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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, August 01, 1910, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1910-08-01/ed-1/seq-8/

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LODGE MEN BUILD
HOME FOR FRIEND
[Mechanics in Fraternal Organi
f. zation Make Record on
< Fifty-Second Street
WOMEN INSPIRE THE TOILERS
Sick Member of Woodmen of the
World Profits by Labor
of Brothers
What was probably the most rapid
home construction in the history of
Los Angeles took place yesterday when
a small army of skilled mechanics,
members of the fraternal organization,
Woodmen of the World, erected and
completed a four-room California house
on Fifty-second street, just west of
Central avenue, for their stricken
brother, James Harvey, who has suf
fered with rheumatism for the past
four years.
At '8 o'clock In the morning the work
of placing the foundation timbers be
gan, and with a hundred willing hands
helping It was not long before the
frame work was taking the form of a
house. Incessantly the numerous ham
mers rang until the noon hour when
a halt was called by the Women of
Woodcraft, the auxiliary order, who
served the workers to a generous din
ner. As they assisted the toilers to
the many good things to oat, the
charity work for the moment took on
the appearance of a Sunday picnic.
But there was no after-dinner rest
for the house-raisers. Back to work
they went at a higher tension than
ever. Sixteen laid shingles at one
time while as many nailed home the
upright board walls. Over this busy
scene the committee chairman, Wil
liam H. McGill, presided, and was
ably assisted by others of the commit
tee, W. H. L. Bufflngton, S. B. Hall,
Henry Walker, George Bowling and
Br. J. F. Dougall.
The plans of tho house called for
a sitting room 10 feet by 15 feet, two
bed rooms, one 10 feet square and
the other 8 feet square, a kitchen 7
feet by 8 feet, a bath room and a
porch.
When the women of the auxiliary
order stopped the work again at 3
o'clock to serve the men light refresh
ments, the roof and walls were about
completed. The painters had started
turning the exterior to a green hue
with white trimmings. The sewer hav
ing been put in in the morning, the
plumbers soon had their connections
made. As evening drew on it be
came evident that the papering and
a. few partitions would have to be
postponed until another day. This work
.will be completed next Sunday.
James Harvey, who benefits by this
act of generosity, is a member of the
La Fiesta camp of the Woodmen of
the World. Members of that organi
zation took over his business affairs
when It looked as if everything would
be lost through a mortgage on the
only piece of property he and his
mother owned, a 60-foot lot, on a por
tion of which the home was built. The
lodge committee, who were charged to
look after his affairs, advised selling
forty feet to clear the mortgage. On
the twenty feet remaining the home
was built, the lodge donating the lum
ber.
Neither Mr. Harvey nor his mother
were present at the house-raising, the
former being under medical care at Re
dondo, where his mother Is attending
him. However, both sent word of their
appreciation.
REV. GEISTWEIT SPEAKS
TO BAPTIST ASSEMBLY
Banquet Will Be Given in Hotel
Virginia
LONG BEACH, July 31.—"Treasure
In Earthen Vessels" was the subject of
the discourse given before the Baptist
assembly this morning in the First
Baptist church by the Rev. W. H.
Gelstwelt, D. D., of Peoria, 111. He
took for his text this passage: "But
God, who commanded tho light to
shine out of darkness, hath shined
Into our hearts to give the light of
the glory of God In the face of Jesus
Christ." The clergyman said In part:
"This is the tenth time I have come
before you, with as many addresses on
the one. general theme, 'The Deepen
ing of the Spiritual Life.' The gospel
of the Son of God is essentially a life
and Its expression is found not In a
creed but in a lived life. Ye shall
know them by their fruits of obeying
and not by their roots of believing. The
secret of the Lord Is with those who
fear him and not with those who boast
about him. 1 have heard a man say
that until he gets his coffee he is
disgruntled. Well, if your religion
needs coffee I would not give much
"The vessel does not dignify the
treasure but the treasure does dignify
the vessel. Why? 'That tho excellency
of the power may bo of God and not of
man.'" _. _,
The Baptist assembly Sunday school
at 9:45 this morning at the church, had
an attendance which packed the church
to the doors. At 11 o'clock the preach
ing service was held. The main audi
torium, Sunday school room and gal
leries could not accommodate the peo
ple. Special music for the service was
given by Miss Marian Jacques of Co
rona, who sang "Open the Gates;" and
an anthem by the chorus Choir, di
rected by C. P. Swift.
The program for tomorrow will in
clude:
Nine a. in., "Glimpses of Child Na
ture," Miss Rose Scott; 10 a. m., "The
Starting Point of Sunday School Peda
gogy," W. F. Harper; 11 a. m., "The
Church; What Does It Stand For?"
W. H. Geistweit. 7:30 p. in., stereop
ticon lecture. lemite and Yellow
stone Park" illustrated With stereop
ticon views.
A principal social feature of the as
sembly will be tin* Baptist Social union
banquet at Hotel Virginia Tuesday
evening. T. C. Roseberry, president of
the union, will preside and Robert J.
Burdette will be tho toastmaster. W.
H. Geistweit Is designated as the guest
of honor. The convention will come
to a close Wednesday evening with a
lecture by Dr. Geistweit on "The
World's Last Experiment."
APPROPRIATES MONEY TO
BUILD MEXICAN RAILWAY
El* PASO, Texas, July 31— leg.
islature of the state of Chihuahua,
Mexico, has appropriated 400,000 pesos
for' the building of a railroad from
Monclova, in the state of Coahulla, to
Chihuahua. The distance Is about TOO
kilometers, and the entire cost will be
ifiWtimjfeßoa.
ILL HEALTH OF AGED
MAINE SENATOR MAY
CAUSE RETIREMENT
jfy i- '■" v?Si__^ffl«<%2^^FE_^»^___i__^?*a
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SENATOR HIVE
SENATOR FRYE PLANS
TO QUIT PUBLIC LIFE
'Aged Maine Statesman's Pro
posed Retirement Arouses
Politicians
ROCKBAND, Me., July Sl.—The crit
ical turn which has been taken in the
illness of Senator Frye during the past
few days makes It more than probable
that the aged senator from Maine will
announce his retirement shortly In
order that the legislature may take
steps to elect his successor when It
meets. Representative Burleigh is al-
ready being discussed as a successor
of Senator Frye.
The Indications are that the Maine
legislature to be elected in September
will select two new United States sen
ators. Senator Hale has announced
that he will retire, but more recently,
according to his friends, has retracted
the announcement. Whether Hale vol
untarily retires or not there will be a
fight for his place, as former Governor
Cobb and Judge Frederick A. Powers
have already announced themselves for
the place. __„_._ _...»,
WOMAN SHOOTS FORMER
ANGELENO AND HERSELF
Mrs. Joseph Fraser Sends Son
from Room Before At
tempting Murder
SAN FRANCISCO, July 31.—Sending
her 9-year-old son out of the room so
he would not witness the deed she was
about to commit, Mrs. Otilla Frazer
shot and probably faAily wounded her
husband, Joseph Fraser, a newspaper
solicitor, tonight, and then turned the
weapon on herself, shooting herself in
the left side. Mrs. Fraser may live.
The shooting occurred in a southside
hotel. In a note addressed to the
coroner the woman said that her ac
quaintanceship with another man was
the cause of the shooting. The Fras
ers became estranged about a month
ago, but a reconciliation was effected
last night.
The shooting evidently was premed
itated and was precipitated tonight by
a quarrel. The Frasers have been
residents of Reno and Los Angeles.
DECLARES TROUBLE IS
WHOLLY COMMERCIAL
WASHINGTON, July 31. — Senor
Rlano, the Spanish minister to the
United States, discussed the troubles of
his country here tonight in an attempt,
as he expressed It, to correct a misap
prehension.
"The whole thing is a commercial
problem," he said. "Under the con
cordat of 1851 between Spain and the
holy see tho right was granted to the
societies of St. Vincent de Paul, St.
Felipe de Nerl, nnd one othor, to be
approved by the holy see to enjoy cer
tain privileges in Spain. Spain gave
the monks of these societies a refuge,
assurance of protection and the priv
ilege of carrying on certain kinds of
business without taxation. Since then
the monks barred from Europe and the
Philippines have flocked into Spain and
have almost crowded native Spaniards
out of business.
"It therefore became the duty of the
government to offer tome protection to
the Spaniards, and the holy see was
called upon to reduce the number of
monks. This the holy see did not do,
and thus has the present situation
arisen."
MOB LYNCHES NEGRO WHO
IS CAUGHT IN GIRL'S ROOM
CAIRO, 111., July 31.—The sr- -ns of
the young daughter of John 'W _. who
lives ten miles northeast of this . Ice,
resulted last night in the capture tind
lynching of a negro who had entered
her room- and was discovered at her
bedside. The negro had no time to
escape and dived under the bed. He
was dragged from his hiiWig place.
A body of men quickly gathered. The
negro was placed in a wagon and a
rope tied about his neck. The other
end of the rope was fastened to a tree.
The wagon was driven from under him
and his body was riddled with bullets.
BARNEY OLDFIELD MAY
RACE PUGILIST JOHNSON
NEW YORK, July 31.—Jack Johnson,
the negro champion, has found one
white cliaffeur who is willing to race
against him in an automobile. In a
telegram to the Associated Tress from
Allentown, Pa., today Barney Oldlleld
declares his willingness to race John
son.
"Automobile racing is my business,"
Oldfleld said, "and if Johnson, or any
other man In the world, has $5000 to
bet that he can beat me at my game
.I am ready, to race." „. ,
LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 1, 1910.
MILLIONAIRE'S SON
TAKES WILD RIDE
Cecil Costello Charged with
Fracturing Speed Ordinance
in Automobile'
TAKEN AFTER SWIFT CHASE
Motorcycle Policemen Travel 50
Miles an Hour in the Ex
citing Pursuit
Driving a new Pope-Hartford auto
mobile at a high rate of speed in Pico
street, Cecil Costello, 17 years old, a
son of Martin Costello, a millionaire
mining man and banker of 1417 South
Figueroa street, last night raced for
more than a dozen blocks before he
was overtaken and placed under arrest
by Motorcycle Patrolmen Coe and
Gardner. The officers say the young
man was driving at a rate-of fifty miles
an hour and faces a Jail sentence.
Young Costello took several friends
out to show them bow skillful he is In
driving an auto. The clear street
seemed to him an ideal opportunity
and he "let her out" and was traveling
at a high rate of speed when he was
seen by the motorcycle officers, who
were watching for speeders.
The mounted patrolmen gave chase
and raced at a speed of forty-five miles
an hour for several blocks. They found
they were being left behind by the rap
idly moving auto and let out their
motorcycles to the limit. When they
overtook the lad their speedometers
flickered above the fifty-mile mark.
Young Costello declared that he was
ignorant of the speed he was making,
and said that the car was a new one
and he wanted to see how fast he could
drive It. Because of his age he was
not locked! up In the city jail, but was
detained in the captain's office until
the arrival of relatives to bail him out.
Under the present city ordinance per
sons driving autos at a rate of speed
exceeding thirty miles an hour are lia
ble to a sentence of not less than ten
days In the city Jail. The ordinance
makes it mandatory on the police judge
to impose jail sentences for violations
of the thirty-mile limit.
• The mother of young Costello called
at the city prison late last night to
ball her son out. He had been taken
to the county jail, and as she was un
able to reach the probation officer, the
young man was forced to stay in Jail
all night.
When leaving the city prison in her
auto, Mrs. Costello ran the machine
over the sidewalk, smashing a bicycle
belonging to a messenger boy, which
was standing at the curb.
COUNTERFEITER'S DEN
EXPOSED BY BURGLAR
Police of Paris, Led to Capture
Marauder, Find an Old
''iiu^T Offender i' . I
PARIS, July 31.— invasion of a
workman's room by a burglar the other
day led to a very interesting discovery,
for which neither the would-be thief
nor the police who arrested him were
in any way prepared— If he had
had his choice, the occupant of the
chamber would certainly have pre
ferred that the Intruder should have
been allowed a little latitude and that
the agents of the law should have con
fined their activity to perambulating
the streets. The burglar had ascended
the staircase of the house In a very
stealthy manner, and after he had
given a few taps to the door in order
to ascertain whether the tenant of the
room was at homein which case he
would have apologized for having mis
taken the chamber and gone down
without exciting suspicion—he had
skillfully forced the lock and entered.
Unluckily for him the little maneuver
had been perceived by a neighbor, who
as soon as the burglar had got into the
chamber and closed tho door, ran
downstairs and Informed the concierge
of what was happening, so that every
path of egress should be cut off, and
then, like the good citizen that he was.
ho reported the episode to the first
policeman whom he chanced to meet.
A small force of agents of the law
was soon ascending that staircase, es
corted by the neighbor and the con
cierge. The first thing that the police
did was to capture the burglar, who,
seeing that the game was up, surren
dered without offering any resistance.
Then they looked around the room,
which was quite a large one, to ascer
tain whether he had gone very far in
his pillaging operations. The amaze
ment of the police may be Imagined
when they discovered on a big table
an entire apparatus for coining, full
evidence, if such were yet wanted, of
the intentions of its owner being forth
coming as well. On that same table
lay a number of two-franc pieces, some
of which had been turned out very
well, while others were failures. This
showed that the occupant of the cham
ber was only a beginner, but the Inten
tion to defraud was completely dem
onstrated.
The burglar, whose visit to this
chamber had led to consequences of
which he had never dreamed, was led
off to the station, whither he was soon
followed by the man whom he had
come to plunder, and who was taken
into custody on his return to his dwell
ing. This man, who was believed by
his fellow tenants to be an honest toll
er, has been found by the police to be
an old offender, who had already
undergone no lessithan seven sentences
of Imprisonment. So that little expedi
tion has led to the capture of two de
linquents Instead of one.
RAILROADS TO CONDUCT
GREAT ECONOMY BUREAU
WASHINGTON, July 81.— new
phase of railroad development will be
marked by the Installation ni this city
tomorrow by the railroads of the
United States of a bureau of railroad
economy, formal announcement of
which «as made recently from Chi
cago, Logan G. McPherson is dip
-in-chief.
"The bureau," said he today, "pro
poses to build up a complete railroad
library and to become a repository and
a source of Information for matters of
railway interest other than those of a
technical nature. It will not conduct
polemic discussion, nor is it a publicity
bureau, although It is hoped It may be
of public service as well as of use to
tho railroads. -.. J
Here's Your Chance
YOU are probably quite willing to jt <^> JCI;
spend your money when you see an oppor- I vif I^S
tunity to get a good deal of extra value for it. J^^-yKlA^^ffii
All of our Cheviot and Worsted ', ""',', $15 Suits $11 N log 1\ if /Jlj^^
All of our Cheviot and Worsted , ;—slB Suits $13 yffl 1 Aw/^l/HS,
All of our Hart Schaffner & Marx —$20 Suits $15 2£» I \ tf/ - I M
All of our Hart Schaffner & Marx $22.50 and $25 Suits $18 rW i W J) re
All of our Hart Schaffner & Marx $27.50 and $30 Suits $20 Mlf * I II Pa
All of our Hart Schaffner & Marx $35.00 and $40 Suits #25 I fly L M f§a
We are cleaning up our stock of summer weight v^rclT^Jv^S
suits. Most of them were made for us by • ' li^Vll /\^'*^^ '^^SJ
Hart Schaffner & Marx w M S
The price we have marked them at ought to Spin IL-ft^w^^PS
bring you in a hurry. If you get one of these Hart Schaffner & ■^j^A^Pj^^Jr^r
Marx suits, you'll get more real clothes-value for the money than Eg K^i^^iiAxj--^
you ever had before in your life. S^*^^l?^V*m: v"f v"h■s
C.»f riikt Hill XkUUf * lim
All Straw Hats Store Open Tonight
Greatly Reduced • Until 10 o'clock
F. B. SILVERWOOD
---,'■' 1
Broadway, Corner Sixth Street
PALACE OF PEACE
RISING IN HAGUE
Headquarters of International
Court of Arbitration Is
Under Way
LONDON, July 31.A correspon
dent of the Times at The Hague says:
Probably not one visitor In 1000 of the
multitudes who pass along the shady
avenue between The Hague and
Scheveningen has the curiosity to in
quire Into the meaning of a great
forest of scaffolding which is to be
seen on the left, at ■ a little distance
from the road. Just before you come
to the old tollgate which marks the
former boundary of The Hague. If
he does Inquire, he will learn that
among the scaffold poles Is rising the
Palace of Peace, the future headquar
ters of the International court of arbi
tration, toward the erection and main
tenance of which Andrew Carnegie
handed over to the Netherlands gov
ernment the sum of $1,500,000, "believ
ing," as the trust deed of October 7,
1903, has It, "that .the establishment
of a permanent court of arbitration by
the treaty of the 29th of July, 1899,
Is the most Important step forward of
a world-wide humanitarian character
which has ever been taken by the Joint
powers, as it must ultimately banish
war, and further being of opinion that
the cause of the peace conference will
greatly benefit by the erection of a
court house and library for the perma
nent court of arbitration."
ACCURACY BETRAYED
The usual accuracy of the current
"Baedeker" has been betrayed by the
abandonment of the ' site first pro
posed, which lies a mile away on the
other side of The Hague. The present
site forms part of the grounds of the
minlaturq palace which belonged to,
and in which died, Princess Anna
Paulowna, wife of King William II
and grandmother of the reigning queen.
Passing, In course of time, into the
hands of a company, the grounds, to
the extent at least of about sixteen
acres, were acquired by the govern
ment at a cost of over $290,000. The
old palace still stands by the gate and,
with Its lofty rooms and old-fashioned
decorations, forms charming quarters
for tho architects and their drawing
staff. It will, however, be swept away
when the time comes for laying out
the grounds of the Palace of Peace.
To make room for the great building
now in course of construction a large
space had first to be cleared In the
thick wood which covers the grounds.
The authors of the scheme have shown
equal wisdom and good taste in set
ting the building well back from the
road. The palace, built In brick and
stone, with roof of blue Welsh slates,
of an architecture partly putch and
partly Flemish In character, as the
noble proportions of some of the old
town halls of Belgium. The architect
is M L. M. Cordonnier of Lille, who
has associated with him as resident
architect J. A. G. van der Steur of
Haarlem. His design was selected out
of six leading architects of Great Brit
ain, Holland, Franco, Germany and
the United States, and an inspection
of some of the "next best" designs
which hang in the work rooms of the
old palaco leaves no doubt in the mind
of the visitor that the Jury chose right
| ly. M. Cordonnler's original design
1 has, however, been very considerably
altered, thereby gaining greatly in
compactness of internal arrangement
as will as in lightness of external ap
pearance.
COMPLETION IN 1018
The palace, on which 200 men are at
work and of which the roof has just
been begun, is expectetd to be finished
In 1913. It consists of a half basement
containing press rooms, a telegraph
and other offices, a heating and light
ing plant with fourteen boilers, accom
modation for the staff of the building,
and a spacious restaurant. It Is cred
ibly asserted that the more tangible
success of the first peace conference
as compared with that of the second
was largely due to the facilities af
forded the plenipotentiaries at the
House in the Wood of getting to know
one another over their lunch. However
that may be, the convenience of being
able to feed on the spot and smoke a
cigar In the garden afterward will be
immensely appreciated by those whose
duties bring them to conferences or
arbitrations in the Palace of Peace.
The main entrance is approached by
curving slopes, not steps. An arcade
with balusters In front extends on
either side. On the left rises a square
tower to a heght of about 260 feet. At
the opposite corner of the arcade and
In the outer wall of the great court Is
the foundation stone, laid July 30, 1907,
by M. De Nelldoff, president of the
second peace conference, with the in
scriptloin, "Pacl Ju3tltla flrmandae
Hanc aedem Andreae Carnegil Munlfl
centla Dedlcavlt." The great court,
which Is, of course, the Inner shrine
of the Temple of Peace, Is a hall about
seventy feet long, forty feet wide and
thirty-five feet high. On one side are
three large windows, on the other three
galleries. At one end is a fourth large
window, at the other the dais for the
tribunal. At the other end of a corri
dor lined with beautiful Greek and
Italian marble, and behind the base of
the tower above mentioned. Is the
small court, almost exactly half the
size of the great, and having also three
galleries.
ACOUSTIC PROPERTIES GOOD
The ceiling of the great court has
a barrel vaulting; that of the small
Is flat and heavily molded. The latter
seems likely to produce the better
acoustic properties of the two. The
remainder of this floor la occupied by
reading rooms, a map room, consulta
tion rooms and other appropriate ac
commodations for the parties to a ease.
On the upper floor, approached by a
magnificent staircase projecting into
the central courtyard, are the rooms
of the administrative council and'other
officials of the permanent court of
arbitration, and a library capable of
containing 200,000 volumes, with a book
lift to the reading rooms below. The
center of the building is occupied by
a courtyard 144 feet long and 111 feet
wide, with a fountain In the center
where the air to be breathed In "the
building will be washed before being
filtered and otherwise dealt with by
the ventilating appparatus. The whole
building is. roughly, 260 feet square.
All countries are contributing to the
adornment of the palace. The United
States gives a large marble group rep
resenting the present purpose of the
building, "Peace Through Justice," for
the first landing of the staircase.
CATHOLIC CHURCH WILL
EX-COMMUNICATE PRIEST
BERLIN, July Professor Schnit
zer, a prominent Bavarian modernist,
who has held high positions in the
universities of Munich and Wurzburg
and Is an ordained Catholic priest, Is
to be excommunicated. The letter of
the excommunication Is already In the
hands of the papal nuncio at Munich
and It will be'published as soon as the
Bavarian diet has been closed, thus
avoiding Immediate public discussion.
The professor has recently created
considerable consternation in Catholic
theological circles bythe books, the
first dealing with the claims of cer
tain early fathers to authority, and the
second being the elaborate examina
tion of historical data with the object
of proving that the papacy has no
claim to be considered of divine origin
or founded by Christ.
It's as easy to secure a bargain In a used
automobile, through want advertising, as It
used to be—and still Is—to secure a horse
and carriage.
COUNT ZEPPELIN
DEFENDS RIGIDITY
Noted German Declares His Plan
of Airship Construction Pre
vents Serious Action
EXPLAINS RECENT DISASTER
Says Deutschland Was in Grasp
of an Ascending Whirlwind
When Motor Stopped
BERLIN, July Count Zeppelin
does not share the opinion of most
experts that the destruction of the big
dirigible Deutscfiland was largely due
to defects Inherent in his system of
airship construction. On the contrary,
he is convinced that it was precisely
the special qualities of the vessel which
prevented the disaster in the Teuto
burg forest from Involving very seri
ous consequences to the passengers
and crew. He ascribes the loss of the
airship solely to "quite extraordinary"
meteorological conditions and the un
happy coincidence of the breakdown
of one of the motors at the critical
moment when driving power was most
needed. His account of the accident is
set forth In a manifesto penned on
board the Mainz on the eve of his de
parture for Spitzbergen, and is as fol
lows:
"The Deutschland got into an as
cending whirlwind, which carried It up
with Irresistible force to a height of
5000 feet. The rotation was shown by
the magnetic needle, which repeatedly
made a complete revolution on the
disc, while the barometer and baro
graph Indicated the elevation reached.
In consequence of the considerable
loss of gas at the high altitude the
airship, which was, moreover, heavily
laden with wet snow, sank down again.
The earth was invisible till suddenly
the tops of trees were seen only a little
distance below. The airship was then
directed upward with the rudders. But
when three or four yards of elevation
had been gained the front motor
ceased to work, and the speed was no
longer sufficient to raise the airship.
It then fell again, though only with a
speed of from three to five feet per
second, and soon the rear car, which,
through the upward inclination of the
front of the vessel, hung lower than
the other, struck with the full force
on the tops of the trees. Very soon
the whole airship was caught fast In
them. It only suffered serious injury
immediately In front of the -rear car,
where several girders were broken. A
complete smash-up and demolition did
not take place. Further destruction
was only caused afterward by the
storm.
MUST LEARN LIKE SAILORS '
"The breakdown of the fore motor
at the most critical moment was ap
parently due to lack of benzine, as the
motor Itself was quite In order. It is
true that there were still a few pints
of benzine in the tank, but it Is pos
sible that In consequence of the sharp
inclination of the ship this was not
sufficient to reach the pipe leading to
the motor. There was no general de
ficiency of benzine; on the contrary,
there was still enough to have fed
three motors for beveral hours. Pos
sibly, considering the difficult situa
tion in which the airship had been for
some time, the replenishment of the
tank of the front motor was postponed
too long. There can be no doubt that
the stability of the airship was only
impaired by its becoming involved in'
■ ,
an ascending whirlwind, with its ac
companying heavy fall of snow.
"The loss of buoyancy through the
elevation of the ship, the fall of tem
perature of about 15 degrees and the
covering of wet snow is estimated at
approximately two tons. Such storms
are fortunately only associated with
particular states of weather, like ty
phoons, which still claim victims at
set. But Just as sailors have already
learned to avoid these, so navigators of
the air will soon have no more reason
to fear whirlwinds. Passenger airships
can and will avoid them In future.
"The catastrophe in the- TeUtoburg
forest must remain unique of its kind.
That the memory of it is not a much
sadder one Is due to the method of con
struction of my rigid airship, which
obviates danger to the lives of passen
gers through the presence of large
structural parts which reduce to abso
lute harmlessness the force of the im
pact against solid bodies, as well as
through extended lower surfaces, which
exclude too rapid a fall." •• ■ • • v..
The count lays down the following
principles for future passenger Jour
neys: '
"In the first place, a thorough con
sideration of the general meteorological
conditions, from which the probable ap
pearance of whirlwinds is always to bo
inferred. If it Is desired to undertake
passenger trips from a place of shelter
to which it is absolutely necessary to
return the Journey must be commenced
against the prevailing wind in order to
Insure a return to the starting point.
It is not enough to travel only a short
distance against tht wind till the su
periority of the airship's speed to that
of .the atmospheric current has been
demonstrated. The speed of the wind
may Increase, or that of the airship bo
decreased by the breakdown of the
motors in such a way as to render a
return impossible.!* ■•_" . .
VERTICAL SCREW considered
The champion of the rigid system
further returns to his old demand that
suitable anchoring grounds for airships
should be laid down at as many dif
ferent places as possible to provide for
the eventuality of an involuntarily In
terrupted voyage. Count Zeppelin ad
mits that the use of his airships is con
siderably limited .by the force and
direction of the wind. He overlooks,
however, the two chief objections which
other experts make against his system;
namely, its high cost, and the practical
certainty of total destruction when his
craft is compelled to descend during a
storm on difficult ground, where no
preparations have been made for Its
reception. *
Many people are of the opinion that
the Deutschland would have been over
taken by Its melancholy fate with Just
as much certainty even if the storm
had not be'en complicated by a whirl
wind. A semi-rigid or non-rigid air
ship would have descended aPsoon as
its own speed was overcome by that
of the wind. The ripping cord would
have been pulled, and the component
parts of the vessel would have been
packed on to carts and carried back to
the starting point. But the Zeppelin
must go home either with its own mo
tive power or not at all, and the per
centage of cases In which the latter
alternative has come to pass has been
very high.
It is an interesting fact that the
ballooning department of the army Is
now considering the advisability of
fitting its airships with vertical screws,
with a view to facilitating ascent.and
descent, experience in maneuvers hav
ing shown that it Is very difficult and
dangerous to bring a dirigible to earth
where 'no special arrangements . have
been made to assist the process, • ■■-■
j£.« LEGAL NOTICES „:..\
STOCKHOLDERS' MEETING— -
To the stockholders of the Western Trust
Company, Los Angeles, Cat:
Notice Is hereby given that the annual
meeting of the stockholders of your com
pany will be held Monday, August 1, 1910 i
at the offices of the company. 111 - Wast
Fourth street, at 3 o'clock p. m. All stock
holders are requested to be represented,
either In person or by proxy.
By order of the Board of Directors of tha
Western Trust Company.
__ - . J. 8. TORRANCE. President.
Morgan Adams, Secretary, a 7-11 to 8-1 Inc.

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