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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, January 29, 1910, Image 4

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Los Angeles Herald
'-iS'IIOMAS E. GIBBON President
I RANK B. WOLFE Managing Editor
THOMAS J. FOLDING.. .Business Manager
DAVID G. B.Vll-I.IJS Associate Editor
Entered as second-class matter at tho
postofflce In Los Angeles.
Founded Oct. J. 187*. Thirty-sixth year.
Chamber of Commerce building.
Phonos: Sunset Mala 8000; Home 10211.
The only Democratic newspaper In South
ern California receiving lull Associated Press
NEWS SERVICE — of the Asso
ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver
aging 25,000 words a day.
Dally, by mall or carrier, a month I .40
Dally, by mall or carrier, three months t 1.20
Daily, by malt or carrier, six month*.. .2.35
Dally, by mail or carrier, one year 4.t0
Sunday Herald, one year ....2.00
Postage free In United States and Mexico;
elsewhere postage added. '
OAKLAND—Los Angeles Mid Southern Call
fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak
land will fin-' The Herald on sale at the
news stands In the San Francisco ferry
building and on the streets In Oakland by
Wheatley and by Amos News Co.
A file of The Los Angeles Herall can be
seen at the office of our English represen
tatives. Messrs. B. and J. Hardy & Co., 80,
II and 32 Fleet street London, England, free
of charge, and that firm will be glad to re
ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements
on our behalf.
On all matters pertaining to advertising
address Charles R. Gates, advertising man
ager. __
Population of Los Angeles 327,685
MASON—'Vasta BUM."
BIRBANK— Crisis."
BEL4SCO— Spendthrift."
MAJESTIC —"An American Lord"
OKPHEUM— Vaudeville.
OLTMPIC—Musical burlesque.
FISCHER'S —Musical burlesque.
tribute to Prof. I,owe and Pasa
dena when he said: "You people
in Pasadena have the greatest oppor
tunity you ever had to make your city
famous the world over. You have one
of the greatest inventors in the world.
He has made good. He is a genius.
Jlis fame in manufacture of gas has
placed his name among the great men
of the world. He has an idea for an
airship. I have gone over his plans,
and they are excellent. They are prac
tical, and if put into force will bring
forth one of the greatest aircraft ever
invented to date.
"The aeroplane en a make swift flights
and carry a few passengers or a li^ht
load, but for commercial purposes the
balloon airship must be used. Prof.
Lowe has the idea for an airship that
will carry great loads."
Perhaps there is something signifi
cant in the fact that the aerial freight
carrier should be thought out in South
ern California. Constantly defending
its interests against the tyranny of
freight rates, this section of the coun
try has an especial incentive to aerial
invention. When a practical man like
Mr. Harmon assures us, with enthus
iasm, that Southern California In the
Lowe airship possesses a practicable
freight carrier, it would be to the ad
vantage of all whose Industry is sub
ject to the influence of railway rate
taxation to bring the airship into prac
tical, everyday use as soon as possible.
This should be done, and will be done.
Another Los Angeles inventor has per
fected plans for a rigid dirigible that
the best engineers in the community
have pronounced scientifically correct
and feasible in every wi^y. Speed the
day of aerial navigationl
BY the menace to the prosperity of
periodicals caused by inert
postal lates the l'undam
questions of parcels post and of regu
lation of railroad rates are brought to
the front. Most of the European coun
tries have parcels post. Why has it
not been established in the American
republic? Tho matter has 'jeen talked
of. aired, agitated in the newspapers
and congress over and over again. But
when it has been introduced for con
ual discussion or action, activity
has been mysteriously suppressed.
A writer in the American Maga/.in.
--t. Us ux why: "A friend of ours in
Washington wished to see a consular
report from Germany on th
post "f thai < ountry. He had been
privately informed that it had been
•I. It did not appear. Finally,
however, a proof frurn the government
printing office was ■■ d, and on it were
these words: 'Withheld at (he reg
of Mr. Platt.' "
This was no other than Senator Plat!
of New York, president of the United
States Express company. If consular
reports on foreign parcels post service
• obtained and publi leople
of the United States would Insl t that
our government proceed at once to
equip itsnlf v Ii this important branch
ot public service.
SUBJECTED to discipline by an
irate nation the meat trust Is
facing a crisis greater than any
strike with which it has ever had to
deal. That the American people
would sooner or later rebel against
one of the most flagrant injustices
that oppress them was to be expected.
They saw the price of provisions
going up, up, up. They foresee a con
tinuation of the upward trend HI
the magnates who control prices are
brought to their senses. The American
nation can get along more easily with
out meat than without any other ar
ticle of diet. Cereals of all kinds are
abundant, and California alone, if it
should becomo worth while to culti
vate it "by the inch," can supply
enough fruit anil vegetables to feed
the United Statei.
Popular Ideas on the subject of diet
might be revised if not reformed by
an entire suspension of meat-eating.
Othor nations have thrived and pros
pered and have done some of their
best work on vegetarian and fish diet.
Japan is an example frequently cited,
but there is an Instance among our
Caucasian kith and kin. For years
Scotland was practically on a vege
tarian basis, using, like Japan, Bomo
fish to "help out" cereals and eggs.
During its non-meat-eating days the
Scottish race was at Its best. If It
has not fallen away from "standard"
in the days of meat-eating, at any
rate it has not been improved.
Meat has entered more largely Into
the diet of the United States than of
any other country. Many people have
come to believe meat is indispensable
to existence. Such people will be sur
prised to find a "Japanese diet" will
give health and strength, physical and
mental vitality to the "big white man"
as well as "the little brown man."
A successful attack on the policies
of the beef trust will be the beginning
of the end of all the trusts. Popular
agreement to 6top using: trust prod
ucts will be a highly effective method
of bringing "magnates" to their senses.
The people of the United States are
not compelled to use trust products
and don't really need to v.se them.
Some people may object to the Itrtm
uousness of the method proposed for
combating the beef trust; but they
should be reminded fire may be fought
with fire when there isn't a supply of
water. Since less sitrenucus methods
have failed to curb the trust's ra
pacity, a food rebellion may produce
the desired result.
IN THE Times appears this slate- I
ment: "One reason why Uncle Sam \
makes his own electricity for the
White House is that it costs'him only
about one-fourth as much as if be
bought it."
That is an excellent reason, and sure
ly does not need to be apologized for.
Our contemporary concedes the point
which has been demonstrated In the
columns of this and of other progress
ive newspapers, that official ownership
or municipal ownership of public utili
ties is vastly superior to the old-fash
ioned, graft-inviting plnn of letting or
selling franchises, and then purchasing
from the companies or persona to whom
the control of various necessities and
utilities has been thus given such quan
tities of the necessity or utility as are
needed by the lessor or grantor of the
privilege, at prices determined (to a
great extent and sometimes altogether)
by the lessee. Is it not a ridiculous
proposition on the face of it?
The same national government, which
finds it to its advantage in the ratio of
four to one to manufacture the elec
tricity for the -White House, allows a
private company to furnish that very
Important applied use of electricity
called "telegraphy," or in plain English,
quick communication, it also allows
private companies to own and .
all the great rapid transit highways of
the nation. In fact, the railroad com
panies have made our rapid transit
highways private roads, and the
amount of toll or the rate charged by
them is excessive and leaves altogether
out of consideration the fact that they
are heavily benefited by the enjoyment
of the private usufruct of the public
roads. Is it not a ridiculous proposition
on the face of it?
.Some newspapers and many Republi
can! roar "confiscation" and "Social
ism" as soon as common sense dares to
make the suggestion of municipal own
ership, state ownership, national own
erahip. According to these pm-.i-
Kons of inconsistency, who praise
the White House system but would re
fuse to acknowledge its superiority
when applied generally, it is all right
for the nation to own the mail carrying
service, but all wrong for the inatlon to
own any other convenience or utility,
even though such convenience or utility
be so closely associated in the .
scheme of usefulness of the mail car
rying system (or popular inteicommu-
ideation system) as to be practically
part and parcel of the general scheme..
How can such inconsistency he ex
plained? Is it not ridiculous on the
face of it?
ILLBOARDS are not a neces
r\ sity of trade. There are
•*-' plenty of reliable advertising
mediums. Billboard advertising is a
crude and primitive form of publicity
atavistic advertising, so to speak. We
hope this peculiar demonstration of
atavism will not be tolerated in other
wise Lovely Los Angeles. The mer
chants and business men of this com
munity will reader great service to
Los Angeles by uniting in an anti
billboard crusade. It the merchants
make up their mind the nuisance must
be abated, it will not last long.
We believe public sentiment Is prao
tlcally unanimous on this bul>;>
cltlzi n "i 1 I who cikc s
pride in iin- metropolis does not de
■plaa that hideous by-produat of "yel
lim" ..it- yelly) publicity called IJUI
-buard ' art."
of homes. Jt Invites, nay. urgM
people in all other parts of the
United States to come here and build.
Much encouragpment was givnn to the
homeseelcer of small means by bulld-
ing and loan associations, private
building syndicates, and contractors
who were willing to sell houses on
installment iian.
This concession to the capital limi
tations of the average citizen was not
• philanthropy. It was good, sound
business policy, and has been reward
ed in the growth and prosperity of this
city, and in the existence of a spirit
of local pride and patriotism mora gen
uine and more, fervid than can l a
found in any other community.
Many of our citizens have an actual
personal buaineta interest in the pros
perity of Los Angeles. Home owner!
take an ACTIVK pride in the well
being and good management of the
affairs of a city that could hardly be
expected from a community of renten
and boarders.
Xow, any action that ; ftejets this
condition of keen ACTIVE Interest in
the affairs of Los Angeles is a menace
to the prosperity of Los Angeles, and
we hold such a menace will be creati <i
should the members of the buildings
trade that an- said to be in a kind Of
a combine be allowed to continue to
act in concert. Already this combine
lias caused an increase in the price
of building material, amounting to 15
per cont, r.nd the increase is equiva
lent to p.n istacle interposed to hin
der many very desirable citizens and
settlers from building homes.
It is well worth -while to make a
special effort to break up this com
bine before the interests of Los An
geles are permanently injured by a
setback in the home building indus
try. The truth might be elicited ami
the plans of certain schemers frus
trated were the district attorney to
summon some of the alleged offenders
before the grand jury. Investigation
would probably result in a rapid re
turn of prices of material to normal.
What is the district attorney going to
do about it?
A CONTEMPORARY argues prices
are high "because people have the
money and wish to pay high
in iocs." still, is it not a fact that there
are more people in the United States
dependent on small salaries and meager
wages than there are people of inde
pendent means? If we are to believe
the well-to-do are responsible for the
high prices, then we have a right lo
a.-k what business they have, in a re
public like this, to set a pace which
injures their fellow citizens I.'
From 1898 to 1907 the price of Earn)
products throughout the United States
was increased by 43 per cent, metals by
66 per cent, lumber and building ma
terials 58 per cent, food 25 per cent,
manufactured commodities 38 per cent.' 1
When the necessaries of life are in
creased in ((rice and life itself is do
creased in price (on account of reduc
tion of wages and salaries), where is
the proof of the existence of prosperity?
That is to say, prosperity for the peo
ple? The country is prosperous. But
many of the inhabitants are expending
their time, talent ami nervous energy
in a Struggle for existence. In spite of
the wealth and prosperity of tho United
States, many citizens are harassed by
the. difficulty of making provision for
bare subsistence of their families.
Is this popular prosperity? In the
(Jnßed Statts prosperity, like govern
ment, should be democratic, of the peo
ple, by tin- people and for the people.
Our comet is the advance agent of
11 alley's comet, which la said to bo a
ripper. 'with a tall that makes Pain's
■jyrote/ihnlei luok like a tallow t dip.
The Stork's Dilemma
TIT HEN the Southern Pacific rr.il
11' road obtained control of vnl
uable public property by prom
ising to build a railway station that
would be a credit to Los Angeles, and
that would replace the dismal horror
that now chills the heart of the arriv
ing tourist, it was believed an effort
would 1»' made to redeem the promise.
Tho late Mr. Harriman when inter
viewed on the subject—de mortuis nil
nisi bonum. But we believe he might
well have been accused of temporizing,
lie always spoke as if his promise must
wait on certain conditions of profit for
the railroad which must be. attained
to, pleading: now one expense, now an
other, as excuse for keeping back the
building of the depot.
This policy hns been inherited by his
successors, and we think if any of
them were pinned in a corner and
compelled to give a fair and square
and explicit and straightforward reply
to th.-. question "When do you Intend
to make good? When do you intend
to give Los Angeles the railway Sta
tion you owe it?" he would give Taft'S
answer; "Cod knows."
Under the circumstances, why Los
Angeles should feel "in honor bound"
to allow the Southern Pacific to hold
on to property—"Taft's answer." The
S. P. is nut :i clog in the manger, but
a hog in the manger.
The house committee on postoffires
and post roads is hearing som,e plain
talk from prominent publishers, and is
it not time for plain talk? The great
est industry in the United States is
threatened by a governmental gouge
proposed by a pack of ignorant, pin
head politicians. That's the plain lan
guage of it.
Architectural exhibition is being at
tended by big crowds. The «rehitects
of Greater Los Angeles are among the
finest in the world, and much or the
splendid general appearance of our
magnificent city is accounted for by the
artistic vigilance which is the price of
municipal symmetry.
Success of the British Liberals, or
I even a successful pan-Radical parlia
mentary coalition, will mean the biggest
political "scrap" the world has beheld
in fifty years. It is again a question
of abolition, but this time the abolition
ists demand abolition of the house} of
Many people who refused to become
vegetarians from principle are Joining
the ranks as a practical measure of
self-protection. All flesh Is grass, any
way. We might as well eat it in the
primitive state as submit to the exac
tions of the' beef trust.
Investigation of city departments?
No honest official fears Investigation.
If you hear anyone protesting hysteric
ally "There is no need of investigation,"
investigate him first of all.
Every now and then someone sug
gests that Los Angeles should establish
a museum of antiquities. What's the
use, when she has the Arcade station?
i 'an you beat it?
Hooray! Somebody in Oivuter Los
Angeles was responsible tor tho great
quad hoax —the biggest and best na
ture take ever perpetrated, Another
record broken.
"Build the station or give back the
Thai's the language the H. P.
might understand.
La Belle Prance, per capita the rich
■ st country in the world, is in a state
of liquidation.
Tin. houseboat fad has now become a
practical necessity In France.
Banish the billboards. They disgrace
L.V3 AnuelCß.
Public Letter Box
TO COUKfc.-I'ONOl'.MS—Letters Intruded
(or publication must be uccompanled by the
mum uhi ailure>M of the Mian J'ne H .kid
lilies tiis widest ln:ii°: V to correspondents
tut assume* no responsibility /or their vi«»»,
LO* ANGELES, .Inn. 28.—[Editor
Herald]: The utter futility oi' this pro
posed meat boycott makes one wonder
at tho people who flock after il.
Aside from the fact of "making a
kick," It will simply result in making
a lot of Innocent people suffer and no I
reach the men at whom it is aimed
at all.
I am fully aware of the unpopularity
nf (he person who refuses to join a "hue
and cry 11 ami wants to know why, but
with this knowledge I see the condi
tions far too serious to be satisfied
with a howl that will last a few days,
until you newspaper men find a new
sensation to exploit.
The most it ran do to the men who
direct the policy of any of the big
meat packing plants will be to rut down
their liilO income from, say, $100,000 to
How much will they care for thai?
But how about tho thousands Ql
families that will suffer cruelly because
the bread winner is out of work for
sixty days while the plant is shut
down? Did that mass meeting take
any action tonight to provide for the
support of these?
Again, meat is not the whole of our
life ami needs.
Let us look at eggs. If your hens
were laying an extra dozen or two
would you begin to talk about the law
of supply and demand and Charge every
cent you could set for them, or would
you think of the high prices of pro
visions and sell them for 1 cent each?
I could not help wondering whether
that lawyer and doctor who spoke to
night always asked their patrons how
able they are to pay fees and gauged
their fees In harmony with the answer.
!:" assured, good peopUe, W rev eer.t
of you are Just as selfish as the meat
packers are, and would force the last
penny were you in their places, just ;•:
you do now—and this Is the proof of it
that you do now.
No small part of the movement wan
backed by the financial secretaries of
the local unions. How many of them
have offered to lower their salaries by
a dollar, even during strike times?
One article referred to the carloads of
vegetables and fruit? dumped into tho
at San Francisco to keep the prices
up. Wicked enough in all conscience,
as the "last penny" idea ever is; but,
reader, would your policy be any dif
ferent? Is not your policy, first, last
and all the time, to get every possible
cent out or your labor, produce, or
whatever thing you possess and want
to sell to another?
That is just the policy that makes
the meat people get as much for their
meat as they can, and until you are
willing to change your greed to gen
erosity do have the decency to keep still
about others.
Just as sure as the sun shines, this
meat boycott will have no lasting effect
on the pikes of provisions, and as cer
tainly will only hurt the poor people
who earn their living in the packing
plants. GEO. M. PARKER,
A Transient.
LOS ANGELKS, Jan. L'j.—[Editor
Herald]: Criticism of the church Is not
criticism of Christianity. Instead o?
trying to defend the course of the
church why do not clergymen concen
trate, their efforts toward pointing out
the mistakes of the church, thereby
trying to make it a useful, human in
stitution? Last Sunday one of our
pronilaent clergymen asserted that the
church had not failed in its duty as re
gard! social questions, showing where
the members visited poor farms, dis
trlbuti d charity, etc. One might as
well (ay that it would be consistent for
a person or an institution to encourage
sume great battle or wholesale slaugh
ter and then go about and minister to
the wounded—patting themselves on the
back nil the time and saying "How
"Mi and charitable I am."
1 do not think it can be disputed that
the church has encouraged conditions
which havo made poor farms and char
ity necefisary. The church In England
has encouraged the holding of the land
thereby depriving ths many o( means
of livelihood, at the Kime tlmu saying
"The poor you tiavo with you always,"
and encouraging the "lidy bountiful"
to Bmilo complacently in admiration of
The English Elections
VIII—The Tariff Reform Issue
Frederic J. Haskin
[Lmipni. ■!PNP"W —The phrase "tariff
| lIjSJI reform" In English politics
Erf means exactly the opposite
reform" in English politics
means exactly the opposite oC
Ifc '■'Ml "hat it means In the United
E _*_Jf state In England the "tariff
' llfegggjll reformers" are those Who pro
pose to establish protection as the
guiding principle of the British cus
toms system Instead of free trade. The
principle of free trade, for which the
Anti-Corn Laws league, under the
leadership of Cobiien and Bright, made
such a memorable fight, has been ac
cepted for many decades as the settled
policy .of the United Kingdom. In
America the "tariff reformers" are
those who believe In a reduction of the
tariff duties from a proeteotlve princi
ple to a merely revenue scale, or to
I free trade; although they have been
almost entirely swallowed up by the
"tariff revisionists," who believe in a
reduction of the tariff duties, but in
maintaining the protective principle.
Customs duties in England are laid
on spirits, tobacco, sugar, tea and
other non-competing articles. It Is the
nearest approach to free trade existing
In any great nation. The first noto of
dissatisfaction with the: system was
sounded In Birmingham about seven
or eight years ago, and in 1903 Jo
seph Chamberlain organized the Tariff
Reform league. This organization,
working Independently of party be
cause neither Conservatives nor Lib
erals would have anything to do with
it, has succeeded in creating a great
public sentiment in favor of protection.
The result of the present election c in
not properly be construed to be the
verdict of the people on this question,
since so many other issues were in
volved. But It is not to be disputed
, that Mr. Chamberlain and his Tariff
Kefqrm league were successful In forc
ing the Conservative party to adopt
tariff reform as its chief slogan in the
battle against the budget.
f ■> • • ,
"Hands off the People's Food!" "Tax
Land, Not Loaves!" These and similar
cries from the Radicals were met by
Tory arguments: "Tax the foreigner!"
"Tariff reform means better times."
"Protection means higher wages and
more work." Everywhere and all the
time during the campaign the tariff
was a live question. When the Liberal
speakers denounced the house of lords,
almost the only hostile remarks from
the audience would be from some en-
thuslastlc believer in protection.
It is not the intention to discuss In
thti article the relative meritH ol* tariff
reform and free trade in England, but
the American onlooker could not fail to
lie amused by the campaign conducted
for and against protection. Jt was like
a moving picture review of all that lias
been said and done about the tariff In
America from the time of the Walker
tariff to the day of the Payne-Aldri.-h
The tariff reformers, which means
practically all of the Conservatives, ad
vanced two reasons and one excuse for
their new faith In protection. They de
clared it necessary to protect British
manufacturers from the competition of
products of cheap factories and poorly
paid labor of other countries; they de
clared it the part of wisdom to tax the
foreigner Instead of the Englishman;
and they said it-was a substitute for
the land tii.vs and other objectionable
lea lures nf the budget. In support of
these doctrines, with amusing incon
sistency but not without distinguished
precedent, they appealed to the voters
by speeches, by posters, by leaflets and
by songs to support the Conservatives
I becaunse the Liberal government had
I taxed tobacco and beer.
The Liberals, in opposing the pro
tective idea, made the most of the pro
posed taxrs on breadstuff, and de
voted most of their argument to the
COSi of bread. "Tax land, not loaves,"
was the burden of their song. "Tariff
reform will make happier dukes,"
screamed the posters, developing the
charge that the dukes, objecting to
the tax on their lands, wanted pro
tection in order to put the tax on the,
poor man's lc '. The liberals shouted
that England had grown to be the
greatest manufacturing nation and the
richest nation on earth under free
trade-, and then, with that delightful
inconsistency which seems to attend
both sides of a tariff light, they de
clared that England was already
ground into poverty by the landlords
and could not afford to bear another
penny of taxation.
The Liberal speaker! could justify
their demand for relief of the poor,
and maintain that English laborers
wore the best paid i the world, all
in the same speech, without any ap
parent effort. The Conservative speak
ers, equally resourceful, found no dif
ficulty whatever in explaining that a
tariff duty on wheat cnuld not possi
bly increase the price of bread, since
the tax is paid by the foreigner, and
in the sam» speech denouncing, the
government for increasing the cost of
the poor man's tobacco by the impo
sition of a higher customs duty.
• • *
The United Stales and Germany, as
the two greatest high protective tariff
cou-' rics, were used freely by both
parties to prove every side of every
question. The Conservatives said
protection would mean high wages and
herself :is the carries soup and flannel
to the poor who have been made pooc
by her kind and the church. If the
church had not departed from the
teachings of the Founder of Christian
ity there would be no poor.
PASADENA, Jan. 24.—[Editor Her
ald]! Mr. Stone is right. We should
cast out first the beam that ia in our
own eye and then we Can lee clearly
to pull tho mote out of our brother
Chinaman's eye. As conditions are to
day the beam in our "own eye is big
enough to demand our entire atten
tion. Take the story of the good Sa
maritan and apply It to modern condi
tions. Mr. Liscoinb. if you were to
Journey from Los Angeles to Santa
Monica and should fall among thieves,
be robbed and left to die, and should
a Chinese from the Sherman vegetable
gardens find you, he and his fellow
workmen would act the part of tho
good Samaritan.
Recent events prove that thesn men
cm be depended on to do the right
thing. Should you fall by the wayside
on Orange Grove avenue (Paradise mile
Of millionaires) you would probably
tali- ai a sick workman did not long
ago. Many high priests passed by—on
the other side. At last a Levite looked
upon him and telephoned the police and
they locked him up as a vagrant until
he was identified.
Would you advise another nation to
t;.ke care of her sick that Wfcy? Why
tell the story of the good Samaritan
to a people that are already following
his exapmle closer than some of our
own people? Here In Los Angeles, and
I am given to understand that It Is
tho same everywhere among tho
Chines c. once S year the more fortu-
ChineM shares his savings with
hla less fortunate brother. Isn't that
the Golden Kuie put into practice? It
certainly looks inoro like tho Golden
Rule, than to have one man get forty-
f plenty of jobs, in support of which
I statement they referred to the work-
C Ingman in the United' States, always
1 with work to do and always getting
f fabulously high wages. The Liberals
- retorted with the statement that the
! cost of living was so high in America
■ that the difference in wages was real
• ly in favor of tho British workman,
i and denying that the Americans al
v ways had Jobs. Some of them went
' far enough to say that there were as
■ many /Unemployed In the United States
' 'as in England. To this the Conser
-1 vatlves replied that the farms of the
1 south and west In America always
' | needed laborers; thereby bringing
' down upon their heads the wrathy de
' mands of the Liberals that the land In
' England be opened to opportunity for
' i small farmers.
1 At the close of the campaign' the
' whole issue seemed to be centered in
, i the great black bread question. The
1 Liberal speakers and press charged
' , that protection would mean black
, bread and horse flesh for the work
■ Ingmen, as is eaten in protected Ger
. many. Ignoring the horse tlesh the
i entire Conservative campaign took UP
. cudgels in defense of black bread. A
grocer, "by special appointment to bis
' majesty, the king," testified that the
king ate black rye bread. The Con
servative papers all said that what
was good enough for the king was
good enough for the likes of Lloyd-
George, and that that ought to settle
it. But the radicals kept up the out
cry against black bread, and appar
ently the entire English public cen
tered all its thought on the relative
merits of wheat and rye bread.
A feature of the tariff reform cam
paign was the opening of "dumping
shops" in various cities alt over the
country. An empty storeroom would
be hired and its windows filled with
all sorts of imported manufactured
. goods, all of which came Into England
free of duty. The public was invited,
by placard,- to estimate how much
British workmen got for making these
American shoes, or these German
cooking utensils, or this French fab
ric, and the like. The argument was
clinched by placards showing how
many Jobs would be given to British
workmen at so much wages if all these
things were kept out by a protective
• • ■
These "dumping shops" made a pow
. erful appeal to the people and they
i set the other side wild with anger and
despair. There has been a long cam
paign of advertising in England in fa
i vor of British made goods and it has
j had a profound effect. Everywhere one
■ sees appeals for patronage on the pa
triotic grounds of suporting home in
dustries and employing home labor.
The "dumping shops" took advantage
of this sentiment.
In Leicester the Liberals played a
■harp trick on the Tories. They rent
ed the upper story of the "dumping
shop" and covered it over with pla
cards which explained the exhibits in
the window to be a powerful argument
In favor of free trade. The* voter -
might stand outside, see the foreign
goods and then by the two sets of pla
cards reach the conclusion that tar
iff reform would either save or wreck
the nation.
In London one "dumping shop" dis
played a chair -marked with a card,
"Made in U. S. A." It developed that
the chair was of a particular sort
made only in a factory in the imme
diate neighborhood. Workmen from
the chair factory identified the chair
and forced the tariff reformers to take
it out of the window. That particular
"dumping shop" at once fell into dis
• • • ■
Almost every Englishman who has
been in the United States lias written
a card to the newspapers some tlmo
during this campaign for the purpose
of comparing prices In the two coun
tries. They were about equally di
vided in the opinion as to which coun
try has the higher prices. One letter
writer said that he had lived in the
United States with his family for sev
enteen years and that while he al
ways had his clothes made in England
because he liked the fit his old London
tailor gave him, yet he had bought a
suit of clothes In Atlanta for $9.75
which was perfectly good. He did not
give the Atlanta tailor's name and ad
Of course each side has accused the
other of all shades and degrees of
demagogy, perhaps not Without reason.
The Liberals used hundreds of thou
sands of a leaflet which reads, after
giving statistics from various coun
tries: "Protection means less wages for '
a longer day's work." And the Con
servatives counted as a trump card
their leaflet which bore the legend:
"Dearer baccy, dearer . bread, dearer
HYing, dearer dead; dearer whisky,
beer and gin, Is what you get when
the Rads. are in." "Vote for tariff re
form. The foreigner pays the tax."
Tariff campaigns appear to be con
ducted on the same general lines in
all countries.
Tomorrow —The Kncllsh Election!.
IX—How the Parties I'ight.
two millions a year and thousands of
his brothers to stand in -the bread line
every night.
The Chinese empire has lasted for
many centuries. How long do you
think this nation will last under a
misrule like that of the Cannon-Ald
iiih combination?
The trust magnate will destroy this
country much quicker than the oli
garchy did Rome. Let China Uone. She
has outlived many so-called civilized
nations, Br" how long will she live
as ii nation after we have forced
on her our class legislation, our graft,
our white slavery and our sensuality,
after we teach her to send her sub
jects who steal food to jail, and those
who steal railroads and cities to con
(TMs; after we teach her to feed her
soldiers upon embalmed beef?
SAX OABfUBL, Jan. 25.—[Editor
Herald]: The real reason for the pres
ent high prices of food is not to bo
found in combines or In trusts. While
add some to it. tho real cause!
why we pay so much for our food now
, because of the great influx of pop
ulation to the cities. When Huh
spring*! census is published it will
doubtless show the cities have in
, .I from DO to 100 per cent in the
decade, while the country districts
will not show over 20 per cent. Tho
land has be«n lKfgleeted, and whllo
Ountry at large is producing more
stuff than ever before, yet it does not
produce the proportion that is re
quired of It to keep the prices down.
Until we can turn tho attention of
the labor of the nation to leave the
and go out on the land and
work, not until then will prices to tiny
material extent decrease. All the
othor agitations will be futile. Watch
the census and see if this is not cor
rect. A. Q. ST. GEORGE.

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