VOTE FOR HOLLYWOOD CONSOLIDATION PROJECT AND GREATER LOS ANGELES
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TAFT IS TRYING
President Says That Party
Pledges Must Be Re
White House Forces Con
sideration of Admin
WASHINGTON. Jan. 23.— Activity,
such as seldom has been dis
played by committees so early
in tho first regular session of a con
gress, is now in evidence in both wings
of the capitol.
Although there are practically three,
parties—tegular Republicans, 'in
surgent" Republicans and Democrats
there are signs on every hand that
President Taft is daily gaining sup
porters for his legislative program.
The skill shown by the president in
avoiding clashes with either Republi
can faction, and the knack he has ex
hibited in compelling the aid of both
in his fight for tho redemption of party
pledges, has noticeably impressed the
Democratic minority. In the house
there are indications the threatened
fusion of Democrats and insurgent Re
publicans on several legislative ques
tions is little feared by the majority.
"Taft is trying to beat the Demo
crats out of any prospect of control
ling the next house," remarked a
prominent Democratic leader of the
senate yesterday. "If it were not for
the way he is knocking Republican
heads together and making them fall
into line for advanced legislation —
Democratic legislation, if you please—
we would' get you fellows sure," pre
dicted this minority leader, addressing
the Republicans present.
Agree on Legislation Not Favored
The senator was talking to men who
had just agreed on the principle of a
piece of western legislation that, ad
mittedly, few of them favored. The in
cident furnishes a good illustration of
the present congressional situation.
Committees art? now considering sub
jects usually postponed until after the
appropriation bills are passed by the
The senate committees, under pressure
from the White House, have laid plans
to take up the administrative measures,
while the house Ikis supply bills under
consideration. Indications are that by
the time the feovse c.ilandar has been
cleared of budget bills, the senate will
have ready for the consideration of
that body a number of most important
Senate leaders who have gone to the
White House have been told that it id
necessary to wait for action by tho
public on matters designed to carry out
Republican pledges. Those inclined to
st»y away from the White House have
been sent for, or the warning has been
delivered t o them by their colleagues.
Not content with such notice, Mr.
Taft has taken the further precaution
Of gcltiiiK "service by publication." In
other words, ho lias made tho news
papers his confidant, and, perhaps in
cidentally, his supporters on most of
the advanced, legislation proposed by
It is regarded probable that the pres
ident's railroad hill will be enacted at
the present session, regardless of tho
fact that bills on the same subject and
somewhat opposed to the Taft bill,
have been introduced in the senate by
Mr. Cummins, and in the house by Mr.
Amounts to Pooling
There may be some Democratic op
position to certain features of tho ad
ministration bill. Mr. Tillman is study
ing- it and has reached the conclusion
that the proposition to allow railroads,
under certain conditions, to make joint
rates amounts to pooling.
Republicans say he is mistaken, and
an interesting session of the senate
committee on interstate commerce is
predicted for Friday.
Railroad bills will he taken up by tho
house committee on Thursday.
The president's federal incorporation
bill is expected to have the hardest
sledding of any measure in his pro
gram. Land hills and conservation
measures will receive careful attention
at the present session, regardless of
the Ballingcr-Pinchot investigation.
The urgent deficiency bill Is beforo
the house and probably will be passed
within two days. The agricultural
bill, carrying appropriations of $17,
--000,000, and the Indian bill are ready
for attention,, and other supply^ bills
are well under way.
In the senate the fortifications bill
jwlll be reported tomorrow, and the
.army bill is in committee. Tho Mann
Jcana! bill, passed by the house, will bo
f passed on Monday, and tho Alaskan
' legislative council bill also will go on
(the senate calendar.
r]"h,. Arizona and New Mexico state
hood bill can be brought out of com
mittee whenever the senate Is ready to
Postal savings banks bills are ex
pected to be taken up in the senate
committee Wednesday, and it is prob
abie that a favorable report will bo
made within a week. -
PRISON OFFICERS INSULT
SISTER OF LORD LYTTON
Lady Constance, Serving Sentenqe for
Smashing Jail Windows, Liber.
ated Before End of Time
LIVERPOOL, Jan. 23.—Lady Con
stance Lytton, sister of Lord Lytton.
who served a week of a two weeks' sen
tenco in Walton jail under the name of
Jane "VVarton for smashing the jail win
' clows, was liberated today. - r
Lady Constance was liberated a week
in advance of her term on orders from
the tome secretary. She Is in an ex
hausted condition.' it is said • that she
lias been forcibly ted since January 18
und has been subjected to gross insults
by prison officials. r«JFK*BSE?
LOS ANGELES HERALD
For Los Angeles and vicinity—Mon.
day, rain; brisk south wind. Maximum
temperature yesterday, 70 degrees;
minimum, 55 degrees.
Sales of meat at local restaurants and
cafes falls off as result of anti-trust
agitation. PAGE 1
Balloon "Dick Ferris" makes record
timu crossing city. . PAGE 3
Warns mothers of measles epidemic;
city health officer says there are 1200
cases in the city. . PAGE 3
All preparations are completed for vot
ing on annexation of Hollywood. PAGE 3
Secretary Wiggins urges local business
men to attend excursion to San Fran
cisco. PAGE 3
Women pedestrians have narrow escape
from wheels of automobile. PAGE 3
Champion motorcyclist De Rosier dis
cusses suspension by national racing
board. ' PAGE 8
Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Is
opened with thousands attending the
services. . PAGE 5
First Methodist church receives an ad
dition of 150 members. PAGE 5
Church Is an active force, says Rev.
William MacCormack at St. Paul's
pro-cathedral anniversary. PAGE 5
Missionary says renaissance is awaiting
China. I'AGEJ 5
Inland empire excursion arrives; many
tourists, may become residents of the
southland. PAGE 5
Editorial, Letter box, Haskin'g letter.
Liberal club petitions president and .
congress to Investigate food situation.
Mines and oil fields. ' PAGE 9
City brevities. - PAGE 5
Theaters and dramatic criticism.
Sports. PAGES 6-7
Automobiles. PAGE 8
Classified advertising. PAGES 10-11
Shipping. PAGE 9
Churches. PAGE 5
Aviator C. K. Hamilton makes (spec
tacular flight around bay at San Diego.
Increased fish run follows boycott of
meat at bay cities. • PAGE 1
John L. V. Fonck. member of Soldiers'
home, commits suicide. PAGE 10
George H. Peck, Norwegian consul, in
fistic encounter at San Pedro as result
of attempt to have him removed. PAGE 10
"Living too easy" is the answer of
President Hipley of Santa Fa when
asked about meat boycott. PAGE 1
Water bond opposition Issues questions
and allegations In Pasadena campaign.
Alaskan coal lands not entered Is gist
of statement issued by \ Commissioner
Dennett. ' -~"': PAGE 2
New comet observed in many parts of
world is placed In classified list. PAGE 2
Flight of Paul nan prevented by gale
and heavy rains. PAGE 3
Protest against beef combine Is taken
up throughout east and west. PAGE 1
J. Ogden Armour says co-operation of
packers is benefit to public. PAGE 1
President tries to forestall Democrats
from obtaining control of house of
representatives and forces senate com
mittees to lay plans to consider ad
ministrative measures. PAGE 1
Railroads seek educated men, declares
expert In monograph which has been .
submitted to secretary of interior, and
he urges principles of definite appren
ticeship be applied by companies.
,■ PAGB 2
Two fires directed against Balllnger, in
vestigation of controversy with Pln
chot and Ihquiry into alleged reckless
expenditures by Interior department.
New York assembly adopts resolution
seeking investigation of meat combine.
I, PAGE 2
Government hopes to end all strife oc
casioned by raids of night riders. PAGB 2
Bravery of skipper of fishing smack off '
Massachusetts saves lives of fifteen
persons. PAGE 2
Pinchot to become president of National
Conservation association. PAGB 7
Ezra Kendall, the comedian, dies of
apoplexy. PAGE 7
Additional names of persons killed in
Wreck on the Canadian Pacific railroad
in Ontario are given and fourteen
more bodies recovered. PAGE 1
Irish Nationalists will hold balance of
power in England's house of . com
mons, as neither of two bis factions
will have working majority. PAGE 1
Charcot and party of France who go
In quest of south pole are far south.
Seine river In France still rising and
national disaster is Imminent. PAGE 12
Rebel forces in Nicaragua makes attack
on outposts, but government troops
prove stronger. . \ ■ PAGE 7
American tariff rate does not satisfy the
German government. ' PAGE 7
London regrets action of China on Man
churian railway question. PAGE 7
MINING AND OIL ,
Mine owned by Frank A. Garbutt of
Los Angeles excites Granitevllla dis
trict with gold strike. PAGE 9
Kern county and Coallnga agencies seem
to favor closed door policy: PAGE D
Congested transportation' causes Coal
inga leases to suspend work. PAGE 9
Wave of new-development work spreads j
over Coalinga field. PAGE 9
iiwater company decides district is
too low grade for profitable mining.
; , PAGE 8
Coaltnga Oil Producers' agency will mar
ket its own oil. I'AUB 9
Memslo and.Plcato rule as even choices
among fans who' bet on results of
fights, . . PAGE 6
Charlie' Eyton signs up Henri St. Yves,
champion marathon runner of the
world, and John D. Marsh. Canadian
*" champion, for marathon race here'
early next month. ■ .. . PAGE 6
MuCormlck's Shamrocks win second of
t series of games with Trilbys for side
bet, whitewashing colored aggregation i ~
twice in two days. ■■. s. PAGB 7
Walter Folsom's Mischief 11. Wins both
dory races at San Pedro and now leads
for ' honors of second series of . these
winter yachting events. I PAGB 0
Rangers show great Improvement at
■boeer and easily defeat Exiles of
Riverside* which team beat them at a
previous meeting. t PAGB 6
Numerous amateur and seml-profcsslon- j
al games are played in Southern Call
■ fornia, with. several near-league
games "resulting. , PAOB 6
Jack Johnson uses some remarkable , ,
language in address to colored V. M.
'■C. A. • '-;■ PAGE I
■ii,,-,-.. leaders In National league meet
at ritlsburg t« discus* game schedule •
for coining season. . ■ FACIE 6
. . ...... t . ■: • " -
MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1910.
OVER PT. LOMA
Hamilton Soars Above the
Calm of Purple Moth
FLIES AROUND BAY
Aviator Sweeps Out to
Ocean, Glides to Earth
Distance of 690 Feet
LEMUEL F. PARTON
SAN DIEGO, Cal., Jan. 23.—1f the
Purple Mother's theory of reincar
nation provides for the re-embodi
ment of prehistoric birds, devotees
walking in the philosophic calm of
Point Loma today received a heaven
sent fulfillment of their dreams.
Sweeping across the sunset sky,
skirting vagrant wisps of rose colored
cloud which overhung the ocean's edge,
came a creature which in the view of
the elect could have been nothing else
than a giant pterodactyl sprung again
into being as a revelation to tho faith
To those who know not the white pil
lared silences of Point Loma, it was
merely C. K. Hamilton, riding a Cur
tiss biplane, from the grounds of the
San Diego Country club, but the pro
saic nomenclature of the man and the
machine did not lessen the fact that the
flight was one of the most beautiful
and the most sensational yet achieved.
Flies Eleven Miles
The aviator covered eleven miles in
his flight over the point southward be
yond Coronado, eastward around the
bay and back to the grounds. The flight
was the second of three remarkable air
voyages, the»last of which was con
cluded by a glido from a height of 600
feet, which establishes a new record
for aeroplane gliding from a height.
The first (light of the afternoon was
one of the most daring feats of avia
tion yet accomplished. Hamilton cov
ered about fifteen miles in a sweep out
over the ocean, skirting the Hotel del
Coronado grounds and flying across to
San Diego on his return to the Country
club grounds. The flight was taken In
the face of the heaviest wind which
Hamilton has yet encountered and the
crowds watching below were kept
breathless by the plunging of the ma
chine as it fought the gale.
After the first successful flight Ham
ilton met a slight accident in alight-
Ing from a short trip in which he took
John F. Greer, a San Diego newspaper
man, as a passenger. Two ribs of the
left plane were broken in alighting on
rough ground, but tho damage was
In his flights tomorrow Hamilton will
try for the altitude record.
Crashes Into Fence
Two minutes after C. F. Walsh, a
local inventor, in a monoplane of his
own construction, had crashed into a
fence deeply lined with spectators, com
pletely wrecking his aircraft, Charles
K. Hamilton, in a Curtiss biplane
which Glenn H. Curtiss used at Rheims,
France, when he won the speed prize,
left the ground and soared skyward
in the face of a 3-mile wind.
Although Walsh's machine was
smashed to pieces and parts of the
frame -were hurled among tho crowd,
no one was seriously injured, although
several were slightly wounded by being
struck by pieces of flying debris.
OF WRECK VICTIMS
Additional Names of Persons Killed
in Accident on Canadian
Pacific Railroad Are
NAIRN, Oct., Jan. 28.—The ire-bound
Spanish river today begun to iflve up its
dead. Tile first I'lass rur, one <>f the
four of the Canadian Pacific passenger
.rain tliat took the plunge down tlie em
bankment Friday afternoon, was raised
above tile surface of Hie river this after
Workmen crept Into the wrecked in
terior and brought out several bodies.
Tho forward part of the coach was
badly demolished ami it is not im
probable that some bodies floated away.
Fourteen bodies were recovered today,
iiinUiiiK a li-t of dead whose names are
known of 25 in addition to nix. unidenti
fied women and children whose bodies
were taken from the first class roach
SAULT STE. MAIUK, Mich., Jan. 23.
—Word was received today from the
Canadian Pacific wreck at Spanish
river, that the wrecked dining car had
been entirely removed from the river
and the first-class coach was half out
of the water.
Bodies of fourteen victims were re
covered. Grappling operations were in
stituted today to recover more bodies
from the river.
The following additional names of
dead were given out today:
PATRICK KINAHAN, Bruce, Ont.
H A BOOTH, Toronto.
FOUR-YEAHS-OLD GIRL NAMED
PEES Bruce Mines, Ont.
THOMAS AUSSANT, Blind River.
W. J. ROBERTSON, auditor of Ca
nadian Paolflo railroad.
REV. MH. CHILDERHOUSE, North
E G BEMMELS, Lisbon, N. D.
HIItAM JOHNSON, Montreal.
TWO MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN.
A YOUNG WOMAN.
JOSEPH KBLLHT, I-eavenwnrth,
A diver brolM through th* ice on
(UinUnucd on lag« iir»|
Nation Rises Against Beef Trust
FEW AT MANY
High Prices Cause Drop
in Sales at Cafes and
The Meat Strike
BY PAUL. (iYLLSTROM
Gomlhy, tenderloin and steak;
.Some old cereal I will take.
Goodby, short ribs—pork that's lean;
Me for good old Boston beans.
Goodby, hamburger and roast;
I'll tuke Just plain buttered toast.
'Goodby, lobsters—oysters, too;
Milk and crackers now will do.
Goodby, bacon; goodby, ham;
1 may take a taste of clam.
Goodby, quail and fancy fowl;
On such luxuries I scowl.
Goodby, mutton—goodby, eggs;
Prices now are on lust legs.
Goodby, liver and pigs' feet;
Move along a stack of wheat.
Goorlby, veal that's breaded line;
Also meat pies, but not wine,
Goodby, every kind of chop;
Peas and carrots for my crop.
Goodby, fresh and pickled flsh:
Heap with cabbage high my dish.
We'll eat 'fatfa if in- must,
But the meat trust we will bust.
THAT the meat boycott, the scope
of which now is national, is being
keenly felt in Los Angeles is evi
denaed by the marked falling off In
the sale of meats'at nearly every local
restaurant and cafe. From present in
dications the persons who have under
taken to beat the trusts by boycotting
a staple commodity will not waver
from their purpose.
"I do not think we are selling more
than B0 per cent as much meat as we
did a week ago today," said a restau
rant keeper whose prices cater to the
laboring classes. "Although we have
increased our prices somewhat during
the past few months, no changes have
been made within the past week. It
Is not tho few extra cents to which my
customers object as much as being
held up by a meat trust."
Nearly every restaurant man tells
the same story. Eggs and vegetables
are more in demand than ever before,
and should the pressure be continue!
it is believed the prices on all kinds of
meat will drop several points before
the end of the week."
Big Cafes Not Affected
At tho higher priced cafes and grills,
however, the effect of the meat boycott
Is scarcely felt. The Angelus and Alex
andria grills and the Bristol, Levy's
and Other cafes report no falling off in
the sale of meats. The higher priced
restaurants have not raised prices
within the past week, and probably
will make no changes for some time.
Arrangements have been completed
by tho Central Labor council for
Wednesday night's meeting-, and it is
believed that a large vote will be polled
by those present in favor of abstaining
from meat for at least thirty days.
That this will seriously affect tho Los
Angeles trade and that pressure will
be bought to bear upon the whole
salers and packers by the retail deal
ers is admitted. Just how serious and
far reaching the effects will bo. no one
cares to say.
INCREASED FISH RUN
Beach Cities Have Abundance of
Substitute for Trust.Controlled
Product —All Hands Declare
They Will Abstain
[Special to The Herald. 1
OCEAN PARK, Jan. 23.—A well de
fined movement toward boycotting tho
meat business made itself felt on the
beach today. A local newspaper ad
vises its readers to abstain from eat
ing meat for thirty days in the effort
to bring the butchers and packers to
time. On all hands declarations of in
tention to quit eating flesh until tho
prices are lower are heard, and almost
in a day the homely salutation, "How
do you do?" has been replaced by
"Have you stopped eating meat?"'
The entire supply of meat for the
beach cities comes from the large deal
ers and packers' agencies at Los An
geles. The prices here are at present
several cents higher than in the city,'
said to be duo to transportation
charges. At the retail price quoted
today ordinary bacon was selling at
i 8 cents per pound, 7 cents higher than
at Los Angeles. The prices quoted for
other kinds of meat are in proportion.
There are not more than a half
dozen meat shops on the entire bench.
The proprietors of these shops declare
they are helpless to reduce their prices,
I>< cause in such case they will be com
pelled to quit business. They claim
they are entirely at the mercy of the
Seemingly, as if sent by Providence
in time of need, the run of fish in
these waters is considered unprecedent
ed at this season. Tons of flsh have
been caught by local fishermen in the
past twenty-four hours, and tho nu
merous piers of the beach cities were
lined today with hundreds of people
fishing to supply family larders and tho
Many persons have taken up a flsh
diet in preference to flesh of the warm
blooded animals, and they announce
they will continue it indefinitely. Bar
racuda and yellowtall are the chief
species of tish oanght in the nuts of the
2000 WORKMEN SIGN PLEDGE
MORGANTOWN, W. Va., Jan. .23.—
Two thousand employes of-f our glass
factories and of. the American Sheet
and : Tin Plate company today signed
a pledge to abstain from eating meat
fur sixty days. '$g£MHM
[ tfrOGbEN Jj£&OCrJ2%
J. Ogden Armour' Asserts That Cd
operation Is an Aid Rather
Than Evil to the
CHICAGO, Jan. 23.- With the heads
of all big packing houses gathered
here, and attorneys arrayed on each
side, the government's investigation of
the dressed meat industry is expected
to be ready for action when the fed
eral grand jury convenes tomorrow.
Whether the price of meat is artifi
cially kept high is to be the contention
of the coming battle.
Subpoenas have been prepared to
bring before the luiy witnesses from
all departments of the parking house
The packers are ready for combat.
"All I've got to say," said J. Ogden
Armour, "is that such co-operation as
may exist among packers is a benefit
to the public rather than the reverse."
Three lines of action have been out
lined. These are:
Criminal prosecution for alleged vio
lation of the anti-trust law.
Civil action for the dissolution of the
National Packing company.
Contempt proceedings for alleged
violation of Judge Grosscup's injunc
tion restraining packers from fixing
prices in restraint of trade.
Practically all tho evidence gathered
by the government in a previous in
vestigation, it is said, has been aban
doned and entirely new data will be
LIBERAL CLUB ASKS
Local Organization Adopts a Reso
lution Bearing on Various
Phases of the
The- following resolutions, offered by
Edmund Norton, were passed by the
Liberal club at its weekly meeting last
evening, at Mammoth hall. There were
but two dissenting votes:
Whereas, paragraphs No. 286, '87, '8?,
'83, 90, schedule O. agricultural prod
ucts anil provisions (tariff act of 1909,
known as the Payne-Aldrlch tariff law)
■how meat and meat products to have
restrictive tariff duties ranging from
7.08 per cent to IS.G3 per cent, and.
Whereas, these duties act as a bar
anil restriction to the competition of
Canada, South America, Australia and
other countries in meat and meat prod
ucts With the possible trust combina
tions in the United States, thereby
permitting the said trust combinations
to keep up the prices of meat and meat
products to an exorbitant and prohib
itive point, be it, and it is hereby
Resolved, that we petition the presi
dent of the United States, and both
houses of the congress of the United
States, that the said president shall, as
soon as possible, Issue an executive or
der, backed up by a concurrent reso
lution of both houses of congress, that
the first mentioned restrictive para
graphs of the said Fayne-Aklrich law
shall be indefinitely suspended and the
ports of the United States be thrown
open to the free entry of the meats
and meat products of the whole world,
to the end that in so far as the tariff
protects the criminal and unlawful
combinations of the trusts in food
products, that this protection, which
acts as an associate helper in their
crimes, may be removed; and be it,
and it is hereby
Resolved, that a copy of these reso
lutions be sent to the president of the
United States, to the oongMM of the
United States, and to all public and
civic bodies of the country reachable,
with an earnest request that they fur
ther the objects herein set forth, and
co-operate with the country at large
in its efforts to restrict the dangerous
power that is robbing the nation of its
substance, and further
Resolved, that the resolution also
apply to paragraphs 270-71-72-73 of
same bill, which placM tariffs ranging
from 6.2f> per cent to 30.05 per cent on
lish and tish products that come in
competition with meat trust products.
olved, thai we send these resolu
tlom to the press and civic bodies of
Ijos Angeles und elsewhere.
SINGLE COPIES: S^^'W^
Revolutions Have Been
Started by Less Provo
cation, Says Senator
[Special to The Herald.]
/NHICAGO, Jan. 23.—Fully awakened
! . to the crisis which confronts them.
and demanding release from the
thralldom of trust prices which have
made living all out of proportion to the
net results of their labors, wage earners
all over the country continued their
protests today against the meat trust
and its exorbtant charges for the bare
of life. From all over the
country the cry of "down with the
trust" came, and in nearly every city
throughout the length and breadth of
the land clubs and associations de
clared a boycott on meats until some
thing to change present conditions is
Reformers and champions of the com
mon good have taken up the cry, and
tonight legislation is being urged in
many different states as an offset
to the grasping concerns which control
the price of meats.
"Revolutions have been started by
less than the American people are suf
fering now," says Senator Joseph L.
Bristow of Kansas. "Meat foots up to
a quarter of the average househould ex
penses, and it ought to be cheaper to
day Instead of dearer than it was
twenty-five years ago, by greater
economy in its preparation and sale.
When I was a boy 25 per cent of the
carcass went to waste. Now nothing
goes to waste —not even the blood."
West Is Aroused
Senator Bristow's words crystallize
the sentiment of protest in ail part of
the country against the higher cost of
living. Thus far the movement, which
first took form in actual boycott at
Cleveland, has met with most success
in the west. The east has been slower
to follow, influenced, perhaps, by a
widespread feeling among small deal
ers, and in the labor unions, that a
universal boycott, though effective as
a protest, would actualy play into the
hands of the packers who, with their
control of cold storage houses and re
frigerator lines, could carry their
product through a prolonged boycott,
though a 30-day cessation of trade
would put the small independents out
Against public clamor, packers reply
that high prices for meats are at
tributable to high prices of corn, and
advocate that the poor be educated to
eat cheaper cuts.
"These cuts are just as good and more
wholesome if properly cooked," says
Harold Swift of Swift & Co. "Prices
are high, but there is every indication
that they will go higher."
Actual consumption of meat Is re
ported by retail dealers everywhere to
have dropped sharply.
"LIVING TOO EASY"
IS RIPLEY'S REPLY
President of Santa Fe Blames Gen.
eral Extravagance, Increase
in Wages and Too Much
Money for Trouble
[Special to Tho Herald.]
SANTA BARBARA, Jan. 23.—Tho
extravagance of the American people,
the general increase in wages and tliu
rapid increase in the amount of money
in circulation are the causes for the
present industrial commotion as out
lined by President E. P. Ripley of the
Santa Fe railroad at his home here to
day. As usual, President Ripley is
passing tho winter months here with
his family. When seen today he gave
his views in regard to the increased
cost of living and the extensive strike
against the use of meat as follows:
"That is a question on which econ
omists do not agree. I don't pretend to
be any wiser on the subject than any
one else, but as it appears to me there
are three causes that are closely re
lated, and all are parts of a circle.
You can begin anywhere in that circle.
The causes are, first, the extravagance
of the American people; second, the
general Increase in wages during the
past ten years, and third, the rapid
increase in the amount of money in cir
culation, with J400.000.000 in gold being
added to the world's wealth each year.
y Starts at Wages
"Suppose we begin with the increase
In wages, although you could just as
well begin at any other point in the
circle. This increase has affected all
classes of labor, and as the cost of
labor is a factor in fixing the price of
every article that we buy, it has oper
ated to increase the cost of living for
every one, including the wage earner,
This increase is due partly to natural
causes—the scarcity of labor, for in
stance, partly to combinations among
wage earners, and partly to the fact
that there is more money in circula
"For the wage earners themselves
this increase partly offsets the higher
cost of the necessities of life. There
fore thoso who E_ffer most are men
with fixed salaries or those whose in
come is derived from revenues which
have not increased in proportion to
the cost of living.
"But the paramount cause is the ex
travagance of the people. We live bet
ter in this country than in any other
country of tho world. The waste of an
American family would support many
a European family. This is a land of
great wealth, and it has been developed
In excess of the needs of tho people.
Some day we must call a halt and
learn to live more economically, and it
looks as though that time may have
Blames the Telephone
"Americans don't know how to econ
omize. Nine families out of ten In this
town never go to the gioccry or
meat market. They .stay at boms ami
. .(Continued on" I**** Ta»l , .
Irish Party to Have Bal
ance of Power in the
House of Commons
POPULAR VOTE TIED
Two Big Factions Each Se
cure 218 Seats —Situa-
T" ONDON, Jan. 23.—Never In tho re»-
LONDON, Jan. the Never politician
ollection of the oldest politician
-*-■ have the British parties been 'In p
such a perplexing position as they are i
So evenly divided will be the mem
bership of the next house of commons
and so close Is the popular vote that
the result of the elections for all prac- .
tical purposes may bo considered a tie.
No human mind can divine which of
the questions before the electors had.
the most influence at the polls, :or
whether the results mean the people
demand tariff reform, are loyal to the
lords, anxious to reject , Chancellor
Lloyd-George's budget, or whether all :
three of these had an equal effect. ',
Under these ■ circumstances , neither I
party wants the responsibility of the
attempt to legislate, and since a divis
ion must be close the Unionists. are bet- ?,.
ter staisfled to be in opposition than
to have won by a small majority.
Mr. Balfour's speeches show plainly
that, with existing conditions, he is
glad not to have control of the gov
ernment. Premier Asquith would be
equally pleased to escape the perils of
piloting the party through the troubled
waters. There are precedents for him
to ask the king to summon another
leader to form the cabinet, but no one
expects him to haul down his flag. 1
Another Election Predicted:'
, All prophets predict the new cabinet /
will find itself in the minority within a
year and that the country will plunge V
into another general election. '■
The remarkable figures recorded ;atV
this stage of the balloting foreshadow
clearly how nearly equal both'tho pop
ular vote and the membership of the
house of commons will be divided be-
tween ' the two -,"-.. great factions, ;■ The 7
popular vote stands: ;r
Uni0ni5t5,'2,565,627; Liberals, 2,324,- '
315; Laborites, 395,115. -,S.,»v<«-"r •-*■■■::: *$££:
This gives the united Liberal-Labor.'
party a majority of 153,803 in a total
vote of 5,285,157.
Today the membership of the house
of commons is a tie, the Unionists and
the combined Liberals and Labor par
ty each having elected 218 representa
One hundred and sixty-seven seats
remain to be filled, of which 1102 are
English. In the last parliament these,
were: Unionists, 36; Liberals, 115; Na
Should the present trend of voting .
continue, neither the Unionists non •
the Liberals can muster a majority
of more than a dozen, and the Irish. •
Nationalists, with S3 | votes, ' will jbe .
masters of the situation. .
Peers and Irish. Will Dominate,,
The peers and the Irish' will be the
dominating forces of the '■ next parlia- ■
-mentis./ . '-.„■.:. .."'.. ... ■
; ■ -rtseijrfer Asquith" has two battles .to ,'
fight—to' reform the lords and to pass I
the budget "which failed and the budget I
for the coming ; sar. The prospect is I
that both the peers "and' the Nation
alists will vote for the budgets. .■>■
The house of lords can be ; reformed, ;
only by a bill which the • lords must
swallow. They may deny ' that - the '
country has given a mandate.for this."=j-
The Unionists insist; the elections have
not proved the country desires -a. I
change in the historic, status of the ,
upper house. They argue a | bare ma
jority is not enough. No country with
a written constitution, such as ■ the -
United States, they point out, can
make such changes by a mere * ma- 'i
jority. » ---,-: -.?■;-.■
I The position of the Nationalists jis
unique. With them, all questions are :
subservient to homo rule. Tariff . re- i
formers claim the Irish are all pro-; 5
tectionists, if they could vote that is- ,
sue without complications. National-
ists in the ' last parliament' declared ■
; am ;t the budget principally because
they were opposed to increased whisky,
taxes, but they would probably help ■
it through the next house as a measure ':.
of political strategy.
Home rule is not likely to get far ;*
next session, according to well versed;
politicians, because the reform of - the !
house of lords, which the prime minis-.,'
ter has written at the head of his
program, promises a great struggle. .
Redmond Big Factor
John Redmond, leader of the Irish';?
Nationalists, will be almost as im- ■
portant as the - premier, because ' Mr. /
Asquith can do nothing without him.
The Conservatives believe the older ■
wing of the Liberal party, represented .•
by Premier Asquith, War • Secretary >■
Haldane and Foreign Secretary Gray, •
now repent having permitted radicals I
like David Lloyd-George and Winston I
Spencer Churchill, to commit the party
to a budget that is so far on the road ;;
to what their opponents term Socialism.
Liberals claim their enemies ; are
trembling in their ' boots lest they find
the government on their hands, .with"
the necessity of raising revenues. for
old age pensions and a larger; navy, i.
and at the same time; attempting to
adopt protection. '■■•■■'■ '•'■' ',-.c:
The surprise of the r campaign i has
been that.the manufacturing. centers,
with a few exceptions,: have gone for " r
free trade,., while the squirearchies '
shifted to the protection party.
Bitter Struggle Expected •:
The Conservatives are convinced this i
campaign is • the first milestone >in> a v
bitter struggle in which history will re
peat itself, and: in which ! their' party
will return to power by gradual , steps,
as It has in the past whenever disas
trously overthrown—a' - struggle '■■ that *,
will firmly establish imperialism j and
protection. ■ ->'■ v -.. -'.' ■ . :'
That the struggle is bitter, oven now/.;
there s ls* no question. The ? one-time :
chivalrous-atmosphere of British poll-V
tlc» has been wonderfully,changed.,-So■■'.
much ? personal:; feeling <■ and,-, so many, -;'
.(Continued oh I'Kga ' Twelve^ ,
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