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LOS ANGELES HERALD ISSUED EVERY MORNING BY THE HERAI.I) CO. THOMAS E. GIBBON President '. FRANK E. WOLFE....'...Managing Editor THOMAS J. GOLDING...Bu«IneM Manager DAVID G. BALLLIE Associate Editor Entered as second class matter at the post office In Los Angelen. OLDEST MORNING PArER IN LOS ANGELAS. Founded Oct. *, 1873. Thlrtj--slith Tear. Chamber of Commerce, Building. Phone* —Sunset Main 8000; Home 10811. The only Democratic! newspaper In South ern California receiving full Associated Press reports. • NEWS SERVICE—Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 86.000 words a day. __ RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Daily, by mall or carrier, a month I .50 Daily, by mall or carrier, three months. 1 BO Daily, by mail or carrier, six months. .2. 3 Dally, by mall or carrier, one year 800 Sunday Herald, one year 2.00 Fostage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. __ THE HERALD IN SAN FBANCIUCO AND OAKLAND — Los Angeles and Southern Cali fornia visitors to San Francisco and Oakland will find The Herald on sale at the new* stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. _____ A file of The Los Angeles Herald ran be *een at th» office of our English representa tives, Messrs. E. and J. Hardy _ Co.. 30. 31 and 82 Fleet street. London. England, free of charge, and that firm Hill he glad to re „...„ g;-, _üb_?r!T!t!4nS infl advertise ments on our behalf. ______ . On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising- man ager. Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP~~AND~~CLEAN f|>tesJE_lGlA £njLI,AH g RETRORSUM W ~» — • AT THE THEATERS AUDITORIUM—Dark. tiKI-ASCO "Forty-five Minutes from BroaJ way." BURBANK— 'The Man on the Box." . EMPlßE—Musical extravaganza. (iRAKD— "By Bight of Sword." • , LOS ANGELES— MAJESTIC—KoIb and Dill. MASON'—Dark. OLYMPIC—Musical farce. ORPHEUM—Vaudeville. PBINCEM — farce. SAFE, SANE FOURTH MONROVIA, with commendable en terprise, is taking steps to pro vide a safe, sane, rational, en joyable and patriotic Independence 'lay celebration for its citizens. The young peopli of the beautiful little city will be allowed to "run" the celebration, ■with the aid of co-operating commit tees. An ideal program without any element of risk can be arranged. Think of a Fourth without dread, without danger, without horror, without Borrow. The sentiment in favor of a rational celebration of Independence day is heartily approved in Los Angeles, and here, too, we should be making prep aration for a patriotic celebration on a scale of unprecedented impressive ness and grandeur. DON'T FOR GET TO RING THE HELLS. GIVE US AN HOUR OF BELL RINGING, and more at intervals all day. Have a parade equal to Los Angelas' best Make it a floral parade with miles of floats and decorations in red, white and blue. Let us have formal official reading of the Declaration from the steps of city hall at high noon, ami at the close of the reading let the maßsed bands of the city play "AMERICA" with such vim It will sound as If it meant something. "America" is not a dirge, but a glory shout. Play it that way! And let us have a patriotic program that will Illustrate the conquering heroism of a race that subdued a. con tinent, making paths through the trackless wilds, making blades of grass grow where NONE grew before, assur ing lift-, liberty and the pursuit of hap piness in every part of the North American republic of old, and now and henceforth »s long as the world ijpins luund the sun. PROSPERITY WHAT a magnificent record of prosperity is that which has just been achieved by the state of California, according to the clear- Ing house records! In the financial week Just ended the nine clearing house cities of California reported an Increase of 25.2 per cent over total clearings for corresponding period of last year. Total clearings of banks in nine cities amounted to $72,114,343, as compared with a total of $50,218,935 last year, MIS ANGELES, WITH A TOTAL OF $17,873,960, .■ il< IWJ .1 ' v . IN 1-- CREASE OP Evidences of the prosperity of Great er Los Angeles are abundant, Every branch of industry reports "good times." Business is excellent. Business prospects are splendid and the outlook for all who are financially or commer cially Interested In the future of Great er Los Angeles is most encouraging, and no doubt has something to do with the chronic optimism which character izes the most cheerful and courageous people In the world. The harbor of < Greater Los Angeles ,is opening now vistas of trade and commercial enter prise and achievement and providing new channels for the inflow of pros perity. Great and Fueerssful is Greater Los Angeles. Great and successful is the Greater Lioj Angeles way THE DUTY OF THE DEMOCRACY THE HERALD wishes again to Im press upon Democrats the great opportunity which faces our party at this election and whnt is necessary to be done in order to take advantage of this opportunity. There luis never been a time In the | history of California polities when the opposing party was so completely dis- j rupted as it is at the present time, j The control that the Southern Pacific | has exercised for many years pnst of the Republican party organization has at last heeomo so oppressive and j intolerable that the decent members of the party have determined to resent j it and to destroy it even at the cost. If necessary, of the temporary destruc- I tlon of the party supremacy in this ! state. Good Republicans who are bet- ! ter citizens have come to realize that j It is better to temporarily sacrifice i party supremacy, if necessary, in or- , der to destroy an evil which has prac- j tically destroyed the force of their party for good in the government of the state and its various political sub- | divisions. There Is just one way that the Dem ocratic party can take ailvn.ntn.RP of the political conditions of the prestnt time. That way will bo found by the party putting up for office only men of the highest character for both abil ity and integrity. Men of this sort must be chosen and must be nominat ed. If the right men, who will make the strongest candidates before elec tion and the best officers after elec tion, object t.> having their names used, they must be made by their fellow Democrats to understand that it is their duty both as good Demo crat* and as good citizens to permit their names to be used in this most critical and important period for both the party and the state. Let the Dem ocrats put none but good men on guard. Let them discourage every ob jectionable man who may desire to offer his name as a candidate, and even if such men insist on running, lei the party see that they are not nom inated; that they are not placed on the ticket, where they wil! he only a burden. It is not Indulging in unrea sonable optimism to hope and believe that if the Democrats in all their tick- ] ets. both state and county, nominat ed (or the coming election, shall put ! up men of known character for integ- j rity and efficiency, every candidate on their ticket who is opposed by an unworthy candidate upon the other ticket will most probably be elected. With such a reward for doing their duty to their party and their st:t'- t'i the fullest extent, the Democrats can afford to do only one thing, and that Is to nominate their best men for every office to be filled at the i omlng election. CO-OPERATION SO HIGHLY suecesfful is that form of co-operation known as the building and loan association that the convention, which «ill be opened In Lob Angeles today, represents assets ns.crrcpratins: more than $20,000,000. In the eight southern counties of the state there are twenty-nine Bssoclatlons, with assets of more than js.7nn.ooo: and \)\f last building and loan commlss'on ers' repori showed that the twenty-nine had gained more than $630,000 over last year's totals. No form of economic co-operation has been as successful ;:s the building loan association; perhaps for the sim ple and sufficient reason that mi other form of economic co-operation has re ceived the same fair and square trial, conducted with confidence In the merit r«f the plan that lias been limply | ! i by results. The question Immediately suggested is. would not economic co-operation along similar lines be equally success ful if applied (under prudent restric i to other departments of. activ ity? How many able men are there In this state (and every other state) who in the attempted accomplishment o r what would be a useful and profitable life work arc utterly baffled by the dif ficulty of capitalization. They find they have to surrender a major portion of the usufruct of their idea In order to get the benefit of any of it. Many of them balk at this, and you cannol blame them: because the i thli s of self sacrifice becomes dubious whin the self-sacrifice involves a wife and family. y.-t there can be no doubt that the community is deprived of the advan tage of many discoveries or business or other Ideas .if great merit because of the economic Inability of their origi nators to put them on the national market. A co-operative association which aimed at giving its members the business opportunity which Is surely the right of every deserving citizen might be as auccessful as the building and loan association, the theory and principle of which co-oper ation would illustrate In wider scope. GOOD ROADS BUNGLE MACHINE government has left Its mark on the county in the shape of highways that are a reproach to the great, rich county of LOi An geles. For th« disgusting and deplor able return made to the public that with royal, loyal good will voted funds (or good roads, the blame can be fixed without hesitation. A political ma that is Indifferent to the public welfare when not actually inimical to la responsible for the delay In good roads construction, as well as l"> the crazy and botchlfled character of work done. It is the duty of the good govern ment forces to replace Inefficiency with ncy, extravagance with economy and is with carefulness bad government with good government, In the county ■>• well as in the city, The county musl be officered and governed and administered In the LOS AN Gi3L.ES WAN. NOT THE MACHINE WAV. '■'•"■ thai and many other good mai sufficient reasons at the countj clci I i<m 11 of Hie Hon. Tvs Eldridgfl must be unrcgretfully, nay, entiiuflusticully dispensed. wit> LOS ANGELES HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 21, 3910. " * *' - - •* .'_! J ■Wtm^TTff^WlPP^*^! HOLLYWOOD WATER RATES T\ROBABILITY of reduction of rate I charged by Hollywood Union \Va *- ter company from $1.60 minimum to $1.25 may mean a court test; but consumers Rre already congratulating • ■:*■• li other on having won a moral victory, and established the foundn -1 justice of their claim tl<at they were being dlsi rlmlnated against to the li- tdvantage of Los Angeli •' beautiful ntiiii suburb. In its dispute with the public, tlio any has displayed a riegree "f ob stinate antagonism t>> the will and si fa re of the people that is unusual, oven for a corporation, it might have i thought, In face of a storm of public protest and a practlcallj unani mous opposition from aggrieved con sumers, there would have been a cor poratlonal tendency to make conces- Bui with what seems on the merits i the case to be singular fatuity, the ...ii!], any has maintained a position which morally is untenable and on a le gal appeal may be found to be Inse . ure. The consumers arc absolutely certain they are In the right; and btless the right will prevail. William J. Bryan's brief review of Iv- sident Taft is epigrammatic. The p, pular leader comes to the rescue oC the much attacked chief executive bj saying: "The main reason for crlt- I, |si i of !':■• gideni Tuft is that he was ! under a misunderstanding. The • •t believed him to be a radical; the east a conservative, He cannot be both." Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, who wishes to ,1 ate the graves of dead suffragists on Memorial day. is accused of a travesty on patriotism. So onlj graved containing male remains are esteemi i worthy of remembrance! What a I lenish Idea! Will there be male mi female persons in heaven? The definition of the new verb, "to Lawlerlse" it "to Balllngerlse," and ttie definition of the new verb "to Bal rlse" i> to "Lawlerlse." It Is a 1 r definition that cloesn'l work i»>th ! ways—ln which reaped a definition re sembles the famous lettei of vlndica- Glllett's highway scheme is opposed Iby the secretary of the California Good Roads association. lie says it has •en vital faults, if that be the n i better the community should discover the faults In time than find thi'tn out by experience. Presideni Tafl says his wife is "the real president of the United States. ' i it is* somewhat surprising to have his , xi ellency acknowledge it publicly. Mrs. T;.ft Is certainly a capable, clever, brainy woman. San Bernardino's hundredth anniver sary was marked by impressive religious ceremonial as well as secular celebra timi. Los Angeles day was one of the most successful days of the great cen t.nnial. The prime minister is anxiously wait ing to see what the new king thinks of his job. If he take it too seriously Mime history will be made in the next tew years. Street railway companies should not be allowed to destroy and neglect the street! ol lovely Los Ang«l#«. They must be made to do their duty. Let's wish Halley's comet bon voyage, anyway. It will be a long time before the sky pilot steers it earthward again. i arol brothers, carol! lien's another (jay, Let's be Jocund all the week; for that's the' Lob Angeles; way. if women persist in wearing large hats, men in self-defense will have to return to the Puritan steeple. Pity the Blind! State Press Echoes TRIUMPH OF PIRATES The rejection by the senate Judiciary com- ImUtec of thu ri appointment ol Robert T. Devlin a* L'nltcd States attorn?} for the <lt-- Hi : . r Northern California is km outi triumph of h 10l ._' Infl nl Imii.l thieves, aided by Senatnr TUlman of South Carolina, whose own skirts, II »\ih be remem bered, an Boiled with Plains of Implication In public land (tabbing Thai thesi wealthy .liriit.-- should liave been able to defeat Ui<* confirmation of a conscientious official Hkr- Devlin Is cm" of Hi. mosl nerloui reflections on the character of tlit? I'nlted States senate i i!uu has iel b <mi recorded. Chlcu Enterprise. ■ • BRAVE NEW YORKER The New York fireman who swung himself over the hot boiler of a fire engine into the empty sea) of the driver, who had been Jolted to his death, thus checking the hoist's and probably having the lives of several children, proved himself one of the heroes whom tin; fire departments of every city develop when the occasion demand?, Because of the nature of their calling, which requires quickness of action and presence of mind, ns well as phys ical bravery, flrrmen the country over are hl ways potential heroes.— Francisco Chron icle. —!— BEGGARLY ALLOWANCE By ii" me«n», For clvlllaati, n to ><;va I by and see her do it would be a blot "ii Its I i-dcutoheon. Let '<•' kind-hearted »nd the hu- In ihr L'nltcd States »t least pass ill" hat around and rescue this unfortunate di vorcee from .i humiliating fate. Pass it around twice. N- ■■■ man ran live on 11000 a and hiimanltj ahouM not i xi"" t It. p,«.nto I'm i. * MONEY PLENTY: RESULTS NIL With 1140,000 a year nt its command, and sixty salaried deputies. Chief Deputy Vogel sang of the state Hsli and game commission dues not think the commission ran prevent the unlawful rau-hliiß of small fish by the Chi ne* shrimp fishermen.—Oakland Enquirer. —•5* — TEDDY FAVORS LIMITATION At Chrliittanla ex-Pre.«lilenl noo»evelt spoke In favor of the limitation of armamnnts. He ■poke of the nee 1 of ••putting an end to the present costly an.l growlnß extt-avaisanep .if expenditure on naval armametits."—Morlesto i New*. LOS ANGELES WAY I The I-"-1 Angi'lex way la more simple, nvire. direct ami more pffleaclou«. Down there the tin not tolerate the knocker, and they make the way or the. drasr exceedingly difficult, often downright unprofitable. — San Franclaco News. —**!^- NEW MUCKRAKER I Ex-Senator Billy Mason's opinion that .scats I In the I'nitel States senate are linUßhl ought 1., make him Immediately eligible as a con tributor to some of the magazine: -Oakland Hnciulrer. ♦ ■ » Far and Wide ! FRENCH LEAD IN AEROPLANING -,■,„, i, Xl em destined to be the world's "bird men." They lead iri aeroplanlng, aa led :n the development of autumobil liik. Oermanj may till the air with military rllrlglblen, I'M- France will aoon have Hwarm- Ing clouds of. barking planes, tii America we have the Wrights and Curtliw: In France they havi nearly a iloscn Inventors whose mnchln ■ are or- the market. Cleveland Plain Dealer. —S— HIS MASTER'S VOICE ■■[ «iv in.i -i.in I it. Doyle, and I give you to know iiuit" plainly that If ii wasn't for iln years and. years that you have been In my employ you'd have (one lung ago."—London Opinion, LACK OF VENERATION ' An Egyptian godde«« was pawned for only 511 cents in New York. We can now believe all reports of the low Btate of religious feeling In that -Philadelphia Inquirer. —♦— OBJECT LESSON The (Iranii <>lil Party seem* to !»«■ having a object lenon In downward ravtaion ■ BprtngHeld Republican. -4 NEVER DONE Tiilkiuu about "II palntlngi, Mr, Rookefelltr lias never been •.lone" In oil ym. Wall si net Journal. LOOK OUT FOR IT .. Ii ihi« rial <Imiii;.-1 in the llalhy nim« -It may brtns tin- Huil'-y hat.—Atlanta Jour nal' ■»■ ON ROCKY ROAD The r«llroad bill In the lenate is imvcling on •» freight tchedul* New York World, THAT EASTERN SPRING Ptrhapa we hm. I ■ bl( overenthualaatlc about thia «prlng.—lndlanapolli New • LONESOMENESS How lonely ii will I"- in Europe -^without TeiMyl-i-'hieago Lull) News. V , Public Letter Box , TO CORHKBPONDENTB -Latter! Intended for publication must be accompanied hy the name and address or the writer. The HeralJ gives the widest latitude to correspondents, but assumes no responsibility for their views Letters must not exceed WO words. REPLIES TO C. F.'S REASONS FOR DENYING WOMEN VOTES SOUTH PASADENA, May 19— [Editor Herald]: In C. F.s contribu tion to the Letter Box he Hays: "Wo men act from heart love and affection| rather than from intellect and reason as men do"; and that "their Interfer em in politics tends more to stagna tion than progress." And he asks for an answer to questions he propounds based on the foregoing assumptions. So far, I think, there has been no answer, and for a very good reason. The only answer one can give Is that tile assertions are without foundation of facts, The first Impression received on read- Ing the article was that C. F. was simply joking, or repeating these old obsolete objections to woman's suf frage, to show their absurdity in view of continual evidence to the contrary. If. however, C. F. is in earnest he, or lie. certainly knows little of wo men as politicians. Had ''. F. attended women's con ventions In the interest of vital pub lic questions he would have known they could "plan." that they have, •is have men, heads, hearts, love, in terest and reason; that they discuss methods of work much more courteous ly and dispassionately than do men In their political conventions. C F gays, "Influence is power, ' yob, but there" is a choice as to means of ! securing power. Good works and an appeal to the heart and intelligence of men to secure co-operation In the up lift of humanity is the far better way. M. v. Ij. I SUGGESTS KITES TO REPLACE FIREWOhKS ON SANE FOURTH OCEAN PARK, May 18.-[Editor Herald]: Apropoi of a Bane Fourth, ,„! m view of the fnct thM our mayor win have the law rigidly enforced, our rlvlc federation* end local clubs are strenuously exerting themselves to promote an enjoyable ..d enthusiastic i,,,i B ai baervanra 'if our national holiday. Recently the children ot Lih \nK«'lPs werr etivfii an opportunity to exercise tholr Inven'.lve senlus In mak ing uvlatlon <\> vices, and on the day of demonstration appoared to enjoy themselves unusually well. I feel con fident they would enjoy making kites, balloons, lanterna Find anything that i would fly. In anticipation of a grand demonstration on the Fourth, with the , ondltlon that the national colors must predominate in -ill their creations, this would have the effect of stimulating their patriotism. They miKht be In- Btructed to name their devices after great heroes of patlonal repute, large i cities, etc. With the aid of their teachera, pn rents and other friends, their work might thus he made beneficial and In structive. On the Fourth they could assemble In suitable places for a day of celebration and enjoyment. Re freshments could be provided fftr them, and rewards given them for tljplr pro auctions fn the evenina they would find much pleasure in flying their lan trrnw, «s is done in foreign countries on occasions of festivals and celebra tions. THE CHILDREN'S KKIKNI"). NATURAL LAW, NOT PRAYER, BRINGS RAIN, SAYS J. C. C. I. (is ANGELES, May 1!).— [Editor Herald]: How lons is It going to take to wipe the cobwebs of superstition from the eyes of the American peo ple? it is not surprising that it still prevails In countries where church and state are united; where kings and po tentateH are supposed to be anon I ted with the divine petroleum; but in a country where absolute tolerance pre vails, where one can think as he pleases and profess what his reason dictates, where he is not restricted by fixed and established rules of any church, II does seem strange that one will cling to the superstitious nonsense of past ages. If there is one fact thoroughly estab lished it is this: That everything in nature la governed by fixed and Immu table natural law. Admitting this fact, how foolish it is for one to try to change those laws by, prayer and gup. plication. And yet we hear of thou sands of people praying for protection from comets, I earthquake*. . tornadoes and other natural phenomena. A few c years ago the churches of Los Angeles I Free Express Delivery Is an Attempt to Head Off the Attacks on Rates A GREAT many people hftve dqjjbt less been pleased with the nn nouneemont recently made that the limits of "free delivery" of express package* in this city would be fjrently extended. Presumably they have been extended in oilier cities. l.ct no one, however, Imagine that this extension la voluntary. It is an attempt of the companies to hend off attacks on ex press rates, which the owners of the companies see will he formidable. The movement ii led by the merchant* 1 as social ion in New York and is being harked up i>y commercial organlsa tions throughout the country. The basil of the complaint Is an an alysis of'the accounts of the express companies by a professional account ant employed by the New York. asso -1 elation, In substance, the. conclusions are these: 'Transportation costa the express companies. nothing except the ! wages of the express messengers. The railroads provide the «nn,ulpnient and carry the express matter usually for .me-hair the receipts. The shippers virtually provide the working capital In the prepayments which are made. At any rate., it is all net cash busi ness. But some working capital la properly allowed, for the investment in teams and wagons for terminal ser vico is, of course, pretty large. But Cincinnati Has a Private Preserve Devoted to Care of Wild Birds 1 THROUGH the generosity Of Mrs. Emery, the Queen City Is to have the only private bird preserve in I the United States. Mrs. ffimery has do nated ii tract of land in Clifton for the purpose, and has turned it over to the keeping of Prof, Benedict of the biology department of the university. The site, beeati.se of its many natural advantages, Its shrubs, wild flowers and trees, constitutes an Weal place for birds to congregate. The littio feathered brothers of tne air win find here every condition the most exacting taste could require. I' is t,. be a "city of refuge" where the tree-top chorus can enjoy life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness In abso lute security from the marauding fe line and the predatory small boy. Birds, for all their shyness, are KO clable little creature*, and enjoy the Long Suffering Americans Must Pay for Many Luxuries for U. S. Senators lIOLLOWING arc ■■< few of the mis- cellan'eous Items of expenditure for surplus luxuries and conveni ences for United Btates senators which the government recently paid: Thirty one cases llihia water, *i:M: piil< mentholated couch drop*, witch hazel, bromo seltaer and hair brushes, $81.20. Dixie Bpring water, $40.30. our hundred and sixteen caeca of Appollnartfi water, $1461, Forty-nine cases of splits, $41ti..'0. Lather brushes and shaving mugs, SIV4.V Thirty cases spring water, flfty-ona canes Poland water, twenty-ono cases of Chlppewa water. Jliml.T:!. Hearst Calls Himself the Rising and Roosevelt the Setting Sun in Politics ff] UK well known modesty of the Hearst papers has not interfi n <i -■- with their publication of the fol lowing, received "by cable to New > ork, and by leased "ire, the longest In the world": ■ LONDON, May 14.—Much interest is ex, ited in political circles by the news that William 1' indolph Hearst an.l Theodore Roosevelt will arrive in Lon don next week. Without going so far as to indorse the saying, that it was were earnestly cnKURed in prayer toi rain in consequence of a Ion;; drought as though the laws of nature could be suspended for their special benefit. Some people don't seem to under stand the fact that rain is formed by the -same natural law that governs everything else in nature. The vapor r is ( .s in the form of clouds ami a wafted over the earth hy the winds and is condensed by cold currents and falls to earth again by the natural law of gravitation and Roes back to its original channels to be converted, and the same process has been going on for endlesa a^es. There is nothing supernatural about it. The supernat ural is based largely on Ignoranc natural" law. which to my mind a< counts for the hold the religious world has on the minds of the people. H. C. OCULIST OFTEN SOLVES PROBLEMS IN SUN SPOTS Los A.NGELES, May 19, [KHtor Herald I 1 wish to ask the readei -ol The Herald if they noticed any spots while looking at the sunset May 18. When 1 looked it first appeared a large .<i>ot ol brownish hue. The longer i looked ii appeared to assume b redder 1 glow. Thinking it must be an illu sion nf the eye I looked In a different place, but still we«t. This time there were three spots Instead of one. They were grouped like the balls over c pawn whop, only tii»'% were larger and Bat. 1 then turned ray attention to my sup per. When i looked again they were still there, Bortetlmea one, sometimes in groups. As my husband said I" 1 could not see them I thought my eye« were cci in inly defective. I have not Been them since the sun went down. In seeing The Herald about the spots on the sun which answer so much tny description 1 wondered If they "ere really reflected on the sky or If others saw "them. MRS. WILLIAMS. 6601 South Flgueroa street. SAYS NO EFFORT TO HAVE GOVERNMENT GIVE LANDS LOS AXGELKS, May JO. [Editor Herald |: 1 would like to make some suggestions regarding Palo Verde lands. No effort is beiriß made, ho lar as 1 know, to Induce the government to live any land to the state of California or any one else. It is our claim that under the. act or congress passed In IXSO California be come the owner of all land williln its borders covered and uncovered by the tides by the overflow of rivers and lakes, and land that was naturally uwampy and renulre.l reclamation or drainage work to prepare it for habil ation and cultivation. There is a wiM provision in the law ISnn FTancKoo ChronleU) the money which tho express compa nies take In for the benefit of their own treamiry In Folely for terminal services and tho pay of express mes sengers. The conclusion of the ac countant ts thnt upon tho capital act ually and necessarily employed in tho express business the earnings have ranged from 42 to 11R per cent per an num. A tul out of tbeso exorbitant ex press chnrßes hns been Rot the money for the great hnnks and real estate In vestments of the companies, The lon ger the distance tho ureatpr tho iniqui ty, For carrying; 100 pounds from Yonkers to New York an express com pany, after pny/liiß the rnilronil for transportation, wts about 26 cents for its terminal nnrt messenger service. For carrying tho same package to San l'rincisco the company would get $7.r>S. the service rendered In the two cases belnff absolutely Identical ex cept for the payment of tho mossen gen for some days Instead of a couple of hours. The proposition of the New York Merchant*' association In that the entire basis for express charges shall he considered by tho interstate commerce commission and new rates nxed which shßll equalize payments for terminal service In nil cities and yield only a fnlr commercial rate of Inter est on capital actually and necessarily employed in the express business. (Cincinnati pud stir and bustle of a human city. From B convenient twig they like to peer over the .shoulder of the amateur gar dener as he spades his plot, often un earthing many ft plump worm In the j process, Wore It not for prowling cats and Young America eager to collect eggs, the birds could settle down In comfort almost anywhere. There Is no doubt ! that we are i great deal better and happier for their presence, for a world > without birds and flowers would bo ' like a world without children or sun shine. In this notable era of conservation and of husbanding our natural re | Konurceß, there should certainly bo some provision for saving the birds. Aside from the moral effect they have and the Inspiration that they bring, they are actually worth their weight in I gold to the farmer and gardener. cVnHojo Tlme»> t me barrel of Perfection soap, »47.95. For taxicab service, taking senators home from sessions. $71.10. For carriages,- taking senators home, $35. For winding senate clock, $40. Four and a half gallons alcohol, $13.65. For Washington directory "Who a Who" and other books, $448.25. For patent leather paste elite shoe polish, blacking brushes, $27.54. Wluit <lo<« the wage-earner, who Is taxed almost 71 ppr cent on his hat, coat and shirt, think of these expendi tures? And day by day we are adding new burdens to the already overburdened taxpayers. (Sacramento Bee) I interesting to see the rising; and the 1 setting sun at the same time from the meridian of London, there is no doubt thai the political importance of Mr. Hears! as a factor in American politics is much more generally recognized in London today than It has ever been In fore." "It Is to laugh." What could be funnier to well in formed Americans than thus to liken Hearst to the rising and Roosevelt the setting sun? thnt land the United States government hns suld. or Is in process of selllnK. shall not bo disturbed by the grant of ]Nf>o, so there could be no chance of disturbing the title to land already ac quired from the government; but on the other hand, should it be proved that the lands of the Palo Verde valley are not subject to overflow and are not within the classification of lands that wore covered by the grant of 1850, then the lands that the state has sold as overflow lands might be Jeopardized and open fur settlement under the des ert and homestead acts; for If thn state did not obtain title to the land lawfully, it could filve no title. If, however, the lands sold by the state are overflow landp, then all the lands between the mesas are state lands, as they are identical in every respect. It mlsht be that the main source of op position is Inspired by parties owning or promoting a water scheme by ■which they hope to compel settlers' to pur chase water rights at $25 an acre, and an annual tax of $4 or »5 more. Such a scheme might be worked If the land Is occupied by settlers, but would not be tolerated under state ownership. J. H. L. ASTRONOMERS FORGOT EFFECT OF SHORT CURVE, SAYS C. U. W. POMONA.I May 20.—[Editor Herald]: The astronomers made a mistake as to the comet's tail. Kor this we will tfor ni\e them. If comets came oftener such mistakes would not bo made. But the astronomers were all excited and • forgot that it Ih habitual with a cora i et'H tail to bend as the comet makes i its short curve at perihelion. At that ! point the comet, is too nwift for the end ■ Of its tall. SO ii «cts behind and causes the tail to curve. This time the curve was not noticeable to the eye, because, the comet was in too direct line with the sun. Had It been more to the north or south we could have seen the curve. My private opinion of the tail Is that It is the high tide of the comet, and the only tide it has. C. U. W. NOT WORRIED ■I. -|-| ii i.vcr make you unhappy to see the nay thn papers refer to your husband as a **"It UHI to, liut I il.in'i let It bother me any more Ho nays he lias tliingn flxad so that he coulrl ntanrt nny kind of an investigation." — Chicago necorii-llenilil. NEWSPAPER CRITICS "You can't run a newspaper that will abso lutely pleaso Bvtrybooy," palil the editor. "No," replied the old •utaierlp«r; "a man a opinion of tho fathlon page la usually pretty inn, I, the worn tut his wife's opinion o( th« porting «ectlon."-Wa»blngton Star.