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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVERT MORNING BIT , TIIK HERALD CO. THOMAS 15. GIBBON President FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor THOMAS J. GOLI>ING...Bu»IneM Manager DAVID G. BAILX.IE ■ Associate Editor Entered as second clas» matter at the postofflce In Los Angeles. ' OLllKSl' MOKNING PAPER IN LOS ANGELES Founded Oct. 2, 1813. Thirty-sixth Tear. ■ ■ Chamber of Commerce Building. ' Phones—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratic newspaper in South ern California receiving lull Associated press report*. ' NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25,000 words a day. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE Daily, by mall or carrier, a month » .40 Dally, by mail or carrier, three months. 1.10 Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. ..2.35 Dally, by mall or carrier, ono year 4.60 Bunday Herald, one year 2-00 Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. _____ THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Los Angeles ami Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the news stands in the San Francisco ferry building and en the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Am™ News Co. A rile of The Los Angeles Herald con be seen at the office of our Bngllih represen tatives, Messrs. E. ami J. Hardy & <'".. 3". II and II Fleet street, London, Erin in.l. free of charge, and that firm will he glad to receive new!, subscriptions and advertlso ments on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles It. Gates, advertising man ager. Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR. CRISP AND CLEAN Ir RISTRORSUM JU AT THE THEATERS BBLABCO— "Th« M.m of tin Hour." BURBAMK—"Bw«»i Kitty Balltlra." (iHA.M)— Tin- Qlrl from rails." MM ANOBLBfl — Vaudeville. MAJESTIC — The Right if Way." OLYMPIC—M irce. Olilllll M —Vamlevllle. I'HIM ESS—Musical farce. A SHREWD RULING MAYOR GAYNOR of New York has mads such an extraordinarily shrewd, keen, clover ruling as to evidence in connection with cases of violation of the liquor ordinance that it is worthy of publicity and Imitation in every part of the United State* where the sale of liquor is a problem. It has always been difficult to convict per sons accused of the illegal sale of malt and spirituous liquors when a witness has not been prepared to Bwear the booze was actually booze. Mayoi Gay nor says the serving of a drink of whisky by a defendant Is an admission by Scald defendant that the stun: is whisky. When whisky li ordered, the dispenser of drinks does not bring a liquid colored to resemble whisky. He brings whisky. If it is not whisky, it is worse. Certainly it is not a tem perance beverage. if a bar tender were accused by an irate customer of serving in response to an order for whisky a drink that was not whisky, he would be Indignant, , Yet when brought to book for law breaking, that same bar tender will challenge the accuracy of the stute nienf of witnesses that whisky was the liquor served when whisky was asked lor. A bar tender engaged in lawless booze dispensing la between the devil and the deep sea. Either he must cheat the customer or cheat the law. He never cheats the customer; his whisky is always whisky, and never pink lemonade. And he will never again cheat the law if Judge Gaynor's point Is remem bered: When a defendant law breaker serves a drink of whisky, the act of serving the drink of whisky i.- Un ad mission by him the liquid served is whisky. MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP ANDREW CARNEGIE . docks, watery gas and cli -n Ie w of municipal ow n< i sistent and stable j II ernmi bi is greatly Lm i ttn ngthi n<.! by so . tin- position tak< n1 s Mp, > missed unii the most advan .1 muni I] ■ mansh p, Mr, Carnei ■ ■ I ith method ming" ; city, the polil l< o corpoi itl nal and the municipal, to be keenlj a advantages of tlie municipal. ) ownership of public utilities, pi investment In matters Intimatelj con d with the existence ol I a rello of a bygone day, when citizens bad u"t i' arm d the virtui ■ i Of co-operation, and allowed- nay, In i Ited —politicians t.> ha wk ami peddle special privileges. Popular self-governmi-nt implies popular abil ity to manage all the affairs of thi people, and transportation, dockage and lislitin^ an three ' •' the principal , on< Bros of a f Itlmo mei'"il" lis and three in which the people ol tha metropolis should have the trol'ing, regulating and administering power. CRITICISM I (t~fT E that Is without sin among H you, let him first cast . a ■*--■- stone." In this day of per sonal criticism and unhesitating 1 ex pressions of opinion by one man as to the character and conduct of his fel low man, it la well to remind ourselves of the attitude, example and special Instruction or Jesus on the subject. Ho never varied from the teaching ex pressed In the passage quoted, which records one of his utterances at a most memorable time, when a woman accused of transgression was brought before him and he was asked whether she should be dealt with under the Old Mosaic law, which decreed that any woman guilty of Immorality should be put to death In a cruel and unusual manner, by being pelted with rocks. Jesus Intimated that any hu man being who wished to take part in ] such a horrible mode of inflicting cap ital punishment would have to be very sure he was spotlessly clean in char- j acter, otherwise he would be guilty of a crime. This being the case, how many men and women make modern criminals of themselves by condemning and even I hounding to death fellow human beings | who are caught committing crime? It Is wicked to commit a crime. it is even more wicked to be caught. In these days of easy publicity, with what an uproar and babble Is each poor sinner pursued when "caught In the very act." Thousands doubtless escape criticism or rebuke because they are too wise in their day and generation to be thus caught. Yet Jesus taught it is wicked for a sinner to condemn a sinner. Men themselves .recognise this fact proverbially when they talk of the grotesqueness of a. "Satan reproving sin." Jesus taught FORGIVENESS, and believed In giving the sinner another chance. "Woman, where are those thine ac cusers? Hath no man condemned thee? . . . Neither do i condemn thee: GO, AND SIN NO MORE." A revival of this teaching will purify modern society, exalt standards of character and conduct, and make bet ter men and better women. JOHN D. On: friend, tbt Pacific outlook, in an excellent, outspoken article on "John D. and His Dough," has succeeded in voicing the sontimont of tin- majority of the people: "What's the use of eternally sugar-coating things? AW are not going to bo de ceived by the glare of some gold leaf, arc we? Or by the snivel of a false penitence? Rockefeller has bought up city councils, state legislatures, courts and congress, but he is not going to be able to buy up the whole American pi opl< . is he?" Beyond reasonable doubt the his tory of the Standard Oil company "smells n' M I." People have been killed in order to upbuild a huge for tune—literally killed. Many a bul clde's grave bears witness against the inhumane, un-American. cowardly and damnable "system," the memory of which this unscrupulous business tyrant, Rockefeller, proposes to per petuate by gifts bearing his name. Never before has civilization been so overbearingly insulted. Heretofore thi human race has shuddered at thought Of immortalizing in fane, temple or church Judas [scarlot, Herod, Nero, Lucullus, Croesus or others who coined their fellow mortals Into money and ed it. .Modern civilization Is asked to take a new point of view, as sent to the proposition the end justifies the means, shake, hands with the red handed when the red hands are con . ealed in kid gloves. wise to shrive Boron Rockefeller because he brings part of his loot to the a!i ii v COST OF GOUGE 117 ill l.i: the fcovei nmi nl of the »V United St iti If complaining* ' ' ..r a DEFICIT in postal rev i, Canada la bragging of a, postal surplus of $i.Mi.ii. annually. Reason? sin,].lf enough. The I'anadlan fov no! permit Itself to be gouged by railroads anil express com panies. Eliminate the gouge from the economies of the United States, and t!..- matter of po tal revenue would ike away from any In dustry !!!■■ elemenl of unearned profit, ]■ mo io} taken i" cause it is there ;,i take, and because no one pn the enterprising taker from taking It, and tin' industry "ill bi ■ althy. No Industry, whether national or privute, ili.ii I ii hil; drained con stantly « Ithoul a unt«i 11 a healthy ci ndltlon. Leeching as an , .i to h! Btlene Is out oi date, What la needed In adjusting affairs ailroad mull gougi which is merely another form of the railr I gu ■ :. Tl loro Koosevi It's I ick. ' m an offender vho calmly In hla office and devises ways and ..f getting possession of soint of ili. people's money without work ing for It, moral suasion has as much 11 i. i on an army mule. i in building valuations In l-o.s An.:' • .'ii days .-f March . ding period . ise in limn ued, 138. Growth, progress and prosperity mark the won di rful histoi s of i Ireatei Los An Well may citizens be proud oi' the Los Members of tl r i e\ Islon com lon are entering oi the hardest pa ■' of their work. Ie clt are pi rformlng a most Important public service, and deserve t!;<' appre on and thanks <>f the people of 1. is Angel A Long Island surrogate Solomon: to ■■ four timei a year is not too often for a gentleman to get drunk." Bosh! No, gentleman [ t r>ts drunk. LOS ANGELES HERAtD: SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, 1910. / WtSH HC*O ■ * Www «■? ' f f 0g <C- tit* . jC I A/OP* I MONOeK ~^\ LOOSEN UP yy\^ HHAT I WLLHfIME AND o/\ jr , . s^ M^^^^^ •r- *i /*> iW C "T* iI i k ' $ t 1 VALUES PROCEEDINGS in connection with ti governmental land acquisi tion near Point Flrmin show land along the coast lias been increased in value from 5 cents to (2600 ai Colonization and the pressure of the land hungry from the east have" pro ili 1 the phenomenal Increases In real estate values for which Southern Cali fornia is famous. There are in I,n<i Angeles many citi zens who from their personal remin ls< encea can give instances of incr in value that cannot be paralleled in any other city. ( >f course, during hundreds of years there has been a great appreciation of downtown property in New York, where real estate values In the busi ness districts are higher than In any other city in the world. But Los An . in tens of years instead of hun i, has seen an increase that is pro portionately not less great and actually not less wonderful. Will tiOs Al 1..' as Lit: and as wealthy as New York? Yes, most assuredly: and at Its present rate of growth It will be New York's great western rival for metropolitan supremacy in the United States. i m.v. upon a time golf was the man'a game. Nature made the links; the clubs lly fashioned. Any body could s oop a hole In the ground and stick up a marker. In modern days golf haa I ltall«ed, and Is oui ol reach of the average poor man, unless he should ln qualified to a rye as a caddy. Is this a sign Of prO| In two weeks ending yesterday total bank clearings of Los Angreles amount ed to 184,755.192. T-" pros] rlty of Loa aa more than Justifies the <'\por taiiniis of Investon who by their ac tlons showed their faith In our mag nificent metropolis. Verily, they have their rewardi and they are entitled to it. _^ Mr. Carnegie will plant red in Scotland. This will BUbjeet grand forest kings to risk of misunderstood. Merely as It hap "redwood 1 Is the Scottish for "crazy." Apropos of certain great ben i "When the de\ II was old, the ,h'\ il ,i monk would 1 p." < When the ■,\-.is young the "devil a monk" was he.) \v ■ • that "id yarn al oul a man who stole a bull and gi\ c the horns and hoofs to the ! '? iRi i red to J. 1». Im The State Press Works of Art I Tlir Iruth i- i! .it I ■■ ailvertlxe better works ■ il,.in m'ttn ■ I p, ,.|.. rave, n la v blln I an 1 mi n , , i •!.. |'Ui :. nil 1 In Rllkl unjust in tho i ulntera i i today un I absurd us ;t fail ami pivtense lhai Ihosi »ho ipi nd n 11 -, i ri ally uic cuu ainento l iii.ii. Graft on St. Louis Former Governor Folk took a pretty hard s-hot at the municipal statesmen of St. l.miis when he declared, ' The buodlvr In neither Democratic nor Republican; hi is criminal. It has been conclusively established that fur twcnty-flve years not a bill ot comequen a passed tho St. Louis municipal assembly un legs legislator.) ere paid for their votes."— Oakland Knijulrer. —>- Hustle, Girlies, Hustle! College Kiris are strongly ailvlsod to husiifj bj MUa GUI, prenldent at thu Inten-olleglate Alumi i gave recently :it Radi B»n Jom ury. Bully Joke An Aim rli an nami i M« -: wan |ur«<J la nlnh bull fight last week another rasn md Hi. bullrushei Holll ■■ r Free „,, _ + _ Domestic Zoology School teacher—Tommy, what animal bup pltes you with boots, shoes arid meat to eat-}« Tommy—l'aija. liumbuldt Standard. Such a Shock? THE PUBLIC LETTER BOX TO CORHESrOXnF.NTS—I.etter» Intended for publication must be accompanied by (lie name and address of t.ie writer. The Herald give, the widest latitude to correspond ents, licit assumes no responsibility for their views. HUTCHISON HAS NO LOGICAL SOLUTION OF PROBLEMS tiOB ANQELES, March T.—[Editor Herald]: The sentiment of the letters <if Edward I;. Hutchison reminds one l ■ Bible Itory, which is told in the ■eventeenth chapter of First Samuel, where Goliath challenged the warriors .if King Saul to "come out and fight." Th" text shows that Goliath of Gath, because he m a gtant In size, con tinually taunted the Israelites and in vited them to send a man to engage him In battle. That is exactly what Mr. Hutchison docs in his letters in hii attitude toward women. He d^es not se.m to present any logical solu tion-* of any problem! of the affe, or any remedy for the evils of the present economic condition that its last brins ing dlaaeter on the human family. He ieemi to I 1 • content to be a bird of evil omen ami devote his time to croaking. Uko A.lam, the first man. he simply says, "The woman tliou gayest me ii t<> blame." An arrow of truth might puncture his argument as . ai ily as the stone from the fling of the simple shepherd boy laid low Goliath 1 r Oath. David needed no armor and no sword to meet his en emy, for the itrong arm of the Lord ted liis aim, Bo truth must be i in these later days. If Mr Hutchison has written the truth re garding the woman near and dear to the writer Is truly sorry for him, but none the less he will have to con t, mi that he has maligned the wives ami mothers of his fellow men. A student who is looking for rouses Instead of effects would hesitate long before he would rush into print t o ac cuse one-half of the race (and a more or less helpless half at that) of being responsible for conditions that have been brought about by a civilization of individualism that places the Itrong in a position t<» grind down and op til" weak and helpless, and B Of man (and woman as well) a creature thai cares little for the mis fortune of others if their own Imme diate u.mts and ambitions aw gratl • i. a ' iviiization of Individualism thai places the welfare of self us greater than the welfare of the many. which makes the entire world with Its beehive of humanity a battlefield for self, In the blind rush for advancement in the material world. MARIAN MARTIN. 'THINKER' BELIEVES ONLY MAN WHO WORKS IS A 'GENTLEMAN 1 PASADENA, March 4.—[Editor Her ahi|. in commenting upon the article in the Letter Hox of March :!, when a communication appeared Blgned by a woman who maintain! the idea that one i lai a i i created to serve another !i i to tny regret that iuch a correspondent should find apace In. any newspaper. 1 shall take up her re marks one by one ana thrash them out, Fir t -The correspondent puts down for her heading that one class was created to BerVU another, just as if it •,.. i. manufactured, taii.ir-m.Hie or ; made to order. The corre bj it ni overlooks the fact that the n on we have two classes In society is not because a certain individual has created two classes, bui .simply because it Is a natural course of de velopment ever since humanity orig inated, and the time is not far off when these two classes shall have a final clash, thereby evolving society into one class, called the working class. Second Our correspondent main tains the Idea that all who call them selves ladies and gentlemen should wear badges; and if this Idea was i up there would !><■ very few la dies and gentlemen left, because II would not be an act of the twentieth century, but one of the fifth fcentury, and the correspondent would not be going forward, but backward. Third -The third, last and most con spicuous remark made by tho corre spondent is in giving the wrong defi nition of a gentleman. She says a gen tleman never works. On the contrary, a man who never works lias not the fust principles of a gentleman, since in merely watches day turn into night and night into day. lie has no consideration for others, and, like a bug, sits on the backs of others. Such people are culled parasites. A THINKER. REGARDS CHARGES AGAINST IMMIGRANTS AS UNTENABLE LOS ANGELES, March I.—[Editor Herald]: "American crime and crimi nals do not come from the children of our public schools, but from the un educated and foreigner.-!. The slum ele ment is nearly all foreigners." Thus ■ays Mr. <;. L. Robertson. Against lii.s statement 1 set that of Judge Llnd sey, quoted in •('rime and Criminals." which is. as follows: "I am not one of those who lay much stress upon Immi gration as a cause of crime in this country, either adult or juvenile. My own Investigation! of polli c records (and I have Investigated those of near ly all large cities), have rather startled mo by showing how few of our juve nile criminals are of foreign paren tage." See also what a most compe tent observer, Arthur Train, says "ti this subject in the Saturday Evening Post of March 5, and the book already referred to, where it Is shown that the sections most frequented by immi grants—the New England states— have the cleanest bill of health. I quote Judge Lindsey again as say- Ing that "over haif tlie inmates of re formatories', Jails and prisoni in this country are under ..". years of age Some authorities say under Most of these juvenile criminals have re ceived their education in this country. Where do 111' V Bit their education? Only to a v< ry small extent in the pub bools, when' a smattering or the . lements is pumped into youngsters who are t I'ten half-starved. For example, school officials recently re ported to the board of education that ;. children who attend the si luiols of Chicago are habitually hungry, and at Last 10, > other children attend school without having sufficient nourishment. With such conditioni the best of teach ers can make only the most superfi cial impression. No, the real education is that of the home slirrotinilings and the bread- Winning occupation. The former Is Coming to mean the slum, owned main ly by Americans, and the factory, usually conducted by Americans and operated solely for what money there it. regardless of life or human happine: i. Add as ■ supplement the iaii and penitentiary, invariably under American management, and you have life's real educators for millions and millions Of our fellow countrymen. \VM. C. OWEN. WILL OFFER THEM TWOPENCE FOR RELICS OF MORALITY I.i is ANGELES, March 8.- [Editor Herald]: I observe much pother In your columns as to crime and its* causes, wherefore i sui.mii a passage from one "f my countrymen, Robert Louis Stevenson, who has been much admired as a writer and moralist. He says: "li is all very line to talk about tramps and morality, Six hours of police surveillance (such as I have had) or one brutal rejection from an Inn door change your views upon the sub ject like a Coarse Of lectures. As lonij as you keep In the upper regions, with all the world bowing to you as you >;,., social arrangements have a very handsome air. but once get under tin' wheels and you wish society were at the devil. I will Rive most ivspe-tahle nun a fortnight of such a life, anil then I will offer them twopence tor What remains of their morality." Hues not that just about clinch the matter. 1 have read in the great Goethe's "Wllhelm Melster" that each student was compelled for one month in the twelve' to perform tlio most te dious and revolting tasks, that he might be brought face to face with the facts of life and thereby acquire a true education. What a revolution would follow the forced adoption of such a course by our well-to-do! Then, Indeed, might we safely offer them two pence for their preachments. H. B. McCLEAN. TELLS WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A. LADY DECIDES TO GO OUT COI/EGROVEi March B.—[Editor Herald]: From a New York publica tion I learn what takes place when a lucty decide* to go out. Letter Boxers may enjoy reading it: The lady Of the establishment was getting ready to bo out. Word was passed out to the garage and the chauffeur saw thut the clock In the car was wound up, that the electric heating apparatus was in con dition and ready to turn on. that the FACTS ABOUT THREAD Frederic J. Haskin HIIUKAD is such a small article timt it usually •» ■|i"- serious consideration, yel M Is surprising how nuieh it lakes tO supply the needs of mankind. At one factory alone over twelve' hundred different kinds of thread are made, the daily output heiiiK thirteen thousand odd miles. This is an average of over a thousand miles an hour, or twenty miles a minute. Nor is thai all. Ten thousand dozen spools IN used daily. The aggregate engine force amounts to thirty thousand horsepower, and re quires four hundred tons Of COal daily. This power drives over half a million spindles. The number of employes is about ten thousand. The factory Itself i covers one hundred acres of ground. The manufacture of cotton thread, m well as liiipn, Is conflnril almost «n --ttrely to large factorial, ai the process in both chsob is men an elaborate and expensive one aa to preclude the possl bllity or Iti being ■ profitable builneu when conducted on ■ ■tnall scale. M one time it was declared <\::i<. the mols turo of Oreat Britain and of Scotland especially was eaMtlal to the proper making of the thread, and that it could not be made In this country on thai account, Lowever, Yankee shrewd ness lurmounted that obstacle, steam serving noi only to furnish the neces sary molature, hut heat as well, tile latter bolus another important factor. One of the most Interesting featurea f thread manufacture in the number ing;. Thr heaviest cotton thread la called number one, nml of this size. eight hundred and forty yards are needed to make a pouM. This slie forma the basis of all tiir- numbering, Fifty cotton is fifty times as tine, and therefore requires fifty tlmea eight hun dred and forty yarda to weigh a pound, it (s thr iame way with the larger numbers, and as the must popular gradei are from sixty to eighty it really can be Imagined how lon* a distance would ho covered by ■> pound. The highest number In general uae is ono hundred, although for unusually Cino work two hundred la aometimea uiied. As far ai Is known, tho finest ever made ni aeven hundred, so fine : in fact that it waa of no value as sew ing cotton. A pound of tills number would cover four tlmus-md. seven hundred and seventy mil ■. Tho proceM of manufacturing tho thread alone la not tho end of tho work. Spools have to bo made on Which to wind the cotton, nnd then stickers are H iced on both ends. Cotton was orig- Inally sold in hanks, nnd afterward wound Into balls as wovstod is today. wishing to be accommodating, a Bcotch manufacturer in the early 'sna wound the thread on n spool for bin customers. For this service ho charged a halfpenny, to be refunded when the empty spool waa returned. Today tho i lanufactura of spools requires about fifteen thousand tons of wood, which is converted Into about two hundred .iiid fifty million spool*. The WOOd at Brat came from Scotland, but its forests! becoming grontly decrease,l. tho supply trow cornea from northern Europe ana North America. • « • The cheapness of cotton as compared with linen thread has always been an Important Item in favor of the former. By n. record discovert, however, linen has boon put on an almost even foot ing with cotton. The process of remov ing the woody particles from the fiber has heretofore been a long and tedious one. In olden times it took thirty week! between the time of "pulling the flax and the delivery of the goods even today It takes eleven weeks where the old process is used In Eu rope. By this method linen can be sold as cheaply as cotton, and with a much larger profit to the manufacturer and Cotton thread manufacture Is closely connected with the making of linen thread bo far as its history is con cerned The beginning of linen thread. In Scotland at least, is traced to Christian Shaw, who in the early .Os conceived the Idea of making sewing thread out of linen. The necessary apparatus was brought from Holland. The attempt proved successful, and the product, known ns Bargarran thread. obtained a wide notoriety. Cotton thread, being made by hand at that time was unable to compete with the writing pad was in place and that not a particle of dust was on the scats. The head butler, the under butler, the grooms and the hall maid were all ""two 'ladies' maids passed "Pss- One put on the lady's shoes. The other hooked her up. They ran back and forth bringing her things. Flow ers delicate perfumes, laces plumes, everything that a lady needs when she goes out—were all there. The investment, including t'?ear tides of value, amounted to ♦JOO.OOO. The cost or having the lady go out, Including fixed charges, wear and tear. labor, interest account and a proper sum charged off to the sinking fund, ""The head butler went back Into his The head butler wont back Into his province and lighted his pipe. The maids refreshed themselves with tea. The others settled back and read the afternoon papers—waiting for her to come back. The lady herself was the only object in the whole transaction who was absolutely valueless, She couldn't have earned $6 a month at any occupation. She had no market value. From every standpoint she was useless..' ■_' ' That is from every standpoint ex cept ' one-she furnished a vacuum around which money circulated. \ llihAl .I'.lt. HIGH COST OF LIVING NOT TO BE REACHED BY STATUTES LOS ANGELES, March B.—[Editor Herald]: Society has reached so pom plicated a stage that a diagnosis of Any one of its various complaints ls about as difficult as. a solution of the problem of life. The present critical illness in the social stomach seems to demand some remedy, for the pain of '''The^k-lfness is real The high cost of living is daily adding to the toll poverty takes of her citizenship, and tho doctors are supplying the usual investigations and making tedious examinations— the patient public grows weaker and weaker, waiting UWe' must pay out many, many mil lions to those combinations called trusts because our laws permit them to levy the toll. The sugar trust alone, says Mr Russell, reaped a harvest of some $25,000,000 by reason of the Ding ley tariff act. How many thousand millions are paid out annually to the gentlemen of privilege that infest our municipal marts? The sums that the American people law away and vote to law away every year in America would stagger comi rchension. Lin coln Steft'ens showed us long ago that big business made the political boss— the political boss named the candi dates, and the candidates made the laws. And these laws were made for big business. Ultimately the remedy is In doing away with • privilege, for privilege la the only injustice from linen, but In likt the Industry was revolutionised, by Invention, and since then has been in the lead. Silk thread has a largo consump tion. No«- York ih the greatest port, with the sole exception of Shanghai, for raw silk In the world. I'aterson, N. J., is the principal -siu< manufactur ing center In the United KtnteH, and makes about one-half of all the prod ucts u.-ed In tins country. Silk culture is carried on extensively in china and Japan, and from thero wo get the most of our raw material. Of the COCOOns used, only the perfect speci mens an- converted into the. rftW ma terial, the others helriff put asldo to be later converted Into doss silk. Thread, berth cotton and linen, Ib used extensively for lace making, the former also having a. large demand for use as lish lines, fish Dels and for. sewing shoes. Lace making forms an im portant Industry In many or the towns of Europe, and its manufacture in taught as part of the school our-* rlculum. Nottingham makes wonderful lac c curtains, a single pair having cost aa hifih as 16000. Hand-made laco is always highly valued, hut the demand for this article has Increased to such ;,u extent thai a large percentage is now turned out by machinery. The best Honlton lace, In the time of rresi dont Jefferson, was so expensive that a lady's veil of lines! quality some times'brought as much as $6000. To day similar maehlne-niado goods are SO cheap that one can be had for $2. * • « A tiow thread for weaving purposes is being made In Oregon and Cali fornla, This is made from "bull" or y, iiow pine needlea, and in used for making blankets, arCtlO boots and mattrexnes. This tree Is not a "timber 1 product In the western sense, and tlm United Slates forest service has en couraged the industry, believing It to 1,,, beneficial t" the trees. The needles are picked in the spring, and 'Jr> cents la paid for one hundred pounds. The process Of preparing the needles Ih somewhat similar to the manner In M hi, h llax is done. Another thread for weaving which has recently received serious considera tion ts Ramie. This is a nettle grass which grows principally in China, where ii is extensively used for Clothing. It also grows in Porto RICO and the Philippine Islands. This is not only good for thread, fishing lines and mis. but for doth. It does not rot. It will grow where cotton will, nnd in places wham even that plant does nc)t thrive. It Is equally as cheap to produce. The most expensive part of the process of converting it into thread was degummlng the fiber, but a method has now been discovered by which it takes but ten minutes. • » — The making of thread is considered to be both easy and pleasant work. Somo of the manufacturers are trying to make the life of their employee as happy as possible. Th< work is such thai young girls and boys can readily I do it. and of the whole force a con ! siderable percentage are young people. In Scotland a school has been erected where the girls can receive a training which will enable them to gel ahead In their work. The same has boon done for the boys. A home has also been built for girls living at too great a dis tance from the factory. Hero they can board at the lowest possible rate under tho care of a suitable matron. Tennis courts, cricket and football grounds are set up for the benefit of the young people, and during the year several : excursions are given. .:/ . As a close companion to thread comes the needle This is another small article which docs considerable to increase the list of manufactures In this country. Connecticut produces the greatest number of these, making "bout two hundred million each year. To make a needle requires twenty-two processes. Sewing machine needles are made In this country, but the ordinary sewing and darning needles are almost entirely.made abroad, this country receiving about three hundred thousand dollars' worth each year. The needle was in use In prehistoric times In all places where man clothed himself In the skins of animals or wo™en ...a. dials. The original variety was made of bone and ivory, and are still In use at the present time among uncivilized people. which we suffer. But to do away with privilege we must boat big business at the start We must name the can didates. The direct primaries are for that. Then we must obtain control or our legislation. . The initiative and referendum ana recall will do that. Then we must re peal the laws that feed fat the few and starve the many. We must make our own public servants serve the public. _ -A- BAILEY. COMMENDS CARNEGILE'S STAND ON ENDOWED NEWSPAPER PASADENA, March B.—[Editor Her ald]: In an editorial squib in this morning's Herald you speak of Mr. Carnegie's "good sense" In declaring against the "endowed newspaper" and ins assertion that "an endowed news paper would not be a free agent. I am sure that the great reading, think ing public will appreciate the won derful perspicacity of the good Mr. Carnegie, and, thanking him for the timely hint, at once proceed to carry the Idea one or two steps farther and Hsk themselves, "What about the endowed colleges and the bolstered pul pits, by and through which the multi millionaire class are planning to throt tle the freedom of our educational system and our religious guidance?" And now, as the crowning Insult to an outraged nation of free men and women, and enslaved and exploited helpless little children, we are about to have a charity trust thrust upon us by the self-righteous scions of plutoc racy, chartered and perhaps subsi dized by the government at Washing ton. And verily, "The left hand shall not know what the right hand doeth!" EDWIN HURLBUT. SAYS ALL MARRIED WOMEN ARE NOT IDLE AND FRIVOLOUS LOS ANGELES, Feb. 28.—[Editor Herald]: E. L. Hutchison seems to include all women in the married class when he dwells upon their idleness and irivolity, for while all married women are not idle and frivolous it is possible for them to noglect their duties and squander all the earnings of their hus bands. To the woman wage-earner this is well nigh impossible. The av erage stenographer turning out scores of letters and documents from morning till night has no time to be Idle (and 1 know of no work that is more nerve destroying and chest-contracting), and it is not likely that she will spend money foolishly that has been earned in such an arduous way. There are millions of women who earn every cent of money they have to spend, Why does not Mr. H. look to these und forget for awhile about the silly, gadding women who are supported by some man, either father, husband or brother? A LAWYER.