Newspaper Page Text
JULY 10, 1910.
'" -^ MB - C^BB^Hb¥bbb^B^^Bß^^^l Hk l V wW*MV I B^aI^MjHB^M^IHII "Vb* /1 TF PROPAGATE CARNATIONS NOW Carnations are Increased by cuttings and must be taken from a perfectly healthy plant and well down on the flower stem. The cuttings should bo from throe to four Inches In length, and must not be too hard nor too soft. The best way to toll If a cutting Is In condition to root is to bend it; and if It breaks It Is Just right; If It bends and does not break it is either too hard or too soft. The best material in which to root them is clean river sand or very fine gravel, three or four inches deep, with good drainage. The cuttings can be Inserted one Inch apart In the rows and two to three inches between rows. Iniert cut tings about one Inch deep, and if there are any leaves that would be burled in the sand, cut thorn off. In putting in the cuttings use a pointed stick, called a dibble or dibber. It can bo made one-quarter of an inch thick and pointed like a load pencil. Make the hole with the dibble and put in the cutting, and then make the sand firm at the base of the cutting. It is a good plan to let the cuttings stand in water twelve hours after picking and before planting. Never let a cutting After the cuttings are In they should be shaded. The best thing to use il newspapers. Lay them on top of the box of cuttings, keeping thorn away from foliage by sticking In the sind .1 few little splinters of wood to take weight of papers. One thickness Is enough. Cuttings should be kept from drauihtl so as to avoid evaporation In the foliage, and should also be ■pray«d two or throe times a day for the first week or ten days in bright weather, and the land should never he allowed to get dry. After ton days they can bo given some sun. It win take six weeks for them to root, and they should never be allowed to re nviln In the sand any length of time after they are fairly rooted. THREE GOOD VINES Much enjoyment and companionship can be got out of flowering vines. The three which I, personally, like best are the Clematis. Cypress and sweet scented Honeysuckle. The Clematis, of which there are several kinds, is very appropriate for a porch climber. It comes out with an abundance of new growth each year nnd produces a wealth of blossoms with ordinary care. The Cypress Vine is an annual, dainty of vine, foliage and bloom, and makes a wonderful growth during the summer. It is well suited for growing about a south window, as it is not dense enough to shut out all of the. light and its red or white trumpet shaped blooms can be enjoyed during most of the summer and early autumn. The blossoms of the hardy, perennial Honeysuckle are not showy, but their odor is the sweetest of all common vin ing plants. It also has the advantage of being a good foliage vinlng orna mental It should be located far enough away from the dwell ins so that the aroma from the blossoms will be car ried faintly across the grounds and through the dwelling.—Exchange. THE WICKSON PLUM The advantage of Wickson plums over Kelsey for Southern California is that It colors up better, Is better fla vored and Is a more regular bearer. It can be picked while still of a green color and firm, and in a week or so will become rich and juicy and of a dark red color all over. We know of one man who hns ten acres of Kelseys and last year realized a handsome profit from them by shipping them east. Had his trees been Wickson he would have landed them in the eastern markets from four to five weeks ear lier, would have had better looking fruit, Just as good a shipper if picked properly and more fruit. The Wickson is not generally con sidered a canning plum, there being no demand for It from the canners, LOS ANGELES HERALD SUNDAY MAGAZINE THE HOME GARDEN yet for home use it can hardly be sur passed for this purpose. When picked from the tree while still firm and with a yellowish trans lucent appearance, laid away and al lowed to ripen until red, It will de velop a delicious aroma and is the acme of perfection among plums for those who like sweet fruits. This plum requires different treat ment from what Is generally consid ered proper for plums. If not heavily pruned and tho crop thinned the tree will overbear one year and have a light crop the noxt. It will break Itself down if allowed to have Its will. This plum, perhaps, does best on peach root. It is known to do par ticularly well when budded Into grown peach trees. Wo would judge that It will do as well on old apricot trees, as wo know that Kolsey does especial ly well on them, There is no objection to it on myrnhnlnn or marlana root.— Rural Callfornlao. CHEMICAL DESTROYER FOR WILD MUSTARD The wilii mustard and the Canada thistle are destined to complete extinc tion. As if hy ma.nrlo. those noxious weeds mill disappear until nothing but a powder spot remains to toll of their havlnpr once existerl. Before your very eyei their foliage will wither to the roots nml the erron«o spot that remains will he as a fertilizer to the grains and jrrnssos whose nourishment they h-i<l shared ns parasites. It is the chemical eradication of the v-lld mus tard and the Canada thistle. This rmplen.l chemical 1= railed nerri ouitural sulphate of Iron and is a by product of the great wire mills of this country. The sulphate of iron is ex tracted from the waste acids remain in? .ifter the wire has been made and Is converted Into a crystalline sub stance, prnnulnted as fine as the highest grade sucrar. Tn this form it is ready for the mar'tot. A spravinsr solution Is made of the powder in proportions of about 100 pounds to n birrel of water and is npnlled on the fold infested with nrns tird throuo-h a snrayinf machine, pro ducing a fine mist. A machine has been designed with a enpaeitv of 80 en lions, drawn by one hors». and which will spray about twenty-five acres a day. Experiments have demonstrated that inn pounds to 52 srnllons of water will sn-av one acre and will cost between 60 and 7F> cents. The cost varies ae rordinir to the distance from the source of si'pnlv. but at the outside will not exceed 7!i cents an acre Tt is of the PTP'itost importance t^it the sprnylngf he don" when the p-rnln Is vo'insr. be fore it has reached the first loint period of its prov.'th. After thnt period a spravinar machine could not be one rated without injury to the tender shoots. One of the anomalies brought out in sprnylne: experiments is that while the neid spreads like a cancer throughout the circulation system of the mustard Dlflnt. It runs off any cereal as water does from the back of a water fowl. A slight discoloration of the tins of the younerest leaves occrs. b"t it does not injure them nor does it retard their cTowth. The oldest leaves will turn brown and shrivel up. but this also hapnens as the plant matures, be -In<r one of the natural processes toward ripening:. The why of nil this has not be«n de termined vet to the satisfaction of the scientists to whom the matter has been submitted, but.the theory is thnt the wild mustnrd takes moisture from its foliage while the arraln draws its moisture and nourishment from the roots.—Country TJfe in America. GARDEN EPIGRAMS "You don't want a garden too laree —.lust lfirere enough to mnko you hip nv. It'll do that. I've tried It many a time. It makes you feel good when you fpfl bad." "A little ernrden, well tilled, and a wife well willed, meins a table well filled." . APPLES FOR LOS ANGELES We do not know of a better all round early apple than Red Astrachan, except that it Is a shy bearer some seasons. It has a close rival In Early Harvest, It being a regular and heavy bearer and coming in at the same sea son. It Is not so acid as Red As trachan, which makes it less desirable for cooking purposes. For a sure crop of early apples, Early Harvest cannot be excelled. Skinner's Seedling ripens just as Red Astrachan goes out. This goes under the name of Skinner's Pip pin and Santa Clara King. It Is one of our best summer apples. The color is a light yellow, quality good and sells well. The tree is a good grower and almost wholly resists blight. Yel low Rellefleur and Missouri Pippin are also good varieties, the latter be ing our best all round red winter ap ple for warm situations, while Win ter Pearmain is our best late apple. All apples require a great deal ot water. On our light sandy soil, the late varieties require as much water as orange trees in full bearing.—-Lx change. AN ELDERBERRY SCREEN Elderberries need not mean only old fashioned wine but might easily stand for a plant effective for roadside plant ing and one with screening possibilities. Ry this latter use I mean that the el derberry might well be planted to cover an ugly bit of old fence, to nod over a well or to fill in an inartistic corner of the yard. The elderberry needs no preparation of the soil for its growth, no care after planting. It simply grows. Gather some berries in fruiting sea son. Squeeze out the juice and some of the pulp through a pioce of cheese cloth. Then merely scatter the seeds in the place you wish them to grow. In two or three years you will have a fine, sturdy clump of them. I know of nothing more simple, more charming, more sweetly suggestive of summer and nature than a big mass of elderberries lifting up their white-lace head-dressings in an unexpected place. Try them just for the experiment, and you will love them for themselves.— Exchange. WILD CLEMATIS Comparatively few people are aware that we have two showy species of wild clematis. Both are well worthy of cultivation and a great deal of money is spent for poorer vines. The lowland species (C. ligusticifolia) has small creamy white flowers borne in a profusion of clusters all over the vine. The foothill species (C. lasian tha) has much larger flowers of the same color and is one of our showiest plants during the blooming season. In the interior canyons where it climbs over the trees and 3hrubs a vine of it at a distance often gives the impres sion of a white pyramid, so floriferous is the plant. Both species are easily transplanted in the late fall or very early spring and would make fine ar bor plants.—Rural Californian. TMARAIX GALLICA This popular plant, which is known by the common name of "Tamarisk," is suited to all soils and conditions. It will grow in water or the driest soil, as well as in salty ground, and seems to thrive everywhere. In several countries it is used for binding shift ing sand. . Locally the fine, large sprays of pink blossoms are much in demand by the florists for decorating purposes. Eucalyptus Seeds i: ci L\ o 3SAT:TI from. My special pamphlet, "Eucalyptus Culture," mailed free. Superior garden, flower, tree and palm seeds. Roses, carnations, flowering plants, etc. New descriptive catalogue mailed free upon application. THKODOKD PATNTO. Ml ••nth Wain street. L«s Anselea. MOVING OLD APPLE TREES A question comes In relation to mov ing apple and other deciduous fruit trees four and five years old. It is practicable to transplant apple trees of that age, but if you are In tending to transplant a commercial orchard we would not s:iy it is ad visable. For a home orchard it mi^ht be advisable, and we would proceed by cutting back tho top so as to leave only the main limbs, retaining the shape of the top and not more than three or four feet in diameter. Re move the soil from around the roots by digging a hole three or four feet in diameter without bruising the bark on the roots, make a clean saw or knife (not pruning knife) cut, removing with the tree all the roots possible. Transplant to the already prepared holes and do not allow them to settle in the ground to a greater depth than they originally were. Fill in with dirt, settle with water and keep the ground as moist as you would under ordinary circumstances. It might be advisable to wax both top and roots In case any of the latter are cut off when of con siderable size.—Rural Californian. SOILS FOR MONTEREY PINES An English authority whose word Is seldom or never questioned his re corded the fact that the Monterey pino native to a restricted area in Cali fornia, does not thrive in England ex cept on soil with a limestone bise and exceptionally well drained. In South ern California these very conditions may be noted, a very well-drained soil containing a trace of lime proving the best for both health and longevity. At best it is a short-lived tree, and when planted on a cold clay with poor drain age, Hint if on comparatively level ground, it lives but from twenty to forty years. Much doubt exists as to Whether it will live much longer than the latter period under any but per fectly natural conditions, that is, left to its own resources. —Rural Califor nian. THE CASTOR OIL PLANT The Castor Oil plant, more commonly spoken of in Southern California as the Castor Bean, is one of our best plants for quickly producing a most luxuriant growth of foliage quite tropical In gen eral effect. When small plants of slow growing sorts are being permanently placed a few castor means planted not too near the better vegetation will pro vide one with immediate effects if something is needed to fill up and cover bare soil. If one cares little what ef fects he gains for the first season he may plant around the castor beans seeds of fast-growing annual vines: better still, plant these after the castor beans have made plants a foot or more high; about midsummer one would have a veritable Jungle of leaf and blossom. —Rural California]). GROW PLENTY OF FREESIAS Few bulbs are more satisfactory than freesias, for they simply "run riot" in California, in some instances almost a pest. They are such persis tent little plants that they will even push up through the hard pathway and will blossom under circumstances dis couraging or prohibitive to other bulb ous plants. The fragrance of the freesia is one of the strongest yet pleasing of all flowers, and a few will fill a large house with perfume. 11