Newspaper Page Text
Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVERY MORNING BY XIIK HERALD CO. THOMAS E. GIBBON President FRANK K. WOLiTC Managing; Editor THOMAS J. FOLDING... Mnnager DAVID G. BAILLIE...*. ...Associate Ktlltur . Entered «■ sseond-class matter at the postofflce in Los Angeles. OLDKSX MORNING PATER IN LOS ANGELES. Founded Oct. t, ISIS, I'hirty-sUth year. Chamber at Commerce building. Phones: Sunset Mala 8000; Horn* 10211. The only Democratic newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated Press reports. I NEWS SERVICEMember of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging; 26,000 words a, day. KATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mail or earner, a month I .40 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months. I*o 'Dally, by mall or carrier, »lx months.. .1.33 Dally, by mall or carrier, on* year .4.60 Sunday Herald, one year 1-00 Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A Die of The Los Angeles Hera] I can be «een at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. K. and J. Hardy * Co., 10, tl and 32 Fleet street. London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements on our behalf. ____^_ On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager _____ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN rgM£sfIQiAIILJLLA|I Mf RETRORSIIM JU AT THE THEATERS A iroiTOIUUH —Dark. MASON— nark. IHJRBAJJK —"Men and Women " BKL.ASCO — Genius." MAJESTIC —"The Alaskan." OKl'llEDMVaudeville.' (iKAMI— "Woodland." LOS ANGELES — OLYMPIC—Musical burlesque. I'ISCHKR'S— burlesque. IVAI.KKR—Comedy. I >'I<JI E—Comedy. ' PURE FOOD AN agitation for uniformity of pure food laws seems to be reason able and sensible. There ia an old proverb which says one man's meat is another man's poison, and under present conditions one state's food la another state's refuse. The < ampaigners for a general pure-food law present a strong case. Thoy point out that uniformity between state and national pure-food laws can be secured only if the states enact the federal ■tatutes, in identical terms, without addition, except to give it force within state boundaries. Uniformity of law seems to be as imperative for Bound articles of food as is the necessity for establishing uniformity of standard! for weights, measures, money, etc. Diversity of law with regard to weights, measures, and money would produce chaos throughout the states. The states can best guard the public welfare and can aid the enforcement of the national pure-food law by re enacting it in identical terms, without additions except to give it force within state boundaries, so that the food producers of every state may find their markets freely. To harmonize state and national laws by identical legislation would necessitate some changes, but the compromises would be few and ail van tages would outweigh disadvantage*. Pure food i 3 one of the strongest possible factors in the building of a nation. The quality o£ food has had a great deal to do with the hardihood and the tirelessness of sonic nations and of some Individuals. The United States for years has enjoyed the repu tation of being the best fed country in the world. That there should now be an urgent necessity for a pure-food law is deplorable, but since the n sity has arisen and since unscrupulous dollar coiners would not hesitate to poison the people or undermine the strength of the nation in order to • k< i into the millionaire class," it is Well legislation .should be uniform. "With uniformity there won't be a chance, for artful dodgers to break through weaknesses in the case for the prosecution and dodge out of the reach of punishment. WEATHER A CENTRAL IL.LIONIS newspaper reports the weather there is a little warmer. It is "only 7 de glWM below »ero." We congratulate our fellow citizens tmrk cast on this joyous sign of an early spring:. The good people of Illinois are beginning to get out their summer duds, and the ladlei are airing their parasols. The beautiful, warm sun i.s gleaming on ilv iparklißg snow, the genial Ice is •glittering- to the mellow, gray sky. The beneficent black clouds of winter are lowering pleasantly over the frozen landscape. The streams are all taking I rest, and the poor, tired Bit) are neatly packed to lcP- Imitation polar exploration can be conducted in the back yard. The heed less passer-by, who carelessly exposes his nose, has the same rubbed violently with beautiful snow by a benevolent Samaritan, who yells "Frost bite!" and warms himself by exercising <"' the endangered proboscis. Oh, it's great ■weather in Illinois. Only. 1 below zero! TIMELY WARNING I * Lt, friends and supporters ot good /I government should heed the ■*■* timely warning Issued by Judge Works. Public welfare demand! that no pledges should be made at-> this early day to any candidate at the com ing county and state election. Efforts to obtain pledges would indicate on the part of would-be candidates politi cal anxiety rather than patriotism. It Is of the utmost importance the good government influence should be exer cised In the direction of eliminating from consideration any men who are avowedly or secretly supporters of the' Southern Pacific machine. Good government must be extended j to the county and state, and doubt less will be extended if a campaign marked by broad Americanism is con ducted. Voters should not tie them- ] selves up to the support of any can- I dldate. This is an occasion when the office should seek the man, and es pecially does this apply to offices of the Importance of that which Is in volved In an attempted canvass for candidature which Is now being con ducted. No citizen who wishes to be a can didate would think of violating the i ethics of public offieeholding by trying | to "engineer" a movement for his own selection and election. Moreover, anxiety on the part of any man to become a candidate would naturally .give rise to suspicion he was being aided and abetted, or, in colloquial phrase, "egged on," by some Interest desirous of securing his nomination. As Judge Works says in his letter of warning: "The Good Government organization has an active and un scrupulous enemy to contend with. By a careful selection of candidates and an earnest and fair fight we have stormed and taken the first stronghold of the enemy, the city of Los Angeles. This is only the beginning of the war. The county and the state must be taken and the enemy of good govern ment completely routed before the good work, so well begun, can be given up. "We can win the fight If we hold to gether and use only the weapons of civic and political righteousness. The Good Government organization will have to lead the coming fight. It will < be greatly weakened if the Individual I voters who are in sympathy with It , make the mistake of pledging them- ( selves to support any candidate before , action is taken by that organization." i AVIATION IN SPITE of the endeavors of a zeal ous constabulary to* placo restric tions on the opportunities afforded correspondents who wished to get ac curate information, the aviation meet is receiving greater nnd wider publicity than any great gathering ever has had in the world's history. Aviation is a subject of universal interest. There is not a nation on earth that does not take a keen Interest in it, conscious that its very futura may be dependent upon the Intelligent part It may tike in adapting to Its own use this great new power -which has been added to the powers of mankind—the power of air snilins. The historical Log Angeles meeting is showing mankind that the di ments of the next few years are be yond the range of what we might call "guessability." It is impossible to im agine what may be the international outcome of the conquest of the air. The question which every expert on fortifi cation and ev'-ry export on naval policy throughout the world is secretly asking himself today is: "Will the conquest of the air Impair the efficiency of fortifi cations and make battleahipi obsolete? Will airships bo principal Instruments and agents in warfare, or will they be merely deadly auxiliaries like torpe does and torpedo boats? Is there not enough civilization in the world to bring about an international agreement which will make the won derful new inventions demonstrated With triumphant success In Los Ange les' great aviation week agents of peace and prosperity and of International amity and brotherhood? Y. M. C. A. PRESIDENT LETTS of the Young Men's Christian association in his inaugural address said great things had been accomplished during the past year, and this was "only a beginning." Mr. Letts, a typical citi zen of Los Angeles, a man who exem plifies intelligent enterprise and plans that are successful because they are carefully thought out, believes in and illustrates the Los AngelM way, and has applied it to the Y. M. C. A. Our local association la today the roremnst in the United Status. It is a veritable university in its resources and facilities, and to the university aspect it adds a social feature of in calculable value to young men who are away from home and relatives. The Y. M. C. A. is a young men'a training school, a young men's club, a young men's entertainment society. It deserves the hearty support of all citizens of Greater Los Angeles, and, like Mr. Letts, we believe Its great achievements of the past are only an earnest of what may be expected in the future. For that is "the Los An. geles way." Members of the state board of rail road commissioners do not realize their responsibility to the people. That Is all that's the matter with them —and it is matter enough. Considering one thing with another perhaps It is natural the commissioners should mistake them selves for representatives of the South ern Pacific railroad. They are willfully oblivious of the fact they hold public offices, and conveniently forget public office is a public trust. A Rood govern ment program must Include a state. board of railroad commissioners that will be representative of the Interests o£ the state, and not of a corporation. LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1(>, 1910. Reactionary Congressman's Peril SO HE VOTED WITH ) t^^i SAY EZRY THAT CANNON AN' \^^\- AINT YOU ' ALDRICH CROWD Lf^— *C CrOlN' TO EH' 15NUMBUT <T/ "-'""m) HELP ££ND THESE. books ,W?&|--\>l^ ME.&ACKFV/K ' ARE /NTERE.ST/N (T\*/'^?k? ANOTHER. UNCHRISTIAN SEVERAL learned judges and other authorities have commented on the increase of divorce cases in California. The number of divorces granted in our state is a subject of rebuke or of jest in other parts of the United States. In this land of sun shine and of orange blossoms it would be fitting if the phraa* "as happy as a California marriage" could pass into the language. WQ think probably the reputation of California is not wholly deserved. Many couples come hero from other states and "get their di vorce." (We believe that is the easy going phrn<>e> They resemble the hopeless invallils who come here from other states nnd "tret their death," giv ing California a wholly undeserved reputation for the percentages of its death rnte. The pulpit and the press should unite in a protest nnd a. campaign against the divorce evil In California. It is shocking thru the courts of this state should (fain national reputation as dl-> vorce mills. It Is unjust to honorable judges that their names should he associated so frequently with divorce cases. We do not wonder that some of the judges have been protesting. We hope they will go on protesting, and even when they grant decrees will exercise their prerogative and lecture the litigants in language without any vagueness or uncertainty of phrase. Jesus was opposed to divorce. He paid there was only one cause for which a wife might be pot away, and be said that any man who married a wife who was put away by her injured husband for this cause was a criminal. Yet there are many such criminals In the United States today, and some of them move in what is called good society. It is time for plain speaking- on the subject of the divorce evil. Jesus said the law of Moses sanctioned divorce for various causes, but that "from the beginning it was not so," and in this regard as in many others Jesus revised the law of Moses, allowed only one cause for divorce and forbade the di vorced person to marry again. The explicit commandment of Jesus forbidding a person divorced for cause to marry again is not cbeyed faith fully. Divorce should be made Impos sible, excepting for the one cause, and the person divorced for that cause should not be allowed under any cir cumstances to marry again. Moreover, if it were not so easy to enter into the marriage contract, the path to the divorce court would not be so well trodden. PHOTOGRAPHIC FAKERS NEW wonders have been added to the world not only by Aviation week but by the marvelous pho- topraghic feats of contemporary newi papers which have presented to their amazed readers alleged pictures re markable for audacity and originality. The limit seemed to have been reached when the Hearst paper printed a "pho tograph" of tv monoplane hovering scarcely three feet over the heads of the multitude in the grand stand, when every face was turned in a direction other than that of the apparition, and no one seemed to be aware of the pres ence of the great machine. This photograph was a superb effort —with scissors and paste pot. The man who put it together executed a triumph of constructive art. But even more re markable was the pictorial achievement of our morning Republican contempo rary In "photographing" at .San Pedro a Curtlss biplane which wag caught by the enterprising artist "in full flight' 1 apparently out over Point Fir iiiin. This photograph created consid erable sensation because no CurtlM ma chine has ever been nearer .San Podro than those that are stored at Domin guez Hold. The artist who created this remarkable photograph made the mis take of pasting an American instead of a French machine In the sky of the stock photograph he used. Otherwise the picture was.a very good—fake; and ai the substitution may have been mode from patriotic motives, perhaps we should deal gently with the erring whu fake not wisely but too weH. Returns from the British elections show the race will be close. The flral reports collected yesterday indicated the Unionists held 41 seats, the Liberals 89, the Laborites 6 and the Nationalists 5. The Unionists gained sixteen seats, the Liberals three and the Laborites one. If there should be a Radical coal ition the opening polling showed the progresslvists will be in the lead, theiv being fifty progressive members to forty-one Tories. Good government in the county and in the ytate will increase the pros perity of California and establish its governmental leadership among the states. It is of great importance that every good citizen should enter with heart and soul into the fight for the ex tension of good government. For the public well-being the work of reform should bo carried on until the initiative and referendum and recall are secured In the municipalities, counties and state of California. Fortification of San Pedro will K've Lns Angeles the most secure as well as the safest harbor on the coast. Pro tected from -wind and wave and from nsiauLt of foreign foe, the harbor of Greater Los Angeles will take care of a world's commerce and will be a fac tor of incalculable value in the devel opment and upbuilding of Southern C..llfornla. Since the fortification of San Pedro harbor is on the governmental pro gram, so that Greater Los Angeles will be Impregnable by sea, the government should extend its operations and make arrangements for a'permanent aviation station here. Citizens would like to feel secure from danger aloft as well as atow. Hollywood will make one of the most desirable residential districts of Greater Los Angeles. The citizens of Hollywood are so thrifty, progressive, enterprising and successful the citizens of Los An geles will be glad to greet them and share with them the advantages of metropolitanism. Police department Investigation will lie begun next week. It it is true Uv police liave arrested citizens without cause and have held them incomimmi- eado it is high time for such a thorough reform of the police system that Amer ican practices may prevail in Greater Los Angeles. Of course the airships of the future will be built for stormy as well as fair weather. The fearless navigators of the air will be out and about in all kinds of climate and all kinds of weather, like the fearless navigators of the ocean. Alameda street storm drain will be one of the biggest storm drain enter prises ever attempted in Los Angeles. The march of improvement is never halted in our enterprising, progressive city. ■ Motor wagons kept the traffic of New York from being tied up by a big snow storm. They defied drifts and gales, and delivered the goods. Great are motor wagons. Says a Christian Endeavor writer: "Christians are Christ's advertkse m< tt< " We presume he means (.'liiist like Christians. There are "flies" on Greater Los An geles, and we are proud of them. Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intended for publication must be accompanied by ibo name ami i»ii(UT*M of the writer. I lie ijrraitj given the widest liitil■:■'•■ to correspondents, bat assumes no responsibility for their views. THINKS PLEAS ON BEHALF OF CRIMINALS OFTEN MAWKISH LOS ANGELES, Jan 14.— [Editor Herald]: Reading Jlrs. Hester T. Grif fith's letter in this morning's Herald, and having in mind Judge Works' re cent attack on conditions in the county jail, together with various communica tions that have appeared in the Letter Box from time to time, and the de nunciatory literature put out by tho Prison Reform league, it lihk occurred to me that the other side of the ques tion needs an airing in your columns. It is an open question, to my mind at least, whether there is not a good deal oC mawkishncss in this outcry against the police, wardens and ;UI who have to do with controlling the dan gerous elements in society. 1 fjnd encouragement for this point of view, which doubtless will be un popular, in "The Outlook" of January 1, wherein the police policy of Mayer Gaynor is discussed editorially. The writer admits that the New York po li. i' have been guilty from time to time of violating fundamental princi- pies, but he adds: "Wo do most strong ly deny that the way by which the principles can best be put into prac tice is by cultivating sentimental sym pathy with the accused, by allowing indiscriminate assemblage, and by creating public distrust and suspicion of the police The sentimentalist sees the individual before him, but he does not see society; he is concerned for the comfort of the visible pris oner, while he forgets the security of the invisible but equally real mass of men and women and children If sympathy is to be exhibited at all it should be on behalf of society. The peril to society today In American cit ies is not from a too strong govern ment; it is from a government not strong enough to cope with the criminal and anarchic forces which exist In every great city on the continent." This point of view is surely worthy of consideration, and the more so, I think, when I read in the same num ber of The Outlook an article by a well known liberal New York lawyer in defense of Judge Gaynor's strictures on the police, which ends with the ad mission that the chiefs and commis sioners of the police force all declare that "it Is Impossible to stamp out vice and to detect and punish crime by following the ancient machinery of the criminal law and l>y observing the limitations vv'hlch it prescribes for the protection of the rights of the inno cent." The opinions of these men, whose daily experience brings them into prac tical contact with the actual facts in the case, would seem entitled to weight. HENRY 1". MERTON, RECENT ELECTION SHOULD ENCOURAGE TRUE CITIZEN LOS ANGELES, Jan, 14.— [Editor Herald]: It la with such great delight that 1 have read your editorial in this morning's Herald entitled "Good Gov» eminent" I am prompted to add my voice In hearty approval of the senti ment it contains. You say "The same combination of determination, fearless ness and patriotism that gave Good Government to Los Angeles can extend it." The members of the Democratic party and of the Republican party who believe in the defense of the rights of the people from the aggressions of privilege form an American party. This is the keynote to the solution of the critical situation confronting this mighty republic of ours. We have wise and* profound statesmen, laboring for years in vain to solve the trouble, but always within party lines, while the Interests (which, by the way, are graphically illustrated In your cartoon of this, date) smiling, stand by prepared to gobble up the victor. Now, how simple the solution seems by the people in combination with fear less and determined patriotism so grandly illustrated bjfc our recent mu nicipal election! If actuated and moved by the same sentiments and determination to have good government in this county and state, that election has fully demon strated the power of the people to get it. ■ .Should that consummation. result in wiping out the lines of bitter partisan ship and'erect in its stead an American party, by and of the people, each mem ber of which, marching In elbow touch The Spread of Vaccination Frederic J. Haskin ssjESsallE use of vaccination in the CKrTjR prevention of typhoid fever a serves again to remind the ntlon of typhoid tever serves again to remind th« M V>"M\ world of the great debt It SlJ®3 owes to William Jenner, who laafrggtU learned the great secret from a milkmaid 110 years ago, He first proved the correctness of his theory by inoculating little James Phlpps, ii!.' first human being who was ever vaccinated, and then exposing him to patients in a smallpox hospital. The overer took other means to thor oughly test the treatment before .he recommended it to the world. While there are those who Mill doubt the efficacy of vaccination, its value is really as well attested as any- I thing can be proved short of a multi plication table. The experience of the Philadelphia municipal hospital, but one instance of thousands, might be cited. Although 9000 eases were treated there during a term of years, not a single physician, nurse or attendant i who had been properly vaccinated con tracted the disease. Of 8500 cases treated during one outbreak, not a single case was of a person who had been vaccinated within the recog nized terms of years. During the progress of the epidemic it became necessary to have additional quarters, and a large force of carpenters, was employed. Only two of the workmen had not been vaccinated within a i proper length of time, and only these two contracted the disease. • • • Vaccination for typhoid fever, though based' on something of a different prin ciple, is somewhat like that for small pox. In smallpox the live germs of cowpox, regarded as the animal form of the human disease, arc used. In vaccinating against typhoid the dead germs of typhoid Itself are used. The germs are gathered and then culti vated In bouillon. When they multiply by tho millions they are suddenly stricken dead. The subject to be vac cinated then has a half billion of those dead germs put into his blood. If your house were infested by dead bodies you -can imagine that it would not be very habitable. So it is with the typhoid germs. The dead bodies of their fel lows lying around in such profusion make the human system unattractive for them. Ten days are allowed to lapse after the first dose of half a billion microbe corpses, and then a second dose of a, billion is applied. After that there Is practically no chance for the live microbes to survive because of the toxic condition of the blood that devel ops. But in order to make assurance absolutely certain, some practitioners recommend the third vaccination. After this the typhoid germ is certain ly rendered harmless. • • • Peace hath- her victories, and even armies may help win them. The great value of vaccination In typhoid fever has been proved m,ore through army medical practice than elsewhere. Ger many gives some notable statistics In the treatment of her South African troops. There it was found that of vaccinated troops only fifty per thou sand took typhoid, while ninety-eight per thousand of the unvaccinated ones contracted It. Of deaths there were only 3.29 per thousand among the vac cinated soldiers, against 12.60 among the unvaccinated ones. The same pro portions obtain in the British colonial possessions, and also in the United States army experiments now being made. •" • • Philadelphia is Just now offering to the world some rare statistics on the subject of typhoid fever.'While they do not relate directly to vaccination, they do' throw much light on the sub ject which will be helpful in the study of the recurrence of typhoid in indi viduals, which is one of the points of Interest in the possibilities of im munity from typhoid. In. this report over 68,000 cases were tabulated, cover ing the health office records of the city for eleven and a half years. It shows the remarkable and surprising fact that typhoid is not, after all, a summer disease. It reached Its highest point In the month of . February, during which month there were 9113 cases. Its lowest stage was in July, when there were 2993 cases. March had the sec ond highest record, and January, April and May also show upward of 8000 cases. , September is the highest month of the heated term, with 6055 cases. The fatalities amounted to a little less than one patient out of nine. The various states of the Union are doing all they can to foster a senti ment in favor of vaccination against smallpox, but no state has put its case in more striking form than Illinois. Through its board of health it has is sued a pamphlet entitled "This Man Was Not Vaccinated." On the front page Is his picture in health, and ho is a fine looking specimen of robust man- . Beneath his picture is the ridded with his neighbor in support of Rood government In nation as well as state, who shall shed a tear for the "depart ed," or sigh for the flesh pots the grafters have so long enjoyed, save the scattered crew of the shattered ma chine? J- D- BETHUNE. The State Press VULGAR AGITATOR Now. what has brought about thi> conflict in the United States congress? Simply this: a vulgar man, the repre sentative of certain powerful Interest* (such as, for example,, the Southern Pacific Railway company in this state) which expect favorable legislation, whether right or wrong, who happens to be in a position of power, and who because of fhat power has ingratiated himselt with other officials of power— this man, Joseph Cannon, is at the bottom of this whole trouble.—San Jose Mercury, Golden Hog "San Francisco," remarks the Chron icle of that city, "made a fair in 1893 out of the leftovers from Chicago, and San Diecjo should be able to make a good one from the bequests of Sun Francsico." Which is only another way of saying that San Diego is wel come to the trough after the golden hog has emptied it of its contents. How truly generous and confederate. — San Diego Union. —4>- New Market President Diaz of Mexico will lift the tariff duty on oil imported into that country when the article is used as locomotive fuel, making a new market for California oil on the west coast of Mexico of about 5000 barrels a day.— San Luis Obispo Tribune. Very Likely Will the discovery of the north pole Just prior to the opening of school ne cessitate the purchasing of now geog raphies?—Tulare Advance. Express Trust The most arrogant and burdensome trust in the United States in the trust of the express companies.— Chloo ltec- legend, "He Did Not Believe in It." The pictures following show his prog ress from the day he contracted the disease until it reached its most serious stage. Nothing can be Imagined that could have a deeper effect on the mind of a child. • • • There is another picture which re veals a trio of children, two <><' whom were vaccinated and the other not. Two of the little bodies are free from all trace of the disease,, while the third is dreadfully disfigured from it. The les son la strongly pointed out to children in this way. In addition to its striking and impressive illustrations, the little book has much text on the subject, all written in such a simple, direct way that it is bound to exercise a deep in ■ fluence on the mind of the child who ! reads It. The pnmphlet refers to the fact that I smallpox was once so prevalent that it was a common saying that men could not escape love nor smallpox, and that owing to the ravages of this terrible disease beautiful women were once so scarce that they were curiosities. it states that even the Father of his Country did not escape it, his face I bearing the- well known pits which mark those who have been, its victims. It traces the decreasing ratio of cases ■ wherever public sentiment has made it compulsory for all people to be vaccin ated, and recommends that the right of suffrage and other privileges of citi zenship depend upon vaccination. On the whole, it is one of the most effect ive pieces of public health literature ever issued, and should serve as a model lor all communities interested In the subject. • • ■ The culture of vaccine virus is one of the most interesting things that science is doing for mankind. The most of that which Americans use comes from an original source ■of cow-pox which oc curred In Beaugeney, Germany, In 1871. Some is used which comes from a case in Catassett, Mass., in 1881. It is made at laboratories under government in spection. The posterior half of a healthy calf's belly is shaved and scari fied in parallel lines,* and then inocu lated with virus. After the vesicles ripen the virus is taken from them under the most sanitary conditions, anil is then mixed with glycerine and al lowed to ripen from four to six weeks, Every detail of the work must be done with the utmost care to prevent con tagion, v Those who argue that vaccination is as dangerous as smallpox Itself will de rive small comfort from figures in the hands of the public health and marine hospital service, that splendid govern mental agency for the preservation of the national health. These figures show that of 2,275,000 eases observed in Ger many there were only thirty-live deaths from vaccination. In another authenti cated series of observations there was but one death in 65,000 vaccinations. In a series of 40,000 cases In Canada there was not a single death reported. • • * The danger from vaccination Is in no wise comparable to the Illness from smallpox. The history of the eighteenth century shows how terrible and wide spread were the ravages of this fearful plague. It was called the Attlla of diseases, the very scourge of God, over running countries and destroying whole populations. Six hundred million peo ple died from it in the century whose end marked the discovery of vaccina tion. More than 90 per cent of the wholo population had smallpox during their lives. It caught the king In his palace and the peasant in his hover; the rich man was attacked as readily as the pauper, and the cultured were no more immune than the ignorant. Most contagious of diseases, and sec ond only to leprosy in its loathsome ness, it is little wonder that parliament gave Jenner grants amounting to more than a quarter million dollars, that NapeJleon liberated prisoners of war on his request, and that Thomas Jefferson wrote him that so long as man lived upon the earth, with disease for his portion, the name of Jenner must ever be fresh in the human mind. The world cannot forget this benefactor of millions living and generations unborn. • • ■ Yet the suggestion for the great dis covery came from a humble milkmaid. In the presence of Jenner she. declared that she could not take smallpox be cause she had suffered from eovvpox. Truly out of the mouth of ignorance proceeded great wisdom. v Once planted in the mind of .Tenner, the idea grew until it developed into the most wide spread practice of preventive medicine the world has known. With -the advent of vaccination for typhoid we are led to hope that other diseases may yet be rended against In the same way,' and with sanitation guarding the gates of health, man's complete declaration of independence against contagion may be written before the second century of .Tenner's discovery has passed. m Far and Wide Price of Leather Sometimes we are permitted to get a little inside information concerning the ■hoe trade. For instance, people not fa miliar with the shoe and leather trade arc apt to think that a cent or two in the price of leather does not make such a difference. But a rise of I cent in the pXo of sole leather adds $2,000,000-to the sole leather bills of shoe manu facturers, and a rise of I cent a foot in the price of upper leather adds more an bVOOO to the bills of the shoe manufacturer for upper leather.-New buryport News. Foolish The rjeocle of this country want the Cuban republic to tie as peaceful, as orderly ami as lirmly established as tlw government of the Uniterd States. Any Cuban who believes that there exists in the United States any public senti ment in favor of the annexation or Cuba must be a victim of his own fears and suspicions.—Boston Adver tiser. Ethics of Peary "Whatever the merits of the Peary and Cook claims in the north, there is no question that Peary has acted »n doubt ful fashion In disposing of the full re ports of his latest trip for newspaper publication in a restricted manner, while drawing full pay of $4500 a year from the federal government.—Boston Advertiser. Limit of Credulity The president believes that the Payne -iriff Is the best tariff ever enacted; which recalls the old story of the man who approached Sydney Smith with the remark: "Mr. Robinson, I believe "Sir," was the reply, "If you believe that you will believe anything. —Provi dence Journal. -4r Russian Mendacity Russian ethnologist concludes that "the hlffhtest type of humanity in the now World existed in northwestern America." No consolation In till* for New England.-Cleveland Plain Dealer.