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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, January 16, 1910, Image 26

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1910-01-16/ed-1/seq-26/

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Demountable Rim Said to Be Result
of the Long Distance Road
Races Held in
" \ 1905
As years- so by and no adequate sub
stitute for rubber appears, the proposi
tion of tires for automobiles settles
down to the matter of uniform produc
tion by the manufacturer and careful
maintenance by the user in order that
a reasonable mileage may be secured
from each shoe and each inner tube.
Undoubtedly, the greatest need at
present is < standardization of demount
able rims. This is a need felt both
by the automobile trade and the. auto
mobile ' user. Some years ago among
other interesting work done by the
mechanical branch of the licensed as
, sociation we. succeeded In standard
izing clincher tires—a very practical
■work and one that ought to bo carried
on to include demountable rims. The
work of the tiremaker, automobile
manufacturer and automobile dealer
could be simplified and the convenience
c.r the automobile owner greatly fur
Trouble for Chauffeur
It i - undoubtedly true that there nre
B number of drivers who Have large,
fast cam who do not believe In de
mountable rlma and who prefer the
lighter simpler clincher tire. Theße
.-lutomnbillsts usually drive with a
chauffeur, so that in case they meet
■with a puncture it does not make much
difference—the only trouble is the loss
of a. few minutest while the, chauffeur
1s making- the tire change. On the
other hand, the great mass of drivers
liare to do their own tire work, or
else are frequently placed in a posi
tion where they arc compelled to do
It. Consequently, whatever is easy,
<iuiek and convenient is best; consid
eration of weight, simplicity and neat
appearance are of less importance.
It is not generally known that the
demountable rim is the direct result
from long-distance road racing. Jn 1900
the last race for the International cup
■was held in a very mountainous dis
trict of France, and tire troubles were
extraordinary, even for a race—all out
qf proportion to the distance- covered.
Of course, this difficulty was all fore
he, 'ii. and big bands of men were ready
in raw off tires and put on new ones,
six or eight men working to a wheel.
The absurdity of this waste of energy
and clumsy maneuvering impressed
everyone. That year saw tho end of
it; thy demountable rim came out the
yen- following, and proved perfectly
r- I ul.
Factories Too Busy
Unfortunately, every new idea lias
Mr. manifold interpretations, and every
tiro company approached the proposi
tion from a different angle. The result
is that we have a very large number of
mechanical devices calculated to facil
itate the removal and replacement of
rubber tires on automobiles. Cine asks,
••Why don't they get together and fix
tilings UP BO as to save themselves
trouble and help the motorist?"
The answer to this is that the tire
companies have been very busy with
the manufacture of tires. They have
found it difficult to till a very large
demand and. what is more, a very much
.11 versified demand. The various auto
mobile companies order all sizes of
lires. There are many diameters and
many widths, consequently all sorts of
combinations result, making it neces
sary for the tiro company to produce
tt great many different, sizes of tires.
Further than this, there are numerous
"treads." which further complicates
th« situation. Also, most every tire
company hap some peculiar device
ih;it it has originated and consequently
desire;; to continue, because it usually
ban some advertising value.
on toil of .ill this comes tho latest
agony in the form of very large wheels.
The big wheel Is all very well in it.H
•way, and it is, of course, a matter of
little moment to an automobile design
er like myself whether there is a de
mand for large wheels or small ones —
tho proposition seems to be very much
of a fad. If this be so, the tendency
toward very large wheels is a most
unwelcome one. because it tends to
make that much more work for the
tire company by Introducing new sizes
ii tiil consequently delays the, all im
portant work of standardization of de
mountable rims.
A most important cause of easy rid
ing is reduction of weight below the
.^prings. Tho greater the dead load be
low tho springs the harder a car will
ride, consequently the irnportanco of
keeping tire equipment us light aa
passible Is easily understood.
Manager Frank Howard of the How
ard Automobile company reports busi
ness still (rood, but not quite up to last
month's record of forty cars delivered.
"One a. day is the best we have been
able to do so far this month."
Nervy Driver Who Broke
Wheel Going Mile a Minute
I Bpsn^H jsm Hnf^L^fl
Jimmy Ryall in the racing Matheson, who made some famous
runs with this machine and who broke a wheel while traveling at
a mile a minute and was thrown a hundred feet and. lay unconscious
for an hour, causing his wife, who witnessed the accident, a severe
shock. Ryall later became a widely known member of the great
Buick racing team, which was famous all over the world, with Chev
rolet, Bobby Burman, ■ Herbert Lytle, Strang and others. George
Robertson, another famous driver, is seen with the goggles raised
upon his cap.
Scenes and Incidents in Career
of Popular Racing Driver
; ,^^^^^^ <^^^^>|
. \^ .__l^^fcf| ■lßßtcwiM^M^B^*K*«H3B3HS!^^B
Top—Ryall's Matheson in the Vanderbilt cup race, where he
drove the course of 23:45 miles in the terrific speed of 19 minutes
flat. Ryall is working on the cylinders, his mechanician at the right
and standing on the far side of the car is William K. Vanderbilt, jr.,
the donor of the cup for which the great American classy event is
Bottom—Ryall and his mechanician in the Matheson in the
tenth hour of the twenty-four-hour race at Brighton Beach, which
Ryall drove with a broken leg in a plaster caste, strapped to the ma
chine. Ryall is now making Los Angelesi his home, having taken a
house at Glendale for the winter. Ryall will probably be seen on
some fast work machine when the motordrome of Prine's construc
tion is completed.
Motordrome Designed by Jack Prince]
May Show World Mile by
Auto In Half a
The motordrome designed and being
built by Jack Prince, one of the'most
famous of track builder*, is progressing
at a nice pact', the lumber l'"r the track
being scheduled tv arrive'here by the
hitter part of the w
Nearly three million feet of lumber
is to be used In tho construction of
tho track, and when tho order was be
ing placed one mill agent could not
deliver tho lumber, so it was divided
between a number of sawmills In the
northwest, and already one. shipload Is
on the way to Han Pedro, and is due
to arrive Thursday, when the first of
the track will be laid.
When this track la completed the
name of I>os Angeles will be carried
still more widely to the ends of the
earth, because of the time that will be
made on this mile of timber surface,
smooth aa f.-lass. Thirty-live seconds,
Prime, claims, will be the time lor the
automobile on this track, and when
Barney Oldfleld was here In- claimed
that on such a surface he could turn
it in thirty seconds.
lea this there will be practically
no danger to the drivers from breaking
wheels nnd tearing off tires, as the
track will be w constructed that at
every inch of the mile the tires will
be on tic it- enters, with no strain on
any of them.
Prince will soon have the saucer
automobile, track ready for use, and
when it is completed tho day of all
days will tie celebrated by the fastest
miles ever made in the history of the
hi any sort of a vehicle,
— » » »—-—-
Tin; Howard Automobile company,
Agents and distributor! for Bulclc auto
mobiles, lust -. Ived their first
mode) No. 7. seven-passenger, 50-horse
power Butck. This car la handsomely
finished throughout, is? along the lines
of the other well known Bulck models,
and sells for $2900. Manager Frank
Howard says his great :■' pi grel Is that
his allotment on these cars for 1910 will
I be hut twenty-five.
Heavy Snowfall Between Mojave and
Lone Pine Tests Ability of
Automobiles to Make
Just fit present talk of sunny Cali
fornia does not appeal to A. T. Hay,
who operates five Mitchell cars in tfie
automobile stage service between Mo-
Jave and Lone Pine. This has been the
hardest winter known in that section,
the snowfall being the heaviest ever
Bu,t no matter how deep the. snow or
how hard the wind blows, th'? Mitchells
must make their daily trip of I^B miles.
The railroad sells a through ticket from
Los Angeles to Lone Pine, and when
the train arrives the motor ears must
be there to meet it, prepared to take all
tho passengers who arrive to their des
tination. Sometimes this has made it
isary for three cars to make the
trip in "no day.
Many a time this winter the Mitch
ells have gone wheel deep in the snow,
but they always get out and go plowing
on thi ii- way. Often during the worst
storms the wind causes the snow to
drift, with a result that it is with
great difficulty that the road is fol
lowed. The snow covers up every sign
of a roadway, and it is necessary for
the driver to follow landmarks to make
progress. Chains are usod almost con
stantly to make headway through lac
Plunge in Ditch
Many times this following what the
driver thinks Is the road has resulted
in a plunge down a deep ditch. In
BUCh cases it is often a case Of work to
out, but to the. credit of the sturdy
they have never failed.
Many a passenger has left tho town
pleased with the prospect of a trip ov
erland, only to lose his nerve after a
few snow drifts had been bucked and
the whirling snowflakes bad sifted in
between the curtains. The drivers have
rod with the cold, but they have
ned to bundle up sufficiently, and
there have been few frozen lingers or
One of the iirst things to be learned
by a driver in the snow country of ('ali
fomla l« t.> drain off the water at night.
Unless this is done the cylinders will
be cracked by the water freezing,
This failure to drain off the water
hag resulted In many a cracked cylinder
hcered off pump gear, in the east
the. cars are blanketed when left stand
ing In the street during the winter, and
often the engine is left running rather
than take a chance of freezing-.
In conversation yesterday with Nick
Nikrent, the elder of the Nlkrent
brothers who are always together on
the Bulck white streak In the racing
game, that sturdy driver, who has but
little to say as a rule on racing, .'-■ aid:
"I, of course, believe we have one of
the. best and fastest racing stock cars
there Is on the market, and time and
again It has proved its capacity, speed
and endurance, bringing homo the
trophies and money when there were
some such things to work for, hut In
it all thero is this to be said, that in
addition to having the car you must
also be as sure of your tires as any
thing else, and that is the reason I
used Cioodyears.
"One other thing is a great essential
to fast of even ordinary .driving, and
that is to have the right kind of lubri
cation, and for that reason I use Valvo
line oil, which has never failed with
mo in the Bulck of making good."
A word from this veteran of the cir
cli and road li sufficient to satisfy the
most credulous that Valvollue oil Is
all that is claimed for it, perfect for.
lubrication ami perform* all that is
claimed for it.
Motor en Bloc, Despite Early Critl.
cism and Objections, Has Proved
Successful In Domestic
Speaking roughly, there are four
typical 1910 American cars, Bays Motor
Age, The first may be designated the
$1000 car, although In this class ::r<.'
Included cars selling from 1750 to $1200:
ond is the $1600 i ar, the third
the $2600 car and the fourth the $4000.
the last named representing a broad
field am! being indicative of the high
priced machine, whether it is secured
for $370f> or $7000. The average motor
in the $iono class, as calculated accu
rately from all the exhibitors at tlie
Grand palace show, is 17.L' horsepower
\ i.. \. .m. rating. This average mo
tor has a boro of '■'.*", Inches and a
four-inch stroke. 7ts piston displace
ment in cubic inches is 12U.2. In this
;!n::; of motors the L type of cylinder
predominates, embracing as it does 61
per 'in* or iliis class. The T head
cylinder lakes second place With 23 per
cent and the valve-in-the-head type
comes third with 16 per cent to its
Structural Ramifications
The structural ramifications of the.
average $1000 motor, or the motor used
in the Jifl'io car, may be carried fur
ther; ."1 per cent of the motors of this
class at 11m Grand palace show has
si parately cast cylinders; 23 per cent
is cast in pairs and 23 per cent Is cast
en bloc. It la worthy of note to rec
ognize in passing the enormous strides
that the en bloc motor is making. I
Three or four years ago, when this ■
type of motor made its debut in Eu- j
rope, American designers were quick |
to criticise it on the ground that It I
would not be suited for the low tem
peratures of America—because should
the jacket water freeze it would mean
an entire new easting. Since these
criticisms were first lodged circum
stances have changed. Making cylin
der casting has become »n art, and it
now is possible to produce a single
casting incorporating within it four
cylinders, us it was then to make a
twin casting. The en bloc offers many
advantages, chief among which is the
simplification of intake, exhaust and
water pipes, the majority of which tire
now incorporated in the casting.
Many Other Features
There are many interesting features
of the $1500 motor. Ninety per cent of
them are of the four-cylinder type; 5
per cent are of the six-cylinder type and
5 per cent of the two-cylinder. There is
not a single example of the one-cylin
der or three-cylinder in this class,
Viewed constructively, the L type of
cylinder has the lion's share of follow
ers hero as in the smaller division, 75
per cent: being of this design, with 20
per cent employing the T head and 5
per cent the valve-in-the-head type. It
is harder in this class to draw the lines
of tendency in the mode of easting cyl
inders, in that 50 per cent use sepa
rately cast cylinders and 35 per cent
cast them In pairs, and but 15 per cent
use the en bloc system. This proves
conclusively that for the present at
least the en bloc; casting is popular
with the cheap car, and gradually loses
out ill the scale of ascending prices.
But this class also has its surprises
in the cooling- of the motors, although
not so pronounced as in the smaller di
vision. It may appear surprising to
many, yet the thermo-syphon carries
the day with 4.1 per cent to its credit,
closely followed, however, by 40 per
cent employing the circulating pump
system, and 15 per cent being- followers
of air cooling.
A brief resume of the ignition system
shows them all to belong to the high
tension division, with the magneto
everywhere and the dual system greatly
in the ascendency. Sixty-live per cent,
to be accurate, are using it, whereas
20 per cent employ the double system,
and 15 per cent the single system.
Looking at the $1000 motors at the
Ignition phase only, it is of interest to
note that all are fitted with the high
tension system, there not being- a sin
gle example of the make-and-bieak
spark in use. The magneto practically
is universal. Thirty-nine per cent of
these little motors have single ignition
systems; by this is meant one source
of current supply; 30 per cent of them
have dual magneto and battery sys
tems, with a single set of plugs; and
30 per cent of them have double sys
tems, possessing two sets of spark
plugs, a complete magneto system, and
a complete battery system.
After dealing- thus with the $1000
motor, a briefer consideration must
be given to the average motor in the
$1500 class. In short, this motor has, a
formula rating- of 26. horse power. Its
average bore is 4.1 inches and its
stroke 4.3 inches, its piston displace
ment in cubic inches measures 26.2.
This motor is a better example of tho
long stroke than the $1000 one, In that
the stroke is .27, or practically Vi inch
longer than the bore; of this category,
with 10 per cent continuing- with a me
chanical oiler, and 10 per cent using
the centrifugal force of the flywheel
as the source of oil circulation. But 5
per cent in this class uses a compres
sion oiler, and IT, per cent what is des
ignated as a gravity system , with a
pump in combination.
The reader cannot help but note in
the $2300 motor the transition; this is
the third step in the motor classifica
tion, and the percentage figures show
gradual increase along certain lines
Crossing the Tape After 24
Hours Work at the Wheel
Ryall, driving the Mathesonin the twenty-four-hour race, pilot
ed the car the entiry time and with five competitors made a world s
record which has never yet becn'biokcn.
E. M. F. "30"
$1550 Regular Equipment includes Lamps, Gas
Equipped with Best Top, $50 Wind Shield, Generator, Magneto and Batteries. Full
Speedometer. Robe Rail and Tire Irons. tool equipment.
At $ 1400
F. 0. B. Los Angeles, Cal.
is the besi buy on the American market today. We have been sold out for nearly a week and
arc now taking orders for future deliveries. All of the early delivery dates are being rapid
ly In mght up. .
We have two machines for delivery the latter part of this week with straw colored gears
and blue bodies. Better speak quick if you want one of these cars.
Call Phone 10845 or Main 5470 and we will have our .salesman call on you. Do it now.
Lord Motor Car Company
1032-38 South Olive Street
of design. The $2600 motor has a rating
of 32.7; Its bore is 4.41 inches, it.s stroke
4.59. and it. has a piston displacement
of ;114.5 cubic inches. Here one notes
a little stronger tendency toward the
long: stroke, the stroke averaging 2-5
inch more than the bore. In this class
there 18 a perceptible increase in 111*
six-cylinder type, although the four
bolds the upper hand, constituting as
it does &4 per cent, leaving 1- per cent
for the six-cylinder and 4 per cent
for three cylinders. Once more wo are
compelled to record a victory for the
L, type of cylinder, with 56 per cent,
and exactly double that of the T-head.
There is an increase in the' valve-in
the-head type, which shows 8 per cent.
A feature in this car is the two-cycle
motor, which constitutes 4 per cent of
the total. There is a reversal in this
class as compared with the $10(10 and
$1500 motor in the casting of cylinders.
We now have reached the stage, in
■which the casting in pairs is far in the
ascendency, whereas up to this point
the separately-east cylinder led. Now,
however, TC per cent of the $2500 car
has cylinders cast in pairs. Twenty
four per cent of them lias the separate
castings, and there i 3 not a single ex
ample of the en bloc variety.
We have now reached the $4000 ear.
and its motor differs widely in many
respects from the motor of the $1000,
$1500 or $2500 class. In the $4000 car it
is a four-cylinder versus six-cylinder
light, with 60 per cent of the followers
pushing the four along and the amaz
ingly high percentage of 40 per cent
pinning its faith in the six. It is only
after one carefully analyzes the dif
ferent makers of sizes throughout the
country that the number manufactur
ing sixes is comprehended. In order
that no misunderstanding may arise it
is well to state that of the total num
ber of motors used this year in this
class 40 per cent will not be six-cyl
inder ones, but the fact remains that
40 per cent of the builders in this cate«
gory manufacture six-cylinder cars.
What is the average $4000 motor, or
the motor in the $4000 car? It has 51
horsepower A. 1... A. M.J it has a tore
of 4.82 inches; it has a stroke of 5.15
inches: and it lias a piston displace
ment of 448.2 cubic inches. Briefly, this
motor is a disciple of the long stroke,
the. stroke being roughly speaking, 1-3-
Inch longer than the bore. This is not
quite up to the 2-5 in the $2500 class.
Before passing to other phases of the
motor situation for 1910 a brief sum
ming up of the tendencies of construc
tion, as exemplified in these four
classes of ears, may be interesting. > To
begin: All four favor the long-stroke
motor, with the $2500 class the leader.
In the first three classes the L-type of
cylinder predominates, but in the $4000
eiass the T-head is victor. The valve-
In-the-head type has a rather uncertain
career, vacillating from 15 per cent in
the $1000 class to 5 per cent in the $1500
class, to S per cent in the $2500 class
and 20 per cent in the $4000 class. Sepa
rately cast cylinders are in the ma
jority of the first two classes, and
casting in pairs largely predominates
in the two bigger categories. Thermo.
syphoning is in inverse prooprtion to
the price, controlling as it does in the
first two but surrendering to the pump
in the second two. Double Ignition
systems practically break even with
dual systems in the $2;,0n and $4000
classes; dual predominates in the $1500
and Mingle in the $1000
Air Cooled '
fekS^^p' Light Weight
Let's talk about tires. Franklin, with its air-cooling
system, -which means light weight, has settled the tire
Reliable tire equipment Instead of extra tires is our
All Franklin models with their large wheels have extra
large tires, so that tire trouble is not a factor. This is
worth while, isn't it? Then, too, the tires give service for
more than double the mileage of the average automobile.
Franklin is all around the most economical car
to maintain.
Immediate Delivery
1148-50 South Olive St.
1735 I Main 404
High Frequency Scores Again
At Ascot park, Sunday, January 9th, a 30 H. P. car equipped
with the Seeley (Ignition System made the fastest ten miles in a
race made by a strictly stock car on the coast —10 miles in 9 niin.
564-5 sec. (one mile in 58 2-5 sec). December 25th the same
car ran practically a dead heat against the six-cylinder Knox
(Oldfield) five-mile handicap (Corbin 10 sec. handicap), time
4:47 2-5.
Going Some?
Have the Seeley System put on your car if you want the best
Seeley Specialties Company
126 East Ninth Street, Los Angeles, Cal.
Not Flying!
JDBT running smoothly and sweetly along good roads, with a big
1 cycle engine purring contentedly at its work, and no valves or
their fellow trouble-makers to get out of order. That's tho working
spirit of '
The American Simplex
Corner Pico and Flower—Phone F 3635
Also Atlas 2-cyclc Cars.
PART 111

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