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August 14, 1910.
*- — rmmm—^mmr: »' EDITED BY HAROLD KINQSLEY HEALTH AND THE SCIENTIFIC SANITATION PHYSIOLOGY FOR CHILDREN LOUISA BURNS I'm lilr College of Ontvo|mtli,v bne of the most frequent causes for the various stomach disorders of grown people is the habit of improper eatiiiK. If parents spend days In money mukiiiK to provide for their children's future. if they plan, with great care the best possible educational advantages for them, if they provide as best they may for their social advancement, If they seek by giving and loving and anximis thinking the best good for their chil dren surely they should not neglect the more important matter, that these chil dren shall have bodies clean and strong and well nourished, efficient, well trained and obedient to the demands of the life in its finest aspects. The development of good bodies meant the development of good ways of living. The development of a strong body means the development of the habit of using good food atid using It properly. The best of food Is of no value to the person who Is unable to digest It. And the most Important asset in life is the ability to choose good food and to digest It well, making use of its nutritive properties to pro vide the strength needed for each day's work and play. The planning of foods for growing children is a science and an art In it self. For this time, it is enough to say that the foods placed before children should be simple in kind, Including very few kinds of food at each meal, but of considerable variety when the week's list Is made out. The require ments of active muscular exercise and of rapid growth must be considered in choosing food for children. This being provided, right habits of eating must be taught. Perhaps the most harmful habit into which children full is that of hasty eating. Fund is bolted, half chewed, and thus hunger is not satisfied easily, too much food is swallowed, digestion is injured both by the chunks forced upon a helpless stomach and by the excess of food taken. In order to get down quickly it is fairly flooded with drink. In preventing this habit, constant telling is of very little use. The causes underlying the tendency to bolt food must be taken into consideration. To compel the classical "forty chews" ,tp each mouthful, or to cloud the meal time with reproofs for hasty eating, simply lessen the natural pleasure in eating, interfere with digestion and cause the child to shorten the uncom fortable period as much as possible. Children sometimes eat too rapidly because they are anxious to go out to play again. This tendency may be overcome by compelling a certain time to be spent at the table whether he has finished his eating or not. If children eat at the table with grown people, then they should sit through the meal, and they should be served as the others are served, though the food may be different. If they have their own table then the mealtime may be made long enough to provide time for eating prop erly, and no excuse of lack of appetite or of haste should be permitted to in terfere with this time. The time thus spent ought not to be made uncomfort able. There should be talk of a pleas ant kind, if any. Most important of all things to be avoided is the custom of talking about the faults or the inef ficiency of children at the table or im mediately after a hearty meal. Let it be understood that a certain time, at least twenty minutes usually, should be spent at the table whether he has finished his meal or not, and one great obstacle in the way of proper eating has been removed. Another cause of hasty eating Is found in the excessive hunger of grow ing children, and also In their weari ness. They should not be allowed to begin a hearty meal while hot arid tired from play. If they cannot be called in time to rest and become somewhat cool before eating, then they should not be given a hearty meal until later. Three meals a day are not enough for children who are growing rapidly. They should be given food more often, and the meals must be lighter. The child uses much more energy in proportion to his size than does a grown person, LOS ANGELES HERALD SUNDAY MAGAZINE HAROLD KINGSLEY but his stomach is not so very much larger proportionately. His needs are belt met by live regular meals, each of light and easily digested food. He is not then furiously hungry at any time. If he has nut a proper appetite tor live meals, then tht times should be length ened. Here the best test in the end is the way that any particular cu.stjm agrees with the child. The extra meals need not be made of any particular trouble. A cup of bread and milk, or a slice of bread and but ter, or a sandwich, serve the parpOM as well as anything. The thing to be attended to is simply that it shall be given at a fairly regular time. The habit of piecing irregularly is harm ful. Children with this habit seem al ways more or less hungry, but rarely have a normal appetite for good foods at mealtime. Another cause of hasty eating is lack of attention to the food. Late studies in the digestibility of foods prove that those foods are most easily and thor oughly digested and most truly nour ishing which are eaten with pleasure. The enjoyment of the taste of food stimulates digestion in an excellent manner. It is a matter of common knowledge that appetizing food causes "the mouth to water," as the saying is. The same stimulation affects the other digestive glands. Digestion is improved by the very fact of enjoying food. The tasting and thinking of the taste make it necessary to chew the food, and to eat more slowly. The sense of taste is of great value in avoiding the loods which are unfit for eating. If people gave more attention to the taste of food there would be less danger of ptomaine poisoning, as well as of other less dangerous forms of poisoning. There are thus three very good reasons why people should taste their foods, and should develop a keen sense of taste. Children may be taught to use this sense of taste in several ways. At least a part of the table talk should be given to the taste of the vari ous foods. Sometimes the flavor may be made the subject for discussion. In some kinds of food ingredients may be kept secret, and the children be al lowed to determine from the tasle what fruits or vegetables enter into its com position. A number of methods tor the development of the sense of taste may bo improvised. The only thing impor tant is that some methods may be used by means of which children may be taught to use this very helpful and neg lected sense. Among a certain class of people meal time is considered as an unavoidable time of "coaling up," a necessary evil, to be hastened through with as quickly as possible and with as little diversion of thought from the important affairs of the day as possible. Among another certain class eating is a thing of phys ical enjoyment, and a gastronomic er ror is a crime. Life Is endurable only because it makes eating possible. These have no conception of the digestibility of food—their only thought is that this, that or the other thing tastes good, and that it does not cause immediate and violent pain. There is another class of people, and may their number never increase, who spend the mealtime talking about the digestibility of the various classes of food on the table. They speak with an air of unlimited wisdom of the tenden cy of tomatoes to produce cancer, of the danger of worms upon lettuce, of the injury that olive oil does to the liver, of the bad breath that even the slightest flavor of onion produces, of the hives sure to result from the use of egg in any form; but by the time all this discussion is ended the salad has disappeared to the last scraping. Between all these errors is a happy mean. The food values are understood by the person providing the menu. The process of eating is one of the dally pleasures, and its enjoyment is in creased by tho social delight of meeting others at tho table. The taste of the food is part of the pleasure. The dis cission of the taste of the articles pro vided is part of a proper table talk. The discussion of food values, of di gestibility, of individual digestive pow ers is impolite and execrable. Other subjects of conversation should not be so profound or so affecting as to lessen the enjoyment of the taste of the foou. The time spent in eating is time well spent, since it is this which provides the strengtli for the other, presumably not less enjoyable, affairs of the day. CONSERVATION OF ENERGY The principal of the conservation of energy is universal throughout nature. By living in harmony with this prin ciple, man mayi prolong his life period to a hundred years, and enjoy the use of his faculties, practically unim paired, until the close. But how shall we do this? How shall we conserve bodily energy so that the physical machine may run smooth ly and evenly? By observing the laws which govern other machines. Any piece of mechanism, run to excess, will soon wear out. If this is true of iron and steel, how much more so of the delicately organized, wondeifuily adapted physical machine. The craze for exercise is pulling down racial longevity, and will make the next generation distorted, deformed in shape, thin, dyyspeptic and energy less, deficient in mental and moral power. Its women will be ungainly and masculine in appearance and character. Let. us look at the facts. Who are the men who live the longest? Clergy men, authors, scientists, lawyers—men who take very little exercise. On the other hand, says the Medical Brief, farmers, who take much exercise, fol lowing the plough, the sportsmen who hunt, fish, play golf, etc., are short lived. It is the air which benefits. Enough exercise to put all the muscles into play, start the blood moving and ex pand the lungs is good. It stimulates the assimilation of oxygen and the eliminating organs. But a half mile out and a half mile back is a sufficient constitutional for any one. It is the regularity of ex ercise which tells, not the amount. No one should experience a feeling of weariness after exercise. If he does he is wasting his energy and doing himself harm. He needs that energy for digestion, for thinking, etc. The unnecessary breaking down of tissue, during heavy exercise, makes a man feverish, causes toxemia, heart and kidney strain. Athletes notoriously die early. They may be models of muscular manhood, but their vital organs are prematurely worn out. On the other han, we are constantly reading of some old man or woman dying in the county poor house who has passed the century mark several years. Many of us have grandmothers who have reached the nineties hale and hearty, yet who took no exercise the last twenty years of their lives. Animals do not force themselves painfully, through immense efforts of will, to undergo fatiguing exertions. They stretch and yawn a few times a day and, forage a little, yet they keep in excellent condition because al ways in the air. It is time for us to make a stand against this athletic craze. The swing ing of ponderous clubs and dumb bells, rowing heavy machines, pulling up weights, walking fifteen or twenty miles a day, chasing a golf ball, etc., is needless and injurious to any one. Take moderate exercise, but be careful to guard against fatigue. Such exer cise is a very different thing from the severe and senseless efforts required by teachers of gymnastics and exer cise fiends. If people would live long and healthy they should take their exercise under the advice of a common sense phy sician, not at the instance of gym nasts and friends. The wrenching of muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves and blood vessels are giving all kinds of puzzling pathological conditions, dislocated visr cera, etc., traceable to over exercise, If we only knew where to look for it. Rupture is often caused by an insane effort to take exercises prescribed by some gymnast. UNPLEASANT TRUTHS It is reported that three or four women, a short time ago, withdrew from a Bt. Louis law college because they did not like tlie manner in which their professor treated the subject of the divorce laws. Such women did right to withdraw. They never should have been allowed to enter. Women who are so sensitive—as women—have no right to occupy space in any place where they can be offended at any thing that a man must know and lis ten to. If to become a good lawyer a man must hear unpleasant truths, a woman Is a fool who objects to lis tening to the same truths on the plea that she is a woman. Truth, facts, law, medicine, know no man, no wom an. I'ersonality is not considered. Law, medicine, religion, deal with the facts of this life as we find them, and no words are strong enough to express our disapproval of any attitude of mind that would tone down facts to meet a suppositious delicacy in the mind of any person, whether man or woman. Think of a woman physician who would ignore the horrible facts of syphilis and other unclean diseases. i.ow could she properly treat her women patients, or even children who, unconsciously and without any wrong on their part, have become infected. How can a woman lawyer properly ad vise her clients in divorce cases unless she is perfectly familiar with all causes for divorce, all things that lead to that unhappiness in the home that drives men and women to the di vorce court? A girl should have sense enough— and be taught it if she does not have it—to listen to any truth that her brother must know, and to listen to it, also, told with the same frankness and openness that her brother must heed. National F"*' B**' Percolator l«l Company \W!r\ 909 South Mam St., bjiy Jj= Los Angeles. yeji — Phones— 19"9; / ■ \ F1978. Will Furnish You With Pure, Cool WATER, All You Want, far 50 Cents \^ ,5? a Month. "^ Rheumatism Free Booklet on treatment and diet. Read It and you will fully understand your case and cure yourself quickly. Call at any of the Sun Drug Co.'s stores or write Uricsol Chemical Co. MM North Lm Aaa-aIM street. Bare Bye« and M«o«r—M»T OLAflgKp OROTJVD TO FIT EACH JETO at baU rea-ular prices. ■' DR. NICHO1& II years' practice; 7 years in present Id eation (but store Is new). . Oold Filled Frames *1 and no. lit W. Fifth, between Main and Bprtimt. Chronic Diseases SPECIALTY. DISEASES OF THE SKIN, KIDNEYS, BLADDER and PROSTATE. DR. W. F. THURSTON (London and Edin burgh). Broadway Central Building, 424 So. Broadway, suite 706-707. Formerly of Hot Springs, Ark. 15