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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVKBX MOKMMO BY THE HERALD CO. ' THOMAS E. GIBBON ».'.. .President I FRANK E. WOLFS Managing Editor THOMAS J. HOLDING.. .Business Manager DAVID O. BAILLUB Associate JiUilor Sintered •• second-class matter at the I pestoSlce In Los Angeles. OUUtSI' lIOKMMI I'Al'Elt IN I LOS ANG£LBS. Founded Oct. 1. 1873. Thlrty-alxth year. Chamber of Commerce building. Phone*: Sunset Main 8000; Horn* 10111. Til* only Democratic newspaper In South ern California receiving lull Associated Press reports. ' NEWS SERVICE—Member of tha A»»u elated Prees, receiving Us full report, aver ([loi £5,000 word* a day. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a m0nth.,,..) .40 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months. 1.20 Dally, by mall or carrier, six months.. ,2.1S Dally, by mall or carrier, cae year 4-50 Sunday Herald, one year 3.00 ' Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. THB HERALD IN BAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Franclaco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at tha news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the street* In Oakland by Whaatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Loe Angeles Herat 1 can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. H. and J. Hardy ft Co., JO, II and 13 Fleet street. London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to re ceive news, rabacrlptlona and advertisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Oatee. advertising man. ager. _ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR. CRISP AND 0» FAN rf^fcsflOlAyNLULLAifl I,KETRORSUM JU AT THE THEATERS AI'DITORTCM— BEI.ASCO —"The Man of the Hour." BUKJIANK —"Cameo Klrby." FISCHER'S— faro*. "Florodora," I.OS ANGELES — MAJESTIC—"Mary Jane'» Pa." MA SOX—"Th« Boys and Bitty- ORPHE CM—Vaudeville, - - MR. CRANE'S LOGIC MR. CRANE of Chicago has shown himself to be such a good American citizen and such an exemplary business man, apparently animated by a sincere desire to Im prove the condition of his workers, that we dislike to criticise him harsh ly: yet by the most fallacious attempt at argument ever perpetrated on the public he Is attempting: to Injure the cause of scholastic education and to divert from educational purposes pub lic funds hitherto devoted to them. Mr. Crane has published a book to uphold his fallacy, but here is the meat of it in his own words: "College pro fessors and teachers are prepared to give advice on all subjects. As J2OOO a year teachers they tell us how to turn out $8000 and $10,000 a year busi ness men. Isn't It a bit strange that it never has occurred to these smart college fellows to go Into business for themselves? Why draw a small sal ary for telling young men now to draw big salaries if you are capable of draw ing the big salary Yourself?" What Mr. Crane does not perceive is that the instructor or trainer Is ac tually earning- tho big salary when he is telling the young man how to suc ceed in life, but by a most whimsical and unreasonable barbarism society re fuses to pay him a salary proportion ate to his services to society. In very plain, blunt language, which will ap peal to Mr. Crane, a gentleman who is fond of plain, blunt language, we make the assertion ho and all other men of his type, and all wtio are con cerned in belittling tho commercial value of the educative professions and In withholding from the skilled labor ers engaged therein the hire to -which they are justly entitled, are merely "grafting oft" college professors, spe cial trainers, school teachers and pub lic writers. Such men have no means of controlling the actions of those who are In command of the financial sit uation. They cannot "go c.n strike." While they are engaged in their oc cupations many of them and the best of them absolutely forget all about the question of remuneration or reward. It "cuts no Ice" with them. They do not flgure "profit and loss." They do their work because they HAVE to do it. It is their life. But tho commer cial gentlemen and members of the i ivilization that profits by the under load industry of tho scholaiß, thinkers and writers should be the last persons to flout them because they aro under paid. The salaries earnofl by thinkers are disgraceful to American civilization. A bricklayer is far bottor paid than a writer; and the man who puts written thoughts into type is in some instances I'm" better paid than their originator and formal constructor. It is outrag eous; but Crane's sneer does not amend matters. It may, however, do some yood, for it may Induce some profes sional trained thinkers to take a little more interest in the bread and butter aspect of their industry and to see whether or not measures can be taken to redeem their calling from the condition which exposes it to tlio taunt uf the beneilclaries of their hard wink and awlduous devotion to th« Interests of the Amwican jmuUc. WHAT HATH GOD WROUGHT? AMONG the most remarkable exam ples of twentieth century progress are the marvelous achievements of wireless telegraphy, a mode of quick communication which is hardly less wonderful than the "thought transfer ence" of which fanciful scientists have dreamed. The practical results of wire less commend it to the grateful con sideration of mankind. In its brief career, it has been a rec ord breaking: life saver and one of the most practically useful of the friends of humanity. It is nearly thirty years sinca a mem ber of the faculty of Tufts college dis covered the principle of wireless teleg raphy. As he was a theorist and an experimenter, and not a practical man of a commercial disposition, he neither attempted to make money with it nor to apply it to everyday purposes. It was within the last generation that Marconi brought to bear on the problem appliances embodying new principles and accessories which put wireless communication on a practical basis. Wireless is particularly adapted to maritime uses and to maritime needs. Tha waves sent out by wireless have an unobstructed and unimpeded track over the water. They are not embarrassed by over land wires, mountains of ore, steel bridges and all the other kinds of em barrassments and interruptions that may check these waves and send them to the ground or back into the element whence they came. One of the most obvious as well as one of the greatest benefits conferred on mankind by wireless is in the elim ination of the unknown from the risk of ocean travel. No longer will ship news agencies and other watchers and waiters on shore be kept in suspense while a ship is between ports. No longer will a leave-taking of friends aboard an out ward-bound ship have in it somewhat of the awesomeness of a last farewell. No longer will friends disappear en tirely from the ken of their fellow mor tals until their ship is reported. The progress of a ship will be traced; nay, more, the passengers will communicate with the loved ones they left behind them and with those whom they ex pect to greet at the end of the voyage. Danger of loss of ship and loss of life has been greatly reduced by wire less. We could speak of dozens of In stances within the last season in which ships in distress and danger sent out their signals through the stress of the storm and help came to them in time to prevent loss of life. Notable among these Instances of the practical value of wireless was the rescue of seventy persons from the Kentucky.' Another remarkable Instance of the value of a wireless appeal for help ocurred De cember 27, when the steamer Iroquois, bound from.New York to Jacksonville, when off the dangerous Prying Pan shoala was Btruck astern by a tremen dous wave which carried away her rud der and left her a helpless plaything at the mercy of the storm, only fifteen miles removed from sure destruction and the certain death of all on board. The accident to the ship happened at night, and within two minutes the operator had sent out his "S. O. S." signal, which within a half an hour was picked up and answered by no fewer than seven .ships at sea, all of which ships, at distances ranging from twenty to 200 miles away, offered as sistance. The captain of the imperiled vessel gave his exact position; and, keeping: in communication with those who were coming to his rescue, gave them exact information as to condi tions and surroundings, so that the steamer San Marcos was able to pick up the Iroquois' hawser at day light, and tho rescued vessel was towed safely to port at Charleston. During the recent blizzard in the east the Boston Herald located the steamships Memphis, Bohemian, Bos ton and Priscilla at sea, kept in com munication with them throughout the storm and exploded a false report of collision at sea with great loss of life. Untold injury to the relatives and friends ashore was thus averted. Re lief was given from needles anguish and a great humanitarian service was performed by mankind's newest aux iliary. The steamer Arizona on Lake Michigan lost her cylinder heads in an explosion which left tho ship helpless amid ice floes. Wireless brought two ships to the rescue, and the vessel was safely towed into port. No modern discovery has at such an early stage of its applied usefulness made a record equal to that of wireles3 telegraphy. It is the friend of man kind, will help commerce, aid shipping and play a prominent part in the es tablishment of the international rela tions which will lead to permanent peace. DEGRADATION OUT of the mire of a nasty suit for damages, attended by most de plorable publicity which cannot do any good, wo pick a sentence for the benefit of the girls of Los Angeles who earn their own living at honor able occupations. Tho writer of a letter says: "Last night (In New York) I went down with a couple of gentle men to a beer hull, and it was the worst place I was ever in. It made me sad to sue the girls rustling for beer and any money they could get." There Is no degradation that strikes the visitor to eastern cities with more painful force than the degradation of women. • They are employed in cheap j concert holla, in beer halls, In picnic halls. The Spiers and Pond barmaids of London, England, have often been commented on. But between the Spiers and Fond barmaids and the poor women who haunt the dives of New York, any comparison that may be instituted is greatly to the advan tage of the barmaids Good government Is well worth while, If only for its assurance that In Los Angeles the women and children of the community will be protected from degradation, and scene* that astonish western vis itors to the east will, we. hope, for ever remain Impossible in the far west. LOS ANGELES HERALD: THURSDAY MORN UNO, FEBRUARY 17, 1910. rtORE PAP t \ ')/ I ,r(^Q^p more: pap: | I "The Southern Pacific is California's baby. It pets that baby more than anyone else and spanks it, too, some timesi"—Speech of J. C. Stnbb> in New York. How a Commercial Society Aids Industrial Progress PROGRESSIVE women of Seattle have organised a commercial club; they will plunge into the fight for more factories and a longer and larger pay roil for this city, ac cording to the Post-Intelligencer. Aside from its positive value as a force in the civic and industrial life of Seatttle, this new organization teaches a lesson which may be of value to some men in this community. These women know the larger needs of Se attle, and if they have played a help ful part In furthering the gentler movements In the life of the city they may and will render a service of equal value in the broader sphere of industry and commerce. In recent years women have been drawing closer to the problems which grow out of the industrial and com mercial activities of urban centers. They have invaded the workshop to rescue the child. They have grone into trade emporiums to better the condi tion of women who work, and, larpely in response to their appeals, state and municipal lawmakers have adopted regulations to safeguard the health, life and limb of tollers. Woman's increasing Interest in in dustry, in commerce and in all the material problems of the country is impressive, for it promises a changed and a bettor order. ' CHAMBER OF COMMERCE LOS ANGELES chamber of com merce at Its annual meeting listened to reports as to its growth and progress. This fine institution well illustrates the Los Angeles way. Iden tified with the history of the city, and with its best interests, the chamber of commerce can point with satisfaction to the prosperity of Los Angeles and say "Of this I have been a large part." Los Angeles chamber of commcrco is the largest organization of its kind in the world. Its plan of publicity by making exhibits In various parts of the country has met with great success, has aroused nation-wide attention and has stirred up not a few imitators. But Los Angeles, in spite of imitators, still has the credit of being the best boosted city in the United States; and_ it is the duty of all our grateful citi zens to boost the boosters, tho hard working officers and the patriotic mem bers of our splendid chamber of com merce. Chief Galloway will help keep met ropolitan conditions in Greater Los An geles up to the highest standard. How silly seems the question "village or city"? when men of the caliber of Alexander and of Galloway and tho Good Government forces are actively ; and constantly working for the better ment of Greater Los Angeles. Good conduct and pbedience to law help, not hinder, metropolitan conditions. Y. M. C. A. campaign for member ship should enlist the sympathy and active support of the good people of Los Angeles. The. Young Men's Chris tian association has been nf great ben ( lit and service to this community, and it.s endeavor to extend the scope of its influence by adding to Its enroll ment Is an endeavor for the good of l.tis Angeles. Boost the Y. M. C. A. in the Los Angeles way. Arthur Letts says the Young Men's Christian association is the livest or ganization in the world. Of course It is; and Its members represent the livest city In the world, the citizens of which are proud of it and will do all they can to help It. The Y. M. C. A. stands for all that l« best in Los Angoleß, and Illustrate* the Lob Angeles way. Boost it. Mayor Alexanders appointment of William D. Stephens and Major H. T. Lee as members of the board of water works commissioners is a sterling, Al- Fancy Spanking This! Women know the social problems of today. They know, and they ought to know, the economic problems also, for if the pantry is empty but for the sighs of hunger, and if children under fed are also but scantily clothed, the burden of the misfortune must fall upon the woman of the house. The appeal of the hungry child Is to the mother. But woman's interest in Industrial problems is not due wholly to the inti macies of her home environment; it Is partly due to her broad sympathies and her desire to help the herpless, to succor the nedy and strengthen the weak. If women provide for the wants of the weak, sick man, they may also help to provide work for the strong man willing to work. If they help to establish hospitals for the sick and homes for the homeless, they may also help to establish factories where Indus trious toilers may earn their own way and care for those dependent upon them. • The women of Seattle who organized the woman's commercial club are plan ning nobly. They are blazing a new way. Realizing the opportunities which lip at the door of this city, they will help to grasp and use them. Tho campaign for more factories In Seattle has started In earnest, and it will win. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. exander appointment, which will help tin' progress and prosperity of Los An geles in the Los Angeles way. Our city is to be congratulated on the pub lic servants Good Government brought to it. South Pasadena citizens are prepar ing an unusually elaborate celebration o/ Washington's birthday, with patri otic concert, patriotic addressoa and a patriotic parade. We believe in pa triotic celebrations, especially when they are celebrations of patriotism. A celebration is an affair of a day. Pa triotism lasts all the year round. A blinding snowstorm is raging in Kansas. Eastern winter weather this year has been a record breaker. In lovely Los Angeles the weather is al ways fine. Climate In lovely Los An getoa gives the fortunate citizens a square deal. Sound the trumpets. Beat the drums. T. R. proudly homeward comes. And why thouldh't he be coming proudly, since the greatest nation on earth is waiting to welcome him? Presidents may come and presidents may go, but there's only one T. R. Considerable Scotch in Los Angeles, ih .' Weel, It's nane the waur o' that. OIUgOW is the model municipality of the civilized world. In municipal af fairs it is always safe to trust the Glasgow-trained men. They "know their business." Harbor of Greater Los Angeles will be ;l prime factor in the prosperity of I the city. The time is fust approaching , whin much of the news published by Los Angeles papers will relate to ships and shipping. Rank clearings indicate the Los An geles way's healthy business way. Building permits give a similar indica tion. Forward is the word in Greater Los Angeles. Former Sultan Abdul Hamid is crazy. The retired ruler of Turkey who was known as Abdul the Damned is. now Abdul the Doomed. So Stubbs says the Southern Pacific is California's baby. All right. Isn't it about Umo the greedy brat were weaned? Chicago wants to have an aviation meet. Well, there's plenty of wind In that enterprising city, anyway. Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS— Letter! Intended for publication must be accompanied by the Unmi u'«i mldreiis of the »fITV» Ihe It Aid give* tin* widest lutlti'io to correapnmlealt, but •■imnN no reKponalbllltr for their »!»>»». DESTRUCTION OF MATTER NOT TAUGHT BY BIBLE POMONA, Feb. B.—[Editor Herald]: It seems strange that some of your correspondents cannot bo courteous to those whose view's differ from their own, but must indulge in reflections on their intelligence and honesty, accusing them of using "makeshifts" and "jug gling" words to accomplish an end in their explanations of the Scriptures. To such the words of Job would s«m to apply, "No doubt but ye arc '.ha people, and wisdom shall die with you." When I write it is to put for ward conclusions which are perfectly satisfactory to me. If others do not agree I have no mud to throw at them. To come again to the end of ihe world of Matt. 24, about which I wrote recently, I say ugain the Scritpures do not teach the destruction of things material, nor did Messrs. Peter, James, John ct al. look for such an end. God has promised Ul9 earth for an ever lasting inheritance to Abraham (Gen. xiii:ls), who, Paul tells us, is Christ (Gal. iii:l6), and those who are Christ's (verse 29). He (Paul) further says that for this hope he was ]ud>ed (Acts xxvi:6) and bound with a chain <xxviii:2o). "Mr. Peter" asked Jesus what would be the reward of such as had left all to follow him, to which question the reply was given, "Verily, I say unto you, that ye which have fol lowed me, in the regeneration wr.en the Son of Man shall sit on the throne oC his glory, ye also shall sit up on twelve thrones, Judging the twelve tribes of Israel" (Matt xix:27, 28). How could this promise lie fulfilled if the world is to come to an end? But then how will we explain the destruction of heaven and -.>arth by lire, in II Pet. iii? .The answer is that it is an example of figurative language with which the Bible is replete. The most instructive suggestion for the understanding of such difficult!** is from Dr. John Smith, as follows: "By images borrowed from the world nat ural, the prophets frequently under stand something analagous in the world politic. Thus the sun, moon, stars and heavenly bodies are put for kings, queens, rulers and persons in great power; their increase of splen dor denotes increase of prosperity; their darkening, setting or falling a re verse of fortune, or the entire jua^ing of that- power to which they refer. Great earthquakes and the shaking of heaven and earth denote the commo tion and overthrow of kingdoms and the beginning or end of the world their rite or ruin." With this k-y in mind It is not difficult to understand Paten particularly when he calls attention to God's promise to create a new heaven and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, which, Isaiah says, in chapter 65, verses 17 and 18, Is "Jerusa lem a-rejoicing, and her people a-joy." JAMES T. inWIX. BELIEVES LABOR SHOULD HAVE ITS FULL MEASURE OCEAN PARK, Feb. B.—[Editor Her aldj: In the Letter Box of February Z 3. Butlerflcld says "Without capital there would be no profit. Interest must bo paid on capital, salaries to the di rectorate of corporations as well as wages to tjie employes. So how can the laborer claim all the profits?" Let" us see. In the firgt place, what is capita!? The only requisite capital i.s needed labor. Perhaps Mr. Butter- Held will say that money is capital and that money consists of gold, si ver. bank notes, etc. If we admit that money is capital, from whence is it* existence? Is it not all the product of the earth plus labor? That It U 1h incontrovertible. This bMng true, what need 1b there of corporations? There is no excuse for their existence except for the purpose of exp oltlng labor —to get something for nothing. He says: "Without business capac ity the whole thing would come to grief." That is true, but does he infer that there is no -'business acumen" among the laboring people? All need ful work, whether In office or a ditch. is labor, but it dots not follow that ii set of men fur tins good of tlie com monwealth must combine to make a profit and interest on What they term capital, the product of labor. Neither Is it normally right to do s-o, for THE PANAMA LOTTERY Frederic J. Haskin KSpESiFFORTS are being made to \fffijM prevent canal workers from |lv aHKaI buying the tickets of the » Igßj Panama lottery. Under the law laws in foice In the Canal Kißucwl zone no tickets can be sold within that territory,' but as soon as the canal employe crosses the lino between Ancon and Panama City, or between Cristobal and Colon he meets the ticket sellers everywhere. It is known that many of the canal em ployes are wasting their money on the lottery, but as yet there lias been no way to protect them. It is likely that action may yet be taken which will prohibit the buyers of tickets from carrying them into the canal zone, but even this would scarcely overcome the evil. The lottery has eight more years to run under charter given it by the government of Colombia. » The Panama lottery has its home in tho bishop's palace and is within a stone's throw of the cathedral itself. In fact, one can stand in front of the counter at the Panama lottery and look Into tho sacred precincts of the cathe dral when its doors are opened. Some of the best patrons of the lottery are priests. While many of the padres of Panama are as clean physically and have as high ideals as tho best church men in rnnre northern countries, there are some who see no harm in buying a lottery ticket or making a wager on a cork flght, or course it is nothing more than a difference In the moral view. Tlie Spanish-speaking countries are simply 100 years behind the times. George' Washington, that paragon <.f patriotic devotion to the public wel fare, in his day thought nothing of buying a lottery ticket or of presld ng nt B drawing. One may read in his private diary where ho paid £50 ster ling for his .«hare of 100 tickets in one lottery, and where at another time he presided at Col. Moore's drawing. When Westover, Col, William Byrd's famous estate on the James river, was about to be sold for debt, a lottery was con ceived, and the finances of the Byrd heirs were put into a healty condition as n result of the experiment. Wasli lngton took a number of chances on Westover, In a single session of tho Virginia legislature, 1532-3, there were twelve new lotteries authorized. In Connecti cut one was authorized for the building of an insane nsylum. In Massa:hu setts famous Plymouth Beach was re paired by funds raised from a lottery, and even the descendants of the Puri tans did not look askance at it. In Missouri one of the first acts of the legislature was the authorization of a lottery to raise money for a hospital. Churches wore built everywhere with money raised in this way. Even the city of Washington itself owes some of its beauties to a lottery. In 1793 one was authorized to recruit the depleted funds for the erection of public buildings. The grand prize was advertised as "a superb hotel, with baths, outhouses, etc., valued at $50,000." It would take that amount today to equip the kitchen of one of Washington's most modern hotels, but at that time a $r>o,ooo hotel was con sidered palatial. There were to be two drawings, but for some reason the sec ond was no.ver held. From this it was evident that thi? morality of tho lottery is merely a question of progress. The Panamanians are simply behind the times when they permit one to be operated. Their lot tery is a legacy of the French regime on the isthmus, it having been char tered at the time when De Lessepa was there. Speculation and gambling were everywhere in evidence then, and it had a prosperity that rivaled the old Louisiana lottery in its palmiest days. Even now, when the United States is doing everything in its power to keep the taint of the establishment from coming even indirectly into the canal zone, it has a splendid prosperity, for, after paying all prizes, all expenses ot operation and all tributes to the state and church, there is nearly $100,000 in annual profits to be divided among the stockholders. a ft • Eacli ordinary drawing brings into the coffers of the lottery $10,000, $1 each for the 10,000 tickets sold. These tick ets in turn are cut up into five coupons and each coupon calls for 20 cents. If the ticket wins and one man holds all its parts ho gets tho whole prize for which it calls, or if he holds only part of the coupons he gets ono-iifth of the \ prize for each coupon he holds. Out | of the $10,000 received from the sale of ' tickets $6420 Is returned in prizes. In ] addition to this the ticket-sellers get 5 per cent and the government 5 per cent on all sales of tickets, so that in a completely subscribed drawing the every one should have the full product of his labor. Mr. Butterfield sc^ma to th'nk there is not one in ten thousand who couH organize and conduct a steel corp ra tion. If that were true, which it is not, suppose we should put such a man in charge of the construction of > twenty or thirty story buikiir-g without previous, experience or special train ing he would be no better than an idiot. The same would apply to any large business, so that all "business acumen" amounts to is a matter of training and we have nil seen dumb animals trained to do wonderful stunts. The laborer should have all the prof its of his labor, because labor makes all the wealth of the earth available, and no other factor adds or ever will add one iota to this result. Which was first, labor or (so-called) capital? Then by what kind of hocus pocus logic can tribute be laid upon labor to pay the prolit, taxes, interest, etc., on capital that hua been accumulated through tyrannical, capitalistic, com petitive oppression? Mr. Butterfield says: "Without cap ital there can be no great enterprises." Again he is wrong. Since labor has made every cent of money It can re peat tho demonstration, and with intel ligent co-operation could make the greatest achievements of any captain of capitalistic manipulation look like a pigmy. The theory that money makes or earns money is another fallacy, un der prevailing methods by manipula tion money is accumulated and romw into the possession of individuals but to say that such manipulat'on in creases the volume of wealth batrcyi great ignorance or dishonesty. The capitalist thinks he helpi the laborer T)y giving him employment fit the same time be is taking two-thlni i of his labor to himself through tna manipulation of that which labor lias produced, and this ho esteems as hia reward for his mental acumen. The writer has no quarrel with the capitalist, nor does he blamo him I'm taking advantage of the antlq ati-d system that makes Kiich conditions possible. But to such I way, nit up und listen. The end is near. Capital ism is tottering to its doom. Soph istry and a deluge of words without a grain of sense cannot fool the people all the time. Tho laboring people arc gross profit to the lottery company Is $2580. _..v in spite of the fact that the ticket buyer Btandi 100 ohancea of losing to 64 of winningl, the tickets find a. ready sale. There are all forts of systems proposed for beating the game, but It is usually noticed that the man who has a sunranteed system of getting :iln;ul is the fi'llow who is always broke. Most of the tickets are sold by 2fl-cent coupons, the poor people being the regular patrons. • • • All sorts of stories of good and bad luck are rife on the isthmus. Some times an American gets the grand prize. Usually lie becomes such it fev erish gamester that his usefulness to the canal Is ended and sooner or later he 18 down and Out. Sometimes he varies this program by throwing up his job and returning to the states. In one instance a winner of the grand prize threw up his job and prepared to return home. lie became so drunk on board the ship that he locked himself In all stateroom and died. His re mains were buried at sea. A member of the United States senate, who had helped to pass the anti-lottery law In the United States, bought a ticket and won the grand prize. In another case a prominent official was sitting in a poker game and lost all he had except a lottery ticket. At last he threw that into the jackpot—and lost again. When the drawing came around that ticket won the grand prize. The manner of conducting the draw ings Ik entirely fair. They are held on Sunday at the lottery headquarters. Forty little ivory balls are placed In a box. These balls consist of four sets numbered from zero to nine. A child is called to do the drawing, and the mayor and two witnesses chosen from the crowd assist. The child draws out one of tho forty balls, and the mayor posts it on the board. Then another ball is drawn out, and the result is posted. This is repeated until the drawing is completed. Thus, if the first number drawn was 2, the second 7, the third 9 and the fourth 6, the ticket calling for the grand prize would bo numbered 2796. It will be seen that by this system there is no chance for crooked work. The lottery idea seems to have come into existence during the sixteenth century. By 1709 it had reached such a popularity that it was included in the governmental budget as a means of revenue raising. Every parliamen tary budget from that time to 1824 con tained the lottery. This was justified on the ground that there is always « certain amount of vicious inclination and gambling spirit in the community, and since this has to have an outlet somewhere It should be turned to good account and ought to be made to bear its share of the public burden. This reasoning was well and good, but it failed to consider the fact that lot teries multiply the gambling spirit a hundredfold. It was this consideration that led to their abolition in England and America, Lotteries have been abolished from nearly every English-speaking country on the globe, but they still have a firm hold in Spanish-speaking countries. Nearly every one of the republics of Latin-America has its bull fights and lotteries. They seem to go hand in hand, and where one is abol.shed the other goes with it. Many of ihe coun tries of southern Europe still main tain their lotteries, and they are so in tricately woven into the warp and woof of the finances of those countries that to abolish them would be like abol ishing a customs tariff in this country. In England at one time there were lotteries which offered grand prizes amounting to $100,000. At a parlia mentary investigation after one draw ing it was disclosed that there were fifty suicides in a single night in Lon don which were traceable directly to the lottery. Societies for the suppres sion of lotteries sprang up in America early in the second quarter of the nine teenth century. They had plenty of work to do, for in tile year 1832 there were several hundred lotteries oper ating in nine of the United States, with total drawings amounting to $66,000,000 a year. The Louisiana lottery was the last one on United States soil, and was finally banished. It moved to Hon duras, where it has had a rather tur bulent existence. Few people realize how narrowly this country escaped a perpetuation of lot teries. After being denied tho use of the mails the agents used the express service. Then congress enacted a law under tho interstate commerce clause of the constitution forbidding the transportation of tickets in interstate I commerce. The constitutionality of ! the law was attacked, and the supreme court decided by a vote of five to four that a lottery Is an article of interstate commerce and Its transportation could be entirely prohibited. Tomorrow —The President's Sp*e*be». beginning to see the solution of their difficulties. They have sufficient per spicacity to discern that which they labor for logically and morally belongs to them, and they mean to have it, every cent. In conclusion, I appeal to every la boring man who thinks he is entitled to that for which he tolls, who has children whom he would educate and spare them tho degradation of the sweatshops, to consider what your vote stands for when you go to the polls. Vote to put down and out a rotten system of government that fosters trusts and despotic capitalistic tyr anny. O. T. MeCORD. WOULD SEE MORE INTEREST TAKEN IN COOK INCIDENT DUARTE, Feb. 13.—[Editor Herald]: I tako the earliest opportunity to de clare myself as being in full sympathy with the sentiments expressed by Ed ward W. Lewis relative to the Incar ceration of an American citizen (Con ductor J. A. Cook) In a Mexican pris on, held fix months before trial and then condemned to two years' impris onment on the ground of "contribut utory negligence." About the only fault to be found with Cook is that he failed, appar ently, to rocognizo the fact that the. average Mexican will steal anything from a "Gringo" that is not red hot nr nulled fast. well, what can we expect? The despot and murderei Zelaya, wan tnken on a Mexican gunboat right under tlio nosos of our American cruis ers and conveyed in safety to Mexican territory tmd welcomed by Dinz. Ono Ih reminded of the old adage: "Blrd.i of a feather flock together." Why did the administration at Washington fall down. Ask Knox. lie was not going to allow Zulaya to escapo the conse quMlOM "f lilh brutal murder of two American eltizons. The dignity of this Ki'i-ul iiiitlon was to be upheld and Bit Hafety df Its ,citizens in foreign landw assured, etc. The American peo ple are Koln« to summon to the bar Of public opinion those men who fail to i ii force respect for our citizens and i,in Mag, try them and sentenco thorn to Hi" "reulniH of innoi uous desuetude" mi tlio ground of "contributory negli -1 U"-°r WOI~- W. H. MA*QTJIS.