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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, February 25, 1910, Image 4

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Los Angeles Herald
THOMAS E. GIBBON rreslrfent
FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor
THOMAS J. UOLMXG. . .Business Manager
DAVID G. B/Ui-UJE Associate Editor
Entered as «econd.-clasa mailer at the
poetofflce In Los Angeles.
LOS \m.i:i i->
Founded Oct. *, 1873. Thlrty-iilxth year.
Chamber of Commerce building.
Phone»: Sunset Main 8000: Home 10211. -
The only Democratic newspaper In South
ern California receiving full Associated Press
NEWS SERVICE —Member of th» Asso
elated Press, receiving Its full report, aver
aging 16.000 words a day.
Dally, by mail or carrier, a month $ .40
Daily, by mall or carrier, three months.l.29
Dally, by mall or carrier, six months.. .2.35
Dally, by mall or carrier, cne year 4.60
Sunday Herald, one year ......l.uo
Postage free In United States and Mexico;
elsewhere postage added.
OAKLAND —Los Angeles and Southern Call
fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak
land will find Th* Herald on sale at the
news stands In the San Francisco ferry
building and on the street* In Oakland by
Wheatley and by Amos News Co.
A file of The Los Angeles Herali can be
teen at the office of our English represen
tatives. Messrs. E. ana J. Hardy A Co.. 10,
II and 3! Fleet street, London. England, free
of charge, and that firm will be glad to re
ceive news, subscriptions and advertisements
on our behalf. _^________
On all matters pertaining to advertising
address Charles R. Gates, advertising man
Population of Los Angeles 327,685
BELASCO— "The Man of the Hoar."
BCRBANK—"Cameo Klrby." ' .
FISCHER'S—Musical farce.
GRAND— Johnny Cornel Marching
LOS ANGEMS—Vaudeville.
MAJESTIC— Hopkins."
MASON — Grand Opera company.
IN SPITE of the manifest absurdity
of the proposterous claims with
which Los Angeles mining sharp
ers, fakers and promoters pursue east
ern Investors, they must do a big
business, otherwise they would not be
able to keep tlie country circularized
and to pay the typewriting and mailing
expenses of their natton-wlde corres
pondence. Greater Los Angeles, a cen
ter of legitimate mining—one of the
greatest bona fide mining centers of the
country—attracts a predatory crowd of
operators, who use the legitimate ad
vertising of the legitimate mining prop
ositions which have their legitimate
headquarters In Los Angeles as the
foundation for their own fantastic and
dishonest literature.
No swindle is better known and none
has been more frequently expoaed than
the "black rock swindle," yet this va
riety of mining bunco Is still doing a
fourishing business. For that matter,
every variety of mining crookedness
tliat the ingenuity of unscrupulous nun
has devised still Is beini? practiced.
The black rock swindle Is particularly
plausible, because it scorns to produce
indisputable evidence In support of the
claims of the fakers. The black rock
formation in San Gabriel and Dnlton
canyons by mining experts and fire
assayers is said to be valueless. It Is
a hornblende schist, has been passed
upon by "secret process men" as con
taining high grade ore values, and on
the strength of these assays companies
have been organized and the public has
been robbed.
In a prospectus, a copy of which |
was obtained and published by Los
Angeles Herald's mining expert, the
statement Is made, "By adding to our
plant from time to time we Intend to
Increase our capacity to 1000 tons pur
This sounds "considerable," especial
ly to eastern readers, many of whom
entertain notions of California gold
mining that are delightfully vague,
based on the imaginative audacity of
fiction writers and not on" the sobriety
of workaday experience. If the state
ment made were accurate the Massey
gold mine would Indeed be a bonanza,
because a simple calculation, based on
the valuation of $200 per ton, shows
an annual yield amounting to
If dreams were realities and rain
bows could be coined, the Massey gold
miners (and others*, would indeed be
rich beyond all previous record.
MR. MORGAN'S anger at his "per
secution" by photographers dis
closes a hitherto unsuspected
weakness In his character. We believe
it will injure his prestige. An soon as
a man can he "halted," then, depend
upon it, an unfeeling world will "bait"
him on his baJtable subject.
It will now become "an object" to
photograph the man who doeß not want
to he photographed. If he were to be
diplomatic, and welcome the camera
fiends who chase him, Mr. Morgan's
picture would cease to lie a novelty,
und his pursuers no lunger would on
rage him, because he wouldn't have
ONE K'»"l i. suit has followed the
attempt of the postmaster gen
eral to make tho popular maga
zines pay the postal deficit. There Is
a general demand that the great post
office department of the United Stales
be taken out of politics ALTOGETH
commission, headed by Senator Pen
rose and Representative Overstreet,
acting under the authority of the
Fifty-ninth congress,- made an Inves
tigation of postal affairs. Public ac
countants employed by the joint com
mission reported as follows: "The ser
vice has grown from small beginnings
over a long period of years, hampered
by restrictive laws which may have
be»n necessary In the past and. may
even now be considered necessary to
some extent for a government depart
ment, but which would render It prac
tically Impossible any private business
to survive.
COX'XTINOr hns been brought to light
by the Inquiry carried out by the joint
commission on leeond-claM mail rant
tor. This report was referred to con
gress on January 30, 1907, and our in
vestigation lias confirmed tho impres
sion gathered from the study of it
that the whole of theso methods are
crude In the extreme and lUCh as no
private business concern or corpora
tion could follow without the certainty
of loss, if not of financial disaster."
The commission is profoundly im
pressed with tho wisdom of the ac
countants' report in recommending
that the actual direction of the busi
ness of tho postoffice department and
postal service be committed to an of
ficer with necessary assistants to be
appointed by the president, by and
with the consent of the senate, for long
terms, ko as to insure the continuity
of efficient service, and that the post
master general, as a member of the
cabinet, be chargeable only with gen
eral supervisory control and the de
termination of questions of policy.
Reform '.3 demanded, and prominent,
powerful eastern publishers ask con
gress to accept the recommendation
by the joint congressional commit
tee of 1907, and appoint a director of
posts, an officer who shall be non
political and whose term of service
shall not be subject to political
changes, and- who shall conduct the
workings of the postoltice department
with the efficiency, economy and busi
ness-like methods which distinguish
high-class American business enter
LOS ANGELES is one of the prin-
I cipal automoblling centers of the
■*J world, a fact that Is Illustrated
by the keenly Interested crowds of
visitors in attendance at the show of
licensed cars. The automobile indus
try Is the fifth In magnitude in the
United States. At the Los Angeles
show under one roof are assembled
concrete results of the work of some of
the greatest mechanical minds of
modern times. Side by side are placed
the finest and most renowned cars of
The rapid advance of the automobile
industry must be seen in concrete ex
amples in order to be realized and
appreciated. Constant improvements
show the goal of perfection has not
yet been reached, and yet the best
modern models are ."perfection" when
compared with their predecessors of a
few years back.
Los Angeles has been called the
automobile metropolis, or "automolnl
opolis." It is the best suited city in
the United States to be headquarters
of the automobile industry. Here
automobiles may be used in country
and in city, on mountain road and on
paved street, all the year round. The
good roads movement in Los Angeles
county and the publicity attending it
helped local automobiling, and local
aiitomoblllng helped the good roads
movement. The finest cars produced
in America are in Greater Los Angeles,
and to the delight of their owners they
are used all the year round on the
best roads in the United States, which
traverse the finest scenery in the
world, that of Southern California In
the neighborhood of Greater Los
WHEN a man like Tillmnn falls se-
Viously ill, there is borne in on
the nation with great force the
fact that for ten yearo or more there
have not been many occupants of the
national stage who have really heen of
national Importance. There have been
plenty or local men—never was such a
crop of them—but there have not been
many who can be grouped in the giant
class to which Lincoln, Sherman,
Blame, Cleveland, Evarts, Grant, and
others belonged. -To bo sure, there's
former President Roosevelt, But one
of the reasons why he has been made
so much of is that of most of his con
temporaries it can 1,.' .said, never were
bo many "great" men of whom so lit
tle could be made by way of heroizing:.
Tillman, bright, picturesque, in
aggressive and American, won for
himself at a comparatively early stage
of his career the coveted title of "typ
ical American." And since his name
and Col. Roosevelt's could be Included
in a chapter headed "typical Ameri
cans," oh, where, I'll us where, are
the multitudinous Americans of the
"type" represented?
Is it not a fact, our "typical" Ameri
cans as a rule are examples of what
most people think SHOULD BB na
tional types? In that case, let "moat
people" - 'turn to a study of the first
principles of Amerieaui.-m: a study
that ia not less fascinating than com
mercialism, although, to be «ure, we
cannot state its value in dollars and
cents. GOD SK:-'D US MEN.
Insurgents lost a long, bloody battle.
Nlcaratfuan Insurgents, not Republican.
STEAMSHIP men are becoming
posted as to the possibilities and
opportunities of Greater Los An
geles; and the business of the harbor
will be Increased with the spread of
information concerning the great sea
port of the South Pacific coast.
Tho earlier comers, of course, will
have some decided advantages over
those who arrive later, "with the
That Is always the way. H. F. Alex
ander, president of the Alaska-Pa
cific Steamship company, on matters
maritime Is one of the best informed
men on the coast. He is so well pleased
with the business and maritime out
look In Greater Los Angeles he will
open an office In this city.'
So rapid Is the Increase in growth
of San Pedro harbor business, the
Alaska-Pacific soon will have to ex
tend the Puget'sound-San Francisco
service through to Los Angeles. Watei
transportation of all kinds is making
groat advances in popularity. Long'
before the completion of the Panama
canal, a great commercial marine will
be In existence on the Pacific; aftd a
government line of steamships, oper
ated in connection with a trans-isth
mian railway and the governmental
line on the Atlantic, will help to re
lieve the industries of Southern Cali
fornia from the oppression of a rail
mad rate imposed not for legitimate
industrial purpose!, but for the sake
of the forced profit derivable from a
tyrannous gouge.
WIIU.K LOS Angeles is basking in
sunshine the feelings of her citi
zens are harrowed by distressing
tales of what is happening to their
unfortunate fellow mortals back cast.
People are freezing to death in Chl
oago and others suffer more from the
cold than they would from any ordi
nary sickness. As we have remarked
over and over again, residents of Ijjs
Angeles uro apt not to realise the ex
tent of their good fortune.
There may be poverty here but it is
not the poverty that kills. Death by
cold is one not the penalty of lack of
funds Wherewith to purchase overcoats
ajid mufflers, yet the climate is not
enervating. There is no languor In
lovely Los Angeles, and her brisk
business methods arc those of a city of
hustle, bustle, energy and enterprise,
Blessed by the most superb climate
possessed by any great city, is it any
wonder the people of Los Angeles de
velop originality of initiative and un
failing power of achievement, and plan
and carry through vast enterprises
wilh the celerity mid certainty that
There Are Four Obstacles
to American Parcels Post
THE unanswerable fact which Post
-master General Hitchcock is
pleased to overlook when he com
plains that the government loses enor
mously on the carriage of second-class
mall is that the German postal service
transports all sorts of parcels up to a
100-pound trunk for one-third of a cent
a pound, and that Canada has reduced
its rate on periodical mail to one-quar
ter of a cent a pound and shows a neat
He offers no remedy for the present
state of affairs but higher postal
charges. He fails to take into account
the excessive payments made to the
railroads or the circumstance that the
express companies carry matter cheap
er than the government. They not only
underbid the government in Its own
business, but they have been influen
tial enough to prevent it from estab
lishing a parcels post such as foreign
countries enjoy.
On the rural free delivery service
alon?. Postmaster General Hitchcock
admits, the government sustains a loss
of about $28,000,000 In an expenditure of
$32,000,000 annually. As John Brlsben
Walker points out, it carries only
And in the Meantime—
make up the famous "Los Angeles
First annual report of the Ciood
Government fund is highly creditable
and satisfactory. It shows that "be
sides furnishing nearly $10,000 for ex
penses of the recall campaign and
more than $11,000 toward expenses of'
the Good Government fight in the city
election, contributions were made to
other worthy movements In line with
the "Better Los Angeles" policy. All
citizens who have interested them
selves actively in the good govern
ment movement deserve hearty con
gratulation on the success of their
Statistics presented to the Interstate
commerce commission show 330,000 au
tomobiles are owned in the United
States. The factory output this year will
Increase the number to 600,000. Each
j car costs from $1000 to $5000. The aver
age price is about $2000. The people of
the United States will spend $500,000,000
for cars this year, and by the end of
the year will own perhaps a half bil
lion dollars' worth. The automobile In
dustry, already gigantic, Is growing
Bakersfleld complains of discrimina
tion in freight rates. Bakersfleld
business men cannot see any reason
ableness in conflicting and inconsistent
tariffs. The gouging methods of the
Southern Pacific road are becoming
more and more unpopular.
Railroads are showing their love for
the people in this time of high prices
by advancing the rates on packing
house products and dressed meats.
High prices: high rates. Is there any
logical link of connection excepting
sheep greed?
Chamber of commerce committees
are composed of citizens representing
enterprise, energy, experience and en
thusiasm. Every committeeman will
illustrate the Los Angeles way.
__. , __
Next Washington's birthday there
won't be any billboards to mar the
beauty of Greater Los Angeles. These
hideousnesses are marked for eviction.
Their offense is rank.
Missouri is planning an egg-laying
contest. A boom in barnstorming
must be apprehended back there.
President Taft says the tariff is
working well. Yes, it is working \(the
people) well. That .we admit.
Yuma talk of the Yuma mixup as
you will, but the tangle of red tape
entwineth it still.
(New Yuri: World)
twenty-five pounds per trip per wagon,
When with a parcels post system each
<>r these wagons might be carrying
from HOO to 700 pounds a trip each way
and so contributing to the profit of the
government and the convenience of the
rural districts It undertakes to serve.
With public facilities like those long
In operation in Great Britain and on
the continent, a branch of the postal
service developed at enormous loss and
yearly responsible for larger and la!■.;
er deficits would be clearing million*.
The rural service is only a small part
relatively of the postal field in which
the volume of business profitable for
the government would be Increi llt
parcels were carried at the vale ,if one
cent a pound. The. government is al
ready equipped with more than (io,uoo
fully organized stations, In most of
these the co?t of handling parcels
would be nothing additional except for
tin' short wagon haul in the locality.
How long must it remain true, .'is
John Wanamaker said it was twelve
yearn ago when he was poitmai tar
ftneral, that there are "four lnsupor
able obstacles to a pareelH-past *vs
tem"—tho four big express companies?
Public Letter Box
TO COUKESI'OXDJi.XT.S—Letters intended
for publication must bo accompanied by the
mum- ■ad sdilreu ■! me writer. I'lie 'i. nil
elves tbe widest latitude to correspondent*,
but iniigiti no responsibility for their view*
LOS ANGELES, Feb. 21.—rEditor
Herald]: The morning I read Mr.
Hutchison's first letter I laughed until
I spilled my coffee on the tablecloth,
and now it has happened again, and I
cunt stand tor it. lor I am the only
one left of the old-fashioned women
who laundered their own table linen
and I feel that I ought to be preserved.
Mr. H. seems to be tlie modern Rip
Van WinLle. He has just missed the
spinning wheel and the knitting- nee
dlea, but if he will put on his spec
tacles he can still find the darning
needle. As n woman i speak with au
thority. With good cotton burned (by
men) to keep up prices, rags for shod
dy go up also and darning has become
the bane of mothers' lives. If Mr. H.
will look beyond the charuis of Broad
way he will see that the festive farm
hand is degenerating, too, and no
longer cradles the wheat or threshes
it with a flail. The men are getting
so shiftless here in Los Angeles that
they no longer celebrate the annual
hog killing. No doubt this is because
the women neglect to raise piks in
fourth story flats. /
How much better for a man who
works in the mills or factories to pay
50 cents a day car fare and live out
where his wife can raise a pig and
a bed of lettuce. His wages would
pay the car fare and partially support
the pig.
Perhaps the women do attend variety
.--hows. That explains why one runs
into such "a blockade of manly forms
in front of the i )rpheum. They havo
'eft their poor husbands on the outside.
But if Mr. H. will go out to Naud
junction tome day when McCarey's
pavilion disgorges its devotees he will
forget it. Its not a 10-cent show,
Mr. 11. : 'ems unable to see tho
finest lor the trees. In a city fre
quented by tourists he sees a good
many women of the class supported
by profits on the toil and degradation
of millions of their brothers and sis
ters and v'dprcs women as a class by
them. Does he ray anything against
an arrangement in society which re
sult.-i in a productive and a non-pro
ductive class-? Nary a say. A man
made government has produced these
If Mr. H. is so concerned as to
whether -women work, I suggest that
he tear himself away from the con
templation Of feminine charms on
Broadway and go down to San Pedro
when a .sardine boat conies In and the
packing house whistle blows, or that
he take a day off from his own pro
ductive toil (I understand he is a,
lawyer) and ~n to the library and go
over the reading lists for articles on
woman's work in the magazines, es
pecially William Hard's in Hvery
body'S on "Woman's Invasion." It
will be balm to his soul to learn that
women are still weavin.'; and spinning
in the southern cotton mills and that
the good mill owners are guarding
them against idleness by sending a
man around "ii horseback! if they are
ill, to compel them to come pack to
work if they are not literally t<'u sick
to move. .:;:'>RGIA K.
COLTON. Feb. 18.—[Editor Herald]:
I have just read fa. L. Hutchison's
article on "The High Price of Food,"
or, rather, hi.-* letter, and must say
that on some points he la right—but
also on some he Is "off." I am a
woman and would like very much to
help my husband and save all of his
salary, but listen to this. 1 hired out
to a merchant to clerk in his store
at $15 a month. He did not allow mo
one minute of rest all day; ho ordered
me and all the rest of "his girls"
around like we were negroes, and
when I was trying to make a sale
would come up and jerk the things
out of my" hands and show me how
to hold them. One day I sold 110
worth of goods (Just to show you that
I could sell goods), but do you think
a refined woman and a woman that
had been reared In the south and had
been accustomed to GENTLEMEN,
could stand such things?
My husband Is a NORTHERN man
and has good manners. i meant no
reflection on THEIR manners, but
have always understood that- southern
men are more genteel than northern
i Now, here. Is Bomethig else "start-
Frederic J. Haskin
llilhuujl""' ORLEANS is probably the
A ri| only American city where
I gv I cookery is still a line. art.
19 mm The "Cuisine Creole" may not
WJ&I now be an splendid as it was
, Bba&dal in days ' I" IV de wan," but It
still retains enough of its
former grandeur to deserve the re
spectful consideration of any discrim
inating gourmet. New Orleans is curi
ously divided into two ports—the up
per, or American section, which pre
sents no special differences from any
other American city, except in the ex
tent and beauty of its gardens; and the
lower, or French city, which is a bit
of Europe set down on United States
soli, and doesn't resemble anything
else in the whole country. In the for
mer section the "Cuisine Creole" flour
ishes sporadically if at all; in the lat
ter it is still to be seen, if pot in its
original perfection, at least In a very
Interesting state of preservation.
There Is nothing particularly dis
tinctive about the equipment of the
Creole kitchen. The Creole cook, how
ever—the real Creole cook, who grows
rarer day by day—is a fat old negro
woman, with sleeves rolled up to her
; dimpled ebony elbows and a bandana
twisted picturesquely around her head.
she has no science. Her recipes are
"jes 1 a pinch o 1 dat 1 'and "crbout a
spoonful or dis," ami "yer lets it bile
fer er while;" but with such crude
methods her genius for cooking finds
expression in some of the most palat
able dishes that ever smoked before a
; gourmand.
• ■ •
Formerly the continental breakfast
was universal in New Orleans. That
is, everybody began the day with a
cup of coffee njitl a slice of cold bread.
At 11 o'clock a veritable banquet was
served. liut these pleasant customs
have disappeared under the pressure of
modern business methods. Even in the
Creole section of New Orleans the
first meal Is a solid American break
fast, and lunch at midday is a mere
! trifle, to tide over the interval till din
ner at 6 p. m. But the Creole still
begins his dinner In the old fashion—
with an appetizer. At least one kind
of wine is served daily In every family.
The salad is always eaten immediately
after the soup, and not, as elsewhere
in the United States; with the roast.
Mayonnaise dressing is not as popular
as the French dressing, the latter made
with.rather more oil than vinegar. The.
typical Creole is not much given to
sweets. His dinner consists for the
most part of meats delicately cooked
and seasoned, with much gravy. The
vegetables Will not be numerous, but
the quantity of bread that will be con
sumed in the course of the meal would
stagger the Imagination of the New
England housewife. And it may be
noted in passing that the New Orleans
bakeries turn out the best bread in the
. . •
The one relic of the old regime that
obtains in New Orleans is the break
fast served at Begue'e and Tujague's.
These are names to conjure with in
New Orleans. Begue's is a restaurant
over a saloon near the French mar
ket. Originally the proprietor served
an early morning meal for the butch
ers of the market, Gascons all, and
connoisseurs of meat; then artists and
newspaper men began to frequent the
place; and so by degrees came others,
until now the 11 a. m. table d'hote of
M. Begue is crowded daily, and one
must bespeak a seat at the board long
is advance. Tujague's is a similar es
tablishment, where the old Continental
dejeuner may still be procured.
Of typical croole dishes the first is,
of course, the gumbo. The name Is
i known outside of New Orleans, but not
the thing itself. Its origin is not
known. In one sense it is a soup, but
it is not prepared as soups are. It
is essentially a thick brown . gravy,
made with onirns, parsley, okra and
Hour, the flour browned on the stove
till almost burnt. This gravy should
have the consistency of a stiff paste.
There are scores of different kinds of
gumbo, but the foregoing is the one
feature common to them all. By add
in"- "file," or the powdered leaves of
sassafras, the celebrated "gumbo file"
is produced. There is also the "gumbo
aux-harbes," which is produced by
omitting the file and substituting bay
leaves, thyme, sweet marjoram, sorrel,
mustard leaves, cabbage and spinach.
These herbs are boiled in the afore
, mentioned thick brown gravy. Gumbo
i aux-herbes is not considered a fat
i dish and consequently is a feature of
the Lenten menu in Catholic New
Gumbo can also be made of oysters,
crabs, shrimp, ham, sausage, or of any
kind of meat. It is not considered
quite ethical to combine all of these
ingredients in one gumbo, though this
is occasionally done, chicken gumbo
is perhaps, the choicest variety. In
\cadian Louisiana—ln the Teelie coun
try which Longfellow describes in his
noem of "Evangellne"—chicken gumbo
is considered the chief delicacy pos
sible to procure. To he known as a
ling"—Oh, no, it happens every day.
Another store (run by northern men)
was putting up signs in front of the
store; both were small of stature; the
smaller went to the door and said,
"One of you girls come help this GEN
TLEMAN." And a neat woman of 4a
or 50 came to their assistance The
man I hired out to treated me like I
was a "roustabout," and the »glrls
often cried after their day's York. I
had the nerve to tell this man that he
Will some one tell me, is there a
law in California that compels dry
■roods houses to have r«st rooms for
rlerks or every hour to them their
feet? MRS, C. A. JAGKbOJN.
LOS ANGELBB, Feb. 21.-[Editor
Her-ildl- The committee on immigra
tion'o£ the chamber of commerce rec
ommends & modification of the pres
ent restriction of oriental immigration,
but I quite fail to see any valid rea
son for it beyond the fact that ori
entals are naturally adapted to agricul
'"i would like to ask if they do not con
sider Americans good agriculturists,
and if it Is impossible to get Ameri
can labor In our orange groves It ts,
I think, merely a question of price. If
sufficient wages are paid they will get
it and Ket it good. What is the justi
fication for any tariff if it is not to
raise wages? Anyway, I have always
found that to be one of the chief ar
guments used by advocates of protec
tive tariff—revenue being merely mcl-
dental. , , , . ,
The 'restriction on oriental labor is in
effect merely a protective tariff on
American labor and la without doubt
unjust discrimination, but while we
have a protective tariff at all the wage
earner is as much entitled to have his
labor protected as is the manufacturer
or agriculturist his goods or produce,
and' the discrimination should be re
moved by putting an import tax on all
foreign labor. Then wages would go
up correspondingly with the price of
beef, woolens, sugar and shoes. But
skilled compounder thereof is to enjoy
an enviable tame. It is the favorlto
refreshment at tlic Saturday nißlit
halls so popular among: that simple
people. The Invitation for theM fes
tivities, which is never written, but
always conveyed from house to house
by word of mouth, always meets with
a readier and more joyous acceptance
If coupled with the statement that
"there'll be a gumbo by Madame Paul,
or Madame Jean," or some other creola
dame locally noted for her housewifely
ex port ness.
JanTtfelayo is another Creole dish,
the origin of which is unknown. Its
essential Ingredient is rice. With the
rice may he, cooked dry stew of
chicken, or sausage, or shrimp, or ham
or tomatoes, in Louisiana rice is used
as a vegetable, and may appear upon
the table three times a day, to be
eaten with gravy, with butter or by
Itself, The Creole cook steams rice,
but never boils it. Other peoplo may
fill a pot with cold water, put in .the
rice and hring both together to a boll;
but she scorns so primitive a method.
Firs' the water must rarae to a boll,
then the snlt Is added and then the
rice. Another popular way of cooking
rice is to use wh.it the Creoles call a
"bain Marie." This is a daublo pnt,
the outer full of water and the. iiinrr
„.:it;iius the rice, jioiied in this way,
(li« rice issues dry and delicious, every
main separate from every other grain.
The creolo cook book contains half
a dozen confections which are purely
local. Of these the cala. or sweet cake
made of rice, is one of the best known.
The cala venders have nearly dlsap
peared from the streets of New Or
leans, but there may bo still be seen
under the arcade near the Tulane the
ater a venerable old negress, with her
hamper draped In pink tarletan and a
whisk broom of brown paper to drive
away the flies, who s-lls- the true cala.
The typical Creole candy is the "pra
line." "Praline" Is a word which de
scribes the process of coating broken
pecan meats with sugar by stirring
them In the boiling swept until It gran
ulates, but In New Orleans it Is ap
plied to any" kind of candy made in flat
round disks, six or seven Inches In
Perhaps the sweet -which was pre
eminently Creole was "cuite." But
"oulte" is nnw difficult to procure, and
must as tlie, years pass entirely disap
pear from the Louisiana "dietary.
"Cuite" is the juice of the sugar oane
boiled till Just about to granulate into
the nigar of commerce. It was a
product of the open kettle process nf
making sugar, and does not develop In
the modern centrifugal process.
"Cuite" is delicious with batter cakes,
or especially with the corn bread
which is made so delicately with eg-gs
and milk by the deft old "mammy" in
the plantation kitchen.
Any description of the Creole kitchen
would be incomplete if it did not in
clude some reference to the celebrated
"Creole coffee." Creole coffee is dripped,
not boiled. Boiled coffee, the Cre
oles arc fond of saying, is quite an
other beverage, made by a distinct
process, and having altogether differ
ent savor. In the Creole method the
bean is first parched till absolutely
black, and by preference Is subjected
to this treatment only a few hours be
fore the beverage is to be drunk. The
ground coffee is placed in a tin or
earthenware receptacle with a perfor
ated bottom, and boiling water is slow
ly poured thereon and allowed to per
colate through into a second recep
tacle below, both vessels being herme
tically sealed wherever possible. Coffea
thus made is, In fact, a distillation. At
the Creole breakfast table it may be
drunk with milk and sugar, but when
served In tiny cups after dinner it
should be taken alone. Or if not taken
alone, then with the addition of a
single lump of sugar melted in a
spoonful of burning brandy.
The Creole has always boasted a
fine discrimination in wines and liquors.
He has even invented two or three
drinks which are his alone. Of these
the most distinctive are the Roffignac
and the Bruleau. The Roffignac is a
combination of syrup, whisky and soda
water, introduced by oneof the first
mayors of New Orleans, whoso name it
still bears. The bruleau is a more pic
turesque and complicated beverage. It
is prepared from fruit—any fruit, par
ticularly the juicy ones being accepta
ble. Divested of the skin or rind, tho
fruit is heaped In a pyramid in a
shallow pan previously filled with
brandy, in which as much sugar as
possible has been dissolved. A lighted
match sets the brandy on fire. Then
tho burning liquid is carefully ladled
over the fruit, suffered to trickle slow
ly down, absorbing the flavor and odor
as it descends, until the last blue flame
flickers out. The syrup that results is
imbibed in tiny quantities from slender
Tomorrow —Gi-orge Washington^ Will..
why have a tariff at all? Why not
raise revenue by direct taxation? Un
der present conditions the wage earner
p.ivs the largest part of the amount
raised for revenue by a tariff. He gets
temporarily, a slight increase in wages,
although I have doubts of this, while
ho immediately and permanently pays
the full increase on what he uses or
consumes by the amount of the tariff,
and. attracted by the higher wages,
foreign labor is imported free, keep
ing wages down to the normal level.
A protective tariff seems to me one
sided unless it protects the Interests
nf both labor and capital and I cannot
see why a wage earner Rhould by his
vot» r/iise the price of that which he
buys unless he can by the same means
raise the price of that which he has to
sell — his labor — in a corresponding
amount. If he could dn this equitably
the purpose of the tariff would disap
pear. Under present conditions this
wage earner pays mnst of the bill and
the other fellow gets the goods.
C. W.
LOS ANGELES, Feb. 18.—[Editor
Herald]: Lying on ■«. sick bed and not
reading a paper for a week, the first
thing I notice of news is a flaring:
whole page advocating the raising of
Turkish tobacco near Los Angeles.
Would you permit me to say we
don't need the Turks or their tobacco.
Their country is almost as heathenish
today as It was 2000 years ago. Cig
arette smoking Spain has retrograded
as a nation possibly through the use
of tobacco. Every Christian and all
who have the veil wish of the future
generation ought to do all in their
power against the establishing of any
tobacco plantation in Southern Cali
fornia. We will need every acre of
ground to raise cereals, fruits and veg
etables to feed the millions who will
flock to California more and more each
Southern California is the home of
delicious fruits and beautiful flowers,
therefore no tobacco should ever M
raised to poison her air and the lives of
the erowiiur boys.

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