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Los Angeles Herald THOMAS K. GIBBON, President and "Editor. Entered as second class matter at tha postoffice In Los Angeles. OLDEST MORNING PAPER ll* LOS ANGELES Founded Oct. 2, 1*73. Thirty-sixth Tea*. Chamber at Commerce Building. Phanes —Sunset Main 1000; Home 10211. The only Democratlo paper ln Southern California receiving lull Associated Press reports. ' NEWS SERVICE —Member of tha Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25.000 words a day. - - RATES OB* SUBSCRIPTION WTH ' SUNDAY MAOAZINB Dally, by mail or carrier, a month....J .60 Dally, by mall or carrier, three months. 1.50 Dally, by mall or carrier, six nnntha.. 1.75 Dolly, by carrier or mall, one year.... 6.00 Sunday Herald, ons year * 60 Postage free ln United States and Mex ico; elsewhere postage added. THB HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND —Los Angeles and South ern California \lsltors to San Francisco and Oakland will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the Ban Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Olkland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file of Tlie Los Angeles Herald can be seen at the office of our English repre sentatives. Messrs B. and J. Hardy & Co.. 80. 81 and 32 Fleet street. London. Eng land, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions end ad vertisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager. ___^ Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN OBbbbbs Mayor Gaynor Is past the bulletin stage, but not the bullet-in stage. We have given up hoping for another rubber bawl from Aldrieh In reply to Brtstow. Who will be the next man that Hearst's papers will Incite to shoot an official? The new legislature will lop off some of the S. P. encumbrances from the primary election law. Slop the sale of revolvers except on police department permits and there Will be fewer homicides. A "physical valuation" of W. H. Herrln would probably show some very sore bruises on his anatomy. Harvard is to have an aviation meet. College boys are always thinking up some way to have a high old time. In other words, the white men of Oklahoma tried to show the Injuns how to do an artistic Job of scalping. With his reactionary avoirdupois, Mr. Taft makes an amusing spectacle try ing 'to climb on the insurgent band wagon. In one week California put the boots to one railroad and gave the glad hand to another. There is a big moral in the contrast. We propose the name of the Hon. James S. Sherman for membership in the Ananias clubs of Beverly and Oyster Bay. Since he has had soldiers fighting the Idaho conflagration the secretary of war has become the chief of Uncle Sam's fire department. The Cleveland Plain Dealer wonders if the glorious climate of California is responsible for the growth of a fine breed of Insurgent voters. Whether self government is a success or not, the LouisvllO Courier-Journal thinks tho Aldrieh tariff law shows that selfish government is thriving. The. Brussels exposition fire burned up a large quantity of eighteenth cen tury furniture, but the antique de partments of our factories will turn out more to take its place. Revelations in New York state should impel pious people to offer up an extra fervent prayer that a kind Providence will spare our country tho affliction of a vacancy in the presidential chair. The San Francisco Chronicle thinks the coming of the new Western Pacific will mean a development In Central California that will break all records in the state. if it meet the pace set by Southern California it will need to make no apologies. At the Labia* day gathering in San Francisco the speakers will be Hiram Johnson, Theodore Bell and J. Btitt Wilson. ime occasion at least when tho chairman will not be so bold as to say: "Ladies ami gentlemen, I pre sent to you our next governor," etc. Molasant, the Chicago aviator who crossed the English channel on Ids way from Paris to London, is an American, but the son of Spanish parents. His machine is a French product. Which nation is entitled to the most credit for his achievement? AN INTERESTING SCRAP The infamous New Tork Republican machine which has opposed every re form for which Governor Hughes has stood, from the abolition of race track gambling to the direct primary law, ap peals bent upon giving new evidence of the truth of the old adage that "whom the gods would destroy they first make mad." Surely no more imbecile act was ever committed by any political organiza tion than tho recent action of the ma chine in throwing down the gage of battle to Mr. Roosevelt. And the ut terly insane character of the act is emphasized by the fact that the ma chine chooses as its battleground with i the doughty hunter-naturalist the. di rect primary; a reform which has tak- I en such strong hold of the popular heart and the popular mind through- ( out the United States as to make any flght against it necessarily a losing battle. Unless we miss our guess very bad- ' ly, Messrs. Barnes, Wadsworth anil their regiment of political heelers who ■were afraid to face the legislative in vestigation that Governor Hughes In sisted should bo made after the Aulds scandal came out, will find that they have selected the very shortest and quickest possible routo to political ob livion. " In the meanwhile, the scrap with our Teddy on one side, and about the worst gang of political .lobsters and oorrup tlonists in the country on the other —a gang which Roosevelt has no doubt for a long time been aching to swat—will contribute to the gayety of life and Il luminate with something worth reading the news columns of the papers. More strength to the, arm of the lead er of the Republican reform forces — the originator, in fact, of the reform movement in the Republican party. Since Mr. Roosevelt's return from varment killing in the African jungles, the country has become somewhat weary of the period of qutesence through which he has been passing. It will be a Joy to see him again in action and especially so because his action will be directed against a more harm ful lot of varments than any that he slaughtered in Africa—a lot of human animals who prey upon mankind more destructively than do the man-eating lions of the jungle. May our hunter-naturalist be as suc cessful in accumulating pelts on the ex pedition on which he has just em barked as he was on the one from which he recently returned, will be the wish of every good citizen, irrespective of party. THE WESTERN PACIFIC "VT OT even the advent of the first railroad, the advent of aroused railroad, it Is said, aroused ■*■' greater interest, and scarcely more enthusiasm, than the opening of the new Western Pacific the other day, giving San Francisco nnd middle Cali fornia another outlet and Inlet to nnd from the great mainland. All along the line people hailed the first train with tokens of gladness in the form of native products, which they heaped in the cars until, by the time of ar- j rival at San Francisco,- it resembled a rolling feast in honor of Ceres. Why all this joy? A railroad is not a novelty in much of the territory traversed by the Western Pacific. A railroad train no longer fires the imagination with pictures of a belated prosperity as in the pioneer days. There should be food for reflection for the great dominating system already on the ground in this demonstration. If this system had played fair with California, if it had shared its pros perity with its shippers and merchants Instead of exploiting the state and maintaining the highest average charges in the country, if their man agers had given a quality of service commensurate with their privileges, if they had kept out of politics and re frained from stealing the resources of the state, often through corrupting and debauching public officials, it Is positive there would have been no such Joy— though there would doubtless have been a kern Interest—over the advent of the Western Pacific. The enthusiasm was the cry of a pent-up Utlca, hemmed In by the ar bitrary will of a railroad monopoly, a cry that found another form of ex pression at the primaries on August 16. Instinctively, the people hailed the prospect Of real competition as pre saging th.- dawn of better days. In stinctively, they must have felt, the new sprit animating the managers of the new system, even before it was given this utterance by Max Thelan, promising for the law department of the railroad to keep out of politics: The Western Pacific is the child of a new era in the relation be tween the railroads and the public. The chief features of this era on sist in the recognition, on the one hand, of the fact thai the railroads are the servants of the- people and that the public has a right, through Its authorities-national, state and municipal— to regulate them in the interests of the good of the great mass of the people, and, on the other hand, in a realization of the fact that the railroads are entitled to a fair return on an honest capital. We have come out here In this new era as a company which wishes to engage fairly and hon estly in the business of running its railroad and of giving good service to the people. Wo have tried to be fair, and In turn have received fair treatment, and hope and ex pect lei continue to receive it. Th* Western Pacific has come here as an independent railroad, free from the prejudices of the past, and has been instructed an I started opera - tion In thorough sympathy with the progressive ideas of the relations between the railroads and the public. Here at last is a corporation that publicly and voluntarily acknowledges all its rights as coming from the public, and the right in morals and law of that public to share in the benefits of Its growth, and to oversee the business in order to Insure the rights of the public. Marvel of the twentieth century! A railroad on California soil treating the state as Its master, not its slave! LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20. 1010. J&J-SZ% tf,y a//~ a^* " y*s. w ) I " ""•'-& The popular heart would have been dead to emotion indeed If it did not hail this miracle with hand-clapping and showers of gifts. It would in deed have a short memory if it did not recall, by way of contrast, these facts: In the past two years the income of the Southern Pacific has increased 000,000, while its operating expenses have decreased $5,000,000! Its profit of operation has increased over $12,000, --000, or $2000 per mile of road. In ten years the freight tonnage of Pacific coast railroads has increased from 18, --000,000 to 35,000,000 tons, or about 100 per cent. At the same time the charges have been raised 20 per cent. The earnings of the Central Pacific branch of the Southern Pacific are the highest of any Pacific coast railroad, 65 per cent greater than the average of the United States and 100 per cent greater than the average of the railroads west of Chicago. A railroad already watered even to the limit of California's rich resources to pay interest on the padded capital ization, that could grow like this despite the back-breaking tariffs ex acted of the people to pay fixed charges, need not wonder that the people show* great joy when a law abiding rival makes its advent. A line that makes such vast net gains -and pockets all of them, never sharing its prosperity with an overburdened pub lic, need not wonder why its new rival is bailed with acclaim. The- lamentation sometimes heard that the people are coming to hate cor porations is wholly disproved by the public attitude toward the Western Pacific. The people are as kindly dis posed as ever toward honest corpora tions that mind their own business and let the people mind theirs. The trouble is that so few of the public service kind are giving them a. chance to show any good will. / NEEDS EXPLAINING THE congressional committee that j has been investigating the pro cess by which Lawyer McMurray was to get 10 per cent of $80,000,000 for selling the Indian lands In Oklahoma has decided that Vice President Sher- j man and Senator Curtis had no part in the gouging of the red man. One thing is not yet explained. In twenty years the lawyers have j got very nearly $4,000,000 out of the, Indians, all or nearly all of it, for collecting claims against the govern- | ment which is supposed to do justice without being hounded to it by litiga tion and lawyers an 1 claim agents, and which bears to the Indians the relation of guardian to a ward. In all the long and discreditable record of the- white man's dealing with the abor igine:* there are few more unpleasant facts than this record of the sums the claim agents have been permitted to get out of the Indians in twenty years. One payment by the Chlckasaws of $789,000 was considerably more than 25 per cent of the amount obtained, This gouging begun about 1896. Dur ing most of that time James S. Sher man was a member of the committee on Indian affairs in the house of rep- si -natives and much of the time its chairman. It has been said of him that he- was one of the best posted men In the country on Indian matters. it' so, did he know what was going on? And why did he not perform the serv ice that has at last been performed by Senator Gore? If he did not know of a system of graft growing up for fif teen years during his term of service on the committee on Indian affairs lie ought, in order to make the present committee's clean bill of health really convincing, explain just why he didn't know. The i-e.^t Is a lucky gent. We must confess. 1*..!- men excuse as "temperament" Ills laziness. Shooting the Chutes PUBLIC LETTER BOX TO COIIKESFONDEJiTS —letters Intended fur publication must be accompanied by (he name and address of toe writer. The Herald elves the widest latitude to correspond ents, but assumes no responsibility for tbetr views. ADVOCATES USE OF WHOLE ' PAGE FOR LETTER BOX Editor Herald: I was greatly pleased to read the letter of M. G. McCaslln, and, like him, believe that two whole pages of letters would add to the popu larity of your paper. Personally I have tried to forget the discontent caused by the change, but find lt extremely hard to do so, believ ing as I do that the intelligent men of ! this age are hungering and thirsting after truths long hidden, be they social or spiritual. In your editorial an nouncing the change you say "the sub jects aro too big." Many of your read ers have passed the kindergarten stage; they want big subjects, "without con troversy.'l It would be wise to allow them. Else, Mr. Editor, you must cer tainly change again; that is, change your statement concerning the wide latitude allowed the writers. I do not believe in sectarianism, but I do be lieve in the eternal truths revealed in the Word of Truth. The knowledge of these truths will lead to real freedom; in fact, the ultimate emancipation of society from all evil is dependent on this knowledge—obedience being ren dered to it—as well as the stability of this nation. These revealed truths, compared to the transient things of our daily life important as they are— arc as the corn to the husk. And he that wlthholdeth corn will the people curse. ,„,,„,„ J. R. KITTS. Los Angeles, August 23. COMMENTS ON THE LENGTHY OPINIONS.GIVEN BY JUDGES Editor Herald: The erudition dis ! played in the published opinions of our judges is something marvelous. But then they are not merely opinions aft er all. Opinions on the points dis cussed could he expressed in less than a tenth of the space usually employed. They are simply learned disquisitions on the law, and such as can rarely be found elsewhere. It is the custom of these our recondite members of the judiciary to illustrate any point at is sue in all its bearings; and this in volves the necessity of citing numer ous, if not innumerable authorities. Quite frequently the common mind fails to comprehend the applicability of tlie citations. But this matters not at all. It Is the misfortune of the com mon mind. Ta Is anion- the fallacies of the times that everybody is expected to know the law, and to live up to it. Only the most learned of the learned professions can write these exhaustive I compilations; these marvels of learning y.i judicial acumen. How like the ! old schoolmaster is the modern judge, I and how like his pupils, tne people. And still they gazed and still tha wonder grew, : That one small heal could carry all he know. •>::.-. Los Angeles, August 25. WOMAN CLAIMS QUESTION OF. SOCIALISM INTERESTS MANY Editor Herald: With others. I was sorry to learn through your Issue of August 20 that the subject of Socialism is no longer to be discussed in your paper. Important discoveries of later years, and their application to the pro duction of the necessities, comforts and luxuries of the world, have made nec essary other great changes. Unless an adequate change Is made in methods of distribution, for one thing, evils result ing will continue to increase. This is realised by many writers; and many suggestions are made as to the best way to put an end to the growing pov erty of the i,reducers, the great major ity, and rapidly increasing accumula tions Of the few, who are by their wealth made powerful. One important proposition is that of the Socialists, in dorsed hy many and opposed by many. Surely every voter should be informed as to the claims of and objection! to Socialism as a means of removing the unfortunate results of the otherwise great blessing to the world of the won derful improvement! in production. Ev idently many wish to discuss tho ques tion through the press; and believing The Herald to i.e. more than other dally papers, interested in intelligent voting and good government, send their con tributions to you. It is to the press voters look for information. If they, do not find it there, how can they vote Intelligently? MRS. M. V. LONGLEY. South Pasadena, August 22. CLAIMS WOMEN MAY DRESS ON LESS THAN $600 A YEAR Editor Herald: I have been interested in the remarks of women whom I sup pose we may designate "society wom en" on dressing on $600 a year. Now we all know It Is the few who spend $600 on their own wardrobe and the many who spend in the neighborhood of $100 and always manage to look nicely dressed. The husbands and fathers of the women who spend $800 and upwards for dress are in business, manufactur ing, wholesale or something of the sort, where they have men under them that they do not pay that much and expect them to keep families, and if they in timate that it is not sufficient they are told if they are not satisfied there are "plenty to do the work who would be. Let us thank God then that It is the few women who give their minds to nothing but pleasure and dress, for the wealthy woman of brains and heart will, I am sure, think a woman may dress on less than 1600 and still not be called dowdy. ONE OF THE MANY. Watts, August 23. ILLUSTRATES G. O. P. SITUATION WITH PARODY ON OLD HYMN Editor Herald: In illustration of the prevailing political situation, permit me to parody an old hymn: The morning light Is breaking, The darkness disappears. The G. O. P. Is waking To unrepentant tears. Each leg ram that's wired firings tiding from afar, Joe Cannon's to be flred For his part In the tariff war! ' And Aldrieh with his rubber, And Bill T. with his smile, Can scare repress a blubber As the bad news comes meanwhile. At first 'twas: D- — the Insurgents, And now 'tis let them be, And let's all set together For the cake of harmonee. And Crane, with wings revolving. Hikes on to Beverlee, In hopes to be a-so]vlng This mixed-Up mysteree! N. O. Long Beach, August 23. WHICH? John Henry Jasper Johnson is a leader of reforms, Always i me where in the center of our eco nomic storms. ' And he fights for the afflicted and he weeps for tie oppressed TIU his swelling bosom often breaks the buttons off his vest, He has spoken for the wretched clean from Beersheba to Dan. And he'll gladly rail all morning at the tyranny of man. And I'm sure a three-Inch spyglass search ing ever and anon Couldn't And a man In favor of more big reforms than John. Ah! but when he seeks his slippers and ins leather-covered couch. He's the meanest-tempered uplift man that ever nursed » grouch! How he hollers at the children! How he growls at Mrs. J. Till they feel like singing ragtime when he leaves them for the day. Mow James W. McSmlthers Is another type —oh, yes. And he cops our local dollars with remark able success; i And he nabs our city franchises as often as they're loose, And he owns eleven aldermanlc - votes for private use. And when very gentle editors start classi fying James, "A parasitic tyrant" Is the mildest of their names; And always when he's mentioned he is qualified— as thus "Bos McSmlthers—olvlo vampireour dis graceful Incubus!" But, good gracious! you should see "him la the bosom of his folks, Playing hide-and-seek with baby, telling Bohhy funny jokes. Such a chan for romps and frolics In the dally family life! Such a man for little picnics with the kid dles and the wife! And so I'm not decided whether I should choose to be Just an enemy of mankind with a loving famllee; Or a friend of all creation from Johannes burg to Nome, With the children under sofas when papa comes grumplng home. —Horatio Winsiow. In Puck. How Diaz Holds His Mastery Further evidence that the republi can form 'of government In Mexico is a hollow mockery is furnished by a writer in the August American Maga zine, who seems well qualified to apeak authoritatively on the subject. The author is mis Dorothy Johns, who for twelve years has Uoen a resident of the City of Mexico, pursuing the profes tion of a trained nurse. She gives the following Illuminating report of a con venation between herself and a prom inent Mexican official who was a warm friend: " 'And now no man is safe, even in the bosom of his own family,' lie was saying. 'Wives are watching hus bands, fathers spying upon sons. They are tricked into believing that they may thereby save their loved one.-' from the consequences of a suspected sym pathy or affiliation with the liberal party. When the desired information ; has bean obtained, the suspicion vert fied, It is no uncommon thing for both ■Ny and spied upon to disappear from the face of the earth. Those they fear to kill they buy. You remember A ? How enthusiastic were his song* of liii erty? They made him a diplomat. lie has just returned from Paris, looking little like the poor poet he used to be. He appears well fed, with rounded Speculation Concerning Population (New York Commercial Advertiser) Rhode Island'now has a total popu lation of 542,674, or about the size of that of Boston in 1900. This Is a gain of 26.6 per cent from the population of 1900. which was 428,656; the-'num ber of people was an Increase of 24 per cent from the population of 1830, which was 345,606. Those first official figures of the 1910 census furnish a basis for some interesting comparisons and estimates. The populace of New York city in 1900 was 3,437,202, according to the United states census bureau's figures; by the state census of 1905 the city was given a total of 4,014,304 people; the seml-offlcially estimated population of January 1, 1910, was 4,730,350. If New York city has gained as mOch in pop ulation in the last ten years as Rhode Island has—that is, 26.6 per cent—the 1910 census returns ought to give her 914,295 more people than then; this would make her present population 4,351,497, or about 379,000 less than' the estimated population last January. But the Increase here has no doubt been at a higher rate than in Rhode Island. The population 'if the city of Provi dence, the largest city of that state, is A Punctureless Automobile Tire What seems to be a punctureless au tomobile tire, says Consul Benjamin F. Chase of Leeds, is the invention of un Englishman, which he describes; It is composed Of an inextenslble heavy canvas lining, the crown being packed with a puncture-proof material and placed between the outer cover and the inner air tube of the ordinary pneu matic tire. The lining is so made as to cause a low- pressure on the tread and to more nearly equalize the pres sure on the inner air tube. The lin ing is the thickest at the crown and tapers to a feather edge near the rim. The external appearance is like the or dinary tire. Trie inventor has given it drastic tests. He made several gashes and cuts on tho outer cover of a tire through to the patent lining, and with these has driven his car 500 miles without a puncture or the necessity of repair of this tire, although wheels on the same machine fitted with other tires had the usual difficulties. Other tests on heavy cars without the spo clal gashes have been equally satis factory. An inspection of the Invention im presses one with its simplicity, and the carved outer cover used and seen dom- The Thirsty Tourist The health department of Colorado Springs decided that public drinking cups were not sanitary arid removed them. The welkin immediately rang with the protests the boosters that this implication of concern would frighten tourists away.** A "well known business man" replaced three of the cups on busy corners. The health commissioner, an ex-pioneer and Indian fighter, removed them again. The matter was thus brought to Mayor Avery, who sided against the health department. The mayor of Colorado Springs appears to belong to that sturdy class of freeborn Amer icans who can be counted on to fight to the last ditch any attempt to in troduce modern knowledge of hygiene Into municipal housekeeping. The re sistance to such attempts Is almost always based on the assertion that the change will "hurt business." Col orado Springs is, to be sure, rather unusually sensitive on the drink ques- Our Ambitious Harbors The prevailing confusion of the term inal rates situation, as complicated by the recent decision of the interstate commerce commission relative to San Pedro is rather increased and not at all simplified by the order, of the South ern Pacific company consequent on, or at least following, the commission's de cree extending to Long Beach and Re dondo the same rate privileges given to San Pedro and at the same time de nying equal treatment to Santa Mon- It is a matter of common knowledge, if the promoters of the sale of beach lots are to be trusted, that the whole coast of Southern California is gem med with harbors enough "to float,the navies of the world," and if- one or two or three of these are accorded terminal rates, why not the others? Santa Monica. San Pedro, Wilmington, Redondo, Long Beach, Newport bay Ancient Rome and Modern America (Ougllelmo Ferrero In Atlantic.) In many legal details, likewise, I have found ancient Rome reappearing in the United States; for example, in the power possessed by magistrates. In the eyes of Europeans the right of the American Judge to issue injunctions seems most blameworthy and contrary to the spirt of the times. To Europeans, used to the Judicial administration of a strictly bureaucratic state in which tho bureaucracy is permanent, and, while subject to no control or oversight, can not act outside the strict limitations of the law, this discretionary power of the American magistrate seems an instru ment of Intolerable tyranny. A very In telligent European, who has lived for a long time ln the United States, but stomach, ami he Is woll groomed and prosperous. He sings no more of lib erty.' " 'The people think they are tho gov ernment,' he continued,, smiling. 'That is the secret of their subjection..They believe in their government; they be lieve they can moke changes in it if they want to, for the constitution tells them they can. They believe in the constitution, they swear by it and they worship Porflrlo, To this insight is due the condition which enables the government to control the people, and the government does well to tight to the death anything which threatens to change that condition. it is the only way our people can be controlled.' "I could not believe that, and be cause I would not believe it I doubted, the truth of the information he hod given me as he said, that I might bo forewarned against circumstances which might arise. i resolved^not to put too much faith 10 what ho had said, but to find out for myself. In the course of my investigations I learned that he himself was one of the many eyes of the Uttle Eagle, and knew whereof he spoke. l am con vinced that he told only the truth, and less than the whole truth, regarding Conditions and political methods In Mexico." 224,326, as compared with 175,697 in 1900 and 132,146 in 1890. The Increase for that city from 1900 to 1910 is there fore 48,729, or 27.8 per cent, as com pared with an increase for the preced ing decade of 43,451, or 32.9 per cent. If Now York city has jumped along in population since 1900 as rapidly as Providence has, she has gained 856, --642 people meantime, and has today a population of 4,392,744. We are quite accustomed to hear of New York's "5,000,000 people," and the probability is that the metropolis is today close ly up to that figure. The population of the United States in 1900 was 76,303,387, according to the census returns. If the gain since then has been In proportion with Rhode Island's, the country now has a total population of 96,600,087, or a gain of 20,296,700; the gain in population from 1890 to 1900 was only about 14,000,000 people, or 21.8 per cent. If we allow only a similar Increase for the last decade, the gain' would be 16,634,138 people, and the total population of the country today would be 92,937,526. To set it at approximately 95,000,000 can not be very wide of the mark. onstrated that it is a great develop ment in tires for use on automobiles. Apparently a simple and practical so lution of the ordinary tire trouble has been found. The Invention is patented ln England and the United States. Another Invention by the same man is a bridge tire of keyed-chamber de sign for heavy motor vehicles. It is described as follows: • "In an all-rubber tire of almost square section is molded a double series of small triangular air chambers ho keyed into each other that a radial lino drawn from the hub "of the wheel to Its periphery at any angle must pass through at least one of the air cham bers. Though every chamber is sep arated from its fellow by dividing walls, they are all connected by air vents and "may bo inflated to any pres sure. Twenty to thirty pounds pres sure is sufficient to insure all the ad vantage given by a continuous air tube, with none of the disadvantages insepa rable from high pressure." These two Inventions seem, upon ex amination and some investigation, to be of practical value in the growing use of automobiles and other motor ve hicles. (Collier's Weekly) tion because of the damage which is thought to have been done to the town's principal business, the tourist trade, by its having gone "dry." To allure strangers accustomed to luxu rious living into a beautiful hotel and then not permit them to have wine with their meals undoubtedly involves embarrassments which even many in general sympathy with the prohibition movement might not inconsistently wish to escape. Mossy—not to say mussy— drinking cups are, how ever, another issue. The thing for Colorado Springs to do is to put in those bubbling little fountains toward which the enchanted passerby inclines his lips to receive the stream's caress. They are sanitary and safe and con vey to any one with a spark of fancy the notion of drinking from a bubbling spring. With one eye squinted up ward toward Pikes Peak and his imagination at work we feel sure that any tourist would prefer them. (San Francisco Call) and other marts of commerce an nave "harbors" in the promoters' sense,' and the claims of the California Venice and Ballona slough should not be slighted. Now comes Santa Barbara, which certainly has ns good a claim to termi nal rank as any or these, and urges the commission to reverse its former ruling on this subject. Santa Barbara has the most commodious harbor in the world, for it Includes most of the Pacific ocean, and nothing stands in the way of its reaching out to China, except some beds of kelp, which do not seriously obstruct navigation. Coming nearer home, there is Haifmoon bay, which appears to havo been wholly neglected by the course of this highly argumentative controversy that seems to turn on the unanswered question. When is a terminal not a terminal, and If so, why? who, nevertheless, preserved his Euro pean point of view, said to me one day: "In this country there is a tyranny far exceeding that of any European tyranny; it is the tyranny of the Ju dicial power." i A historian of the ancient world Is better able to comprehend this apparent contradiction. The Injunction is noth ing more nor less than the edlctum of the Roman magistrate—the power which he possessed, in common with the American Judge, to.lssue such or ders to the citizens as he deemed neces sary for the protection of Justice and the rights of the public—orders which were obligatory upon the citizens, even if not based upon any written law.