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Los Angeles Herald ?"'"'" ISSUED EVER* MORNING BY ' THE HERALD CO. - i THOMAS B. GIBBON ............. President FRANK E. W0LFE.......M«n»«1n« Editor THOMAS 3. GOLDING... Business M«na«er DAVID O. BAILLIB. Associate Editor Enured as second elas* matter at the fMtofflce In Los Angeles. OLDEST MORNING PAFEB IN LOB ANGELES Bonded Oct. *. 1873. . Thirty-sixth Xe»r. Chamber of Commerce Building. Phones—Sunset Main 8000; Home 10211. The only Democrats newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated Press report*. , NEWS SERVICEMember of the Asso ' elated Press, receiving Its full report, aver- Ing 25,000 words a day. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mail or carrier, a month. ...I .50 Dally, by mall or carrier, three month*.l.6o Dally, by mall or carrier, six m0nth5..3.75 Dally, by mail or carrier, one year 5.00 ■unday Herald, one year *50 Postage free In United States and Mexloo; •ltewhere postage added. > "THE HERALD IN SAN francisco and OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to Ban Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy & Co.. 30, • 1 and 32 Fleet street, London, England. free of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions and advertise meats on our behalf. "On all matters pertaining to advertising tdaress Charles R. Gates, advertising man *ger, . Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR- CRISP AND CLEAN AT THE THEATERS Atmrronmi — Allan, dancer. BEI/ASCO — "The Garden of Lie*." BWU»A>'K —"Th« Lion and the Mouse." EMPlßE—Vaudeville. GRAND— Cingalee." MEI>K>' — "Proa Frou." OLYMPIC —Musical farce. ORPHKUM—Vaudeville. PlUNClsßS—Musical farce. PRAYER FOR REFORM BISHOP WHITEHEAD appointed an Episcopalian day of pray r for the, Rrafters of Pennsylvania, and instructed the clergy tv prMCh ser mons on civic righteousness, corporate repentance and confession, Intemper ance, political chicanery, graft and fraud. Special petitions were offered, from which we quote: "O Lord, the great and drendfuJ God, who keepest covenant and mercy With them that love Thee, nnd to them that keep Thy commandments, we come to Thee confessing our own sins and shortcomings and those of the people amongst whom we dwell We have indeed ginned and done wickedly. . . . Save this whole community from political corruption, greed. Intem perance, lawlessness, the violation of the Lord's Day, tho violation of the sanctity of marriage and every false way." All these errors are the result of great wealth unevenly distributed. The conditions which are now causing ex citement because they have been I)IS COVERED (they have been In immoral existence, without being discovered, for many years of prosperity-shouting j are unhappily not < onlined to Plttsburg, and the Kpiscopal prayer summarises Ills that menace the republic. Repentance no doubt Is better than brazen indifference; but It will take a great deal more than repentance to make amends for the debauchery of the great republic and the violation of the first, principles of Americanism by the Infernal trusts and their allies, par asites and hired di tenders. If the story of Plttsburg should cause a revival of Americanslm, and a de termination to adopt tho Golden Rule, the squaii- deal and the Declaration of Independence as the national standards oi' conduct, it will be. of practical Dene fit to the community, and the snivel ing repent mta and blubbering hypo , "caught with the goods," will have the sorry consolation of knowing they have not sinned in vain COLLEGE MEN COLLEGE men in Los Angeles have formed an association, and will try t' make the college influence felt in the life of the metropolis. In the i I nf college men there is no assumption of superiority. There is ii"t a II ge mni who is not aware the most successful men of today * attribute their success to the fact thej ' no lucation. At the same time, there i.- not a Citizen who Is not willing to admit a college training, other things being equal, should p.i*.- i'ie average man a method of reasoning oui the prob lems of life which should enable him to take a more than usually Intelligent interest in public affairs. Collegea that teach mi n to think for tfeemselves are Invaluable to a nation. •\Yh;,t' \ i me i lure of success mi ny irn'ii of the Scottish race have achieved in various countries and in many oc ouiiations is attributable to thi [act the old-fashioned Scottish colleges with their schools of log-lc turned out In dependent thinkers. But collets that only teach mm what other men have thought are schools of appreciation and imitation; not of Initiative and of action. There are colleges and col leges. Some are like museums of mentality. Others are like mental gymnasiums. That's the difference. VOTE THE BONDS RARELY have the citizens of Greater Los Angeles and never have those of any other city had such an opportunity of improving their con dition and augmenting their prosperity presented to them as exists in the com- j ing bond election. When, one week from today, the bonds are voted, LO« Angeles will be in fair way of being j able to takp advantage of the mag- j nllleent opportunities which friends and ; onlookers, as well M residents, have seen could be hers for the tnkiiiK. But | they must be taken. There must be j action. One part of .the great bond program ] Is concerned with the issuance and a I sale of $3,000,000 harbor bonds. The | harbor of Greater Los Angeles, with I the Improvements provided tor by the | bonds, "ill be the finest on the wi St COaat, and its commodious nature, its safety, its centrnlity, its accessibility to all routes of travel and tratwporta- | tlon, by »ea and by shore, may be ;id vertised to the world. Maritime Interests abroad are watch ing closely thp development of the har- bor. As soon as word of the luccetl of the harbor bonds reaches some of the most Important aeaporti of the world arrangements will be begun look- Ihk to the use of tlic harbor In connec- j tlon with the great trade route In ; which the Panama canal will be an Important factor, that which 1* con cerned with the orient, the Hawaiian islands and thp West Indies. One of the greatest Bone I of trade in the dvlllied world will be that in which the scope of operations embrao I Glasgow, Liverpool, New York, the West Indies, Panama, GREATER LOS ANGELES and the Pacific Islands; and doubtless the route will finally be ex tended until via Bues and Panama great traders are constantly circum navigating the globe. Think, then, of the COLOSSAL nature of the Interests involved in the SUCCESS OF LOS AN GELES' $3,000,000 harbor bonds election, and VOTK THE BONOS. Bat there is another picture equally fascinating to all who enjoy the thrill of BUILDING UP NKW COUNTKIES. And any man who has not the CON STRUCTIVE forcei strongly developed in him has no business in (Greater Los Anseles. By Issuance and sale of 18,500,000 aqueduct power bonds, the industrial and manufacturing Interests of Greater LOI AngelM will be established and production of salable products entered Into on such a larpe scale that with Die aid of the Kreal harbor with its plentiful competitive- steamship service to bring raw materials and distribute goods, Greater ].*>* Angeles win be come the commercial and manufactur ing metropolis of the west. An.i the climate win be every int ai good! Hi' 1 Ml" wUI shine just as bright ly; the breezes will Mow just as zephyT- Ishly; the skies will be Just as blue: heaven's preat ozone factory will be just as busy and work will be plentiful, waßos will be Rood, and prosperity Will be abundant and general. "VILLAOB OB CITTT" . With uninterrupted good govi rnment, Greater Los Angeles will be the mer cantile, manufacturing, maritime, in dustrial, social, educational, financial capital and metropolis of the we tern states and of the American Union. ROOSEVELT, INSURGENT Orrt morning Republican contem porary says: "There la no) i more regular Republican In the coun try than Tti lore Roosevelt. He has never been an Insurgent He has al ways been a sroml lighter, but has never > ■ known to be the odd man on the jury." This statement conveyi a meaning opposed to that di rived from ex perlencei and observations of men who have watched Colonel Roosevelt's . in ■•■!-, especially those who are m mlliar with political condition* in the K'n at eaatern city and atate of which he Is the favorite sen. Colonel Roosevelt's entire political life has Illustrated Insurgency and the doctrine of free will In politics, aa op posed to imssism and program, C.lonel Roosevelt from the tlrst day of his public career advocated elimina tion of machine polities from any con nection with the selection Of public officeholders, a civil service commis sioner to begin with—and during » Democratic administration—he has never ceased to be a civil service re former. If Americanism, independence and a spirit which refuses to truckle to machine domination or to acknowl edge the supremacy of any political pope be Insurgency, Theodore i; velt Is an Insurgent. It Is a curious fact that at the out set of his political career Roosevelt was most viciously attacked by Re publican machine organs in New York for refusing sturdily to be, with re spect to the Republican machine, the obedient soldier the .Los Angeles machine Republican paper says he Is! The Platt Republicans of New York called Koosevelt an Insurgent, and in wild alarm sought to read him out of the ranks, but failed. They sought to 11 on him the name "Mugwump," but failed. They tried to accuse him of being a "kid-glove" reformer, but failed, miserably. "It was to laugh." Mr. Roosevelt, by conquering- the !:■■ publican machine and forcing it to accept him with his insurgency, his reforms, his contempt for party tradi tion, his broad-minded Americanism, saved the Republican party .from dis astrous defeat, and it owes its pros perity today to its reconstruction on the line.- ! Koo.-i.voM insurgency. That rity is being imperiled by the reactionaries. To try to persuade the public Roosevelt is a regular or ma chine Republican and is out of sym pathy with the Insurgents will not prevent machine Republican disaster. Success of harbor and power bonds will give thi- world another line exam ple of the Los Angeles way. LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, APRTL 12. 1010. obatit, w/c/c,] .&;»*!% j /J&\ /i>JUS>TG-OT Rl^\J'Vr «<- A THEM HIVED! }~ t^T^f igT''^^^^^ J Ills!V^^fe ■ IPACTY lfX^% ? , .'^ZtS^pv ' 'a-*-- WILLIAM D. STEPHENS FOR CONGRESS THE HERALD fool? thai it can consistently congratulate Re publican fellow i itizfns upon hav ing an opportunity »i the approaching primary election of voting: for William n. Btephem as their candidate for rongreu from this iii«trM. The fact that the congressional diatrl ;. contain ing a constituency which probably av erages higher In Intelligence than nny other congressional constituency In America, ha* for come years been rep resented in Washington In a manner which, to put It very mildly, docs not ■ the average Intelligence and iibiiity of the voters, has been an oc casion of regret to many cltlisns, Bhould Mr. Btepheni bo nominated tor congress by his party, iincl this district do as it has done for many years, return a Republican, all cltisena of whatever party win at iMut have the satisfaction of knowing that the district is represented in Washington by .1 man who Is in the best sense of the word a n presentative man. Mr. Stephens' announcement of hisr platform, which we publish in another ■ olumn of The Herald, is, from any I mdpolnt, a very satisfactory decla ration of principles, and It marks him as belonging to the progressive wing ..I' hi^ own party. The opposition which lie announces to -'Joe ('annon- ism" undoubtedly will he found satis factory to a large majority of the vot ers of his own party, and In thai r - i as well as many others lie has assumed an attitude entirely different from the position occupied by the present representative of the district | at Washington. while Mr. Btephena belongs t c o a par t; tor which The Herald has no right to speak. It cannot forbear congratU ! latlng him upon the very ■■sine and ! iic" , haracter of bis decimation of i principles. PREVENTION AND CURE SINCE New York reports the poor of that city have not yet reoov . ■ il from the effe bf of the fin- I panic and families that for many months wire underfed and over anxious because work and Income h id failed arc still In arrears for rent and latlng meager meals, It Is surely in order to surest that measures be ta ken which would prevent starvation of citizens of ti.e United States enti tled to life, liberty nrid the pursuit of happiness. It seems to us it is the state's con cern to prevent conditions which re duce the efficiency of the population, increase risks of disease an! percent ages of mortality, and Interfere with the best interests of the American na tion. We never could understand and do not believe it is reasonable to ex pect a reasonable being to understand | why the human factor in the equation j should not be more regarded In the problem of social economics. Poverty Is as injurious as a plague. Its effects are far reaching. No part lety can be Injured without injury to all society, because society is In terrelated and causes and effects con stitute practically an endless chain of sequences and consequences, action and reaction. Even as smallpox for years was neg lected or accepted as a necessary evil, with a result the national visage whs marred, and It was rare to meet men or women without the telltale fa cial marks, so poverty Ib now being neglected or accepted aa a necessary evil and tho national visage Is being marred. And the danger to the class that enjoys a surplus is aa great as tlie danger to the clai-.s that is annoyed by a deficiency. Poverty is sapping some of the vitality of the American nation, and reports from New York In dicate clearly the country positively The Beehive Upset cannot afford to undergo another ex- , perlcnce like a financial panic. What steps are being taken to pre vent other possible financial flurries from Injuring the nation? What steps ; are being taken to insure the poorer people against the disastrous conse quences of deprivation? What steps j are being taken to prevent the nation from being dangerously weakened by the results of exploitation? Wonders will never cease. The Solid Three of the board of supervisors are at loggerheads over a winery license. The vinous Interruption of ■ famous friendship which beat that of Damon and Pythias by one vote, the unex pected interruption of a solidity th.it seemed Immovable, will enable us to hear without the slightest thrill of sur prise that the Egyptian Sphinx has found her long lost legs and hag wad dled away for a stroll among the Pyramids. Good Government is an Issue In every community In California. It will be come the question of the hour in every city and In every state In the Union, and it will win victories all along the Una. The Good Government movement is an Indication of a return to the first \ principles of Americanism, which whs bound to come. It Is the most hopeful sign in the modern history of the republic. The Atlantic fleet will take another big voyage. America seems to lie get ting the circumnavigating habit. Many citizens harassed by the uncertainties of shore life envy Uncle Sam's sailors, who are well fed, well clothed, well sheltered, well cared for as long as they attend to a simple routine of duty, easily learned, that soon becomes sec j ond nature. Sunday schools throughout tli ■ coun try are to be asked to teach the evils of graft. The work should not be con fined to the Sunday schools. Let ho nes and day schools teach young Americans the nation's history Is hon orable, and graft is dishonorable to the nation arid treacherous to the flag. It is a form of treason. Hotel proprietors and managers from every part of the United States and Canada are arriving in Los Angeles for the convention of the Hotel Men's Mu tual Benefit association. They will agree that Greater Los Angeles is an Ideal hotel city and its hotels are the equal of any In the world. Census enumerators ape practicing the Gentle art of asking questions that under ordinary circumstances would be considered highly impolite. Some of them are beginning to wonder what will happen when they ask "How old are you, lady?" Don't go mountain climbing without a reliable pocket compass, a reliable map and a reliable store of horse sense. Stories of people lost in the mountains show these adventurers generally trust to luck, or to their supposed knowledge of the way. Los Angeles prosperity will be in creased and multiplied by the success of the. harbor and power bonds. Even if you are sure the bonds will carry do not fail to vote, and remind your friends that It is their duty to vote. Los Angeles Is approaching another milestone day. The water and power bonds will be successful, for "that's the Los Angeles way." Do not forget to vote the bonds, and see to it that all your friends vote. Obnoxious billboards and dangerous grade crossings must be eliminated from the "general scheme of thing*" in lovely Los Angeles. They "don't belong." VOTE THE BONDS. State Press Echoes PARIS LIBELED A learned minister of the gospel who is familiar with the conditions In Paris and San Francisco, says it !s unde served libel on the French metropolis t.. ,:•]] San Francisco the "Paris of America."—Tulnre Advance. —♦— GOING SOME This is a rapid age. At Richmond, Ind., a girl was a bride at 13 and a grandmother at 28, and an Oakland man meets n girl on Sunday, marries her on Monday, leaves her Wednesday, attempts suicide five days later, be come! reconciled, then disappears. Qo inK some.—Oakland Knquiier. WANTS OLD GANG President Tuft urger upon the political leaders to keep the congressional lead iis in harness. The chief feels assured of a good working majority, but what the next crop will be is still in doubt; so to be safe he wants the old gang, Duncan McKlnlay with the. rest.—Wil lows Journal. -«— POVERTY'S COMPENSATIONS Poverty has its compensations. Who ever heard of a poor old person being haled into court to prove Ills compe tency to take care of himself or what little property of which he mlK'ht b I Bued? His relatives are much more nkeiy to bnast of his competency, lest they should bo called upon to con tribute to his support.—Stockton Inde pendent. DEMOCRACY'S DAY DAWNS Republlcan leaders have revealed a political blindness that hai been ai m- I inconceivable as regard! of the in timation of the proportions of tin; in surgency movement, Hut now they see it, one and all. The average Re publican Is willing to admit, though perhaps not for publication, that the next house will be Democrat ie—San Benlto Advance. WHY DOGS CHASE A New York scientist writes a mai? asine article to prove that dogs chase automobile! because they are Intoxi : by the Bmell. Is thai also the ■n why they chase tramps? Also cits, caws, book agents, jackrabbiti, chicken*, railway trains and children? These are not all run by gasoline. A dog will chase anything that runs, smell or no smell.—Santa Rosa l'r« M- Democrat. AS TO SALARIES The only discordant note In the goti erai voice of approval of the Balfour plan to reward John Hums, the Labor ite leader in parliament, with an In crease from $10,000 to 115,000 a year comei from the Labor party. British workingmen seem to think that when a man gets more than $10,000 a year he ceases to he one of them. But look at Mayor McCarthy of San Francisco. No ont> knows how much he is getting. -Sacramento Bee. —♦— CAN'T ENDURE HONESTY As Theodore Roosevelt is recognized everywhere an the exponent and cham pion of all that Is honest in public life, it is not to be wondered at that he is soundly berated by the Evening Post i,f San Francisco. To those unac quainted with the record >>( that Jour nal, it might not be amiss to state. that it is the recognized organ of the grafters in San Francisco and evident ly proud of Us Infamy.—Sacramento Bee. UNEASY LATIN AMERICA Now that all the more rabid revolu tionist! have either been killed off or captured in Nicaragua, and the dove of peace is once more hovering over that blood-stained land, warlike sounds are beginning to come from a little farther south. Chile and Peru aro working up a disagreement. Chile Is making eyes at Ecuador and the two may join against Peru. There must be always something doing in the war ring line Bouth of Mexico. There would be trouble also in the latter re public if Diaz did not rule with an iron hand.—Viealla Times. * TRY-OUTS Crawford—Don't you miss the the ater, living out here In this one-horse town? Suburbs— Why, man, wo see plays here that you never see in New York! — Puck. Rise and Fall of Commercial Centers—II HISTORY relates many cIVJo achievements of the human race wonderful in magnitude 'and thrilling in character, but there is noth- I ins In any one of them so resplendent with heroism, grandeur and resultant benefits to the world as the construe" tlon Of our nationality In a combina tion of numbers, wealth, Intelligence, civilisation, character of government and social Institutions. Our domain on the mainland Is nearly equal I" the superficial area of the European continent. Our population is hardly 40 per .ent less than that of France, Qer : many and the united Kingdom oom- I bined, which are more than twenty ■ centuries old. Since distinct national ity was achieved by the United States ! jess than a century and a third have 'elapsed, and yet it has wealth greater ! than the three OOUntritS named, a larger external commerce than any I Other nation, and her Internal com merce exceeds that of any three na - i tlons of Europe. There la but on<. i commercial center in all the world n.ater than New York, and the coun try possesses cities that r:'iik seeor.d. third and fourth, within the term of life of the present generation the tu-st plai c as a commercial center w ill be on the western shore of the Atlantic and tWO or three other cities will pass , a position In the very front. it Is not trade alone in modern times that has built up the greatest citle», though In many cases It has been the, prime factor. Especially has it been j such in London and New York, though In the. latter manufacturing Industries have materially contributed to her growth In population and wealth. Phll -1 adelphia derives far more from her Industries than from her commerce m dependent of them, Chicago Is tne beneficiary of both industries and | trade, and St. LOUis gains most from her manufactories. No nation ap proaches the United States in th. magnitude of Internal commerce. LM versity and magnitude of her industries made this possible. This country has failed In occupying the position siie should in international and Intercontinental commerce, con sidering the strength Of her popula tion, wealth, natural resources and the qualities Of the people. The failure has been from neglect in acquiring and maintaining an adequate merchant ma rine. The neglect has resulted from the many other opportunities for the j employment of capital, in railwaj con struction manufacturing, mining and in other lines that afforded larger profit it has been believed, than would be derived from maritime ventures Conditions have changed within the last two decades. The means Of pro duction have been so Improved thai our sreatest commercial need la exporta^ tlon of our products, and that need on I the Whole Is destined to become greater. H Is essential to this branch of inter national commerce that we should have 1 ships of our own to do that work. Nn- I tional Interest and pride in a merchant marine built up by American capital. operated by "til- own people, and under the Stars 'and Stripes. Will make for what Is most advantageous to the country. Our capitalists are putting their money into foreign countries and , nterprlses, when It would seem best for them, and surely for the country, to Invest it in home enterprises. Tne maritime Is a vast field for them, and if other people find it advantageous our enterprising people should be abli Col. Astor Spent $25000 for One Junket in Celebration of His Divorce THK Astor evening was made a matter of seeming simplicity. There were BO flamboyant decor ations, nothing but 140 dozen roses and a few Incidental palms and ferns. Sim plicity also ruled in the matter of favors and the lacl that they cost $18,000 and the entire evening's pleas ure probably cost mom than $^5,000. was a mere incident. The generous hospitality extended By Colonel Astor on tho night before his divorce extended even to the coachmen, the footmen and the chauffeurs, and each was provided with a ticket calling for a M-cent luncheon from wagons that remained outside the tajouse from midnight until S o'clock in the morning. it was really an evenings entertain ment divided Into five parts. First came the dinner. From the conclusion of the dinner until a half hour after midnight there was dancing. Then more than one-half of the colonel's guests pushed to the calico ball at Sherry's, where they let their presence be known and then rushed back to thu \stor mansion. Next came supper. and BH a climax the cotillion led by Harry behr and Mrs. M. Ornie Wilson. There were 150 guests. Under the old regime the two Astor houses, with :i connection of one door between them, have often greeted more than COD guests, but L6O appears to be the new number. There was much speculation among those present as to When Mrs. \stor will give her tlrst entertainment, hut there was no dispute that Colonel Astor made a most delightful host, and complications w-ero cheerfully con signed to the future. The union of the two Astor houses lias been accomplished by tearing down the wall between the two nnd con verting the Intervening spnee into a magnificent hallway with an Immense fireplace In the middle facing visitors as they arrive. In this great hallway Surely President Taft Has No Design to Send Ballinger to Supreme Court AN ASTONISHING report given wide currency during the last week attributed to Mr. Taft a purpose to appoint Richard Achillas Halllnger to the supreme court of the United States to fill the vacancy cre ated by the death of Justice Brewer. Doubtless the report was started by some enemy of the president, and it la Inconceivable that it can have had any foundation. We should want no further light on Balllnger's qualifications for high Judi cial office than that furnished by his policy and practice in relation to the Oarfleld grant of water rights in Hetch Hetehy to Snn Francisco. A man who sees fit to deny to one party to a con troversy the right to examine the evi dence offered by "the other side" Is not fit to hold place on the bench. Ballin ger did not himself In a public way use the words "the other side" to des ignate San Francisco's position in this matter but his private secretary dl<i use them, and doubtless he but reflects the sentiments of hla chief. If that theory is correct Ballinger has already decided the case without giving the city's representatives an opportunity to examine the evidence on which the sec- Lionel A. Sheldon to make the carrying trade on the spas reasonably profitable. Attainment and retention ol ■ high status In world commerce depends upon an adequate merchant marine of our own. CJrpat Britain lives and thrives on the earn ings of lior shipping more than on any Other branch of her business. It Is urged with some truth that our national policy, as disclosed in restric tive legislation, has boon a- standing discouragement to investment In Amer ican shipping a policy that forbids the purchase of forelgn-bullt ships, hl lowlng them American registration and Hying the flag of the country. It is true that ships built 1" foreign yards cost less than those constructed in American yards, the difference bring in the cos* of labor. Thorn has been some exaggeration In respect to the difference in the cost of construction at home and abroad. Our domestic yards seem to be kept busy, it is true that wages In this country are higher than anywhere else in the world, but we have an advantage in the matter of materials, and It Is hardly denied that American workers are able to and do accomplish more in the same time than do or can their foreign competl- Olie obstacle has been that profits Of enterprises In other lines have been large, and our capitalists are prone to seek after those only which assure the best returns. It has become a habit of our moneyed men, when projects are for the interest of the public as well as private, to seek aid from the pub lic treasury or to ask special privileges that Will forbid competition, anil those cities, and our manufacturer! have favors have been exaeteU as a condi tion precedent to the Investment of money Special privileges have been onferred on railway companies, and In development of public utilities In the cities an dour manufacturers navo asked and have been grunted protective import duties, that Income on Weir capital may be up to their greedy Ideals, r.fforts have been constant tnd perplexing to tlnd Rome way or taking money from the pockets of the people as a gratuity. It has been a. cause of continual embarrassment and obstruction to private enterprise, be sides being a source of demoralization to nubile officials. That wan not what our forbears relied on In making con quest of the continent. Several methods have been adopted by other nations to aid building up of their merchant shipping, amonc them and most usual are direct subsidies. tonnage bounties, postal estimates and discriminating duties, itabstdies can not be extensively resorted to, M H wo lid bankrupt any nation If granted to all merchant ships, it hns never been extended beyond a limited num ber of lines, and on which trade Is in large volume and competition was active or for the purpose of a"J ro'oP: Ing trade in new fields, and which, ir successful, promised beneficial results Tonnage bounties cannot tie extended to all ships of a nation, if It possess any considerable number, for it would draw to., heavily on the revenues It has been tried and generally qulc.klv abandoned. Postal estimates is mor.j conspicuously a British »n«thr,d. and simply means appropriating 1 Derail y from ' the postal receipts, that large! compensation shall be realized for ear ning the mails, and this assistance la confined to ships on a few Unes where the traffic Is large and compe tition is sharp. (Chicago Record-Herald) nine lnrge round tables were set mm evening tor the dinner. . It wius not until 1 o'clock In the morning that tho cotillion began and the iiuors appeared. Tho most costly of these were the French parasols prc ■ented to the women. They hud been made t.> order and were hand-carved upon the finest of woods, with lon* handle! and of silk of every color. Quest! valued tho parasols at not less thnn JfVO each. Both the men and women were pro vided with pompadour ribbon scans and |HhM fringed with Kold and •11 --| ver and when they were wound about the slioulders of the dancers the ball ! room became a kaleidoscope of color !at $1"i P«r color. BraM bells were one of the favors given the men, and they were kept ring-In* merrily, so at times the orchestra had difficulty letting It be known it wan still lit work. Tho liDiitunnlcrea Riven the men wore per fumed In ■ mmiUMr to put nature to the t('st to keep even. The dlreotolro mirrors that ww» among the favors for the ladles were two fe«t in length, the handles of satln wood and with seventy-nvo of them Dashing back the lights of the ball room from all angle* they provided an effect of dazzling brilliancy. If there were men present who never smoke a pipe they must have been tempted by tho splendid combination of briar, gold and amber presontod to them, with gold match boxes and a gilt flashlight to complete the outfit. Those who Insist upon nothing hut cigars were delighted with a novel gilt cigar lighter. Favors given the women dancers of painted Louis XIV fans were ke.pt fluttering at $in per nutter. Louis XVI opera bags wero provided In which tho fan could bo conveniently kept when not in use. The affair Is believed by society to I mark the beginning of a new era of entertaining by Colonel Astor. (Ran Francisco Tulli retary of the Interior has apparently made up his mind. It has never boon clear why Bal linger "butted Into" this controversy. It was not pressing for settlement. There Is no possible prospect that San Franolaoo will have use for the Hatch Hetehy rights for the, next twenty years, as the posFihillties of the Lako Kleanor watershed must first be ex hausted by tin.- city. It is not clear why Halllnger has chosen to Invite an ugly and acrimonious quarrel with San FranclHco and the other bay cities over a matter which he cannot settle with finality. His decision, one way or the other, will not decide anything In par ticular, nnd will merely keep the ad ministration In hot water, even as his refusal to let "the other side" see the evidence creates bad feeling: and raises suspicion of unfair dealing. Ballinger Is not the sort of man the people- like to see raised to the highest judicial office, and It Is Inconceivable that Mr. Taft has ever contemplated anything of the kind. Tlie president has had trouble a-plenty on his hands becaUM of his selection of Ballinger for place in the cabinet, but that is a trifle compared with the scandal that would be created by Balllncer's elevation to the supremo bench.