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HUNTING PARTY HAS BIG TIME COVERS LARGE AREA AND HASJ GOOD SPORT LONELY SKUNK ONLY DISTURB. ING FEATURE .Great Number of Sportsmen Go to Gun Clubs and Beaches for Sunday—Reports En. courag'ng When it comes to hunting- in the good old-fashioned way, with burros instead of tho speeding automobile, Architect J. T. Zeller and Optician F. C. Worrel, both of 210 Currier building, and J. W. Kennett of Pasadena have it all over any Ang-elenos who have ventured after the sport of the sun find rod for many moons. The three, accompanied by Zeller, jr., recently re turned from an extended trip to the Colorado river, one hundred miles of the distance having been traversed with the aid of a burro, while half again this distance was floated on the Colo rado river In a fiat boat. The party went the Southern Pacific route to Mecca, where burros were em ployed to carry the supplies and hunt ing traps, while the nimrods hoofed it in their wake and alternated in riding on a light wagon that, carried part of the food supplies. While crossing the desert the party split up, one section making for Coni Springs for a supply vt water, while tho other made for a distant point where they agreed to meet. This arrangement almost re sulted disastrously. The two going for the water with the wagon had a break down, and when they failed to show up at the appointed place of meeting at the end of the second day those who had been waiting, with the water get ting low, started on a search. A sand- Storm had obliterated the road, and the search became a guessing affair, which, luckily, resulted successfully after two tlays on short rations. When the party of fagged nimrods reached Crawford's camp, had ar ranged the camp as snugly as possible and were tucked away between their blankets on the verge of slumberland, it was discovered that the camp al ready was occupied. A Mr. Skunk, in evening clothes of black and white, was silhouetted against the rising moon nearby. After the din of battle was over it was found that he had fought a valiant last stand. As Mr. Zeller said: "As a result of that moonlight fray, one of our helpers, who we after ward named 'Unlucky John.' was com- At Crawford's camp the hunting was of us for the remainder of the trip, and on the night of the mixup we had to transfer our camping site." , As Crawford's camp the hunting was found to be good. Quail and rabbits were very thick, and the party spent Beveral days hunting in the vicinity. After two weeks of hardship and pleas ure a settlement called Blythe, on the Colorado river, was reached. Here lum ber was purchased and a flat boat soon | built. The burros and wagon were dis posed of to the best advantage, and the party, aboard the F. A. Weitzel, as the craft was called, started down the river to Yuma. On the journey down stream lines were put out and big niches of salmon, carp and catfish were caught daily. On reaching the great Lafruna dam a day was spent inspecting Uncle Bam' 3 handiwork, and then the jour ney home was resumed. Tom Brant and Al Cosby will hunt the aviating quaekers at tin- Mallard Duck club today. Last Sunday both succeeded in getting the limit at that club, and the hunters are looking f. >r ward to a good time today. The two ■will not return until Monday evening. K. R. Tufts. W. H. Holmes, F. Not man. Dr. Wilcoxon. Frank and John Schumacher and Charles P.uggles are shooting at the Pacific Gun club today. Employee nt the Tufts-Lyon com pany received a limit .shipment of ducks from Ed Mitchell, who is hunt ing at Tulare lake, yesterday. The shipment consisted of mallards and canvasback. Walter Stone and Percy Halbriter Hviil .shoot quail at Newhall today. Surf aro being caught at Ocean Park, Huntington and Sunset Beaches, Just as boon as the weather warms Tip a little it is expected that fishing will be good at all the beaches. From present indications the season should oi.cn earlier than last year. W. H. Wilshire shot at the Golden W( it Gun club last Wednesday, but as the ducks were not flying his bag was small, only eight being dropped. With a bottle of wine and some lunch, Fred Grasse and Dal Jeffries will spend today at Port Los Angeles angling. AUTOMOBILE NOTES A. ('. Robbins of the Greer-Robbins company has the aviation fever, and •wants to rival l'anlhan as a liyer. Manager M. M. Green of the Lee Motor <ar company, who was confined ! to his home with tonsilitis, is himself again, ami was at his desk last week. He celebrated his return by turning out six new Cadillacs. George R. Whitcoml) has been ap pointed general manager for the Los Angeles office of the Motor Car Im port company. F. C. Penner says lie will enter the laOtta Targa-Florio in the Altadena hill climb. Warren Vance, vice president of the Motor Car Import company, just re turned from a four weeks' trip in the cast. While there he visited the Halla <lay factory and arranged for ship ments of Halladay cars. Vance also visited J. M. Quinby & Co. in Newark. N. J., importers of Isotta cars and builders of Quinby bodies. While In New York he attended the automobile show and while there arranged to get \\.< forty-five horse power isotta with Quinby "limited' body which was on exhibition at the New York show. F. C. Fanner has gone north to ar range sub-agencies for Halladay and ta cars, for which his company is Pacific coast distributor. B. W. Bixby, secretary of the Motor Car Import company, reports that then- garage has been named as the official garage of the San Francisco Automobile club for this city. The first carload of Halladay ears arrived this week and are on exhibi tion In the show rooms of the Motor Car i mpany. The Initial ship ment consisted of one forty horse pmver model, one thirl power in..dcl and two twenty-four I r models. j 1 " — ' "~ = = Outfitters for -,- , ' ===== = . == ~- ■ ; ' — Men. Women. <c* Girls 437-4J9-441-443 SOOTH SPRINO Special Sale of Men's Suits £*\jj - — L^-'V-X. f [ •'\! \ l\ A/I E OFFER for This Week Your Choice of 400 I' / ... r; \ I k ■ I// W Men's Sack Suits and 100 Men's Overcoats 'I/ff |\ \ |^% la\ I^=l and Rain Coats at Ten Dollars. Not a Suit M'■-•' : ~^ \ X dsXh ==^ in the Lot is Worth Less Than $15.00. ffSJfe, J IKl^r y Many of Them Are Worth $18 and $20. Splendid if ' \ Mf\ Jr and Perfect Fitting Garments. We Invite Com- ffl '•-^1 m/ $£■•/ parison with Any Other Sale Now in Progress in V. •'_; i 1 jfrr-f T This City, Being Thoroughly Convinced That We Are i| IJJ^K <L | I ill Offering the Best Values at This Price. If You • IKFva A;;..||| Come Here You will Buy. Sale Begins Monday. nl|- *\ Iffi $omh*€ham Li\i Ml i^l ' Outfitters for\.. _. , '■ - , y~4 xWk ' US W&± ' Women. Boys <&i Girls <sHIFm m m, 437-439-441-443 sooth .SPRING) ®^ Automobile Club Is Doing Great Work for Good Roads TI I E excellent work being done by the Automobile Club of South ern California cannot but be commended by all who are inter ested in the subject of good roads. F. C. Finkle, consulting engineer of the club, has presented the further results of his investi gation of the road work being executed by the Los Angeles highway commission as directed by the club, which is as follows: Classification of Macadams The actual work in the field which I have inspected during the past two months is as follows: —Site for stone quarry at Pa coima in th" San Fernando valley. Second—Site for stone quarry near San Dlmas. Third— El Monte road work. Fourth—Grading of roads where this Is being carried on at the present time. Fifth —The office work in progrefs at the offices of the highway commission. In addition to this I have given con siderable time to the matter of organ ization for handling the work in the fu ture, which will also be discussed in this report. Inspection of Work Since making further examinations of the El Monte road, the subject of macadam construction for Los Angeles county has appeared to me more and more important. While the work done m this section of roadway has not yet been sufficiently well tested to develop many serious defects, as only a portion Of it has been thrown open to public use, and that for a very short time only, yet I am able to judge it from an engineer's standpoint sufficiently to af firm what 1 said in my previous report. Also having received a number of in quiries regarding the various kinds of macadam in use for building roads and requests for more detailed reasons why any of these kinds of road construc tions are not equally suitable for this vicinity, I have decided to give the proper classifications and descriptions of macadams in this report. Roadway macadams are properly classified into three different classes as follows: First—Dry macadams. Second —Protected macadams. Third—Bonded macadams. The first of these Is the original macadam which has been used for a very long time and is made by covering the roadway with broken stone and filling its interstices with screenings from the same material as the broken stone. This type of construction has been found to be satisfactory for heavy, slow moving traffic, particularly when hard, firm and fine grained rock has been used for crushed rock and screen ings. Various limestones, not so hard, have also been found satisfactory for traffic which is neither heavy nor rapid. The dry macadams have, however, always given the best satisfaction in ■humid climates where they are contin ually kept In a moist condition. In dry climates like that of Southern California the absence of rainfall dur ing the summer season has rendered the use of dry macadams quite unsat isfactory even for conditions similar to those under which it has proved ex tremely successful in places where the rainfall is more abundant and evenly distributed. The reasons for this are quite obvious, since the drying out of ♦he rock causes a. readjustment of the particle*, which are only bonded to gether mechanically, and such a re adiustment causes the formation of chuckholes in the roadway. ■ The only satisfactory remedy for this condition is to sprinkle the roadway sufficiently to keep it moist at all times, but this is both expensive and difficult of exe cution. However, since the general use of automobiles, _, dry macadams have proved undesirable for other reasons, A rapidly moving vehicle, such as a motor car, caftses a disturbance of dr. macadams, even when they are kept in LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORITCNG. JANUARY 23, 1910. a in.list condition. The action of high speed tires has resulted in the forma tion of waves and chuckholes even when dry macadams have been kept damp, whether from natural rainfall or by sprinkling. Therefore, experience has demonstrated their unfltnegi under modern conditions, and they are now not considered the proper type of road construction for roads on which much motor car travel is expected. The next step was the Invention of the protected macadam. This is con structed in the same way as the dry macadam, except that a top course of from one to two inches was made of, sand or fine screenings saturated with oil, coal tar, residuum from crude oil, or some other substance which would bond the surface together. It was thought that this would overcome the chuck-hole evil and would produce a permanently smooth roadway, free from waves and undulations. In this, however, expectation has not been realized. In the first place, it was dif ficult to make a smooth roadway by this method, since the dry macadam below, no matter how well It might have been rolled and settled before ap plying the dry course, would be more or less disturbed during the process of applying the top dressing. This resulted in the formation of general waves in the surface of any protected macadam, as the rolling of the top course would squeeze the fine material deeper into the underlying matrix of rock in some places than others. The rolling of the top layer also had a tendency to dis turb the macadam below to an extent which made the formation of a smooth surface practically impossible. But the traffic on such a road after it was constructed proved the most serious of all objections. When the top layer became plastic in warm weather, the traffic would force it down in the porous rock below, thus making the roadway very uneven. High-speed travel would also roll the underlying rock up into hummocks and depres sions. The result has been that pro tected macadams are almost as un satisfactory as dry macadams. The only difference in their favor being that they are more free from dust and more easily kept clean than dry macadams. But so far as evenness of surface is concerned, the difference between the two is slight after they have been in I use for a few years. : . Recent years have shown that there la a method of macadam road construc tion which Is superior to the two al ready discussed and which, In fact, has fully overcome the objections I have urged against the others. I refer- to what is known as bonded macadam, in which the bond is no longer a mechani . cal one from one rock fragment Inter locking with another, but a cemented i bond produced by rilling all the voids ! in the broken stone with .some sub i stance possessing a high degree of . cementing quality as well M elasticity. The substance now generally used ' for making? bonded macadams are vari ■ ous preparations made from coal tar, , asphaltum and residuums from the • distillation of crude oil. i In California crude oil has also been • suggested, but so far experiments made indicate that it will never be a satis ' factory Ingredient to be mixed with » rock for making bonded macadam. . The reasons for this are that the i heaviest oils are too light to fill the ' interstices in the ■ rock ; completely, i without at the . same time making the roadway too soft to sustain heavy traf fic, particularly during the warm weather. Further, the use of oil is extremely uneconomical, because a. large amount of waste occurs through the evaporation of the volatile portions of the oil which are too unstable to re sist the ordinary atmospheric tempera ture. In Southern California particularly a bonded m:.-adam made with heavy residuum will be the moat satisfactory and durable. We have In the summer season a long period of '..-arm weather with very few cool days, causing the oil bonded macadam to soften. Unless it is made with a heavy re siduum containing a large proportion of fixed bitumen it will become sod. The objection made to the effect that the first cost of using- such a residuum is greater than oil has very little force In view of the fact that subsequent main tenance of roads bonded with a heavy substance is very much less than roads bonded with oils. The oiled roads be come ko uneven that they have to be continually resurfaced In order to keep them in a passable condition. This expense will in a few years more than make up the difference in first cost, and it cannot be successfully said that the bonded macadams made with heavy restduums are not more economical than those made with oil, although their first cost is slightly greater. In the eastern states and in Europe, where asphaltlc residuuma are expen sive and difficult to obtain, various preparation! made from coal and coal tar are used for bonding macadams. These, however, are made so heavy as i<i lit 1 practically the same as our heav ier reaiduums, showing that experience elsewhere leads to the same conclusions as lu<re. Lateral Protection to Roadways The present method of protecting the edges of the macadam road being con structed in Los Angeles county is to make an oiled shoulder on the road sev en feet wide on either side of the six- Ceen-foot strip of macadamized road. While this will be a temporary protec tion to the margins of the macadam, it is unquestionably true that future trou ble will result on account of the break ing' down or the oiled surface along the edges of the macadam. .The passage of heavy vehicles near the oiled shoulder will soon break the contact and permit the formation of a groove into which water will filter and pass below the. macadam. Injury will therefore result to the foundation wher ever the soil is such that the presence of water softens it. There are two remedies which can be. applied to prevent this from occurring. One of these is to slope up to the sur face in a distance of four or five feet where it would gradually taper out into the oiled shoulder. In this way there would be no marked contact between the oiled road and the macadam to cause the formation of a groove or gut ter between the two. A stlli better method, however, would be to extend the rock out on a level until it would pinch out at its Inter- Bectlon with the curve of the road sec tion. This method would Involve con siderable more expense than the former and might require the modification of the curves by sharpening them slightly beyond the sixteen-foot strip. In diMUMIBC tills matter with A. K. Loder, chief engineer of the L,oa Ange les highway commission, It developed that the law under which the work is being done limits the width of mac adam to sixteen feet. It would sk-mi, however, that this objection is unswered by the fact that the rock outside of the sixteen-foot strip will not be a mac adamized road in the sense intended by law, but a protection to the roadway, just as the oiled shoulders now con structed are added for the porpose of such protection. It would seem that this question is so Important that the legal advisers of toe highway commission should puss upon it, and if the law permits it to be done the method of marginal pro tection should be changed as herein above suggested. This might add some to the first cost of the work, but the permanent bene fits and saving in maintenance will more, than counterbalance the addi tional expenditure. Stone for Macadamizing The greatest problem to be solved in the road work up to the present time is the procuring of suitable rock for this purpose. The popular belief is that Southern California is so abun dantly supplied with rock which is suitable for road macadam that the question is one which hardly requires any thought to solve it. I found out personally more than twenty year* ago that this popular belief is wholly without reason. At that time I was employed as engineer to construct sev eral miles of macadamized roads in the city of San Bernardino and experi enced the greatest difficulty in finding suitable rock for the purpose. The coarse grained rocks of the country, although many of them are of great hardness, are not suitable for road macadams. The reason for this is that under the action of- travel the coarse grains will separata from one another and will then be rapidly re duced to a dust. The qualities neces sary for a good road rock are not alone hardness, but fineness of texture. Tli.! only rocks in Southern Califor nia which answer this description are porphyrys and andesytes. Such rocks arc found only in a few localities, as most of the good rock is either of granite or schistose character. It is evident that those in charge of the highway commission's work did not at first realize the scarcity of suitable rock for road work and therefore failed to give this subject the immediate and energetic attention it required. Since then, however, the matter has been taken up in earnest and two sites for quarrying suitable rock have been acquired and are now being im proved. These are at Pacoima and San Dimas. Magnitude of Work The impression 1 have gained is that no one seems to realise the magnitude of the undertaking now in the hands of the Jjos Angeles highway commis sion. Over 300 miles of macadamized read! are to be constructed in the next two years, if the time set when the bonds were voted is to be fol lowed. It whs generally understood that three years after the voting of the bonds the money should be spent, and the roads to be constructed with it were to be fully complated. This made an undertaking of great magni tude owing to the peculiar conditions attending the expenditure of the three and a half million dollars provided for the work. ID the first place the work is widely scattered, requiring an excellent and strong organization to handle it. Fn the next place the plan of procedure must lie carefully laid to obviate all d< lay:-, which arc caused by encoun tering 1 unforeseen obstacles. Ip to the present time it seems that the magni tude and Importance of the work has been underestimated and that pro vision lias neither been made for a proper organization nor a sufficiently definite plan of procedure. This I* a matter which the Log Angeles high way commission should immediately take in hand, so as to lay out its work with the same precision which is doin- by a general before entering upon a long and arduous campaign. Work for Next Year If anything of consequence is to bo implllhed during the next year, contract! for from 125 to 160 miles of the road work must be awarded before March 1, 1910. Failing to find sufficient contractors to take this amount of would which is not at all improbable. the highway commission must prepaio to execute by force account the portion which it cannot contract, and mast do it under the direction of its own en gineering force. There lire only nine months each year during which effec tive work can be done. The beginning of this period is about March l, i&io, for the coming season. The importance of what I have here Bald about the awarding of contracts, and failing to find contractors for all the work demanded next year, to make preparations tor beginning the con struction by force accounts by the first of next March cannot be overestimated. Should the highway comrnliiio%ifal] t.i comply with this, at least approxi mately, very little work can be done next year and the results will be highly unsatisfactory to the; people of L,os An geles country. There now remains less than two months in which to do all this in ad dition to opening the rock quarries as I have already pointed out, and because the time is so short, this necessary task is all the more difficult, although by no means Impossible of accomplishment. Comparison of Estimates In ray last report I promised to give my views regarding the outcome of work done as compared with the esti mates of costs relating to same. I have been unable to secure sufficient infor mation from the office of the chief en gineer of the highway commission to pass upon this subject in the present report I requested from Mr. Loder a tabulation of the estimates made, as well as a tabulation of the contracts already let and the payments made under the contracts so far as the work has progressed. This information I have not yet been able to obtain owing to the fact that Mr. Loder states he has not had time to assemble it. This would indicate that the records are kept in convenient form for easy access and that the office organisation is not up to the desired Standard, since the information I have asked for should merely involve copy ing the records which ought to be done by the ordinary office help in a few hours. I hope to secure this informa tion in time to make an analysis of the figures and present my conclusions when making my third report. Recommendations As a result of investigations made since my lirst report and the considera tion given to the various important matters entering into the highway con struction in this county, 1 will sum marize the conclusions readied in the following recommendations: First—Only a bonded macadam made from hard rock and screenings and a heavy residuum to fill all the inter atlcea should be employed for highway construction. Second—Some means of obtaining bet ter lateral protection to the 16-foot macadamised roadway, than the oiled shoulder now employed, should be de vised. Third—The deposit of andesyte at Pa coima is of the highest grade, sufficient In quantity and easily accessible for the work proposed under the three and a half million dollars of bonds issued. Fourth—The Kan Mimas andesyte, al though inferior to that at Pacolma, is also entirely satisfactory for road pur poses and seems to exist in unlimited quantities. Fifth—ln order quickly and satisfac torily to open the Pacoima quarry an electric shovel and dump tram for stripping should be installed immedi ately. —The Pacoima quarry site should ba opened not only on the upper level, but stripped and opened on the lowest level, at the base of the hill, in order to secure sufficient working room and good material as quickly as needed. Seventh—ln selecting the rock | from the • San Dlmas quarry care must be used -to obtain only | the hardest I and finest,. grained y; material, ~ as there \ls much soft and unsatisfactory rock near the good deposits. This!,will;. require careful Inspection by competent persons when the cars are loaded, ■ , i PART 111 Eighth—A more efficient office ami field organization must be secured than exists at present, by the employment or good men to whom shall be given the proper authority and responsibility for work placed in their charge. Ninth—From 125 to 15n miles of high ways must be completed during the year of 1910 In order to keep faith with the people, and this cannot !»■ done un less the contracts arc awarded, or prep arations made to begin the work not contracted by force account, about March 1, 1910. In conclusion 1 wish to state that any suggestions and criticisms bereinaboi i made are not intended to be personal, or to reflect upon those in charge ot the work at the present time, but are submitted for the purpose of assisting them and as the result of knowledge which I have acquired In the handling of large works of construction. 1 submit herewith several photo graphs snowing the quarry site at Pa cciiina and Ban Dlmas. AUTOISTS INTERESTED IN NEW LOCAL COURSE Prominent Track Men in East Look with Favor on Enterprise of Jack Prince NEW YORK, Jan. 21.— Automobilists the country over, and especially the fol lowers oC speed contests, are interested in tlie saucer board track which is to be constructed in Los Angeleß. It will be like the track built in Madison. Square Garden for the six-day bicycle . but on a much larger Boali There has been much discussion among experts relative to the merits of the board surface tor autos, gome of the beat engineer* mvi devisers In the country having been free in their praise of it, claiming that the co-efficient of friction between rubber and wood vvi.l prove much better than between rubber and any other Surface. It is also claimed that there will be much less beating Ol tires, and what heat is gen erated will be more quickly dissipated than with any other medium. Yet there are many who believe the icheme will not iv practical. The track will be one mile in circum ference, a trui' circle in shape, and the turn will- have an enormous radius, much greater than those of the famous Brooklanda track in England. It will be seventy-five, feet wide and uniform ity banked to a gradient of three in one. On the outer edge it will bo twenty-five feet high. Many of the greatest racing driven have indorsed the construction, among them George Robertson, who will drive his new Simplex racer on the track; Lewis Strang and Ralph Do I'alma. The two last named als o have entered cars for the opening meet In April. Louis Chevrolet, Walter Christie, Bar ney Oldfield and Joe Watson are others who speak highly of the innovation ami have sxpresed a desire to drive theia also. The National and Harmon teams have been entered, and from present Indications about every driver of note will be on hand (or the racing. The timing (if the ears on the new track will be automatic, and all rec ords made on the, course will be ac cepted as authentic. BUYS THIRTY AUTOS NEW ) YORK,' Jan.- 21.—Before re turning to Saskatchewan, J. C." Co* stopped oft here and bought thirty autos for his farmer friends of the far northwest.' He Is not an agent. He told his neighbors |he was Lolng, east, and they gave him their, orders,- ac companied by bank i drafts. The i deals were ' mostly , cash, and :. aggregating nearly | $100,000. I Bumper wheat crops in;the northwest were ] the cause of so much orcecerlty.