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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVERY MORNING. BY TUG II KRAI.I) CO. lIIOMAS E. GIBBON rresldent FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor THOMAS J. GOWJING. . .Business Manager DAVID G. BAIUJLE .Associate Editor Entered a* second-class matter at the postoSlce in Los Angeles. OLDEST MORNING PATH* Ul LOS ANUELKS. rounded Oct. 2, 1813. Tlilrty-sUth year. Chamber at Commerce building. Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratic newspaper In South, crn California receiving full Associated Press reports. _^—. NEWS —Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25,000 words a day. - BATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mail or carrier, a m0nth. ....» .40 Dally, by mali or carrier, three months. l.2o Dally, by mail or carrier, six months. ..2.J» Dally, by mail or carrier, one year 4.50 Sunday Herald, one year.. ......J.OO Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. ____ THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND — Lot Angeles »nd Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the news stand* in the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file 0' The los Angeles Heral 1 can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. S. and J. Hardy * Co.. 30, 11 and 3? Fleet street, London. England, free of charge, and that firm will be giad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements en oor *-^t I __^ On a!', matters pertaining to advertising »d'j:-— Ciir:— S. C^te^ advert!'!"* man ager. . Population c: Los Angeles 327,635 CLEAR. CRISP AND CLEAN AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM—Dark. MASON—"Vasta Herne." IIUIUIANK —"The Crisis." BELASCO"The Spendthrift." MAJESTIC —"An American Lord." ORFHEUM—Vaudeville. —"Woodland." X.OS ANGELESVaudeville. OLYMPIC —Musical burlesoue. I"IS( —Musical burlesque. WALKER —Melodrama. . „ UNIQUE—Melodrama. AMERICANS GOUGED MANY instances of the manner in which commercial and tariff con ditions militate against the American people rould bo given. There seems to be a general impression the American nation is an easy mark and that long familiarity with prices for necessities steeper than those paid by any other nation in the world (and this itMpneM by a strange confusion of ideas has been called prosperity) has prepared the Americans to be docile victims o£ any imposition to which they may be subjected. "Who can marvel at the growing repu tation of the nation for easy-mark qualities when we call to mind, for In stance, the discrimination in favor of the foreigner in the sales of such articles of common use as typewrit ing machines, sewing machines and reapers? These articles, made in America and exported, may be bought jn Europe at prices from 25 to !>0 per cent cheaper than tho purchaser is forced to pay for them under the Amer ican flns which "protects" their manu facturers. Another signal Instance of discrim ination against America is afforded by the leather and shoe trade. It costs more to get hides for North America from Central and South American points than it costs to get them for European points 3000 or 4000 miles more distant than the American points. The Panama railroad, owned ; Tid operated ■by the government, actually discrim inates aguinpt Americans, and the shoes of the American people are subj> to an lncn a«s In price through a policy similar to that which sacrifices the in terests of the American people, espe cially in the notorious instances of the reapers, typewriters and sewing ma chines to which we have referred. Here are some figures and facts bear- Sng on this anomaly: Hides shipped from Central America to New York cost $30 per ton, divided as follow?: Pa cific Coast Steamship company, from Central America to Panama, $12 per ton; Panama railroad to Colon, $8.10 per ton; Panama Steamship company, Colon to New York, $9.90 per ton. Hides shipped from Central America to Kurope cost only $!i4 per ton, as fol lows: Pacific Steamship company, Cen tral America to Panama, $8.40 per ton; ,ma railroad to Colon, $5.60 per ton; Panama Steamship company. Colon to •c, $10 per ton. Result is. an American importer pays the Panama Railroad company, owned and operated by the United States gov ernment, $2.50 per ton more and pays the Pacific Steamship company $3.60 per ton more than the European .Im porter pays. The distance from Colon to New York is 1981 mllet--; from Colon to Liverpool, 4652 iiilW-h; from Colon to Hamburg, 4992 miles. Hides from Guyaquil to Uurope ■ ust $19.20 per ton; from Guya yuil to New York, $22.50 per ton. We hope to see an economic revival in the United Stateg accompanied by such keenly Intelligent discussion that it will be impossible for any "intercut" my-mark any further the masja of American people, reno vm d foi bunlneia sharpness, ghrewdneaa and ity. GREATER LOS ANGELES VOTE for the Increased prosperity .of Greater Los Angeles by voting for consolidation. Hollywood Is a most prosperous and nourishing sub urb, which is entitled to bo received Into the metropolitan district, and to share the advantages offered by Great er Los Angeles, the maritime and com. menial metropolis of the west. Hollywood is a section of which the people of Greater Los Angeles may well he proud. In every detail that makes life worth living Hollywood ex cels. Hollywood has fine streets, well paved; a splendid lighting system, an independent water system, excellent schools and magnificent residences, with sites for thousands more. It has a complete fire department, and in this respect, as in every other, is thoroughly metropolitan. Greater Los Angeles is destined to be the principal city of the west, not only the greatest in respect of population, but the great est in respect of metropolitan equip ment and achievement. In Greater Los Angeles opportunity will be given to human beings to get from life the very best that is to be had. Hollywood will help complete the metropolitan area. It will bring to Los Angeles many gifts, including an intelligent, wide awake, thrifty and thriving population. And to Holly wood the city of Greater Los Angeles will give increased opportunity, and will put it on the square-deal basis of a participant in the ever-increasing prosperity of the f.,e?t metropolitan area in the United States. Consolida tion day is 'a great day for Holly wood." But it Is also a "great day for Los Angeles." Both partners in the new agreement are to be congratulat ed on the new era of greater success than ever before, greater prosperity than ever before, which will come with the vote of the two communities to unite their forces and work together for the common cause, the greatest good for the greatest number of the citizens of big. prosperous, progressive, happy, successful Greater Los Angeles. PROGRESS AND PRIVILEGE WINSTON CHURCHILL reports that Scotland and the north of England are solid for the budget and against the lords. This was to be expected. Scotland and the north of England, where the Scottish influence is strong and the Scottish "burr" affects the speech of the na tives, can always be counted vii to support radical men and radical meas ures. The breezy ridings of Yorkshire, the fells of Cumberland and the moors and troutbecks of Northumberland are conducive to the outdoor life, and the independence of thought resulting from outdoor life makes men radical. This accounts for the radicalism of Scot land, which in the rural and moorland districts is so great that it affects the manufacturing and mining regions, which, be it remembered, are constantly being recruited from the outdoor dis tricts. The school nf the radicals is the moorland, and its professors are shep herds, hunters, and educated farmers of the type of Robert Burns. In the midlands and southern Eng land, which are densely crowded, there is a strong Socialist element, but the Industrialism which makes Socialists is also responsible for a iarge Tory vote. Those of the workers of a past generation who had votes, faithfully cast them for church and squire. To day a large proportion can vote, and the increased vote is often cast for church and squire, for fancied rea sons of self-preservation. Disestablish- meat and the reform or abolition of the house of lords will break the spell, and a concentration of radical inter ests and influences and votes would help prepare the way for larger re forms. EDUCATION ON EVERY hand are signs of the educational growth and prosper ity of Greater Los Angeles. In every department of educational life the activities of Los Angeles are stir ring. Nothing is complete. Much is proposed. Ambition is followed fast by undertaking, and undertaking by success. It is pleasant to see and record the general prosperity of Los Angeles schools, public and private. It is pleasant to realize one of the greatest university centers of the west is looking forward to an expansion of university scope ami facilities that will put it in fair way of becoming the principal university center of the United States. That is no small am bition. Among the ambitions of Greater Los Angeles it is the loftiest as well as the noblest, and we believe the signs of the times show that in • . • iy department of educational work Greater Los Angeles is going forward so readily, so steadily, that nothing short of the educational supremacy of the United States will be the finality and that will by no means be the end of endeavor. Greater Los Angeles, car rying the responsibility o£ educational supremacy IN the United States, will further the educational supremacy OF the United States; and our city, the Athens of the west, will attract young men and maidens and be a shining light virginlbus pueriaque as lon» as the land shall live. May a speedy re turn to the first principles of Ameri canism teach all people the true secret of its success, and assure long life and triumphant prosperity to the republic. Only overconfldence leading to neglect of duty COO Impart] the. .avise of Greut er Los Angeles today. Don't let your confidence keep you from doing your duty. Let today's election give tlio world another example . "i' the metropolis making activity that is one of the char acteristics of tho Los Angeles way.' LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, JANTJAftY 24, 1010. Says He Will Hang On, but Can He ? ____^ —Philadelphia Tlrconl. WOOL BY the general increase of prices caused by the bungling and arbi trary economic system tolerated by the people of the United States, food and clothing are affected. Com plaint is made the cost of living is going up. This means a man's wag* j will not buy as much food for his family as the same wage could buy in former years. The price of clothing Is also greater than formerly, and the increased price of clothes is causing trouble 'and suffering in the east. One of the most odious of the tariff schedules is that which compels the public to pay a toll for the protection of wool growers and another toll for the maintenance of a monopoly for the benefit of a few specially privileged woolen manufacturers. The wool schedule is productive of an amazing crop of evils, which are not less evil because some of them are ludicrous. Richard Washburn Child picks out a few modern in stances illustrating the follies of the wool schedule: "A case was taken to the courts because the wool duty had been a» sessed on sets of furniture which had chair coverings made of cloth that contained wool. The assessment was made on every pound-weight of the furniture." A pair of wool-lined rubber boots may be taxed by the pound as if wholly made of wool. A man from Boston "bought some scrap rubber In Canada, which he supposed was classified under the free list. He got as far as Rouse Point in New York on the way into the United States, and then the customs officials valued his material at $400 and assessed him $1600 In duties! His rubber scrap, containing some wool fiber, was charged by the pound under the wool waste clause of the tariff schedule! A manufacturer of paper, importing for paper stock cotton rags in which shreds of wool were found, was as sessed as if the whole consignment came under the wool rates. Cloth made entirely of cotton, except for wool polltadots glued to the fabric, Is regarded under the cotton schedule as all-wool, and is taxed by the lying definition and not by its true quality. Mottoes such as "God Bless Our Home," worked in yarn or worsted, are weighed by the pound at the cus tom house and charged duty to com pensate the American manufacturer of cloth. And UNDER TREASURY DECIS ION 12,665, CORN PLASTERS ARE HELD TO BE WEARING AP PAREL! One mark d peculiarity of greed is its irrational blindness to absurdity. FAMILY FICTION ONE of our most popular fiction writers has invented a method of prolonging interest which sug gests great possibilities. He - made a hit with a book which was entitled (not exactly) "The Sea Rover." Now he announces "The Son of the Sea Rover." Fine business. A few years hence we may expect "The Grandson of the Sea Rover." Then, while pub lic interest is still keen, "The Great- Grandson of the Sea Rover" will make his appearance. As further prolonga tion of the direct family tree may be perilous, the author will be advised by his publishers to branch out. So he may give an admiring world the story of the adventures of "The Sis ter of the Sea Rover." Then he will spin us a nice, best- Hilling yarn about "The Wife of the Sea Rover." But the climax of the series will be the last, and the- ills tinguished author will expend energy and gray matter In constructing, the most remarkable of his series of tri umphs, "The Mother-ln-Luw of the Sea Hover." • • :!'affl^^^gs CITIZENS' TRAINING PROFESSOR FAIRLIE of the Uni versity of Michigan, in an essay on administrative government, writes: "Even in the states of the mid dle west nearly nne-sixth of the public high schools give no work in civil gov | ernment, while in other parts of the country the proportion of secondary schools where the subject is wholly ne glected is much larger—from one-fourth in the North Atlantic and far western states to one-half in the South Atlantic group." Governmental and historical studies are of especial importance in the United States, and .such studies will stimulate patriotism and produce excellent re sults. Many Immigrants enter the United States without training in American ism. Even when they become natur alized their knowledge of American history and political science is super ficial. What they learn they learn by expe rience. Government some day will call a halt on this preposterous and gro tesque method of adding to the popu lation. But the halt won't be called by arbitrary or tyrannical methods. The necessity for training schools in which candidates for citizenship may be instructed carefully by competent teachers is obvious and cannot with safety to our institutions be ignored much longer. A dispatch from Detroit says: "While commodities of all sorts, must of which are heavily protected, have become more and more expensive on this side of the river, in Windsor, just across the river in Canada, the cost of living has not yet departed far from the normal. It is 25 per cent cheaper to live in Can ada than in the United States and the salaries paid in the United States are not bigger than those paid in Canada. A pretty how d'ye do! What is prosperity, anyway? Major McKinley used to say it consisted chief ly In a full dinner pail. But If It costs twice as much to fill a dinner pail as it did a few years ago, and the wage earner receives less than he formerly received, is it still correct to talk of the "prosperity" of salaried workers? What of the future? Greater Los Angeles expects every citizen this day to do his duty. Vote for consolidation and remind your friends it is their duty and their priv ilege to help the cause of the biggest and best of all western cities, Greater Los Angeles. When Hollywood joins forces with Greater Los Angeles the communities united in the community of Greater Los Angeles will be by far the most influen tial and most prosperous metropolitan power in the west. Promote the cause of art in Greater Loa Angeles by abolishing the billboard nuisance. Improvement associations should make the movement for the abo lition of billboards an aggressive, act ive campaign. When the billboard* cease from trou bling. Greater Los Angeles will be ar tistically at rest. At present the bill boards have a jarring and disturbing influence. They are breaches of the peace. John D. Rockefeller wants to run for CongreM. Apparently he thinks his hired men there are not doing their best for the prosperity of the Ollygarchy. Have you done your duty? That Is to say, have you voted for consolida tion? He who helps the cause of Great er Los Angeles helps himself. Consolidation means prosperity.. Vote for prosperity Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intended for publication must be accompanied by the name and addre»ti of the writer. Tile M' ' nil gives tbe widest latitude to correspondent*, but assumes no responsibility for their viewm FURTHER INTERPRETATION GIVEN TO BIBLICAL VERSE LOS ANGELES, Jan. 19.—[Editor Herald]: In explaining- Matt, xxiv, 34, in the Letter Box of January 14 J. R. Kitts says: "This generation em braces the period of time from the ministry of Christ to the end of the Gentile age and is the third generation in which the sins of the fathers are visited upon the children, even unto the fourth yet to come, which will re turn to the mighty God of Jacob," and so be saved. The quotations he puts forth to sub stantiate this explanation are slipshod and wobbly, and will not bear close inspection. Even were that not the case, the explanation itself does not comply with the terms of the prophecy. What about the judgment day, when the Son of Man shall come witli his angels to judge the quick and the dead, every man according to his works, separating the sheep from the goats, etc.? Has J. R. K. dispensed with it altogether, or merely put it off till the "fourth generation" has had its innings? Either way would be fatal to the prophecy, which says It will come bofore the end of what Mr. K. calls the "third generation." Now, about the slipshod quotations. You notice he makes a radical dis tinction between the third generation (wicked) and the fourth (righteous). But the commandment simply says "unto the third and fourth genera tions of them that hate me," making no distinction between them. He refers to Gen. xv, 16, which is n promise of God to Abraham that his descendants of the fourth generation should return from Egypt, and has no connection with the second coming of Christ except in the imagination of Mr. Kitts, which, it may be remarked In all good humor, seems to be an ex tremely fertile one, but suffering somewhat from overcultlvation. True, it is possible to give that passage a symbolical interpretation as well, but the same, can be said of almost any thing (Song of Solomon, for Instance). A man doesn't necessarily own every hat that can be made to fit him. He says: "The fourth generation to return in substance to the mighty God of Jacob." But Isaiah x, m-L'X merely says that a "remnant" of the Israel ites shall be saved in the final judg ment by reason of their turning from idolatry to the mighty God of Jacob. The "fourth generation" part has been dragged in by the heels. If "generation" doesn't mean genera tion, how does Mr. Kitts explain Matt, xvi. 27, 28: "For the Son of Man shall ■ ome with his angels and then he shall reward every man according to his worki. Verily there be some Btandlng here which shall not taste of death till they Bee the Son of Man coming in his kingdom"? THOMAS. EXTENSION OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS SHOULD CEASE LOS ANGELES, Jan. 22.—[Editor HcraldJ: Real and Imminent danger to the. residence districts of our city should arouse and unite our citizens to protect ttlepiMlvei against the I and shortsightedness of Hie Southern Pacific company and selfish interests that care more for dirty dol lars than for the rights of the com mon people, whom they contemptuous ly regard as "small fry" and try to exploit in "ways that are dark" and tricks that aro mean. It Is rank in justice for uny one to try to sell his property by peeking to have an indus trial district established that will vio late the "vested rights" of the owners of little cottages and humble homes for which they htive made or are mak ing great sacrifices. There is abundance of room in this city for all worthy industrial enter prises, especially along the steam rail ways and "shoestring Btiip" and In Wilmington and .San Pedro, whore they can have, the lowest freight rates. Hut we now have an Industrial district that is too large and a real dancer to neighboring residence districts Tinless the city Ccninttl will at c.nc<> establish a (mailer FACTORY district, us the executive committee of the Voters' league recommends. We must protest ngalnst hasty or unwise additions to the Industrial district until such an The English Elections 10—The Lioyd=Qeorge Budget Frederic J. Haskin HONDON.— This revolutionary tion campaign, Involving the fato of the. linn lords and the character of the British constitution, is the result of several radical innovations in the methods of taxa tion In Crcnt Britain as provided for in the budget introduced in the house o;' commons on April L' 9 last. It is commonly known as the Lloyd-George budget, talcing the name of the chan ci llor of tin' exchequer, who prepared and submitted it. in the campaign the Tories called it the ■■Socialistic budget" and the Radicals boasted of it as "the peoples budget." it contained many new and progressive features, such as B bureau of employment, a housing and town-planning measure and other provisions for social reform. But the chief feature, and the one which caused its rejection by the house of lords, was the proposition to put a tax on land. That was denounced as So clallsm and robbery, and it caused the lords and the landlords to precipitate this great political battle. In the United States, where the tax on land is a generally accepted and never questioned method of obtaining revenues by and for the, several states, this issue Is difficult to understand, in the first place, England has never taxed land. The revenue derived from real estate is known as "the rates," and is calculated at so much per cent on the rent produced by leasing the land. If the land is not rented no tax. s arc paid, in every case the lessee in- tenant, and never the owner, pays the rates. This system was ar ranged by the peers, who are the principal land owners, 218 years ago, when they exchanged to King William this money revenue, to be paid by their tenants, in lieu of all service, tenures and levies of soldiers due to the crown from the peers under the remaining rules of the feudal system. Now cornea Mr. Lloyd-George with a scheme for the taxation of land values. It is a complicated affair, which at first could produce but little revenue, but it was looked upon as an entering wedge. Tile principal proposals of the budget with respect to land values are threefold: The increment duty, the reversion duty and the undeveloped land duty. Tho first provides that in tho future the increase in the value of land due to the efforts of society as a whole, and in nowise to the industry or ingenuity of the owner, shall be re garded us unearned increment, and that 20 per cent, or one-fifth, of such increase shall be paid to the treasury. KxceptionH to this rule omit all purely agricultural land, all land worth less than $250 ctn acre, all prop erty occupied by the owner as a home and many other detailed exemptions. The first 10 per cent Increment is also exempted. The amount of the un earned increment is to be determined by commiaaJDners, who will take the total value of the land at tho general UUHmeßt to bo made at once under the budget, and from that they will deduct the value of all improvements added by the owner or lessee, the value added by advertising or by other ef fort of the owner, and the 10 per cent exemption. Of the remainder one-fifth would be the tax due. This tax is to be paid when the land is sold or when it changes hands by reason of the death of the owner. In case it is owned by a corporation not liable to death duties then tho tax is to be paid In 1914 and in each seventh year there after. The second feature, the reversion duty, is a tax of 10 per cent upon the value of the benefit accruing to land owners at the expiration of leases of longer than twenty-one years' dura tion from improvements made by the lessees. In England, where nearly all improvements are made upon leased land, it is not unusual for a land own er, by the expiration of a lease, to be come possessed of valuable buildings nnd other improvements for which he was in no way responsible. The gov ernment wants 10 per cent of the in creaso in the value of his property thus created. The third feature Is the tax on unde veloped land—a. direct tax of a half penny in the pound, a trifle over 2 per cent, payable annually, the land to bo reassessed every five years. This at tacks those owners who keep land idle waiting for the community to Increase its value, and, horror of horrors, it pro poses a tax on the game preserves! Important as are these innovations to the English people, they pale into in significance when contrasted with th« machinery provided for the purpose of enforcing them. The landowners and the lords were not so much frightened at these taxes, for they are very light, as they were by the provision for the assessment and valuation of the land of the kingdom. • • • The last land assessment in England was made by William the Conqueror immediately after his conquest of Eng land In 1066. The records were then compiled in the Doomsday Book, and that has stood for 844 years as the only land survey in England. In the United States, where land assessments are made at frequent intervals and where. ordinance as the Voters'' league rec ommends is enacted. For the establishment of a small in dustrial district near Agricultural park, which the late unlamented coun cil revoked within six weeks, will make the residents near there lose $75,000 or $100,000, because they are forced to buy this property at an increased valua tion In order properly to improve that beautiful section of the city. Hence, after very careful considera tion of this problem during the hist five .months, and after several con sultations with the mayor, the secre tary of the Voters' league hns submit ted to the council's legislative com mittee a few suggestions which are in harmony with a petition that the executive committee of the league will present to the council next Tuesday. J. B. IRVINE. DEMANDS GREATER CARE IN HANDLING OF BREAD LOS ANGELES, Jan. 18.—[Editor Herald}: There is much discussion and agitation at the present time on the pure-food question, which, like charity and many other things, should begin at home. Among the few things that women may be able to control, the sanitary condition of the food delivered to us which we are obliged to consume should have our first consideration. , One of our very popular orators, in order to make his audience sit up and take notice, often says, "Now, listen; I am going to tell you something." And he does tell them many things. ' In like manner I wish to call the attention of the housekeepers in our city, who are interested in pure food, and tell them what I have observed in regard to the unclean handling of the bread that we use and feed our little ones, filling their systems with dangerous geTns from which they must some time suffer. y* One. delivery • man, not ■ having '». a basket,'carried the bread on his arm piled no' high that it cum In .contact with his .much-soiled coat collar. An- in most of tho states, the land survey is kept continually running, this pro posal for an assessment may not seem to be a terrible thing. But hero tha landlords, especially the peers who hold . the great estates, regard such a survey as a most dangerous approach to So cialism. Their fears are not altogether without foundation, for there is a considerable party in England which favors the na tionalization of all the land. The Lloyd-George scheme of taxation, al though now very light, would yield, as' the Chancellor says, a constantly in creasing revenue, and would make the ownership of unimproved land and of large quantities of land increasingly burdensome. In other words, the bud get proposes a land tax based upon the theory of the single tax, as expounded by Henry George. The charge made by the Conserva tives that this is the single tax and that it Is inspired by Henry George, and that it alma at the breaking up of. large holdings, is not denied by the Liberals. Many Liberal candidates for parliament have boldly proclaimed their faith in Henry George and the doctrine that the land ought to bo owned by the nation. All of them declare that a tax on improvements and industry is wrong and that a tax on the idler who does nothing to improve his property but waits for the community to add to its value and to his wealth is right. * • • Next to the posters the most remark able feature of the campaign is the uni versal singing by Liberals of "The Land Song." It is Ret to the stirring air of "Marching Through Georgia," and part of it is: Sound a blast for freedom, boys, and send it far and wide! March along to victory, for God is on our side; Whilo tho voice of nature thunders o'er the rising tide— "God made the land for the people!" The land! The land! ''Twas God who gave.the land! The landl The land! Tho ground on which we stand! 'Why should we be beggars with the ballot in our hand? "God gave the land to the people!" This song was distributed in sheet music form, and every copy bore on the back a . portrait of an American- Henry George, the single taxer. ' • • • The opposition all through the cam paign worked to divert attention from the land question and the budget by attacking the Liberal policy on the navy by predicting war with Germany, and by offering tariff reform as a means of getting revenue and protec tion as a means of making jobs for the unemployed. This led to the Liberal retort that the peers wanted to tax tho poor man's loaf instead of their own land. Some of the landlords were unwise enough to declare that the new land taxes were so onerous that they must cut off their subscriptions to charities and the like. This, course of action was condemned even by the Tory leaders. Another feature of the budget which had a powerful effect in the campaign, although before the election results are all in no one can estimate how much, are the new taxes on the liquor trade. The budget provided for heavy in creases in liquor taxes, especially on the brewers. This forced a partner ship of the peerage and the "beerage," and was productive of much of the scandal which disgraced the conduct of. the campaign. . * a • a Lloyd-George and other leaders of his ilk, who are working strenuously for social reform, are inclined to be severe on the liquor traffic as it is carried on in this country. There is nothing ap proaching the prohibition movement as it is known in parts of the United States, but there is a distinct public opinion of higher license and more strict regulations. One of the latter is that children under 14 shall not be per mitted in public houses. This regula tion has created a very furore of pro test in some quarters, and no doubt lost many votes for tho Liberals. The budget did not contain an education bill, such as was passed by the Liberal house and rejected by the lords, but it hinted at a system of schools which would be free, from the control of the Established Church. This brought many churchmen Into the fight. The result of the Lloyd-George bud get was, first, the dissolution of the. parliament by the action of the lords; second, the arraying of the kingdom into two political camps— composed of the peers, the landowners, the churchmen, the liquor trade, and those Conservatives who fpar the red flag of Socialism; the other containing tha Liberals, the "Progressives," the Social ists and the Laborites. This division of the people is in more or less per manent form, and upon the parliament now chosen rests the burden of choos ing between land taxation and tariff reform—in either case a radical de- " parture from the accepted fiscal policy of Great Britain. Tomorrow—The English Election!. IV— The Heckling "Voice." other used a basket filled so full that the bread was forced against his un clean clothing-. Could this be worse? Yes. Listen. Not long ago I made an early morning call at a grocery. It was not open, and while I waited the bread for the day was delivered. The door being closed and the box without a cover, the man simply turned the box over against it to protect the broad from the dog's. The grocer came, turned up the box, leaving half the bread on the filthy door step, put it In the show case, and some of it reached your table, but not mine. Oh, no; for I swore off, right there and then, never again to buy a loaf of bread without Its being wrapped before leaving the bakery. The attention of the proper authori ties has been called to these conditions, but without avail. Let us wake up, sister housewives, and pass a pure-bread ordinance of our own, and stand by it. Hy so dolns wo will soon have the honor of cornering? the bread market. Who is with me In this? OBSERVER. PROTESTS AGAINST PROPOSED SOUTH PARK ENLARGEMENT LOS ANGELES, Jan. 21.—[Editor Herald]: The proposed enlargement of South park is not suggested because the park is now too small. The agita tion was started several years ago, when there could possibly have been no public necessity or demand for such enlargement, and Is being renewed by opposing real estate interests. To com pel the public to pay for the gamble strikes ■ Rood many in this section as politics of a very low order. If the new administration, which is supposed to be above listening to grafters, has bean convinced that ttii? section needs more park ipace, let it select a spot ;it least a mile distant from South park. Numer ous small parks am desirable and cost less. R. C. SCHULTZ.