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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, February 24, 1910, Image 1

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[A PAGES
vorl xxxvii. iilJTY^lT 1 • Ad P <l7''lV rrQ by carrier
NUMBER 149. ' XMiH-'.Ej. 1U l^Jill>±>s I'ER MONTH
TAFT CONFESSES
ADMINISTRATION
TOO EXPENSIVE
Says He Believes Govern
ment Can Be Run Much
More Cheaply
EMPLOYES SHIRKERS
Chief Executive and Sen.
Lodge Address Newark
Business Men
NEWARK, M. J., Feb. 2 (.—President
Taft prefaced Ills prepared address be
fore the Newark board of trade tonight
with a passionate statement of his feel
ings, after being a yeai In the - White
House, which brought the audience to
Its feet with cheers. He took occasion
to pay his respect* to the newspapers,
saying he was going home to Washing
ton to avoid them. «
"I had" not intended to say anything
on the subject of my first year In the
White House," he said. "It Is true I
told Governor .Murphy I wanted to
make good a year ago.* X am not certain
of doing it now. When the newspapers
are prone to criticism and sometime*
unite in hammering your administration,
treating It sometimes with contemptuous
disdain and sometimes with patronizing
friendship, It is hard to overcome the
feeling that perhaps you ought to he
gin all over again.
' "In view of all that, to have received
the welcome which I did today, gives a
little hope that, perhaps the newspapers
don't carry In their pockets all of pub
lic opinion, and that perhaps the Ameri
can people are able to see through
something of hyporrritlrisni, something
of hysteria and something of hypocrisy,
and to have a real sympathy with the
man . who under considerable responsi
bility Is doing the best he can."
KAssociataii Press]
VTEWARK N. J., Feb. 23.— President
\ Taft, the first chief executive
-^-' since Grant to visit Newark, to
night addressed one of the largest and
most enthusiastic dinner audiences he
has met In all his travels. The banquet
was given by the Newark board of
trade and more than 800 members and
guests attended.
Mr. Taft took for his theme the sub
ject of governmental economy,' and said
he shared the hope that the commission
which is to be appointed to revise the
business methods of 'the big depart
ments at Washington may effect a sav
ing of $100,000,000 a year. .. > . »■: -
Mr. Taft left at 11 o'clock last night
for Jersey City, whece his car was
switched to tho midnight train for
Washington. ». -.»■■-.-
Ho came to Newark this afternoon
~by automobile from New York. At
Harrison the school children halted the
president's car and one little fellow
made a patriotic speech. Mr. Taft re
sponded and thanked the children for
their welcome. *
Senator Lodge of Massachusetts,
Governor Fort of New Jersey, and the
president were the principal speakers
at the banquet.
Taft Acknowledges Delight
■ President Taft, after acknowledging
the pleasure of being afforded the op
portunity to speak ,to the business men
of New Jersey, said:
"When I accepted the Invitation to
come here I learned that I was to have
the pleasure of being a fellow guest
with my friend, Senator Lodge, and
that he was to take up the question of
high prices, a question which has oc
cupied the attention of all the people,
and has invited the investigation into
its cause by the congress of the United
.. States and by some of the state legis
latures. ,
"For my part of the evening I should
like to direct your attention to a more
prosy subject—to the question of gov
ernment expenses and government rev
enues, and the possible economies and
what expenditures are essential at
whatever burden of taxation.
"It has so happened that in many
years of the past the revenues have
increased more rapidly than the ex
penditures and there has been a sur
plus. In the life of the Dingley bill,
which carried us from 1896 to 1908, the
revenues exceeded the expenditures by
about $250,000,000, but the surplus took
place In the early years, so that in
1908 we had a deficit, and in 1909 we
had a deficit.
"The calculations of the secretary of
the treasury for the present year
showed the deficit' was likely to be
$34,000,000 in respect to ordinary re
ceipts and expenditures. In addition,
however, to the ordinary deficit we
have to add the Panama canal ex
penditure for Immediate provision of
$38 000,000, or, what was estimated to
be'a total' deficit of $72,UU0,000 is now
reduced considerably.
:. "By meeting the expenditures on
the Panama canal with the proceeds
of bond Issues we have enough cash
in the treasury to meet the deficit in
our ordinary expenses, for the current
year. On the other hand, if the con
gress proposes to add to the expen
ditures of the government over those
estimated for new enterprises in the
river and harbor bill and for the con
struction of the federal buildings under
a building act, it will be easy to con
sume or exceed the entire surplus.
"Every one must admit the wisdom
of providing for the payment of the
canal expenditure by bonds. This is
a work of a permanent character, and
it seems only fair that that which we
provide .in ■ such a generous measure
for posterity, should be paid for, in
part, at least, by posterity. ...
"Not only is luck a. principle Just
in a case like the Panama canal, but
it seems to be appropriate to adopt it
with • reference to other projects. I
* refer to those definite ; projects that
have' been agreed • upon in respect to
tlw Improvement of our Inland water
ways. I would not . begin the expen
diture ;of any". money on - any project
the ' wisdom ;of which had not been
fully vindicated: but having deter
mined to put . through the improve
ment. it ought not to be done by fits
. and starts, but it ought to be done as
"""This statement'has peculiar appli
cation to . the river and harbor bill.
which ' now < has • passed the house.
Theu-the Ohio river improvement, to
cost $63,000,000, Is entered on and an
appropriation made for Its continuing.
(Continued on I'age Two)
LOS ANGELES HERALD
INDEX OF
HERALD'S NEWS
TODAY
FORECAST
For Los Angeles and vicinity—Fair
Thursday, tecoming cloudy at night;
light north wind, changing to south.
Maximum temperature yesterday, 65
degrees; minimum temperature, 44
degrees.
LOS ANGELES
Former policeman seeks children; Is
shot at by Weft Twenty-third street
woman and is arrested. PAGE 6
John Ha nueehek, IS years old, con
fesses to attempt to poison mother.
PAGE 8
Three swindlers convicted of obtain
ing money under falsa pretenses;
will be sentenced Friday. PAGE 8
Byea of *rand jurors turned to board
of supervisors; wording of (?ood roads
specifications looks suspicious. PAGE S
Solons refuse chock for $400; present
offered by taxpayers returned. PAGE 5
Tax Collector Tapgart reduces expenses
by combining: two offices. PAGE 5
Fight la begun over lUley estate; two
suits belnje tried. PAGE 5
City gets clear title to Temple street
property. PAGE 6
City attorney instructed to Investigate
Pacific Electric 1 a proposed four-track
system. PAGE 5
Slot machine case taffen into court. PAGE 5
Echo Park playground republic having
political campaign with election to
morrow. PAGE 9
Good citizens of L.os Angeles county
asked to contribute to good work
done by Good Government fund. PAGE 9
Tuma land line standing "pat" and
homostekers band together to pro
tect their interests. PAGE 9
Chamber of commerce board of direc
tors preparing for busy season. PAGS 9
Missionary Julius Soper says Japanese
have great future In spite of their
weaknesses and. defects, PAGB 9
Y. M. C. A. "aviators" will make rec
ord finish of membership campaign
today. PAGB 11
Scalp of street foreman demanded;
Brooklyn Heights citizens make
charges against Ninth ward man.
PAGE 11
Hollywood foothill property being ebld
rapidly. PAGE 9
Territory to east of Los Angeles seeks
entrance to city. PAGE 16
Moskovics plans circuit of moto'rdomes;
will Invite aviators and aeroplane
manufacturers to exhibit here. PAGEj 16
Arrests mada In "Black Hand" case;
Mr. and Mrs. de Turk taken to county
jail pending Todd Inquest. PAGE 3
City attorney reports aa lawful passes
on car lines to city employes. PAGE 16
Editorial, Letter Box, Haskln's letter.
PAGU 4
Marriage licenses, Births, deaths. PAGE 14
Society. PAGEJ 6
Music. PAGB 8
Citrus fruit. . PAGE 12
News of th» courts. PAQE 5
Municipal affairs. PAGE 6
Sports. PAGES 10-11
Automobiles. PAGB 11
Mines and oil fields. PAGB 13
Markets and financial. PAGB 12
Building permits. PAGB 13
Theaters. PAGE 8
City brevities. PAGE 6
Classin.nl advertising. PAGES 14-15
COAST
Engineer killed and eleven Injured In
S. P. head-on crash at Treuch camp.
PAGE 8
Finding no money on clergyman, high
wayman near Douglas. Aril., forces
former to eat big meal. PAGE 1
EASTERN
Gypsies hold girl for more than year.
PAGE 9
Trading dull In New York stock mar
ket; Philadelphia atrlko disquieting.
PAQE 12
Attorney General Wickersham claims
Standard Oil company la monopoly.
PAGE 1
Bank's capital and surplus taken by a
clerk; warrant Issued for arrest of
former Cambridge, Mass., bookkeeper.
PAGE S
Philadelphia police unable to cope with
strike rioters and enlist assistance
of state constabulary. PAGE 1
Gov. Hughes wrong in the argument
and solon declares governor stands
alone. PAGE 2
Senator Beverldge recalls Roosevelt's
warning that United States might
lose Alaskan coal deposits. PAGB 1
Members of alleged milk trust Indicted
In New York. PAGE 1
Mrs. Vaushn. wife of Missouri profes
sor, says poison was put In husband's
body after death. PAGE 11
Flag rescued by steeplejack from top
of staff In Chicago's Masonic temple.
PAGE 11
Attorneys say Alld» was ordered by
Platt Vo take money given him. PAGE! 1
FOREIGN
Revolutionists driven back by Nicara
guan government forces and bloodiest
battle of war is fought. PAGE 1
Nlcarafiuan troops routed by Insurgent
forces. PAGE 1
Chinese troops Invade Thibet and pil
lage l.hassa and head of hierarchy
llees for his life. PAGE 3
Source of trust evils In United States
pointed out by Auaten Chamberlain
In house of commons. PAGE S
Dove of peace hovers over Venezuela.
says ministers. PAGE 3
MINING AND OIL
Mess cook sues San Gabriol Canyon
Black Rock Gold Mine for back pay.
PAGB 13
Crown Oil company begins operations
In the Big Sespe district. PAGE 13
Clark mines at Butte. Mont., resume
operations. PAGE 13
Bakersflold-Mojave pipe line urged by
oil men. PAGE 13
SPORTING
Frankle Conley and manager quarrel
over bußlneas matters and dissolve
partnership. PAGE 10
Battling Nelson leaves Frisco for Chi
cago, but says he wants return match
with Woigast. PAGE 10
Sewell comes to life suddenly and wins
Emeryville feature; poor starting
mars Juarez racing. PAGE 10
Los Angeles delegation to Nelson-
Wolgaat fight returning with loads of
northern__gold. PAGE 10
ITALIAN BOOKKEEPER TAKEN
AS MEMBER OF BLACK HAND
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 23.—Carlo
Felico TitH, an Italian bookkeeper In a
local bank, was arrested yesterday on
Information furnished the police by
fellow countrymen of the prisoner,
charged with being an anarchist and a
member of the Black Hand. He will
be sent to Angel island pending ex
amination as to his identity.
According to a report received from
Italy', Tita was arrested there many
times for alleged blackmailing, rob
bery and assault to murder. Tita
claims that he came to this country in
1906, but the immigration officials are
positive that he comes under the three
year limit and may-be deported.
THURSDAY MORNING. FEBRUARY 24, 1910.
POLICE UNABLE
TO COPE WITH
STRIKE RIOTERS
Quaker City Officials En
list Assistance of State
Constabulary
STRIFE CONTINUES
Efforts Today Will Be Di
rected Towards Mobs
of Kensington
[Associated Press)
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 23.—Police
\~ officials of this city today virtu
■*- ally acknowledged inability to
cope with the strike situation, when a
request was made of John C. Groome,
superintendent of the state police, that
the 200 members of his command be
brought to this city for police duty.
This request was made notwithstand
ing that serious rioting was less fre
quent today than on any day since the
strike of the street car men began last
Saturday. The state police are ex
pected to reach here tomorrow morn
ing and will doubtless be sent into the
Kensington district.
Efforts of the police tomorrow will
be concentrated in clearing the Ken
sington district of mobs.
For the first time the Rapid Transit
company succeeded in running its cars
until 6 o'clock on the Frankford line,
which penetrates this unruly territory.
At that hour cars on all lines were re
turned to the barns. .
Four policemen guarded each car
and detectives patrolled the route all
day in automobiles. - Whenever a group
of men formed detectives rushed them,
and even followed the ringleaders into
the houses until they captured them.
In spite of the vigilance of the police,
many car .windows were broken, and
the company was finally obliged "to use
sheet iron ; windows in place of glass
panes. .
Police Clears Tracks
While the police were busy keeping
tracks clear for the lines in Kensing
ton lines in other parts of the city
were run on much reduced schedules,
and on several of the West Philadel
phia and downtown lines an attempt
was made to run cars all day, although
these sections were comparatively
quiet. , ,
The shopping district on Market
street was again the scene of almost
continuance disturbance, especially at
the noon hour.
Baldwin's locomotive works wa# the
sceno of a disturbance at noon. One
employe was shot in the foot and
about fifty shots were flred at laborers
who sought refuge on the upter floors
of the buildings and hurled bolts and
nuts at policemen guarding oars.
Every time a head appeared at a,
window it was a target for a bullet
from policemen's revolvers. On one oc
casion a whistle signaling tho exp ra
tion of the lunch hour, brought hostili
ties to a close.
Company Issues Statement
Late today the Rapid Transit com
pany Issued a statement in which it is
claimed that "the strikers cannot and
will not win." In part the statement
'""There is no possibility of this com
pany dealing on any basis wtih tne
rr.en who have en- leered ..e events
of the last three days."
The heavy hand of the law pressed
hard today on some of the men and
boys who have been arrested for riot
ing Elwood Carr. alleged to have been
a ringleader in a riot in the Kensing
ton district, was sentenced to six years
in the county prison. John Kline was
Eiven two years and Ellis Atkins a
similar sentence. A 17-year-old boy
was sent to the Huntingdon reforma
tory tor thirteen months for throwing
mUsiles at a car and other boys and
men were sentenced to two or three
months each.
Clergymen Discuss Situation
Leading clergymen of the city held
a conference today to discuss means
of bringing the strike to a peaceable
termination. Archbishop Ryan head
of the Roman Catholic faith in this
city Bishop L. B. Wilson of the Meth
odist Episcopal church, Dr. Floyd
Tompkins, a prominent Protestant
Episcopalian; Rev. L. B. Hafer, a well
known Lutheran, and Drs. Joseph
Krapof and Leon Elmirh, rabbis of
the most prominent Jewish synagogues,
were leaders of the conference partici
pated in by forty-clergymen. The re
sult of their deliberations was not an-
Telegrams wore Bent to President
Taft and to Senator Penrose by the
officials of the Street Car Men's union
today saying:
"Union men on strike here offer ser
vices for operation of mail and news
paper cars as was done throughout last
strike. Company refuses to allow the
union men to operate mail cars and
has today forced them oft their mall
cars by summary discharges. Interfer
ence with mail operations, therefore,
comes from the company and not from
the strikers."
Fencibles Victim of Jokes
The placing on guard of the state
fencibles along Lehigh avenue yester
day 13 admitted to have been a mis
take. The members of thla organiza
tion, which enjoys the use of a city
armory, are mostly very young men,
some of them mere boys.
They were placed all along the street
and when the residents of the great
mill district of Kensington heard of
the arrival of the young soldiers they
turned out In force to greet them.
Practical jokes of every description
were played upon the members of the
fencibles. Some were partially stripped
of their clothing and after their arms
had been taken from them were chased
up and down the streets by bands of
young roughs. The girls of the dis
trict collected the brans buttons from
the uniforms as souvenirs.
The third death as the result of the
conflict between the police and the
strike sympathizers occurred today
when John Heugh, 18 years of age,
died in the Samadtan hospital. A po
liceman who was'protecting a motor
man saw boys throwing stones at the ]
car He opened tire at them and one |
bullet struck Heugh In the neck.:
Heugh Is the boy who in ante-mortcm j
statement to the coroner mild he was ;
one of an organized gang of 150 carpet
mill employes who had agreed to aa
aemble and attack cars.
REVOLUTIONISTS
FORCED TO FLEE;
400 ARE KILLED
Goverment Troops Gain
D*. cisive Victory Over
Mcaraguan Rebels
FIGHT SEVEN HOURS
Battle Bloodiest One in
Present Insurrection in
Central America
[Associated Press]
MANAGUA, Feb. 23.—Another vic
tory over the revolutionists has
been announced by Gen. Toledo,
Nicaraguan minister of war. The an
nouncement was based on an official
ditpatth received from Gen. Rivas, in
command of the government forces,
who engaged the revolutionists under
Gen. Chamorro at Tisma, which is
twelve miles from Masaya.
Gen. Toledo also made known the
fact that the losses on b<sth sides had
been heavy, and that <ne battle had
lasted seven hours, resulting in the
bloodiest fighting of the war. ,
The revolutionists were finally forced
to abandon their position.
The government asserts that Cha
morro was in personal command of the
enemy, and admits that the engage
ment was fought with varying fortunes
until late in the afternoon, when the
forces under Gen. Lara, a government
commander, were In a disordered con
dition. A request was then sent out
for reinforcements, and these, arriving
an hour later, turned the tide of battle.
» Victory Is Celebrated
Gen. Rivas' dispatch was posted on
the coiners, bands appeared In the
streets and a general celebration fol
lowed. The dispatch says:
"The battle began at 8 a. m. Febru
ary 22, Lara attacking the enemy, who
were them occupying Tlsma. Masis
(provisional forces) with two Maxims
inliicted serious losses, and the advan
tage was with him until 3 p. m., When
Chavarria and later Valdez and then
Garrida, Zeledon, Vasquez and Aguilar
arrived with reinforcements from three
sides. The firing ceased at 6:30. Tho
battle was the bloodiest yet, there be
ing much hand-to-hand fighting with
machetes. Lara's men charged Masis'
Maxims, capturing one.
"The losses are estimated at 400 killed
and wounded. A detachment of govern
ment troops were taken prisoners, but
later their rescue was effected. Cha
morro succeeded in reorganizing his
forces and rushed the trenches occupied
by Gen. Ramirez at 3 o'clock this morn
ing at Tipitapa. The fighting lasted
four hours, when the government
troops dislodged the insurgents, who
were deevmatod by a gailtng fire. They
abandoned their dead and wounded,
but succeeded in making their way
through in the direction of Satella, their
object evidently being to effect a Junc
tion with Mena,"
INSURGENTS ROUT
MADRIZ'S TROOPS
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.—Victories
of immense importance to the Insurgent
army in Nicaragua are told in dis
patches being received today at the
state department.
Gen. Chamorro, with the main divis
ion of the Insurgent army, has com
pletely invested the government's
troops sent out to check him, and by ar
rtank movement has taken the city of
Granada. The Chamorro family is pow
erful there, and the capture of the city
is important.
It is inferred that Gen. Estrada, once
believed to be going in the direction of
Greytown, is marching to make a Junc
tion with Chamorro and attack Mana
gua. The losses of government troops
have been territic in the guerrilla war
fare which has raged for the last few
days. Dispatches say that after the
engagement of February 19 scores of
unburied dead lay upon the fields. The
losses of the provisional troops were
slight.
Disorder and panic are spreading
through the Madrlz troops and the gov
ernment, all trains on the railroad east
of Managua have been abandoned, and
the line is used only for military pur-
The situation In the surrounding
country is becoming more serious for
the government. The insurgents also
recaptured the government steamer
Victoria on Lake Managua.
INSURGENT LEADER WINS
BATTLE; GRANADA CAPTURED
BLUEFIELDS, Feb. 23.—Telegrams
from the front reporting victory throw
Blucflelds into the throes of Jubilation
tonight.
In one telegram Gen. Mena reported
the complete rout of the government
forces at Vicente.
The others said the Important city
of Granada was in the hands of the
revolutionists: that the steamer Victo
ria which plies Lake Nicaragua, had
been captured, and that Gen. Aurolio
Estrada, with 1000 men, has formed a
Junction with Gen Chamorro, and that
their combined force was now marching
northward and on to Managua. The
only disappointing feature of the days
news was the failure definitely to lo
cate the whereabouts of Chamorrp.
FINDING NO MONEY ON
PARSON, BANDIT FORCES
411 M TO EAT BIG MEAL
BOeOttAf, Ariz., Feb. 23.—While
ilrlviuK through South I'ass yesterday
■bout eighteen nilles from Tombstone,
Ilev. A. J. Benedict, pastor of the Con
gregational I'liurrh, was held up at the
point of a gun by a lone highwayman.
After searching the reverend gentleman
and getting nothing for his trouble, the
highwayman discovered a lunch of no
small proportion* in the buggy, which
he commanded the man of the cloth to
eat on the penalty of death.
The lunch was all eaten in record
breaking time. Key. Mr. Benedict
nearly choked himself to death la the
performance. 1I» wan then allowed to
go his way. The. highwayman haa not
been arrested.
Senator Beveridge Seeks to
Prevent Alaskan Land Grab
SENATOR A. J. BEVERIDGE
HEEDS WARNING
OF ROOSEVELT
! BEVERIDGE WOULD SAFEGUARD
ALASKAN COAL
Recalls Former President's Words in
1896, Indiana Senator Urges
That Private Interests
Be Headed Off
[Special to Tho Herald.]
WASHINGTON. D. C, Feb. 23.—
Senator Beveridge in the senate today
urged that the warning sounded by
former President Roosevelt in 1896, to
the effect that big interests might
gobble up the rich Alaskan coal fields,
bo heeded. Explaining the nature of
bills he introduced, relating to Alaskan
coal deposits, he predicted that they
would in time he sorely needed by the
United States. He estimated that the
total coal tonnage of Alaska Is 15,000,
--000,000 tons.
He argued that this great fuel re
serve should not pass from the owner
ship of this country and that steps
should be taken at once to safeguard
it from private ownerships and to pro
vide for its development by loans.
The senate was in session two hours
today. The house sat longer and
passed the Sherley bill for a. uniform
bankruptcy law.
Senator Beveridge, supporting his
bills for the development of Alaskan
coal, called attention to the fact that,
if disposed of at all, the Alaska coal
land must be disposed of at a flat rate
of $10 an acre. He pointed out that
in 1906 President Roosevelt withdrew
all these coal lands from entry, but
that no law had ever been passed con
firming this withdrawal. It was to
confirm this withdrawal and to make
it the act of congress itself that he
introduced the first bill.
Speaking of the second bill, he said
congress had too long delayed the ap
plication of this plain principle of
public policy to the various mineral
deposits that once belonged to the
"Had this been done in the case of
the iron ore deposits, which long since
have passed into private hands, said
Mr. Beveridge, "the nation today
would be receiving enormous royalties
that would have gone far toward pay
ing the expenses of the government,
and at the same time special interests
now owning and operating these ore
deposits would have mad.' reasonable
profits Instead of tho enormous profits
that have gone to build up some of the
mightiest aggregations of capital and
some of the most tremendous fortunes
in this country, indeed, in the history
of the world."
ALLDS ORDERED BY
PLATT, SAYS COUNSEL
Defense in Bribery Case Places Re
sponsibility on Shouders of
Former Republican
Leader
ALBANY, N. V., Feb. M.-In open
ing the case for the defense today in
the senate investigation of Senator
Conger's charge that Senator J. V.
Allds accepted money to smother a
bridce bill in the assembly in 1901,
Martin W. Littleton, leading counsel
for Allds. charged that his client had
acted as he did regarding the bridge
bills of 1901 on the orders of Thomas
C Platt, who at that time was United
States senator and recognized leader
of the Republican party in the state.
Telegrams and letters from Platt were
produced to show this.
SLAYER, IN DEATH CHAIR,
CRIES SHAME; THEN DIES
OSSINING, N. V., Feb. 23.—Carlo
Giro, convicted of murdering Mrs.
Sophie L. Staber In Brooklyn last July,
was electrocuted in Sing Sing prison
today, protesting his innocence to the
last. Just before the current was
turned on the condemned man mur
mured a prayer and then cried:
"Shame on you, Christian .people,
who put mo to death when I am not
guilty."
-; SINGLE COPIES: DAILY. 2c: SUNDAY. 5o
OIJM ijC Llhl LAAI IJCjO . ON TRAINS. S CJENTB
LAW CLUTCHES
TRUST AT LAST
CONSOLIDATED MILK EX-
CHANGE IS INDICTED
New Jersey Corporation Is Charged
with Successful Conspiracy
to Fix Wholesale Price
of Milk
[Associated Press]
NEW YORK, Feb. 23.—The so-called
milk trust was indicted in New York
today.
After a long grand jury investigation
a blanket indictment was handed
down in the criminal branch of the
supreme court, naming eight of seven
teen directors of the Consolidated -Milk
exchange, a New Jersey corporation,
and charging that they met June 29,
1901), in New York and "conspired to
gether and with others to fix the
wholesale price uf milk and did fix It
at $1.41 for a forty-quart can of milk."
One year in prifon and a fine of not
more than $500, or both, is the penalty
for each offense, which is a misde
meanor.
Bench warrants were issued for the
eight directors. They are: Walter R.
Comfort, president of the Robert Reid
Ice Cream company, a director of the
Aetna National bank, the Delavan
Consolidated Milk company and sev
eral other corporations; Thomas O.
Smith of Thomas Smith & Sons; Fred
erick E. Seiter, a milk dealer of
Newark, N. J.; Daniel Bailey, a milk
producer; John A. Mcßride, a milk
dealer of Sussex, N. J.; Henry F.
Huntmann of the Standard Dairy com
pany; James A. Howell of the Howell-
Demarest Dairy company; George
Slaughter of the R. E. Stevens Dairy
company.
Nine other directors of the exchange
escaped indictment, having earned im
munity by testifying before the grand
jury and before 'he state inquiry into
the milk trade, which Is still in
progress.
The Consolidated Milk exchange was
formed under the laws of New Jersey
soon after the supreme court of this
state annulled the charter of the old
milk exchange.
Today's indictments are the first spe
cific results obtained by the state since
it began its investigation of the milk
trade in Greater New York
A commissioner appointed by the at
torney general has been holding hear
ings at which such important evidence
was obtained as to warrant it being
laid before the grand jury. The grand
jury will consider further evidence.
BOY 7 YEARS OLD GIVES
LECTURE TO SCIENTISTS
Master Fenton Turck of Chicago
Takes Rank Among Intellec
tual Prodigies
CHICAGO, Feb. 23.—With a display
of bacteria mounted on slides to show
his perfect knowledge of the subject
under discussion, Fenton B. Turck, Jr.,
7 years old, took his place as one of
the "prodigies" tonight at the Chicago
Lcademy of Sciences.
Master Turck is the son of Dr. Fen
ton B Turok of the Postgraduate
Medical college of Chicago. His testi
mony as to the knowledge he possessed
was well exemplified at the "micros
copical soiree" of the local academy
and the boy well proved his versatility
by adjusting the compound mlscros
cope under which his exhibits were
placed.
Chicago scientists now claim to be on
a par with Boston, so far as "prodi
gies" are concerned. The son of Pro
fessor Sidis of Harvard has long been
considered wonderful because of his
mathematical attainments, but the dis
play of intimacy with technical sub
jects tonight by Master Turck places
him In the same class with Master
Sldiß.
PULLMAN RATES UNCHANGED
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 28.—At the
conference today between the members
of the railroad commission and the
attorneys for the Pullman Car com
pany the matter of a change In Pull
man rates in this state was discussed.
No action was taken. The commission
will meet tomorrow at Bakersfleld and
Friday at Fresno.
CENTS
ATTY. GENERAL
SAYS STANDARD
OIL MONOPOLY
Wickersham Draws Line
Between Octopus and
Tobacco Trust
CASES IN HIGH COURT
U. S. Tribunal Will Ren
der No Decision Until
After March 14
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23—While
the -upreme court of the United
States has vouchsafed no inti
mation on the subject, it is generally
supposed here the decision in the case
of the American Tobacco company,
which already has been argued before
the court, will not be handed down at
least until after the argument In the
case of the Standard Oil company,
which is set for March 14. Attorney
General Wiekersham, in his motion to
advance the hearing of the latter
case, described the two as essentially
kindred, and suggested to the court
they be considered together.
Lawyers here generally concur in
the statement made by Mr. Wicker
aham to the court these two cases to
gether present for Its consideration
••practically the entire range of mod
ern industrial organizations in this
country," and substantially every lea
ture of the "tru-^ question," so far
as it falls within the purview of the
Sherman anti-trust law. Yet they are
not precisely alike; indeed, it is said
in some p... tUulars they are so dis
similar the court m'ght find in favor
of the government in one case and
against it in the other.
Cases Are Somewhat Alike
The two cases are alike in that they
are proceedings in equity to enjoin al
leged violations of the law of the land
—neither is in its essence a criminal
action- in neither does the government
seek to procure either imprisonment
of individuals or exemplary fines upon
the defendants. In both suits the.
charges pressed are those alleging un
lawful combination and conspiracy in
restraint of Interstate trade and com
merce, and continuing monopoly or
attempted monop->ly of important ele
ments in interstate commerce.
The Standard Oil company of New
Jersey is attacked as a "holding com
pany" Out of its $100,000,000 capita}
stock over $97,000,000 was exchanged
in 1899. according to the government
figures, for stock In nineteen other cor
porations engaged in the various
branches of the petroleum business.
The American Tobacco company 43
aliened to be both a holding and an
operating comprny. It is actively en
gaged in the tobacco business, owns
its own shops and sells the manufac
tured "roducts.
-Raw Product Produced
In the case of the , Standard Oil
company the raw product Is to an ex
tent produced ty the corporation, in
that of the tobacco combination the
raw material is purchased. _ \_
While the Sherman law does not
sneciilcaHy prohibit the organization
Steffi companies, the supreme
court declare in the Northern Se
curities case that the holding com
pany constituted an organization .in
restraint of trade and commerce.
The government charges that front
the time of the organization of the
standard Oil company in 1899, a mo
£r» a tnhe jssws^.ssa
Si v^ cTd=ir x
chlngins needs and conditions of tho
"in'the Tobacco case it is alleged that!
olv only in the cigarette trade. Thn
decants claim that the
the business then secured has since miw
terially dwindled.
No Longer Competitor*
The Standard Oil's counsel have con
tended that the corporations which In
1899 entered into the agreements com
plained of had long since ceased to bo
competitors. In the Tobacco case the
defendants contend that their acts have
been confined merely to- the acquisi
tion of manufacturing property; that
manufacturing corporations are under
no legal obligation to compete-tho
prohibition being against specific
agreements to suppress competition
non-competition as the result of the
acquisition of property is, the defend
ants insist, not a violation of the stat-
UtAnother difference between the two
cases lies in the fact that the Standard
Oil company is charged with offense
against the Sherman law alone; the
Tobacco corporations are charged with
offending also the Wilson tariff act of
1594 which extended the application of
the anti-trust law to any conspiracy in
restrain of trade, one party to which
was an importer.
American Law* Rule
Furthermore, the government Is seek
ing to establish the rule that a cor
poration entering into an agreement
abroad which in purpose conflicts with
American law gains no Immunity from
the fact that such an agreement Is law
ful in the foreign country.
It is suggested that the commodities
handled by the Standard Oil company
may be more properly called "neces
saries of life" than those dealt in by
the Tobacco corporation.
Attorney General Wiekersham In his
argument ot tne Tobacco case ex-
Dressed the opinion that a different el
ement would enter into the trade in an
absolute necesisty of life, as distin
guished from one that is not a neces
sity because such a commodity "was
charged with a public use, just as
much, if not more, than what is called
public utility companies."
As a result of the hearing In the
circuit court other differences were ei
ther made or became apparent.
In the Tobacco suit the court did
not find sufficient evidence to hold that
there was a monopoly In the trade In
queitioTi, although it did hold that
there was a combination in restraint of
trade. In the Standard Oil case the
court was unanimous in finding that
there was an illegal monopoly In ad
dition to there being a conspiracy.

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