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Los Angeles Herald ISSUED KVF.RV MORXISO BY .^ TIIK HKKA_» CO. THOMAS K. omnoN, ■ .-:.. ITesldent «nil Eiilor. Entered oa second class matter at the postofflce. In Los Angeles. UI.DKST MOBNISO I'AI'KR IN MIS ANGKI.KS. . FoondeH Oct. 1, 1878. Tlilrt»-«lxth T'*r . Chamber of Commerce Building. . Phones—Sunset Main 8000; Bom* 10211. The only Democrats newspaper In South ern California receiving full . Associated Press reports. ' _«__ — — NEWS BBRVICB>—Kimbw of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 28.000 words a (lay. ■"■ 'RATES OF SUDSCHIPTION WITH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mall or carrier, a month.....* M Daily! by mall or carrier, three months. 1.60 .Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. ..... Dally, by mall or carrier, one year 5.00 Sunday Herald, one year ■■■■■ - ••' Postage free In United States ami Mexico, elsewhere postage added. THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND— Angeles and SoUtri era California visitors to Pan Francisco^ and ■Oakland will find The Herald on B-la at the news stands In the Ban Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland bs Wheat ley and by Amos News 10. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can bo seen at the office, of our English representa tives, Messrs. E. and .1. Hardy ft Co.. 30. SI and 82 Fleet street. London. Eng and. free of charge, and that. firm will be glad to re ceive news, subscriptions and advertise ments on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles n. Gates, advertising man ager. _^ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, crisp and clean AT THE THEATERS AmiTOßirM—Dark. BKLABCO —"The Dollar Mark." BI'RBANK "Paid in Full" •GRAND —"The Parish Trlest." LOS ANGEI.KS —Vaudeville. MAJESTIC —Jamn K. Hlckett. MASON —Dnrk. OLYMPIC—Musical farce. OKTIIEVM —Vaudeville. PRDtCBSS —Musical fare. Jf you are a voter, sign the light ref erendum petition. No matter how many ballots are cast, the vote promises to be "light" on June 30. Stewart and Whiffen have promptly adopted 7-cent electricity as one of their campaign slogans. Not to be outdone in the march of progress, Colorado has brought out a bribery scandal of her own. Let the citizens express their wish as to the lighting rates, and the city officials will abide by this decision. The Columbia professor who has been sued for breach of promise seems to be in a regular Harry Thurston Peck of trouble. Pinchot still says nothing, and his silence is a heap more disquieting to his enemies than if he would tell what he is thinking about. If Wall street dislikes that railroad bill so much, It is rather good evi dence to a lot of other folks that it has some merit in It. The government has decided to wash its germ-infested money, We have therefore changed our minds, and will accept a few rolls of It. Kaiser "Wilhelm finds $3,925,000 hardly enough annual salary. It Is a rather beggarly sum to keep twenty-six do mestic establishments going. An exchange says it would not lie surprising if some aviator Hies from New York to Pan Francisco. Not if he has been there, unless it be to pass through on his way to Los Angeles. A vote for Barney Healy and Doc Houghton for council will be generally construed as a vote to let corporations tin what they please in the matter of prti c for domestic service of any kind. Charges having been filed In the sen ate against the Hon. Mr. Lorimer, v,e shall be favored with something from that worthy gentleman besides his in vective. i> hlch somehow was not very convincing. Miss Llrna Dinkey-Mock, niece of Charles m. Schwab, eloped from Hryn Mawr college to many Titus de Bo bula. We can't Maine the gir] for wanting another name, but couldn't ihe do better than that? Latest rurrior is that Senator Perkins intends to retire at the nd of his term. it would be more correct to say that the people an about to assist Senator Perkins to retire, and he has probably gathered a suspicion of the fact. If you &re not a voter, don't sign the Municipal league's referendum peti tion. No matter how praiseworthy your desire to swell the list, you will only put the league to the trouble of seeking out your name, expunging it, and perhaps finding another to take its place. Voters only are wanted. You can do your part by finding them and vetting- them to sign. UP TO THE VOTER SIMItiIA slmlllbus curnntur—like cures like. This Is the philosophy of MRyor Alexander, who proposes to cure the UKhtlng companies' bad at tack of referendumltls with ■ serum of the same stuff. The corporations that sought to pervert a wisp and useful agency for popular expression and make it a. means of suspending an ordinance distasteful to them are "hoist with their own petard," nnfl find themselves facing a situation that could hardly be less promising for them. For if they had. Instead of using obstructive tactics, carried their case with entire candor before the. people, there was a chance that the ordinance reducing the price of light from 9 to 7 cents per kilowatt hour might have been amended through popular belief that substantial Justtre would most likely be »dono by splitting' the differ ence and fixing the rate at say 8 cents. But Instead of such cand.or the public Is apt to see In the methods of the companies a repetition of the kind of warfare that has been too often char acteristic of American corporations In recent years, causing a distrust and hostility for which they alone are to blame. If the public, swayed more or less hy prejudice, shall now vole a 7-cent rate, the companies will have played their last card and will have no re dresß.- They will then admtt that they made a tactical blunder In using the referendum machinery for a purpose never intended, merely With the in tention of postponing a reduction in prices for a Short while. Corpnration managers ought to know by this time that the public wishes them no ill. but that on the other hand it Will not brook any attitude on their p:\rt that assumes a freedom from re sponsibility to the people who created them and the people's constituted au thorities. A highly intelligent com munity like I.os Angeles could have been appealed to in frankness. with solid argument. With absolute certainty of fair dealing. It therefore passes the understanding of the man in the street why the managers of a public utilities business should adopt an atti tude such as they epitomized in their letter to the mayor. The voter will now. have the oppor tunity—and it Is his duty—to pass on the question whether the lighting rate in Los Angeles shall be 9 or 7 cents. He Will not be able to go into the tech nical phases of the question, perhaps, but he will be guided in his decision in the relative confidence he has in Mayor Alexander, the public utilities board, the council and the companies involved. It must he slid that the last-named factor In the contest has not .strength ened popular confidence by its doings of late. Bu! it may, after all, have done a public service in introducing Into the June 30 election an enlivening clement without which there seemed likely to be an apathy dangerous to the best interests of the city. FIRST AGAIN Once more Los Angeles, already first in a score of Important things among American cities, is to take the lead and point the way for other communities. It is announced that the first American trackless trol ley Is to be Inaugurated in Ivaurel can yon to carry passengers from an estab lished street car line up into the moun tain vales where a track line is not yet feasible. Trackless trolleys have been known for some years In Europe, chiefly in France and Germany. American con sular reports have said they arc popu lar and successful, and have proved a useful adjunct to other means of trans portation. In brief, th<- trackless trol ley i* really an omnibus service with elei trlcal propulsion. The difference be tween it and the system with which we are familiar is that there is no track. Cood roads are the first essential to the success of the trackless trolley, which explains why it has been pos sible in Europe and little considered on this side of the world where, untH the last few years. Christendom's most wretched highways were to be found. A second essential is width of road. It must be wide enough to iet th< bus have tin' right of way under the wire. The saving in cost over the ordinary trolley Is so apparent as to need no comment. Given these essentials there does not seem to be any good reason why the trackless trolley should not be a paying Investment in the most populous parts of Southern California, where we are now building good roads, it' the Lauri 1 canyon enterprise succeeds its ada;>t abllity to many real estate opportuni ties in tills region is obvious. MORE LAMENTATIONS Tin: pour oil] Pullman company, which cannot afford to pay its porters living wages and depends on the public to support tin in with tips, is in court fighting against the order of tt.e interstate commerce com mission to mak«s a slight redui tion in its tariff for upper berths in sli ■ pels. The Pullman com pan) lia.s paid an nual dividends ranging from 20 to no per cent to its shareholders for years back, and last winter It "cut a melon" for them by distributing- a 110,0 stock dividend out of the surplus It had piled up. Prom 1599 to 1008 the Pullman com pany paM its shareholders in dividends the sum of $51,665,848, which amounts to a 500 per cent dividend on its orig inal capital stock of $100,000. But it now feels that it would be great In justice to make it take about 50 cents a night off the charge for climbing up a ladder and sleeping In a bunk With nc ventilation. In every quarter, both in and out of' California the air is filled with the lamentations oil the public utilities cor poration*, waning that their liberties are being trampled under foot and their vested rights confiscated by a heartless public It is enough to move the stoniest hearts, but somehow it doear " LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 10, TOIO. ' *^^^j-"^jn^BdHWiS^s^^^^H ||^Mc^^jC^^^^*^^^^^^^S^s^'*^r^'T^^^^J /Tv 4*4l^ fVC GOOD GOVERNMENT' HIRAM JOHNSON'S energetic ram -vning. the undoubted slncerit) of the man and the true ring to his speeches are having their effect. Crowds are greeting him everywhere. His addresses ire not the .perfunctory affairs of his ri\ mls. who fear to speak out on the one great issue of the times, but are always pungei>t and often trenchant. He is earning a reputation for clever political epigrams. Up- in San Francisco Wednesday night at a great mass meeting he said that only one city or town or hamlet in the state was complaining of poor business, and that was San Francisco, ■How long will it take you business men to learn that good business and good time go hand In hand with good rnment?" he asked. The crowd of 8500 cheered this sentiment to the echo. Over in Pasadena Mr. Johnson coined one of his best epigrams: "Wf are not seeking to put the Southern Pacific rail road ">it of business but out of jtoll tlcs." This is the whole campaign in a kernel. At San Francisco the Good Govern ment candidate for governor paid this compliment to the Angel city: ■ Comt'ig from the seat of good government In California, where they have blazed the way for us to follow, I bring you this message of cheer from Los Angeles. This move ment In that county, where last weeh the registration had already reached 86.000, will receive moi-e votes than all the others put to gether. The first opportunity Los Angeles will have to live tip to this reputation j and cheer the forces that are trying to redeem California from corporation thralldom will lie on June 30. See that they arc not disappointed. THE MEXICAN FICTION AMERICANS who have never known any government but their own find it hard to believe that there ! is another "republic" to the south of | us where a campaign for' the presi j rloncy is eoing on with one of the ! for the highest office in a prison cell. Just fancy Judge Taft or Colonel Bryan behind the bars in the last campaign of our own, and you have a picture of the situation in Mexico today. Of course Porflrio Diaz is one of the candidates. Almost from time out of mind General Diaz lias held the office and sought re-election to it. He has grown fabulously wealthy, rich and mighty to a degree that few rulers in the history of the world have grown. From tiiii t.i time rumors have come out of Mexico that Diaz' troops have i bo m a prominent feature of all elec tions, that tli.- only ballots they take the trouble to count after the "elec tion" i:- over are tiiose for Diaz, and that it Is not good for the- health of anyone i ;.-• but himself to seek the popular suffrage. John Kenneth Turner Bald some harsh thinga rec ntly of the brand of civilization found by him In Mexico, and b chorus of Indignant denials ac companied the ' ti'.rts of Interested parties'' through uu te department and otherwise, t" suppress his state ments. People in'iv left In some doubt, perhaps, as to how much truth there was In his stricture! on a state that has been said by some to be the most advanced in freedom and culture of the Latin-American nations. The arrest at Monti rey un Sunday night last nf Francesco 1. Madero, who is Diaz' opponent for the presidency, is therefore Illuminating. He has .sine.' 1,.-. v formally declared a prisoner, and has declined the privilege of defense on the ground tllat lll! llilH "" '■llth '" justice there at this time, which latter fact is a highly significant matter. The fiction of a Mexican "republic" obtains in the school books and the imagination of those to whom that has only the American meaning, As a matter of faot, the D>nz military dictatorship, in the parlance of the street, lias the Nicholas autocracy ill Kussiu. backed, off the boards. "He Never Even Stopped!" Merely in Jest f MOTHER GOOSE REVISED Sing a song of aeroplanes Whizzing in the sky. Four and twenty blackbirds Killed on tha its-. ■ When the chef had browned them They were not fit to sine Hut they made a dainty dish ,To set before the kin*. — Chicago News. READY TO DO HIS PART . An eccentric country squire agreed to employ an equally eccentric rustic to rid his mansion of its plague of | flies, the terms being board, lodging ; ! and beer for three days. At the end of this period there were I j more flies than ever, and the squire ! i interrogated his new employe thus: "Why ever haven't you made a start? You contracted to kill all the flies." "I'm waiting for you, guvnor," re torted the wily rustic; "you've got to catch 'em first. I only promised to kill 'em."—London Daily News. . FRIGHTENED OFF A Washington car conductor, born in London and still a cockney, has suc ceeded In extracting- thrills from the alphabet—imparting excitement to the | names of the national capital's streets. On a recent Sunday morning he was calling the streets thus: "Haitch!" "High!" "Jay!" "Kay!" "Hell!" At this point three prim ladies picked up their prayer books and left the car. —Lippincott's. ASTONISHING A lady sitting by an open window listening to the katydids. A choir re hearsing in a near-by church. A gen tleman stopping in front of the window to speak. He (referring to the choir)— They are making a good deal of noise tonight. She (Referring to the katydids)— Yes; and do you know it is claimed they do it with their hind legs.—Circle Mag azine. Far and Wide HOW </£KY SAD How Immeasurably sad it is to look upon the bright. Binding faces of the Innocent, happy little children of today and think that seventy-five years hence they will be telling their grandchildren and great-grandchildren how they saw Halleys comet in 1910 and what a bril liant spectacle it was in the western sky.—Springfield (Mass.) Union. -4— CHURCH ACCESSORIES According to a New York preacher, "churches should have press agents." Perhaps so. Occasionally, too, a little religion and spirituality do a church no harm.—Boston Advertiser. GOOD FOR MARIE! Marie Doro is going to leave the stage, she says, "because she's not an actress." She's the first volunteer of that kind in the world's history.— Cleveland Leader. CATCHING UNCLE JOE "A college education is not necessar ily fatal to success," says I'nclo Joe Cannon. Neither is being speaker of the house of representatives. — Ship* pensburg News. MAKING MARKET UNSTEADY Considering the racl that Hetty Green has lost a $sfiO law suit, Wall street is no more feverish and panicky thnn is to he expected.—Anaconda Standard. A FIXTURE An exchange Bay* Speaker Cannon "la on the list of immortals." That being the case, he'll never resign.— Bpringfleld Republican. • . THEN AND NOW I knew her when her eyes were bright, Ami her Oheolu were a thrublilng reil; Whin her rhefkn. wouli Hush with a k"'-n delight * At th^ least little word I said. I knew her then when her silken hair Would catch every sunlight ray: When her vole* was as sweet as she waj fair, (1 loved her then with a mad despair) This maid nt a bygone day. I know her now after fourscore years Have furrowed her haughty brow, Quite changed, 'tis true, but she still appears More fair to m«. an,l her emllo (till cheers And o! how 1 love her now, • —W. Dayton Wcgcfarth. Public Letter Box DESCRIPTION OF MAN HUNT • WORTHY OF SAVAGERY ONLY [Editor Herald]: In the mountains oast of San Luis Oblspo more than a hundred armed men are engaging in the delicious occupation of a man hunt. The fugitives are two lads who wounded a town marshal when he at tempted to arrest them on suspicion, and subsequently sawed their way out of jail. They are said to have many ' friend* and their pictures, as pub ! lished in the Examiner of June 8, were I decidedly attractive. This man hunt ia played up In to day's Examiner as if it wore a. matter of enormous importance, Mr. Robert Yost, "the staff correspondent, accom panying the posse," straining every energy to give his readers a blood curdling pen picture of the grim pur suers nursing their guns for the ex pected fusillade. I direct attention to his account of the wounded marshal, who is among the pursuers. It runs in part as follows: "Throughout the long day Rude'l fingers never left the butt of his black gun. Sixty miles they rode over the trail and through the brush of a June sun. All the while the man on the back trail panted with the heat. His eyes turned toward the silver thread of water in the canyon bed where the black shadows of the death guns waited." This. I suppose, is considered line. In reality—to my mind at least—the scene presented depict! degeneracy of the worst possible type; blind, brutal, absolutely ravage revenge, that car ries us back directly to the cave man. It is absolutely unworthy of any na tion with the least pretensions to -civ ilization, and justifies the anything but tlattfring esteem In which this country is beginning to be held by Europe. WILLIAM C. OWEN. Los Angeles, June 9. R. N. REPLIES TO CRITICS REGARDING TRUTHS OF BIBLE [Editor Herald): Replying to W. H. Stewart's question, "Will U. N, kindly say who is to he the infallible inter preter "f the Bible, and from whom or where he derived his authority?" Cer tainly from the Bible. "When the spirit of truth shall come he will guide you into all truth." I understand the spirit of truth to be Uod. How shall we know? Jesus says, "If any man will do his will he shall know of the doc trine whether it be mine, or his that sent me." Besides he mentioned cer tain signs or proofs that Would follow them that believe. Murk 16:1.. Per sonal opinion amounts to nothing; truth alone is capable of demonstration. C. F. is so utterly illogical and gro tesque that he hardly deserves atten tion. In one breath commending the reproof of materialists, and arguing to substantiate the material conception of creation, calling Adam (a matter made imitation of spirit, truth i, "the spiritual race," C. F. never saw the image of (iod; the man 3od made dwells in the bosom of the father and his type knows no evil. • How many of our self-instructed the ologians comprehend the term infinity or believe in it? Jesus said, "There is none good but Qod," and he is infinite, therefore no evil can exist to the con sciousness of (iod, Good. He Is omni present, therefore there Is no other presence, notwithstanding the claim of an evil presence; for the Bible teaches that "The light shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehendeth it not." This suggests the thought of the ever presence of Qood, although to human sense it seemeth otherwise, "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father In heaven is perfect. R. N. Ocean Park, June 9. R. N.'S MILLENNIUM WILL COME WHEN MEN CEASE TO THINK [Editor Herald]: In your Issue of the sth inst. It. N. sounds the keynote of the millennium when he says, "when mortals learn to quit thinking evil it will have no place." Let us apply this great truth to our everyday lives. When citizens and police quit thinking about burglaries and attacks on women.' such evils will ease. When farmers and sheriffs quit thinking about horse thieves there will be no more horses .stolen. When passengers and engineers quit think ing about broken rails, misplaced switches and head-on collisions there will lie no more railroad accidents, and when the public and the tax COl lectors quit thinking about taxes there Will be no more taxes to pay.' Qod ■need the day when we all quit think ing a THINKER. Ventura, Cal., .June 9. The Attorney General of the U. S. OUT of the mass of revelations in the last few days of the Ballinger investigation, out of the five, thou sand pages of printed testimony, fol low this short and simple, sequence— and if any student of American his tory remembers anything to match it, let us know: Olavls Was an obscure young gov ernment employe i he addressed a Tor mal communication to the president of the United States, charging that his superior, Mr. Balllngrr, was expedit ing the transfer of valuable lands to the Guggenheim*. Tuft rend the charges. He 1 consulted Ballinger and, Wlckersham. Then he flipped Glavla off like a fly from his sleeve; to Bal llnger he gave that ponderous, swcop' ing letter of exculpation and Indors mont, Intended to bo a permanent seal of sanctity, to refute all present charges against Ballinger and make future ones Impossible—such a docu ment as. a man hands down to his grandchildren. (This was on Septem ber 13—bear the day In mind, for In disentangling the truth from this mass of suppression and evasion exact dates are Important.) Then Taft went Ills august way nmoiiK the people, on that two montliß' Journey of defense and glorification of Aldrlch, Tawney and the tariff. By every law, the Ballinger episode was finished, settled, closed. Glavls ought tO have crawled off to his quiet cor ner in obscurity; but the injustice dune him found him "owerful friends; his side of the cane WU presented to the public; the wheels that Would finally grind out the truth were slowly beginning to revolve; the people re fused to accept the president* word; finally congress met, and on a day in December the senate passed ;i resolu tion calling upon the president to fur nish to the senate these things: "Any reports, statements, papers or documents upon which he acted in reaching his conclusions." Now this requisition from the senate laid a heavy and embarrassing duty upon the attorney general of the United States, for it was lie upon whom the president had relied for a review of the charges against (llavis. The president, when, on September LSi he wrote the letter exculpating lUI -linger, did hnve before him some "re ports, statements, papers and docu ments." "which he acted upon In reaching his conclusions." But. look- Ing backward after three months. Hal linger and Wickersham felt that.these reports find documents would not bear public scrutiny. One of them—the most important, indeed—they were not willing to let the senate or the public see. for It was the original draft of Taffs own letter, but written by the hand of Balllnger's friend'and sub ordinate, Lawlpr, written by the one man against whom Olavis hHd male specific charges; aside from this, such Trade Between U. S. and Panama TRADE between the United States and the Republic of Panama will exceed $22,000,000 in the fiscal year which ends this month, and for the seven years since tho Republic of Panama came into existence will ap proximate $100,000,000. About nine tenth.q of this total, speaking in very round terms, ia merchandise exported from the United States to Panama und BbOUt one-tenth merchandise imported Into the country from that republic. Even these figures do not nlwivv the grand total of merchandise sent from the United States to Panama during this period, since such portion of the supplies for the Panama canal and those engaged in its construction U were not included In the figures reach ing the bureau of statistics of the de partment of commerce and labor, by which this statement of trade with Panama Is reported. Just what pro portion of the merchandise sent to Panama has been for use in the con struction of the canal cannot be def initely determined, though the Brit ish minister at Panama recently ani mated that about one-fifth of the total imports of the republic were for the commissaries of the canal zone, ap proximately two-fifths for canal sup plies and the remaining two-fifths for general use. The trade with Panama has steadily grown and the figures of both Imports and exports for the fifcCal year 1910 will exceed those of any earlier year. In 1904 the earliest fiscal year for which figures have been presented by the bu reau of statistics, imports from Pan ama were valued at $440,747. By 1905 they had grown to $1,065,887, and in 1909 were $1,676,994. Meantime exports to the republic show an even more iniml growth, having advanced from $079 74 in 19U4 to $12,460,280 in 1906 and 118.787.680 in 1900. In the nine months ending with March, 1910. imports were $1 590,048, against $1,139,483 In the cor responding period Of the preceding fiscal year, and exports $iri.303,58u. against 112,506,807, indicating that for the complete fiscal year which will end June 30 next the Imports from the isth- Making Principles Unpopular THE popular demand for a practical reciprocal demurrage law, the passage Of which up to the last ■esslon of the legislature, the machine had puoceeded In preventing, was too great last year even for the railroad to ignore. So after some preliminary resistance on the part of machine sen ators, and tinkering with the original measure, a •reciprocal demurrage" law was passed. Curiously enough, it Is now known that Jere Burke, the Southern Pacific lobbyist, was consult ed on the amendments made, to the bill, which were accepted by its au thor, Senator Miller of Kern. One of the amendments provided that a shipper holding cars beyond a stated period should be charged $6 a day for every car so held, "$5 de murrage and *1 rent," while the rail road company that failed to deliver cars as «peclfled should be charged *v a day only. And the railroads have the manipu lation of the cars. They can, for example, run loaded cars on a side track near their desti nation, hold them until their client is unable to unload, and then rush the cars upon him. Under, this and simi lar arrangements they have no diffi culty In running up evcesslve demur rage charges. And the railroads are putting de murrage charges "all over" the, ship pers and importers of California. Kven now the demurrage law has become a most unpopular measure among those whom it was Intended to protect. The shippers are clamoring fov its repeal. The railroad People are laughing at them. In their manipulation under a (Collier 1! Weekly) "reports, statements, papers or docu ments" as the president had "acted upon In reaching his conclusions" were scarce and fragmentary and would not. In the eyes of the senate or the public, Justify those conclusions. night here came the temptation to the grosser forms of moral turpitude; it is not 1 an uncommon situation; every man In the course of a lifetime may find himself confronted with it. They could have been frank and candid; could havo sent to the senate what documents they had, and bared their heads to sin censure as might follow probably It would not have been se vere. Hut they did not. What they did was this: Wlekershnm sat down at his desk; ho wrote, a docu ment which makes ninety printed pages (It took him three weeks to do It); It took up air the (ilnvls charges and met them, and It ended with the statement that Gliivia' charges (murk the present tense—(Mavis, when Wlckersham wrote these words had been dismissed three month*) "are to unjust and unfounded as to merit his Immediate separation from the service." '-*»■-' Having finished this document Wlck ereham searched backward through his calendar for the appropriate date, and wrote at the top: "September It, 1909." Then he signed it "rieorgc W. Wlrker sham, attorney general," addressed it formally to "The President," and sent it to the senate as one of the documents upon which the . president had "acted In reaching his conclusions." Here was a plausible document cunningly con trived to look as If the attorney general had laid It before the president two days before the president wrote his September 13 letter. Omit for the present—lnteresting story though It Is the Internal evidence In this document, adroitly conceived and elaborately executed though it was, wnli h gave Mr. Brands*i the clew to its falsity. "There Is In almost every kind of crime." says Whnrton, "a swelling of the upper coll, which shows the sub terranean road which the criminal traveled, ft would seem as If it were a germinal element of guilt thnt it ein not work without such memorials." Omit, also, the details of Ihe long four months of perjured resistance to Bran dell' efforts to confirm or disprove his appalling suspicions resistance which began with timid shuffling and ended with the angry bellowing of men pushed to the corner and In the wrong. All that was the natural sequence of the original situation—lt duplicates the- DreyfUl case: first, an injustice to an honest subordinate, then suppression of the facts in order |,i Justify that In justice; then, from suppression and evasion to direct affirmation of what are not the facts. In a necessary and easy step. But omit all thnt. It Is fre quent and usual, Hut for you. reader, here Is the important reflection: If you ever found yourself In an embarrassing situation, and saw how a falsehood would let you out; If you ever contem plated the profits and emoluments that could bo yours through forgery: and If throngh fear or conscience you paused, then you were meant for lowly paths. Not out of such callow finer as yours are attorney generals made. Moral: If you havent's got the docu ments, make them. mian republic will exceed two millions and the exports thereto twenty million dollars. Bananas, vegetable ivory, India rub ber and cattle hides comprise the prin cipal articles Imported from Panama. In the nine months ending with March, the latest period for which detailed statistics are available, the imports of bananas aggregated 2,506,000 bunches. valued at $604,381: India rubber. 292.53S pounds, valued at $214,978; vegetable Ivory, 4,689.545 pounds, valued Ht $147, --261, and hides of cattle, 617.612 pounds, valued at $67,654. Iron and steel manufacturers, meat and dairy products, breadstuff's, lum ber, coal, cottorr manufactures, ex plosives, cement, boots and shoes, and cars, carriages, etc., constitute by far the larger part of the merchandise ex ported to Panama: while soap, malt liquors, sugar, illuminating oil, scien tific Instruments, India rubber manu factures, fruits and n»ls, eggs, copper manufactures, chemicals and lubricat ing oil are also exported in consider able quantities. With few exceptions, all of the articles named show Increased exports In the present year. Those of iron and steel, in the nine months endjng with March of the years named, in creased from $3,893,691 in 1909 to $4,032, --322 In 1910, the principal growth oc curring in structural Iron and steel, pumps and pumping machinery, Iron sheets and plates, and wire: while steel rails, builders' hardware and locomo tives decreased. Meat and dairy products as a whole increased from $1,163,733 in 1909 to $1,297,290 in 1910: boards, deals and planks from $516.63!) to $819,388; breadstufts from $544,408 to $628,885, the growth occuring chiefly In flour; bituminous coal from $677,458 to $996,283, cement from $107,345 to $702,551, explosives from $27,660 to $822,631, cot ton manufactures from $521,576 to *803, --968 and boots and shoes from $347,456 to $475,382, the comparisons In each cast; being between the figures for the nine months ending with March, 1909, and those for the corresponding months of the current yean San Franclico Star demurrage law the railroads have Cali fornia In a worse box than ever. But the principle (if reciprocal de murraße Ul sound, however unpopular the railroads may lj<- ahle to mako It in California. In Oregon and In Texan reciprocal demurrage laws have worked henefU ially In the correction of railroad abuses. The same is true of states of the middle west. Why not in California? In answering the question one is strongly reminded of the remark of John Wanamaker, who nave four rea sons why the United Slates should not enjoy the benefits of the parcels post, namely, four great express companies. There la one good reason why Cali fornia should not enjoy practical re ciprocal demurrage, namely, one great railroad corporation, known as thu Southern Pacific, which dominates the state. Why cannot California enjoy the benefits of a practical direct primary law? ■ Same answer. The machine interests, in dread o£ fair application of the principle of re ciprocal demurrage and of the direct primary, are laboring to make these reformi objectionable anu unpopular. It Is succeeding. The same tactics will bo employed with the initiative, when the demand for that reform becomei too persistent to ko unheeded. The hand of tin- machine is raised against the people and against the stiite. it is h menace to free Institu tions and m handicap. California will never attain it" beat development until the handicap ia removed.