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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, March 13, 1910, Image 6

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Los Angeles Herald
THOMAS 15. GIBBON President
FRANK E. WOLFE Managing Editor
THOMAS J. GOLI>ING...Bu»IneM Manager
DAVID G. BAILX.IE ■ Associate Editor
Entered as second clas» matter at the
postofflce In Los Angeles.
Founded Oct. 2, 1813. Thirty-sixth Tear.
■ ■ Chamber of Commerce Building.
' Phones—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211.
The only Democratic newspaper in South
ern California receiving lull Associated press
report*. '
NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso
ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver
aging 25,000 words a day.
Daily, by mall or carrier, a month » .40
Dally, by mail or carrier, three months. 1.10
Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. ..2.35
Dally, by mall or carrier, ono year 4.60
Bunday Herald, one year 2-00
Postage free In United States and Mexico;
elsewhere postage added. _____
OAKLAND —Los Angeles ami Southern Cali
fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak
land will find The Herald on sale at the
news stands in the San Francisco ferry
building and en the streets In Oakland by
Wheatley and by Am™ News Co.
A rile of The Los Angeles Herald con be
seen at the office of our Bngllih represen
tatives, Messrs. E. ami J. Hardy & <'".. 3".
II and II Fleet street, London, Erin in.l.
free of charge, and that firm will he glad to
receive new!, subscriptions and advertlso
ments on our behalf.
On all matters pertaining to advertising
address Charles It. Gates, advertising man
Population of Los Angeles 327,685
BBLABCO— "Th« M.m of tin Hour."
BURBAMK—"Bw«»i Kitty Balltlra."
(iHA.M)— Tin- Qlrl from rails."
MM ANOBLBfl — Vaudeville.
MAJESTIC — The Right if Way."
Olilllll M —Vamlevllle.
I'HIM ESS—Musical farce.
MAYOR GAYNOR of New York has
mads such an extraordinarily
shrewd, keen, clover ruling as to
evidence in connection with cases of
violation of the liquor ordinance that it
is worthy of publicity and Imitation in
every part of the United State* where
the sale of liquor is a problem. It has
always been difficult to convict per
sons accused of the illegal sale of malt
and spirituous liquors when a witness
has not been prepared to Bwear the
booze was actually booze. Mayoi Gay
nor says the serving of a drink of
whisky by a defendant Is an admission
by Scald defendant that the stun: is
whisky. When whisky li ordered, the
dispenser of drinks does not bring a
liquid colored to resemble whisky. He
brings whisky. If it is not whisky, it
is worse. Certainly it is not a tem
perance beverage.
if a bar tender were accused by an
irate customer of serving in response
to an order for whisky a drink that
was not whisky, he would be Indignant, ,
Yet when brought to book for law
breaking, that same bar tender will
challenge the accuracy of the stute
nienf of witnesses that whisky was the
liquor served when whisky was asked
A bar tender engaged in lawless
booze dispensing la between the devil
and the deep sea. Either he must
cheat the customer or cheat the law.
He never cheats the customer; his
whisky is always whisky, and never
pink lemonade.
And he will never again cheat the
law if Judge Gaynor's point Is remem
bered: When a defendant law breaker
serves a drink of whisky, the act of
serving the drink of whisky i.- Un ad
mission by him the liquid served is
docks, watery
gas and cli -n Ie w
of municipal ow n< i
sistent and stable j II
ernmi bi
is greatly Lm i
ttn ngthi n<.! by so .
tin- position tak< n1 s Mp, >
missed unii
the most advan .1 muni I] ■
mansh p,
Mr, Carnei ■ ■
I ith method ming"
; city, the polil l< o corpoi itl nal and
the municipal, to be keenlj a
advantages of tlie municipal. )
ownership of public utilities, pi
investment In matters Intimatelj con
d with the existence ol I
a rello of a bygone day, when citizens
bad u"t i' arm d the virtui ■ i
Of co-operation, and allowed- nay, In
i Ited —politicians t.> ha wk
ami peddle special privileges. Popular
self-governmi-nt implies popular abil
ity to manage all the affairs of thi
people, and transportation, dockage
and lislitin^ an three ' •' the principal
, on< Bros of a f Itlmo mei'"il"
lis and three in which the people ol
tha metropolis should have the
trol'ing, regulating and administering
(t~fT E that Is without sin among
H you, let him first cast . a
■*--■- stone." In this day of per
sonal criticism and unhesitating 1 ex
pressions of opinion by one man as to
the character and conduct of his fel
low man, it la well to remind ourselves
of the attitude, example and special
Instruction or Jesus on the subject.
Ho never varied from the teaching ex
pressed In the passage quoted, which
records one of his utterances at a
most memorable time, when a woman
accused of transgression was brought
before him and he was asked whether
she should be dealt with under the
Old Mosaic law, which decreed that
any woman guilty of Immorality
should be put to death In a cruel and
unusual manner, by being pelted with
rocks. Jesus Intimated that any hu
man being who wished to take part in ]
such a horrible mode of inflicting cap
ital punishment would have to be very
sure he was spotlessly clean in char- j
acter, otherwise he would be guilty
of a crime.
This being the case, how many men
and women make modern criminals of
themselves by condemning and even I
hounding to death fellow human beings |
who are caught committing crime? It
Is wicked to commit a crime. it is
even more wicked to be caught.
In these days of easy publicity, with
what an uproar and babble Is each
poor sinner pursued when "caught In
the very act." Thousands doubtless
escape criticism or rebuke because
they are too wise in their day and
generation to be thus caught. Yet
Jesus taught it is wicked for a sinner
to condemn a sinner. Men themselves
.recognise this fact proverbially when
they talk of the grotesqueness of a.
"Satan reproving sin."
Jesus taught FORGIVENESS, and
believed In giving the sinner another
"Woman, where are those thine ac
cusers? Hath no man condemned
thee? . . . Neither do i condemn
A revival of this teaching will purify
modern society, exalt standards of
character and conduct, and make bet
ter men and better women.
On: friend, tbt Pacific outlook, in
an excellent, outspoken article on
"John D. and His Dough," has
succeeded in voicing the sontimont of
tin- majority of the people: "What's
the use of eternally sugar-coating
things? AW are not going to bo de
ceived by the glare of some gold leaf,
arc we? Or by the snivel of a false
penitence? Rockefeller has bought up
city councils, state legislatures, courts
and congress, but he is not going to be
able to buy up the whole American
pi opl< . is he?"
Beyond reasonable doubt the his
tory of the Standard Oil company
"smells n' M I." People have been
killed in order to upbuild a huge for
tune—literally killed. Many a bul
clde's grave bears witness against the
inhumane, un-American. cowardly
and damnable "system," the memory
of which this unscrupulous business
tyrant, Rockefeller, proposes to per
petuate by gifts bearing his name.
Never before has civilization been so
overbearingly insulted. Heretofore thi
human race has shuddered at thought
Of immortalizing in fane, temple or
church Judas [scarlot, Herod, Nero,
Lucullus, Croesus or others who coined
their fellow mortals Into money and
ed it. .Modern civilization Is
asked to take a new point of view, as
sent to the proposition the end justifies
the means, shake, hands with the red
handed when the red hands are con
. ealed in kid gloves.
wise to shrive Boron Rockefeller
because he brings part of his loot to
the a!i ii v
117 ill l.i: the fcovei nmi nl of the
»V United St iti If complaining*
' ' ..r a DEFICIT in postal rev
i, Canada la bragging of a, postal
surplus of $i.Mi.ii. annually. Reason?
sin,].lf enough. The I'anadlan fov
no! permit Itself to be
gouged by railroads anil express com
panies. Eliminate the gouge from the
economies of the United States, and
t!..- matter of po tal revenue would
ike away from any In
dustry !!!■■ elemenl of unearned profit,
„]■ mo io} taken i" cause it is there
;,i take, and because no one pn
the enterprising taker from taking It,
and tin' industry "ill bi ■ althy.
No Industry, whether national or
privute, ili.ii I ii hil; drained con
stantly « Ithoul a unt«i 11
a healthy ci ndltlon. Leeching as an
, .i to h! Btlene Is out oi date,
What la needed In adjusting affairs
ailroad mull gougi which is
merely another form of the railr I
gu ■ :. Tl loro Koosevi It's
I ick. ' m an offender vho calmly
In hla office and devises ways and
..f getting possession of soint
of ili. people's money without work
ing for It, moral suasion has as much
11 i. i on an army mule.
i in building valuations In l-o.s
An.:' • .'ii days .-f March
. ding period
. ise in limn
ued, 138. Growth,
progress and prosperity mark the won
di rful histoi s of i Ireatei Los An
Well may citizens be proud oi' the Los
Members of tl r i e\ Islon com
lon are entering oi the hardest
pa ■' of their work. Ie clt
are pi rformlng a most Important
public service, and deserve t!;<' appre
on and thanks <>f the people of
1. is Angel
A Long Island surrogate Solomon: to
■■ four timei a year
is not too often for a gentleman to
get drunk." Bosh! No, gentleman
[ t r>ts drunk.
■ * Www «■? ' f f 0g <C- tit*
yy\^ HHAT I WLLHfIME AND o/\ jr , .
s^ M^^^^^ •r- *i /*> iW C "T* iI i k ' $ t 1
PROCEEDINGS in connection with
ti governmental land acquisi
tion near Point Flrmin show land
along the coast lias been increased in
value from 5 cents to (2600 ai
Colonization and the pressure of the
land hungry from the east have" pro
ili 1 the phenomenal Increases In real
estate values for which Southern Cali
fornia is famous.
There are in I,n<i Angeles many citi
zens who from their personal remin
ls< encea can give instances of incr
in value that cannot be paralleled in
any other city.
( >f course, during hundreds of years
there has been a great appreciation of
downtown property in New York,
where real estate values In the busi
ness districts are higher than In any
other city in the world. But Los An
. in tens of years instead of hun
i, has seen an increase that is pro
portionately not less great and actually
not less wonderful. Will tiOs Al
1..' as Lit: and as wealthy as New
York? Yes, most assuredly: and at
Its present rate of growth It will be
New York's great western rival for
metropolitan supremacy in the United
i m.v. upon a time golf was the
man'a game. Nature made the links;
the clubs lly fashioned. Any
body could s oop a hole In the ground
and stick up a marker. In modern
days golf haa I ltall«ed, and Is
oui ol reach of the average poor man,
unless he should ln qualified to a rye
as a caddy. Is this a sign Of prO|
In two weeks ending yesterday total
bank clearings of Los Angreles amount
ed to 184,755.192. T-" pros] rlty of Loa
aa more than Justifies the <'\por
taiiniis of Investon who by their ac
tlons showed their faith In our mag
nificent metropolis. Verily, they have
their rewardi and they are entitled
to it. _^
Mr. Carnegie will plant red
in Scotland. This will BUbjeet
grand forest kings to risk of
misunderstood. Merely as It hap
"redwood 1 Is the Scottish for
Apropos of certain great ben
i "When the de\ II was old, the
,h'\ il ,i monk would 1 p." < When the
■,\-.is young the "devil a monk"
was he.)
\v ■ • that "id yarn al oul a man
who stole a bull and gi\ c the horns
and hoofs to the ! '? iRi
i red to J. 1». Im
The State Press
Works of Art
I Tlir Iruth i- i! .it I ■■ ailvertlxe
better works
■ il,.in m'ttn ■ I
p, „,.|.. rave, n la v blln I an 1 mi n
, , i •!.. |'Ui :. nil 1 In Rllkl unjust
in tho i ulntera i i today un I absurd us ;t
fail ami pivtense lhai Ihosi »ho ipi nd n 11
-, i ri ally uic cuu
ainento l iii.ii.
Graft on St. Louis
Former Governor Folk took a pretty hard
s-hot at the municipal statesmen of St. l.miis
when he declared, ' The buodlvr In neither
Democratic nor Republican; hi is criminal.
It has been conclusively established that fur
twcnty-flve years not a bill ot comequen a
passed tho St. Louis municipal assembly un
legs legislator.) ere paid for their votes."—
Oakland Knijulrer.
Hustle, Girlies, Hustle!
College Kiris are strongly ailvlsod to husiifj
bj MUa GUI, prenldent at thu Inten-olleglate
Alumi i
gave recently :it Radi B»n Jom
Bully Joke
An Aim rli an nami i M« -: wan |ur«<J la
nlnh bull fight last week another rasn
md Hi. bullrushei Holll ■■ r Free
„„,, _ + _
Domestic Zoology
School teacher—Tommy, what animal bup
pltes you with boots, shoes arid meat to eat-}«
Tommy—l'aija. liumbuldt Standard.
Such a Shock?
TO CORHESrOXnF.NTS—I.etter» Intended for publication must be accompanied by
(lie name and address of t.ie writer. The Herald give, the widest latitude to correspond
ents, licit assumes no responsibility for their views.
tiOB ANQELES, March T.—[Editor
Herald]: The sentiment of the letters
<if Edward I;. Hutchison reminds one
„l ■ Bible Itory, which is told in the
■eventeenth chapter of First Samuel,
where Goliath challenged the warriors
.if King Saul to "come out and fight."
Th" text shows that Goliath of Gath,
because he m a gtant In size, con
tinually taunted the Israelites and in
vited them to send a man to engage
him In battle. That is exactly what
Mr. Hutchison docs in his letters in
hii attitude toward women. He d^es
not se.m to present any logical solu
tion-* of any problem! of the affe, or
any remedy for the evils of the present
economic condition that its last brins
ing dlaaeter on the human family. He
ieemi to I 1 • content to be a bird of
evil omen ami devote his time to
croaking. Uko A.lam, the first man.
he simply says, "The woman tliou
gayest me ii t<> blame." An arrow of
truth might puncture his argument as
. ai ily as the stone from the fling of
the simple shepherd boy laid low
Goliath 1 r Oath. David needed no
armor and no sword to meet his en
emy, for the itrong arm of the Lord
ted liis aim, Bo truth must be
i in these later days. If Mr
Hutchison has written the truth re
garding the woman near and dear to
the writer Is truly sorry for him,
but none the less he will have to con
t, mi that he has maligned the wives
ami mothers of his fellow men.
A student who is looking for rouses
Instead of effects would hesitate long
before he would rush into print t o ac
cuse one-half of the race (and a more
or less helpless half at that) of being
responsible for conditions that have
been brought about by a civilization of
individualism that places the Itrong
in a position t<» grind down and op
til" weak and helpless, and
B Of man (and woman as well) a
creature thai cares little for the mis
fortune of others if their own Imme
diate u.mts and ambitions aw gratl
• i. a ' iviiization of Individualism
thai places the welfare of self us
greater than the welfare of the many.
which makes the entire world with Its
beehive of humanity a battlefield for
self, In the blind rush for advancement
in the material world.
PASADENA, March 4.—[Editor Her
ahi|. in commenting upon the article
in the Letter Hox of March :!, when a
communication appeared Blgned by a
woman who maintain! the idea that
one i lai a i i created to serve another
!i i to tny regret that iuch a
correspondent should find apace In. any
newspaper. 1 shall take up her re
marks one by one ana thrash them
Fir t -The correspondent puts down
for her heading that one class was
created to BerVU another, just as if it
•,.. i. manufactured, taii.ir-m.Hie or
; made to order. The corre
bj it ni overlooks the fact that the
n on we have two classes In society
is not because a certain individual
has created two classes, bui .simply
because it Is a natural course of de
velopment ever since humanity orig
inated, and the time is not far off when
these two classes shall have a final
clash, thereby evolving society into
one class, called the working class.
Second Our correspondent main
tains the Idea that all who call them
selves ladies and gentlemen should
wear badges; and if this Idea was
i up there would !><■ very few la
dies and gentlemen left, because II
would not be an act of the twentieth
century, but one of the fifth fcentury,
and the correspondent would not be
going forward, but backward.
Third -The third, last and most con
spicuous remark made by tho corre
spondent is in giving the wrong defi
nition of a gentleman. She says a gen
tleman never works. On the contrary,
a man who never works lias not the
fust principles of a gentleman, since
in merely watches day turn into
night and night into day. lie has no
consideration for others, and, like a
bug, sits on the backs of others. Such
people are culled parasites.
LOS ANGELES, March I.—[Editor
Herald]: "American crime and crimi
nals do not come from the children of
our public schools, but from the un
educated and foreigner.-!. The slum ele
ment is nearly all foreigners." Thus
■ays Mr. <;. L. Robertson. Against
lii.s statement 1 set that of Judge Llnd
sey, quoted in •('rime and Criminals."
which is. as follows: "I am not one of
those who lay much stress upon Immi
gration as a cause of crime in this
country, either adult or juvenile. My
own Investigation! of polli c records
(and I have Investigated those of near
ly all large cities), have rather startled
mo by showing how few of our juve
nile criminals are of foreign paren
tage." See also what a most compe
tent observer, Arthur Train, says "ti
this subject in the Saturday Evening
Post of March 5, and the book already
referred to, where it Is shown that the
sections most frequented by immi
grants—the New England states— have
the cleanest bill of health.
I quote Judge Lindsey again as say-
Ing that "over haif tlie inmates of re
formatories', Jails and prisoni in this
country are under ..". years of age
Some authorities say under Most
of these juvenile criminals have re
ceived their education in this country.
Where do 111' V Bit their education?
Only to a v< ry small extent in the pub
bools, when' a smattering or the
. lements is pumped into youngsters
who are t I'ten half-starved. For
example, school officials recently re
ported to the board of education that
;. children who attend the si luiols of
Chicago are habitually hungry, and at
Last 10, > other children attend school
without having sufficient nourishment.
With such conditioni the best of teach
ers can make only the most superfi
cial impression.
No, the real education is that of
the home slirrotinilings and the bread-
Winning occupation. The former Is
Coming to mean the slum, owned main
ly by Americans, and the factory,
usually conducted by Americans and
operated solely for what money there
it. regardless of life or human
happine: i. Add as ■ supplement the
iaii and penitentiary, invariably under
American management, and you have
life's real educators for millions and
millions Of our fellow countrymen.
I.i is ANGELES, March 8.- [Editor
Herald]: I observe much pother In
your columns as to crime and its*
causes, wherefore i sui.mii a passage
from one "f my countrymen, Robert
Louis Stevenson, who has been much
admired as a writer and moralist. He
says: "li is all very line to talk about
tramps and morality, Six hours of
police surveillance (such as I have had)
or one brutal rejection from an Inn
door change your views upon the sub
ject like a Coarse Of lectures. As lonij
as you keep In the upper regions, with
all the world bowing to you as you
>;,., social arrangements have a very
handsome air. but once get under tin'
wheels and you wish society were at
the devil. I will Rive most ivspe-tahle
nun a fortnight of such a life, anil
then I will offer them twopence tor
What remains of their morality."
Hues not that just about clinch the
matter. 1 have read in the great
Goethe's "Wllhelm Melster" that each
student was compelled for one month
in the twelve' to perform tlio most te
dious and revolting tasks, that he
might be brought face to face with the
facts of life and thereby acquire a
true education. What a revolution
would follow the forced adoption of
such a course by our well-to-do! Then,
Indeed, might we safely offer them two
pence for their preachments.
COI/EGROVEi March B.—[Editor
Herald]: From a New York publica
tion I learn what takes place when a
lucty decide* to go out. Letter Boxers
may enjoy reading it:
The lady Of the establishment was
getting ready to bo out.
Word was passed out to the garage
and the chauffeur saw thut the clock
In the car was wound up, that the
electric heating apparatus was in con
dition and ready to turn on. that the
Frederic J. Haskin
HIIUKAD is such a small article
timt it usually •» ■|i"-
serious consideration, yel M
Is surprising how nuieh it
lakes tO supply the needs of
mankind. At one factory
alone over twelve' hundred
different kinds of thread are made, the
daily output heiiiK thirteen thousand
odd miles. This is an average of over
a thousand miles an hour, or twenty
miles a minute. Nor is thai all. Ten
thousand dozen spools IN used daily.
The aggregate engine force amounts to
thirty thousand horsepower, and re
quires four hundred tons Of COal daily.
This power drives over half a million
spindles. The number of employes is
about ten thousand. The factory Itself
i covers one hundred acres of ground.
The manufacture of cotton thread, m
well as liiipn, Is conflnril almost «n
--ttrely to large factorial, ai the process
in both chsob is men an elaborate and
expensive one aa to preclude the possl
bllity or Iti being ■ profitable builneu
when conducted on ■ ■tnall scale. M
one time it was declared <\::i<. the mols
turo of Oreat Britain and of Scotland
especially was eaMtlal to the proper
making of the thread, and that it could
not be made In this country on thai
account, Lowever, Yankee shrewd
ness lurmounted that obstacle, steam
serving noi only to furnish the neces
sary molature, hut heat as well, tile
latter bolus another important factor.
One of the most Interesting featurea
„f thread manufacture in the number
ing;. Thr heaviest cotton thread la
called number one, nml of this size.
eight hundred and forty yards are
needed to make a pouM. This slie
forma the basis of all tiir- numbering,
Fifty cotton is fifty times as tine, and
therefore requires fifty tlmea eight hun
dred and forty yarda to weigh a pound,
it (s thr iame way with the larger
numbers, and as the must popular
gradei are from sixty to eighty it
really can be Imagined how lon* a
distance would ho covered by ■> pound.
The highest number In general uae is
ono hundred, although for unusually
Cino work two hundred la aometimea
uiied. As far ai Is known, tho finest
ever made ni aeven hundred, so fine
: in fact that it waa of no value as sew
ing cotton. A pound of tills number
would cover four tlmus-md. seven
hundred and seventy mil ■.
Tho proceM of manufacturing tho
thread alone la not tho end of tho work.
Spools have to bo made on Which to
wind the cotton, nnd then stickers are
H iced on both ends. Cotton was orig-
Inally sold in hanks, nnd afterward
wound Into balls as wovstod is today.
wishing to be accommodating, a
Bcotch manufacturer in the early 'sna
wound the thread on n spool for bin
customers. For this service ho charged
a halfpenny, to be refunded when the
empty spool waa returned. Today tho
i lanufactura of spools requires about
fifteen thousand tons of wood, which
is converted Into about two hundred
.iiid fifty million spool*. The WOOd at
Brat came from Scotland, but its forests!
becoming grontly decrease,l. tho supply
trow cornea from northern Europe ana
North America.
• « •
The cheapness of cotton as compared
with linen thread has always been an
Important Item in favor of the former.
By n. record discovert, however, linen
has boon put on an almost even foot
ing with cotton. The process of remov
ing the woody particles from the fiber
has heretofore been a long and tedious
one. In olden times it took thirty
week! between the time of "pulling
the flax and the delivery of the goods
even today It takes eleven weeks
where the old process is used In Eu
rope. By this method linen can be sold
as cheaply as cotton, and with a much
larger profit to the manufacturer and
Cotton thread manufacture Is closely
connected with the making of linen
thread bo far as its history is con
cerned The beginning of linen thread.
In Scotland at least, is traced to
Christian Shaw, who in the early .Os
conceived the Idea of making sewing
thread out of linen. The necessary
apparatus was brought from Holland.
The attempt proved successful, and the
product, known ns Bargarran thread.
obtained a wide notoriety. Cotton
thread, being made by hand at that
time was unable to compete with the
writing pad was in place and that not
a particle of dust was on the scats.
The head butler, the under butler,
the grooms and the hall maid were all
""two 'ladies' maids passed "Pss-
One put on the lady's shoes. The
other hooked her up. They ran back
and forth bringing her things. Flow
ers delicate perfumes, laces plumes,
everything that a lady needs
when she goes out—were all there.
The investment, including t'?ear
tides of value, amounted to ♦JOO.OOO.
The cost or having the lady go out,
Including fixed charges, wear and tear.
labor, interest account and a proper
sum charged off to the sinking fund,
""The head butler went back Into his
The head butler wont back Into his
province and lighted his pipe. The
maids refreshed themselves with tea.
The others settled back and read the
afternoon papers—waiting for her to
come back. The lady herself was the
only object in the whole transaction
who was absolutely valueless, She
couldn't have earned $6 a month at
any occupation. She had no market
value. From every standpoint she
was useless..' ■_' '
That is from every standpoint ex
cept ' one-she furnished a vacuum
around which money circulated.
\ llihAl .I'.lt.
LOS ANGELES, March B.—[Editor
Herald]: Society has reached so pom
plicated a stage that a diagnosis of
Any one of its various complaints ls
about as difficult as. a solution of the
problem of life. The present critical
illness in the social stomach seems to
demand some remedy, for the pain of
'''The^k-lfness is real The high cost
of living is daily adding to the toll
poverty takes of her citizenship, and
tho doctors are supplying the usual
investigations and making tedious
examinations— the patient public
grows weaker and weaker, waiting
UWe' must pay out many, many mil
lions to those combinations called
trusts because our laws permit them
to levy the toll. The sugar trust alone,
says Mr Russell, reaped a harvest of
some $25,000,000 by reason of the Ding
ley tariff act. How many thousand
millions are paid out annually to the
gentlemen of privilege that infest our
municipal marts? The sums that the
American people law away and vote
to law away every year in America
would stagger comi rchension. Lin
coln Steft'ens showed us long ago that
big business made the political boss—
the political boss named the candi
dates, and the candidates made the
laws. And these laws were made for
big business. Ultimately the remedy
is In doing away with • privilege, for
privilege la the only injustice from
linen, but In likt the Industry was
revolutionised, by Invention, and since
then has been in the lead.
Silk thread has a largo consump
tion. No«- York ih the greatest port,
with the sole exception of Shanghai,
for raw silk In the world. I'aterson,
N. J., is the principal -siu< manufactur
ing center In the United KtnteH, and
makes about one-half of all the prod
ucts u.-ed In tins country. Silk culture
is carried on extensively in china and
Japan, and from thero wo get the
most of our raw material. Of the
COCOOns used, only the perfect speci
mens an- converted into the. rftW ma
terial, the others helriff put asldo to be
later converted Into doss silk.
Thread, berth cotton and linen, Ib used
extensively for lace making, the former
also having a. large demand for use as
lish lines, fish Dels and for. sewing
shoes. Lace making forms an im
portant Industry In many or the towns
of Europe, and its manufacture in
taught as part of the school our-*
rlculum. Nottingham makes wonderful
lac c curtains, a single pair having cost
aa hifih as 16000. Hand-made laco is
always highly valued, hut the demand
for this article has Increased to such
;,u extent thai a large percentage is
now turned out by machinery. The
best Honlton lace, In the time of rresi
dont Jefferson, was so expensive that
a lady's veil of lines! quality some
times'brought as much as $6000. To
day similar maehlne-niado goods are
SO cheap that one can be had for $2.
* • «
A tiow thread for weaving purposes
is being made In Oregon and Cali
fornla, This is made from "bull" or
y, iiow pine needlea, and in used for
making blankets, arCtlO boots and
mattrexnes. This tree Is not a "timber 1
product In the western sense, and tlm
United Slates forest service has en
couraged the industry, believing It to
1,,, beneficial t" the trees. The needles
are picked in the spring, and 'Jr> cents
la paid for one hundred pounds. The
process Of preparing the needles Ih
somewhat similar to the manner In
M hi, h llax is done.
Another thread for weaving which
has recently received serious considera
tion ts Ramie. This is a nettle grass
which grows principally in China,
where ii is extensively used for
Clothing. It also grows in Porto RICO
and the Philippine Islands. This is
not only good for thread, fishing lines
and mis. but for doth. It does not
rot. It will grow where cotton will,
nnd in places wham even that plant
does nc)t thrive. It Is equally as cheap
to produce. The most expensive part
of the process of converting it into
thread was degummlng the fiber, but
a method has now been discovered by
which it takes but ten minutes.
• » —
The making of thread is considered
to be both easy and pleasant work.
Somo of the manufacturers are trying
to make the life of their employee as
happy as possible. Th< work is such
thai young girls and boys can readily
I do it. and of the whole force a con
! siderable percentage are young people.
In Scotland a school has been erected
where the girls can receive a training
which will enable them to gel ahead
In their work. The same has boon done
for the boys. A home has also been
built for girls living at too great a dis
tance from the factory. Hero they can
board at the lowest possible rate under
tho care of a suitable matron. Tennis
courts, cricket and football grounds
are set up for the benefit of the young
people, and during the year several
: excursions are given. .:/ .
As a close companion to thread
comes the needle This is another
small article which docs considerable
to increase the list of manufactures In
this country. Connecticut produces the
greatest number of these, making
"bout two hundred million each year.
To make a needle requires twenty-two
processes. Sewing machine needles
are made In this country, but the
ordinary sewing and darning needles
are almost entirely.made abroad, this
country receiving about three hundred
thousand dollars' worth each year.
The needle was in use In prehistoric
times In all places where man clothed
himself In the skins of animals or
wo™en ...a. dials. The original variety
was made of bone and ivory, and are
still In use at the present time among
uncivilized people.
which we suffer. But to do away with
privilege we must boat big business
at the start We must name the can
didates. The direct primaries are for
that. Then we must obtain control or
our legislation. .
The initiative and referendum ana
recall will do that. Then we must re
peal the laws that feed fat the few
and starve the many. We must make
our own public servants serve the
public. _ -A- BAILEY.
PASADENA, March B.—[Editor Her
ald]: In an editorial squib in this
morning's Herald you speak of Mr.
Carnegie's "good sense" In declaring
against the "endowed newspaper" and
ins assertion that "an endowed news
paper would not be a free agent. I
am sure that the great reading, think
ing public will appreciate the won
derful perspicacity of the good Mr.
Carnegie, and, thanking him for the
timely hint, at once proceed to carry
the Idea one or two steps farther
and Hsk themselves, "What about the
endowed colleges and the bolstered pul
pits, by and through which the multi
millionaire class are planning to throt
tle the freedom of our educational
system and our religious guidance?"
And now, as the crowning Insult to
an outraged nation of free men and
women, and enslaved and exploited
helpless little children, we are about
to have a charity trust thrust upon us
by the self-righteous scions of plutoc
racy, chartered and perhaps subsi
dized by the government at Washing
ton. And verily, "The left hand shall
not know what the right hand doeth!"
LOS ANGELES, Feb. 28.—[Editor
Herald]: E. L. Hutchison seems to
include all women in the married class
when he dwells upon their idleness and
irivolity, for while all married women
are not idle and frivolous it is possible
for them to noglect their duties and
squander all the earnings of their hus
bands. To the woman wage-earner
this is well nigh impossible. The av
erage stenographer turning out scores
of letters and documents from morning
till night has no time to be Idle (and
1 know of no work that is more nerve
destroying and chest-contracting), and
it is not likely that she will spend
money foolishly that has been earned
in such an arduous way. There are
millions of women who earn every
cent of money they have to spend,
Why does not Mr. H. look to these
und forget for awhile about the silly,
gadding women who are supported by
some man, either father, husband or
brother? A LAWYER.

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