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Los Angeles Herald THOMAS K. GIBBON, President and Editor. | Entered as second class matter at the postofflce In Los Angeles. OLDEST MORNING PAPER IN EOS ANGELES rounded Oct. 2, IST:*- Thirty-sixth Tear. Chamber af Commerce Building. Phanes— Main 8000; Home 10811. The only Democratic paper in Southern California receiving full Associated Press reports. . ________ NEWS SERVICE —Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 26,000 words a day. ______________ RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WTH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Dally, by mail or carrier, a month....» .50 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months, I.M Dally, by mall or carrier, six months.. i.ii Dolly, by carrier or mall, one year ».»» Sunday Herald, ons year ■ • *-*° Postage free in United States and Mex ico; elsewhere postage added. | THE HERALD IN PAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles and South ern California visitors to San Francisco and Oakland will And The Herald on sale at the news stands in the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oikland by Wheatiey and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can he teen at the office of our English repre sentatives, Messrs. E. ond J. Hardy ft Co.. JO, 31 and 3: Fleet street. London, Eng land, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions and ad vertisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager. ___ ; Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN It is about time that the pugilistic phrase "to come back" should go away and not come back. Man engaged to a girl saw her wed another and killed himself. The good luck upset his mind, probably. After a few more dozen cities bar the fight pictures the Hearst scandal trust will claim that it did the business. Alienists will doubtless be able to prove Dr. Crlppen insane. He has been cultivating a beard in the heated term, for one thing. It is to be hoped that Teddy, Jr., and bride made the most of their honey moon joy, ,^r now they've got to live in San Francisco. When aviation becomes more gen eral monoplane cops will have to be provided to police the air. Get your applications in early. A noted eastern physician says the number of doctors is too large and should be reduced. Crippen and Cook have done their part of the work. Mr. Taft is pleased because treasury receipts are larger. Probably feels less uncertain about an appropriation for some more long railroad junkets next year. Only the standpatters are to receive aid from the Republican congressional committee. ; Well, the insurgents are not as likely to need the money as the other fellows. Political note from the paper of 1922: "Hon. James Smith, one of the can didates for governor, dropped into town today in his aeroplane to look after his fences." Mayor Gaynor of New York is help ing to restore good old forms of Eng lish speech. We are glad to see he addresses the board of aldermen as "sirs" instead of "gentlemen." An Oklahoma exchange notes the re cent presence in California of Gaylord .(sic) Pinchot. Yes, and he has been roasting the dickens out of Uncle James Cannon and boosting for Silas Johnson. "England has a railroad strike. We didn't know such things happened under government ownership," says nn exchange. The only fault with this sally is thai England doesn't own the railroads. The linen duster used to lie the dis tinguishing mark "1 tin "rube." Now it is worn by the prosperous city man who drives an auto. As in many other fashions, a great deal depends on the view-point. A local theatrical manager lias been arrested for displaying billboard scenes 01 robbery and murder. If that kind of shows wen ruled off the stage there would be no use for tin' paper on the billboards. The expense bill of L. 11. Glavis for going to Beverly to see Mr. Taft about Ballinger hat been refused. It would be interesting If somebody would look up the matter of II:' mile,-,-,. of the secretary win ho went, there i" hyp notize the president. "Who do you think will be the De .Ti ocratic candidate?" Uncle Joo Cannon was asked In St. Louis. "I am not thinking," .-aid the speaker. "I don't know, and, what is more, I don't care a damn." And it puzzles old Joe to learn that the public is caring several damns about things lately. SELLING BONDS WHEN the city of Los Angeles was facing its aqueduct crista and it was a matter of uncertainty how the financial tangle it was in would be unraveled The Herald said that it was wholly unnecessary that the city should be dependent upon brokers; that the old notion that municipal bonds could be disposed of only through bond houses, with a large rake-oft to them, was a financial superstition born and fostered by the money power of Wall street. "What The Herald said is confirmed by the experience of the city of Phila delphia, which recently found it diffi cult to place $5,000,000 of bonds at 4 per cent through the usual channels. It was then proposed to put them "on the counter" at home—to sell them direct to the people. This was tried, and to the surprise of the authorities the issue was quickly oversubscribed. The public proved to be greedy for the, securities, in spite of the fact that Philadelphia Is not particularly well managed. There is a lesson in this for other cities that is not likely to be lost, and bond dealers are apt to lose much of a fruitful source of income by the greed they have shown of late, In France it Is an old custom for bond Issues to be disposed of direct to the final holders, and In this fact lies an explanation of proverbial thrift of the French masses. The bonds are issued in small denomin ations so that the humblest investor can buy, whereas in this country the usual block is $1000. The French practice has had a won derful effect In fostering thrift among the people. But, it may be said, this would not do In the western country, where a higher rate of interest can be obtained for money. This reasoning will be found fallacious probably for the reason that most small investors have saved with difficulty and prefer an absolute safe security at say 4 per cent than a doubtful one at 7. The popularity of our federal government bonds all over the country is due mainly to this fact. The Wall street bond market Is con tinually gutted with water-logged rail road and other securities. A vast num ber of people will not trust that source. It is among this element, in every city, that good municipal bonds at low in terest will find a ready sale. The ex perience of Philadelphia is well worth remembering. THE MINING CONGRESS THAT the forthcoming session in Los Angeles of the American Mining congress, which will meet here on September 26, will be a note worthy gathering is already apparent from the list of probable speakers an nounced by the committee in charge of the program. In addition to John Hays Hammond, the world's foremost authority in mining and metallurgy, the occasion will probably bring Gov ernor Clark of Alaska; Gifford Pin chot, James R. Garfield, Senators Reed Bmoot of Utah, Borah of Idaho, Hey burn of Idaho, Perkins of California, Governor Gillett and many other not ables, and the meeting promises to be distinguished beyond any predecessor for the strength of its personnel. There is a possibility of the presence of former President Roosevelt, who has been invited. The Herald again urges the people of the city to make the most of this fine opportunity to press its claims as the logical center of the southwestern mineral world and the most desirable location for those who may seek a home Within close touch of mining properties. The evolution of the indus try has made Los Angeles its natural focal point. The great majority of the productive places are now far south of the line that once gave San Fran cisco Its advantage, and much of the importance remaining to that city in the industry today Is due to the pres tige gained long ago and the financial strength built up through it. The opportunity is now at hand to show the leaders in mining how strong this city has become in banking facil ities and general trade, how easy of access it is, and how far superior to all others its climatic charms make it as a desirable headquarters for busi ness or place of residence. The open ing of the harbor and of the Panama canal will make Los Angeles a ship ping point not excelled in the country. Chemists are finding ways to make the fumes of smelting works Innocuous, and if this is logically the center of exchange it is <ts truly the natural place for outdoor industrial branches of mining. in the case of most conventions there is given to us the one opportunity to lay before the visitors the charm? of Southern California as a home. In the case of the mining congress there is not alone that chance, but the greater one of showing the Important natural relation of Los Angeles to mining, with all tlie great possibilities it involves. It will not be the Los Angeles way if this opportunity Is permitted to pass without taking full advantage of it. A WRONG IMPRESSION INADVERTENTLY, the error be ing due to the substitution of one name for another, Tlie Herald stated in an editorial yes terday that "Mr. Stephens had gained no popular confidence," when it intended to say that Mr, Mc- Lachian had not gained the confi dence of the people. In discussing the candidacy of Prof. Lorin Handley for congress, it was the intention to compare him only 0 Mr. McLach lan, the incumbent, and not to w. D. Stephens, the Lincoln-Roosevelt league candidate. The Herald fre quently has had occasion to commend Mr. Stephens for his excellent service to the public and it believes that If Mr. Stephens and Prof, Handley are nominated at the primaries the voters will have two good men, Of whom they may choose one as theli 1 represen tative in congress. , LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 1, 19,10. SPtZOAX. CORRESPOWPEMT y //^^^^Ctaß^%fN_. b^M SP£CJAL'.CORRESPONDENT /^^^^^^T^X fflft $£ YHE^KU3T\TERROR,^ , ; ,M '' \V ?-0 Or .fw^^^m^flJ} (Common KEOPIk-jTHE HOPE opj , "iT TKPlMM^^^©©M * * V* 6 WA *tl<'N ~ (rFWimNQ? AN.E^CITINQ "RoUNP AS DEPICTEJ) *^ \. 't\ n^Ji .htf 'THEiANydLE'K'P,^ TO T?ET<RE Who SAYS «c can^com-eBACK* tkomtherinQj.; Exciting Views from Films That Haven't Been Prohibited — Philadelphia North American. WORTH CULTIVATING AN EMINENT Brazilian visitor in Los Angeles the other day said before his departure that the president of that country, General Her mes da Fonseca, purposed to visit this city during his coming tour of the United States. Governor Gillett, it is said, has invited the statesman to en joy the hospitality of California. it will be well worth while for Cali fornia to take advantage of the op portunity to make a good impression upon General Fonseca and cultivate his favor. Brazil is now a country of 20,000,000 population, enjoying great prosperity and a future market of large promise. Last year she sold to us $90,000,000 worth of coffee and other products and bought of us about $18, --000,000 worth of our goods. This bal ance of trade in the wrong direction is not creditable to us, for it is our own fault. We have allowed the British and Germans to get the greatest share of Brazilian trade by failure to foster our merchant marine. The opening of the Panama canal will not only bring a great new market near our doors for California fruits, grains, oils and manufactured articles, but will put within our easy reach raw materials that can be brought by ship to the future mills and factories of Los Angeles. Iron ore, wood and other necessities of Industrial life abound in Brazil in vast quantities. Overland freight rates are so high, with like lihood of going higher, that eastern supplies are Impracticable by railroad. By ship they could be brought from Fonseca's country for a tithe of the railroad rates. No man can measure the industrial possibilities of California when the canal does away with our present par tial isolation. Brazil will bo nearer by ship than many parts of our own coun try. Every dollar spent in cultivating the interest and friendship of that great country is likely to bring', a thousandfold return. PLAIN ENOUGH MR. ROOSEVELT returned from Africa and announced that he would take no stand in politics for two months. Gifford Pinchot and Marshall Stirn son called on him, and when they came to California they confirmed this state ment. Pinchot made some speeches for Johnson and Kent, and on the stump and in interviews expressly stated that he spoke only for himself in aiding "his friends." Philip Stanton's brother called on Roosevelt In New York, and expressed the fear that the ex-president was go ing to "mix in" California politics and hurt his brother's chances. Mr. Roosevelt telegraphed Stanton here thai he lias not indorsed either Johnson or Stanton, and doesn't pur pose to do so. There is nothing about this series of events that ought to puzzle anybody, or to got excited over. The former president is only avowing anew the de termination expressed on his return. Between the lines he says he knows nothing about the situation in Califor nia at first hand. He is keeping out, "Just as 1 have refused to take part in all similar contests." If anybody can extract any comfort out of that declaration either for John son or Stanton he doesn't understand the English language. A minor league pitcher has been sold to a major league club for $12,000, the record price. Now let some Mexican muckraker write a series of articles on "Barbarous America," where base ball players are sold into slavery. About the time the Los Angeles res ident is reaching out in tho night for that extra blanket, his relatives back cast are riding around in trolley cars gasping for breath because bedrooms are insufferable. Some More Fight Pictures Merely in Jest THE BURDEN OF WEALTH One spring, for some reason, old Eli was going round town with a face of dissatisfaction, and when questioned he poured forth his voluble tale of woe thus: "Marse Geo'ge, he come to me last fall an' he say, 'Ell, dis gwine ter be a hard winter, so yo' be keerful, an save yo' wages fas' an' tight,' An' I b'lieve Marse Geo'ge, yas, sah. I b'lieve him, an' I save an' I save, an' when do winter come it ain't got no hardship, an' dere was I wid all dat money jes' frown on mail Everybody's Magazine. PERSIFLAGE AT MRS. HASH LEIGH'S "Let's see," observed the smart boarder, seating himself at table, "how is it the proverb runs" "You refer to the saying that one man's meat is another's man's hash," put in one. "Or," said another, "Don't cry over skimmed milk." "Or, possibly," said a third, "In but ter there is strength." "No," returned the smart boarder, "the particular proverb I had in mind is 'None but the brave can face the f are "—Boston Transcript. TOO LITERAL "Oh, May! Jim and Bill fought a duel over me!" "How romantic! What happened?" "It was terrible! I came into the room and those foolish boys were pointing big pistols at each other!" "Pistols? Heavens! Were they load ed?" "Not a bit. They were both sober." Cleveland Leader. Far and Wide GIVES 'EM AN ARTISTIC FINISH How beautifully inspiring it is to no tice the shrinking modesty with which Capt. Archibald Wallingham de Gref fenreid Claverlng Butt* clings to the foreground in those photographs of the presidential parties.—Springfield Union. WILL EVEN THIS PERSUADE HIM? The report that Col. Roosevelt's con ference with Governor Hughes was per sonal and Intimate suggests tho hopo that the colonel was urging the gov ernor to get a clean shave before he mounts the supreme bench. THE POOR MONKEY'S HANDICAP A monkey was fined $1 in a Chicago court the other day for pulling the trimmings from a woman's hat, 'not having the human intelligence to get off on a technicality.—Columbus Jour nal. INSIDE INFARMATION? When the, governor of Nevada says "II was a glorious spectacle, and a good thing for the state,'' we are inclined to think he must have picked the winner. Memphis Commercial Appeal. A POSSIBLE NEW MERGER John D, Rockefeller says that soon all the Christian churches will be united. Has ha got a religious merger up his sleeve?— St. Louis Post-Dis patch. THE GREAT MAJORITY All Americans are horn free and equal. Most of t hem retain their free dom, but few succeed In remaining equal.— Chicago Record-Herald. A DRAWBACK The trouble With learning to shave yourself is that you have nobody else but yourself to practice on.Detroit Free Press. Public Letter Box TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intended for publication must be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. The Herald gives the widest latitude to correspondents, but assumes CO responsibility for their views. I etters must not succeed 200 words. SCORES DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S ACTIONS IN HORNING CASE Editor Herald: It is to be hoped the public will get a perfectly clear grasp of the Horning case, for the issues it involves are most important to all of us. In particular I hope it will under- stand the position taken by the dis trict attorney's office as explained by Deputy North in his letter published in this morning's Herald. Mr. North's letter begins thus: "This office is simply attempting to do Its duty in this matter and right art il legal wrong." The alleged "illegal" wrong is that a superior court Judge has made a ruling of which the dis trict attorney's office does not ap prove. , 'A-mtlm Does' Mr. North undevetand that he is an officer of the court, bound to obey its rulings until they have, after full trial, been set aside by a higher court? Does he not understand that in thus publicly branding the ruling of a su perior court as "Illegal" he himself is guilty of contempt of court? Our law is distinguished from that of barbarous countries simply by this — that when a man is accused of crime ha is entitled to have his accuser state when, where, against whom and In what manner he is said to have com mitted the offense, in order that he may know exactly what charge he has to meet. It was because the district attorney's office had not stated the means by which Horning committed the alleged crime for which he had spent twenty-one months In Folsom that Judge Hughes decided he must be set free. That ruling did not please the dis trict attorney that he had Horning re arrested on the serious charge of mur der, although he knew the charge would not hold. Then Mr. North comes out with a letter in which he speaks of the "numerous burglaries and rob beries with which he (Horning) might be charged." Here again Mr. North does the very thing Judge Hughes de clarer illegal; that is to say, he makes vague charges against the accused without saying when, where or against whom or by what means those alleged crimes were committed. Every step taken is in direct con tradiction of the usage of civilized countries, which decided long ago that it was only fair to the accused that ho should know exactly what accusa tion he had to face. The district at'orney's office has put itself in tho position of a Russian court trying political offenders, and that is a most serious thing for the credit of an American city. LAWYER. Los Angeles, July 30. SAYS SOCIALISTS LITTLE FITTED FOR GOLDEN AGE Editor Herald: Mr. Rubens letter would have been more satisfactory had he pointed out more fully the "egregious errors" he says my letter on Socialism contained. Instead he used the allotted space to give an enumeration of tie- idle and vain promises Socialism makes. At Socialist meetings one Is too often treated to flapdoodle oratory, and the writings of Socialists are rarely free from It. Sane and sound vlows are generally too tame for the average Socialist. His pronunclamento may bo read in the following sentence: The revolution Is at hand; prepare your selves for tho coming conflict. My contention penned in a previous letter is that all true and permanent Col. Watterson on Journalism It will be remembered that Prof. E. A. Roes recently told US in the Atlantic Monthly that the daily press is "run from the counting house" and domin ated by great financial and mercantile Interests, and therefore habitually sup presses important news through fear of the loss of advertising patronage. Prof. Boss gave striking, though anonymous, Instances to Illustrate his charge and, as quoted In our Issue for March 2G, advocated the institution of "privately endowed newspapers" as the best means of insuring fearless, undls crlmlnatlng publicity. Now, in the July number of the At lantic, Col. Henry Watterson, long and favorably known for his Independence and Strong personal force as editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal, takes the ground that journalism, even "counting room journalism." has not been fairly represented. "Disinterested ness, unselfish devotion to the public Interest," he writes, "is the soul of true journalism, as of true statesman ship; and this is as likely to proceed from the counting room as from tlie editorial room; only, the business man ager must be a Journalist." Further, "control must bo lodged somewhere. Whether it be upstairs or downstairs, it is bound to be—lf successful—both slngleminded and arbitrary, the embod iment of the inspiration and will of one man." The endowocd newspaper with a staff of "hobby-riders" would bo likely, we are assured, to present ex actly what suited the whims of those who were, at the moment, in control. As, for the suppression of news under the present system, Col. Watterson does not attempt to consider in detail the instances cited by Prof. Ross. Rut he intimates that the attitude of honest newspapers may be misconstrued. Per fectly proper and desirable editorial discrimination should not be regarded as suppression of news for financial reasons. Surveying the newspaper situation with a characteristically cheerful look forward, Col. Watterson concludes: "We are passing through a period of transition. The old system of personal journalism having gone out, and the new system of counting room journal ism having not quite reached a full realization of Itself, the editorial func tion seems to have fallen into a lean and slippered state, the matters of Three Millions a Day The United States government is spending more than $3,000,000 a day for every working-day of the year. This is what annual appropriations of $1,000,000,000 mean. And exclud ing the postal service, more than two thirds of this money goes to pay the cost of war and of preparation for war; Ninety years ago Sydney Smith, in an article printed In the Edinburgh Review, warned the American people what military glory meant in terms of taxation: "David porter and Stephen Decatur are very bravo men, but they will prove an unspeakable misfortune to their country if they inflame Uncle Sam into a love of naval glory, and inspire him with any other love of war than that which Is founded upon a determination not to submit to seri ous Insult and injury. Wo can inform Uncle Sam what are the inevitable consequences of being too fond of glory: taxes upon every article which enters into the mouth or covers the. back or is placed under the foot; taxes upon everything which is pleasant to see, hear, smell or taste; taxes upon warmth, light and locomotion; taxes on everything on earth and the waters under the earth; on everything that comes from abroad or is grown at home; taxes on the raw material; taxes on every fresh value that is added to it by the Industry of man; taxes on the sauce which pampers man's appetite and the drug that restores him to health; on the ermine which dec orates the judge and tho rope which hangs the criminal; on the poor man's Slavery in China In the foreign quarter of Shanghai there is a slave refuge which is doing good work and which will have to move Into commodious quarters before long. Concerning this institution the North China Daily News says: "It Is ten years since the institution was started, then In a small house in Sinza road; its present home, a Chinese building at the corner of Avenue and Ferry roads, was built in 1905, and it Is a proof of the extent to which the work of the refuge has grown that, whereas the total number of those who have passed through its hands since the beginning, is 13!, tho num ber of its present inmates is sixty four. The ages of the children vary between 2 and 17 years, and the cost of their maintenance is about $3 (Mex ican) a month. Two foreign ladles are in charge of the refuge and the chil dren are taught to read, to write and do arithmetic, tp cook and sew, to grow their own cabbages and so forth. They are also instructed in a non sectarian form of Christianity. When old enough they are, as a rule, mar- Studying Mice for a Cancer Cure Some conception of the great debt modern medicine owes to experimen tation on animals may bo gained from Dr. Frederick L. Wachenheim's arti cle In the current Atlantic. That the arteries contain blood and not air, Galen proved by cutting them in living animals, and that the blood circu lates was demonstrated by Harvey through experiments on dogs.. From these elementary physiological facts upward to an understanding of the more complex processes of the human system, the functions of digestion, the physiology of respiration, the pathol ogy of the brain and nerves, the prog ress of medicine has been In propor tion to its reliance on the dumb aid of the horse, cow, dog, ape, frog and guinea pig. To this humble co-opera tion is due the present knowledge of bacteria, antitoxins and serums, the treatment of tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, hydrophobia and cerebro spinal meningitis. In this debt the mouse promises to have a large share by providing the progress of society is based upon the mental and moral status of the people in the aggregate of that society. Tho reforms that can be had in a cer tain society or nation are wholly de pendent upon the Interior advancement Of the Individuals composing that so ciety, or nation and not upon legislative enactments which are an outcome of that Interior advancement. Human beings are Just entering the outskirts of civilization and they are as yet little more than tamed savages. The enormous progress made during tho last century is almost wholly social and intellectual, and not moral. Kind liness, charity, brotherly, feelings, (Literary Digest) tone and style honored rather in tho breach than In the observance. Too many 111-trained, uneducated lads have graduated out of the city editor's room By sheer force of audacity and enter* prise into the more Important posts. Too often the counting room takes no supervision of the editorial room be yond the Immediate selling value of the paper the latter turns out. Tilings upstairs arc left at loose ends. There are examples of opportunities lost throught absentee landlordism. "Those conditions, however, are eph emeral. They will yield before the pro gressive requirements of a process of popular evolution which is steadily lifting the masses out of the slough of degeneracy and ignorance. The dime novel has not the vogue It once hud. Neither lias the party organ. Renders will not rest forever content under the Impositions of fake or colored news; of misleading headlines; of false alarums and slovenly writing. Already they begin to discriminate, and more and more clearly they will learn to discrim inate, between the meretricious and the true. "The competition In sensationalism, to which we owe the yellow press, as it is called, will become a competition in cleanliness and accuracy. The counting room, which is next to the people and carries the purse, will see that decency pays, that good sense and good faith are good Investments, and It will look closer to the personal character and the moral product of the editorial room, re quiring better equipment and more ele vated standards. There will never ag*ln be a Greeley, or a Raymond, or a nana, playing the role of 'star''and personally exploited by everything ap pearing in journals which seemed to exist mainly to glorify them. Each was In his way a man of superior at tainments. Each thought himself an unselfish servant of the public. Tet each had his limitationshis ambitions and prejudices, his likes and dislikes. Intensified and amplified by the habit of personallsm, often unconscious. And, this personal element eliminated, why may not the impersonal head of tho coming newspaper— of his pro fession, and satisfied with the results of its ministration—render a yet bet ter account to God and the people In unselfish devotion to tho common in terest?" salt and the rich man's spice; on the brass nails of the coffin and tho rib bons of tho bride; at bed or board, couchant or levant, we must pay. The schoolboy whips his taxed top, tho beardless youth manages his taxed horse with a taxed bridle on a taxed road, and tlie dying Englishman, pour ing his medicine which lias paid 7 pel cent Into a spoon that has paid 15 per cent, flings .himself back upon his chintz bed which has paid 22 per cent and expires in the arms of an apothecary who has paid a license of a hundred pounds for the privilege of putting him to death. His whole prop erty Is then immediately taxed from 2 to 10 per cent. Besides the probate, large fees are demanded for burying him in the chancel; his virtues ars handed down to posterity on taxed marble, and he is then gathered to his fathers— to be taxed no more. In ad dition to all this, the habit of deal ing with large sums will make the gov ernment avaricious and profuse, and tho system itself will Infallibly gen-' crate the base vermin of spies and in formers and a still more pestilent race of political tools and retainers of the meanest and most odious description, while the prodigious patronage which the collecting of this splendid revenue will throw Into the hands of govern ment will invest it with so vast an In fluence and hold out such means of temptations to corruption as all tin virtue and public spirit, even of re publicans, will be unable to resist." The prophecy of 1820 is abundantlj fulfilled in 11*10 under a government whoso expenditures aro $3,000,000 a day. ried to well recommended Christian husbands—this is easily managed—<>» are put to some post In schools or hos pitals. As may be imagined, few chil dren can go direct to the refuge with out some previous weeks or even months In hospital. 11l treatment and scanty nourishment have reduced the majority to extreme delicacy. "Of the tragedies with which the refuge has to cope the following re cent case will servo as a good (lustra tion: A little girl about 9 years old had been brought by kindly neighbors to a hospital on the outskirts of the settlement; she was terribly cut about the head and body and was practically in a dying condition. When she be came better her owners claimed her, threatening to kill her when she should return. "She was taken to tho refuge, the superintendent of which was obliged to communicate with the police, in view of the owners' behavior. Finally the child was taken before the mixed court, by which she was formally handed over to the refuge, where, we are glad to learn, she is doing well." ' (New York World) medical profession with a better un derstanding of the nature of cancer. In connection with Dr. Wachenheim's ar ticle a parliamentary paper on animal experiments in England Is of interest as showing how the energies of medi cal science are now bent to find in mice the cause and cure of the baffling disease. Of the 86,277 medical experi ments on animals in England .and Scotland In 1909, more than one-half, or 45,182, were performed in the course of cancer Investigations, and of these the bulk were inoculations of mice. Other experiments had to do with the preparation and testing of anti-toxic serums and vaccines, the study of diseases of the lower animals, bacteriological tests, etc. But the Important thing is the devo tion of medical skill and attention to the mouse with a view to discovering In it the final key to a medical prob lem to which It has already furnished a clew. The tiny rodent, If it yields the secret, will have deserved tho grat itude of mankind. , equity and justice must exist among mankind before the Socialistic deca logue can be incorporated in society. Socialists themselves seem least fitted to ascend to that moral attitude, for they are constantly quarreling among themselves over their hair-splitting definitions of Socialism and over how the new commonwealth shall be run. It is also customary with them to de nounce everything under the sun which is not included in their Socialistic definition. The epithets of oppro brium are constantly on their lips while they arc waiting to usher in the "golden age." P. A. JENSEN. Lou Angeles, July 29.