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Newspaper Page Text
FEBRUARY 13, 1910.
of horn and oiled paper. Eastern na tions delighted in glass lamps, and in the mosque at Cairo are some very elegant ones of the thirteenth and Fourteenth centuries. In the museum at Naples Ib a very fine specimen of 1 intern. It was made of twenty-eight divisions of bronze wire, shaped like a basket, the wires being threaded with crystal beads. Tn the middle of the basket is the p!ace for the light, which would be reflected by all the crystal beads. This is a very unique specimen. The imtsi primitive lamps which me dieval history tolls us of were skulls of animals In which fat wns burned; in some places sea shells were used in tho rnme way. What B long- distance from this crude way of lighting to the ornate lamps of today, with their brll llant flame! Those skull receptacles gave way to those of pottery and metal, but the principle for the natural lamp was retained, as is proved by the forms found in ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman lamps, and In the stone cups and jugs of northern na tions. The pottery at first was unglazed and the lamp contained only one wick hole, but in time better material was introduced, with more elaborate forms and with increase! lighting power. The wick was usually of flax tow, or of rushes or some other vegetable liber, while the solid fat of animals was the chief Illuminating material. The oils of the present day were, of course, unknown. On the coast the oil of the seal or the whale furnished the Illumination. Lamps were used among the north ern nations of antiquity also, but the colder climate necessitated a different' kind of lamp. Small open stone pots, afterward changed for metal, were used. Lamps of this kind are occa sionally dun up in Scotland and else where, and the principle is the same as the "padelle" used in Italian illumina tions and in the old grease pots which once formed the footlights of the thea ter. No great Improvement took place in the construction of lamps until the be ginning of the nineteenth century, it is Btrange how many times the powers of human invention remain passive in ■ome particular direction [or whole cent Uriel and then suddenly leap into activity. For nearly ISOO years of the Christian era there was no substantial improvement made in the principle of the primitive lamp, composed of a wick amidst grease. The outward form and Suggestion for Entrance Lamp LOS ANGELES HERALD SUNDAY MAGAZINE A Modern Electric Reading Lamp the material of which It was composed might be changed, but the principle of lighting remained the same. During the latter part of the eight eenth century there were only four ways of lighting—the common dip can dle for the rich and the oil lamp, fed with fish oil, for the street and stair ways. The constant muffing of the candle was a drawback to its use, and an Invention in 1799 for superseding snuffing was considered a great ad vance. Rut while inventors were rack ing their wits over lighting matters a new illuminating agent was discovered which threatened to snuff out candles completely. The introduction of mineral (tils was a radical improvement. It necessitated a change in the body of the lamp; ac cident discovered the us,. 1' the chim ney. In 18f>0 Germany introduced into Great Britain the lamp, which with modifications and Improvements is still adhered to. But these modifica tions and improvements have been made in the oils and in the burners, until today t lie brilliant li^ht of a n""d lamp is us far ahead Of the light from a candle as the brilliant arc light is ahead Of the first kerosene lamp. The discovery of Illuminating gas and its practical use, the application Of electricity to lighting purposes are both well known to the present genera tion, but the use of these agents for lighting purposes has not done away with the body of the lamp. A look at the present day specimens of tamps for kerosene, for gas or for electricity shows that in form and construction we have as many beautiful and ornate bronze and metal lamps as were ever found in Egypt or in the ruins of Pompeii. GAYNOR AS A DOCTOR "In Mayor Gaynor's early days on the bench," said a Brooklyn lawyer, "a prisoner's counsel s;i id. in the cours ; of lii.s speech: •' 'Medical witnesses will testify thai JmkK Electric •BPP Reading Lamps fr^T^^^/iF^ For the long evenings there is more pleas ™ •"'vr'"'" ' ure to be had from an Electric Reading |[i Lamp than from almost anything else. Beginning as low as $4.50, we offer excellent flj* ' 1 Cf\ values up to any price one wishes to go. Every *Jr * •*J\J lamp has been carefully chosen for its artistic EACH qualities and splendid value. Mission style reading lamps, suitable for bungalows. (t» i rA Special at. $4.UU Brass portables with pretty shades, giving rt» j» f\(\ I T soft, comfortable light «t)O.UU Up Beautiful Bradley and Hubbard Portables, two (Ul/i Aft lights, metal and art glass shades «PiU.Uvl Art glass floor lamps, 5 and 6 feet high, $100 and $200. We invite you to visit our lamp department, as our exhibit and prices will interest you. Parmelee-Dohrmann Company China, Silver, Glassware, Art and Household Goods. ■-.-.■■■ V':/. \ ■ •■ :...""iSS .- ■■■..■ ■. •.' :.-■.■ ■■■....■.■■.• ■■ - .... ■ > Entrance Bracket Lamp my unfortunate clipnt is suffering from kleptomania, and, your honor, you know what that is.' " 'Yes, 1 said Judge Gaynor, 'I do, it is a disease thn poopio pay mo to euro." 7