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Los Angeles Herald »«*""» KVKKV MOKMNG BY Till; iIKK.W.I) CO. MiOMAS E. GIBBON rrealdent FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor IHO MAS J. tiOLDlNa...Baalneaa .Manas" U.IVU) li. UAH.LIU Aanueiate l-.uilui Entered as aecond-clasa matter at the Boatofflca In Los Angela*. OlA)li»I MUKM.NO I'AI'SH IX Founded Oct. *. 1«S. Thirty-sixth yea*. Chamber of Commerce building. Phones; Sunset Mala 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratic newspaper In South era California receiving full Associated Him reports. NEWS SERVICE —Member of the Atau clattj Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 26,000 words a day. RATES Of SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE: Dally, by mall or carrier, a month ....t 40 Daily, by mall or carrier, three months.l.M Dally by mall or carrier, six month*.. .J.3S Dally, by mail or carrier, caa year 4.»jj Sunday Herald, one year ••••• ■»»° Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. m THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND ' OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia vls'tors to San Francisco and Oak land will find Ths Herald on sale at the news stand* In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland oy Wheatley and by Amos Newa Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be »een at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. and .1. Hardy * Co., »0. II and s: Fleet street. London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to.re eelre news, subscriptions and advertisements on our behalf. ____^___—. On all matters pertaining to advertlalng address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM—Dark. HKI.ANCO— "The Man of the Hour." BIHBANK— "Sweet Kitty Bellalrs." FISCHER'S —Musical farce. GRAND—"The Ameer." MM ANGKLKS—Vaudeville. MAJESTIC —"Wine, Woman and Song." MASON' — Man tell. OKFHKIM— V«Id« SUGGESTION FRANCS, where hypnotic suggestion first was made, a subject of scien tific study, is the first country to recognize the force of suggestion in yellow publicity. The deputies have passed a bill forbidding newspaper! to publish pictures or descriptions of current crimes. The French scien tists have observed one kind of crime leads to others of the same type, and have reached the conclusion a detailed publication concerning a crime, ac ■ ompanied by illustrations, will pro duce other crimes of a like nature. It may be urged it would not be WIM to suppress all publication of crimes of dishonesty, because the fear of publicity and disgrace may oper ate as a preventive. But on the other hand the love of publicity and noto riety may act as an Incentive. It will be a happy day for the Amer ican people when descriptions of crimps of violence are reduced to a few lines, and when a record of an atrocious deed will not be supplement ed by all the horrible details. As for the publications that make a specialty of descriptions of crimes, of accounts of criminal trials and pro ceedings, and of histories of the ca reers of criminals, they Bhould be d with obscene literature, and ihould be suppressed. The day la fast approaching when a newspaper that refuses to treat the news ethically will be regarded as littlu less than bar barous. OBJECT LESSONS FRANK WIGGINS, the far-famed | secretary of Los Angeles cham ber of commerce, and the com bined Grant and Wellington of .suc cessful campaigns of publicity, said to the Sunset club: "A pile of pump kins in the California exhibit at the Chicago world's fair did more effective work than many representatives doing fluty on the floor of the building. They were large, perfect, highly colored pumpkins, glowing with the sunshine of the Golden state. Everybody who «aw them realized how much larger md better they were than others they had seen. It told of better climate and soil in California than back home." Mr. Wiggins' experience lias taught him the value of object-lesson advi i tising. One demonstration is bettor than a long oration. Men who have been students in chemistry classes re tail the eager impatience with which they listen.-d to the professor's ex planatory harangue preparatory to the Interesting demonstration or object Happy Is the lot of the California rancher and fruit grower. Climate and •oil give him a long start over the easterners engaged in similar indus tries, and with a square deal in rail road rates he will occupy a command- Ing position among the exemplars of industrial economics in the United When the war drums throb no longer, when the battle flags are furled, and crime has been abolished in a peaceful, honest world, when ev'ry one Is happy and respects his neighbor's rights, and we're tired of being (crappy, and we're through with Drawls and fights, when the lion and [he lambkin sport upon the flnw'ry • mad, what WILL the yellow papers i'> for feed, food, feed??? MAIL CONTRACTS A SQUARE DEAL in railroad mall . carrylnK contracts would be in linn with the policy of business-, like economy and' efficiency proposed for tho national trovernment. It Is not right that the nation should "got the worst of" any bargain entered into. A business government of the United States will include such scrupulous care with regard to mail contracts and other agreements, that the contracting party offering services to the government will he held as closely to the lines of a just and equitable agreement as if that party were dealing with a private citi zen or business concern and not with the government. It Is notorious that about the time of year when mails are weighed previous to the signing of the contracts (the ob ject of the weighing being to ascertain approximately the extent of the daily mail) unusual'conditions prevail. The results of weighing at such a time do not represent a normal condition of af fairs. The mails are stuffed and bloated with ail kinds of extra matter, including advertising circulars, most of which are patent medicine advertise ments. When this rush is over the malta become normal, but the weighing represents extraordinary and not nor mal conditions, and to the extent of the difference between the two kinds of conditions the government Is gouged. ROMANCE OVER in Arizona a cowboy In a mountain lion ami tied him to a tree. Not yet is the wild west ail built in. Civilization has not yet taken nil the tans and all the spice out of open air life in America. From time to time we read mournful essays by eastern writers in New York, in Boston and in Philadelphia (and OF New York. Boston or Philadelphia, for most of them have never been ajiy where else). These cockney scribes say the days of romance are over; that there are no more spacious distances; that the new country is "Just like an old country." Yet the eagle still seeks the empyrean, soaring from his eyrie in the mountain fastnesses. The beai may still be encountered under the Stars and Stripes by those who will take the trouble to go far afield and look for him. And the lion is lassoed by the cowboy, the bona fide, original cowboy, who never smelted tlie s.iwdust of a wild west show, and never will, because lie is not such a fool as to ex change the excitement, the delight and the good health and happiness of "the real thing" for the nightly sameness. the flaring lights, the brassy nm the odor of peanuts that contribute to the makeup and what the horn player called the toot ensemble of the imita tion. CONSERVATION OX THK Weeks bill for the acqui sition of national forests and for co-operation with the .states in forest protection six out of eight Cali fornia representatives voted ■'no." The representative proportion of opposition to conservation polities was greater in California than in any other state of the Union. The Californians op posing the bill for the protection of the watersheds of navigable streams and for the appointment of a commis sion for the acquisition of lands for the purpose of conserving the navi gability of navigable rivers were Wil liam F. Englebright of Nevada City, D. E. McKlnlay of Santa Rosa. J. R, Knowland of Alumeda. B, A. Hayes of San Francisco, J. C. Needham of Mo desto, S. C. Smith of Hakersfiold. Julius Kahn of San Francisco did not Fortunately for California, the senti ment of the nation is in favor of the conservation of natural resources. which is rightfully regarded as one of the most patriotic of the Roosevelt policies. Th>- votes nf the repre tlves of other states will pnable Cali fornia to share in the benefits of con servation. CANNED CURRENT Many yean ago, In an interview with a New York newspaper writer who is now In Los An geles, Thomas A. Edison said he would perfect a storage battery on which he was working, and his Improvement would do away with the trolley sys tem. At that time the country in the neighborhood of Mr. Edison's home was trolleyized, much to his disgust, and he vowi d he would never cc perimenting until ho iiad found some method of using electricity in street cars without marring the scenery. According to dispatches from the oat^t he has "made good" and his "canned current" system will be applied to street cars. It is already in use in at leant one make of automobiles and in auto-trucks. Tho success of the big canned current auto-trucks would seem to prove conclusively tho trolley wire Is already a "relic of antiquity." Truth to tell, In this day of constant progress it is odd to see automobiles rushing hither and thither without trolley or wire, and street cars still depending on this old-fashioned device. AV'e hope Turn Kdison, the most active and most active minded veteran on earth, will live to see his favorite scen ery in Jersey detrolleyizud and that "all the Oranges" will be released from their trolley overhead wire entanglement. We are governed too much. Presi dent Taft says so, and he ought to know. United States spends too much on its government, and gets too little in return. We rejoice tbe president had enough grit to speak right out in meeting* concerning a state of affairs of which Americans have for some time been keenly conscious. In the bright lexicon of our governmental system there is no such word as econ omy, and the conduct of most of the governmental departments would not be tolerated in the departments of a first rate department store. I.OS 4NGELES HERALD: MONDAY MOHXIXC 1 KHIU Am 28, 1010. 1 *i; %\ HALE FELLOWS SINCE President Taft has bragged he lias been an officeholder ever since he was twenty-one, let's look at some of our other "chronics" — the Hales, for Instance. The Hale family is well represented on the public payrolls. Senator Hale, who is campaigning: for re-election, has had to endure the circulation of a docu ment In which the following state ments are made: Public office a public trust. Eugene Hale. l"iiit'"l States senator and representative for twemy-eight years; annual salary, $7500. Clarence Hale, brother of Eugene Hale. United States district Judge, Portland, tenure for life; $6000. Chandler Hale, sun of Eugene Hale, third assistant secretary of state; an nual salary, $4500. George (Jifford. brother-in-law of Eugene, consul of United states for thirty years, now at Basic, Switzer land; annual salary, $2000, Frederick Hale, son of Eugene, pro posed as representative from First Congressional district of Maim ; an nual salary, $7500. Total, $27,000. At this point it behooves the audi ence to join in the well-known chorus, "Hale! Hale! The gang's all here!" Y. M. C. A. OFFICERS of the Young Men's Christian association have ac knowledged the indebtedness of that organization for success of its big membership boost to the news papers. A contemporary says especial mention was made of one paper, but we believe the statement is an eccen tricity, for The Herald has devoted news and editorial space to the Y. M. C, A. almost daily. However, The Herald has not been looking for special acknowledgment, because the position it takes with regard to the V. M. C. A. is that the institution is beneficial to the community. It is to the interest of Los Angeles to encourage the association. The big ger the membership the better for the city. The association is part of the city life and exercises a great deal of I Duence on city life, it is a head quarters of good citizenship, and the influence of its members will be exer- COME FORTH If 1 could know the secret of the soul— The central spring and impulse of all life— So that 1 might press onward to the goal With mind serene, unhindered by the strife, That boon would be the greatest 1 could crave— The knowledge that should set my spirit free To scale the heights where only tread the brave .And prophesy the things that arc to be. 1 have grown weary of the doubt and pain That every soul must feel, in bondage here; 1 long to see the iields of ripened grain— The harvest from Love's planting year by year. I have lost patience with the sordid world That grovels humbly at the rich mac's feet; I pant to see the righteous judgment hurled 'Gainst filchers of the children's bread and meat; I long to see the palaces and thrones Where robber nobles revel in their crimes Become the charnal vaults of dead men's bones — Fulfilled, tho long delayed, the prophet's rhymes. My heart leaps forward to the coming day When battle nags forever shall be furled, When all mankind shall choose the better way And Peace and Love be guardians of the world. Conic forth, come forth, ye spirits brave and free! (hive you forgot the days of Bunker Mill? Strike, once again, for Truth and Libert}', With ballots in your hands, not guns to kill! Oh give us men to fill our halls of state — Men grand and true who love their fellow men— Men not for sale —God may no longer wait! Oil save the world from darkness yet again 1 The Boogie Man is Still There oiscd constant'y for the good of Greater Loa Angi Arthur Letts to the Y. M. 1". A. sec retaries and co-workers in the educa tional membership campaign: "The giving of yourselves so generously out of love for young men indeed is inspir ing an<l significant of true American ism, worthy of highest praise." Hur rah for Americanism! That loud and joyful noise yon hear is the thunder of the Los Angeles building boom. But this building boom differs from others that have been noted at various geographical points. It is permanent. In Greater Los An geles, building boom is a constant con dition. At latest Information, astronomers were puzzled as to whether the mys terious object in the distant heavens was a new comet on the warpath or the increased cost of living. .Ships in the harbor. Commerce and industry in the city: ■ And miles and miles of the most beautiful homes in all the world. That's Greater Los An geles. Register, and place yourself in a po sition to do your duty as a citizen and to help smash the Southern Pacilic political machine. Los Angeles Y. M. C. A. campaign for membership is a record breaker. That's the Los Angeles way. Resolve. Plan. Execute. That's the Los Angeles way. AN UNBELIEVER Traveling Salesman—Well, Mr, Jabes, did you get in to see the Hudson-Ful ton celebration? Farmer Jabez —No; I didn't come nigh the place, 'cause, d 1 ye know, I don't believe either "ne of 'em ever leached the pole!— Puck. THAT RESOLUTION "Are you economizing with your cigar*, Fred?" "Sure thing. I make sure now tie none In my vest pocket before 1 hue you."— Yonkcre Statesman. Bill — i see the wings of a bee vibrate as rapidly as 440 times a second. Jill—But I reckon his stinger goes even faster than that.—Tonkin Statesman. EDWIN HULBUT TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letter* Intended for publication mutt be accompanied by the name and addre»» of the writer. The llrr.ild (Ire* ti<e wld*«t Ilii'lc to rorn-spondenLa, bat •iiiimei no responsibility for their «ieu». SEES ALL GOOD AND GREAT IN TEACHINGS OF CHRIST !."S ANQBLES, Feb. M.—/ Editor Herald]: From the lengthy discussion "ii Matthew, that have appeared in the Letter 7iox recently, some wrlten have 11 i •>■ l to disprove the divinity of Christ and the truth of his. prophesies, Blnea the Hible was translated Into the English language some of the greatest nml must intel ligent men of the English-speaking races have been studying this bonk of li'iuks. Diligently lias the Interpreta tion been compared with the original tongue. Every phrase, every sentence, lias been studied, taking into consid eration the conditions under which it was written, the manner and style of expression, and every other means that might throw light on the subject has- been employed. During: all these hundreds of years the highest author ity in every generation has always come to the same conclusion in their Interpretation of the New Testament — namely, that it teaches that Christ is the son of the living God, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pon tius Pilate, crucified, dead and burled the third day arose again from the dead, ascended into heaven and aitteth at the right hand of God the Father, from thence shall come again to judge the quick and the dead. This Interpretation mis not always been given by men with peremptory opinions on the subject, but by lin guists whose intelligence as inter preters cannot be disputed. A good many Christians delight in that woe ful mistake of taking a verse of scrip ture here and another there and ap plying the result to their own dog matic opinion, or, worse still, their varying imaginations, thus concocting some extremely foolish aim unfounded ideas. This is not only unprofitable, but extremi ly injurious to those who Indulge therein. They should read Hebrew, 13:9. The fundamental principles of Christ's religion are faith, hope and love. These principles are necessary to the success of every organization, corporation or nation. And In con junction with the rounder of these principles, In my opinion, lies the suc cess r every individual life. The result of thes.— Christian prin ciples—are almost Incredible, SEEMS SO Since the Christian era began tin*, Hi. greatest nation, we the greatest people the world has ever known, have ootne Into existencA The humanl tarianlgm of men, though still crude, Is greater than ever before. Man'i higher Intelligence, sensitive to high prin ciples, is able to grasp and put Into practical use powers in God's universe. heretofore unknown to mankind, it is my opinion that a deviation from these principles is the cause of all trouMi■« In nation and people. Let some of our Illustrious friends who have been prone to discredit the Savior lay a new foundation than that which is lain and give new com mandments superior to those given by him before they continue tlieir foolish babbling. H. C. I, " SAYS CITY OFFICIALS SHOULD OBEY LAW CONCERNING PASSES LOB ANGELES, Feb. 26.-ltiditor Herald]: The constitution of Califor nia is the supreme law of the state, anil any law that conflict! with it is null and void. The constitution of 1149 did not forbid public offlOßTi from riding on passes, for the state then had no railways. The constitution of 1879, revised and ratified by tho people, does forbid it, mid in clear and uumistak able language, and tixes the penalty of violation in tin loss of office. There Is 1111 exceptional clause in it and no proviso that detracts from its rigidity; and yet our city attorney has ex pressed his opinion that it is not un lawful (or members of the council to UN these forbidden passes when on public business. If the law means anything it means what it says, and having been made, with ordinary com mon sense it can be interpreted by the same in any individual. To ask the • itv attorney what such a clear anil explicit law means is as needless as to ■■)■ him what the city ordinance ins which says a man shall not smoke on the front end of a street car. The constitution further declares that Its "provisions are mandatory and prohibitive unless by express words they are declared to be otherwise." If he has discovered any "express words" that leave a loophole for "business rides," he should reveal the section and article, and prove thut his opinion has Public Letter Box Preventing Mine Disasters Frederic J Haskin HHK tragedy of the mine has become such a grcv thing that humanity may well shudder at its awful record. In the last ten years twenty thousand coal miners and nearly ten thousand metal miners have perished while 8.1 work, in the year 1907, :u:.'."• unfortu nates lost their lives, and the following year MBO werft list in the coal mines or the United Slates alone. This ter rible tragedy <>( the mines is being enacted almost every day. <inly a short time ago mon than three hun dred men were roasted to death in a coal mine at cherry. 111., and since then two hundred more bave been killed in explosions. Seventy-nine were numbered on the death roll at Pri mero, Colo., and a few days later thirty-iivc (yen killed in Kentucky. Eleven were hurled into eternity at Indiana, Pa., and after that an explo sion in a mill" in Mexico wiped out nearly a hundred more. These disas ters are coming so thick and fast that there does net seem to be time between explosions to bury the dead. Every tlmi the newspapers report one of these horrors a half million feminine hearts falter for a moment, for the wife of the miner has every reason to live in constant apprehension. \t present at Cherry a most grew some series of events is taking place. inie hundred and eighty bodies are still in the mine, whose shaft was sealed weeks ago in the hope of smoth ering the fire that was raging. Miners and officials, hoping that the fire has been extinguished, are preparing to bring out the bodies. The few surviv ing miners, fearful that an epidemic of disease will follow the removal of the corpses, are coolly and sensibly de manding that the bodies of the men in the mine be destroyed by chemicals. The w.,nie'.. many of them made wid ows by their husbands being lost in this holocaust, are pleading that the bodies he preserved for burial. Senti ment means more to them in their great grief than any dire consequence lint may follow. Many of them feel that they have already losl all and that nothing worse can happen. A sad feature of this heartrending tragedy is that seventy-four babies have been born to these women since that terrible day—seventy-four pitiful little orphans whose helpless plight calls for the deepest sympathy. The \fi\v suggestion that their fathers' lives may have been lost liv careless ness is an awful arraignment against tlmse who are responsible. • • ■ A shot flrer in a coa] mine, -who was getting T' a day for his dangerous n-ork, made a demand upon the super intendent for more money* "You're getting more wages now than you are entitled to," was the reply of the su perintendent. "Wages'."' exclaimed the shot fircr, "this company doesn't pay me wages. It bets me $.1 a day that 1 won't come out of this mine alive. If I do, the company gives me $3; if T don't, they bury me." Seven hundred thousand coal miners and 300,000 metal miners daily make a bet with the owners of the mines that they will come out alive. If they win. they get their wages for the day: if they lose, the company buries them nnd that is about all. A little later tho widows may get a few hundred dollars —twenty-five nf them settled the other day at the rate of $250 each. There is, however, a brighter side to this dark horror of the mines. The people are beginning to realize the sit uation and to act accordingly. The In vestigation stage has passed and the public is stunned at what it lias learned. Statistics of mine accident < in this and foreign countries have he. n eagerly scanned for information, and the results have been in every in stance to the discredit of the United States. The European figures show in many countries not more than one man killed in every 1000 employed in a year's time, and in other countries less than two. In the United States in 1907 nearly five men in every thou sand employed were killed in the coal mines, and in 1908 the rate was nearly four. Someone who delves in figures makes the statement that if the United States had tin- record of the best European countries, such as Belgium, 16,000 out of the JO.OOO men killed In the coal mines of this country in the last ten years might have been saved. Further investigation of the European figures discloses the fact that years ago these countries had records as disgraceful as our own. The reduction in the number nf accidents in this most hazardous oc cupation began when these countries took up n scientific investigation of the causes Of accidents. The decrease in the number of deaths has continued until today In Germany, Croat Britain, Belgium and France, the coal mines are killing slightly over one man in every 1000 employed. The year 1 iIOT witnessed four of the most shocking mine explosions in the history of the United States. The greatest of these was at Monongah, W. Va.. in Which 36S men were killed. A few days later there followed the ex- more' weight than that of Judge Works, who receives the law Just as It reads. Hlght or wrong from any standpoint, the constitution surely forbids councilmen to ride on passes; but when was there a time until Coun cilman Works refused the one sent him, that this law v.as not ignored and violated? As long ago as .March 20, 1896, an open letter from the writer appeared In The Herald on this subject and asking those ' illegally holding their offices to resign. At that time their passes had a line that read: "Not to be shown any person." Why? Simply because concealment Is desir able when men are violating a law. The receipt of a gift places the receiver under obligations to the giver, and critical observers know that railways never give wh.ero something is not. ex pected in return. If the honor of be ing a city councilman is not worth what it costs in car fare, it must have a very cheap value in the eyes of those who seek and get the office. If laws are to bo respected, they must be obeyed, even by public officers; for no man. no matter what his position, has any more moral right to violate a law than the lowest member found in so ciety; and when he does, ho should pay the legal penalty and also receive the condemnation of public opinion. (MANNING SEVERANCE. LIKENS MODERN WOMAN TO THE WIFE OF GREEK ARTIST VENICE, Feb. 26.—[Editor Herald]: B. I- Hutehleon'B later and the contro versy it has aroused anent the extrava gance of modern women reminds mo of the story of the rope of Ocnui. is not the modern worklngman weaving a rope of straw that is being eaten as fast as woven? Let us review the story of Ocnus: •The Roue of Oenus" was the name of a picture painted by Folygnotus, a distinguished Greek, who died In the fifth century, is. C. Ho is reputed first to have given life, character and ex- plosion in the Darr mine in Pennsyl vania, where 160 were killed. Another at the N Taomi mine in Pennsylvania killed thirty-lour, and still another at folande, Ala., killed sixty-one. After tins the United states government i>. ran a series of investigations into the causes of disasters in coal mines. The. United States geological survey, which was intrusted with this work, estab lished ai Plttaburg a station patternotl after the best scientific stations in Km ope. II was said before these investiga tions commenced that a miner took his life in his hands every time he touched off a charge of powder in the mines, the various explosives being so variable in strength that no ono knew just what they Mould do. The great fear of. the coal miner is what is known as the "blown-out' 1 shot. This means a shot (hat. instead of exploding and breaking lln coal, blows out into the mine. This occurs when the powder has not been properly tamped, or when it is not strong enough to break the coal. A "blown-out" shot sends a tongue of tlame leaping through the mine, and if there is gas nearby or tine coal dust floating in the air an explosion fol lows that kills or maims everyone near. The officials of the survey therefore determined to standardize explosives and to test them in the presence of gas or coal dust. The explosives are being tested in a huge steel cylinder 100 feet long ;uid six feet In diameter. This cylinder wag filled with natural gas, which corresponds with fire damp, and s "blown-out" shot waa reproduced, the explosive being fired by electricity From a cannon In one end of the cylin der. If an explosion followed, this powder was no) considered proper for use in mines where there was gas. The cylinder would then be filled with coal dust and the explosive discharged in it. If the coal dust ignited with :t roar then the explosive used was deemed unfit for use in dangerous mines. The Investigation of explosives was continued until a number were found that would stand both tests without igniting the gas or the coal dust. These explosives were termed "permissible," and their use urged In mines where there was gas or coal dust in dangerous quantities. Two lists of "permissible" explosives have so far been published and recommended to the state mining bureaus. • m • A queer phase of the situation has been the incredulity of the miners and operators alike as to the explosiveness Of coal dust. When the government began its tests hardly a miner in the coiintry believed that coal dust would explode. They went to the Pittsburg station in special trains to see it be fore they would believe the state ments made. In this connection the attention of the miners was called to tl' ■ Fact that there was a violent, ex ploslon of flour dust in a Minneapolis'! mill a number of years ago. They were i also told to remember that some of I the greatest explosives in the coal * mines of the United States, that at Monraißiih in particular, were caused by coal dust. • * • Tliis lias opened still another prob lem which the officials are working on — how to render harmless thr coal dust in tho mines. One experiment was to rush to a certain mine, after there had been a sudden drop in tho tempera ture, and Investigate the condition of the air. The officials calculated the* amount of moisture entering the mino and the amount going out, and found to their amazement that tho mine was losing fifty tons of moisture every twenty-four hours. It was readily seen that a few days of such conditions would leave thr coal dust in a very dry state and render it more liable to ex plode if it came into contact with a (lame. This is the cause of the great cmhl dust explosions that have cost so many hundred lives. It also explains why most of these disasters occur in the winter time. At the Pittsbtirß station there is a room known as the "rescue room," where miners are taught the use of the oxygen helmet, an apparatus that per mits breathing artificially in deadly gases. Part of the "rescue room" eon i.iins an airtight compartment, fitted up to resemble the interior of a mine. This place is filled with deadly gases and the. experts, clad in their oxygen helmets, can remain there for two hours without returning to the fresh air. These helmets have proved valu able immediately after explosions, per mitting rescuers to enter the mines at once and bring out men who were slowly being asphyxiated. • • • The government now has a crew of trained rescuers who respond to every accident call within a reasonable radius of the station. These heroes, although arriving late at the Cherry disaster. brought twenty men alive from the burning mine. This work lias been so successful that sub-stations have been established in the coal fields of Ten nessee, Oklahoma, Illinois and Wash ington, and recommendations for six more have been made. The govern ment'a sole purpose in this is to teach die miners the use of the oxygen hel mets Bo that each mine will bo en coUraged to maintain its own rescue* corps. Ten of the big mining com panies of the country havo already established BUch stations. presslon to painting-. According to Pliny, he opened the mouth and showed the teeth of his ilfiures, and he was the first to paint women figures with transparent draperies. Ocnus was a poor but industrious Greek, whose extravagant -wife spent money as fast as he could earn it, and he related his troubles to his friend the painter. I'olygnotus thereupon painted the picture of a man weaving a rope of straw, while behind him stood a don key, eating the rope as fast as it was v oven, It Is pleasant to relate, that the silent lesson had the desired effect upon the wife of Ocnuß, and that it was through her subsequent frugality and thrift that Ocenus ultimateyl rose to a position of gnat prosperity. Will K. L. Hutchison or some graphic . writer be the Polygnotus to portray a picture that will reform the women ol today. A MERCHANT. BELIEVES WORKING CLASS IS FAR TOO EXTRAVAGANT PASADENA. Feb. 26.—[Editor Her ald |: It seems to me there is a r deal of truth in 10. 1,. Hutchison's diau imvis of the rase of high cost of living. Has not James Hill said "The high cost of living is the cost of living high"? The American men or the working class want too much of the. luxuries of life, The average butcher wants the beat cut of meat for himself and his family. That is as preposterous as that those who work in silk factories should want to wear silks, or those who < work in Pullman carshops should want to trav el Jlrst class. Those who build auto mobiles usually ride on the trolley cars and that la right. My chauffeur tells mo working people of Franca or Ger many would not, dream of doing things the workers of America do. ;i have al-i ways noticed the peasants ( of ? Europe/ are more contented than their class In' America.-"The people need■ education along tail line. .. A GENTLEMAN. .