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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVERY MOSSING BY ' '/' THE 111 ItAl.l> CO. THOMAS E. GIBBON. ."resident ' FRANK E. WOLFE Managta* Editor THOMAS X. GOUDlNO...Business Manager DAVID. G. BAIT' 'X Associate Editor Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice In Los Angeles. _ OLDEST MOKNING PAPER IN LOS ANGELES. Founded Oat. *. I*l3. Thirty-sixth year. thumb er of Commerce building. Phones: Sunset Main 8009: Horn* I*2l*; The only .' Democratic newspaper in South ern CalifornJ a receiving full Associated Press reports. ; _^__^_ NEWS SB :RVICB — Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving its full report, aver aging 25,000 words a day. RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION- WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by ml ill or carrier, a month... ..* .40 Pally, by mi .11 or carrier, three months. 1.20 Daily, by mi ill or carrier, six months.. .2. 3j Dally, by ml 11 or carrier, one year 4.50 Sunday Her« Id. one year V;, 4 , Postage fr< c In United States and Mexico; . elsewhere pa stage added. _____ . THE HER, 4.LD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND— Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia vlsltoi -3 to San Francisco and Oak land will flu d The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the street? In Oakland by Wheatley an 1 by Amos News Co. A file of 1 he Los Angeles HeraU can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives, Mess rs. B. and J. Hardy & Co., 30, II and 32 Flet it street. London, England, free of charge, ai 4d that firm will be glad to re ceive news, i übscriptions and advertisements on our behaM '. _____ On si! Ms tiers pert_!"!n» *« advertising address Chat les R. Gates, advertising man ager. _ Population i of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN gglfsf LGI/THULL'XifI jfjRE? TRORSIIM. JJ AT Tl HE THEATERS AUDITORIUM— "'ark. SSASGN — Herns." BURBANK— "TI> c Crisis." BELASCO —'The Spendthrift." MAJESTIC "An American Lord." ORrilElM—VaiJ levllle. GRAND —"■Woods \nd.' lA>3 ANGELES- -Vaudeville. OLYMPIC-Muslo al burlesaue. rise UK — cal burlesque. WALKERMeIod rama. —Mslu'ln ma. GREATER LOS ANGELES HOLLYWOO D is one of the most' delightful and desirable sections of Greatej r Los Angeles. A ma jority of the vi iters of the two com munities yesterday sanctioned the union, and the citizens of Hollywood are to !»■ congratulated on the fact they may now claim citizenship in Greater Los Anj'eles, while the citizens of Los Angeles £ re to be congratulated (mi the general appreciation shown of the possibilities < >f Greater Los Angel. > when every suburb that by rights be longs to the metropolitan area is In cluded in that area. The metropolM an union will aid greatly the progress and prosperity of Los Angeles. The motto of the United States is also that of our superb city, "X pluribus unuro ." t'nited, the com munities that comvnso Greater Los An geies can accomplish far more than if they were working individually. In union there is the strength of a great city as well as of a great nation. Greater Los Angeles is tlie commer cial and maritime metropolis of the ■west, and its Steady" growth will be con tinued until it exceeds in population any other city on the Pacific coast, Tbat this aim will be accomplisaied. and within a few years, no reasonable be ing can doubt. The Los Angeles way is one of resolution, determination and execution. In talking of the destiny at Grei Los. Angeles, the "wish may be father to tin- thought," but as the thought is invariably father to the DEED, the ■wish of the far-seeing, patriotic citizens of this enterprising, prosperous, patri otic, cultured and beautiful metropolis of the west undoubtedly Will result in the establishment of its supremacy In respect of population as in every other respect. Now, altogether, and FOItWARD, MARCH! in the Los Angeles way. THE INSANITY DODGE TyTEW YORK STATE BAR Assa il CIATION recommends an amend -*-' merit of the habeas corpus law in order that a commitment for criminal lunacy may not be used as a means of effecting the personal safety or the liberation of a prisoner who advances insanity as an excuse for murder, and pleads irresponsibility, while it Is well understood among his friends (and by the public) that the fellow expects sooner or later to regain his freedom via the madhouse. , The Bar association's report scores unscrupulous experts who are willing lor a fee to swear a man out of jail on an opinion of insanity, and then swear him out of an Insane asylum on an opinion of sanity. SOCIETY IS AT THE MERCY OF RICH CRIMINALS. A poor criminal cannot hope to escape punishment. With a rich criminal, the only question !is as to the length of the purse. The . murderer .with an empty pocket is exe cuted with all the formalities. The murderer with the long purse outwits the. gallows or cheats the chair. THIS IS NOT RIGHT. Either abolish the ''death penalty altogether or subject to its awful Ignominy the guilty rich as well as the guilty, poor. POOR SAN FRANCISCO EVERT decent, law-abiding citlien of Los Angeles who believes in a clean city fit for clean people to live in must sympathize profoundly with our sister city Pan Francisco on account of the evil days upon which she has fallen. When the election of the present mayor of that city was announced, and before he took office, he stated that he proposed to "make of San Francisco the Paris of America." Some people's Idea of Paris is that It is a place where all sorts of vice flourish, and where every gross passion and evil appetite can be gratified without trouble and without stint. This must be the idea that the major of San Francisco has of the French capital, judging from the way he has begun his career as the chief executive of that unfortunate city. When he took office he delivered a long: address containing: many significant statements, and none prob ably more significant than the follow ing: "The Chinese have pastimes and | pleasures peculiar to themselves, and prefer to be left alone in their enjoy ment and In their seclusion, the same as the whites. I propose to extend most liberal treatment to them." Investigation of the Ruef-Schmitz administration in San Francisco showed that one of the most prolific sources from which that administration ex tracted its graft was the lottery joints, opium dens and other unspeakable vices that, when "left alone," flourished in San Francisco's Chinatown. It would have been difficult for the present mayor of San Francisco to have given more positive encouragement for these former sources of municipal graft to resume business. It Will be hard to convince any sensible man that this resumption of business will not also be accompanied by the resumption of the payment of graft. One of the first official acts of Mayor McCarthy was to appoint to the only vacancy upon his police commission a saloonkeeper— a man who Is said to have earned the appointment by col lecting from the saloons and brothels of San Francisco a large campaign fund, which he devoted to the elec tion of the mayor who appointed him. Another early result of the McCarthy administration was the appointment to an important deputyship in the sheriff's office of a man who is said to have been arrested many times In the last dozen years of his career in Pan Francisco for bunco steering and to have recorded against him more than one conviction in the courts of that city. • If these utterances and acts of the chief executive of San Francisco and his subordinates may be taken as an example of what is In store for that city during the next two years, such a fate for a great city is appalling to good citizens. But it is a remarkable fact that many of the citizens of San Francisco rejoice in McCarthy's election and his declaration in favor of a wide-open town, for the reason, as they say, that a wide-open town brings money to San Francisco. If these people would give a little consideration to the fact that San Fr. ncisco as a wide-open town, since the census of 1880 was taken, has not grown 100 per cent, while Los Angeles as a fairly well regulated town has, in the same period, grown more than 3000 per cent, they might change their minds as to the advantage to business of a wide-open town. PINCHOT'S WORK /"^IFFORD PIXCHOT'S work for the |-jr American nation Is «ork for the American nation la go shockingly *-^ out of relation to his treatment by a most lnappreeiative and ungrate ful administration that it provokes In quiry as to whether the people should not take part in the discussion and approve Mr. Pinchot in a manner that may be highly distasteful to hide bound Republican partisans of the anti-Roosevelt school. The very first sermons on the subject of na tional economy and conservation ever preached to this country were preached by Gifford Pinchot. The Roosevelt conservation policies were suggested by Pinchot. In fact, Pinchot began as far back as the pres idency of Grover Cleveland the great ! work which aroused the enthusiastic admiration of Theodore Roosevelt, who was only too glad to avail himself of the expert skill of Pinchot in giving effect to policies which secured for the American people 20,000 acres near Ra valll, Mont., where the experiment of raising buffalo will be continued; 600, --000 acres in Washington (the Mount Olympus national monument), and nearly 1,000,000 acres of the Superior national forest reserve. The Mount Olympus "monument" derives this curious name from the fact that Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Pin chot were perplexed over the special legislation that might be applicable to this reservation, until they found a clause of an old law permitting the government "to set aside any monu mental feature of nature that seems worthy thereof." Pinchot, so cavalierly ruled off the active service track, is one of the bust Informed and most reliable authorities In a question the vastness of which may be realized from the following statement of acreage of forest or game parks: Yellowstone national park, Wyoming, 2.142,720 acres; Chickamau ga and Chattanooga national and mil itary, Tennessee, 6195 acres; Sequoia, California, 160,000 acres; Yosemite, California, 967,680 acres; Mount Rai nier, Washington,' 207,360 acres; Crater Lake. Oregon, 159,360 acres; Canon game preserve, 2,019,000; Mount Olym pus national monument, 600,000 acres; Superior game and forest preserve, 909,743 acres; Wichita forest and game preserve, 67,120 acres; Wichita national bison range, 9760 acres; Montana na tional bison range (fenced range for captive game herds), 20,000 acres; -TO TAL, 7,258,988 acres. Truly, thlg is a national interest of some importance. LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1010. "Shall We Wait or Shall We Join the Meat Boycott?" NEW CHURCH A HANDSOME net» church edifice has been added to the urchl tectural attractions of Los An gelm. One of the most important and costly Christian Science buildings west of New York has been opened, and the Scientists, with characteristic frank ness, cay it win be "dedicated aa soon as 1 lie debt is paid off." Wo don't think Its formal dedication will be long deferred, because the Christian Scientists are enthusiasts, and they do not procrastinate. The older Chris tian churches cannot withhold admir ation of the spirit of absolute confi denca, of demonstrated, trustful de pendence upon the heavenly will in which our Christian Science friends go forward from triumph to triumph. Great is their faith, and it is ex hibited in their works, tor the Chris tian Scientists act not only as if they believe every word of the Gospel mes sage is as true, and as vital today as ever it was, but as if they realize thoroughly that "faith without works is dead," and that by their fruits we must know them. No matter what personal opinions may be held regarding the great new movement for a revival of the first principles of Christianity, there can be only one opinion as to the earnestnrss, the sincerity, the devotion, the piety and the success of all those engagi d In it. Great is their faith. Those who cannot share it admire it. Christian Scientists of Greater Log Angelea on this, the day of the opening of the new Second church, ara well entitled to tile appreciation, the admiration, the praise and the thanks of all of their fellow citizens of Greater Los Angelw. IMMORTAL BURNS ALL the world celebrates the birth day of Robert Burns, but the world seems to be as far away as ever from achieving the ideals of the Scottish singer of the manliness of the individual and the brotherhood of man. Will the day ever come when, In the words of Tennyson, who admired and often echoed Burns, the battle flags will be furled in the par liament of man, the federation of the world? We don't hear much about it in these times. It is admitted peace may be compelled by mutual fear; that nations will find it more profitable to enter into a peace pact than to be kept in a condition of excited suspense by the contemplation of the possibil ities created by modern inventions. Burns is claimed as the national bard of Scotland. Rut ho is far more than that. He is the poet of all man kind, and there never was a time in the world's history when the poetry of Burns was more down to date than it is now. The civilized world respects "the immortal memory" of the Ayr shire farmer. Therefore the civilized world should realize his memory is im mortal because his words are immor tal, and his words are Immortal be cause they are as true today as when they were first penned in bold round hand, by the warmth of a peat fire and the light of a tallow candle, while without the wild wintry winds were raging and stinging sleet was driving before the bitter blast. Amid such conditions, in a remote Ayrshire farm house, was written Burns' prayer or pi jphecy: Then let us pray that come it may, As come It will, for a' that. That SENSE AND WORTH o'er a 1 the earth May bear the (TM, an' a' that; For a 1 that, and a' that, It's coming yet, for a' that, THAT MAN TO MAN', THE WAIU-.D O'ER, SHALL BROTHER! 88, FOR A' THAT. It may not be possible to bust the beef trust/but the people have made la dent in it. INCENDIARISM A GREAT deal of incendiary litera ture is "going the rounds." Kn couraged by the new interrogation resulting from scientific advance, mis chievous magazines are busily engaged in filling the civilized world with war thoughts, especially inflaming: the peo ple oi the German empire against un people of the British empire, because, in spite of the ignorance or forget fulness of magazine writers who dis cuss "war chances," Germany would not fight "England." Jt would not even light the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Treland, but would fling down the gage of battle to the British empire. And when would such world-wide war end? If we must dis cuss war. let us stop this foolish and misleading habit of talking about "England" and the invasion of "Eng land," and think of the far-flung em pire, with its advanced civilization, its thousands upon thousands of schools, its millions of scholars, its hundreds of universities, its thousands of churches, and its thousands <3f publications, daily, weekly and monthly. There is only one other country in the world in which there is such general intellectual ac tivity, and that is our own broad con tinent, which, thank heaven, is massive enough to resist the attack of any for eign power. The most "successful" invasion of the United States could only make a dent in our invincible civilization; and it is ridiculous to think the occupation of London or the capture of the United Kingdom by a. German army and navy would end the empire. But It would cause inconvenience, especially to the United States (for Britain is our principal cash customer) and to the colonies, which would find themselves to a great extent cast on their own resources. These resources are ample. As we believe in'civiliza tion, and would dislike to see it set back to glut the ambition of a Ho henzollern, we hope the incendiary talk of the periodicals will not be followed by incendiary action on the part of the nations they are inciting to combat. A reverend gentleman in the east says a woman in at her best when she can do her work the best. That, may be true, but is it not equally true of a man? The main difference between woman's work and man's, however, is expressed in the old rhyme; Man's work is from sun to sun. But woman's work is never done. "See California first." California is the most beautiful and attractive country in the world. It contains all the varieties of scenery that are to be found in Europe and Asia combined. Why goii-touring to Kurope before you have seen California? See California first. Procrastination has not deprived the state railroad commission of all of its opportunities for doing good. And not the old hymn say, "While yet the lamp holds out to burn the vilest sinner may return"? Beef Is not one of the life. A human being can live and be healthy without meat. Many of them dv live without it. Hurrah for Greater Los Angeles and ii Hollywood section! Hollywood is a superb suburb With a. beautiful n and With all the enterprise, energy and suecesg characteristic of the bos An gelea »ay. Nowadays when people ask "Have you signed the pledge?" there is al ways room for doubt as to whether the anti-rum or the anti-meat pledge is Intended. • Are y.u it In-"! 1 eater) <>i" have you Joined the anti-trust club? Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intended for publication mubt be accompanied by tbe name a.id address of the vfritei-. I'iie Herald Elves t;<e widest latitude to correspondents, but assumes no responsibility (or their vie us. THINKS REFORMERS SHOULD UNITE AGAINST FEE SYSTEM LOS ANGELES, Jan. 21.—[Editor Herald]: I see constant reference in the Letter Box to the prison question, which is unquestionably /me of the most pressing problems of the day. That conditions In our city jails are dis graceful appears to be beyond dispute, and we should be profoundly grateful for the fact that, thanks to Judge Works, there seems to be some chance of their being Improved. The task of bringing about some humane treatment in our state penitentiaries will be. no doubt, a far harder task; but it will be accomplished as soon as public opinion is sufficiently aroused, though not be fore. Similarly, with the ventilation of this subject that is now in progress, it will not be possible much longer for the clergy to voice such vindictive views is those attributed to Dr. Locke. • I do not question the sincerity of his opinions, but l say emphatically that they will not stand discussion. The evidence that capital punishment and other forms of vengeance only aggra vate the evil and incite to further deeds of Violence is simply overwhelming:, and Dr. Locke will have to show that he can answer such an array of figures as the Prison Reform league has given in its recently published book before his views can command any r&ipect from the veil informed. But it seems to me that while we may trust to Judge Works and others to not allow the city jail question to rest, there is another practical point on which reformers might most success fully concentrate energy. That is the fee system. Our Prison Reform league has shown most clearly the frightful abuses to which this anachronism, which makes officers dependent for their Income on the number of arrests they make, in evitably leads. It has shown that all who have examined this system have condemned it without mercy. Yet Los Angeles county, which should be a cen ter of enlightenment for Southern Cal ifornia, clings to it, although such I neighboring counties as Orange and Kern have abolished it and. pay all their officers straight salaries. These counties report that, they could not be induced to revert to the old plan, for their taxpayers are saving large sums annually and they find themselves far more free from crime, * . The evidence adduced on this head Is apparently overwhelming, and I have always wondered why the working class, which suffers so much from the injustices to which the fee system leads, does not work vigorously for its discontinuance. FRED K. GUILFORD. SUGGESTS IMPROVEMENTS FOR AEROPLANE PROPELLERS X.OS ANGELES, Jan. 19.—[Editor Herald]: While enjoying the flights at Aviation field I also observed a few things about the aeroplanes from a mechanical viewpoint, as much as the distance from my place in the grand stand permitted. My attention was drawn to the propeller because that is the real power behind the throne, so to speak. The blades seemed too nar row, and the flat surface did not seem just the tiling. I have watched pro peller blades ■on river tugs and on steamers and they were shaped quite different. However, i was willing to concede, tor the time, that the experi menters had gone through all that and found what they now use ill the pro peller line is the pro. er thing. I could not rest, though, until I satisfied my self as to my theory being correct. Judge for yourself from my experi ment. My airship was a toy Zeppelin, given to my boy last Christmas by a kind neighbor. The propeller l.lades are stiff paper, set at an ingle of about 45 degrees, and the toy is suspended by a string 48 Inches long. The result Of several trials is time 1:45-50, 55 cir cles; from the 20th to the 45th the circles were 40 Inches in diameter, the toy traveling approximately 3800 inches. i then shaped the blatles like I have observed then on tugs and steamers, that is, the upper edge of the blade bent outward. Result: time 2:30-35, 68 circles; from the 20th to the 50th they were 48 Inches" In diameter, the toy traveling 7000 inches. My theory, ac cording to the tests, though with a toy, proved to be correct. I reasoned the propellers on those aeroplanes cut the air too much on account of their nar- The English Elections IV—THE HECKLING "VOICE" Frederic J. Haskin lirawolONDON.— whether or not the s\jS voice of tho people is the a voice of Whether a not the voice of the people is the voice of GrOd Ii a question I bPS which some persons may dis fij JSst| pute with the classic proverb, llßEEral but no English politician will dispute the fact that "the Voice" in the audience is a voice to be respected. The British people have no sense of deco rum in politics. Much as the English man may deplore the average Amer ican's lack of manners in handling knives, forks and spoons at a dinner table, the latter can put it all over his British cousin when It comes to behav ing at a public speaking. The Briton doesn't want to behave, and his un written constitution protects him in certain inalienable rights of misbe haviour to which the speakers must tamely submit. ■ "When the sovereign American voter goes into politics as an auditor at a political speaking he is permitted, by that stern code of etiquette obtaining in nearly all parts of the United Sttaes, to do but three things. Ho may keep silent, he may cheer or he may hiss. The hissing is considered ill-bred, it is true, but it is sometimes permitted to pass without causing a riot among tho SUpporters-iff the code of political po liteness. No such pent-up Utlea cribs, cabins or confines the British elector, although he Is not "sovereign" in theory. When he goes to a political meeting he has, under the constitution, a perfect right to do any or all of the seven follow ing things, to wit: Cheer, hiss, groan, sing, yell, boo and heckle. Now, the greatest of these is repre sented in the verb "to heckle," for un der that head the British elector at a political speaking may, can and does do anything he jolly well pleases from making a speech to the speaker to using a peer's monocle as the bull's eye in target practice with rotten eggs as ammunition. The egg business is re garded as ill-bred, and none but a very rude heckler will descend to such methods. It is about on the plane with hissing in the United Sttaes. But it is not a crime, | and the heckler is pro tected by the constitution and by Brit ish etiquette. • • • Sir "William Bull, a Tory member of parliament, is a shining example of the few politicians who have dared to take unconstitutional steps with re spect to the hecklers in this eompaign. A British elector, a perfectly polite one without any undated eggs about his person, stood near the motor van platform from which Sir William was explaining why the people should sup port the peers and not tax the land. . This elector punctuated the address by ( remarking in a boiler factory voice at the end of every one of 'Sir William's chaste periods: "You are a lying law yer, and you make your living by tak ing money to tell lies, and you know it and you know we know it," repeate ad lib., with variations. After about the seventh heckle Sir William's choler got the best of his politeness and of the constitution, and he intimated that he was able, physically, to punch the head of a certain heckler. The heckler invited Sir William to a joust and they went to it. A brace of faultless "bobbies" broke up the fight, but no arrests were made, as the police couldn't determine whether to arrest the heckler for starting a row or to take Sir William into custody for breach of the constitution. A favorite form of heckling is the interruption of the speaker by remarks more or less personal and uncompli mentary, or by asking questions which .are pertinent or impertinent as one is a Radical or a Tory, or by making audible comments on tho past political record of the speaker when it is in contrast with his present political pro fessions. The authors of such re marks, the individuality of hecklers being lost In the crowd, are collec tively known as "The Voice." And in every speech made during .the cam paign "The Voice" had something to say. "The Voice" is not always in op position. ' Indeed, a friendly heckler with a good pair of lungs is often of great value in helping a" halting speaker to make his opinions known to the voters. • ■ • Sometimes the British electors do not consider a speaker sent to address them to be worthy of heckling. In such cases the electors exercise an other inalienable right of the free born and perfectly polite Englishman. They boo the speaker. That is, they boo the inan-who-would-be-speaker. They attend the meeting and very quietly hear the address of the chair man. The speaker is introduced and makes his bow. And then the elec tors boo him. That is to say, about 'steen hundred of them with one ac cord pronounce the word "Boo" loudly and lingeringly. And when they- are through pronouncing it they do it all over again. And so on until the man who-would-be-speaker gets tired and leaves. Sometimes the short boo is introduced In the middle of a speech, but then it is only a part of the heckling. The carl of Denbigh, a, Tory lord, went down to Hopewell, where ho owns a large estate, to speak to his neigh bors about the issues of tho day. The neighbors booed him. He tried for rowneai and straight surface. The upper half of the blades did very lit tle pushing because the air was travel ing away from it by the backward cur rent given it by contact with the lower portion of the blade. Another attach ment which, 1 think, would prevent the Dimes from injury when striking the ground as it did when Louis Paulhan d'«oended while making a short turn near th« grandstand Friday the 14th. A liehe wheel projecting just 1 little be low the plane would effectively break tr iar the same ..-■> the wheels in the center make the landing possible with case. Am I right, Letter B°, X<£ SJ TH SUGGEST REMEDIES FOR TWO IMPORTANT PROBLEMS SAN PEDRO, Jan. 22.—[Editor Her ald'] • i wish to express an opinion with reference to an Interview on the beef question in today's paper, and also a tetter on the free employment bureau lnp?me»" Uhive quit fattening their rlrv cows because under the present laws and ordinances the only persons who can kill for sale" in the large cities are the packers. A farmer who has one cow for sale at a time cannot afford to make two or three trips up to the city to make arrangements for the sale and then make a trip with a team and wagon to haul the animal up, but sells to a small local buyer, who, In turn, Bells to the packer when be has a suf ficient number 4o deliver. If farmers could sell direct to the retail butcher It would bo for the benefit of all con- C<The letter to which I refer Is about the free labor bureau. / . ,_ In addition to helping men get jobs there ought to be some way of helping them get the wages - for which they work. ■ ■ - ■ ' '■■•' i".• ; Nearly all big contractors on-public works have a : stated day on which to twenty minutes to speak, but made no headway. Then he sat down on the chairman's table, lit a cigarette and waited for the noise to cease. It didn't cease, and as there were more neigh bors than there were earls of Denbigh, the noble earl finally grave it up as a had job and hiked away from there. > Lord Ashbourne. on the same night in London, was greeted by an enthu siastic crowd of hecklers with a genius for fun. Every time the noble lord said anything: serious the crowd groaned and every time he said any thing allegedly funny the crowd groaned. Finally they got tired and broke up the meeting by turning: it into a saengerfest. * * • As a rule the hecklers are veiy po lite to woman speakers and seldom throw things at them. They make ex ceptions in favor of the "sex." The "sex" is not so considerate, and the suffragettes never miss a ohaiSco to heave a brick through a window at some cabinet minister who is explain ing to the dear people how "the gov ernment have provided for the coun try." (The government "have" is cor rect in England.) But this brick-heav ing is not considered heckling, and .therefore is not protected by the con stitution and British etiquette. Hence, just before a political meeting, the po lice arrest all women in the neighbor hood suspected of a militant desire to exercise the right of suffrage and Us concomitant privileges of heckling and booing. Mrs. Fletcher, wife of a member of parliament essayed to make a, speech in behalf of a friend of her husband who was running for the house. The hecklers were provided for her, and the first part of her address was made to the accompaniment of a grand cho rus of baby rattlers. .She is a tariff reformer, and when she came to ex- i plan how much better the laboring man in protected Germany lives than his fellow workman In free England, a genial heckler threw a live puppy dog at the lady, exclaiming, "That's what the Germans cat." Lord Rothschild, who has more money than Carter had oats, has .al ways made it a practice never to speak except in the house of lords and in the city of London upon purely finan cial or municipal affairs. But tho threatened Socialism of the Lloyd- George' regime aroused him to action and lie took the stump for a tour around the country. He went to one town to (ell the people the reasons Why he had been converted from a. free-tdader to a tariff reformer. Tha audience amused itself by interrupting every few minutes with three cheers, for Lloyd-Georgo. This annoyed the baron and he finally gave up without finishing his speech. Nearly all of the heckling of tho un friendly sort has been directed against Conservative speakers. All during the campaign tho newspapers commented on this feature with strict party bias, The Radical papers were inclined to think that it showed how unpopular th 6 Tories were with the people. The Tory papers charged that the rowdy ism of the Liberals was the despera tion bred of foreknowledge of cer tain defeat. Liberal leaders and can didates were charged with hiring men to make a business of breaking up Conservative meetings. Occasionally a Liberal speaker would be heckled, and then the Radicals would cry out that the liquor trade was plying rowdies with free drinks to get them to interrupt Liberal speakers. But usually everybody seemed to credit all the trouble to "the Voice"—rVmt is, to the British elector in action as an auditor. . • • • Every speaker, of course, tries, to be patient under the strain of the heckling. Sometimes a clever speaker can turn a question to the discom fiture of the heckler, and that makes for peace and order. Again, a speaker is given an opportunity to turn a pretty point by the aid of-a chance remark of "the Voice." Sometimes, it is whispered, speakers have been known to arrange with some free and unterrifled heckler for a few interrup tions at just the ' psychological mo ment. For bad as it is to be heckled, it is infinitely worse to be ignored. But when Lord Cheylesmore and Lord Donoughmore attempted to plead, the case of the poors to an audience, in Coventry the heckler reached his climax. He announced in tuneful song that he, collectively considered, did not Intend to go home until the fol lowing morning. The only local sup porter of the peers was hustled oft the stage, but the two noble lords were forced to stay and hear the singing for several hours. •". The British elector with a taste for exciting fun has his inning at election time. And if a peer is his particular aversion, as seems to be the case, the heckler was happy during this cam paign, for never before were there BO many peers on the stump in England. If the house of lords ever gets com plete control of the British constitu tion it certainly will knock out the clause protecting the booers and tho • hecklers. Tomorrow— English Klrellonn V—Tho Brit lull wpfllhlndem. | pay. generally not till a man has been Working tor about six weeks. Then they pay for ono month, leaving the other two weeks still due and very often paid. If the men ask for any money before the regular time the chances are they get fired, and yet have to wait till the expiration of the six weeks or more for their pay, and if they can't afford to stay in the Im mediate neighborhood the chances are they will Irtrjg^ ByRNES . GETS EXAMPLE OF BURDEN OF INIQUITOUS TARIFF SOLDIERS' HOME, Jan. 22.—[Edi tor Herald!: Some time ago I sent the following letter to a paper of which I have been a reader for many years. As it has been ignored altogether, per haps you can give me the desired in formation: ■, .- " ".. _. To the Editor: For a long time I have been a constant reader of >•(>■.:„' paper and have always subscribed blindly to its teachings, because I con sidered it an Infallible guide. When you said that the tariff was no bur den to me because the foreigner paid it I accepted the Idea without ques tion.- imagine, if yot* can, the shock 1 received upon seeing the following advertisement in a recent issue of your J°Urnal: MANILA SEGARS DUTY FREE 75 PER CENT REDUCTION ' Before with duty 10c each, now 3 for 10c. Before with duty .2 for 25c, now Bo each. Before with duty 25c each, now 4 for 25c. . •■'.-."" If the foreigner . paid the duty, how does it come that I can now get three or four cigars under free trade, when for • the same > amount ;of money I could get ■ but one when we had a tariff on Manila cigars? BEWILDERED REPUBLICAN.