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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVKKV MORNING DX THE 11KKALD CO. '-iS'IIOMAS E. GIBBON President I RANK B. WOLFE Managing Editor THOMAS J. FOLDING.. .Business Manager DAVID G. B.Vll-I.IJS Associate Editor Entered as second-class matter at tho postofflce In Los Angeles. OLDEST MOBMIKa PAPER IN ■■ LOS ANGELES. Founded Oct. J. 187*. Thirty-sixth year. Chamber of Commerce building. Phonos: Sunset Mala 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratic newspaper In South ern California receiving lull Associated Press reports. NEWS SERVICE — of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25,000 words a day. RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a month I .40 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months t 1.20 Daily, by malt or carrier, six month*.. .2.35 Dally, by mail or carrier, one year 4.t0 Sunday Herald, one year ....2.00 Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. ' THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles Mid Southern Call fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will fin-' The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herall can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. B. and J. Hardy & Co., 80, II and 32 Fleet street London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager. __ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN ||VESTLGiAIIULLA)f? H RETRORSUM fi) AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM— MASON—'Vasta BUM." BIRBANK— Crisis." BEL4SCO— Spendthrift." MAJESTIC —"An American Lord" OKPHEUM— Vaudeville. —"Woodland." LOS ASGKTXS— OLTMPIC—Musical burlesque. FISCHER'S —Musical burlesque. WALKER—Melodrama. VXlQl'E—Melodrama. AERIAL CARRIERS CLIFFORD B. HARMON paid a tribute to Prof. I,owe and Pasa dena when he said: "You people in Pasadena have the greatest oppor tunity you ever had to make your city famous the world over. You have one of the greatest inventors in the world. He has made good. He is a genius. Jlis fame in manufacture of gas has placed his name among the great men of the world. He has an idea for an airship. I have gone over his plans, and they are excellent. They are prac tical, and if put into force will bring forth one of the greatest aircraft ever invented to date. "The aeroplane en a make swift flights and carry a few passengers or a li^ht load, but for commercial purposes the balloon airship must be used. Prof. Lowe has the idea for an airship that will carry great loads." Perhaps there is something signifi cant in the fact that the aerial freight carrier should be thought out in South ern California. Constantly defending its interests against the tyranny of freight rates, this section of the coun try has an especial incentive to aerial invention. When a practical man like Mr. Harmon assures us, with enthus iasm, that Southern California In the Lowe airship possesses a practicable freight carrier, it would be to the ad vantage of all whose Industry is sub ject to the influence of railway rate taxation to bring the airship into prac tical, everyday use as soon as possible. This should be done, and will be done. Another Los Angeles inventor has per fected plans for a rigid dirigible that the best engineers in the community have pronounced scientifically correct and feasible in every wi^y. Speed the day of aerial navigationl PARCELS POST BY the menace to the prosperity of periodicals caused by inert postal lates the l'undam questions of parcels post and of regu lation of railroad rates are brought to the front. Most of the European coun tries have parcels post. Why has it not been established in the American republic? Tho matter has 'jeen talked of. aired, agitated in the newspapers and congress over and over again. But when it has been introduced for con ual discussion or action, activity has been mysteriously suppressed. A writer in the American Maga/.in. --t. Us ux why: "A friend of ours in Washington wished to see a consular report from Germany on th post "f thai < ountry. He had been privately informed that it had been •I. It did not appear. Finally, however, a proof frurn the government printing office was ■■ d, and on it were these words: 'Withheld at (he reg of Mr. Platt.' " This was no other than Senator Plat! of New York, president of the United States Express company. If consular reports on foreign parcels post service • obtained and publi leople of the United States would Insl t that our government proceed at once to equip itsnlf v Ii this important branch ot public service. ANTI-TRUST MOVEMENT SUBJECTED to discipline by an irate nation the meat trust Is facing a crisis greater than any strike with which it has ever had to deal. That the American people would sooner or later rebel against one of the most flagrant injustices that oppress them was to be expected. They saw the price of provisions going up, up, up. They foresee a con tinuation of the upward trend HI the magnates who control prices are brought to their senses. The American nation can get along more easily with out meat than without any other ar ticle of diet. Cereals of all kinds are abundant, and California alone, if it should becomo worth while to culti vate it "by the inch," can supply enough fruit anil vegetables to feed the United Statei. Popular Ideas on the subject of diet might be revised if not reformed by an entire suspension of meat-eating. Othor nations have thrived and pros pered and have done some of their best work on vegetarian and fish diet. Japan is an example frequently cited, but there is an Instance among our Caucasian kith and kin. For years Scotland was practically on a vege tarian basis, using, like Japan, Bomo fish to "help out" cereals and eggs. During its non-meat-eating days the Scottish race was at Its best. If It has not fallen away from "standard" in the days of meat-eating, at any rate it has not been improved. Meat has entered more largely Into the diet of the United States than of any other country. Many people have come to believe meat is indispensable to existence. Such people will be sur prised to find a "Japanese diet" will give health and strength, physical and mental vitality to the "big white man" as well as "the little brown man." A successful attack on the policies of the beef trust will be the beginning of the end of all the trusts. Popular agreement to 6top using: trust prod ucts will be a highly effective method of bringing "magnates" to their senses. The people of the United States are not compelled to use trust products and don't really need to v.se them. Some people may object to the Itrtm uousness of the method proposed for combating the beef trust; but they should be reminded fire may be fought with fire when there isn't a supply of water. Since less sitrenucus methods have failed to curb the trust's ra pacity, a food rebellion may produce the desired result. INCONSISTENCY IN THE Times appears this slate- I ment: "One reason why Uncle Sam \ makes his own electricity for the White House is that it costs'him only about one-fourth as much as if be bought it." That is an excellent reason, and sure ly does not need to be apologized for. Our contemporary concedes the point which has been demonstrated In the columns of this and of other progress ive newspapers, that official ownership or municipal ownership of public utili ties is vastly superior to the old-fash ioned, graft-inviting plnn of letting or selling franchises, and then purchasing from the companies or persona to whom the control of various necessities and utilities has been thus given such quan tities of the necessity or utility as are needed by the lessor or grantor of the privilege, at prices determined (to a great extent and sometimes altogether) by the lessee. Is it not a ridiculous proposition on the face of it? The same national government, which finds it to its advantage in the ratio of four to one to manufacture the elec tricity for the -White House, allows a private company to furnish that very Important applied use of electricity called "telegraphy," or in plain English, quick communication, it also allows private companies to own and . all the great rapid transit highways of the nation. In fact, the railroad com panies have made our rapid transit highways private roads, and the amount of toll or the rate charged by them is excessive and leaves altogether out of consideration the fact that they are heavily benefited by the enjoyment of the private usufruct of the public roads. Is it not a ridiculous proposition on the face of it? .Some newspapers and many Republi can! roar "confiscation" and "Social ism" as soon as common sense dares to make the suggestion of municipal own ership, state ownership, national own erahip. According to these pm-.i- Kons of inconsistency, who praise the White House system but would re fuse to acknowledge its superiority when applied generally, it is all right for the nation to own the mail carrying service, but all wrong for the inatlon to own any other convenience or utility, even though such convenience or utility be so closely associated in the . scheme of usefulness of the mail car rying system (or popular inteicommu- ideation system) as to be practically part and parcel of the general scheme.. How can such inconsistency he ex plained? Is it not ridiculous on the face of it? BANISH BILLBOARDS ILLBOARDS are not a neces r\ sity of trade. There are •*-' plenty of reliable advertising mediums. Billboard advertising is a crude and primitive form of publicity atavistic advertising, so to speak. We hope this peculiar demonstration of atavism will not be tolerated in other wise Lovely Los Angeles. The mer chants and business men of this com munity will reader great service to Los Angeles by uniting in an anti billboard crusade. It the merchants make up their mind the nuisance must be abated, it will not last long. We believe public sentiment Is prao tlcally unanimous on this bul>;> cltlzi n "i 1 I who cikc s pride in iin- metropolis does not de ■plaa that hideous by-produat of "yel lim" ..it- yelly) publicity called IJUI -buard ' art." LOS ANGELES HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 1010. BUILDERS' TRUST? GREATER LbS ANGELES is a city of homes. Jt Invites, nay. urgM people in all other parts of the United States to come here and build. Much encouragpment was givnn to the homeseelcer of small means by bulld- ing and loan associations, private building syndicates, and contractors who were willing to sell houses on installment iian. This concession to the capital limi tations of the average citizen was not • philanthropy. It was good, sound business policy, and has been reward ed in the growth and prosperity of this city, and in the existence of a spirit of local pride and patriotism mora gen uine and more, fervid than can l a found in any other community. Many of our citizens have an actual personal buaineta interest in the pros perity of Los Angeles. Home owner! take an ACTIVK pride in the well being and good management of the affairs of a city that could hardly be expected from a community of renten and boarders. Xow, any action that ; ftejets this condition of keen ACTIVE Interest in the affairs of Los Angeles is a menace to the prosperity of Los Angeles, and we hold such a menace will be creati <i should the members of the buildings trade that an- said to be in a kind Of a combine be allowed to continue to act in concert. Already this combine lias caused an increase in the price of building material, amounting to 15 per cont, r.nd the increase is equiva lent to p.n istacle interposed to hin der many very desirable citizens and settlers from building homes. It is well worth -while to make a special effort to break up this com bine before the interests of Los An geles are permanently injured by a setback in the home building indus try. The truth might be elicited ami the plans of certain schemers frus trated were the district attorney to summon some of the alleged offenders before the grand jury. Investigation would probably result in a rapid re turn of prices of material to normal. What is the district attorney going to do about it? HIGH PRICES A CONTEMPORARY argues prices are high "because people have the money and wish to pay high in iocs." still, is it not a fact that there are more people in the United States dependent on small salaries and meager wages than there are people of inde pendent means? If we are to believe the well-to-do are responsible for the high prices, then we have a right lo a.-k what business they have, in a re public like this, to set a pace which injures their fellow citizens I.' From 1898 to 1907 the price of Earn) products throughout the United States was increased by 43 per cent, metals by 66 per cent, lumber and building ma terials 58 per cent, food 25 per cent, manufactured commodities 38 per cent.' 1 When the necessaries of life are in creased in ((rice and life itself is do creased in price (on account of reduc tion of wages and salaries), where is the proof of the existence of prosperity? That is to say, prosperity for the peo ple? The country is prosperous. But many of the inhabitants are expending their time, talent ami nervous energy in a Struggle for existence. In spite of the wealth and prosperity of tho United States, many citizens are harassed by the. difficulty of making provision for bare subsistence of their families. Is this popular prosperity? In the (Jnßed Statts prosperity, like govern ment, should be democratic, of the peo ple, by tin- people and for the people. Our comet is the advance agent of 11 alley's comet, which la said to bo a ripper. 'with a tall that makes Pain's ■jyrote/ihnlei luok like a tallow t dip. The Stork's Dilemma HOG IN MANGER TIT HEN the Southern Pacific rr.il 11' road obtained control of vnl uable public property by prom ising to build a railway station that would be a credit to Los Angeles, and that would replace the dismal horror that now chills the heart of the arriv ing tourist, it was believed an effort would 1»' made to redeem the promise. Tho late Mr. Harriman when inter viewed on the subject—de mortuis nil nisi bonum. But we believe he might well have been accused of temporizing, lie always spoke as if his promise must wait on certain conditions of profit for the railroad which must be. attained to, pleading: now one expense, now an other, as excuse for keeping back the building of the depot. This policy hns been inherited by his successors, and we think if any of them were pinned in a corner and compelled to give a fair and square and explicit and straightforward reply to th.-. question "When do you Intend to make good? When do you intend to give Los Angeles the railway Sta tion you owe it?" he would give Taft'S answer; "Cod knows." Under the circumstances, why Los Angeles should feel "in honor bound" to allow the Southern Pacific to hold on to property—"Taft's answer." The S. P. is nut :i clog in the manger, but a hog in the manger. The house committee on postoffires and post roads is hearing som,e plain talk from prominent publishers, and is it not time for plain talk? The great est industry in the United States is threatened by a governmental gouge proposed by a pack of ignorant, pin head politicians. That's the plain lan guage of it. Architectural exhibition is being at tended by big crowds. The «rehitects of Greater Los Angeles are among the finest in the world, and much or the splendid general appearance of our magnificent city is accounted for by the artistic vigilance which is the price of municipal symmetry. Success of the British Liberals, or I even a successful pan-Radical parlia mentary coalition, will mean the biggest political "scrap" the world has beheld in fifty years. It is again a question of abolition, but this time the abolition ists demand abolition of the house} of peers. Many people who refused to become vegetarians from principle are Joining the ranks as a practical measure of self-protection. All flesh Is grass, any way. We might as well eat it in the primitive state as submit to the exac tions of the' beef trust. Investigation of city departments? No honest official fears Investigation. If you hear anyone protesting hysteric ally "There is no need of investigation," investigate him first of all. Every now and then someone sug gests that Los Angeles should establish a museum of antiquities. What's the use, when she has the Arcade station? i 'an you beat it? Hooray! Somebody in Oivuter Los Angeles was responsible tor tho great quad hoax —the biggest and best na ture take ever perpetrated, Another record broken. "Build the station or give back the Thai's the language the H. P. might understand. La Belle Prance, per capita the rich ■ st country in the world, is in a state of liquidation. Tin. houseboat fad has now become a practical necessity In France. Banish the billboards. They disgrace L.V3 AnuelCß. Public Letter Box TO COUKfc.-I'ONOl'.MS—Letters Intruded (or publication must be uccompanled by the mum uhi ailure>M of the Mian J'ne H .kid lilies tiis widest ln:ii°: V to correspondents tut assume* no responsibility /or their vi«»», TRANSIENT SAYS CONDITION HAS ROOT IN COMMON GREED LO* ANGELES, .Inn. 28.—[Editor Herald]: The utter futility oi' this pro posed meat boycott makes one wonder at tho people who flock after il. Aside from the fact of "making a kick," It will simply result in making a lot of Innocent people suffer and no I reach the men at whom it is aimed at all. I am fully aware of the unpopularity nf (he person who refuses to join a "hue and cry 11 ami wants to know why, but with this knowledge I see the condi tions far too serious to be satisfied with a howl that will last a few days, until you newspaper men find a new sensation to exploit. The most it ran do to the men who direct the policy of any of the big meat packing plants will be to rut down their liilO income from, say, $100,000 to How much will they care for thai? But how about tho thousands Ql families that will suffer cruelly because the bread winner is out of work for sixty days while the plant is shut down? Did that mass meeting take any action tonight to provide for the support of these? Again, meat is not the whole of our life ami needs. Let us look at eggs. If your hens were laying an extra dozen or two would you begin to talk about the law of supply and demand and Charge every cent you could set for them, or would you think of the high prices of pro visions and sell them for 1 cent each? I could not help wondering whether that lawyer and doctor who spoke to night always asked their patrons how able they are to pay fees and gauged their fees In harmony with the answer. !:" assured, good peopUe, W rev eer.t of you are Just as selfish as the meat packers are, and would force the last penny were you in their places, just ;•: you do now—and this Is the proof of it that you do now. No small part of the movement wan backed by the financial secretaries of the local unions. How many of them have offered to lower their salaries by a dollar, even during strike times? One article referred to the carloads of vegetables and fruit? dumped into tho at San Francisco to keep the prices up. Wicked enough in all conscience, as the "last penny" idea ever is; but, reader, would your policy be any dif ferent? Is not your policy, first, last and all the time, to get every possible cent out or your labor, produce, or whatever thing you possess and want to sell to another? That is just the policy that makes the meat people get as much for their meat as they can, and until you are willing to change your greed to gen erosity do have the decency to keep still about others. Just as sure as the sun shines, this meat boycott will have no lasting effect on the pikes of provisions, and as cer tainly will only hurt the poor people who earn their living in the packing plants. GEO. M. PARKER, A Transient. DEFENSE OF CHURCH BRINGS FORTH ANOTHER CRITICISM LOS ANGELKS, Jan. L'j.—[Editor Herald]: Criticism of the church Is not criticism of Christianity. Instead o? trying to defend the course of the church why do not clergymen concen trate, their efforts toward pointing out the mistakes of the church, thereby trying to make it a useful, human in stitution? Last Sunday one of our pronilaent clergymen asserted that the church had not failed in its duty as re gard! social questions, showing where the members visited poor farms, dis trlbuti d charity, etc. One might as well (ay that it would be consistent for a person or an institution to encourage sume great battle or wholesale slaugh ter and then go about and minister to the wounded—patting themselves on the back nil the time and saying "How "Mi and charitable I am." 1 do not think it can be disputed that the church has encouraged conditions which havo made poor farms and char ity necefisary. The church In England has encouraged the holding of the land thereby depriving ths many o( means of livelihood, at the Kime tlmu saying "The poor you tiavo with you always," and encouraging the "lidy bountiful" to Bmilo complacently in admiration of The English Elections VIII—The Tariff Reform Issue Frederic J. Haskin I [Lmipni. ■!PNP"W —The phrase "tariff | lIjSJI reform" In English politics Erf means exactly the opposite reform" in English politics means exactly the opposite oC Ifc '■'Ml "hat it means In the United E _*_Jf state In England the "tariff ' llfegggjll reformers" are those Who pro pose to establish protection as the guiding principle of the British cus toms system Instead of free trade. The principle of free trade, for which the Anti-Corn Laws league, under the leadership of Cobiien and Bright, made such a memorable fight, has been ac cepted for many decades as the settled policy .of the United Kingdom. In America the "tariff reformers" are those who believe In a reduction of the tariff duties from a proeteotlve princi ple to a merely revenue scale, or to I free trade; although they have been almost entirely swallowed up by the "tariff revisionists," who believe in a reduction of the tariff duties, but in maintaining the protective principle. Customs duties in England are laid on spirits, tobacco, sugar, tea and other non-competing articles. It Is the nearest approach to free trade existing In any great nation. The first noto of dissatisfaction with the: system was sounded In Birmingham about seven or eight years ago, and in 1903 Jo seph Chamberlain organized the Tariff Reform league. This organization, working Independently of party be cause neither Conservatives nor Lib erals would have anything to do with it, has succeeded in creating a great public sentiment in favor of protection. The result of the present election c in not properly be construed to be the verdict of the people on this question, since so many other issues were in volved. But It is not to be disputed , that Mr. Chamberlain and his Tariff Kefqrm league were successful In forc ing the Conservative party to adopt tariff reform as its chief slogan in the battle against the budget. f ■> • • , "Hands off the People's Food!" "Tax Land, Not Loaves!" These and similar cries from the Radicals were met by Tory arguments: "Tax the foreigner!" "Tariff reform means better times." "Protection means higher wages and more work." Everywhere and all the time during the campaign the tariff was a live question. When the Liberal speakers denounced the house of lords, almost the only hostile remarks from the audience would be from some en- thuslastlc believer in protection. It is not the intention to discuss In thti article the relative meritH ol* tariff reform and free trade in England, but the American onlooker could not fail to lie amused by the campaign conducted for and against protection. Jt was like a moving picture review of all that lias been said and done about the tariff In America from the time of the Walker tariff to the day of the Payne-Aldri.-h act. The tariff reformers, which means practically all of the Conservatives, ad vanced two reasons and one excuse for their new faith In protection. They de clared it necessary to protect British manufacturers from the competition of products of cheap factories and poorly paid labor of other countries; they de clared it the part of wisdom to tax the foreigner Instead of the Englishman; and they said it-was a substitute for the land tii.vs and other objectionable lea lures nf the budget. In support of these doctrines, with amusing incon sistency but not without distinguished precedent, they appealed to the voters by speeches, by posters, by leaflets and by songs to support the Conservatives I becaunse the Liberal government had I taxed tobacco and beer. The Liberals, in opposing the pro tective idea, made the most of the pro posed taxrs on breadstuff, and de voted most of their argument to the COSi of bread. "Tax land, not loaves," was the burden of their song. "Tariff reform will make happier dukes," screamed the posters, developing the charge that the dukes, objecting to the tax on their lands, wanted pro tection in order to put the tax on the, poor man's lc '. The liberals shouted that England had grown to be the greatest manufacturing nation and the richest nation on earth under free trade-, and then, with that delightful inconsistency which seems to attend both sides of a tariff light, they de clared that England was already ground into poverty by the landlords and could not afford to bear another penny of taxation. The Liberal speaker! could justify their demand for relief of the poor, and maintain that English laborers wore the best paid i the world, all in the same speech, without any ap parent effort. The Conservative speak ers, equally resourceful, found no dif ficulty whatever in explaining that a tariff duty on wheat cnuld not possi bly increase the price of bread, since the tax is paid by the foreigner, and in the sam» speech denouncing, the government for increasing the cost of the poor man's tobacco by the impo sition of a higher customs duty. • • * The United Stales and Germany, as the two greatest high protective tariff cou-' rics, were used freely by both parties to prove every side of every question. The Conservatives said protection would mean high wages and herself :is the carries soup and flannel to the poor who have been made pooc by her kind and the church. If the church had not departed from the teachings of the Founder of Christian ity there would be no poor. VERA FIDELIA. CHINESE SAMARITANS ARE ALWAYS READY WITH HELP PASADENA, Jan. 24.—[Editor Her ald]! Mr. Stone is right. We should cast out first the beam that ia in our own eye and then we Can lee clearly to pull tho mote out of our brother Chinaman's eye. As conditions are to day the beam in our "own eye is big enough to demand our entire atten tion. Take the story of the good Sa maritan and apply It to modern condi tions. Mr. Liscoinb. if you were to Journey from Los Angeles to Santa Monica and should fall among thieves, be robbed and left to die, and should a Chinese from the Sherman vegetable gardens find you, he and his fellow workmen would act the part of tho good Samaritan. Recent events prove that thesn men cm be depended on to do the right thing. Should you fall by the wayside on Orange Grove avenue (Paradise mile Of millionaires) you would probably tali- ai a sick workman did not long ago. Many high priests passed by—on the other side. At last a Levite looked upon him and telephoned the police and they locked him up as a vagrant until he was identified. Would you advise another nation to t;.ke care of her sick that Wfcy? Why tell the story of the good Samaritan to a people that are already following his exapmle closer than some of our own people? Here In Los Angeles, and I am given to understand that It Is tho same everywhere among tho Chines c. once S year the more fortu- ChineM shares his savings with hla less fortunate brother. Isn't that the Golden Kuie put into practice? It certainly looks inoro like tho Golden Rule, than to have one man get forty- f plenty of jobs, in support of which I statement they referred to the work- C Ingman in the United' States, always 1 with work to do and always getting f fabulously high wages. The Liberals - retorted with the statement that the ! cost of living was so high in America ■ that the difference in wages was real • ly in favor of tho British workman, i and denying that the Americans al v ways had Jobs. Some of them went ' far enough to say that there were as ■ many /Unemployed In the United States ' 'as in England. To this the Conser -1 vatlves replied that the farms of the 1 south and west In America always ' | needed laborers; thereby bringing ' down upon their heads the wrathy de ' mands of the Liberals that the land In ' England be opened to opportunity for ' i small farmers. 1 At the close of the campaign' the ' whole issue seemed to be centered in , i the great black bread question. The 1 Liberal speakers and press charged ' , that protection would mean black , bread and horse flesh for the work ■ Ingmen, as is eaten in protected Ger . many. Ignoring the horse tlesh the i entire Conservative campaign took UP . cudgels in defense of black bread. A grocer, "by special appointment to bis ' majesty, the king," testified that the king ate black rye bread. The Con servative papers all said that what was good enough for the king was good enough for the likes of Lloyd- George, and that that ought to settle it. But the radicals kept up the out cry against black bread, and appar ently the entire English public cen tered all its thought on the relative merits of wheat and rye bread. A feature of the tariff reform cam paign was the opening of "dumping shops" in various cities alt over the country. An empty storeroom would be hired and its windows filled with all sorts of imported manufactured . goods, all of which came Into England free of duty. The public was invited, by placard,- to estimate how much British workmen got for making these American shoes, or these German cooking utensils, or this French fab ric, and the like. The argument was clinched by placards showing how many Jobs would be given to British workmen at so much wages if all these things were kept out by a protective tariff. • • ■ These "dumping shops" made a pow . erful appeal to the people and they i set the other side wild with anger and despair. There has been a long cam paign of advertising in England in fa i vor of British made goods and it has j had a profound effect. Everywhere one ■ sees appeals for patronage on the pa triotic grounds of suporting home in dustries and employing home labor. The "dumping shops" took advantage of this sentiment. In Leicester the Liberals played a ■harp trick on the Tories. They rent ed the upper story of the "dumping shop" and covered it over with pla cards which explained the exhibits in the window to be a powerful argument In favor of free trade. The* voter - might stand outside, see the foreign goods and then by the two sets of pla cards reach the conclusion that tar iff reform would either save or wreck the nation. In London one "dumping shop" dis played a chair -marked with a card, "Made in U. S. A." It developed that the chair was of a particular sort made only in a factory in the imme diate neighborhood. Workmen from the chair factory identified the chair and forced the tariff reformers to take it out of the window. That particular "dumping shop" at once fell into dis repute. • • • ■ Almost every Englishman who has been in the United States lias written a card to the newspapers some tlmo during this campaign for the purpose of comparing prices In the two coun tries. They were about equally di vided in the opinion as to which coun try has the higher prices. One letter writer said that he had lived in the United States with his family for sev enteen years and that while he al ways had his clothes made in England because he liked the fit his old London tailor gave him, yet he had bought a suit of clothes In Atlanta for $9.75 which was perfectly good. He did not give the Atlanta tailor's name and ad dress. Of course each side has accused the other of all shades and degrees of demagogy, perhaps not Without reason. The Liberals used hundreds of thou sands of a leaflet which reads, after giving statistics from various coun tries: "Protection means less wages for ' a longer day's work." And the Con servatives counted as a trump card their leaflet which bore the legend: "Dearer baccy, dearer . bread, dearer HYing, dearer dead; dearer whisky, beer and gin, Is what you get when the Rads. are in." "Vote for tariff re form. The foreigner pays the tax." Tariff campaigns appear to be con ducted on the same general lines in all countries. Tomorrow —The Kncllsh Election!. IX—How the Parties I'ight. two millions a year and thousands of his brothers to stand in -the bread line every night. The Chinese empire has lasted for many centuries. How long do you think this nation will last under a misrule like that of the Cannon-Ald iiih combination? The trust magnate will destroy this country much quicker than the oli garchy did Rome. Let China Uone. She has outlived many so-called civilized nations, Br" how long will she live as ii nation after we have forced on her our class legislation, our graft, our white slavery and our sensuality, after we teach her to send her sub jects who steal food to jail, and those who steal railroads and cities to con (TMs; after we teach her to feed her soldiers upon embalmed beef? J. B. SMITH. FINDS FOOD PRICE AFFECTED BY TREND OF POPULATION SAX OABfUBL, Jan. 25.—[Editor Herald]: The real reason for the pres ent high prices of food is not to bo found in combines or In trusts. While add some to it. tho real cause! why we pay so much for our food now , because of the great influx of pop ulation to the cities. When Huh spring*! census is published it will doubtless show the cities have in , .I from DO to 100 per cent in the decade, while the country districts will not show over 20 per cent. Tho land has be«n lKfgleeted, and whllo Ountry at large is producing more stuff than ever before, yet it does not produce the proportion that is re quired of It to keep the prices down. Until we can turn tho attention of the labor of the nation to leave the and go out on the land and work, not until then will prices to tiny material extent decrease. All the othor agitations will be futile. Watch the census and see if this is not cor rect. A. Q. ST. GEORGE.