ex ercises. In 1826 President Arc issued a proc lamation convening an extra session of the congress, which was clearly-an unconstitutional act. Salvador rebelled, invaded Guatamala and was defeated. Arce countered with an invasion of Salvador and was in turn defeated. Civil war was the . result. The troublous times brought a leader Who forced the states Into submission for a while, but oven he could not indef initely postpone the separation that seemed inevitable. By 1833 every state had seceded. It was a general seces sion, for which, in the very nature of things, there could be no remedy. The United States of Central America was nothing but a name. • • • About this* time them arose a new . power in Coi.tral American politics. This man was Carrera, a mulatto with a predominant streak of Indian blood in his veins, and who had been a pig ; driver in Guatemala. He was as ig norant as his vocation would indicate, yet possessed of a cunning and cru , elty seldom surpassed. Years of i fighting followed his rise. The states . were led to a reunion, only to split . up again. At times Carrera was a de feated guerrilla sulking in the moun tains with a price upon his head, and then a triumphant leader with a re cruited force. He finally defeated Mnr.-17.n11 in a great battle and had that valiant warrior put to death on the anniversary of Central American independence. Carrera placed himself at the head of the Guatemalan gov ■ ernment and remained its dictator until VMS. *. _,„ We now come to the time of William Walker, the versatile and daring Ten nesseean, who sought to establish an empire of his own in Central America. This dashing soldier of fortune first failed in an attempt to create a state in a lonely Mexican province, but, nothing daunted by this reverse pressed on southward in his career of conquest. For a time he was actually in control of the government of Nicar agua, and seemed in a fair way to realize his ambition to be a ruler. But his tenure of power was brief. After being turned from one port by the American navy and ordered away from another by the admiral of a British warship, this valiant freebooters was captured by Honduranean troops, court-martialed and shot. The subsequent history of the Cen tral American states Is one of abor tive efforts to reunite them of revo lutions and counter-revolutions, with occasional bright periods of peace un der temporary beneficent administra tion Even as late as 1907 a serious effort was made to reunite the states In. a permanent union like our own There had been such a succession of . revolutions that Mexico and the Unite i States joined '.i&nds in asking the re public to take part in a conference a Washington looking to a mutual un derstanding that would end these con start wars. When the delegates me ' the reprer tative from Honduras pro posed a . lion. He insisted that fed eration ivas bound to come, and tha^__ the question involved was only wnethi , or It should be now or hereafter. Hor duras and Nicaragua favored the pror osition, but all the others opposed ,' I Th< .esult was the court of arbitral tion, a sort of miniature Hague ti^flj bunal, but no unlon^ F | Tomorrow—Turbulent Central Amertci* 1 TT—Nicaragua. of Bla«tc<l n °P& n J| II— Nicaragua, Lan.l of BlaMe.l "°P|,n^ capacity of such offspring:? Marrif M made in heaven! The thought is f H riligious. Why should not our marriages*^ civil contracts, which may be Jmm solved when both parties are f MM vinced they have made a mis* ~"^B The hearing givon to their cause ffl —^ divorce should bo held behind close"!*"-" doors, for whom should It concern aside from themselves? . This, \to be sure, would do away with the scandal which the reporters of the divorce courts publish tor tho amusement of men; the true woman has enough. She realizes she should read the important things she should know, and, with the many duties she must perform, she has no time to read such rottenness. ANNIE ORD. Far and Wide Hard to Believe A Missouri dentist say& roseivater fa aa good H8 cocaine to inject Into gums for pahi less tooth pulling, and asset-La that all that 1b needed is to make tho patient believe It will not hurt, ond he will feel no pain. Thii economical tip might also be used to advan tage by physicians applying the radium treatment. —Milwaukee Journal. -4— Pants and Breaches The Argentine Republic pants for war with Bolivia, and Bolivia pants for vrmr with Argentine Republic This pair of pants constitute the latest thing In international breaches. —Harper's Weekly. Equine Curiosities Now York's horse show wholly neglects the most curious equine specimens of tho age—those which pull tho street cars through the metropolitan thoroughfares.— Washington Star. -4- Roundup Methods After studying the roundup In Texas, President Taft may have some practical suggestions to offer as to the roping ani branding of a few insurgents.—Portland Tclugram. Caught This tlmstlie Sugar trust has been caught with the goods.—Chicago Tribune.