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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED EVERY MORNING BX THE HERAIJ> CO. (THOMAS It. G1880N......... Pfenlflenl FRANK K. W0LFE....... Managing Editor THOMAS 1. GOLDING...Bu»Ine»a Manager DAVID G. BAILLIE .Associate Editor Entered a* second claaa matter at the a««tofflc« In Los Angeles. OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN LOS ANGELES •toamded Oct. «, 1878. Thirty-sixth Tear. Chamber of Commerce Building. ' PhoneaSunset Main »000; Home 10511. The only Democratic newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated pre«« report*. > NKWS SERVICE —Member of the Aim slated Prsss, receiving lta full report, aver aging J6.000 word* a day. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUN DAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mall or carrier, a month 1 .50 Dally, by mall or carrier, three month*. 1.50 Dally, by mall or carrier, alx months.. Dally, by mall or carrier, one year 5.00 Sunday Herald, one year ......J.M Pottage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. 'THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Lot Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oak land will find The Herald on sale at the Dews stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be ••en at the office of our English represen tatives, Messrs. B. and J. Hardy & Co.. JO. •1 and it Fleet street, London, England free of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions and advcrtlto aaenta on our behalf. , " On all matters pertaining to advertising •darass Charlea R. Gates, advertising man ager. ■ _^____ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR- CRISP AND CLEAN KETRORSUM |U AT THE THEATERS AI'DITOKH'M — Maud Allan, dancer. BELANCO— "The Garden of l.le»." Bl"HIIANK— "The I. ion and th* Mouse." EMrißK— Vaudeville. GRAM) — "The Clnc&lae." KAJHSTIG Kolb and Dill. MKI,SKN— "FI-'iii Frou." OLYMPIC— Musical farce. ORrilKIM — Vaudeville. niNCKM —Musical farce. SPELLING SIMPLJFI ED spelling is making Rome progress, and a grtat deal of mone) is being spont on it. But m repeat that in tho form that is being proposed and financed "simpli fied" spelling is dangerous to the lan fuage, and will injure true spelling rpform by beclouding the Issue and befogging and confusing good i pie Who have not made a special study of the matter, it will have a tendency to postpone the emancipation of s polyglot language from a misfit Roman alphabet. In these days of rapid adap tation and quick work it would be easy lo revise the alphabet by dis carding superfluous letters and adding characters that are missing. There should be single, simple letters for sounds like "th," "sh," "( h," and nine new vowel letters are needed, To people wiio have made a life study of the subject of phi tli s .in.; lingual pho netics, the present attempt to dodge the issue by compromising with an Antiquated ecclesiastical alphabet is .< rank heresy, and will prove both costly and cumbersome. When there's a short cut it is not a saving of thin to ride along the beaten road on a bicycle in stead of walking over it. Why not take the short cut? Why compron AID TO BUYERS IN order to help buyers and visitors and save their time, New York has evolved ;i new Idea, it win i i b litdi a great central sample room, in Which the merchants of the city may hire space, exhibit samples of goods and distribute catalogue!. The idea exemplified resembles that with which the exhibition hall of the Los Angeles chamber of commerce has made the people of this city familiar, but samples will be changed from week to w#ek, so them will be a. constant Vftriety in exhibits. Undoubtedly the example' of New Yiik will be followed by other cities, Rnd buyers, instead of havinß to use time and weary themselves in "chasing all over town," will find In the sample hull exactly where they wish to ko for their purchase, and will organize their buying campaign without undue wear and tear of brain and body, and with far more satisfaction. The idea is so goi d 1 is a wonder it has not been thought >>i before, CUSSEDNESS AN eastern author loft his wife be cause she was making more money than li". The eccentrici ties of genius are many, and there are always new varieties. But that a pro fessional writer should take offense, be cause the gray mare is the better nor no at money-getting looks more like frail ness than mere eccentricity, Doubt less the fugitive husband now will hie him to a garret and write his head off, J but, In Falstaffian turn of phrase, be cause lie lias designs on fame why should he give up Cakes and ale? 'TiH a mad world, my masters. The student of human nature finds In it an endless diversion. it is no wonder the record- Ing angel never wearies of his job. Every new generation of humans brings new and unexpected forms of eilMednsM. . ;'■;, TARIFF AND LIVING EXCEPTING for the tariff Wall. Windsor, Ontario, is as much a part of Detroit. Mich., as Is any suburb or part of Detroit Itself. The . close relationship of Windsor and De troit—which share many CitlSMll Who are Americans by day, daring business hours, and Canadians by night—gives thp host opportunity thai I xlsts for in- , stltuting comparisons between the cott of living undor a tariff vexed country and ono in which the natural play of economic and business forces is not arbitrarily interfered With, and tlio , consumer rMs a square deal. in Windsor the price of the best but- . tcr is St cents per pound; ir. Detroit. 36 cents; in Windsor, n dozen eg/?s cost ! 34 cents, in Detroit. 42 cents; the cheap est i vi of beef in Windsor costs B\4 cents per pound, in Detroit 10 cents per pound. Mess pork sells for 13 cents per pound in Windsor, for 2rt i cents In Detroit; prime l;u d for 11 cents per pound in Windsor, for 13 ■ cents per pound In Detroit; breakfast baeiin. 1!) cants In Windsor, U .cuts [ in Detroit: wheat, No. 2 red. Jl per bushel In Windsor, Jl.ll per bushel In Detroit; com, No. - mixed, fio cents per bushel In Windsor, 71 cents in Detroit; potatoes, 70 cents per bushel in Windsor. SI. IO In Detroit; cabbage, B to 7 cents per bead in Windsor, s to 15 cents per head In Detroit: turnips; 40 cents per bushel In Windsor, fit) cents per bushel in Detroit; carrots, 50 cents per bushel In Windsor. 60 ! cents per bushel In Detroit; beets, 2."> cents per bushel In Windsor, 80 cents per bushel in Detroit; parsnips, 50 cents p"r bushel in Windsor, 60 cents in Detroit: dressed turkeys. L'O cents per pound in Windsor. ZE cents per pound in Detroit; dressed chickens. 11 cents per pound In Windsor. IS cents per pound in Detroit: milk, 7 cents per quart In Windsor. S to 9 cents per quart In Detroit: cheese. IHJ cuts per pound in Windsor, 16^4 cents per pound in Detroit. One of the mysteries of the tariff in that phip tobacco, grown and "made"' In the United States, is sold for *i p> pound in Windsor, while in the United States it costs from $2 to $3 pi r pound. There l.s so little difference in wnfns that many American citizens tlnrl it to their advantage to remove their families to Canada and obtain em ployment there. There are many oth ers who, owing to tariff conditions, make the United States a "shop 1 and Canada ■home." The wage they earn in the United States goes much far ther in Windsor than In Detroit; and human nature Impels the average man. no matter how patriotic he may be, to live where he "ill get the big gest and best return for his money. The philosophy Is sound. A man's life is worth more where what It earns buys more. In cheap wage regions of the United States that are remote from Canada, human life is fir less valuable than it Is elsewhere. A man's time and talent in this world are only salable once. Should he get the worst of it in the market he is absolutely without remedy. LICENSE TRAFFIC THK police commission protected the public and did Its duty by revoking a retail liquor lie MS which was obtained by questionable methods. By such transactions or at tempted transactions a glaring evil connected with the liquor trade is ex posed. The license becomes "an oh je t." It enters into the calculations of OVerzealoUS real estate men who make it the excuse foi exacting ex orbitant rents from the licensed prop erty —rents which without the value supposed to be added to it by the a would l onsldered not mere ly unreasonable but preposterous. The police commission did well In revoking a license which had involved payment of a sum of money to an enterprising citizen who promise.] to get tin' i eaary frontage. We hope a good, cold water blanket will now be i over all kinds of license traf ficking, and that consents of frontage iie\er again will be considered a sub- J( • of value received fur services ren dered. SUGGESTION ANOTHER most uncanny and Bp palllng install'!' of the power of suggestion is neon In Pitt slung, where Frank Skala, a missionary who said ha was willing to lay down his Ufa for the Christian cause, was shot by :> j man who took him at his word, rind j resolved to put that word to the tent. Speakers and writers should use some discretion In their language, remember- . ing constantly the power of Ruggestinn. ; There is no occasion tor any human being to brag what he would do at a pinch — because some receptive heaier j may be induced to provide the pinch] | ' Suggestion is the greatest of the I world's uncontrolled powers. When it is recognized and controlled, the per centage of crime will be greatly de creased. Under present conditions, hardly a day dawns upon which newspapers are not compelled to chronicle some mis deed attributable to suggestion. COWARDICE ITT HEN outsiders r>r Informal at \V tachea of the police department ' ' receive permission or license to j..in in in.- abuse of a prisoner, it Is time for grand jury Investigation, Po lice brutality in any form will not be ted In Greater Los Angeles, and anj laxity oi discipline or any care -■-■ that permits a citizen in the , employ "i a reactionary Interesl to make .1 thug of himself is greatly to lit-- deplored We hope there will never be another Instance of an attack upon a prisoner by a privileged outsider, or B privi leged Inßlder, or a policeman, or anyone else. Leaving oul nf consideration 111 ■ • Illegallt j of such an nttai k, it is ihe height ur Hi" depth "i cowardice t<> assault v (ifi'ensoicsd prisoner, LOS ANGELES HERALD: WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, 1010. I Congressman Longworth is ready to take the stump in defense of the new tariff law.—News Item. RATES DISCIPLINED PERSONS who are corporationally | Inclined, and think ihe "Interfer ence" nf the Intemtate commerce commission with the poor, oppressed Pullman company woj uncalled for, should study th" Hgureii supplied by the Associated Preas reporter a.- to the financial .-md general condition of the down-trodden Pullman company a company which, of course, In reality. usurps one of the greatest and most NATIONAL PUBLIC UTILITIES In the Unit 'l states, gome day the cltl- ! zmik of the republic will become ap preclatlve of the value of national franchises ami of their own relation to these franchises. Mefc.nwh.Ma let'i look at the Instructive figures: prom 1898 to 1908 annual dividends amounted to $60,000,000. Amount car ried in surplus annually does not fall short of the annual dividends of 8 per rent. In 1898 a 'ash dividend of 17,280,000 was paid out of accumulated surplus. in 1899 a special stock dividend of M per ■ • nt. amounting 0, was de clared: In 1907, another of 36 per cent amounting to $28,J1">,256. In eleven years special cash and stock divi dends iiu addition to ordinaries), 1 amounted to 161 And yet the Pullman company, a beneficiary to an ■ xtraordlnary ex tent of the patronagi of the travel- Ing public, in return for wnleh patron age it gives only the barest, essential service, paying nothing tor the spe i iai pui lie prlvlleg ■ it enjoys, squeals yells, howls, roars Mid bIUSteN when the Interstate commlSf-lon uses the cor ■ mi-. "UNJI tfS AND UNREA SONABLE," in which to characterise its charges, and when the commission orders the rates between < hlcago and thi Pacific coast reduced, Such reduc tion »iii be of great service to Cali fornia and the thousands of good citl sena who are compelled to use eor poratlonally owned. profit-peeking rail roada ami corpora lionoliy ownoJ, profit-seeking Pullmin ear.- in making the journey from the east to Cal ifornia, VOTE THE BONDS H.\ i;i>< >X and power bonds will l<<* submitted to Hi. voters next week Tuesday. The bond ■ should carry svithoul question, by a bis: vit,'. Greater Lna Angeles is un der a pledge to authorise the harbor bnndH, and thai i 1 tlge muni be re deemed. Vote for the S3, 1,000 harbor bond iHHue, and remind your frlendi of their duty to vote. Aqueduct power bond* ar>- of vital Importance in the Industrial develop ment nf I. os Angeles. By authorising the power Issue of $3,500,000, eitiz-ns will give Greater Los Angeles imius a 1 iitr boost. I'apitai will be at tracted to this city, and long ere the completion of the Panama canal In dustrialism will have enriched Greater Los Angeles, providing abundant em ployment foe all who wish employ ment, and will have made Los Ange les the commercial and manufactur ing metropolis of the coast. This in dustrialism will lie the basis of a great export trade which will build up the harbor, and between maritime and manufacturing Interests G(eater I.os Angelei) will become the unrival ed metropolis of tin- west. It is to riie personal interest of every citizen to vote the bonds, It is to YOUR In terest, Hotel men elected John B. Mitchell of I. os AngeleH president of the Hotel Men's Mutual Benefit association, Loa Angeles appreciates the compllmeni ami values the hot.! men's expert rec ognition of the efficacy and worth of Hi,- Los Angeles n ay. Mayor Alexander's lucid and con vincing statement to voters on the sub- Consternation in Camp ject of the harbor and power bond Is- i sues is concluded with the expression: j "Yours for the future greatest city of the world." There's nothing village : like about that. Where are the people ! who thought good government would produce village conditions? All Los Angeles building records for the first twelve days of April are beaten by this year's. Total permits Issued and asked for represents $2,373,- I 000. Xot long ago Los Angeles bank clearings for ■ day exceeded M,000,000. Village or city? EH? ~"™ ~ ~ • Puhlie worship of John D. Rockefel ler, conducted at the Fifth Avenue 1 Baptist Church in New York, is creat ing a feeling throughout the United I States which may be expressed in the words "plum dees-goostcd." Ugh! There should be a big bond vote. Remember, Los Angeles is keeping her word.'. Vote. It is a point of honor. Prosperity in the past; prosperity in the present; prosperity in the future. j That's the Los Angeles way. State Press Echoes SAVE VOIK UKAI/IH Ha vine money Is a virtue, hut it ii also a habit. He who makes a practice of counting a certain proportion of his earning! as not his to spend, but to save, booh comes to save automatically. As his Income Increases his aavlnffa Increase, until he has laid by the bit that every man needs for that coming •■rainy day."— Sacramento Union. -♦- FIKK COMPANY NEEDED Now that the board of truiteei has mail. 1 ar- rangementa t i place fire pluga ai convenient in the town, it would letm t'> us to be ;t K'"*l tin:- to r'»rni a (Ire company. The hoard has the money on han<l, and it c Uld not l"1 used for better purpose than to pro« vide the town with prop* r fire- protection Bast Ban Jon Poit. —4.— SI'HK IT RES The Watsonvilln Register print? an ar tirln on a Plan That \VnuM Bnd All Poverty." (;■■! rich or ret oil tho earth an- tin two only Absolute curei for poverty.—Hoi Hater Prei Lance. I'l UI.IC MKAI.TII \SS(K IATIONS Representatives of thn irailinK California public health association! Will meet April IS iii Sacramento to consider the merging of health Interests In b general organisation* •'The Affiliated Public Health Associations of California." — tladera Tribune. SOt Til \MKHK AN RIOTKRH tui' of thPse little countries are fllmopt continually embroiled In wars among them* Belves, or torn by insurrections and revolu tions. Tumult, turbulence and bloody vlo le-nee ..in to be chronic In Homi of them. Stability of government and security of prop erty and life art' practically unknown. Their history If* little short of betns the. shame and scandal of civilization.— Ban Jose Mercury. -*- PRESIDENT I'I.ET* HKItIZINt; President Tuft has become a Fletcher it*. Frequent banquets and "stuffing!" of rich food have run his weight beyond the ((ill mark, and probably some sensible physician ha» put him In communication with Hor ace Fletcher, the sanest man on diet in America. —Han Jose Mercury, HIS I-IJHTATION Oovernor James N. Qlllatl i« coyly ilirt inx with southern Republicans. H*- will got Into tiic raca to suocted B#nator i-'iint If it if shown that the party will nup imrt hiTn. His attitude is that of th.' shy maiiii-n who blushlngly awaits a proposal.— wakiami Enquirer. 4»_ CONSERVATION CONVENTION A state conservation convention has Just been held in St. Paul, and It attracted a great deal of attention and met with v hearty. re . phi!'", mote than 27.000 people behiK In one way or another part pan In it. That this Is a food example is of course evident. That it will produce (food results only li also quite clear. ~Han Francisco News. SMALL SALARY MARTYRS Per ha pi the moat self-denying work in the country it* that of scientific men who devoid themselves to research or to some form of expert public service on small salaries, when they could ko Into private business at large salaries, The modesty, the public spirit and the professional seal of such men k<> with little or no recognition from the government or the public they so splendidly serve. And this is very well Illustrated In the news that the administration's economy plans have driven ,■ number of these mm out of the lervlco. With the coal of living as It now Is. Borne raise of salary was due these, men and hail been promised.— Joee Mercury. Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS Lettern intended for publication must be accompanied by the I name and address of the writer. The Herald gives the widest latitude to correspondents, but assumes no responsibility for their views, letters must not exceed 300 words. TAXES GOVERNED BY HUMAN DESIGN. NOT ANIMAL GIFTS LOS ANGELES, April 10.—[Editor Herald]: In my letter of March -1 I attempted to explain to Single Tamer that In our day almost everything of value Is artificial, i. c., commercial value. if It is a part of human history reach ing far back Into the obscure period when man began to emerge from the animal state. It Is here thai man be gan carting about for a means of escap ing that otherwise inevitable fate which always has attended all rapidly multiplying species of living creatures. Any means which Is an advance upon the spontaneous methods pursued by animals requires an exercise of genius, a certain amount of calculation and In vention which marks it distinctly as a human enterprise. Through labor of mind, seconded by labor of body, man owes his supremacy over nature and his superiority over all living things. All labor is not product ive. Too much labor and energy are expended In getting possession of ob jects which have ben produced by others, and objects which are already In the form required to be enjoyed do not constitute products, unless the ef fort made to obtain them renders them more enjoyable. Added to this value other products of labor, such as Inventions and also the process of labor, and land does not grow, but it is the value of land that grows. Sweep away the process of la bor, which means civilization, and the land values would be nil. What effect has electricity had regarding land values' Trace it to its genesis, and we find all through its stages, from the labor of the alchemists to the present time, that human labor in this one phase alone has added incalculable wealth to the land, metals, vegetables and human progress, and If it were not so, land would be Just as valuable to the lizard as It is to man. C. AGE OF CO-OPERATION IS URGED BY SHOE WORKER POMONA, April 12- [Editor Her ald]: Single Taxer, In replying »ay»: "Unearned Increment la th« proper term for growth of land value*, since Increment means growth," He is right. The profit In shoe manufacturing li .surplus value, Increment also mesms increase. Surplus value is an Increase I and is unearned. It Is the Increasing of price beyond the eo*l of producing without adding to the shoes any use value. I do not understand how a single tax can place the contracting parties on equal footing. I think the sooner the age of contract ends the better. Let us have the age of co-operation. Let us take another look at the $3.50 shoes. Three shoes of every twelve more than pay for the raw material, wear and tear of machinery, packing, boxing, draying. interest on money, wages and all other expenses. One worker produces twelve pairs of. $3.50 shoes in an eight-hour day. , Suppose one pair goes to public expense and three pairs to pay cost of producing the twelve pairs. That would leave eight pairs net, or one pair for one hour's work. Then one pair of $3.50 shoes would be the laborer's reward for one hour's work under a Joint system of co-operation. How many hours must I work now to earn a pair of $3.50 shoes at a wage of 20 cents an hour? Seventeen and one-half hours. Therefore, as far as I am concerned, the difference between Socialism and the present system would here be the difference between one hour's'labor and seventeen and one-half hours. • ("HAS. V. WHITE. LABOR AND COMMUNITY'. 1. BOTH ROBBED BY CAPITAL . WILMINGTON. April 12.—[Editor Herald]: The "corner lot" letters are Interesting; "site value" or "unearned Increment" is a socially created value —but It cannot economically be called wealth. It is the product of all the people Infant, child, man ami woman. Even the loafer helps to produce it. it exists because of the presence, of people' it disappears when the people u.i even though It may be surrounded by wealth produced by centuries of la- Rise and Fall of Commercial Centers —III I INKS between great commercial • centers are, Of course, tile most ■* Important, but a nation cannot hold a high place in world commerce 1 without tramp ships that run to any I and all parts where freights are offered. They make no trips on regular time Schedules, but go and return as ad ' vantageous circumstances seem to In ' dicate. They carry little or no mail and few passengers. No country has thought it advisable to grant tv them ; subsidies or tonnage bounties, or the benefits of liberal postal estimates. Discriminating duties are the fairest and most effective If favors of any kind are to bo granted. They take no I money directly from the pockets of the I masses and do not discriminate for or I agßlnst ships of any class or kind, or , whatever trade they may be engaged I In. Discriminating duties are on for elan goods transported to our ports In ' American bottoms and cannot apply to I export cargoes, The advantage of be- Ing subject to lower duties is an In ducement to importers, to bestow their patronage On OUr own ships. Assured thus of returned cargoes, our ships can inter successfully into competition with rival foreign ships In the outgoing t raffle. To Help In developing our export trade reciprocity treaties have in a number of instances been entered into, from none of which lias resulted any Very appreciable benefits, and most of them nave been more or less disad vantageous: Reciprocity means favor itism to some exportable product and detriment to others by lowering duties on foreign competitive products. There are misapprehensions as to the nat ural bases of reciprocal trade, people do not buy nf others that which they I do or can produce sufficiently to sup ply their own needs. Mr. Jefferson originated the correct theory of recipro cal trade It was that we should sock to build up trad.- with countries that produce what we cannot or do not. and which they need. These condi tions suggest the natural in the inter change of commodities. President Oarfleld, before he started f,.r Washington to be Inaugurated, prepared a project of the general pol icies of his administration and among them was that of reciprocity to be car ried Into effect on the fundamental Idea Of Mr. Jefferson. This 1 know, for I went, over the project with him Ht Mentor anterior to his departure for the capital. H does not seem difficult to promote trade between tWO countries situated us described; It would seem that they ' would com.- together naturally, and the only substantial obstruction that ; ! can exist is the failure to put ami shipping Into such trade ami Inter course. Instead of this, efforts have mainly been directed to trade with European countries where products are very largely similar to our own. anil because there was ample foreign ship ping in the European commerce we have neglected to put on our own. \\ ■ have employed and still employ sin h shipping to carry our exports by the j way of Europe to Brazil and <>thor South American countries, whose prod ucts we largely purchase and where many of our pro.lint.- are needed. Ku ropean ship owners naturally ami s.-i --tWhlv as selflshneM Is a quality of human nature, work for tho Interest of their own countrymen and to our det riment. Unericans might as well realize the general fact that the most successful upbuilding of a great commercial cen ter depends in very gnat measure upon ii,,. possession of an adequate merchant marine owned and I ; -rated by those who have both a personal and national interest In its development. Kelianee inn most safel-- be placed on people of our own nationality. There ought to 1,,, no waiting for financial aid from government subsidy or in any form ex cept by patronage which should be liven from national ;ymp;jthy and pa triotism. It is'today an overshadowing ambi tion of the people of this city and nd -1: t country to here promote the growth «>." a commen lal center of a high runk. To do this is a matter of ma terial Interest an.l of local pride. It is an ambition to which there will lie an ample response if efforts are Intelli gently directed and indomitably per* dinted in. It is a work not to create an artificial or forced commercial center, but one that is natural and promises ,, ,t results from circumstances and conditions that nature has generously provided. There is need only for proper supplemental work by our people tv bur Labor oould produce n new city of Jerusalem in the i enti r of Death Valley, but it cnuki not iJvs value to a comer lot In that city ihould it re main uninhabited. Whatever labor produce* should fo t.i labor absolutely. Whatever tha community produces should k° to the community absolute ly, our present laws compel the com munity to take from labor, in a rldlc uloualy Inequitable manner, what la bor produce*. The ((immunity In turn permits the Individual to steal what it produces. in this way labor support* Itself and the community, too. All tllf' really wealthy Individuals of today »ol their fortunes from this "unearned Incre ment" fund. There is not one ex ception. Labor is poor only berause it is robbed by the community The com munity is poor mostly bankrupt—tor rlbly In debt bonded to the eye brows- because it permits the literal confiscation of this "unearned Incre ment " Justice demands readjust ments. ?• O. B. PARCELS POST ONLY WAY TO REDUCE EXPRESS RATES OLKNDORA. April 10.—[Editor Her ald]: In an editorial of Sumla;,-* issue, under the heading "Competition," you say that the coming of the American Express company into southern Cali fornia will have" a Rood effect on the rate situation and express business. If by that you mean there will be anj real competition between the Wells ! FargO and the American companies. 1 and a resulting reduction of rates, you have another guess coming. The express companies understand too well the ruinous effect to them selves of competition and the value of co-operation; and although operating as separate concerns, there will be a perfect understanding between them. The only possible relief we will ever have from express monopoly will come through the establishment of a parcel! post, but that will never come to pass so long as the people blindly vote the Old party tickets. K. PAYNK. CALLS TAFT SCAPEGOAT OF REPUBLICAN PARTY IIKiHUAND PARK, April B.—[Editor Herald]: I fully agree with your cor respondent, M. 8. R., that Initead of being a traitor Taft is but tlie scape goat Of the Republican party. My advice to the voters of.this coun try ' would be: "Quit your kicking." you elected Mr. Taft by a iii« majority. You have known for many years ilf you have uved your powera of obaerva* tiou) the tactics used by the party which nominated him, anil how much part n Lionel A. Sheldon rear hero a commercial center that ■hall become a prominent factor In world trade, It la worth the while at the Incipient stage of the enterprise to acquaint ourselves fully In respect to what are the circumstances find con ditions In their bearing upon the work the people have so earnestly taken In hand. I*l us make an account of what are the facts. The first la that Ijos Angeles la Im mediately and widely surrounded by a country highly productive of the neces sities and luxuries of life, much that contributes to general wealth and trade. In this respect few cities In the nation are more favorably circum stanced. The population of the city and vicinity Is of a superior quality in In telligence and character, and it Is fast, becoming greater numerically. An ex tensive adjacent country Is capable of maintaining a population of unusual density. Internal trade lias already attained large dimensions. ■. *• The second fact Is that the city Is the terminus of three Important trans continental railways that participate as largely as any others in transcon tinental traffic. Through them this city has direct communication, and should have trade relations with the people In a territory embracing 1,000,000 square miles, one-third of our conti nental domain, and which now contains not fewer than 15,000,000 Inhabitants, or one-sixth of our continental popula tion. It Is a region productive, abun dantly and In variety, of exportable comodities, and In which population and development are Increasing faster and to a wider extent than nearly anywhere else In the nation. The sec tions through which the railways reach this city are not only rich in produc tions from the soil, but also In min erals. The rail lines whoso termini are here are Shorter than those of their rivals. They are less obstructed by what nature has imposed, for they are on the average on lower levels than the northern railways. Nature provided for them the lowest gaps in the mountain ranges from the north ern boundary of Mexico to the south ern boundary of British Columbia. it has been said that sign boards should be placed In these gaps with the In scription "This is the way to the East Indies." Other facts are that the city Is sit uated on the greatest ocean, and there can be no shifting of location, there being no point that will bring produc ers and consumer! In closer proxim ity, nor that places exporters and Im porters on transportation lines of less resistance either in the matter of dis tance, labor, or expense. Whatever I this city shall become In commercial . rank it will so remain. Its position is 1 such as to command the export trade from the productive regions eastward, and the Import trade from Oceanlca and the Orient to supply those Interior and productive sections. The conditions will remain fixed and permanent. Another Important fact is that the port of this city Is nearer to a larger number of the Islands of the Indian and I Pacific oceans, to the larger part of eastern Asia, all of eastern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii and the Philippines than nny other of our Pacific coast ports. It is obvious, too. that through cheaper and more expe ditious transportation this city las very much the advantage of other Pa cific coast cities In trade with the. west ern coast of Mexico, Central and South America. Those countries will bo large buyers of products of the, sections through which pass the railroads whose termini are in this city, as they aw what are needed In those countries be cause they cannot produce them to a great extent; but they do produce much that Is needed by the people In the vast territory commercially tribu tary to this city. ;■■.■, ' ■ Not the least important is the further fact that the region which the railway* terminating here traverse will largely take the imports brought to this city from Oceanlca, Asia, Africa, the Amer ican countries southward and our own Pacific Insular possessions. Considering all tho facts enumerated, one Is forced to the conclusion that, If utilized as they should be, there Is as surance that the largest center of commerce anywhere on the western coast of the American hemisphere can and should be built up here. Whatever may become the number of people the City shall acquire, they will be amply supplied with food from the country eastward and with such raw materials as shall be required by the industries that are likely to be hero established. that party has done for the common What could any president do with a tariff framed by such men is Aldrich and Payne and indorsed by congress? To have followed the line of least re- Blstance seems to have been the policy of our presidents, who know too well how sad it WOUld be to kill the goose that laid .such polilcn orrs. Mr Taft Is not a treat man (except, perhaps, In the matter of avoirdupois), but lie is weak-the result of his politi cal i nvlronment Having held a public „,,,. .ince the ace of 11. his outlook on any political matter is naturally cir cumscribed by the effect it will have on the few rather than the masses. The Republican party has been kind to him, and siven him many ofhices of trust Why, then, should it be expected ,„ legislate, atalnst their interest.? Ho is a good-natured tool in the h;lll ,ls of unscrupulous political leaders whose methods of R amln K their ends „,-,■ .so subtle that they would deceive •yen Satan himself. While the Republican party Is in power no president has been strong nuiii-'h or independent enough to udvo ;,,,. or devise a tariff in the Interests of the people. °- A- APPROVES STATEMENT THAT WIDOWS MAKE BEST WIVES LOB ANC.IOLKS, April 11.—[Editor Herald]: I think the New York Judge, quoted in Sunday's Herald, stated the truth about widows making the best wives and that C. F.s observations re gardtng second and third marriages are like Dr. Cook's observations, not accurate. Walt Whitman, speaking of women, "The young arc beautiful but the old are more beautiful than the young." lie mean* by Unit that they aro bet ter thinkers and, therefore, more con genial. The same thing ll true of men, tlie fellow with the most experience win* the loveliest lady. My experience with widows is not very extensive, .but I know that I can not tell them as many ".stories" aa I can the girls of less experience. \ widow is generally regarded a good COOjl am] dresses with more taste. She knows what it costs to live. She doesn't get the "blues" as often, and If she has any children she will bo more reasonable in her dealings with others. The only thing that wo finally and actually love about anyone is their mind, and just to the extent that a mind is developed just to that extent will It command a bolter love and mind is developed by -experience. A YOUNG MAN.