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LOS ANGELES Herald ISSLKD EVKKY MORNING BX , XIIE HERALD CO. 11l O.MAS K. 11180 ....President JTIAXK B. WOLFE M.n.glui Editor THOJIA.S J. GOJLDING. . .Business Uuun DAVID G. 8AU.UE....... Associate Editor Entered as second-class mausr at tho yoatoftlce In Lo» Anielw. _____ ULllhSi MOKMMi I'Al'Elt I.N LOS AKtiJiXKS. Founded Oct. t. 1*73. Tlilrtj-slith jtmt. Cusiuber of Commerce building. Phones: sunset Main S000; Horn* 10211. The only Democratlo newspaper in Soutti •rn California receiving lull Associated Preai reports. ■ ~ NKWS —Member of the A»» --clated Press, reoeivlns Its full report, aver •fine 26,000 words a day. ■ ' RATJES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH BUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a. month I .40 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months.l.2o Dally, by mail or carrier, six monthe.. .5.25 Dally, by mall or carrier, cae year 4.M ■unday Herald, one year *-00 Poitage free In United States and Mexico; «l»ewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia vlß'tors to San Francisco and Oak land will find Th» Herald on aale at the newa stands la th« San Franolsco terry bnlldlns; and on the street* In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amoa News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herall can be »*en at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy * Co.. SO, »1 and S2 Fleet street, London. England, free of charge, and that firm will be clad to re ceive news, nibsorlptlona and advertisements en our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Char.es B. Gates, advertising man. ager, Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND 01 FAN AT THE THEATERS ACniTOßirM—Darlc. BEI.ASCO—"Th» Man of the Hour." BT7KBA>"K—"Cameo Klrby." FISCHER'S —Musical farce. (IRANI) —"When Johnny Comes Marching Home." I.OS ANGEUW— V»udevin«. MAJESTIC—"Sis Hopkins." MASON—Lambardl Grand Opera company. OKPKE CM—Vaudeville. HYSTERIA, SAYS TAFT A REPUBLICAN paper, the Kansas City Star, says: "In his speech in New York President Taft ad mitted a loss of popularity for his ad ministration- that might cause the Re publican party to lose the house of representatives. He might have gone even further. So great has the defec tion been that if a presidential elec tion were to be held next November there is probaLly but one Republican, Roosevelt, who would stand a chance of carrying th« country against a ticket headed, for example, by Gaynor or Folk." This is suflliclent answer to any in sinuation regarding the results of the Roosevelt policies or any statement that "Roosevelt caused a state of hys teria with which it is difficult for the administration to cope." Conservation policies, abatement of special privilege rapacity, government for the people as well as by the people, honesty In politics, strict impartiality and a. square deal for everybody are the elements in what has been desig nated by tha president a state of hysteria. In the opinion of an overwhelming majority of the American people, Roosevelt "hysteria" bears a close re semblance to Americanism. If It be hysteria to demand that malefactors of great wealth shall refrain from plundering the people; if it be hysteria to recognize the fact that trusts are merely business conspiracies, and that a business conspiracy is not morally any better than any other kind of con spiracy: if it be hysteria to cajl tbe attention of the nation to tlie fact equality of opportunity as well as equality before the law is an Amer ican principle; if It be hysteria to de mand that machine politics shall be eliminated from the government of the great American nation; If It be hys teria to insist on square dealing, on the encouragement of policies that help life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, then it must lift admitted there was considerable hysteria in the Roosevelt atmosphere which offended the rebellious and reactionary suscep tibilities of Theodore Roosevelt's ■whilom protege, William Howard Taft. GAMBLING REV. DR. BROUGHER of th« Tem ple Baptist church in discussing g-nmbling used the only kind of language (it for the subject—namely, plain language. In too many instances a gambler Is not allowed to sco himself as others see him. They are squeamish over the use of terms with which to describe him. Dr. Brougher was not squeamish. He said: "A gambler is a THIEF. The only difference between him and a highway robber is that the victim agrees to be held up and relieved of his money without squealing-, or If he gets tlie other fellow's money he Is not to squeal on him. It Is simply two thieves agreeing to try to rob each other." The tumbling element in a commu nity Is a dishonest element. Where g*mbti>ff 'n any form is tolerated dis honesty is tolerated. Those who do fend any style or method of gambling <ii|i mi :i style and method of dishon esty. There is no doubt about the cor rectness of Dr. Brougher's attltu.de. WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY was first observed In Scotland, where the heroic proportions of the American leader and the true nature of the cause he represented were rec ognized by the Scottish Kadicals. Many messages of sympathy and many con tributions of money wer3 sent from Scotland! to the American colonies, and the attitude of "popular" Scotland to officialdom in Scotland and England is depicted in Burns' lines. Burns was Rovernmentally suspected of Radicalism and of sympathy with the Americans. That he wag watched by spies Is apparent from one of his letters. In which he declares he is willing- to write for the American cause, saying: "If Mr. Perry, whose honor, after your character of him, I cannot doubt, will givo me address safe from spies, I will now and then send him any bagatelle that I may write." In the closing: lines Burns intimates plainly that but for the "bargain with England," which tied Scotland up and "palsied" her arm, his country would not have been contented with odes, contributions and "demonstrations," but would have given more active aid to the cause of liberty. Over and over again a fragment of Burns' "Washington Ode has been pub lished, as if it wero the entire compo sition. The following is a COMPLETE copy of the first Washington Birthday Ode: No Spartan tube, no Attic shell. No lyr© Aeolian I awake; 'Tis LIBERTY'S bold note I nnll, Thy harp, COLUMBIA, let me take. See rather-inr thousands while I sine, A broken chain exulting bring And dash It in a tyrant's face. And dare him to his very beard. And tell him he no more Is fear'd— |fo more the despot of Columbia's race. A tyrant's proudest Insults braved. They shout, a people freed. They hail an Empire saved. Where Is man's od-like form? Where la that brow er-«ct and bold?— That eye that can unmoved behold The wildest rage, the loudest storm That e'er created fury dared to ralie? A vaunt, thou caitiff, servile, base. That tremblest at a despot's nod. Yet, crouching under the Iron fod, ' Canst laud the arm that struck the in sulting blow. Art thou of man's imperial line? Dost boast that countenance divine? Each skulking feature answers, No. Bl'T COME. YE SONS OF I.IBERTT, COLUMBIA'S OFFSPRING. BRAVE A:- FREE. IN DANGER'S HOUR STILL FLAMTNC. IX THE VAN. TE KNOW, AND DARE MAINTAIN, THE ROYALTY OF MAN. Alfred, on thy starry throne. Surrounded by the tuneful choir— The bards that erst have struck the patriot lyre. And roused tha fre»-born Briton's soul of tirt. No more thy England own. Dare Injured nations form the great de sign To make detested t\ rants bleed? Thy England execrates the glorious deed. Keneath her hostile Danntfß waving Every pang of honor fcravlng, England In thunder calls, "Tha tyrsAfl cause Is mine." That hour accurst, how did the flrnds re joice, And hell, through all her confines, raise the exulting vnire— That hour which saw the generous English name Ltlnk't with nuch damned deeds of ever lasting shame. Thee, Caledonia, thy wild heaths among:. Famed for the martial deed, the heaven taught song. To rhee. I turn with swimming eyes; Where Is that soul of freedom tied? Imuiingleil with the mighty dead. Beneath that -hallowed turf where Wal lace lies? Hear H nnt, Wallace, in thy bed of d^ath! Ye babbling winds. In silence sweep, Disturb not ye the hero's sleep, Nor giv« the coward-secret breath: Is this the ancient Caledonian form. Firm as her rock, resißtless as her atorm? Show me thai eye which shot Immortal hat*, Blasting the despot's proudest bearing; Show me that arm which, nerved with thundering fate. Crushed usurpation'! boldest daring? Dark-quenched as yonder sinking star, No more that (lance lightens afar. That palsied arm no more whirls on the waste of war! IRELAND IT IS not surprising that John Red mond says Ireland does not de mand complete separation from Great Britain. It should not be for gotten that there are two great factions In Ireland. Both df3ire local manage ment of local affairs, or home rule, but neither is anxioug for complete sepa ration, which would necessitate the es tablishment of a big army? and a colossal navy, and would make Ireland the pawn or tool of any power that would lend her tho money for equip ment. In the course of time Ireland will provide several states of the Inevitable federation. In the meanwhile, she lias entered upon a process of Intelligent reconstruction, and Is making such advances In civilization that when the program is completed the average citi zen of Ireland will be far better off than the average citizen of most of the states of our Union. DOUBLE-ENDED GOUGE IN view of the numorous explana tions of high prices that are being offered by various authorities, the revolution of the Ice and Refriger ator Blue Book is most interesting. This book nays there are being held in cold storage in 658 plants 14,000,uu0 cat tle, 6,000,000 calves 2f),000,000 sheep and lambs, 50.000.000 hogp; in seventy-eight tiHli freezing plants, flsh valued at t"~>, --000,000; In other cold storage plants, 1,800,000,000 eggs, 130,000,000 pounds of poultry, fruits valued at J50,000,000. There are millions of pounds of pota toes, onions, thousands of turtles, eels, ia»e« of canned goods and milk, butter :uid cheese valued at $100,000,000. By the establishment of an atrocious cold LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MOU.MNG. FEBRUARY 22, 1010. Meat Trust Says the Demand Exceeds the Supply «v~ £|SjTOg^rraCT Either Abolish Monopoly Or Give It Regular License WITH hundred! of trusts so con stituted, by purchase and consol idation —many of them actual monopolies that have put UP and main tained prices through the destruction of coin pet it ion—what avails the Sher man act, which applies only to combi nations? The president stands for enforcement of the Sherman act. but not for any legislation preventing 1 the formation of trusts by actual consolidation, or for dissolution of such trusts already in existence. There Is no law In this country to prevent any man, firm, company or cor poration from buying up all tho fac tories, all the mines, all the water power, all the forests — in short, any or all industries. The Sherman law roaches a certain form of monopoly, but leaves the thing itself untouched. The Wail street Idea Is that consoli dation is good business: that trusts have arisen through natural develop ment of economy in manufacture and trade, and so should not !>•■ disturbed; that to break th^m up would destroy prosperity and bring panic and ruin. If this be true, the Sherman Inv should be repealed. If monopoly once ftorage "system," the producer li ac tually made to COMPETE AGAINST HIS OWN INDUSTRY, the goods of one season remaining in the market in competition with tlio goods of another when the producer sells to marUet, and the goods of both seasons being "harmonized" in pries when presented to the consumer! The cold storage system, which allows the" "operators" to hold down the prices paid farmers and ranchers and keep up the prices exacted from the public, is probably the most ingeniously diabolical double ended gouge ever perpetrated on the American public. OUR GOOD FORTUNE OUR relatives and friends ill the oast are suffering from frost and snow. Dally oewspapi r dispatches n well as private letters report conditions of hardship and sickness. The old south is not "sunny." hut frosty, and the fruit and orange belt of Louisi ana and the gulf coast is gripped by the worst blizzard of the winter. From the eastern states come reports of acci dents caused by slipping on Ice, ill nesses and deaths resulting from ex posure, a/id fuel bills which compel families to restrict themselves to the bare necessities of life. An eastern householder writes life is worth living only when there is a fire in every room. In lovely Los An geles, when there is ilie least little bit of chill among the sunshine, everybody cries, "My, how cold it is!" We don't know anything about really disagreeable weather. The avw&fe temperature suggests perennial spring. Here we are In the dead of winter among sunshine and flowers, reading of record breaking blizzards, unprece- dented snowstorms and climatic con ditions that may be described generally as diabolical. RATES SECRETARY FLEMING of the Los Angeles harbor commission has returned from the federal steam ship bill hearings at Washington With 'the news this coast will certainly get "some kind of relief" from rates op pression. He says: "Just what it will be I do not yet know, but I am Bure we will get some sort of service neces sary for water competition with the transcontinental railroads." This would indicate the stranglehold of railroad rates on I»s Angeles afnd Southern California industrial develop ment Is about to be broken. The I'.i cinc federal steamship question, an important factor In the case, has now. established is to be suffered to remain, it makes no difference to the public whether the trust which does the pljn , derinur is a combination or a consoli dation: whether it is a one-man affair or whether its stock is scattered among thousands of employes, "widows and j orphans" duped into its purchase, ati.l ] hundreds or thousands of other in ■ vestors all the world over. Bryan boldly advocated the breaking up of trusts. He proposed to accom plish this by a federal license law im posing a limitation on the capitaliza tion of industrial corporations engaged in interstate commerce, so as to com pel the dissolution of. great consolida tions, such as the steel trust, into their constituent plants or companies. Was Bryan right, or is Wall street right? In either easr> the American people and their government should be ((in sistent. Let monopoly be permitted and allowed to flourish undisturbed, or else abolished, no matter what form it may take. If it be evil—if it be a crime, as the common lav, lias always held —II should be wiped out. no matter who Buffers, The law does not "regulate" burglary, highway robbery or other crimes, but I punishes them.—Sacramento Bee. says Mr. Fleming, "gone t0 tne po j nt where something is bound to come of it." George "Washington was the father of his country. We don't know the relationship of the trust magnates to their country. At the risk of hurting their liner feelings we are Inclined to think there's no getting away from the fact they may be regarded as large, active, able and very strongly suc tional parasites. And in spite of the Southern Pacific man's claims we don't mean "babies." Oh, no! Taxation without representation or without adequate return is an outrage. It is ;u Kreat. an outrage in the United Btates today as it was when General Washington at a birthday party told his friends the colonists had been gov i rned too much, and must sick liber ty and relief from taxation, if they would enjoy life and the pursuit of happiness. The tariff on meat aids and abets the meat trust in gouging the public. Why should I'ni'le Sam directly or in dlrectly aid or abet a. gouge? What's the use of the tariff; on meat, anyway? Surely, in the meat headquarters: of the world no one is afraid of foreign competition! City Park Superintendent llodgers of Cincinnati is in Los Angeles to .study our park system, which is tho finest in the country. The climate of course has something to do with this, but so has the service. The best park superintendents and gardeners in the world are in Greater Los Angeles. George Washington's hatchet is the most famous piece of hardware of which there is any record. And yet some yahooish iconoclasts say it is mythical. Such history-Jarrers should be tarred and striperl. George Washington believed in giv ing every young man a chance moral ly as well as socially. He would have approved the Y. M. C. A. Help it by boosting the campaign for momber- Hhlp. Offhand, now, and without consult ing newspapers or booka, kindly te,ll us how many years it Is since the Fa ther of Hl» Country was born? I'lease do not all speak at once. Patriotism should provida free polls. Why should sordldness be an element in an election? Hello, Billboards! Los Angeles is weary of you. Public Letter Box TO COHRESPOXDEXTS—Letter, tolrndrd for publication muht be accompanied by the Dnme and ItclUrfso uf lt»e writer. The itculil jlve« ti>e widest latliniln ti> rorrenponn'enu, but loumn on rcnpon.ilhl!lt.v for (lielr vl«u», MAN TAKES THE PART OF WOMAN IN CONTROVERSY LOS I ANQBIjES, Feb. IS,—[Editor Herald]: Oh, would some power the "glftie gee" Edward Hutchison to see himself as "ithors" see htm. Recause tni'ii like him givo ex pression to such antiquated Ideas, the suffering and oppression of enslaved womanhood is made more intense. IC. H.s acquaintance with the female sex who are real women must be lim- I ited. The young and foolish women he describes are the exceptions and not the rule. Just as reasonably, say that hard times are caused by tho waste of money by men for wine and tobacco, as to say woman's extravagance in dress causes hard times. Our packed cars on thslr way to the beaches on holidays tell Which Sex Is in search of pleasure while the se!f-denyln§r, self sacrificing one is at home earing for the family. Two-thirds of the fre quenters of the day picture shows are men. It in the place to kill time for both the Idle man, made so by a sys tem that creates a hundred men for one job and for the male parasite who lives without working. Who but men design the "hideous, distorted, traves ties on shape with idiotic trimmings," etc.? If women are not producers', who produce! the 1095 meal* a year and the myriad Jobs of a household? Hundreds and hundreds of women begin :it T> o'clock in tho morning- and are still lit it at 10 p. m., for which she Sets (being a man I won't say earns) board, of course, and clothes? Yr-s, if there is anything after the rest of the family get theirs. Often her request for the necessary quarter for n pair of hose or some other trifle is met with: "What did you do with Ihe last one I save you?" That specimen of manhood Is more numerous and despicable than a woman bargain hunter. You never see a woman with plenty of money at a bargain counter. It is the woman try- Ing to make |1 go as far as JlO who frequents them. Our thousands of club worn.!', are brainy, economical women. helping their husbands in maintaining and securing homes. The butterfly kind of R. H. is in the minority. V.iv Cft»nOt Ret at the true O4&M of divorce*; no. not even by inspecting court records. The most of them are not caused by woman's extravagance. The real cause dare not as yet scarcely be mentioned. They are caused by women coming into her own. She is seeking her individual rights. She is no longer willing to submit to man's Jirutallty by being a sexual slave. In regard to hard times, K. H.s theory is another specimen of old Adam hiding behind mother Eve and saying: "Sh* did it. 1 didn't." S. ELIAS BOWMAN. SAYS EXTRAVAGANT WOMEN ARE MOSTLY MARRIED ONES I.OS ANGELES, Fib. 20.—[Editor Herald]: E. L. Hutchison asks "What is the chief cause for divorce?" My answer is that the chief cause for divorce in the violation of the seventh commandment on the part of the hus band. These extravagant women he write! oC are mostly married women, and the reason for that is that the average man clioscs that kind of woman for a wife, ajjd then complains of her extravagance afterward. The industrious, economical women are not sought to any great extent in mar riage, and they have more principle than to marry without love, for a sup port, even whrn they are sought. I can name hundreds of widows and single women who have bought homes and accumulated a comfortable bank account beeldee, on salaries which men would have considered impossible to extst upon, much less save any thing. HELEN STANDISH. SEES WASTE OF TIME IN RELIGIOUS DISCUSSION UUARTE, Feb. 18.—[Editor Herald]: The Herald's Letter Box Is, In my opin ion, one of the most Interesting feat ures of your excellent paper, and should be appreciated by all readers, especially by thoßfl whose contribu tions are published therein, but It dOM seem to me that In this day when there are so very many Important, vital ijuestiong beiore the American people inviting discussion, demanding aolutlon. it Is a useless wast* ut George Washington's Will Frederic J. Haskin iSSBHSiSIIIILE the whole nation to- PvfiT/9 ill <ia 5" will honor Iho memory iffi El °f George Washington, the 111 | p, ople at largo little dream Bk. A>R tnat through the fault of IBmoMWI thf government Itself his 1 estate Btlll remains unset tled, and that mucb of the property Which the general thought he owned when he died has been diverted to oth er people. Vet such is the case. In order- that his will may bo carried out an administrator do bonli nun has been appointed, and Itepi are being taken to have the government right the wrong which was done him. Robert E. Lee, Jr., grandson of the Confederate commander, is the administrator, and Greenlee Leteher, a son of the fa-mous war governor of Virginia, Is one Of the lawyers for the estate. L,awrciico and Samuel Washington are the agents for the heirs. it will be remembered that General Washington accepted no pay tor his ■•rvlcea as commander of the revolu tionary forces. When offered 23,000 acres of land as a gratuity for his ser vices he refused it, saying that lie had enough to provide those who were of his family with a competence. A part of the estate at the time he made this declaration was 3000 acres of land in Clermont county, Ohio. He had come into the possession of this land through the purcnase of a, land warrant calling 1 lor 3000 acres 16 be located west of the I Ohio river. Jt had been issued regu larly by Governor Dunmore In favor of John Rootes. In 1785 the Virginia legis lature passed an act making valid such warrants as that held by Washington, and providing that they should be lo cated on the western side of the Ohio river, In the vacant land reserved for the officers and soldiers of the Revolu tion. Later Washington bought a warrant for 100 acres of land Issuud to Thomas Cope for service In the Continental line from Virginia. He then hud his two warrants entered, with S3!) acres of land In Franklin township, Clermont county. Ohio, 1233 acres In taiama township, on the Little Miami river, 848 acres In Union township and 129 acres In An derson township, Hamilton county. The Virginia legislature afterward perfect ed Washington's titles. *• • ■ • When Virginia ceded to the general government the territory of which-the state of Ohio now forms a part, it was expressly stipulated that all necessary land between the Scioto and Litlle Mi ami rivers should be reserves for the satisfaction of such military land war rants as Virginia. issued or might issue to those who .fought in defense of their country. Under the general laws of the state every major general In her line of the Revolutionary army was entitled to approximately 25,000 acres of land. Washington was the only one of them who did not take ad vantage of this provision, and in keep ing with his ftxed principle to accept no compensation for his services ex cept that which arises from a sense of patriotic duty earnestly preformed, he never accepted a foot of land or other financial reward from .the nation he had done so much to found. A rumor at one time reached the ears of General Washington that oth ers were locating upon his lands In Ohio He wroto to the officials in charge and was assured that such was not the case, but that if any steps were taken placing them in jeopardy he would be notified. He paid taxes on these, lands until the time of his death and his heirs continued to do so for some time thereafter. In his will he bequeathed the property to certain of his heirs and advised them against selling at an early date, as he believed the rapid enhancement in its value would provide them a better invest ment than any other securities In wlfich the money derived from its sale could be invested. It was on this ad vice >f Washington that the heirs held the land. .Meanwhile other people came m and made a second entry upon the land. That they were squatters Is shown by the fact'that the surveyor used the held notes of the Washington survey in locating the entries. There were various proceedings In congress from time to time intended to protect the title of the Washington estate to the Ohio land, but the matter was never adjusted and was finally lost Sight of after the last action of the original executors of tl.e estate. There were other second locations of lands on the western reserve, but in every case It is said that the losses were made good either by relocations or scrip. Washington's e.rtate alone n^t its lands for good. In 1852 there wai a law enacted providing for the Issuance of scrip in such cases, hut the affairs of the Washington estate had been settled and there was no one to make the application for the scrip. In 1R99 there was another law enacted which cut off the right to have these old warrants satisfied by scrip. It is held by the Washington heirs that this law was unconstitutional: that one of the conditions upon which Virginia gave her western territory valuable time and space for men to engage in polemical warfare. It Is fre quently stated that one cun prove any thing by the bible, according to what interpretation is placed upon different passage*. Look at the various denom inations, creed*, sects and belief; all over the work!. The priest denied by his church the nature-given right to the blessing! of wife and children, the Mormon elder claiming the right, ac cording to his religion, to have as nmnv changes of wives as he desires, the Hindu a slave to •'caste,- the Christians striving to convert the heathen, the Moslems despising the •Christian dogs." the Theosophlsts with their "purple mother," the Chris tian Scientists, Doweyites, Doukhobors, Burning Bushites, Holy Rollers, Holy Horrors! A man or woman possessed of a strong personality can announce .some new belief and secure a following. As In the vegetable world, we often find peculiar or abnormal growths common ly called "freaks," so In the ease of the man animal from before Christ down to the present day have been produced remarkable men and women differing from thn ordinary run of hu man beings. From a physical stand point an over-sized person we call a giant, an under-sixed one a dwarf, a Millie Christine-Christine Millie a freak of nature, while in any museum of anatomy one. can see horrible mon strosities. When w«" come to study the mental characteristics we use the term genius or prodigy. We have had mu sical and mathematical prodigies, me chanical and military geniuses, masters of various arts. If Bishop or Tyndall had lived 2000 years ago, possessed of their peculiar powers, they would have passed for g°<ls- I' <''irißt's mission oai earth had been delayed until the pres ent time he would ih all probability be called a religious fanatic. One cannot but wonder what the na tions of the earth would be like today if the humble carpenter of Nazareth had never appeared on the ' Ipena and called Into existence the new sect. Re ligious belief, or more correctly speak ing the difference in religious I bel'ef, has been the cause of more bloody wars, massacres, suffering, horrible persecutions : and inhuman-, cruelties than anything ttM the,world has ever to the union was that these warrants should be satisfied, making the matter one of trust, against which no statu-' tory limitations can apply. The heirs hold that the obligation Is a debt of the government and that the fourteenth amendment to tho constitution flxpllc itly sets forth that the public debt," au thorlzed by law, shall never bo ques tioned—that is, shall never bo extin- j guished by limitation or repudiation, but shall run until paid. Tn 1871 there was still 170,000 acres of land In the reserved district, held sub ject to the warrants of revolutionary officers and soldiers,, and this land was transferred to the state of Ohio. When Washington died, as Is shown by his will, he believed himself worth $530, --000. But when his estate was settled therevwas only $124,000 realized, aside from Iho lands not sold. Much of this shrinkage is represented by the loss of the Ohio lands. * • • The heirs arc not asking that they be put in possession of the lands Which once belonged to the estate. Neither are they asking the government to pay them what the lands are now worth in their highly Improved condition, If they did their claim would amount to millions. They simply ask that they be paid what the land would bo worth today as an unbroken forest—sloo per acre, or $305,100 in all. There Is little prospect of the claim being granted at this session of congTess, as that body is now trying to economize. The government took good care, or most of the other revolutionary heroes. General Lawson got 10,000 acres of land, Peter Muhlenburg received 13,000 .„ acres. Daniel Morgan was assigned 23,000 acres, Oeneral Steuben was granted 15,000 acres and an annuity of $2500 for life. General Lafayette was given 11,520 acres of land at one time, and later a whole township. He was also given $200,000 In gold at one time and $24,000 at another. Arnold Henry Dohrman, whose name Is not familiar to the average American, was given 23,000 acres. In all these cases it was a pure gratuity. In the case of the Washington estate the heirs aro sim ply asking thta what was Washing ton's In law and equity be restored to them. Washington never accepted a foot of land or a dollar of money Tor his services, and yet even the land he acquired by purchase was not pro tected in his possession. Heroes of war usually have fared well at the hands of their countrymen, financially as well as otherwise. And they have never, except in the case of Washington, refused the financial re turn that has gone with the reward of honor and affection. England has al ways been liberal to its heroes. After Waterlook the duke of Wellington was given the estate at Strathfleldsaye, valued at more than $1,300,000. Lord Wolseley received $125,000 for the com pletion of the Ashantl campaign. Sir Hugh Gordon and Sir Colin Campbell each received a life annuity of $10,000 for services rendered by them. Lord Roberts received $500,000 for his South African services and Lord Kitchener $150,000. The ex-presldents of the French republic receive an annuity of $240,000. . . It must not be presumed, however, that the Washington case is the only just claim that is pending against the government. The aggregate face value of the unsatisfied claims amounts to a shado less than two billion dollars. Perhaps half of these might be con sidered Improper or questionable claims. Of the others, perhaps half might be scaled down at least 50 per cent. But the others! What tragedies are locked up in the records of those claims. Estates lost, people beggared, hopes deferred and hearts made sick! However just the claim there are al ways years of heart-breaking delay, and in many cases the grim specters that haunt the halls of congress tell bitter tales of defeat, Sespair and star vation. ... I Who has not heard of the famous red apple lobbyist? For years and years he camped In the corridors of the capl tol with red apples for statesmen. The federal troops had transformed his orchards and gardens Into military em bankments for tho fortification of Washington. Congress gave him a few hundred dollars, but only enough to emphasize the injustice Then one house voted him new relief, but con gress expired before the other branch voted on the measure. Six times one branch or the other approved his claim, but only once did both approve during the same session. This time It went to the president, but congress expired before he signed the bill. Despairing of relief at the hands of congress he sought a laborer's job in one of the de- * partments. He got a temporary ap pointment that soon ended. And now the red apple lobbyist Is out in the cold of a Washington winter. He is old sick and sorrowful. He is keeping body and soul together by selling news papers. Tomorrow— New Id»» In Education. known. There Is no strife so bitter as religious strife, no hatred so deep as. religious hatred, no fanaticism so dan gerous and blood craving. The Cru saders slaughtered without mercy and then knelt in prayer. The massacre of the Huguenots was planned In churches dedicated to the worship of God The Spaniards in Mexico carried the 'cross in one hand and the sword in the other. Today the Turks kill the Armenians, the Russians kill the Jews. This earth has been fairly drenched with human blood and what benefit has mankind derived from it? To come back to where I started, what la the usa of arguing over questions concern ing religion? No possible good can come of it. There are questions no one can solve. v. ■ • I,ivo honestly; if you owe your fel low man a dollar pay him. Speak the truth, be just, do what good you can. Do not worry over the future life, for ■ the man does not live who knows It there is a future. If there is, we will all have plenty of company, an.d if there Is not wo will never know it , . . -. >:.. . M. SAYS WOMEN SHOULD TRY TO REDUCE BURDENS LOS ANGELES, Feb. 21.-[Edltor Herald]: Mr. Hutchison has not yet been answered according to his desire. Caroline Wliarton falls into the error of -supposing a part answers lor tho whole, but though each one of us could rite instances in which the greatest wisdom Is exercised by tho women of a family in limiting ex penditure on dress and pleasure to the easy possibilities of income, by so do ing we should have given no answer to the question as to whether or not extravagance In these matters is a prevailing curse of our time, and I hope that some one with better brains and greater knowledge than I possess will answer Mr. Hutchison's accusa tions with wisdom and calmness. In the meantime, instead of hurling in vectives at him for his severe Judg ment upon us, we should each do well to consider whether, by any ex travagance, we unnecessarily add to tin- burdeus burne by our bread winners. iJESSIE WOOO.