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PART II AUTO SOLVES AN ECONOMIC NEED Great Aid in Preventing Conges tion of Population in the Cities INSURES PUBLIC PROSPERITY Motor Car Tends to Happiness and to Widen Family View The outcry against the automobile, lately voiced by certain financiers and educators of national prominence, rela tive to the great and increasing popu larity of the motor car, is the hoary old cry against progress. That the world needed this Unproved system of quicker transportation, as well as was ready for it, has been proved by the immediate and well nigh universal re sponse to and approval of it. Human ingenuity has always applied Itself to Invention that would save time, ex pedite progress, lighten human labor and contribute alike to human happi ness and usefulness. As the telephone, by its virtual annihilation of time and distance, has In many substantial re spects doubled the hours of every day for the possibilities of practical achievement, saying nothing of its equal gifts in contribution to human comfort, so has the automobile greatly increased the possible and even the certain chances for every man vvh# can employ this great new agency, nearly to double, in very many instances, his day's profit, and for cities and com munities to make- progress never before possible. nOBUW OF CONGESTION The automobile has helped concrete ly to solve the problem of coiiiiestloiv in cities and to make feasible better and cheaper residences in the country. In the serious menace of the past few years of the surprising and undesirable growth of city population over country population, the automobile is greatly helping to settle a most important question. Far from being against the public welfare, it has In every respect Invigorated and Insured public pros perity. It has added new hours of op portunity to every business man's day, contributed to the enjoyment and hap piness of his family and by the creation of a great new industry furnished fresh employment to hundreds of thousands of working men and many thousands of business men. Instead of encourag ing extravagance among those who are not wealthy, it has more often taught those who had not the money to buy a machine to economize and isave to that end. We hear no outcry from the illustrious antagonists of the motor car directed against the expen diture of hundreds of millions of dol lars annually for unnecessary clothes, for tobacco, for intoxicating liquors and for other human habits. It is ob vious that here there is much room for the exercise of relative economy. Why should rich critics deny to those who .ire not rich the privilege of gain ing the means by which they, too, may be able, by comparative economy at the most, to enjoy this most remarkable invention for both human need and human comfort? The popular faith in the stories of so many homes being mortgaged to buy automobiles rests most largely, if not entirely, on false assumption—an assumption which has doubtless been created and fostered In large measure by banking and deposit companies, which naturally believe that the most patriotic and wise money is that which is kept on deposit, either without interest or at a rate very low. This is not an Intelligent time to chal lenge or sneer at the thrift or wisdom of the American family, and especially not a time in this era of general pros perity to impugn the sense of a large number of typical American families who have found in the automobile a chance to widen and simplify their lives and increase their daily pleasure. FAMILY HAPPINESS The world moves. Human society moves with it. And one of the finer and saner American ambitions is to stimulate each family in the land to procure for itself a fuller, higher, more enjoyable and at the same time more useful life. One Just criticism of our people as a whole has been that the i / Mmm m m m^^ m ■■'';*■ "^' '.' - ■ I MOTOR CARS ■ NOW ON EXHIBITION Write or Phone for Demonstration Herbert T. Brown Motor Car Co. Home Phone, F 5647 1136 South Main St. Sunset Phone, Main 7853 K'--"- ■--;_ _'< '- ■'. •• •' •' • - - *•• • .-•■•■':■•• -.• ■ :•::••••> AUTOMOBILES average family does not aspire to and obtain for Itself an existence holding more of rational and healthful pleas ure. That a motor car can add greatly to the happiness and definitely widen the life of any family iihle |o buy ope, nobody acquainted with the stimulation and diversion of the flowing road will deny. There 1b no question that a change has overtaken the entire country as a result of the economical reliable motor car. So much for that. And don't forget that from the presence of the automobile each year there are spent, aside from the capital and men directly employed, hundreds of millions of dol lars; every farmer, hotel keeper or Industrial worker In the nation receiv ing his portion of expenditure for the use of the hundreds of thousands of motor cars now running in this coun try. The lesson reads itself. PHIL LYON DISCUSSES RAISE IN TIRE PRICES Auto Supplies Man Returns from Trip Up Coast to Seattle Phil Lyon of the Chanslor & Lyon company returned last, week from a combined business and pleasure trip up the coast to Seattle and into the Sacramento valley, California. Busi ness at all his company's branch stores is exceptionally good, for the demand for auto supplien keeps pace with the thousands of new cars marketed on this coast each season. Speaking of the raise in tire prices Mr. Lyon says that while such ad vance was positively necessary he fig ured that because of the excellent wearing qualities of Hartford tires, for which his company is coast distributor, that the public will not mind the ad ditional cost. When a make of tire can have such strong Indorsements as the following there can be no diminu tion of sales: Dr. Cook of Pasadena, who has used Hartford tires on his car the past three years, says that each tire has averaged 9000 miles over all conditions of roads. A local taxlcab company has the original tires on its heaviest car, and to date they have gone more than 15,000 miles. C. E. Tyler has made over 14,000 miles on his set of Hartfords, and the big truck in use by the Los Angeles-Redondo railway have made their best mileago on Hartfords. Chanßlor & Lyon are also distribu tors for Stromberg carburetors, and point with pride to the fact that it was this carburetor that was on the winner of the recent Glidden tour and on that long, grueling trip was never touched. The recent performance of the Great Western car in breaking the San Diego record was another star event for this firm, as the well known Harris oils were used. RUNNING CAR BACKWARD FEAT OF CLEVER DRIVERS No motorist should call himself an. expert until he can run his car back ward as well as forward without pains taking caution or poor steering. It is not often that this accomplishment is called for, but whin it is the exercise Is likely to be of considerable advan tage, since It may be the means of saving much time in extricating one's self from a traffic crush, while ther« may even arise circumstances In which it will avoid positive danger. Most motorists are not capable of running their cars backward for more than a few feet at a time. The genu ine expert should be able to run. his car backward for a quarter of a mile if necessary. CONTEST FOtft WAGONS Still another newspaper has decided to conduct a reliability contest for au tomobiles, the latest comer in the field being the Philadelphia North Ameri can, under whose auspices a 120-mile test for commercial vehicles will be held between Atlantic City and Phila delphia on August 12 and 13. The run is being arranged for the purpose of proving to the business world that the commercial motor delivery wagon of all types can make extended journeys with speed, certainty and small cost of op eration. The run Is sanctioned by the American Automobile Association and the officials and members of the Qua ker City Motor club will aid the news paper in conducting the event. Los Angeles Sunday Herald MAKES TRIP OVER EARLY 'WIRE ROAD' 'Under Three Flags' Car Finds Once Famous Highway Ex ists Only in Spots NATIONAL WAYS IN BAD SHAPE Districts in the Ozark Mountains Never Before Saw an Automobile For about a week the Flanders "20" Under Three Flags automobile has been engaged In testing the merits of two fßinous national, highways, built in the days when the country was now and transportation of families and household effects by wagon was the standard method. Away back In Can ada the crew began hearing about the great national road, built by the gov ernment of the United States from Pittsburg to St. Louis. It was said to be pimply a dream. The tourists began to look forward to it as a sort of aviation arena. More was heard about the road in Detroit and Toledo. But as the car approached it at the rate of 160 miles a day, over the excellent gravel of Ohio nd Indiana, the enthusiasm of the road experts seemed to wane. When the road was actually encoun tered on the run between Indianapolis and St. Louis it was found to be only a very poorly kept up highway, spots of gravel alternating with sand and clay. Nearing St. Louis, it was in such shape that, had the weather been wet, it would have been well nigh impassable. THE "WIRE ROAD" But once into St. Louis there stretched ahead, somewhere in the west, that historic highway over which passed the hundreds of thousands of emigrants who, fifty years ago, .began streaming toward the setting sun to people the great domain beyond. The old "wire road," they called it in St. Louis, because the government had followed its establishment by mkaing it the route of the first telegraph line which penetrated the southwest. Just where It began and' how it could bo reached was something regarding which St. Louis was a bit vague. In fact, nobody could be found who had ever traveled it in an automobile or otherwise. No road map was avail able, either. The tourists left St. Louis one after noon about 5 o'clock by the best street available and Bruske showed Meln zing-er the setting sun. "There she is, George, chase it," was the only road direction at hand. "Somewhere out there is the old Springfield road; we want to find It." The car made sixty miles to Union that night and there was found a liv eryman who had been over the road as far s Arlington several years be fore. On his information the tourists entered the Ozarks. At Sullivan the road began to grow very rough. At Rolla the steep hills began to appear. At Arlington and Jerome a motor car I had never been seen and cliffs, ruts, stumps and washouts formed incessant road perils, while the climbing in some places would have puzzled anything less active than a squirrel. At Dlxon it was farewell to bridges. At Leb anon nobody couid hr found who knew a practicable route to Sleeper, the next town. And always the creeks grew deeper, the hills steeper and the rocks bigger. Mountain families heard of the approach of the car and herded indoors, terror-stricken. Road direc tions were limited to the old govern ment telegraph line, which still re mains, the monument of the once fa mous highway. These conditions pre vailed to within a dozen miles of Springfield. ONXT POLES REMAIN The old "wire road" is a thing of the past. Where it has not been fenced in as a part of a neighboring farm it has been so washed out by the rains of the years that there no longer re mains any cushion whatever for the bedrock that forms the basic material for the whole country. Often it has grown up to brush and wide, detours are necessary before the inevitable two-armed poles that mark the general course again appear. „ Looking back on his experience with EDITED BY W. G. L. TUCKER SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 10, 1910. Handsome Foreign Made "Isotta" Car, Exploited by the Motor Car Import Co., Getting Its First Showing \ ' /y- —~-^ s^ Bel tjb it %-^%rM^BßlWfMß^^MPii -ASK / ,/ AUTOS IN YEAR COST NEW YORK $97,000,000 Great Industry Makes Money Change Hands Rapidly in the East "You have no idea of the tremen dous amount of money that is put into dally circulation by means of automo biles, says "W. C. Teasdale. "I always knew that Indianapolis concerns caused vast amounts to change hands, but listen to real figures from George Rob ertson of New York. Why, as far back as 1907 il was proved by official sta tistics that over $70,000,000 was spent in New York state for the yearly up keep of cars. The end of 1908 showed $90,000,000 had changed hands, and this figure has swelled until the year just passed will aggregate nearly $97,000, --000. Now, Just add these together if you can. -.-"; "Then, remember that we have been speaking of one state only and you will readily see what a stupendous amount of money the automobile keeps in daily circulation in this country and the number of trades that are busy at tending to its daily upkeep. Every va riety of occupation is working over time for the automobile. Go to any foundry of reputation and you will find a line of customers waiting to have their orders recognized. Machine shops supplying our industry must work with night shifts to keep up the pace. In fact, the first restriction to automo bile production is the difficulty of ob taining parts. "This situation, I believe, has never been paralleled in the history of new trades. Every great discovery seems to be utilized by the automobile, and when the world opens its eyes to the blessings we have in store there will be a commotion equal to the millen nium. Land values will change, cus toms will go, boundaries will have no meaning. You will wave your hats at the rusty rails where man once had to rely on Pullmans." 4, 4, 4, 220.127.116.11.4.* + 4.***4'*4>** the old "wire road," Driver Meinzin ger of the "Under Three Flags" car retains one prevailing sentiment. "These people live in Missouri and they have to be shown, I understand." said he at Springfield. "I guess we've shown 'em." - And the Mlssourians themselves ad mit it. That any sort of a vehicle, much less a motor car, supposedly constructed for reasonable highways, could' run over the old "wire road" from St. Louis to Springfield is enough for them. • BOSTON AUTO OWNERS TO PREVENT OVERCHARGES Object to Methods of Landlords and Garage Owners With a membership of several thou sand' and close affiliation with the Massachusetts state organization, the Automobile Legal association of Bos ton has been formed to protect Its members from extortionate Ohargei by proprietors of hotels and garages in Massachusetts and elsewhere. The as sociation was called into existence after the experiences of William A. Thllodeau, who was charged $5 a day at one New York resort when he went there in a motor car, and at another time obtained a similar room for $2 when he went by train; and was charged 25 cents a gallon for gasolinu In a Vermont garage because he had a Massachusetts number on. An effort will be made to wipe out such injus tice. A circular has been sent to every member of the association, asking for information with the understanding that the names of those sending in re ports will not be used. The circular has questions as fol lows: Has any garage on this route over charged you or treated you discour teously? If so, please state its name and address and give particulars. Has any hotel overcharged you, or treated you discourteously? If so, please state name and address and give particulars. It Is proposed to make a list of those hotels and garages on various routes where motorists are habitually "soaked." This list will be open lor the inspection of members, and when they start on a tour they will know just what places to avoid. LATE MODEL ISOTTA REAL CLASS OF SEASON'S CARS Handsome Imported Auto Causes Favorable Comment of Other Owners For motor car enthusiasts who are willing to get back as change a single hundred-dollar bill from a draft for six thousand, the handsome new 1911 model Isotta car just received by the Motor Car Import company is by far the classiest automobile of all the high priced makes. Manager Whitcomb thinks there is nothing too good for his trusted em ployes, and in addition to tendering them all a banquet last week, he gave them a ride around the city in this handsome new Isotta. John Marquis, the veteran of the racing game, acted as pilot. The car is really so stunning in ap pearance that drivers of less preten tious cars would stop in the middle of the block to let this car go by and get a chance to admire it. As the Isotta is the only one of the foreign-made cars sold in this city, enthusiasts have openly expressed their admiration for the stranger, and as the record of this make of cars is en viable, it would not be surprising to see the lucky purchaser enter it in the Los Angeles-Phoenix race. THREE CONTESTS IN ONE When the Motor Racing association holds its second twenty-four-hour race of the season at the Brighton Beach track, on July 15 and 16, the event will be run under new conditions and will be virtually three t events instead of one. Under the new ruling of the A. A. A. contest committee, the sanction for the race specifies that it shall be held under class C," which has three sub divisions according to piston displace ment. In each of these subdivisions a special prize is to be given by the Motor Racing association for the twenty-four-hour race at the beach, starting at a o'clock on the evening of July 15. All the cars in all the divi sions will be started together exactly as in a single, race. There will be as keen competitions to win the division prizes as there will be to win the grand prize offered for the car that travels the greatest distance in all the divisions. The decision to hold the division races practically assures the limit of twelve starters in the contest as a whole. Two-cycie Reliance Truck 'li^^fattjlj^^j^ fully regardinpr the Two-rycle Re -3> <;.m J'" "*^toK| JP^tiitLjS "W^^^B«i liance Truck you have omitted onn EjgJP I^3wBk^^S^ ot tllo most P°ttint factors of the * ■ '''b^iZ^Sfflßßm S^«B «r<*fS^Bfe^ truck situation from your calcula iff rili "■M^^^TO^^iP^'nl "T."li"li'.TTirrJß »^ii^^^ is n( the valvele3S 2-cycle type, de **~fß es' di'srrfp, ia the most powerful Bfcli^l r% S"artintee tnilt 1-'arl he offered. Also Agents for ■ ThfS!fwwßww*»^wi^^^^M!S|j|: HBi^PP** -- Brockway Light ■,■>;■;■:■:■:■:■■■■■■;■■■■:■:.■.■■■■■.■,■ ...■:■..■■.■■■. ■■. .■ ■■ :-: ■'.':-■-. ■/■'.-. •'.•: .: :: ;■■ ■■•-. .■:■■■■■■,■ '■■ ... ::■■■■.■. .■.■■.■ . . ■.-.-.■■■■.,...■■.■ *^.-.\: :■...■."■•■.■'.-: ' _/ll_____.,_^^^ *J O m TON, 45 H. P.—THAT IS RIGHT Delivery Wagons Pioneer Commercial Auto Co. Main 1951 237 East Market Street f 6656 If you go to shore or camp, don't forget your pipe. By rolling waves, In mountain tramp, JOHN'S PIPES, they give delight. A pipe for every mouth and pocketbook. No cigar store. Largest stock of plpea In town. JOHN, 29 YEARS A PIPE MAKER. ; mriXTtO T*lT>T? CHAD 13° WEST FIFTH ST., JOHN S IFJE SHOP Between Spring and Main .U. SALESROOMS HERE OUTDO THOSE IN OTHER CITIES Auto Row Well Located in Broad Street Without Interfer ing Car Lines In no other city In the United States is the retail automobile district so well situated as in Los Angeles, said Fred H. Wheeler, president of the Wheeler- Schebler Carburetor company, who was a recent visitor here. The size of the salesrooms and garages is from two to five times as large as those In most other cities; and while not over looking the fact that a number of firms still do business on South Main street, South Olive Is destined to be the .motor car center, for with an ab sence of car tracks, thus permitting easy ingress and egress to the garages and the exceptional width of the street, allows unrestricted demonstrating of cars without congesting other traffic. The ornate furnishings of most of the salesrooms is worthy of note, for the finish of many is as fine as usually found in banking institutions; and the rest rooms and other conveniences for patrons make "automobPo shopping" easy. So great is the demand for selling space on Olive street that frequently good bonuses are paid for immediate transfer of leases. The district is the fastest growing businesa district in the city. Four contracts have been let in the past week for the erection of new buildings, the largest of which will be occupied by the Moore Motor Supply company, which will make the new establishment the largest of its kind on the coast. Buildings are also being finished for the Firestone Tire and Rubber company and the Gorham Rubber company, and the latest build ing completed, at 1114-1116 South Olive street, was taken possession of last week by the Newell Mathews com pany, distributors for the Whiting, Davis and Westcott motor cars. Property valuations have advanced upward of 100 per cent in that district in the past two years, and for invest ments is among the very best buys In the city. ENGLISH AUTOISTS ORGANIZING WASHINGTON, July 9.—An associ ation which will include practically all the managers of automobile and motor accessories, as well as the principal agents of the United Kingdom, is now being organized in London, according to a report to the bureau of manufac tures. PAGES 1 TO 12 ON CAR'S DRIVER DEPENDS ITS LIFE Designers Make Provision in the Plans for Everything but Care of Chauffeur SLOW SPEED LESSENS RISKS Succession of Jolts Often Causes Fractures Which Show Up at Later Date BY DR. CHARLES W. SOTDEB, Local Agent Middleby Car* In designing the parts of an automo bile one of the chief things to be con sidered la the strength of the materials. Let us take a gas engine as an in stance. The cylinders are subject to i tension of about 3nn pounds per square inch at the time of each ordinary ex plosion, but under exceptional in stances this might be increased to sixty pounds per square inch, so we must base our calculations on the latter. Good gray cast iron has an ultimata tensile strength of about 20,000 pounds per square inch. That is, a piece, ono inch on all sides will stand a stress ot 20,000 pounds before breaking. Calculating from this, our cylinder walls need be only 1-32 of an inch thick to stand the explosive pressure—but Cast iron is never perfect, and thera would be spots which would not stand the pressure. Again, if the iron was so thin (cast iron being very brittle) a slight blow would fracture the cylinder. Therefore when the cylinder is de signed these things must be taken into consideration. The necessary thickness is determined, and this thickness mul tiplied by what is known as "the factor of safety," which in cast iron is usually considered as being from seven to nine, therefore your cylinder \valls are from seven to nine times as thick as is abso lutely required. In the same manner the connecting rods are calculated, though they are subject to compression Istead of ten sion. The compression strength of the material is known, and the necessary size of the connecting rod determined so that It will stand the full power of the explosion without bending. This pressure in a 4x4-inch cylinder, with a full throttle, is from two to two and a half tons at each explosion. ON CRANK SHAFT On the crank shaft there Is another series of stresses. Tensile strength and strength of compression need hardly be considered, because if the shaft will stand the stresses of torsion and flexure it can take care of any other stress which may be applied. The bending moment is determined, i. c., the, forces tending to "twist" the shaft, and which consist of the power applied by thn connecting rod at each point in the crank circle and the resistance of fered by the inertia of the shaft, fly wheel, car, etc., against this turning effect. These forces must be calculated and the proper factor of safety allowed, usually about ten. Then all the forces which tend to bend the shaft must be considered and allowed for. In a like manner the whole car must be gone over and calculated to a nicety, because you don't want an automobile of excessive weight, and on the other hand you insist that it must "stand up," and to secure both of these con ditions all tho weight must be, removed that is possible without sacrificing strength. If any material be continually sub jected to constant stresses which am near its limit of ultimate strength, a point arrives where it can no longer stand these stresses, and it necessarily yields, and finally breaks. In calculat ing the strength of materials for auto biles, there is an unknown factor al ways appearing, i. c., the driver, he is 4 purely a guess, but most important In the life of the car. The designer calculated his details as near as he could, assuming tha (Continued on Pin Trroi M Exclusive features of toe m ar M. M. "4"—lteeerr* |>m. (Vi line tank i self raining XT-1 stand; firmer engine, two oiling *.r*teiiia; either V or flat belt*; quick detachable rear guard; adjustable puller*; roller beating engine; free engine clutch; gaso line strainer. Ooast distributor, IJJI COI.N HOr.LA.jm. 10S4 8. Main street.