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NSURGENTS DOWN GIO.P: OLD GUARD' Strong Personal Machine Loses to Followers of Hiram W. Johnson ANDERSON IS A POOR THIRD S. P. Organization Given Worst Defeat It Has Ever Re ceived in State (Continued from rase Onel will and co-operation which at all times should govern the Just relations and common efforts of capital and la bor. I shall do my utmost to take all our public institutions out of politics and in my appointments I shall be guided solely by the qualifications of honesty, efficiency and humanity." Returns from the south late tonight Indicated another insurgent victory among the Republicans of the Seventh congressional district. Forty-nine pre cincts out of a total of 250 in Los An geles gave Stephens, insurgent, 2956; McLachlan, regular and Incumbent, ISI4. It is thought that the insurgents have carried the city by 5000. RETURNS SCATTERING For the other offices returns are very scattering. They would Indicate that Johnson has carried to victory the j jjority of his ticket, but an esti mate of the vote is impossible. For lieutenant governor, Albert J. Wallace seems to have a strong lead, and the only conclusion to be drawn from the meager figures on the advisory vote for United States senator is that John D. Works has been nominated. For attorney general, Frank Mc- Gowan has ran a strong race against U. S. Webb, the Incumbent, but Webb's nomination is indicated. For many offices there are no figures at hand. As the Democrats had no contests except in the Fourth con gressional district, their ticket will ap pear on the election ballots ns it did in the primaries. In the Fourth district Julius Kahn. the Republican incum bent, was without opposition, while E. P. TJey and Arthur MacA-rthur strug gled for the Democratic nomination. No figures on the outcome are at hand. From the slowness with which re turns are coming in it Is safe to say that several days will be required to determine the outcome of the legisla tive fights. No figures on any but the gubernatorial race, some of the con gressional contests and other offices In a haphazard manner have been re ceived from many parts of the state. Secretary of state—Jordan 4431, Mor row 1479, Mouser 1270, O'Brien 3977, Wagner 3056. Controller—Mattlson 6458, Nye 6461. Treasurer—Williams 11,472. Attorney general—McGowan 7757, Webb 7262. Surveyor general—Alberger 5938, Kingsbury 6242. Clerk supreme court —Bemis 5369, Caughey 2549, Fitzgerald 2278, Taylor 2949. Superintendent public Instruction- Hyatt «514, Ware 5362. Superintendent state printing—Me- Donald 1546, Phillips 2707, Richardson 2433, Shannon 5745, Smart 463, Thorpe 955. i Congress, Fifth district—Davison 3452, Hayes 4353. United States senator—Meserve 3496, Spalding 4614, Works 3085. JOHNSON MAKES STRONG SHOWING IN RIVERSIDE Spalding Leads by Substantial Majority for U. S. Senate rF;>orinJ to The Herald] RIVERSIDE, Aug. 16.—Johnson and Wallace have wnn in Riverside county over all candidates. In some local pre cincts Johnson was a 15 to 1 favorite. Anderson or Stanton may get secqnd place, Spaldlng leads by a substan tial majority fnr the United .States senate and Smith has more than a 3. to 1 lead ovefr Kirliy !<>r congress. Co burn is probably elected sheriff over Wilson, incumbent. G, R. Freeman won the nomination for the assembly without opposition. Only two Demo cratic candidates were on the ticket, Shaver and Kimbell, for re-election as supervisors, and both are probably elected. The remainder of Hi.- <■minty TINY BABY HAD DREADFUL ECZEMA On Hands, Face, Nose and Mouth. Hard Crust Formed and Cracked Open. Blood Ran. Itched Fright fully. Mitts on Hands, No Rest. Got Cuticura. In 3 Days Relief. In a^Week Cured Without a Mark. * "I have a little baby almost a year old. When it was two months old it got eczema on top of both he/ hands, on her face and Inside her nose and mouth. She refused to think jj^ and ono of liar eyes /jjSpj£\ almost closed up. A WyiiWfi / hard crust formed V. * /i* and would crack open '■l/Cr' and the blood ran out. /<T^__D\ It itched so Jiljht jeCyT~lfTvTV-aX fully that the podr VV/I l\l \v>*-nlttla jrirl COUld not Mjgcd lx\ l\lL*A»li' « 8 hod to J;onp /My/in*'. ' ' \Lyijtii>Kttoi> liar harul.no l(Krr)A. v^fiu keep nfr from scratch v&ftf//^ * =- Jly' Inn a,t her faco and / J_lier mother was forced A, _£!. to Bit in a rocking |23? t-^—rrr/vt2rr"chair with the baby •nvi^^^^J^day and night. We .Jsr??Cri /i^VV had a very rood doc (LjOr^r—^~-<j. tor mo hf did all tliut J" he possibly could to relieve the baby's torture but the results were not wu»t we bad looked (or. "Wa had read of the Cutlrura remedies so we want to the drugstore and got some Cutl cura eoap and Cutleura ointment, We used them Just a.i directed and in three days tho cruit i>eean to come off. In a week there was no mor»*oal> and now the baby Is curi-rl with out a mark, bleeps, soundly In her cradle and her phranta In thdr bed, with no more Bleep l«7» nlirnti becaiwe of the baby's suffering. Outfeur» weni a wonderful remedy for this <MtoanA and any one havlnir ecr.erna should not delay in getting it. Henry M. Fogel, R. F.D. 1. Bath, Pa., Dec. 9. 1009." CtrtlouM Hem«Jte« told throufhnut th« world. Potter Dru« * <*•». Corp . Sol. Prop., Boston. 49-Mallod Int. 3i-P»g* Culture book, conuininj tavaluable advice on tSo Treatment of 3kln Troubles. ticket was re-elected. The vote was large in the county and returns are in complete, owing to the remoteness of many precincts. SAN FRANCISCO VOTE REACHES HEAVY TOTAL Returns Equal Those of Regular State Election BAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 16.—Fine weather brought out a heavy early vote at the primaries here today, many workingmen voting: before going to work. From the size of the vote cast during the first two hours, the total promises to be as heavy as at a reg ular state election. It was stated at Democratic headquarters that con tests for local, district and congres sional nominations in that party were bringing out most of its registered strength. No disorder was reported from any of the polling places, although the workers were more than usually active about the booths. The day was sunny but cool, and it was expected the in fluence of these pleasant weather con ditions on the size of the vote cast would be considerable. At the several headquarters of the gubernatorial candidates the men who are watching the count tonight were being organized. The usual rumors that plans had been made to count out certain candidates were circulated and some of the organizations were planning to take extraordinary precau tions to prevent frauds. Fearing a clash between the watch ers for the rival camps, the police held all of the watchers in reserve tonight. The 215 polling booths which had been provided for today's primaries proved Inadequate. In the city and county primaries last fall only 149 booths were used, as against 320 for the general election, but the Increase made for today's primaries was quickly proved to be Insufficient and the regis trar of voters stated at an early hour that hereafter ha would provide as many polling places for the statewide primary as for the general election. In the thirty-second senatorial dis trict half of the registered vote had been cast by noon, and It was esti mated then by the election commis sion the figures for that district would be duplicated throughout the city. By noon 30,000 ballots were cast In this city, and Registrar Harrington estimated that a total of at least 55, --000 would be deposited before the polls closed. Similarly heavy voting was reported from Oakland, Berkeley and Alameda. On the contrary, reports from Interior points indicated a marked falling off in the expected totals. Sac ramento, Eureka and others reporting that the vote would not exceed B0 per cent of the registration. At the Curry headquarters In this city it was claimed at noon that Curry would poll 60 per cent of the total Republican vote of San Francisco. Similarly optimistic claims were made by the Johnson managers with re spect to Alameda county. Anderson's managers adhered to their prediction that Anderson would go out of San Francisco with a plurality of 3000. PREDICTS JOHNSON WILL CARRY EVERY COUNTY SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 16.—Speak ing for Hiram Johnson, Albert Mc- Cabe, secretary at his headquarters, said tonight that Johnsoh would carry every county In the stato with the ex ception of San Francisco, where he expected Curry to have a plurality of 3500. The office was a scene of Jolli fication. Many congratulatory mes sages were received by the Insurgent candidate and among the callers was Theodore Roosevelt, jr., who came to shake hands with Johnson on his vic tory. JOHNSON'S FATHER IN RACE SACRAMENTO, Aug. 16.—Indications point to tho nomination of one league and one regular candidate for the leg islature from this city. Howe, the league candidate in the Eighteenth, is beaten by Judge March. Bliss, league candidate in the Seventeenth, has a lead over Grove L. Johnson, father of Hiram Johnson. JOHNSON CARRIES REDLANDS REDLANDS, Aug. 16.—Johnson car ries Redlands about 100 over Anderson, with Stanton a poor third. The Lin coln-Roosevelt league carried the city on the state ticket and probably on the senatorial and legislative candidates, but lost on the county ticket. H. J. Mclver defeated C. T. Gilford for jus tice of the peace after a hard contest. JOHNSON LEADS AT POMONA POMONA, Aug. 16.—Pomona gives: For attorney general, McGowan 78, Webb 167; governor, Johnson 128, Stanton 124; associate Justice of the Supreme court, Melvin 82, Sloss 103, Wilbur ISO; congressman. Seventh dis trict, McLachlan 192, Stephens 61. HAMMEL NOMINATION IN DOUBT 2:30 a. m. —At this hour the nomina tion of W. A. Hammel, regular Repub lican for sheriff, i sin doubt. It was conceded earlier In the night. Gains by lie La Monte, however, leave the result uncertain. MAN KILLED IN ATTEMPT TO PROTECT WIFE'S LIFE HINTON, W. Va., Aug. 16.—Dying as the result of wounds received in a vain attempt to save his wife frm being murdered, John Ailiss today identified u.s liis assailant onr- of several negroes arrested after the corpse of Mrs. Alllai had been found near her husband at Qulnton yesterday. There Is every in dication that a lynching Is Imminent. NEW PROCESS NOW USED FOR BALLOON INFLATION PAHIS, Aug. 30. —An interesting ex periment relative to the intlation of bal loons of airships haa neon carried out at the park of the Aero club. A spherical balloon of 200 cubic me ters capacity was Inflated by a new process. A powder, called hydrogenite, packed In oapiUlet, was UMd for the experiment. Each capsule, when light ed by a match, produce* Imm diately eight cubic meters of hydrogen, with a lifting- force of HSO gramme*. The pur est hydrogen, as manufactured by MM. Lebaudy, has a normal lifting force of 1175 grammes to the. cubic tneter. The apparatus required weiH'is about 1700 pounds, and the simplicity of the pro coupled with the fact thai no wa ter is required, makes it probable that it will be of considerable utility for airships In war conditions. AFTER MISBOURI TOGA JEFFERSON CITY, Auk. 16.—Sterl ing B. Bond of St. Louis tiled declara tion today of being a candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States senator. LOS ANGELES HERALD: WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 17, 1910. STATE IS WRESTED FROM S.P. CLUTCH Meyer Lissner Describes Fight Which Culminated in Yes terday's Triumph ACHIEVEMENT IS GLORIOUS Credit Given Herald as One of the Most Potent Factors in Winning Fight MEYER LISSNER Notwithstanding: the fact that the first direct primary nominating law enacted In the state of California by an unwilling machine controlled legis lature was made as difficult as possi ble in its practical application, the vot -1 ers of California have demonstrated that they have the intelligence to take advantage of the opportunity given them to nominate their own can didates without the intervention of packed caucuses, primaries and boss controlled conventions. In the glorious" achievement of the redemption of California from govern mental control by the political bu reau of a great railroad corporation Los Angeles county has borne no small part. The real initiative of this work was started In this county, particularly in the city of Los Angeles, five years ago, when partisanship was eliminated from our municipal affairs. The success achieved In delivering the city of Los Angeles from Its local bosses, who were simply a part of the state-wide Southern Pacific political machine, encouraged those who have taken part In that movement to en deavor to accomplish the same result for the state, and the Ltncoln-Roose velt Republican league movement was started three years ago at a very small meeting held in the city of Los Angeles, at which representatives were present from different parts of the state. GOOD GOVERNMENT ASSURED The people of California have been ready for this movement for a long time; they have not worn the. yoke of Southern Pacific political domination willingly or with patience; but It re quired some leadership and some un selfish work on the part of men who were willing to suffer criticism, mis representation and abuse for the good of the cause. The result compensates for all of that. California has been redeemed. We shall have a governor, state executive officials and a legisla ture worthy of the people of the state. The members of the legislature from Los Angeles county who have been nominated and who will undoubtedly be elected constitute the cleanest, most Intelligent and most representative delegation from this county that It has ever had the privilege of sending to Sacramento. Too much credit cannot be given the Los Angeles Herald for the magnificent spirit with which an independent Democratic newspaper subdued par tisanship In its laudable and successful effort to assist In a movement which transcends all partisanship. The Herald has demonstrated that It has been one of the most potent factors in the redemption of the county of Los An geles and the state of California from corporation control. BEKINS AND MANSFIELD WINNERS, SAYS NORTON Gives Herald Credit for Defeat of Machine Men Who Were Their Opponents ALBERT M. NORTON Chairman Democratic County Central Com mittee. The Democracy of Los Angeles county extends Its thanks to the Dem ocrats of the Thirty-eighth senatorial district and the Third Supervisorial district for the nomination of Martin Beklna and J. L. Mansfield. Since the famous Democratic county convention of August, 1908, Democracy has shown that It will nominate clean good gov ernment men when put to the test in a contest with machine men. Unless later precincts change the re sults from a personal eanvasa of tho returns, both Mr. Bckins and Mr. Mansfield have been nominated by good majorities, which would have been larger if some Democrats had not been deceived Into thinking that be cause they had signed a nominating petition of Mr. McDonald or Mr. Hid den they were legally bound to vote for them. Without any attempt whatsoever to even suggest the naming of any dele gate to the county convention of Aug ust 27 the last work of the Democratic county central committee will bo ln domed by fully 95 per cent of the del egates to that oonvetnlon. The county centra] committee feels that ltl untir ing work in building up an almost per fect organization in this county to work in the effort to elect clean, good government men to office will have Its effect in the coming election. Good government is so firmly entrenched in Democracy's ranks that it can never be dislodged. The very small percent age of Democrats who wrote in the name of Republican candidates on their ballots shows that Democracy te familiar with the tricks of the politi cians. Let all Democrats remember that from now on all our untiring efforts will be used to elect our ticket nom inated at yesterday's primaries. Too much praise cannot be given to The Herald for the remarkable work It has done in the interest of good government. Without Its aid the de feat of Mr. Beklns and Mr. Hidden would not have been posHlble. The Democracy of California Is greatly In debted to it for its magnificent work. JOHNSON LEADS STANTON BY 8000, SAYS CAMPBELL BY KEMI'ER B. CA-MPBKIA, Secretary Unt-018-Kooeavelt League. ~ Hiram W. Johnson, the next gov ernor of California. The Republicans of this peerless commonwealth should be proud that they have thus acquitted themselves In this their llrst opportunity to ex press a direct choice for nominees for the various state offices. It has been a long but a glorious fight, terminating In a victory which shows In no uncertain terms the tem por .if the people of California as to the U*u« before them. Returns received at the headquarters up to 13:30 o'clock this morning Indi cate Johnson's plurality over Stanton In I.us Angeles county at from 8000 to 10,000 votes. I desire to take this oportunlty to thank each of those loyal precinct commltteemcn and workera-ln the Lln coln-Roosevelt league of this county who have, during the past few months, devoted so much of their time, and means to the fight for the estadlish ment of true Republicanism. To these men is the credit due. ALMOST BLIND, TOTALLY ILLITERATE, CASTS BALLOT Board Declines to Help H. Bue kowsky in Voting H. Buekowsky, 63 years old, of 502 North Bunker Hill avenue, presented himself at the polling place of pre cinct No. 39, at Bunker Hill avenue and Sunset boulevard, and declaring that he can neither read nor write and is almost blind, requested aid In pre paring his ballot. Ervln Dingle, "regrular," was will- Ing to give the man aid, but S. A. Waldron, good government worker and captain, of eight precincts, objected to the procedure, declaring that when Buekowsky registered, he swore he could read and write, 'and alleging that the man's eyesight was good.. Although expert legal opinion wai sought and given, the men who ar rayed themselves against each other because of the man's request for as-. siatance, could not agree and so Buekowsky finally said he would do the best he could alone. Because of the secrecy of the ballot what may be quite an oddity In the way of a ballot, providing he really cannot read, write or gee clearly, Is lost forever to tho public. Other troubles in the same district were caused by literature of the "reg ulars" and the good government men. They could not agree upon wnere it should be displayed and so nelttier side had much of It to show the voters. The children of the neighborhood, however, finally confiscate*! mucn of It, and liberally covered the streets with It. The youngsters also caused much apprehension for their safety by their frequent requests for rides In the au tomobiles and other conveyances which took voters to the polls and among which the children played. Most of tho youngsters were given their de sire, the politicians taking time to let them ride a block or two. RELEASE FROM RAILROAD RULE PLEASES STIMSON Gives Credit for Victory to Work ers in Precincts MARSHALL STIMSON The result of today's election is the strongest proof that the men who placed their confidence in the rank and file of the Republican party were not mistaken. The leaders of the Lincoln- Roosevelt Republican league have al ways felt that if the real Republicans of California could be given an oppor tunity to fairly express themselves that they would nominate for their party candidates men who are free from the domination of the railroad "machine." This result has not been achieved without hard work, for In the many years during which the railroad has controlled our state government It has managed to place every possible ob stacle in the way of a popular expres sion of the will of the voters. Our success today in Los Angeles county was due to the untiring and loyal work of the men In the precincts. They went Into this fight with a snap and vigor that drove the "machine" workers off their feet. I When the men who have been nom inated take office they will put legisla tion on our statute books that will wipe out many of the clumsy features of the present law. We will have the short ballot and elect fewer offices and exercise more care in their choice. This fight was made for a principle and by men who were urged on by their enthusiasm for that principle. The result will be of untold benefit to our state. L-R. WORKERS STRUGGLE WITH 'PUSH' HIRELINGS Good government workers had a hard struggle with "push" employes yesterday at 238 East Second street, where voters In precinct No. 119 went to vote. They complained that only "regulars" were on the election board, and that they persisted in keeping the "stickers" of their candidates on the same table with the ballots. Another complaint was that the "stickers" also were placed in the voting booths. Good government men finally suc ceeded In keeping the literature wher« it belonged, they reportd. REPUBLICAN VOTER ASKS, 'CAN I VOTE L-R. TICKET?' J. Perry Wood of Pasadena, candi date for the Republican nomination for the superior court judgeship, was telling yesterday of a voter of the Crown city, who approached him and asked this question: "Mr. Wood, I registered as a Repub lican —can I vote the Lincoln-Roosevelt league ticket?" JAIL GUARDED BY TROOPS CHARLESTON, W. Va., Aug. 16.— State authorities have decided to call our Ferretville and Charleston com panies of state militia to protect the Jail at Hinton, where a negro charged with the murder of John Aillss and wife is in custody. . FEARS POVERTY; ENDS LIFE DENVER, Aug. 16.—Afraid to face the future painted by her invalid hus band, with whom she was discussing the family finances, Mrs. Emma Frei berg, in the midst of the conversation, seized a bottle of carbolic acid and swallowed its contents. She dlnd at a hospital. Freiberg was discharged from a hospital yesterday, whero he had un dergone an operation. His illness had left him in straitened circumstance*. FARMERS DEFEAT BRIGANDS MILAN, Aug. 20.—A band of brigands who had descended the mountains which had defended the mountains around Palermo on a cattle raiding expedition was intercepted near Oaro nla by a strong muster of farmers. After two 'of the brigands had been killed th« rest scampered away, leav ing ■ trail of blood from a third mem ber of the party, who had been severely wounded. Among the dead la the no torious chieftain, Candlno. BISHOP SHINNER Bishop of Superior , l| Endorses the Neal Three-Day Drink Habit Cure After Sending a Patient to the Superior Institute Who Was Cured Perfectly in Three Days Superior, Wisconsin,' August 1910. To the People * of the State of Wisconsin ■■ •' . , and Head of the Lakes. Some two months ago my attention was called to the Neal Three-Day Drink Habit Cure by the Company opening an institute in this city. ■ Recognizing the social evil of the drink habit and the curse of liquor, I became interested and was instrumental in sending to the institute one of our Superior citizens, who, otherwise, except his drink ing, was a splendid man. But liquor had him bound hand and foot, for he had been a habitual drinker for more than twenty years, and late years to great excess. , While the patient was under treatment at the institute I visited' him and I am so pleased with the' results of the treatment that I have no hesitancy in giving the Neal Cure my endorsement, for he was a changed man, completely, and said that all desire, craving and appetite for liquor had been taken away from him, in three days. The Neal Cure is a Godsend to any man who is bound by the chains of strong drink. A. F. SHINNER, Bishop of Superior. Rt. Rev. Monsignor Flavin Letter Dcs Mom.9 . la., Feb. 9. IIU. ; «***»,£,'^rTy nectary j all^e. cmvln^and appetite tor To "Whom It May Concern: the institute to be treated. This I a grand, good work, and a great My attention having been called did, and I am pleased to nay that benefit to humanity, to the Neal treatment for the cure ■ he was cured perfectly, and the M. FLAVIN, of the drink habit, and their claim patient assured me with great Pastor St. Ambrose Church, that it did cure in three days, forcefulness that he no longer naa elicited my personal investigation, the inclination to drink, and that Dcs Molnes. lowa. CURED IN THREE DAYS A PERFECT CURE. NO HYPODERMIC INJECTIONS. tendance, with every care and at- The Neaf internaTtreatment cures Refuse to take any treatment for tontion and the utmost privacy, > the periodical, occasional or moder- the drink habit where hypodermic HOME TREATMENT. ate drinker, the habitual and ex- injections are given, for they are so The treatment sent to th horn, cessive drlAker, and the nervous liable to result In blood poisoning. The treatment sent to the homo man who has to drink to keep from from the use of an infected needle, •with plain directions for taking and becoming more nervous. It takes through the carelessness of others. may be | yen to a six-year-old child away all inclination to drink, all de- PLAIN CONTRACT GIVEN. with no thought of Injury. All mall trallzlng the poison of alcohol in Each patient is given a plain con- sent in plain envelopes, seaed the system an Pd ridding the blood tract, agreeing to effect a perfect 'v">'tn^« £ n hn" Cad of the poison by a rapid process of cure in three days, without hypo- Call. »T te '* .yl?'^: elimination, leaving the drinker in dermic injections. way 4M5. Home A 4072. for copy of *v. , j,*,' 4 i in i. *,» .„. u.# rtrn . . tnG contract ana free nook. J\£ai tutlM IIS so far as the effect INSTITUTE TREATMENT. , Institute, 945 S. Olive St., Lob An of &O? may be conce«ed-all The comforts of a refined home geles. Cal. Bank references as to appetite for drink gone, and he a are afforded all patients at the in- the company's responsibility cheer new man. ' stltute; board, room, physician's at- fully given. For Further Information Call, Write or Phone The Neal Institute of Los Angeles 945 S. Olive St., Los Angeles Phone Home A 4072 Broadway 4065 ROOSEVELT PLANS SPEECH IN SOUTH Former President Replies to Invi tation from Promoters of Commercial Congress (Associate Free!) NEW YORK, Aug. 16.—1n response to an invitation to address the South ern Commercial congress at Atlanta in the spring of 1911, Theodore Roosevelt has Just sent a letter to Charles Hall Davis, chairman of the congress at Pe tersburg, Va., in part as follows: "August 16, 1910. "My Dear Sir—lt is not possible as yet for me to answer definitely, but I believe that on my trip to California next March I shall pass through the southern states, and I hope that it can be arranged that the Southern Com mercial congress hold its meeting then in one of the cities through which I am able to pass. If so, it will be a very real pleasure to me to be present and to say all that I can in behalf of this admirable movement." AUSTRALIA INDUSTRIAL TRIBUNALS IMPARTIAL Investigate All Sorts of Problems Associated with the Dis tribution of Wealth SYDNEY, N. S. W., Aug. 20.—Steady and very significant developments are taking place under the operations of industrial tribunals now established in five out of the six states of the com monwealth of Australia. Though these do not Bfcure unbroken industrial peace, they have composed many dif ferences. Independently of practical gains they are furnishing every other day some valuable lessons In practical economics. In the course of their in vestigations all eorta of subsidiary problems associated with the distribu tion of wealth, of which most people never suspected the existence, are pressed upon these tribunals in one form or another. Every detail of the conditions under which the working population lives, every change in their necessities wrought by alterations in political and social environment; every process in the manufacturing indus tries, with its effects upon those en gaged in it; every aspect of the rela tion between employer and employe are liable to be Inquired into, and many are being explained with pre cision by the people actually con cerned. This Is done before an Impartial authority, whose business it is to deal with or allow for these varied and varying factors in the life of working people. Such matters must have come from time to time in name shape be fore employers and employed. But their discussion in the presence of the public and their examination- by minds free from the prepossessions of self interest have a far higher social value. They make possible the correlation of similar sets of facts in different em ployments; elicit naw •uggestions for the (solution of industrial difficulties, furnish the historian and the economist with a capacious storehouse of ma terial for new Inferences. What is per haps more useful still, the proceedings of thfso tribunals let light into the dark places of the social system, so that it becomes dally more difficult for the well-to-do half of the community to remain unaware how the half that is not well-to-do manages to live. One important question, already the subject of study in many lands has been dealt with by an award of Mr. Justice Higgins In the boot trade dis pute, given in his capacity as presi dent of the federal arbitration court. Some of tho chief matters in dispute arose out of the question of appren ticeship, which presents difficulties that crop up nowadays in every coun try in nearly all industrial undertak ings. The men always strive for a rigid limitation of the number of ap prentices, partly, no doubt, because they do not want to see work that might employ a well paid man done by an underpaid boy, and partly be cause they want to keep up.wages by limiting the supply of fully qualified men. The employer, on the other hand, naturally enough, wishes the system extended rather than curtailed. His aim is to get h!s> lnbor cheaper, while he shares the public interest In see- Ing that an ample supply of compe tent workmen is always at hand. Mr. Justice Higgins, after an ex haustive inquiry into the working of the system in the boot trade, arrived at the conclusion that the appren ticeship system is unsuitable for fac- Low Round-trip Fares From Los Angeles »o tfc* . Greatest Summer Resorts in the World } New York $10812 Boston-vsl Vta Big Four—New York Central Similarly low fares to other Eastern summering points, including Thousand Islands, Adirondack*, White Mountains, Berkshire Hills, Saratoga, etc Tickets on sale on frequent dates throughout , the season, good for return within 00 days. Fre« stop-over privileges at Niagara Falls and other points, and optional boat trips on Great. Lakes and Hudson River. . Tickets and Sleeping Car accommodations furnished on application to your local agent or to T. M. BYRON, General Aft. FMaancer Department 009 Mouth taring Bt., Ijut Angelei, Cat WARIIN J. LTNCH, F.....«.r T».«. M«.«.r. Cbl..«. Tory work under modern conditions, and that, as a mode of technical edu cation, It is doomed. The teaching of a trade, he affirmed, did not appear to be an appropriate function for the managing director or the foreman of a manufacturing business. The sub stitute for apprenticeship, as an edu- catlonal system, he suggested, was an extension and improvement of the state system of technical education. The educational authorities in New South Wales, who,, after a long period of comparatively undisturbed slumber, are now exhibiting a great deal of well directed activity, had already recog nized that apprenticeship was obso lete, although they had never before Obtained so cogent a demonstration as the evidence In the federal arpltratlon court supplied , NORWAY BARRED BY ICE CHRISTIANIA, Aug. 20.—News has been received from Spitzbergcn that there have been unusual ice difficulties this year on the westorn coast. The steamer Maine, having the Prince Hein rich Zeppelin expedition on board, nar rowly escaped being inclosed in ice. It Is reported also that the eastern coasts are barred by masse of ice. Eastern winter ice used to appear at the earliest at the end of August, but this year it approached South Cape in July, where it formed a belt twenty sea miles long off the coast. Under these circumstances some fears are felt lest the expedition now coasting In Spits bergen waters should be Inclosed or hindered.