Newspaper Page Text
GIVES METHOD TO
Level, Protracted Curbstone and
Table of Loganthms Needed
LONG INCLINE THE BEST TEST
Many City Streets Have Slants
Well Adapted to Trying
DR. CHARLES W. SNYDER
Local Agent Middleby Cars
Every once In a while we hear won
derful stories about grades, some c:ir
climbing a 80 or 40 per -
th ■ high, ami other nonsense of this
kind. I don't moan to imply that It's
Impossible for a car to actuallj
do this, In a certain way; In fact, I
am driving a Middleby runabout with
a 26 H. P. engine In it and 1 will guar
antee this littlo oar to climb a BO per
or 75 per cent grade on the high—
With a string on the guarantee. There
■was, a short time ago, a single-cylinder
Cadillac at Coney Island climbing
every day a lnO per rent grade "on
the high" and then doing 300 per cent
The per cent grade means the rise
or fall in feet per hundred, the hun
dred feet being measured horizontally,
enil the elevation being measured ver
tically; for instance, if you measured
horizontally into the side of a. hill 10
fei s and then found that the end of
your line was 2 feet from the surface,
the per cent grade would' be
The most practical way for an ama
teur to measure grades is to take a
level and protractor, such as is used
hy mechanics, lay a piece of board in
the road (or us* a straight portlort of
the street curbing) and place the
straight, flat edge of the protractor
on it.. Turn the rotating portion of
the protractor until tho level shows
that it is horizontal, then note the
included angle in degrees. Take a
table of tangents of angles, find your
angle in this table, follow across to
the column marked "values," and hy
moving the decimal point two figures
to the right in this column you can
read directly the "per cent grade."
TIKE StJBTAGB SMALL,
Now let us pet down to facts. No
automobile under ordinary conditions,
and without special appliances, can
climb a grade of any length that Is
over from 30 to 33 per cent, on ac
count of the failure of tract km, either
"o i tho high,'' low or reverse.
If we have a machine weighing 2500
pounds, the small area of the tires
on the roar wheels—only a few square
Inches at the most —which Is in con
tact with the ground forms the only
hold that tho machine has on tho
road, and the friction between these
tires and the road is the only thing
that causes the car to move. In this
car you might have a 1000 H. i\ en
gine, but just as soon as the grade Is
sufficiently steep so that the friction
developed la not great enough to "life"
the car, tln> rear wheels spin and
climbing ceases, and as bi fore stated,
this Is un a grade of about 30 per cent
to 33 per cent. "Mud hooks," or some
similar device might be applied, so
that the 'i'" -tion of friction was elim- j
mated, and the. car then made to climb
a much st ent, but except un
der extraordinary conditions this
■would be most impractical. What do
we mean by saying that a car climbed
tiny given per cent grade? Tho answer
is very indefinite, and is usually made
to fit the particular occasion. To
know the value of such a stati
one must know the circumstances con
nected witli the test.
Take 11most any old car," give it a
it, level stretch, or down hill,
M the driver Ret up its maximum
!. and it will climb even perhaps
a f.n per cent grade for a few feet.
This H due tn tho inertia of tho rap
idl\ moving body carrying it=olf along
by its own momentum, regardless of
friction—or traction—in the same man
ner as a, cannon ball rolling along the
road would make a similar ascent. "But
' stop it near
the !'<■■.t oi ni. and how much
of a. grade will it climb?
The real test of an automobile's hill-
OF THIS PACKAGE OF LIVE ONES
APPERSON BABY JACK $2150.00
APPERSON LITTLE JACK, 7 Passenger $3200.00
T?FO '"?0" Touring Car and Tnjr Tonnea.il, «M/tnnn/\
KliU JU Price with I.iuud« and Magneto ..$1400.00
REO TWENTY, The Old Reliable $1100.00
BABY REO, The Favorite $550.00
"A Live Dealer Will Sell You a Live Car."
Leon T. Shettler
633 SOUTH GRAND AVENUE
Home 10167. Maln 7034 ,
LOS ANGELES and SAN DIEGO.
Member Licensed Dealers' Association of I.ns Ingeles.
Jleniblr Automobile Dealers' Association of Southern California.
climbing ability must be made on a
long grade, where "Inertia," or "mo
mentum" Is practically eliminated,
and the car that will take a grade of
I.". per cent "on tho high" under these
conditions is a very powerful machine.
An 8 per cent to 10 per cent grade Is
about all the ordinary machine Will
climb in this way "on tho high."
The hill-climbing ability of any au
tomobile depends greatly On the "gear
ratio." It is very evident that If you
have a car geared so that "on the ;
high" the engine makes three revo
lutions to the road wheel's one. and
you should change this gearing so that
the engine made six revolutions to the
road wheel's one, you could climb a
much steeper grade under the latter
conditions than under the former
but you would cut the speed of your
car on ihe level just one-half.
This changing the gear ratio is often
done where ■ car Is compelled to
travel continuously in tho hills. I j
know of one instance where the gear |
was reduced to eight to one, and as
this machine had a powerful engine it '
Is needless to say it could climb most ;
any road "on the high," but its maxi
mum snood was less than twenty miles |
per hour. However, It did tho work
required of it, and did it well.
Few automobile drivers have any ac
curate conception of the per cent of
various grades, and it is hard to train
the eye so as to correctly estimate !
them." Below are some of the most
well known grades about L,os Angeles.
The figures are not exact, but the per
centage of error is small, and they
may be accepted as correct for all
On Sixth street from Witmer to
Blxel there is a long, easy grade of 3
per cent from Bixel to the top of the
hill the ascent is 2 per cent greater
(5 per cent). Orange street from Pig
ueroa west Is about S per cent until
near the top of the hill, where the
grade increases to 9% per, cent.
First street from Fremont avenue
east has a rise of a little over 10 per
cent in the first block, while the sec
ond block Is almost exactly 10 per
The first pitch on Second street east
from Figueroa Is 18 per cent, while
the next pitch of dirt road near the
top of the hill varies from 22 per cent
to 31 per cent, there being only about
10 feet of the latter.
On Grand avenue the pitch between
Sixth and Fifth streets Is about 9 per
cent; that north of Fifth street is not
quite 20 per cent.
Maltman avenue, turning smith off
of Sunset boulevard, has a grade of
13 per cent directly off Sunset, while
the last "pull" is 20 per cent, and
tills Is a "peach" of a climb, as there
is no chance to get a start.
GRABOWSKY WAGON MEETS
WITH INCREASED DEMAND
Company Proposes to Enlarge
Factory in Detroit
At no time since the Grabo-wsky
Power AVagon company has been oper
ating has it been able to turn out
product to keep pace with tho demand.
Orders have come in such volumes
as to necessitate the immediate erec
tion of a plant on a nine-acre plot.
The great plant when completed will
be the largest factory in Detroit de
voted exclusively to the manufacture
of commercial power wagons.
Max Grabowsky recently gave out
this very interesting statement in this
"When the erection of n new factory
building was first contemplated, a
short timo ago, wo figured on erecting
a new plant on four and a half acres.
This would be ample for the business
we were then doing, but with the rapid
appreciation of merchants everywhere
of the time, labor and money saving:
features of our cars, we were com
pelled to change our contemplated
plant on the four and a half acn a
and double it, making It nine acres
"Judging from present Indications,
we are likely to be compelled to in
creaße our factory facilities once more
bi tore the lew plant is finished."
STRAGGLERS ALWAYS SUFFER
Bllfter— "What's that? You don't
mean to attend our reception tonight?
I'l just like to know why."
i)lifters — "VN ell, If you must know,
every time I have attended any soil.
of a gathering at your house, I've lost
iilltfer—■ "Well, why rlo you always
stay so Infernally late?"
LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING,' JULY 31, 1010.
The Brockway-First Light Delivery
Wagon That Made "Kite" Trip
!jj"*jfliPraß KAMy E *
AUTO TRUCKS FEATURE
OF SEASON'S BUSINESS
Pioneer Commercial Company
Makes Demonstrating Trip
to Neighboring Towns
Dealers In commercial cars are find
ing that the handling of delivery
wagons or trucks from one to five
tons capacity Is to be a big feature of
the coming season's business. The
Pioneer Commercial Auto company,
representing the Kelianee and Ran
dolpb trucks, and the Broekway light
delivery wagons, are the first of the
flrnu to make extended trips to
the towns within a reasonable radius
<if I.os Angeles for the purpose of dem
onstrating their machines. Sales Man
ager Doyle last week made a trip
around the "kite" in a 1« h. p.. 3-cylin
der. two-cycle Broekway, and while
the trip Occupied live days and aver-
I BO miles of travel a day, this good
delivery wrigon made the monn
taln grades with ease; and in each
! iwn showed by actual demonstration
of delivering freight for local mer
it ints, its worth.
The gasoline used in the five days
was 15 gallons, which proves that the
car can be operated at less than a
dollar a day for all fuel and oil, which
is cheaper than the cost "f a delivery
team, and yet can cover more than
twice the distance. A driver is needed
In either case. The day of the little
delivery wagon has come, and this
will be the banner season.
1500-MiLE ROAD JOURNEY
Series of Accidents Fail to In
jure Touring Car
C. YV\ Mathcson of the well known
motor ear company bearing his name
is seriously considering the awarding
of a suitable trophy to Mr. and Mrs.
George Burton of Springfield, 111., to
commemorate a somewhat remarkable
road journey recently completed. To
quote Mr. Burton:
"Notwithstanding the fact that we
skidded into a canal bridge, went full
tilt Into a fractious cow and were in
collision with a high-powered touring
car through no fault of our own, my
wife and I brought our Matheson silent
six through from our home in Spring
field, 111., to New York without a bolt
or nut missing, the engine naming in
perfect shape, aild even more extra
ordinary to relate, without having had
a puncture or blowout on the •
trip. We had all kinds of road condi
tions for the 1500-odd miles we covered.
and under the circumstances we con
sider ourselves somewhat fortunate."
Mr. Burton and his pretty wife are
now (loin? the New Jersey shore points
and in two weeks' time will make the
return journey by road with Mr. Math
admonition "not to tempt Provi
dence too severely."
HEBREW TO BE RE-ELECTED
MAYOR OF ETERNAL CITY
ROME, July 30.—The municipal elec
tions resulted In the return of the
whole list of twi nty-two Bloc candi-
The ri maining five cand ■
,i were tho put forward by an
,!.i. pendent i oup o( electors, but
whether they will accept the office
. : doubtful. The abstention of the
ial voti rs from the polls was com
plete. Only one-third of the cli
recorded their votes, which was a con
siderably imaller proportion than at
the last election. However, as long
as Romans only show tl ontent
by remaining neutral the. Bloc will nat
urally remain In possession. A good
many voters were undoubtedly fright
ened by tho shadow of 191] and dread
, i iegt any eh mgi of n ponslblllty
should further Jeapardlze the pros
of in" Rome exhlbl
There i? no doubt that Slgnor Nathan
will be re-elected mayor.
NOVELIST'S LAST BOOK IS
AUTHOR'S OWN LOVE STORY
LONDON, July 30.—An unpublished
novel b/ Ivan Turgenieff, thi i
Russian novelist who died In Paris In
1883, was discovered the other daj In
1 drawer of Madame Paulino
..t i iarcla, the famous slngi r. Al
though the novel is not to be pub
lished, it 1k said to '. c the real love
Btory of Turgineff, who was secretly
married to .Madame Garcia. The lii-t
title of the novel was "A Romance of
Life." It in Mid by an aunt of
nil rr. who liven in Russia, <■ b
i!,II of lire and one of his gr
rpii cos. The marriage of the
novelist and singer was Illegal, inas
much an the woman had never been
. d from her leal husband.
Mr* Graj—What did she say when you
told lir.r I first met my husband In a Mb
Mtb. White— Bb( rpmarked it was wonderful
what a lot of cheap articles were to be
pickfd uj> In Eomo of those places.
TELLS OF AIRSHIP PLANNED
BY GREAT SWEDENBORG
All Civilized Nations Represented
at Congress Held in
LONDON, July 30.—The king's hall
of the Holborn restaurant was filled
with the sound of many tongues on the
occasion of the opening of the Inter
nal ional Swedenborg; congress, which
was held there In connection with the
celebration of the Swedenborg society's
centenary. Practically every civilized
country was represented.
The president. E. J. Broadfleld of
Manchester, in his inaugural address
said there were some who regarded
Bwedenborg as a far-seeinp; man of
science; others regarded him as a
luminous and original philosopher; and
there were others who looked upon him
:is an enlightened seer and a heaven
directed theologian. All of them
agreed, however, that he was one of
the greatest students of his country,
and one of the greatest geniuses of
Swedenborg anticipated modern Ideas
by inventing a submarine destroyer
and also a living machine "by which
men can raise themselves and move
themselves In the air."
The Rev. James R. Rendall, former
ly lecturer and demonstrator in phy
sics at Yorkshire college, Leeds, and
now of Acerington, described Sweden
borg's flying machine, a sketch of
which was still in existence. It con
sisted of a light frame, covered with
strong canvas, and was provided with
two large oars or wings, moving on a
horizontal axis, and so arranged that
the upstroke met with no resistance
while the down stroke provided the
lifting power. Swedenborg was con
fident that the problem of motive
power would be solved. "There are
sufficient proofs and examples from
nature." he said, "that such flights
can take place without danger, al
though when the first trials are made
you may have to pay for the experi
ence and not mind an arm or a leg."
Rendall observed that that anticipa
tion of the flying machine was one of
the "evidences" of aberrations alleged
against Swedenborg by Dr. Maudsley
fifty years ago. They now knew who
was the wiser of the two.
MAID GIVEN $10,000;
STEALS $10,000 MORE
Trusted Servant Is Seized as She
Is Starting on a Trip
NEW YORK, July 30.—After having
been in the Ladew family for fifteen
years, the members of which had
treated her more like a "friend than a
servant, and after being- the recipient
of a legacy of $10,000 from Mrs. Louisa
Ladew, Idell Worth, who had been
Mrs. Ladew's maid, repaid all this
kindness by robbing the family of her
benefactress of $10,000 worth of prop
erty. The discovery was only made on
the eve of the woman's sailing with
her plunder for France.
[dell went to the Ladew family as
chambermaid In their home at Elsl
nore, Glen Cove, L. I, She won the
confidence of the family and was pro
moted to be Mrs, Ladew's personal at
tendant. Then she fell In love with the
i.;i.-|i a butler, Joseph Worth, and mar
ried him. In a few years Worth died.
When Mrs. Ladew died last year In
the Hotel Plaza it was found she had
left her maid the $10,000 legacy, Miss
Elsie Ladew, however, looking upon
her as almost on.- of the family, would
not discharge her. At the beginning
of July Harvey Ladew and his sister
wont 011 a trip through Connecticut.
During his absence the Worth wom
an shipped ten trunks to the French
line pier. The watchman on the place
had his suspicions aroused and sent
word to Mr. Ladow, who returned.
Mrs. Worth admitted sending the
trunks away and said she had decided
to leave the family and go to her old
home in France. She agreed to allow
one of her trunks to be opened, as
serting they contained only her per
sonal property. It was then discovered
that they were filled with wearing ap
parel, jewelry, silverware, fine lace, ta
ble linen ' and a thousand and one
things, all of which belonged to the
Ladews. They were the proceeds of
years of pilfering, having been taken
in such .-mail quantities at a time that
suspicion was never aroused.
Mr. Ladew acknowledged the truth
of the story last night and said that he
docldeU not to prosecute and had
caused the Worth woman to be put
aboard a vessel for Franco after she
had .signed an agreement never to re
turn to America.
A RHINE CLIMBER
Mr« Robinson- were you up th« |
Mis. Da Jones (just returned from a conti
nental trip)—l should think so; right to the
very top. What a splendid view there U from
GOOD ROAD PLANS
TO BE DISCUSSED
International Congress Gathers
in Brussels to Discuss the
ALL CLASSES INTERESTED
American Delegates Will Try to
Secure Next Session for
WASHINGTON, July 80.—Automohile
owners, farmers and others who make
daily use of some part of the two mil
lion miles of public highways In tho
rnit.ni States will follow closely the
proceeding! of the lacond International
road congress which opens In Brunei!
tomorrow afternoon and continues un
til August 10. The reason for the un
usual Interest In the affair at the Bel
gium capital Is the fact that the Amer
ican delegate! enter the congress hope
ful that it will be possible to bring:
next year's meeting to this county, and
if they are BUCcesaful, the third con
vention of road expert! of all nations
will be held In Washington next fall.
This government will be represented
at the congress by four delegates. Col
onl Spencer Cosby, corps of engineers,
United States army; Joseph W. Jones,
representing the automobile interests
of America; William Hal Stead Wiley.
.1 publisher of technical journals, and
John M. Goodell, editor of the Kngi
neering Record. Besides these official
representatives of the govrnmnt, there
will be many American delegates rep
resenting various cities and states. The
first International road congress, which
was called by the president of France
last year, and held In Paris, was at
tended by the representatives of forty
one governments, and it is expected
that' the attendance at this year's
meeting will be even more satisfactory.
Motorists in every country of the
world are interested in the meeting
bcause the congress is the outgrowth
of individual work of the leading gov
ernments to improve the public high
ways and meet the conditions brought
about by Increased automobile traffic.
The principles of road construction to
meet the swish and wear of rubber
tires are different from those in build
ing the road designed to stand the im
pact of horses' shod hoofs and steel
tires. Up to this time, very limited
study has been given to this new road
problem. Many parts of the country
are partially Inaccessible to automobile
traffic, because. Tif bad roads, and com
munities are discovering that there 1b
no better way of bringing about the
enhancement of property than by per
fecting their system of highways.
Both \j. W. Page, director, and J. H.
Pennybacker, chief of road manage
ment In the office of public roads in
the department of agriculture, who
have sent papers to the congress to
be read; have hopes that next year's
International meeting will come to Am
erica. This country has the most tre
mendous system of highways of any
nation of the world, the length of
all the roads amounting to 2.155.000
miles, on which it is estimated that
there is an annual expenditure of $90,
--000,000. This sounds like a great deal
of money, but England with her lit
tle system of 150,000 miles of road
spends about $80,000,000 a year, or
about fourteen times as much per mile
The agricultural as well as the au
tomobile interests will be looked after
by the American delegates who attend
the Brussels congress during the com
ing ten days. The farmers of the
United States are spending about two
and a half times as much to get their
products to the market as are the
farmers of Europe, and this important
difference in cost of hauling over bad
and good roads is playing its part in
the pesty eost-of-living problem on
which Senator Lodge and his commit
tee threw so little light. Conservation
of farm resources will mean little if
the problems of cheap transportation of
products to market are not solved.
The remarkable growth of the auto
mobile industry and the Increased use
of motor ears both for business and
pleasure, have proved a great stimu
lus to the study and work for better
roads in this country. Further interest
will be added if the American delegates
succeed in landing next year's congress
and make it possible to bring the
world's leading experts in road engi
neering and road administration here
to discuss Uncle Sam's problem of
highway traffic face to face with the
best road men of the United States.
SQUIRRELS RAID WAGON
AND ENJOY FEAST OF PIES
NEW YORK, July 31.—About 100
squirrels raided a bread wagon belong
ing to Harold Dominier of Paterson on
Pompton turnpike. Cedar Grove, N. J.,
yesterday, and before they were driven
off a number of them were killed and
all the bread and pies were spoiled.
The driver had been delivering bread
when the squirrels swarmed into the
wagon. He jumped in to drive, them
out. The squirrels jumped orr him and
bit and scratched his head, face and
hands. Robert Downy came along and
the squirrels were finally driven away
after a number of them had been killed.
There was scarcely a loaf of bread or
pie in the wagon that had not been
bitten into by the squirrels.
The most spacious and best
equipped garage on the coast.
First-class workmanship guar
anteed on all cars. Steam or
Gasoline. Lowest prices.
If you have a breakdown,
send for our Wrecking Wagon.
Best wash and polish in the
Phones 60151, Main 8680.
Open All Night
I^^^ Auto 'Clocks
f ;?pSfM "You Need One"
\ "^.7 (j 5 /A Wf Equal to finest withstand jar and
:-~--<<ZmßMr vibration of any automobile.
***RB^^ Prices $12 to $25
We Are the People
■who can fill any motorist's wants.
Some of Our Specialties Are:
Gasoline Storage Outfits
65 Gal. 12 Gauge Galvanized Steel Tank and drain back
. pump complete $35.00
120 Gal., same as above $42.50
Complying with fire ordinance.
Al»o Refrigerator liniikrtN for motorlsta. picnics and luncheons. Price* fI.'JJ and (I7.SS.
And Horsey No-Cement Inner Tube riiti-lu-tt — The favorite* everywhere. (1 worth
of merchandise for %l. Try a tiox.
Chanslor & Lyon Motor Supply Co.
945-947 South Main Street, Los Angeles.
Branch House* Man I'ranolnco, Seattle, Fre*no.
The Silent, Swift, Sporty - (
New Roadster Model
AN nddition to our line that Is causing Tvldespreac!. favor
able comment. Long:, clean, low, racy, finished in gray
with Spanish leather upholstery, this car is one whose ex- . .
terior beauty is exceptional and whose interior construction
Is equally uncommon. With double rumble or artillery seat,
as you prefer.
F. O. B. I.n» Angeles
With 5 lamps, Pre-t-O-IJte, Speedometer.
NEWELL MATHEWS CO.
1114-16 So. . Olive "it.", Phone F2074.
Why Does It Pay —i
I To Advertise Your Wares in The Herald Want Columns? J
1 — Because They Bring Results
TJptr% r Michelin Tires
A JLV^CIX Have Not Advanced
_^_ ,_. g* Best tires on earth, but at the
1^ V W same old prices. Why? Because
_f r~^ ¥ Michelin tires are made by people
S3 Br^ who own the raw stock right.
Wo carry all makes of
.. EVERYBODY SHOULD GaS Tanks
■JfNfiVfc 1 THAT
&"w*r in" and recharge any tank on short
_fin_n/li/p_rir We Build
\J \J\M V vill Automobile Bodies, Tops and
J Wheels; also do the best Job of
painting in the city.
r\ m Another one of our specialties on
IJV6rSIZ^O which we save you money is
Detachable c Glass, Fronts
Come to us flrst.
TIDCC THE MOTOR SHOP
W. % 1238 So. Main
are now sold at the same price as IN Ol - OllillCS
other standard makes.
THIS MEANS A REDUC- Kill JjUSIIICSS
TION OF FROM 20 TO 25 —the kind that will »aye you money If
_ „__-, ______ you are k"'"'K to buy an automobile. A
PER CENT FROM FORM- cm that you can use for busineu or
_ . _, . ______ nleaHure —anil on which the upkeep coat
ER COMPARATIVE I* light, and the price within the llmit-
__,,.__£, tlons of any pocketbook.
PRICES - You Might Pay More
With the greater su- Would Get No More
perionty in quality of The car - want to hell you ,„,_ _ claM
Goodvear TireS added by Itself. A lady can learn to drive It
,y j _«__ :_, easily and safely. A man can use It dally
to the reduction in /or hl , |,m r, , and go anywhere In the
r>rir#> they rise above country on Sunday where any other car
price, "icy rise -uuvc can go _,__ gat | gfact | on buy a
If you arc at all interested in tiros, £^Jfli£4%£+&*'ir
call on our tire experts. It will cost __"^!^A»t»l'' J '"""
you nothing. '^^BPSB*'*^^^^^
W. D. Newerf Air Cooled, Four
PukKar fn Cycle Motor Car
Kubber to. ; one for Demons ; ration
949-51 South Main St. Df Chas W Sny(
San FranCco Office lggl Twe]|th St .
815-51 Golden Gate avenue. Phone 51834. (Near We»tlake.)'