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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, August 14, 1910, Image 61

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1910-08-14/ed-1/seq-61/

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August 14, 1910.
*- — rmmm—^mmr: »' EDITED BY HAROLD KINQSLEY
HEALTH AND THE SCIENTIFIC
SANITATION
PHYSIOLOGY FOR CHILDREN
LOUISA BURNS
I'm lilr College of Ontvo|mtli,v
bne of the most frequent causes for
the various stomach disorders of grown
people is the habit of improper eatiiiK.
If parents spend days In money mukiiiK
to provide for their children's future.
if they plan, with great care the best
possible educational advantages for
them, if they provide as best they may
for their social advancement, If they
seek by giving and loving and anximis
thinking the best good for their chil
dren surely they should not neglect the
more important matter, that these chil
dren shall have bodies clean and strong
and well nourished, efficient, well
trained and obedient to the demands of
the life in its finest aspects.
The development of good bodies
meant the development of good ways
of living. The development of a strong
body means the development of the
habit of using good food atid using It
properly. The best of food Is of no
value to the person who Is unable to
digest It. And the most Important
asset in life is the ability to choose
good food and to digest It well, making
use of its nutritive properties to pro
vide the strength needed for each day's
work and play.
The planning of foods for growing
children is a science and an art In it
self. For this time, it is enough to say
that the foods placed before children
should be simple in kind, Including
very few kinds of food at each meal,
but of considerable variety when the
week's list Is made out. The require
ments of active muscular exercise and
of rapid growth must be considered in
choosing food for children. This being
provided, right habits of eating must
be taught.
Perhaps the most harmful habit into
which children full is that of hasty
eating. Fund is bolted, half chewed,
and thus hunger is not satisfied easily,
too much food is swallowed, digestion
is injured both by the chunks forced
upon a helpless stomach and by the
excess of food taken. In order to get
down quickly it is fairly flooded with
drink.
In preventing this habit, constant
telling is of very little use. The causes
underlying the tendency to bolt food
must be taken into consideration. To
compel the classical "forty chews" ,tp
each mouthful, or to cloud the meal
time with reproofs for hasty eating,
simply lessen the natural pleasure in
eating, interfere with digestion and
cause the child to shorten the uncom
fortable period as much as possible.
Children sometimes eat too rapidly
because they are anxious to go out to
play again. This tendency may be
overcome by compelling a certain time
to be spent at the table whether he has
finished his eating or not. If children
eat at the table with grown people,
then they should sit through the meal,
and they should be served as the others
are served, though the food may be
different. If they have their own table
then the mealtime may be made long
enough to provide time for eating prop
erly, and no excuse of lack of appetite
or of haste should be permitted to in
terfere with this time. The time thus
spent ought not to be made uncomfort
able. There should be talk of a pleas
ant kind, if any. Most important of all
things to be avoided is the custom of
talking about the faults or the inef
ficiency of children at the table or im
mediately after a hearty meal. Let it
be understood that a certain time, at
least twenty minutes usually, should be
spent at the table whether he has
finished his meal or not, and one great
obstacle in the way of proper eating
has been removed.
Another cause of hasty eating Is
found in the excessive hunger of grow
ing children, and also In their weari
ness. They should not be allowed to
begin a hearty meal while hot arid tired
from play. If they cannot be called in
time to rest and become somewhat cool
before eating, then they should not be
given a hearty meal until later.
Three meals a day are not enough for
children who are growing rapidly. They
should be given food more often, and
the meals must be lighter. The child
uses much more energy in proportion
to his size than does a grown person,
LOS ANGELES HERALD SUNDAY MAGAZINE
HAROLD KINGSLEY
but his stomach is not so very much
larger proportionately. His needs are
belt met by live regular meals, each of
light and easily digested food. He is
not then furiously hungry at any time.
If he has nut a proper appetite tor live
meals, then tht times should be length
ened. Here the best test in the end is
the way that any particular cu.stjm
agrees with the child.
The extra meals need not be made of
any particular trouble. A cup of bread
and milk, or a slice of bread and but
ter, or a sandwich, serve the parpOM
as well as anything. The thing to be
attended to is simply that it shall be
given at a fairly regular time. The
habit of piecing irregularly is harm
ful. Children with this habit seem al
ways more or less hungry, but rarely
have a normal appetite for good foods
at mealtime.
Another cause of hasty eating is lack
of attention to the food. Late studies
in the digestibility of foods prove that
those foods are most easily and thor
oughly digested and most truly nour
ishing which are eaten with pleasure.
The enjoyment of the taste of food
stimulates digestion in an excellent
manner. It is a matter of common
knowledge that appetizing food causes
"the mouth to water," as the saying is.
The same stimulation affects the other
digestive glands. Digestion is improved
by the very fact of enjoying food. The
tasting and thinking of the taste make
it necessary to chew the food, and to
eat more slowly.
The sense of taste is of great value in
avoiding the loods which are unfit for
eating. If people gave more attention
to the taste of food there would be less
danger of ptomaine poisoning, as well
as of other less dangerous forms of
poisoning. There are thus three very
good reasons why people should taste
their foods, and should develop a keen
sense of taste. Children may be taught
to use this sense of taste in several
ways. At least a part of the table talk
should be given to the taste of the vari
ous foods. Sometimes the flavor may
be made the subject for discussion. In
some kinds of food ingredients may be
kept secret, and the children be al
lowed to determine from the tasle what
fruits or vegetables enter into its com
position. A number of methods tor the
development of the sense of taste may
bo improvised. The only thing impor
tant is that some methods may be used
by means of which children may be
taught to use this very helpful and neg
lected sense.
Among a certain class of people meal
time is considered as an unavoidable
time of "coaling up," a necessary evil,
to be hastened through with as quickly
as possible and with as little diversion
of thought from the important affairs
of the day as possible. Among another
certain class eating is a thing of phys
ical enjoyment, and a gastronomic er
ror is a crime. Life Is endurable only
because it makes eating possible. These
have no conception of the digestibility
of food—their only thought is that this,
that or the other thing tastes good, and
that it does not cause immediate and
violent pain.
There is another class of people, and
may their number never increase, who
spend the mealtime talking about the
digestibility of the various classes of
food on the table. They speak with an
air of unlimited wisdom of the tenden
cy of tomatoes to produce cancer, of
the danger of worms upon lettuce, of
the injury that olive oil does to the
liver, of the bad breath that even the
slightest flavor of onion produces, of
the hives sure to result from the use of
egg in any form; but by the time all
this discussion is ended the salad has
disappeared to the last scraping.
Between all these errors is a happy
mean. The food values are understood
by the person providing the menu. The
process of eating is one of the dally
pleasures, and its enjoyment is in
creased by tho social delight of meeting
others at tho table. The taste of the
food is part of the pleasure. The dis
cission of the taste of the articles pro
vided is part of a proper table talk.
The discussion of food values, of di
gestibility, of individual digestive pow
ers is impolite and execrable. Other
subjects of conversation should not be
so profound or so affecting as to lessen
the enjoyment of the taste of the foou.
The time spent in eating is time well
spent, since it is this which provides
the strengtli for the other, presumably
not less enjoyable, affairs of the day.
CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
The principal of the conservation of
energy is universal throughout nature.
By living in harmony with this prin
ciple, man mayi prolong his life period
to a hundred years, and enjoy the use
of his faculties, practically unim
paired, until the close.
But how shall we do this? How
shall we conserve bodily energy so that
the physical machine may run smooth
ly and evenly? By observing the laws
which govern other machines. Any
piece of mechanism, run to excess,
will soon wear out. If this is true
of iron and steel, how much more so
of the delicately organized, wondeifuily
adapted physical machine.
The craze for exercise is pulling
down racial longevity, and will make
the next generation distorted, deformed
in shape, thin, dyyspeptic and energy
less, deficient in mental and moral
power. Its women will be ungainly
and masculine in appearance and
character.
Let. us look at the facts. Who are
the men who live the longest? Clergy
men, authors, scientists, lawyers—men
who take very little exercise. On the
other hand, says the Medical Brief,
farmers, who take much exercise, fol
lowing the plough, the sportsmen who
hunt, fish, play golf, etc., are short
lived.
It is the air which benefits. Enough
exercise to put all the muscles into
play, start the blood moving and ex
pand the lungs is good.
It stimulates the assimilation of
oxygen and the eliminating organs.
But a half mile out and a half mile
back is a sufficient constitutional for
any one. It is the regularity of ex
ercise which tells, not the amount.
No one should experience a feeling
of weariness after exercise. If he
does he is wasting his energy and
doing himself harm. He needs that
energy for digestion, for thinking, etc.
The unnecessary breaking down of
tissue, during heavy exercise, makes
a man feverish, causes toxemia, heart
and kidney strain.
Athletes notoriously die early. They
may be models of muscular manhood,
but their vital organs are prematurely
worn out. On the other han, we are
constantly reading of some old man or
woman dying in the county poor
house who has passed the century
mark several years. Many of us have
grandmothers who have reached the
nineties hale and hearty, yet who took
no exercise the last twenty years of
their lives.
Animals do not force themselves
painfully, through immense efforts of
will, to undergo fatiguing exertions.
They stretch and yawn a few times
a day and, forage a little, yet they
keep in excellent condition because al
ways in the air.
It is time for us to make a stand
against this athletic craze. The swing
ing of ponderous clubs and dumb bells,
rowing heavy machines, pulling up
weights, walking fifteen or twenty
miles a day, chasing a golf ball, etc.,
is needless and injurious to any one.
Take moderate exercise, but be careful
to guard against fatigue. Such exer
cise is a very different thing from the
severe and senseless efforts required
by teachers of gymnastics and exer
cise fiends.
If people would live long and healthy
they should take their exercise under
the advice of a common sense phy
sician, not at the instance of gym
nasts and friends.
The wrenching of muscles, tendons,
ligaments, joints, nerves and blood
vessels are giving all kinds of puzzling
pathological conditions, dislocated visr
cera, etc., traceable to over exercise,
If we only knew where to look for it.
Rupture is often caused by an insane
effort to take exercises prescribed by
some gymnast.
UNPLEASANT TRUTHS
It is reported that three or four
women, a short time ago, withdrew
from a Bt. Louis law college because
they did not like tlie manner in which
their professor treated the subject of
the divorce laws. Such women did
right to withdraw. They never should
have been allowed to enter. Women
who are so sensitive—as women—have
no right to occupy space in any place
where they can be offended at any
thing that a man must know and lis
ten to. If to become a good lawyer
a man must hear unpleasant truths,
a woman Is a fool who objects to lis
tening to the same truths on the plea
that she is a woman. Truth, facts,
law, medicine, know no man, no wom
an. I'ersonality is not considered.
Law, medicine, religion, deal with the
facts of this life as we find them, and
no words are strong enough to express
our disapproval of any attitude of
mind that would tone down facts to
meet a suppositious delicacy in the
mind of any person, whether man or
woman.
Think of a woman physician who
would ignore the horrible facts of
syphilis and other unclean diseases.
i.ow could she properly treat her
women patients, or even children who,
unconsciously and without any wrong
on their part, have become infected.
How can a woman lawyer properly ad
vise her clients in divorce cases unless
she is perfectly familiar with all
causes for divorce, all things that
lead to that unhappiness in the home
that drives men and women to the di
vorce court?
A girl should have sense enough—
and be taught it if she does not have
it—to listen to any truth that her
brother must know, and to listen to
it, also, told with the same frankness
and openness that her brother must
heed.
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SPECIALTY. DISEASES OF THE SKIN,
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burgh). Broadway Central Building, 424 So.
Broadway, suite 706-707. Formerly of Hot
Springs, Ark.
15

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