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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED KVKKV MOIIMXIi UK THE HERALD CO. THOMAS E. GIBBON rreslrfent FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor THOMAS J. UOLMXG. . .Business Manager DAVID G. B/Ui-UJE Associate Editor Entered as «econd.-clasa mailer at the poetofflce In Los Angeles. OLDEST MORNING I'.U'JEU IN LOS \m.i:i i-> Founded Oct. *, 1873. Thlrty-iilxth year. Chamber of Commerce building. Phone»: Sunset Main 8000: Home 10211. - The only Democratic newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated Press report*. NEWS SERVICE —Member of th» Asso elated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 16.000 words a day. RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mail or carrier, a month $ .40 Daily, by mall or carrier, three months.l.29 Dally, by mall or carrier, six months.. .2.35 Dally, by mall or carrier, cne year 4.60 Sunday Herald, one year ......l.uo Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Los Angeles and Southern Call fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find Th* Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the street* In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herali can be teen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. ana J. Hardy A Co.. 10, II and 3! Fleet street, London. England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements on our behalf. _^________ On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager. Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN Ir^ RETRORSUM fl) AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM —Dark. BELASCO— "The Man of the Hoar." BCRBANK—"Cameo Klrby." ' . FISCHER'S—Musical farce. GRAND— Johnny Cornel Marching Home." LOS ANGEMS—Vaudeville. MAJESTIC— Hopkins." MASON — Grand Opera company. ORPllEUM—Vaudeville. MINING MUNCHAUSENS IN SPITE of the manifest absurdity of the proposterous claims with which Los Angeles mining sharp ers, fakers and promoters pursue east ern Investors, they must do a big business, otherwise they would not be able to keep tlie country circularized and to pay the typewriting and mailing expenses of their natton-wlde corres pondence. Greater Los Angeles, a cen ter of legitimate mining—one of the greatest bona fide mining centers of the country—attracts a predatory crowd of operators, who use the legitimate ad vertising of the legitimate mining prop ositions which have their legitimate headquarters In Los Angeles as the foundation for their own fantastic and dishonest literature. No swindle is better known and none has been more frequently expoaed than the "black rock swindle," yet this va riety of mining bunco Is still doing a fourishing business. For that matter, every variety of mining crookedness tliat the ingenuity of unscrupulous nun has devised still Is beini? practiced. The black rock swindle Is particularly plausible, because it scorns to produce indisputable evidence In support of the claims of the fakers. The black rock formation in San Gabriel and Dnlton canyons by mining experts and fire assayers is said to be valueless. It Is a hornblende schist, has been passed upon by "secret process men" as con taining high grade ore values, and on the strength of these assays companies have been organized and the public has been robbed. In a prospectus, a copy of which | was obtained and published by Los Angeles Herald's mining expert, the statement Is made, "By adding to our plant from time to time we Intend to Increase our capacity to 1000 tons pur day." This sounds "considerable," especial ly to eastern readers, many of whom entertain notions of California gold mining that are delightfully vague, based on the imaginative audacity of fiction writers and not on" the sobriety of workaday experience. If the state ment made were accurate the Massey gold mine would Indeed be a bonanza, because a simple calculation, based on the valuation of $200 per ton, shows an annual yield amounting to »73,000,u00! If dreams were realities and rain bows could be coined, the Massey gold miners (and others*, would indeed be rich beyond all previous record. UNDIPLOMATIC MORGAN MR. MORGAN'S anger at his "per secution" by photographers dis closes a hitherto unsuspected weakness In his character. We believe it will injure his prestige. An soon as a man can he "halted," then, depend upon it, an unfeeling world will "bait" him on his baJtable subject. It will now become "an object" to photograph the man who doeß not want to he photographed. If he were to be diplomatic, and welcome the camera fiends who chase him, Mr. Morgan's picture would cease to lie a novelty, und his pursuers no lunger would on rage him, because he wouldn't have any. POSTAL REFORMS ONE K'»"l i. suit has followed the attempt of the postmaster gen eral to make tho popular maga zines pay the postal deficit. There Is a general demand that the great post office department of the United Stales be taken out of politics ALTOGETH ER, AND FOR ALL TIME. A Joint commission, headed by Senator Pen rose and Representative Overstreet, acting under the authority of the Fifty-ninth congress,- made an Inves tigation of postal affairs. Public ac countants employed by the joint com mission reported as follows: "The ser vice has grown from small beginnings over a long period of years, hampered by restrictive laws which may have be»n necessary In the past and. may even now be considered necessary to some extent for a government depart ment, but which would render It prac tically Impossible any private business to survive. "Tho GENERAL ABSENCE OP ANT EFFICIENT METHODS OF AC COX'XTINOr hns been brought to light by the Inquiry carried out by the joint commission on leeond-claM mail rant tor. This report was referred to con gress on January 30, 1907, and our in vestigation lias confirmed tho impres sion gathered from the study of it that the whole of theso methods are crude In the extreme and lUCh as no private business concern or corpora tion could follow without the certainty of loss, if not of financial disaster." The commission is profoundly im pressed with tho wisdom of the ac countants' report in recommending that the actual direction of the busi ness of tho postoffice department and postal service be committed to an of ficer with necessary assistants to be appointed by the president, by and with the consent of the senate, for long terms, ko as to insure the continuity of efficient service, and that the post master general, as a member of the cabinet, be chargeable only with gen eral supervisory control and the de termination of questions of policy. Reform '.3 demanded, and prominent, powerful eastern publishers ask con gress to accept the recommendation by the joint congressional commit tee of 1907, and appoint a director of posts, an officer who shall be non political and whose term of service shall not be subject to political changes, and- who shall conduct the workings of the postoltice department with the efficiency, economy and busi ness-like methods which distinguish high-class American business enter prise. AUTOMOBILES LOS ANGELES is one of the prin- I cipal automoblling centers of the ■*J world, a fact that Is Illustrated by the keenly Interested crowds of visitors in attendance at the show of licensed cars. The automobile indus try Is the fifth In magnitude in the United States. At the Los Angeles show under one roof are assembled concrete results of the work of some of the greatest mechanical minds of modern times. Side by side are placed the finest and most renowned cars of America. The rapid advance of the automobile industry must be seen in concrete ex amples in order to be realized and appreciated. Constant improvements show the goal of perfection has not yet been reached, and yet the best modern models are ."perfection" when compared with their predecessors of a few years back. Los Angeles has been called the automobile metropolis, or "automolnl opolis." It is the best suited city in the United States to be headquarters of the automobile industry. Here automobiles may be used in country and in city, on mountain road and on paved street, all the year round. The good roads movement in Los Angeles county and the publicity attending it helped local automobiling, and local aiitomoblllng helped the good roads movement. The finest cars produced in America are in Greater Los Angeles, and to the delight of their owners they are used all the year round on the best roads in the United States, which traverse the finest scenery in the world, that of Southern California In the neighborhood of Greater Los Angeles. TYPICAL CITIZENS WHEN a man like Tillmnn falls se- Viously ill, there is borne in on the nation with great force the fact that for ten yearo or more there have not been many occupants of the national stage who have really heen of national Importance. There have been plenty or local men—never was such a crop of them—but there have not been many who can be grouped in the giant class to which Lincoln, Sherman, Blame, Cleveland, Evarts, Grant, and others belonged. -To bo sure, there's former President Roosevelt, But one of the reasons why he has been made so much of is that of most of his con temporaries it can 1,.' .said, never were bo many "great" men of whom so lit tle could be made by way of heroizing:. Tillman, bright, picturesque, in aggressive and American, won for himself at a comparatively early stage of his career the coveted title of "typ ical American." And since his name and Col. Roosevelt's could be Included in a chapter headed "typical Ameri cans," oh, where, I'll us where, are the multitudinous Americans of the "type" represented? Is it not a fact, our "typical" Ameri cans as a rule are examples of what most people think SHOULD BB na tional types? In that case, let "moat people" - 'turn to a study of the first principles of Amerieaui.-m: a study that ia not less fascinating than com mercialism, although, to be «ure, we cannot state its value in dollars and cents. GOD SK:-'D US MEN. Insurgents lost a long, bloody battle. Nlcaratfuan Insurgents, not Republican. LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, FKBIU AKV 2,1, 1010. 1 OUR GREAT SEAPORT STEAMSHIP men are becoming posted as to the possibilities and opportunities of Greater Los An geles; and the business of the harbor will be Increased with the spread of information concerning the great sea port of the South Pacific coast. Tho earlier comers, of course, will have some decided advantages over those who arrive later, "with the rush." That Is always the way. H. F. Alex ander, president of the Alaska-Pa cific Steamship company, on matters maritime Is one of the best informed men on the coast. He is so well pleased with the business and maritime out look In Greater Los Angeles he will open an office In this city.' So rapid Is the Increase in growth of San Pedro harbor business, the Alaska-Pacific soon will have to ex tend the Puget'sound-San Francisco service through to Los Angeles. Watei transportation of all kinds is making groat advances in popularity. Long' before the completion of the Panama canal, a great commercial marine will be In existence on the Pacific; aftd a government line of steamships, oper ated in connection with a trans-isth mian railway and the governmental line on the Atlantic, will help to re lieve the industries of Southern Cali fornia from the oppression of a rail mad rate imposed not for legitimate industrial purpose!, but for the sake of the forced profit derivable from a tyrannous gouge. LOS ANGELES WAY WIIU.K LOS Angeles is basking in sunshine the feelings of her citi zens are harrowed by distressing tales of what is happening to their unfortunate fellow mortals back cast. People are freezing to death in Chl oago and others suffer more from the cold than they would from any ordi nary sickness. As we have remarked over and over again, residents of Ijjs Angeles uro apt not to realise the ex tent of their good fortune. There may be poverty here but it is not the poverty that kills. Death by cold is one not the penalty of lack of funds Wherewith to purchase overcoats ajid mufflers, yet the climate is not enervating. There is no languor In lovely Los Angeles, and her brisk business methods arc those of a city of hustle, bustle, energy and enterprise, Blessed by the most superb climate possessed by any great city, is it any wonder the people of Los Angeles de velop originality of initiative and un failing power of achievement, and plan and carry through vast enterprises wilh the celerity mid certainty that There Are Four Obstacles to American Parcels Post THE unanswerable fact which Post -master General Hitchcock is pleased to overlook when he com plains that the government loses enor mously on the carriage of second-class mall is that the German postal service transports all sorts of parcels up to a 100-pound trunk for one-third of a cent a pound, and that Canada has reduced its rate on periodical mail to one-quar ter of a cent a pound and shows a neat surplus. He offers no remedy for the present state of affairs but higher postal charges. He fails to take into account the excessive payments made to the railroads or the circumstance that the express companies carry matter cheap er than the government. They not only underbid the government in Its own business, but they have been influen tial enough to prevent it from estab lishing a parcels post such as foreign countries enjoy. On the rural free delivery service alon?. Postmaster General Hitchcock admits, the government sustains a loss of about $28,000,000 In an expenditure of $32,000,000 annually. As John Brlsben Walker points out, it carries only And in the Meantime— make up the famous "Los Angeles way?" First annual report of the Ciood Government fund is highly creditable and satisfactory. It shows that "be sides furnishing nearly $10,000 for ex penses of the recall campaign and more than $11,000 toward expenses of' the Good Government fight in the city election, contributions were made to other worthy movements In line with the "Better Los Angeles" policy. All citizens who have interested them selves actively in the good govern ment movement deserve hearty con gratulation on the success of their work. Statistics presented to the Interstate commerce commission show 330,000 au tomobiles are owned in the United States. The factory output this year will Increase the number to 600,000. Each j car costs from $1000 to $5000. The aver age price is about $2000. The people of the United States will spend $500,000,000 for cars this year, and by the end of the year will own perhaps a half bil lion dollars' worth. The automobile In dustry, already gigantic, Is growing apace. Bakersfleld complains of discrimina tion in freight rates. Bakersfleld business men cannot see any reason ableness in conflicting and inconsistent tariffs. The gouging methods of the Southern Pacific road are becoming more and more unpopular. Railroads are showing their love for the people in this time of high prices by advancing the rates on packing house products and dressed meats. High prices: high rates. Is there any logical link of connection excepting sheep greed? Chamber of commerce committees are composed of citizens representing enterprise, energy, experience and en thusiasm. Every committeeman will illustrate the Los Angeles way. __. , __ Next Washington's birthday there won't be any billboards to mar the beauty of Greater Los Angeles. These hideousnesses are marked for eviction. Their offense is rank. Missouri is planning an egg-laying contest. A boom in barnstorming must be apprehended back there. President Taft says the tariff is working well. Yes, it is working \(the people) well. That .we admit. Yuma talk of the Yuma mixup as you will, but the tangle of red tape entwineth it still. (New Yuri: World) twenty-five pounds per trip per wagon, When with a parcels post system each <>r these wagons might be carrying from HOO to 700 pounds a trip each way and so contributing to the profit of the government and the convenience of the rural districts It undertakes to serve. With public facilities like those long In operation in Great Britain and on the continent, a branch of the postal service developed at enormous loss and yearly responsible for larger and la!■.; er deficits would be clearing million*. The rural service is only a small part relatively of the postal field in which the volume of business profitable for the government would be Increi llt parcels were carried at the vale ,if one cent a pound. The. government is al ready equipped with more than (io,uoo fully organized stations, In most of these the co?t of handling parcels would be nothing additional except for tin' short wagon haul in the locality. How long must it remain true, .'is John Wanamaker said it was twelve yearn ago when he was poitmai tar ftneral, that there are "four lnsupor able obstacles to a pareelH-past *vs tem"—tho four big express companies? Public Letter Box TO COUKESI'OXDJi.XT.S—Letters intended for publication must bo accompanied by the mum- ■ad sdilreu ■! me writer. I'lie 'i. nil elves tbe widest latitude to correspondent*, but iniigiti no responsibility for their view* DECLARES WOMEN WORK AS IN PERIOD OF LONG AGO LOS ANGELES, Feb. 21.—rEditor Herald]: The morning I read Mr. Hutchison's first letter I laughed until I spilled my coffee on the tablecloth, and now it has happened again, and I cunt stand tor it. lor I am the only one left of the old-fashioned women who laundered their own table linen and I feel that I ought to be preserved. Mr. H. seems to be tlie modern Rip Van WinLle. He has just missed the spinning wheel and the knitting- nee dlea, but if he will put on his spec tacles he can still find the darning needle. As n woman i speak with au thority. With good cotton burned (by men) to keep up prices, rags for shod dy go up also and darning has become the bane of mothers' lives. If Mr. H. will look beyond the charuis of Broad way he will see that the festive farm hand is degenerating, too, and no longer cradles the wheat or threshes it with a flail. The men are getting so shiftless here in Los Angeles that they no longer celebrate the annual hog killing. No doubt this is because the women neglect to raise piks in fourth story flats. / How much better for a man who works in the mills or factories to pay 50 cents a day car fare and live out where his wife can raise a pig and a bed of lettuce. His wages would pay the car fare and partially support the pig. Perhaps the women do attend variety .--hows. That explains why one runs into such "a blockade of manly forms in front of the i )rpheum. They havo 'eft their poor husbands on the outside. But if Mr. H. will go out to Naud junction tome day when McCarey's pavilion disgorges its devotees he will forget it. Its not a 10-cent show, eithc-r. Mr. 11. : 'ems unable to see tho finest lor the trees. In a city fre quented by tourists he sees a good many women of the class supported by profits on the toil and degradation of millions of their brothers and sis ters and v'dprcs women as a class by them. Does he ray anything against an arrangement in society which re sult.-i in a productive and a non-pro ductive class-? Nary a say. A man made government has produced these conditions. If Mr. H. is so concerned as to whether -women work, I suggest that he tear himself away from the con templation Of feminine charms on Broadway and go down to San Pedro when a .sardine boat conies In and the packing house whistle blows, or that he take a day off from his own pro ductive toil (I understand he is a, lawyer) and ~n to the library and go over the reading lists for articles on woman's work in the magazines, es pecially William Hard's in Hvery body'S on "Woman's Invasion." It will be balm to his soul to learn that women are still weavin.'; and spinning in the southern cotton mills and that the good mill owners are guarding them against idleness by sending a man around "ii horseback! if they are ill, to compel them to come pack to work if they are not literally t<'u sick to move. .:;:'>RGIA K. DISCUSSES CONDITIONS OF THE WORKING GIRLS COLTON. Feb. 18.—[Editor Herald]: I have just read fa. L. Hutchison's article on "The High Price of Food," or, rather, hi.-* letter, and must say that on some points he la right—but also on some he Is "off." I am a woman and would like very much to help my husband and save all of his salary, but listen to this. 1 hired out to a merchant to clerk in his store at $15 a month. He did not allow mo one minute of rest all day; ho ordered me and all the rest of "his girls" around like we were negroes, and when I was trying to make a sale would come up and jerk the things out of my" hands and show me how to hold them. One day I sold 110 worth of goods (Just to show you that I could sell goods), but do you think a refined woman and a woman that had been reared In the south and had been accustomed to GENTLEMEN, could stand such things? My husband Is a NORTHERN man and has good manners. i meant no reflection on THEIR manners, but have always understood that- southern men are more genteel than northern me. i Now, here. Is Bomethig else "start- CREOLE COOKING Frederic J. Haskin llilhuujl""' ORLEANS is probably the A ri| only American city where I gv I cookery is still a line. art. 19 mm The "Cuisine Creole" may not WJ&I now be an splendid as it was , Bba&dal in days ' I" IV de wan," but It still retains enough of its former grandeur to deserve the re spectful consideration of any discrim inating gourmet. New Orleans is curi ously divided into two ports—the up per, or American section, which pre sents no special differences from any other American city, except in the ex tent and beauty of its gardens; and the lower, or French city, which is a bit of Europe set down on United States soli, and doesn't resemble anything else in the whole country. In the for mer section the "Cuisine Creole" flour ishes sporadically if at all; in the lat ter it is still to be seen, if pot in its original perfection, at least In a very Interesting state of preservation. There Is nothing particularly dis tinctive about the equipment of the Creole kitchen. The Creole cook, how ever—the real Creole cook, who grows rarer day by day—is a fat old negro woman, with sleeves rolled up to her ; dimpled ebony elbows and a bandana twisted picturesquely around her head. she has no science. Her recipes are "jes 1 a pinch o 1 dat 1 'and "crbout a spoonful or dis," ami "yer lets it bile fer er while;" but with such crude methods her genius for cooking finds expression in some of the most palat able dishes that ever smoked before a ; gourmand. • ■ • Formerly the continental breakfast was universal in New Orleans. That is, everybody began the day with a cup of coffee njitl a slice of cold bread. At 11 o'clock a veritable banquet was served. liut these pleasant customs have disappeared under the pressure of modern business methods. Even in the Creole section of New Orleans the first meal Is a solid American break fast, and lunch at midday is a mere ! trifle, to tide over the interval till din ner at 6 p. m. But the Creole still begins his dinner In the old fashion— with an appetizer. At least one kind of wine is served daily In every family. The salad is always eaten immediately after the soup, and not, as elsewhere in the United States; with the roast. Mayonnaise dressing is not as popular as the French dressing, the latter made with.rather more oil than vinegar. The. typical Creole is not much given to sweets. His dinner consists for the most part of meats delicately cooked and seasoned, with much gravy. The vegetables Will not be numerous, but the quantity of bread that will be con sumed in the course of the meal would stagger the Imagination of the New England housewife. And it may be noted in passing that the New Orleans bakeries turn out the best bread in the world. . . • The one relic of the old regime that obtains in New Orleans is the break fast served at Begue'e and Tujague's. These are names to conjure with in New Orleans. Begue's is a restaurant over a saloon near the French mar ket. Originally the proprietor served an early morning meal for the butch ers of the market, Gascons all, and connoisseurs of meat; then artists and newspaper men began to frequent the place; and so by degrees came others, until now the 11 a. m. table d'hote of M. Begue is crowded daily, and one must bespeak a seat at the board long is advance. Tujague's is a similar es tablishment, where the old Continental dejeuner may still be procured. Of typical croole dishes the first is, of course, the gumbo. The name Is i known outside of New Orleans, but not the thing itself. Its origin is not known. In one sense it is a soup, but it is not prepared as soups are. It is essentially a thick brown . gravy, made with onirns, parsley, okra and Hour, the flour browned on the stove till almost burnt. This gravy should have the consistency of a stiff paste. There are scores of different kinds of gumbo, but the foregoing is the one feature common to them all. By add in"- "file," or the powdered leaves of sassafras, the celebrated "gumbo file" is produced. There is also the "gumbo aux-harbes," which is produced by omitting the file and substituting bay leaves, thyme, sweet marjoram, sorrel, mustard leaves, cabbage and spinach. These herbs are boiled in the afore , mentioned thick brown gravy. Gumbo i aux-herbes is not considered a fat i dish and consequently is a feature of the Lenten menu in Catholic New Orleans. Gumbo can also be made of oysters, crabs, shrimp, ham, sausage, or of any kind of meat. It is not considered quite ethical to combine all of these ingredients in one gumbo, though this is occasionally done, chicken gumbo is perhaps, the choicest variety. In \cadian Louisiana—ln the Teelie coun try which Longfellow describes in his noem of "Evangellne"—chicken gumbo is considered the chief delicacy pos sible to procure. To he known as a ling"—Oh, no, it happens every day. Another store (run by northern men) was putting up signs in front of the store; both were small of stature; the smaller went to the door and said, "One of you girls come help this GEN TLEMAN." And a neat woman of 4a or 50 came to their assistance The man I hired out to treated me like I was a "roustabout," and the »glrls often cried after their day's York. I had the nerve to tell this man that he was NO GENTLEMAN. Will some one tell me, is there a law in California that compels dry ■roods houses to have r«st rooms for rlerks or every hour to them their feet? MRS, C. A. JAGKbOJN. SAYS TARIFF RAISES PRICE OF WHAT WORKINGMAN NEEDS LOS ANGELBB, Feb. 21.-[Editor Her-ildl- The committee on immigra tion'o£ the chamber of commerce rec ommends & modification of the pres ent restriction of oriental immigration, but I quite fail to see any valid rea son for it beyond the fact that ori entals are naturally adapted to agricul '"i would like to ask if they do not con sider Americans good agriculturists, and if it Is impossible to get Ameri can labor In our orange groves It ts, I think, merely a question of price. If sufficient wages are paid they will get it and Ket it good. What is the justi fication for any tariff if it is not to raise wages? Anyway, I have always found that to be one of the chief ar guments used by advocates of protec tive tariff—revenue being merely mcl- dental. , , , . , The 'restriction on oriental labor is in effect merely a protective tariff on American labor and la without doubt unjust discrimination, but while we have a protective tariff at all the wage earner is as much entitled to have his labor protected as is the manufacturer or agriculturist his goods or produce, and' the discrimination should be re moved by putting an import tax on all foreign labor. Then wages would go up correspondingly with the price of beef, woolens, sugar and shoes. But skilled compounder thereof is to enjoy an enviable tame. It is the favorlto refreshment at tlic Saturday nißlit halls so popular among: that simple people. The Invitation for theM fes tivities, which is never written, but always conveyed from house to house by word of mouth, always meets with a readier and more joyous acceptance If coupled with the statement that "there'll be a gumbo by Madame Paul, or Madame Jean," or some other creola dame locally noted for her housewifely ex port ness. JanTtfelayo is another Creole dish, the origin of which is unknown. Its essential Ingredient is rice. With the rice may he, cooked dry stew of chicken, or sausage, or shrimp, or ham or tomatoes, in Louisiana rice is used as a vegetable, and may appear upon the table three times a day, to be eaten with gravy, with butter or by Itself, The Creole cook steams rice, but never boils it. Other peoplo may fill a pot with cold water, put in .the rice and hring both together to a boll; but she scorns so primitive a method. Firs' the water must rarae to a boll, then the snlt Is added and then the rice. Another popular way of cooking rice is to use wh.it the Creoles call a "bain Marie." This is a daublo pnt, the outer full of water and the. iiinrr .:it;iius the rice, jioiied in this way, (li« rice issues dry and delicious, every main separate from every other grain. The creolo cook book contains half a dozen confections which are purely local. Of these the cala. or sweet cake made of rice, is one of the best known. The cala venders have nearly dlsap peared from the streets of New Or leans, but there may bo still be seen under the arcade near the Tulane the ater a venerable old negress, with her hamper draped In pink tarletan and a whisk broom of brown paper to drive away the flies, who s-lls- the true cala. The typical Creole candy is the "pra line." "Praline" Is a word which de scribes the process of coating broken pecan meats with sugar by stirring them In the boiling swept until It gran ulates, but In New Orleans it Is ap plied to any" kind of candy made in flat round disks, six or seven Inches In diameter. Perhaps the sweet -which was pre eminently Creole was "cuite." But "oulte" is nnw difficult to procure, and must as tlie, years pass entirely disap pear from the Louisiana "dietary. "Cuite" is the juice of the sugar oane boiled till Just about to granulate into the nigar of commerce. It was a product of the open kettle process nf making sugar, and does not develop In the modern centrifugal process. "Cuite" is delicious with batter cakes, or especially with the corn bread which is made so delicately with eg-gs and milk by the deft old "mammy" in the plantation kitchen. Any description of the Creole kitchen would be incomplete if it did not in clude some reference to the celebrated "Creole coffee." Creole coffee is dripped, not boiled. Boiled coffee, the Cre oles arc fond of saying, is quite an other beverage, made by a distinct process, and having altogether differ ent savor. In the Creole method the bean is first parched till absolutely black, and by preference Is subjected to this treatment only a few hours be fore the beverage is to be drunk. The ground coffee is placed in a tin or earthenware receptacle with a perfor ated bottom, and boiling water is slow ly poured thereon and allowed to per colate through into a second recep tacle below, both vessels being herme tically sealed wherever possible. Coffea thus made is, In fact, a distillation. At the Creole breakfast table it may be drunk with milk and sugar, but when served In tiny cups after dinner it should be taken alone. Or if not taken alone, then with the addition of a single lump of sugar melted in a spoonful of burning brandy. The Creole has always boasted a fine discrimination in wines and liquors. He has even invented two or three drinks which are his alone. Of these the most distinctive are the Roffignac and the Bruleau. The Roffignac is a combination of syrup, whisky and soda water, introduced by oneof the first mayors of New Orleans, whoso name it still bears. The bruleau is a more pic turesque and complicated beverage. It is prepared from fruit—any fruit, par ticularly the juicy ones being accepta ble. Divested of the skin or rind, tho fruit is heaped In a pyramid in a shallow pan previously filled with brandy, in which as much sugar as possible has been dissolved. A lighted match sets the brandy on fire. Then tho burning liquid is carefully ladled over the fruit, suffered to trickle slow ly down, absorbing the flavor and odor as it descends, until the last blue flame flickers out. The syrup that results is imbibed in tiny quantities from slender glasses. Tomorrow —Gi-orge Washington^ Will.. why have a tariff at all? Why not raise revenue by direct taxation? Un der present conditions the wage earner p.ivs the largest part of the amount raised for revenue by a tariff. He gets temporarily, a slight increase in wages, although I have doubts of this, while ho immediately and permanently pays the full increase on what he uses or consumes by the amount of the tariff, and. attracted by the higher wages, foreign labor is imported free, keep ing wages down to the normal level. A protective tariff seems to me one sided unless it protects the Interests nf both labor and capital and I cannot see why a wage earner Rhould by his vot» r/iise the price of that which he buys unless he can by the same means raise the price of that which he has to sell — his labor — in a corresponding amount. If he could dn this equitably the purpose of the tariff would disap pear. Under present conditions this wage earner pays mnst of the bill and the other fellow gets the goods. C. W. SAYS CIGARETTE SMOKING NATIONS NON.PROGRESSIVE LOS ANGELES, Feb. 18.—[Editor Herald]: Lying on ■«. sick bed and not reading a paper for a week, the first thing I notice of news is a flaring: whole page advocating the raising of Turkish tobacco near Los Angeles. Would you permit me to say we don't need the Turks or their tobacco. Their country is almost as heathenish today as It was 2000 years ago. Cig arette smoking Spain has retrograded as a nation possibly through the use of tobacco. Every Christian and all who have the veil wish of the future generation ought to do all in their power against the establishing of any tobacco plantation in Southern Cali fornia. We will need every acre of ground to raise cereals, fruits and veg etables to feed the millions who will flock to California more and more each year. Southern California is the home of delicious fruits and beautiful flowers, therefore no tobacco should ever M raised to poison her air and the lives of the erowiiur boys. O. I* ROBERTSON.