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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, January 24, 1910, Image 4

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Los Angeles Herald
ISSUED EVERY MORNING. BY
TUG II KRAI.I) CO.
lIIOMAS E. GIBBON rresldent
FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor
THOMAS J. GOWJING. . .Business Manager
DAVID G. BAIUJLE .Associate Editor
Entered a* second-class matter at the
postoSlce in Los Angeles.
OLDEST MORNING PATH* Ul
LOS ANUELKS.
rounded Oct. 2, 1813. Tlilrty-sUth year.
Chamber at Commerce building.
Phones: Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211.
The only Democratic newspaper In South,
crn California receiving full Associated Press
reports. _^—.
NEWS —Member of the Asso
ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver
aging 25,000 words a day. -
BATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN
DAY MAGAZINE:
Dally, by mail or carrier, a m0nth. ....» .40
Dally, by mali or carrier, three months. l.2o
Dally, by mail or carrier, six months. ..2.J»
Dally, by mail or carrier, one year 4.50
Sunday Herald, one year.. ......J.OO
Postage free In United States and Mexico;
elsewhere postage added. ____
THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND
OAKLAND — Lot Angeles »nd Southern Cali
fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak
land will find The Herald on sale at the
news stand* in the San Francisco ferry
building and on the streets In Oakland by
Wheatley and by Amos News Co.
A file 0' The los Angeles Heral 1 can be
seen at the office of our English represen
tatives. Messrs. S. and J. Hardy * Co.. 30,
11 and 3? Fleet street, London. England, free
of charge, and that firm will be giad to re
ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements
en oor *-^t I __^
On a!', matters pertaining to advertising
»d'j:-— Ciir:— S. C^te^ advert!'!"* man
ager. .
Population c: Los Angeles 327,635
CLEAR. CRISP AND CLEAN
AT THE THEATERS
AUDITORIUM—Dark.
MASON—"Vasta Herne."
IIUIUIANK —"The Crisis."
BELASCO"The Spendthrift."
MAJESTIC —"An American Lord."
ORFHEUM—Vaudeville.
—"Woodland."
X.OS ANGELESVaudeville.
OLYMPIC —Musical burlesoue.
I"IS( —Musical burlesque.
WALKER —Melodrama. . „
UNIQUE—Melodrama.
AMERICANS GOUGED
MANY instances of the manner in
which commercial and tariff con
ditions militate against the
American people rould bo given. There
seems to be a general impression the
American nation is an easy mark and
that long familiarity with prices for
necessities steeper than those paid by
any other nation in the world (and this
itMpneM by a strange confusion of
ideas has been called prosperity) has
prepared the Americans to be docile
victims o£ any imposition to which they
may be subjected.
"Who can marvel at the growing repu
tation of the nation for easy-mark
qualities when we call to mind, for In
stance, the discrimination in favor of
the foreigner in the sales of such
articles of common use as typewrit
ing machines, sewing machines and
reapers? These articles, made in
America and exported, may be bought
jn Europe at prices from 25 to !>0 per
cent cheaper than tho purchaser is
forced to pay for them under the Amer
ican flns which "protects" their manu
facturers.
Another signal Instance of discrim
ination against America is afforded by
the leather and shoe trade. It costs
more to get hides for North America
from Central and South American
points than it costs to get them for
European points 3000 or 4000 miles more
distant than the American points. The
Panama railroad, owned ; Tid operated
■by the government, actually discrim
inates aguinpt Americans, and the shoes
of the American people are subj>
to an lncn a«s In price through a policy
similar to that which sacrifices the in
terests of the American people, espe
cially in the notorious instances of the
reapers, typewriters and sewing ma
chines to which we have referred.
Here are some figures and facts bear-
Sng on this anomaly: Hides shipped
from Central America to New York
cost $30 per ton, divided as follow?: Pa
cific Coast Steamship company, from
Central America to Panama, $12 per
ton; Panama railroad to Colon, $8.10 per
ton; Panama Steamship company,
Colon to New York, $9.90 per ton.
Hides shipped from Central America
to Kurope cost only $!i4 per ton, as fol
lows: Pacific Steamship company, Cen
tral America to Panama, $8.40 per ton;
,ma railroad to Colon, $5.60 per ton;
Panama Steamship company. Colon to
•c, $10 per ton.
Result is. an American importer pays
the Panama Railroad company, owned
and operated by the United States gov
ernment, $2.50 per ton more and pays
the Pacific Steamship company $3.60
per ton more than the European .Im
porter pays.
The distance from Colon to New York
is 1981 mllet--; from Colon to Liverpool,
4652 iiilW-h; from Colon to Hamburg,
4992 miles. Hides from Guyaquil to
Uurope ■ ust $19.20 per ton; from Guya
yuil to New York, $22.50 per ton.
We hope to see an economic revival
in the United Stateg accompanied by
such keenly Intelligent discussion that
it will be impossible for any "intercut"
my-mark any further the masja of
American people, reno vm d foi
bunlneia sharpness, ghrewdneaa and
ity.
GREATER LOS ANGELES
VOTE for the Increased prosperity
.of Greater Los Angeles by voting
for consolidation. Hollywood Is a
most prosperous and nourishing sub
urb, which is entitled to bo received
Into the metropolitan district, and to
share the advantages offered by Great
er Los Angeles, the maritime and com.
menial metropolis of the west.
Hollywood is a section of which the
people of Greater Los Angeles may
well he proud. In every detail that
makes life worth living Hollywood ex
cels.
Hollywood has fine streets, well
paved; a splendid lighting system, an
independent water system, excellent
schools and magnificent residences,
with sites for thousands more. It has
a complete fire department, and in
this respect, as in every other, is
thoroughly metropolitan. Greater Los
Angeles is destined to be the principal
city of the west, not only the greatest
in respect of population, but the great
est in respect of metropolitan equip
ment and achievement. In Greater
Los Angeles opportunity will be given
to human beings to get from life the
very best that is to be had.
Hollywood will help complete the
metropolitan area. It will bring to
Los Angeles many gifts, including an
intelligent, wide awake, thrifty and
thriving population. And to Holly
wood the city of Greater Los Angeles
will give increased opportunity, and
will put it on the square-deal basis
of a participant in the ever-increasing
prosperity of the f.,e?t metropolitan
area in the United States. Consolida
tion day is 'a great day for Holly
wood." But it Is also a "great day for
Los Angeles." Both partners in the
new agreement are to be congratulat
ed on the new era of greater success
than ever before, greater prosperity
than ever before, which will come with
the vote of the two communities to
unite their forces and work together
for the common cause, the greatest
good for the greatest number of the
citizens of big. prosperous, progressive,
happy, successful Greater Los Angeles.
PROGRESS AND PRIVILEGE
WINSTON CHURCHILL reports
that Scotland and the north of
England are solid for the
budget and against the lords. This
was to be expected. Scotland and the
north of England, where the Scottish
influence is strong and the Scottish
"burr" affects the speech of the na
tives, can always be counted vii to
support radical men and radical meas
ures.
The breezy ridings of Yorkshire, the
fells of Cumberland and the moors and
troutbecks of Northumberland are
conducive to the outdoor life, and the
independence of thought resulting from
outdoor life makes men radical. This
accounts for the radicalism of Scot
land, which in the rural and moorland
districts is so great that it affects the
manufacturing and mining regions,
which, be it remembered, are constantly
being recruited from the outdoor dis
tricts.
The school nf the radicals is the
moorland, and its professors are shep
herds, hunters, and educated farmers
of the type of Robert Burns.
In the midlands and southern Eng
land, which are densely crowded, there
is a strong Socialist element, but the
Industrialism which makes Socialists
is also responsible for a iarge Tory
vote. Those of the workers of a past
generation who had votes, faithfully
cast them for church and squire. To
day a large proportion can vote, and
the increased vote is often cast for
church and squire, for fancied rea
sons of self-preservation. Disestablish-
meat and the reform or abolition of
the house of lords will break the spell,
and a concentration of radical inter
ests and influences and votes would
help prepare the way for larger re
forms.
EDUCATION
ON EVERY hand are signs of the
educational growth and prosper
ity of Greater Los Angeles. In
every department of educational life
the activities of Los Angeles are stir
ring. Nothing is complete. Much is
proposed. Ambition is followed fast
by undertaking, and undertaking by
success.
It is pleasant to see and record the
general prosperity of Los Angeles
schools, public and private.
It is pleasant to realize one of the
greatest university centers of the west
is looking forward to an expansion of
university scope ami facilities that will
put it in fair way of becoming the
principal university center of the
United States. That is no small am
bition. Among the ambitions of
Greater Los Angeles it is the loftiest
as well as the noblest, and we believe
the signs of the times show that in
• . • iy department of educational work
Greater Los Angeles is going forward
so readily, so steadily, that nothing
short of the educational supremacy of
the United States will be the finality
and that will by no means be the end
of endeavor. Greater Los Angeles, car
rying the responsibility o£ educational
supremacy IN the United States, will
further the educational supremacy OF
the United States; and our city, the
Athens of the west, will attract young
men and maidens and be a shining
light virginlbus pueriaque as lon» as
the land shall live. May a speedy re
turn to the first principles of Ameri
canism teach all people the true secret
of its success, and assure long life and
triumphant prosperity to the republic.
Only overconfldence leading to neglect
of duty COO Impart] the. .avise of Greut
er Los Angeles today. Don't let your
confidence keep you from doing your
duty.
Let today's election give tlio world
another example . "i' the metropolis
making activity that is one of the char
acteristics of tho Los Angeles way.'
LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, JANTJAftY 24, 1010.
Says He Will Hang On, but Can He ?
____^ —Philadelphia Tlrconl.
WOOL
BY the general increase of prices
caused by the bungling and arbi
trary economic system tolerated
by the people of the United States,
food and clothing are affected. Com
plaint is made the cost of living is
going up. This means a man's wag* j
will not buy as much food for his
family as the same wage could buy in
former years. The price of clothing
Is also greater than formerly, and the
increased price of clothes is causing
trouble 'and suffering in the east.
One of the most odious of the tariff
schedules is that which compels the
public to pay a toll for the protection
of wool growers and another toll for
the maintenance of a monopoly for the
benefit of a few specially privileged
woolen manufacturers.
The wool schedule is productive of
an amazing crop of evils, which are
not less evil because some of them
are ludicrous. Richard Washburn
Child picks out a few modern in
stances illustrating the follies of the
wool schedule:
"A case was taken to the courts
because the wool duty had been a»
sessed on sets of furniture which had
chair coverings made of cloth that
contained wool. The assessment was
made on every pound-weight of the
furniture."
A pair of wool-lined rubber boots
may be taxed by the pound as if
wholly made of wool.
A man from Boston "bought some
scrap rubber In Canada, which he
supposed was classified under the free
list. He got as far as Rouse Point
in New York on the way into the
United States, and then the customs
officials valued his material at $400
and assessed him $1600 In duties! His
rubber scrap, containing some wool
fiber, was charged by the pound under
the wool waste clause of the tariff
schedule!
A manufacturer of paper, importing
for paper stock cotton rags in which
shreds of wool were found, was as
sessed as if the whole consignment
came under the wool rates. Cloth
made entirely of cotton, except for
wool polltadots glued to the fabric, Is
regarded under the cotton schedule
as all-wool, and is taxed by the lying
definition and not by its true quality.
Mottoes such as "God Bless Our
Home," worked in yarn or worsted,
are weighed by the pound at the cus
tom house and charged duty to com
pensate the American manufacturer
of cloth.
And UNDER TREASURY DECIS
ION 12,665, CORN PLASTERS ARE
HELD TO BE WEARING AP
PAREL!
One mark d peculiarity of greed is
its irrational blindness to absurdity.
FAMILY FICTION
ONE of our most popular fiction
writers has invented a method of
prolonging interest which sug
gests great possibilities. He - made a
hit with a book which was entitled
(not exactly) "The Sea Rover." Now
he announces "The Son of the Sea
Rover." Fine business. A few years
hence we may expect "The Grandson
of the Sea Rover." Then, while pub
lic interest is still keen, "The Great-
Grandson of the Sea Rover" will make
his appearance. As further prolonga
tion of the direct family tree may be
perilous, the author will be advised
by his publishers to branch out. So
he may give an admiring world the
story of the adventures of "The Sis
ter of the Sea Rover."
Then he will spin us a nice, best-
Hilling yarn about "The Wife of the
Sea Rover." But the climax of the
series will be the last, and the- ills
tinguished author will expend energy
and gray matter In constructing, the
most remarkable of his series of tri
umphs, "The Mother-ln-Luw of the
Sea Hover." • • :!'affl^^^gs
CITIZENS' TRAINING
PROFESSOR FAIRLIE of the Uni
versity of Michigan, in an essay
on administrative government,
writes: "Even in the states of the mid
dle west nearly nne-sixth of the public
high schools give no work in civil gov
| ernment, while in other parts of the
country the proportion of secondary
schools where the subject is wholly ne
glected is much larger—from one-fourth
in the North Atlantic and far western
states to one-half in the South Atlantic
group."
Governmental and historical studies
are of especial importance in the United
States, and .such studies will stimulate
patriotism and produce excellent re
sults.
Many Immigrants enter the United
States without training in American
ism. Even when they become natur
alized their knowledge of American
history and political science is super
ficial.
What they learn they learn by expe
rience. Government some day will call
a halt on this preposterous and gro
tesque method of adding to the popu
lation. But the halt won't be called
by arbitrary or tyrannical methods.
The necessity for training schools in
which candidates for citizenship may
be instructed carefully by competent
teachers is obvious and cannot with
safety to our institutions be ignored
much longer.
A dispatch from Detroit says: "While
commodities of all sorts, must of which
are heavily protected, have become
more and more expensive on this side
of the river, in Windsor, just across the
river in Canada, the cost of living has
not yet departed far from the normal.
It is 25 per cent cheaper to live in Can
ada than in the United States and the
salaries paid in the United States are
not bigger than those paid in Canada.
A pretty how d'ye do!
What is prosperity, anyway? Major
McKinley used to say it consisted chief
ly In a full dinner pail. But If It costs
twice as much to fill a dinner pail as
it did a few years ago, and the wage
earner receives less than he formerly
received, is it still correct to talk of
the "prosperity" of salaried workers?
What of the future?
Greater Los Angeles expects every
citizen this day to do his duty. Vote
for consolidation and remind your
friends it is their duty and their priv
ilege to help the cause of the biggest
and best of all western cities, Greater
Los Angeles.
When Hollywood joins forces with
Greater Los Angeles the communities
united in the community of Greater Los
Angeles will be by far the most influen
tial and most prosperous metropolitan
power in the west.
Promote the cause of art in Greater
Loa Angeles by abolishing the billboard
nuisance. Improvement associations
should make the movement for the abo
lition of billboards an aggressive, act
ive campaign.
When the billboard* cease from trou
bling. Greater Los Angeles will be ar
tistically at rest. At present the bill
boards have a jarring and disturbing
influence. They are breaches of the
peace.
John D. Rockefeller wants to run for
CongreM. Apparently he thinks his
hired men there are not doing their best
for the prosperity of the Ollygarchy.
Have you done your duty? That Is
to say, have you voted for consolida
tion? He who helps the cause of Great
er Los Angeles helps himself.
Consolidation means prosperity.. Vote
for prosperity
Public Letter Box
TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intended
for publication must be accompanied by the
name and addre»ti of the writer. Tile M' ' nil
gives tbe widest latitude to correspondent*,
but assumes no responsibility for their viewm
FURTHER INTERPRETATION
GIVEN TO BIBLICAL VERSE
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 19.—[Editor
Herald]: In explaining- Matt, xxiv, 34,
in the Letter Box of January 14 J. R.
Kitts says: "This generation em
braces the period of time from the
ministry of Christ to the end of the
Gentile age and is the third generation
in which the sins of the fathers are
visited upon the children, even unto
the fourth yet to come, which will re
turn to the mighty God of Jacob," and
so be saved.
The quotations he puts forth to sub
stantiate this explanation are slipshod
and wobbly, and will not bear close
inspection. Even were that not the
case, the explanation itself does not
comply with the terms of the prophecy.
What about the judgment day, when
the Son of Man shall come witli his
angels to judge the quick and the
dead, every man according to his
works, separating the sheep from the
goats, etc.? Has J. R. K. dispensed
with it altogether, or merely put it
off till the "fourth generation" has
had its innings? Either way would be
fatal to the prophecy, which says It
will come bofore the end of what Mr.
K. calls the "third generation."
Now, about the slipshod quotations.
You notice he makes a radical dis
tinction between the third generation
(wicked) and the fourth (righteous).
But the commandment simply says
"unto the third and fourth genera
tions of them that hate me," making
no distinction between them.
He refers to Gen. xv, 16, which is n
promise of God to Abraham that his
descendants of the fourth generation
should return from Egypt, and has no
connection with the second coming of
Christ except in the imagination of
Mr. Kitts, which, it may be remarked
In all good humor, seems to be an ex
tremely fertile one, but suffering
somewhat from overcultlvation. True,
it is possible to give that passage a
symbolical interpretation as well, but
the same, can be said of almost any
thing (Song of Solomon, for Instance).
A man doesn't necessarily own every
hat that can be made to fit him.
He says: "The fourth generation to
return in substance to the mighty God
of Jacob." But Isaiah x, m-L'X merely
says that a "remnant" of the Israel
ites shall be saved in the final judg
ment by reason of their turning from
idolatry to the mighty God of Jacob.
The "fourth generation" part has been
dragged in by the heels.
If "generation" doesn't mean genera
tion, how does Mr. Kitts explain Matt,
xvi. 27, 28: "For the Son of Man shall
■ ome with his angels and then he shall
reward every man according to his
worki. Verily there be some Btandlng
here which shall not taste of death till
they Bee the Son of Man coming in his
kingdom"? THOMAS.
EXTENSION OF INDUSTRIAL
DISTRICTS SHOULD CEASE
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 22.—[Editor
HcraldJ: Real and Imminent danger
to the. residence districts of our city
should arouse and unite our citizens
to protect ttlepiMlvei against the
I and shortsightedness of Hie
Southern Pacific company and selfish
interests that care more for dirty dol
lars than for the rights of the com
mon people, whom they contemptuous
ly regard as "small fry" and try to
exploit in "ways that are dark" and
tricks that aro mean. It Is rank in
justice for uny one to try to sell his
property by peeking to have an indus
trial district established that will vio
late the "vested rights" of the owners
of little cottages and humble homes
for which they htive made or are mak
ing great sacrifices.
There is abundance of room in this
city for all worthy industrial enter
prises, especially along the steam rail
ways and "shoestring Btiip" and In
Wilmington and .San Pedro, whore
they can have, the lowest freight rates.
Hut we now have an Industrial district
that is too large and a real dancer to
neighboring residence districts Tinless
the city Ccninttl will at c.nc<> establish
a (mailer FACTORY district, us the
executive committee of the Voters'
league recommends. We must protest
ngalnst hasty or unwise additions to
the Industrial district until such an
The English Elections
10—The Lioyd=Qeorge Budget
Frederic J. Haskin
HONDON.— This revolutionary
tion campaign, Involving
the fato of the. linn
lords and the character of
the British constitution, is
the result of several radical
innovations in the methods of taxa
tion In Crcnt Britain as provided for
in the budget introduced in the house
o;' commons on April L' 9 last. It is
commonly known as the Lloyd-George
budget, talcing the name of the chan
ci llor of tin' exchequer, who prepared
and submitted it. in the campaign the
Tories called it the ■■Socialistic budget"
and the Radicals boasted of it as "the
peoples budget." it contained many
new and progressive features, such as
B bureau of employment, a housing
and town-planning measure and other
provisions for social reform. But the
chief feature, and the one which
caused its rejection by the house of
lords, was the proposition to put a tax
on land. That was denounced as So
clallsm and robbery, and it caused the
lords and the landlords to precipitate
this great political battle.
In the United States, where the tax
on land is a generally accepted and
never questioned method of obtaining
revenues by and for the, several states,
this issue Is difficult to understand, in
the first place, England has never
taxed land. The revenue derived from
real estate is known as "the rates,"
and is calculated at so much per cent
on the rent produced by leasing the
land. If the land is not rented no
tax. s arc paid, in every case the
lessee in- tenant, and never the owner,
pays the rates. This system was ar
ranged by the peers, who are the
principal land owners, 218 years ago,
when they exchanged to King William
this money revenue, to be paid by their
tenants, in lieu of all service, tenures
and levies of soldiers due to the crown
from the peers under the remaining
rules of the feudal system.
Now cornea Mr. Lloyd-George with a
scheme for the taxation of land values.
It is a complicated affair, which at
first could produce but little revenue,
but it was looked upon as an entering
wedge. Tile principal proposals of the
budget with respect to land values
are threefold: The increment duty, the
reversion duty and the undeveloped
land duty. Tho first provides that in
tho future the increase in the value of
land due to the efforts of society as a
whole, and in nowise to the industry
or ingenuity of the owner, shall be re
garded us unearned increment, and
that 20 per cent, or one-fifth, of such
increase shall be paid to the treasury.
KxceptionH to this rule omit all
purely agricultural land, all land
worth less than $250 ctn acre, all prop
erty occupied by the owner as a home
and many other detailed exemptions.
The first 10 per cent Increment is also
exempted. The amount of the un
earned increment is to be determined
by commiaaJDners, who will take the
total value of the land at tho general
UUHmeßt to bo made at once under
the budget, and from that they will
deduct the value of all improvements
added by the owner or lessee, the value
added by advertising or by other ef
fort of the owner, and the 10 per cent
exemption. Of the remainder one-fifth
would be the tax due. This tax is to
be paid when the land is sold or when
it changes hands by reason of the
death of the owner. In case it is
owned by a corporation not liable to
death duties then tho tax is to be paid
In 1914 and in each seventh year there
after.
The second feature, the reversion
duty, is a tax of 10 per cent upon the
value of the benefit accruing to land
owners at the expiration of leases of
longer than twenty-one years' dura
tion from improvements made by the
lessees. In England, where nearly all
improvements are made upon leased
land, it is not unusual for a land own
er, by the expiration of a lease, to be
come possessed of valuable buildings
nnd other improvements for which he
was in no way responsible. The gov
ernment wants 10 per cent of the in
creaso in the value of his property
thus created.
The third feature Is the tax on unde
veloped land—a. direct tax of a half
penny in the pound, a trifle over 2 per
cent, payable annually, the land to bo
reassessed every five years. This at
tacks those owners who keep land idle
waiting for the community to Increase
its value, and, horror of horrors, it pro
poses a tax on the game preserves!
Important as are these innovations to
the English people, they pale into in
significance when contrasted with th«
machinery provided for the purpose of
enforcing them. The landowners and
the lords were not so much frightened
at these taxes, for they are very light,
as they were by the provision for the
assessment and valuation of the land
of the kingdom.
• • •
The last land assessment in England
was made by William the Conqueror
immediately after his conquest of Eng
land In 1066. The records were then
compiled in the Doomsday Book, and
that has stood for 844 years as the only
land survey in England. In the United
States, where land assessments are
made at frequent intervals and where.
ordinance as the Voters'' league rec
ommends is enacted.
For the establishment of a small in
dustrial district near Agricultural
park, which the late unlamented coun
cil revoked within six weeks, will make
the residents near there lose $75,000 or
$100,000, because they are forced to buy
this property at an increased valua
tion In order properly to improve that
beautiful section of the city.
Hence, after very careful considera
tion of this problem during the hist
five .months, and after several con
sultations with the mayor, the secre
tary of the Voters' league hns submit
ted to the council's legislative com
mittee a few suggestions which are
in harmony with a petition that the
executive committee of the league will
present to the council next Tuesday.
J. B. IRVINE.
DEMANDS GREATER CARE
IN HANDLING OF BREAD
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 18.—[Editor
Herald}: There is much discussion
and agitation at the present time on
the pure-food question, which, like
charity and many other things, should
begin at home. Among the few things
that women may be able to control, the
sanitary condition of the food delivered
to us which we are obliged to consume
should have our first consideration. ,
One of our very popular orators, in
order to make his audience sit up and
take notice, often says, "Now, listen; I
am going to tell you something." And
he does tell them many things. ' In like
manner I wish to call the attention of
the housekeepers in our city, who are
interested in pure food, and tell them
what I have observed in regard to the
unclean handling of the bread that we
use and feed our little ones, filling their
systems with dangerous geTns from
which they must some time suffer. y*
One. delivery • man, not ■ having '». a
basket,'carried the bread on his arm
piled no' high that it cum In .contact
with his .much-soiled coat collar. An-
in most of tho states, the land survey
is kept continually running, this pro
posal for an assessment may not seem
to be a terrible thing. But hero tha
landlords, especially the peers who hold
. the great estates, regard such a survey
as a most dangerous approach to So
cialism.
Their fears are not altogether without
foundation, for there is a considerable
party in England which favors the na
tionalization of all the land. The
Lloyd-George scheme of taxation, al
though now very light, would yield, as'
the Chancellor says, a constantly in
creasing revenue, and would make the
ownership of unimproved land and of
large quantities of land increasingly
burdensome. In other words, the bud
get proposes a land tax based upon the
theory of the single tax, as expounded
by Henry George.
The charge made by the Conserva
tives that this is the single tax and
that it Is inspired by Henry George,
and that it alma at the breaking up of.
large holdings, is not denied by the
Liberals. Many Liberal candidates for
parliament have boldly proclaimed their
faith in Henry George and the doctrine
that the land ought to bo owned by the
nation. All of them declare that a tax
on improvements and industry is wrong
and that a tax on the idler who does
nothing to improve his property but
waits for the community to add to its
value and to his wealth is right.
* • •
Next to the posters the most remark
able feature of the campaign is the uni
versal singing by Liberals of "The
Land Song." It is Ret to the stirring
air of "Marching Through Georgia,"
and part of it is:
Sound a blast for freedom, boys, and send it
far and wide!
March along to victory, for God is on our
side;
Whilo tho voice of nature thunders o'er the
rising tide—
"God made the land for the people!"
The land! The land!
''Twas God who gave.the land!
The landl The land!
Tho ground on which we stand!
'Why should we be beggars with the ballot in
our hand?
"God gave the land to the people!"
This song was distributed in sheet
music form, and every copy bore on
the back a . portrait of an American-
Henry George, the single taxer.
' • • •
The opposition all through the cam
paign worked to divert attention from
the land question and the budget by
attacking the Liberal policy on the
navy by predicting war with Germany,
and by offering tariff reform as a
means of getting revenue and protec
tion as a means of making jobs for the
unemployed. This led to the Liberal
retort that the peers wanted to tax
tho poor man's loaf instead of their
own land. Some of the landlords were
unwise enough to declare that the new
land taxes were so onerous that they
must cut off their subscriptions to
charities and the like. This, course of
action was condemned even by the
Tory leaders.
Another feature of the budget which
had a powerful effect in the campaign,
although before the election results are
all in no one can estimate how much,
are the new taxes on the liquor trade.
The budget provided for heavy in
creases in liquor taxes, especially on
the brewers. This forced a partner
ship of the peerage and the "beerage,"
and was productive of much of the
scandal which disgraced the conduct of.
the campaign. . *
a • a
Lloyd-George and other leaders of his
ilk, who are working strenuously for
social reform, are inclined to be severe
on the liquor traffic as it is carried on
in this country. There is nothing ap
proaching the prohibition movement as
it is known in parts of the United
States, but there is a distinct public
opinion of higher license and more
strict regulations. One of the latter is
that children under 14 shall not be per
mitted in public houses. This regula
tion has created a very furore of pro
test in some quarters, and no doubt
lost many votes for tho Liberals. The
budget did not contain an education
bill, such as was passed by the Liberal
house and rejected by the lords, but
it hinted at a system of schools which
would be free, from the control of the
Established Church. This brought many
churchmen Into the fight.
The result of the Lloyd-George bud
get was, first, the dissolution of the.
parliament by the action of the lords;
second, the arraying of the kingdom
into two political camps— composed
of the peers, the landowners, the
churchmen, the liquor trade, and those
Conservatives who fpar the red flag of
Socialism; the other containing tha
Liberals, the "Progressives," the Social
ists and the Laborites. This division
of the people is in more or less per
manent form, and upon the parliament
now chosen rests the burden of choos
ing between land taxation and tariff
reform—in either case a radical de- "
parture from the accepted fiscal policy
of Great Britain.
Tomorrow—The English Election!.
IV— The Heckling "Voice."
other used a basket filled so full that
the bread was forced against his un
clean clothing-. Could this be worse?
Yes. Listen. Not long ago I made
an early morning call at a grocery. It
was not open, and while I waited the
bread for the day was delivered. The
door being closed and the box without
a cover, the man simply turned the box
over against it to protect the broad
from the dog's.
The grocer came, turned up the box,
leaving half the bread on the filthy door
step, put it In the show case, and some
of it reached your table, but not mine.
Oh, no; for I swore off, right there and
then, never again to buy a loaf
of bread without Its being wrapped
before leaving the bakery.
The attention of the proper authori
ties has been called to these conditions,
but without avail.
Let us wake up, sister housewives,
and pass a pure-bread ordinance of our
own, and stand by it. Hy so dolns wo
will soon have the honor of cornering?
the bread market.
Who is with me In this?
OBSERVER.
PROTESTS AGAINST PROPOSED
SOUTH PARK ENLARGEMENT
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 21.—[Editor
Herald]: The proposed enlargement of
South park is not suggested because
the park is now too small. The agita
tion was started several years ago,
when there could possibly have been
no public necessity or demand for such
enlargement, and Is being renewed by
opposing real estate interests. To com
pel the public to pay for the gamble
strikes ■ Rood many in this section as
politics of a very low order. If the new
administration, which is supposed to
be above listening to grafters, has bean
convinced that ttii? section needs more
park ipace, let it select a spot ;it least
a mile distant from South park. Numer
ous small parks am desirable and cost
less. R. C. SCHULTZ.

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