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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, March 27, 1910, Image 33

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1910-03-27/ed-1/seq-33/

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AUTOMOBILES
PART 111
SHETTLER AFTER
BAY CITY PRIZE
EXPECTS HANSHUE TO WIN
HILL CLIMBtfODAY
SAYS JACKRABBIT WILL SHOW
BPEED AT MOTORDROME
Predict* Stock Car Will Reel Off Miles
on Circular Track In Forty
Seconds —Ten Per Cent
Grade
Harris Ilanshue anil the Apncrson
Jackrabblt, accompanied by Ferglo
Fergußon, mechanician, loft on Thurs
day's boat for San Francisco, whore
the car lias been entered in the hill
climb to be pulled oft today. Leon T.
Shettlrr e,as entered the car In both
the et'-ck car and free-for-all events.
Hanshue will have to beat such cars
aa the Stoarns, Stanley Steamer,
Thomas Six, Palmer-Singer Fix, Cor
bln, Bulck, Pennsylvania and half a
dozen others of minor Importance, .but
In view of the speed shown by the
Jackrabblt on the Motordrome last
Wednesday, when it was making miles
In less than forty-five seconds, It Is
reasonable to supposo that "Smiling
Han" will bring home the bacon. If
he does It will be a hard pill for the
Kan Francisco automobile fraternity
to take, as they do not enthuse very
much over IjOB Angeles cars.
Ferguson 1m an Apperson factory me
chanic and has sorved In this capacity
In both the Vanderbllt and Savannah
meets. He will be Hanshue's me
chanician In all important race events
on the Pacific coast this season. He
has just recovered from his injury re
c-clvt'il by* the overturning of the Jark
rabblt on the Ascot park track lad
December and is eager for some more
of the same kind of experience.
Grade Averages 10 Per Cent
The hill climb course In San Fran
cisco la a mile straightaway, averaging
about 10 per cent grade. Tho winner
will have to average bettor than sixty
miles an hour. Hanshuo said Just be
fore he started that ho would put a
mark on that hill for people to shoot
at for the next ten years.
BtietUer expresses his vllllngness to
take a few small wagers to the effect
that'his Apperson Jackrabblt will make
mill's (in tho Motordrome during the
opening meet In forty seconds or less.
He Is also willing to wager that his
car will be the fastest car In Its class
at the opening meet. To set at rest
any speculation as to tho Mzo of this
motor or any other part of It, he says
that this Ih absolutely a stuck car and
lie is willing to sell this car or take
orders for exact duplicates of It. The
engine ha.s . a &%-lnch bore by Mi
stroke, or ■ total of 597.32 cubic Inches.
In last Wednesday's trial the milo
made by the Jackrabblt In 44 8-6 sec
onds equal! .SO.TI miles an hour. If this
car nmltes miles, a.s ho says it will. In
40 seconds or less. It will have to run
ninety miles an hour or bettor. Con
hlilerlng that this Is a circular track
where every inch of the performance
may be soon It ought to be r very spec
tacular piece of work and will call forth
the best driving ability that Hanshue
has.
Seeking Good Driver
In his capacity of Pacific coast man
ager -if the Apperson racing team,
Shetthr s;iys that he Is casting around
for a good driver for a teammata for
Hanshue for the season of 1910.
He is bringing out what he says is
undoubtedly the biggest shipment of
high grade motor cars ever .shipped to
a Pacific coast distributor. It will
i ;>m 'ist of seventeen Baby Jack Apper-
SOns and one Big Jack, the latter car
having been purchased by J. A. Fair
child of the firm of Fairchild, Gilmore
& Wilton. This is Falrchild'n second
Apperson. E. W. Gilmore of the same
concern is also the owner of an Ap
n Little Jack.
James A. Talbot, general manager of
the Western Pipe and Steel company,
has sent hi» Apperson Jackrabblt toy
tonneuu up to San Francisco, where ho
, —— IT IS THE UNIQUE , \
Goodyear
i r
Tire construction which makes 10,000 to 15,000
miles per tire possible.
The result Is a perfect tire—the Goodyear Detachable —
which has a longer life, Is less liable to puncture and gives
less trouble than any other automobile tire you can buy,
no matter what you pay for it.
DON'T LET ; ' ANYBODY MAKE YOU BE- '
i 11EYE . THERE ,IS ANY > OTHER ■. TIRE
THAT IS "JUST AS GOOD." THERE
ISNT.
IfDNEWEKF
MA RUBBER CO. home
6463 949-51 SO.MAIN ST. F6901
Still riiiiH'lsto ollici", 515-01. Golden Gate aye.
LOS ANGELES SUNDAY HERALD
FIGURES SHOW
RAPID GROWTH
AUTO INDUSTRY COMPARISONS
ARE INTERESTING
GREAT GAIN MADE IN PERIOD OF
TWELVE YEARS
Number of Cars Manufactured Leaps
from 239 to 200,000, Represent. -7:
Ing a Great Amount of '\
<- , Money
"When one looks backward twelve
years ago, when the motor car busi
ness was In its infancy, and compares
It to the gigantic industry of today
one is fairly staggered with the com
parison," says President Benjamin
Crlscoe of the -.United States' Motor
company, the $16,000,000 corporation
wjilch so far includes the Maxwell and
Columbia companies.
"In 1898 there were but 239 , cars
made in this country. This year it is
conservatively estimated that 200,000
cars will bo made at an average cost
of $1200, making a total retail business
of $240,000,000. I There are now approx
imately 250,000 motor cars In dally use
In America, About 80 per cent of the
1910 output will be made in the middle
west and the combined capitalization
of manufacturers is around $200,000,000,
while tho actual value of plants runs
up to extraordinary figures, -which
fairly takes one's breath away when
ho considers the remarkable - strides
made by this wonderful - industry.
Added to the above capital of motor
car makers is another capitalization of
over $310,000,000 of the parts and ma
terial makers.
"In a general way it can be stated
that there are 126,000 employee In the
automobile plants against 1200 in 1898,
while the parts makers give employ
ment to 40,000 more. Not even the
giant Standard Oil and steel trusts can
quota figures which will compare with
those of the automobile industry; that
is, in so snort a period of time.
"Jt Is America's most wonderful
business In many respects and in all
the annals of industrial achievements
no figures are so impressive, no growth
Is bo stunning and no product is so
popular as that of the motor-car in
dustry. The question is often asked
if there will ever be a finale—my an
swer Is, surely there Is none In sight."
».»♦ •
BUYS TRANSMISSION PATENTS
An announcement which is both In
tereatlng and significant comes from
Clyde, 0., where B. A. Becker, general
Lger of the Elmore Manufactur
ing company, builders of tho Elmoro
valveless two-cycle cars, has made
public his purchase of the gearless
friction transmission pntents. Mr.
Becker, speaking of hip acquisition of
the patents and their use by him, paid
that in the near future he would prob
ably want to manufacture a line of
commercial motor wagons and trucks.
When he embarked In this field, ho
?aid, he Intended to make a truck bet
ter than any that had yet been pro
duced, and to do this it was necessary
to have control of the gearless trans
mission. -—==
expects to do considerable touring in
and around the bay during the next
few weeks. Talbot is another one of
the rapidly growing colony of Apper
son enthusiasts. He is a good sports
man and always has a bet down on
II uishue to win. Mr. and Mrs. J. A.
Talbot and Mr. and Mrs. Leon T.
Bhettler are planning a tour in June
covering the entire state in an Appep
son Jackrabblt.
Horace B. Day, president of the
Home Telephone company of San
Diego has a peculiar antipathy to rid
inc in a train and has purchased an
Apperson Jackrabblt toy tonneau to
use especially for his trips back and
forth between San Diego Los An
geoCS's. Beardsley of Covina and M. O.
Tremain and H. H. DeGarrno of this
city purchased Apperson cars last
week.
SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, 1910.
190-H.P. Fiat "Mephistopheles" to Be
Driven by Ralph De Palma at Motordrome
11' iiiViiiPTiii^iiiiMiipiiii urn i' iMf\A
GOOD ROADS
CLUB'S SLOGAN
BETTER THOROUGHFARES DE-
MANDED BY AUTOISTS
Authorities Will Exempt Visitors from
Charges if Owner of Car Can
Show He Is Only Tem
porary Resident
The slogan of the Automobile Club
of Southern California is"Good roads."
In a state such as California, the sec
ond largest In the Union, replete with
magnificent distances, home of the
Sierras and Mecca for tl»e tourist, the
question of good roads Is a vital one.
One of the popular automobile trips
is between Lou Angeles and San Diego.
The usualMravel is by way of tho "in
land route," via either Corona or Riv
erside, to Klsinore and Escondido, and
returning by way of Oceanside and
Caplitrano, or the "coast route." Up
to a lew days ago this latter route had
been st> hazardous that all who asked
for information at the club wove
warned of the danger in attempting
the trip. Between Capistrano and
Ocoansldo arc three streams which can (
be easily forded In the summer, but in
winter they are full of quicksand and
are treacherous, the bete nolr of the
autoists. These streams are the San
Mateo, San Onotre and Santa Mar
garita. The Automobile Club of South
ern California, at its own expense, has
made safe these crossings by placing
steel bridges over the San Mateo and
Santa Margarita and made a splendid
ford of willows and rubble rock at the
San Onofre. These bridges are sub
stantially placed upon concrete foun
dations, flanked by wooden approaches,
as may be seen by the following view
of the bridge tut the Santa Margarita:
Taxing Tourists' Machines i
Quite a number of tourists have com
plained to club headquarters that while
they have been enjoying the beautiful
winter climate of Southern California
and have spent freely of their money
they have been surprised to receive a
notice of a tax on their machines, as
an evidence of the appreciation Los
Angeles shows her visitors. This mat
ter of taxing tourists' machines was
taken up at some length last fall in
the press, but perhaps a little explana
tion here will be of assistance and leave
a better impression of our hospitality.
Any machine which is In Los Angeles
March 1 must be assessed according to
law. However, if the owner can prove
that he- Is a bona fide tourist he will
be exempt from payment. Burden of
proof must rest with the county and
city assessors, who ask for a personal
visit and who are both very courteous
to the "stranger within our gates."
County Roads Being Repaired
The following letter has been re
ceived from A. E. Loder, chief engineer
of the highway commission, and pub
lished for the aid of all automobilists
in this section: i
- . March 25, 1910.
Automobile Club of Southern Califor
nia, City:
Gentlemen— reply to your favor
of March • 12, .' suggesting the advisa
bility of our furnishing you from time
to time with a list of roads under con
struction and in ' poor condition for
through automobile traveling, 1 I would
say that I consider your Idea an excel
lent one, since. it • would not only ac
commodate the automobile people, but
would facilitate our construction work
by decreasing the travel alongside.
While paving or grading Is In progress,
any considerable traffic along the work
Is a great hindrance to the contractors
engaged in the construction, and travel
over, partially completed work may do
damage which ; may show in the final
pavement. ■ \ ■, v*
At present I would advise as follows:
.". Vermont avenue, f, under construction
and practically; closed to travel from
Temple street to the mountain.
Wilshire boulevard, .being graded
and paved, and In rough condition. be
tween Preuss road and Soldiers' Home.
Washington' street, from f city limits
to hill near Rimpau street-.under con
struction practically impassable.' 1.. Go
to Venice by Adams street. <■ It Is ex
pected ; that work;■ will ?be ? advertised
Monday, March 28, for the construction
of the remainder, of Washington street
to Venice, and the street wil be in bad
condition : for passing within four ;or
five weeks. > ■
South Main street, from Athens
Heights to Gardena, will be under con
struction within a few days, and trav
eling may be • difficult.'; Take ' Central
avenue or South Park avenue instead.
t vSlauson,'Compton: and .Florence ave
nues, f. under construction - and . practi
cally, impassable. ; Take Central avenue
Instead. :, ' ' ■ "".
~5 Old San Bernardino r»ad, via Puente,
construction .within about > three ; weeks
between Bassett and Pomona. Take
Foothill boulevard by way of Olendora.
Whittier road, from Los Angeles to
East Whlttler, wil be under construc
tion within about one month.
East First street and extensions, by
way of Gage, Hammel, College and
Chicago streets to Monterey road, will
be under construction within about one
month.
Huntinston drive. Los Angeles to
South Pasadena, Is expected to be ad
vertised within one week. Will be
practically closed to travel during part
of the summer season.
Cahuenga Pass road, from Holly
wood through Gabaenga pass. Is now
under construction and passing is dan
gerous. Look out for blasting.
Los Feliz road, from Vermont avenue
to Tropico, mnder construction and
passing Is difficult.
Foothill boulevard, a short stretch
closed to travel In vicinity of Lords
burg during construction of culverts.
Two blocks of Foothill boulevard will
be closed within about one month for
the construction of/ concrete bridge
and grade in : Glendora at packing
house. ■ ,
Eagle Rock road, between Glendale
and Annandale Golf club, will be under
construction within about one month.
San Fernando road, bridges under way
across Tejunga wash; passing difficult
as usual. Temporary road may soon
be built. Tunnel and regrade under
construction at Newhall pass. Look
out for blasting on south side. Old
road not being torn up by work. It Is
expected that the San Fernando road,
from Los Angeles to the Southern Pa
cific crossing north of Burbank, will
be advertised shortly and practically
closed most of the summer season.
Long Beach boulevard, being graded
and passing difficult on American ave
nue for about two miles northerly from
Willows junction.
There are quite a number of other
roads under construction, but not in
such condition at this writing to re
quire any warning except In the case
of a few bridges..
Several more roads wll be In bad
condition during this season, which will
be announced later. i Yours very
truly, A. E. LODER,
Chief Engineer.
« »♦
CADILLAC TOUR TO
SAN DIEGO ARRANGED
Stops Will Be Made at Towns Along
the Way and Entertainment
It Part of Plan
The Cadillac tour to San Diego and
return is attracting much attention
among the owners. The time selected,
May 13, 14, 15 and IG, pleases everybody
and there is every indication of a big
turnout. Manager M. H. Green of the
Don Lee company has received a large
batch of letters from trie owners in
sisting that a place be saved for them
in the big tour.
Of the four days set aside for the
trip there will be used in moving from
town to town and the other in resting.
The first day's run will probably be
to San Bernardino, Kedlands and
Rtveritde, with the night stop either at
Riverside or Elsinore. On the next
(lavs the cars will bo driven through
Ksoondido to either Lakeside or San
I, and on the last day the trip
homo up the toast will be made.
Don Lee wants suggestions from the
owners regarding the entertainment at
the different stops. There will prob
ably be a dance at the Glenwood, but
the majority of the people on a trip of
this kind prefer other amusement. Lee
wants to work up something unique
for the pleasure of the guests and de
sires suggestions.
This will be a pleasure tour from
start to finish, and the object will be
to make everybody have a good time.
The fast Stodda.-d-Dayton which was
raced In the Santa Monica road race
will be seen on the motordrome with
Al Livingston at the wheel.
This car is reported to have made a
circuit of the bofcrd tra,ck in 41 sec
onds before it was taken down for its
final tuning up.
This is the machine which was sent
out for the Santa Monica race and
which was driven by Frank Siefert,
In the tryouts it made the fastest laps
and was looked upon as one of the big
factors. It did make remarkable time
but the chances were spoiled in the
first lap by being run off the course
and the oil connections broken.
The car finished well up in front and
In the tryouts showed as high as 88
miles an hour. This will mean under
40 on the Motordrome.
TWITCHELL MAKERS VIGOROUS
Twitchell air gauges havo been the cailsu of
notices being sent to every automobile supply
concern In the United State during the past
week by the W. D. Newerf Rubber company,
giving due notice that the most vigorous pros
ecution will be instituted for Infringements on
the Twitchell patents. An Initial suit for
heavy damages bas been commenced in the
I'rtst against one firm which thought to break
Into the air gauge mukitig, but an injunction
and claims for heavy royalty put a damper on
the lufiingers.
FIAT MAKES RECORD
ON PIE PAN COURSE
NEGOTIATES MILE IN 40 2-5 AT
MOTORDROME
Predictions of Speed oni New Track
Underestimated by Many Sec.
onds —Many Drivers
Try Boards
Ninety miles an hour on the Motor
drome—that's what Caleb Bragg in his
90-horsepower Fiat did yesterday after
noon. Four timers, among whom were
F. E. Muskovlos, vice president of the
Motordrome, and Roy Hiltman, the Cal
ifornia representative of the A. A. A.,
caught the mile in 40 2-5. Five hun
dred persons seated in -the grand
stand saw the wonderful performance,
yet few realized that they were wit
nessing absolutely the fastest mile
ever made by a motor car over a mile
track by over a quarter of a minute.
The wise ones who have been wager
ing on :40 in the racing events are now
up in the air, for it is a moral cer
tainty that 35 seconds will be beaten,
and a. safe but would be a fraction
under 30.
While the general public have not
used the chance to see the big motor
drome, these tr/out miles by world re
nowned drivers and cars are of such
a phenomenal nature as to astuond the
entire motor world. In fact, the re
ports that have gone back east as to
these performances are barely credited.
Nothing like It has ever been dreamed
of, and even Jack Prince in his wildest
(lights of imagination dared not hope
for such wonderful indorsement of his
Judgment, when the pie pan track was
first evolved In his fertile mind.
Every hour of the day witnesses a
number of the speedy cars tuning up
for the coming races, and practice
miles are being reeled off under 45 sec
onds, that would have been hailed as
great race records a short three months
ago. One of the pretty siehts Saturday
at the tr.ack was the joint practice
spin of Lescault in the Palmer-Sin
ger, De Palma in the 60 Fiat, Bragg
in the 90 Flat, Livingstone on the
Stoddard-Dayton, Harroun In the
Marmon, Endicott in the Cole "30" and
.Bert Dlngley in the Charlmers. For
mile after mile they kept close com
pany, and each one of them is willing
to swear by the Motordrome as open
ing a new era to motor car racing.
The finishing touches are beine put
on the grandstand and bleachers. All
soft places are being filled In in the
centerfield, and both subways are com
pl -ted.
DE PALMA DECLARES HE
WILL DEFEAT OLDFIELD
Barney OWlfleld's rharges that De
Palma and the Flat management side
stepped in the "contest that was re
cently called off at Daytona, as re
ported yesterday in The Herald, is the
one big subject of conversation in local
motordom.
De Palma denies emphatically that
the break in his machine could have
been remedied in a few hours, or that
Christie offered to do the Job for noth
ing, and will tile protests with the A.
A. A. that such charges should have
been made in behalf of himself and
company.
De Palma states that he will prove
the statement untrue that he was
afratd to race the Great Benz car by
beating it in one, two, three order when
the big race is pulled off at the Motor
drome. It is stated that so serious was
the mishap to the Fiat "Mephistoph
eles" that the New York representative
of the car cabled to Europe for dupli
cates of the broken part, and are using
every effort to get the big car to Los
Angeles in time. That it will be here
Is absolutely assured.
QUESTION OF DELIVERY WORRY
Aside from the matter of design, it
is probable that no single question has
caused the motor car manufacturers
more worry than that of timeliness of
delivery. This year the Pierce-Arrow
Motor Car company of Buffalo believes
it has brought about the ideal condi
tion. It will begin the delivery of its
six-cylinder 66-horsepower cars in July,
in ample time for the last of the tour
ing season. In fact, the deliveries will
be made in time for the cars to be sent
to Europe for summer and fall touring
there for that purpose. A number of
orders for these 1911 cars have been re
ceived already at the Pierce-Arrow
plant and are being filed in the order of
their receipt.
Mr. Wetherly of Chicago, who has
been touring Southern California this
winter in his six-cylindor Premier, left
Friday morning for San Francisco,
where he expects to spend a few weeks
before returning east.
BUICK LEADS ALL
IN TOTAL OUTPUT
PRODUCT FOURTH THAT OF
ALL OTHER CONCERNS
COMPANY MAKES TWICE AS
MANY CARS AS NEAREST RIVAL
Also Ranks First In Royalties Paid
Under Selden Patent —Total
for Quarter Is
$43,399.60
Thai the Bulck company is the great
est automobile pordudng organisation
in the world operating under the Belden
patent is conclusively shown by fig
ures in the official report of the Associ
ation o!' Licensed Automobile Manufac
turers for the quarter ending December
SI, 1909. With an output of more than
doubl > thai of its nearest competitor,
and more than one-quarter of the total
product of all other companies, the
Buick has outstripped all competition
in the line of auto production.
Pretentious statements and claims
have been made relative to the volume
of business done by some of the auto
mobile concerns throughout the. United
Staes, but "as figures do not lie," tho
report of the Licensed Automobile
Manufacturers may be taken as a pos
itive and authentic stateitfent of the
machines which are actually being
turned out of the various factories
which are operating under the Selden
patent.
The Buick manufactured 4437 cars
during October, November and De
cember of 1909, which is just 2281 cars
more than were turned out during
that period by its closest competitor
on the list, the Cadillac, which turned
out 2156 cars. The Bulck manufac
tured 579 more cars than the Cadillac
and the Chalmers combined. Its out
put of 4437 cars was more than one
quarter of the total number turned
out by all the other companies oper
ating under the Seldon patent, while
its share of the autos manufactured
by all companies was greater than
one-fifth.
According to the report there were
20,043 cars manufactured during the
last three months of 1909, staggering
figures whin it is remembered that
this output covers only one-quarter of
the year. And these figures do not
include the product of twenty-eight
other concerns, members of the asso
ciation. Which build less than 100 ears
each during the quarter. With these
figures added it is estimated that the
total product of the state for that
period would be in the neighborhood of
23,000.
Tho Cadillac, Chalmers, Maxwell-
Briecoe, E-M-F, Overland and Pack
ard, the six concerns manufacturing
more than 1000 cars each during the
three months, had a combined product
of 9206 cars, a number which is but
little more than double that of the
product of the Buick alone. The com
bined output of the Reo, Hudson, Re
gal, Franklin, Peerless, Pierce-Arrow,
Mitchell and Stoddard-Dayton cars
was 4579, which figures are but a trifle
more than 100 cars above tho Buick's
product. The Buick manufactured 007
more cars in three months than the
combined facorios of the OMsmobile,
Rapid, Locomobile, Pope-Hartford,
Winton, Waltham, Elmore, Thomas,
Steams, Cartercar, Oakland, Autocar,
Premier, York, Stevens-Duryea, Brush
Runabout, Nordyka and Marmon, Stu
debaker, Jackson and Moline.
In the payment of royalties under the
Selden patent the Bulck led all other
companies by a wide margin the report
showing that $43,399.fi0 was paid out by
the company in this direction alone.
The Packard, seventh on the Uli of
producing manufacturers, occupies
second place on the royalties list, with
$;i. ri.6-'3.XO. The royalties paid by the
Buick were greater by $2,107.02 than
Hm combined royalties of the Hudson,
Waltham, Elmore, Mitchell, Stude
baker, Stevens-Duryea, Premier, Nor
dyke and Marmon. Autocar, York, Oak
land, Jackson, Cartercar, Moline and
Brush runabout. The Buick royalties
were almost as large as the combined
royalties of the Regal, Thomas, Win
ton, Rapid, Stoddard-Dayton, Pope-
Hartford and Steams.
Sixth Street
Garage
421-223 East Sixth street (just east of Los Angeles street).
New Management
EXPERT AUTO REPAIRING AND MACHINE WORK
ALL WORK GUARANTEED.
Garage Open Day and Night
Arrange with us to have your car stored and properly oared for by the
day or month.
Reasonable Rates
COMPETENT MEN IN CHARGE AT ALL HOURS.
White Bros.
Phone Fioai. Proprietors.
SANmftR[UV^ AND MINERAL BATHS_
RrtUiUM SULPHUR SPRINGS colsqrov'a I.oa ANaaua ;,'■
' •.'.■•..■ .- TAKE »Alll> »> LIQUU SUNSIUMS '
IT SPARKLES AND FOAMS LIKE CHAMPAGNE. Drink the moat radlo-actHs,
curative mineral water. It purifies blood, keeps you young, , revivifies, j rejuve- /<
nates your whole body. HOT BATHS euro Rheumatism. Colds, Asthma. Poor, Circula
tion. Paralysis, Diabetes. Stomach. Liver, Kidney. Bladder. Blood, Bright*, Nervous
and Female Troubles. Makes ikln velvety, hair silken. Physician In charge, , Kend C«4 <
I ■ Booklet Water delivered. Tak» Uelroj* avenu* cars direct to. «Drln«a. _ _:Z-*\
PAGES 1 TO 12
ALL AUTO PARTS
ARE STANDARD
ADVANTAGE TO OWNER IS AP
PARENT
EFFICIENCY OF VEHICLE 13
GREATLY INCREASED
Western Engineer Says No Single
Feature of Construction Is So Im.
portant as Exactness of
Every Part
There is perhaps no single feature in
motor car construction whose value is
so little understood and given so little
consideration both by manufacturers
and buyers in proportion to its impor
tance, as Is the thorough standardiza
tion ipf every individual piece entering
into ill" car, according to the engineer
of a western company, it is easy,
however, to understand the reasons for
this. From the manufacturer's stand
point there ar* two very obvious rea
sons why true standardization is rare.
First, it requires an export knowledge
of What kinds of machinery, tools, fix
ture*, etc., are necessary to accom
plish this and how to correctly use
them when Installed. Second, it is a
matter of cost, the initial outlay being
something for which an organization
of men and equipment cannot be per
l In a day or a month or even a
year, It requires knowledge and ex
perlence, together with long and ardu
ous labor in designing and manufac
turing* the necessary appliances.
Standardization means making every
piece an exact duplicate of every other
piece of its kind. It does not mean
.simply making them approximately
alike so that no difference can be de
tected by the eye, but it means making
them so that there is not a variation
of the one-thousandth or even the half
of one thousandth of an inch where
accuracy to these degrees is essential.
A hair from a person's head averages
from two to three one-thousandths of
an Inch in thickness. When it Is re
membered that in the properly stand
ardized car there is a large number of
parts whose dimensions are not per
mitted to vary to exceed from one
fourth to one-half the thickness of ■
hair, it is possible then to form so
conception of the extrerrie accun
which obtains.
While the installation of the rii
kind of special machinery, tools, j
and fixtures, together with the p
and snap gauges neci ssary to prodi
standardized parts, requires a la
initial outlay, the expense is m>,io
than ofi'net by the saving In manufac
turing cost, provided the maker Is pro
ducing a sufficiently law quantity of
ears. In fact, the manufacturing cost
is sufficiently diminished to permit of
the car's being sold for an appreciably
smaller figure than that at which it
would be possible to sell an apparent
ly similar car made under less scien
tific methods. At the same time In
the correctly standardized car the pur
chaser is receiving a vastly better car
in every respect.
To the automobile owner the advan
of correct standardization an
numerous. In the first place, it means
the thorough interchangeahillty of
parts. It means that when for any
reason it becomes necessary to replace
any part the new one will fit exactly
in its place without altering in the
slightest degree. Standardization,
correctly applied, mcins that all parts
will be in perfect alignment; there
will be no undue twisting and binding
strains. It means that the parts will
work in perfect harmony and conse
quently that friction will be reduced
to the lowest minimum. These in turn
mean the maximum of the motor's
power being delivered to the ground.
They mean less wear on the parts,'
and in a correctly designed car they
mean long life, the elimination of
many so-called automobile troubles,
together with greatest economy In op
eration and maintenance.
Charles S. Howard, president of the
Howard Automobile company, who has
been in this city during- the past week,
returned to his hOßte in San Wancisco
Friday last. Business will probably
bring- him back to this city again next
week.

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