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Los Angeles Herald 7" THOMAS K. GIBBON, President and Editor. * , * vV Entered as second class matter at the postoffice In I.os Angeles. OLDEST' MORNING TAPER IN LOS ANGELES. Founded Oct. 2, 1873. Thirty-sixth Tear. Chamber of Commerce Building.' Phones—Sunset ■' Main 8000; Home 10211. The only Democratlo paper ln Southern California receiving full Associated Press ; reports, ____ _ NEWS SERVICE —Member of the Asso ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 25,000 words a day. KATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAT MAGAZINE Daily, by mall or carrier, a month.... > .50 Daily, by mall or carrier, three months 1.50 Daily, by mall or carrier, six months.. 2.75 Dally, by mall or carrier, one year.... 6,00 Sunday Herald, one year 2-° Postage free In United States and Mexico; elsewhere postage added. _____ THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles and South ern California visitors to San Francisco and Oakland will flnd The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A file of The Los Angeles Herald can be seen at the office of our English represen tatives. Messrs. E. and J. Hardy A Co.. 30, 81 and 32 Fleet street. London, England, free of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions and adver tisements on our behalf. .. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man ager. .'-'■■: i ' Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN (ufc^iAU^AV Jm " m' ® ®®*! i) I X RETRORSUM, JU And as for the senator at the head of the Ballinger whitewash committee, everybody Knute 'twould turn.out as it has. I How does it happen that no one has thought ''"of advancir-g the brainstorm as a defense for Mr. Chanler of New York?.. * The name of the man who ran against Speaker Cannon fs Downs. The name of the man who ran against Downs is Down-and-out. We boost our climate as a healthy one, but should have no hesitancy in malting it very unhealthy for the Dick Turpins who are trying to ply their trade In this city. When you sit right down and think of it, it is a sort of fool thing to maintain two expensive governments in the area covered by Los Angeles and environs, when one would do, isn't it? Senator La Follette is reported to be sick, but if misery loves company he has some consolation in the fact that he has made some of his adver saries feel pretty much the same way recently. It is said that the only picture in Count Tolstoy's bedroom is one of Wil liam Jennings Bryan. If his august sovereign, Nicholas, dotes on Ameri cans, his choice is probably His proto type. Czar Cannon. President Estrada of Nicaragua wants to postpone the election for a year, until affairs get more settled. Some of the standpat congressmen in this country wish the same thing might be brought about. Tho standpat Republican machines in Ohio, Pennsylvania and Massa- chusetts are so scared by the course of events that all you can get out of them now is a claim that they have a fighting chance to win. A Baltimore man aged 96 has just taken unto himself a young wife. After all, when a man doesn't learn sense in such matters in a life of nearly a century, how con we blame young Chanler for his little fling? A Republican elephant named Stand pat, which escaped from the Maine zoo the other day, is supposed to be wandering around in the Canadian woods, as it cannot be found in New Hampshire or Massachusetts. Dr. Parkhurst writes that "silence is a life preserver," and there is some reason for believing that the "Hon orable" William Lorimer of Illinois had this golden thought occur to him some time prior to the moment the preacher let it slip. Hoke Smith's campaign for the gubernatorial nomination in Georgia cost him $17,696, but California, being a very small state, was canvassed for a fraction of that sum, if we are to believe the sworn statements of the candid A Pennsylvania man sues Mrs. Ting ley of San Diego, charging her with conspiracy in get: ing $300,000 from a relative. If Mrs. Tlngley should win out, Madame Cavalleri will have reason to regard herself as a mere piker as a female financier. Caleb 'Powers, ncminated for con gress in Kentucky, and pretty certain of election, was for years in prison and was once sentenced to hang for Governor Goebel's murder, unjustly, as US constituents believe. The main difference between him and some other congressmen is that they have been more' successful in keeping out of prison. THE NEW DEMOCRACY THE Democrats of the country seem disposed to meet the responsibil ities destined to be thrust upon their party this year with rare good judgment and those who acknowledge allegiance to the party have rets-jn to feel a satisfaction in the new bap tism of power that is at hand and con fidence in its ability to meet the tests which will be put upon it. Of the pro- gressiveness of tho masses of the par ty there has not at any time been a doubt; it has been a question whether the right leaders would be found for what is both the emergency and the opportunity. In New Jersey they have been highly fortunate in the nomination for gov ernor of a man of rare ability and fit ness for executive work. Dr. Wood row Wilson of Princeton university is as forceful a character as there ls in American public life. His proven worth as an administrator, his acumen as a thinker and profound student of political history and philosophy, his geneml virility of brain and body and Ills high standards of thought and life stamp him as an ideal public man and as material of which real statesmen are made. If he shall be elected, and there seems to be small doubt bf It since he must be the refuge of Repub lican insurgency in the state, still con trolled by reactionary forces, he will be perhaps the most lik?ly of all in sight to be sought as a presidential candidate. Across the river in New Tork state Judge William J. Gaynor has by his splendid administration of the great metropolis been making a reputation as an executive of the very biggest caliber and his recent affliction has not only made him an object of sym pathetic interest the country over, but has focused national attention on his wonderful career in an office he has distinctly honored. His refusal to con sider a nomination for governor may not be strong enough for the popular pressure to that end. In any event he is potential material of the very best kind for the party to draft in the fu ture. In Connecticut the Democrats have named for governor Justice Simeon Baldwin of the state supreme court. White he is ranked as a conservative and is lacking in the magnetism nec essary to leadership he is a jurist of national repute for his erudition, and his nomination shows that the party in Connecticut is disposed to fall in line with the party in other states by de serving- the confidence and support of the voters. Republican insurgency in Connecticut is hobbled by a system of state government that perpetuates machine —very much on the order of Rhode Island's "rotten borough system which has perpetuated Aldrlch in office—and while the Republicans have nominated in Charles A. Good win a clean and magnetic candidate, it seems probable that a very large in surgent vote will welcome the chance to protest against evils through de sertion to Baldwin. In Ohio there seems -to be little chance of Governor Harmon's defeat. In his candidacy is the only refuge of insurgency, for Cox .and Longworth and their kind are the only leadership of fered by the Republicans and the party candidate for govern ir is Foraker's choice. Harmon is of 'arge size. Gov ernor Marshall of Indiana is one of the most brilliant men In public life, and both because he is that and a man of sound judgment and high character and lives in a state that is pivotal, he is also potential material for na tional leadership. Bell of California and Plaisted of Maine are younger men of clean and attractive type who have not only a present but a future. Hoke Smith in Georgia restores to the Democracy there a standing .It rather lost by Brown's incumbency. Altogether the out'.iok of the party i 3 the best as to leadership in many years, and if the errors of past years are avoided in amalgamating the new material at hcnd the prospects fir the future can be said to be of the brightest. ELECTION EXPENSES UNDER the purity of elections law the candidates for nomination in the recent primaries have filed their statements. They constitute a sorry reflection on the general honesty and prove the law to be preposterous, fantastical. They supply an unanswer able argument that what California must have, if it hopes to insure clean politics, is a corrupt practices law, commanding and enforcing detail in statements. In England the corrupt practices law is so framed that it is impossible to cheat without absolute perjury, and se vere penalties—prison stripesfor any falsehood or evasion. If there had been such a law in California, who doubts that the returns just made to the sec retary of state would have been far different? Who believes that the affi davits of fifty-four state candidates would aggregate only $41,614? Who does not know that the recent cam paign was a very expensive one, and that the whole truth has not been told about it? The present law, it is said by the district attorney's office here, does not even penalize the failure to file a state ment, for it only provides that certifi cates of nomination shall not be issued until statements are filed, and they are only as necessary and valuable to can didates as blue ribbon badges. The names go on the ballots just the same. A law to be effective must command a filing of expenses ln detail, not only by candidates but by all their agents, Including party committees, and that command will be evaded by the un truthful unless the penalty section has teeth in it. And finally, but not of least importance, the statement ought to be made public before and not after election. It would help the voter to reach an intelligent decision in casting his ballot. If you will turn the printed standing of the Pacific coast baseball league upside down, Los Angeles and Vernon are occupying a very satisfactory po sition in the pennant race. LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1910. ' a\\\Hf- l" '"* IH >i ii l | | | , WHY MEAT IS DEAR WHEN the federal grand jury at Chicago brought an indictment against the heads of the beef trust, one of the Indicted men, J. Og den Armour,.the head of the largest branch, gave out an interview in which he said: '-: ■'■' The defendants do only about one-third of the packing business of the entire country. Their entire proflts are not over 2\_ per cent of their total business. This mar gin of profit is less than that made by any other kind of manufactur ing business in the world. The fact that the business has been conducted with the very smallest margin of profit is itself a demonstration that no combina tion to depress the cost of live stock or to Increase the price of the fresh meats could have been possible. Prejudice has arisen in the minds of many on account of the higher cost to the consumer of porte and beef products. These higher prices are wholly due to the' higher cost of livestock. This is one of the matters that are "important if true." That it is not true we have only to go to the Ar mours themselves to show. Two years ago they listed on the New York stock exchange for sale an issue of $30, --000,000 bonds. In the statement of the company attending the listing it was' shown by them that they had made a gross profit of $10,582,000 for the year on a capital of $20,000,00 and earned a surplus of $7,127,926, or the equivalent of a dividend of 35.6 per cent. __. The Armours were then talking to Wall street and not to the public. They were telling the truth to strengthen their credit, not lying to a dreaded public opinion as now. The statement of Armour in his interview is absurd on its face. The beef pack ing business was profitable at the start years ago, or it would not have sur vived and waxed'mighty. Since them innumerable by products— is said they turn everything but the squeal of the pig into some commodity for sale—have added to the proflts. Livestock is dearer than formerly, but that is not the only cause of high prices of meat. The Aldrich tariff of three cents a pound on imported meat must have its effect, or it wouldn't have been Imposed. COL. MOSBY'S CASE IN a letter to a Boston friend ex plaining why he is no longer con nected with the department of Justice at Washington, Colonel John S. Mosby, whose free-lance cavalry was one of the most picturesque and thrilling incidents of the Confederate side in the civil war, says: "The' real reason was to punish me for having three scoundrels indicted for robbing the Indians, my opposing their application, which was finally successful, to get their prosecution dis missed. They hah arranged for another $3,000,000 steal and wanted me out of the department." Colonel Mosby says that his only complaint is that he was dismissed as superannuated without a hearing, on the word of an assistant attorney general no longer In the department, who had to Justify himself in giving Colonel Mosby no work, and this he did by representing the Virginian as superannuated. There Is abundant reason to be found - in recent revelations in Okla homa for believing that the lawyers who were gouging the Indians had strong influence in Washington. There is therefore that much circumstantial probability that the story told by Colonel Mosby is partly if not wholly true. It is a case, anyway, that calls for the attention of President Taft and for reparation if it is found true that the old soldier's dismissal was due to the fact that he opposed the Indian graft. The automobile trade is said to be lagging, but it will probably pick up when mortgage loan money cases up a bit. "The Old Guard" PUBLIC LETTER BOX TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letters Intended for publication must be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. Tb» Herald gives the widest latitude to correspondents, but assumes no responsibility for tbelr views. DICK FERRIS' SERVICE Editor Herald: It seems to me that Dick Ferris has done the public a gen uine service; far greater probably than any he could have performed as lieu tenant governor. In a most graphic manner he has called attention to the corruption that accompanies all our political campaigns, I care not what party is concerned. The "bunch of al leged voters hanging around saloons," and "I do not know whether this money was spent or not. It is my opinion it was n0t—51396." These and similar expressions in his sworn state : ment of campaign expenses bring be fore us most vividly conditions with which we should be familiar but ha bitually ignore. To me nothing is more remarkable than the fact that everywhere I find the opinion expressed that politics is rotten to the core. In so small a city as this hundreds of names are- sub mitted to the voters. Inevitably the merits or demerits of 90 per cent are quite unknown. Naturally, the candi dates try to rectify this by extensive advertising, and every loafer is utilized in the effort to obtain publicity. In fact, elections are their harvest, and you may hear such men repeatedly ex pressing the wish that the reformers would become active. Yet when all Is done we are offered nothing better than a series of blind guesses, on the strength of which we place in office men who smother us with legislation and bleed us at every pore. No private business could be con ducted on such ridiculous limes, and public business throughout the coun try is breaking down under the strain. H. P. NEVILLE. Los Angele?, September 15. INDICTMENTS AGAINST 'GUNS' Editor Herald: Glad to see J. R. K. take up the cause against the damna ble "gun." Who will be the next to join the force and accept the chance offered by The Herald and show their condemnation of this deadly foe to the human race? I would think Doctor Barnhart, who was covered with a "gun" there in Los Angeles on the morning of the 15th, while his wife was abused and robbed; and the drug gist on South Grand avenue, who saved himself from the holdup man's revol ver, by dropping down behind the counter, would certainly have some thing to say for or against the "gun." In eitther of these cases the men would never have undertaken those jobs without their trusty revolver. Officer Lyon, who was murdered by Dan Mes kel, and Meskel, who killed himself before the law had the chance, would be enjoying life today had it not been for the murderous "gun." And Roily Robey, the fellow who was with Mes kel when he shot Officer Lyon on Cen tral avenue October 31, 1907, would not be wearing life stripes behind prison i bars today had they had no guns that night. I say keep men out of prison by taking the instrument away with which they commit tho crimes. B. W. WOMAN REBUKES WOMAN Editor Herald: In this morning's paper I read a communication concern in the smokers on the street cars. The writer complained because in sitting in the front end of the car she was annoyed by the smoking, and there have often been similar complaints. Now why, In the spirit of Justice, I ask, do the women still persist in sit ting in the front end of the car, when that has been reserved for smoking? They will sit there and then complain of being annoyed. It doesn't seem Just fair to me. Many of us do dislike rid ing inside, I admit, as often it pro duces nausea, the sldewlse motion of riding being especially unpleasant, but we can sit in the rear usually. But time after time when I have taken the car do I notice how the women Inva riably seek the front end of the car. Surely they must take the result if they persist in sitting there. 1 am a woman, too, and I sit in front if it is not crowded, but if the men smoke too much for my pleasure It is a simple matter for me to go where I really belong—lnside or in the roar. I don't like stale tobacco smoke, either, but if I persist in sitting In the part reserved for smokers I ought not to complain, nor should any one else who does so. ' In a spirit of fairness, MRS. D. Los Angeles, Sept. 16. —Cleveland Plain Dealer, POVERTY A CRIME Editor Herald: Mr. Owen seems un able to regard government in any other light than as an instrument of oppression and repression, and so, like the typical Hibernian, he is "agin" it. I am painfully aware of the imperfec tions of government, and of social and economic conditions, but bad govern ment and unjust social conditions are due solely to the ignorance of the masses of the people. Suppose every voter was a man (or woman) of edu cation and culture, whose college cur riculum had Included a course in politi cal economy and economics, how long would the electorate stand for the pri vate monopolization of the nation's natural resources: for a robber tariff that levies an unjust tax on the con sumer; that allows a few industrial and financial pirates to own and oper ate for their private advantage the machinery of production and distribu tion of the whole country? It is a fundamental postulate of the collectiv ist philosophy that economic condi tions determine the prevailing stand ard of morals and intelligence. A high standard of moral and intellectual de velopment can never be reached until we have abolished poverty and the fear of It. Under primitive conditions of production poverty was inevitable; under modern conditions poverty is a social crime. Under a collective and scientific organization of production ami distribution that would eliminate waste and exploitation poverty could and will be established as soon and as fast as an educated electorate de mands it. W. H. STUART. Los Angeles, Sept. 16. . . ADVICE TO DEMOCRATS Editor Herald: To anyone studying the platforms of the Republican and Democratic parties fairly, indepen dently and unbiased it must appear that there .is scarcely any difference in principle but that they differ merely in secondary matters. They both uphold the present system of protection which has been pushed to extremes, helping to cause- famine prices in food for the benefit of the few. To many it must be evident that the present state of high prices cannot further be boosted nor even be maintained long for the rumbling of discontent among the masses is plainly discernible. As the Republican party is wedded to high tariff with such disastrous results it behooves the Democratic party, as the party of the plain people, to initiate new issues, and that in harmony with the drift of plainly discernible coming events. Let them strike out for un | qualified free trade, which is something worth fighting for, and that will draw the masses like honey bees. Universal free trade must eventually come anyhow, and not until then fair and equitable relations can be estab lished throughout the world. Los Angeles, Sept. 15. C. FISHER. THE NEGRO'S FAITH Editor Herald: Please read this be fore consigning it to the basket. You shut out Socialism and religion, but this morning you have published the third letter by William C. Owen, in which he abuses Roosevelt. Bellamy and Socialism, lauding anarchy. Now that he finds leading men are giving their might to the cause Bellamy pre dicted would "need assistance," why not let us say a word? Then T. J. Wilson: "I am a convert to the doc trine that neither minister nor con gregation can be children of God until they are vegetarians." I would . not like to live near him. I am reminded of the negro ,who believed in prayer. He had prayed for chicken. None came.. He read Paul's "faith without works is dead." The next day he had chicken. Get on to the text? S. J. BINNS. Los Angeles, September 15. SAYS 'THERE ARE OTHERS' Editor Herald: The Herald being the most Just and liberal morning paper in Los Angeles, receives the subscriptions of all persons who sympathize with the people's cause—no matter what politi cal party they follow. We do not feel at all offended when our letters are omitted from the Letter Box, as they are often Intended more for the eyes of the editor than for publication. Somo of our letters are, no doubt, intem perate, as are the expressions of a cer tain political leader against a political party in a magazine called the Out look. ' ' JAMES JORDAN. Los Angeles, Sept. 16. ' Educating the People I In 1908,-when the Hepburn rate bill was before the senate, LaFollette felt that the ] eslilent had not gone far enough in his recommendations—that the president's bill was a good bill for possibly five years. When urged by well-meaning and considerate friends, on the ground of political expediency, not to go .beyond the president's de mands,- he replied: "I want to do my part to make a bill that my boys can be proud of." He offered nineteen amendments upon . equitable railway valuation and, while none of these went through, he educated the people of the nation as he had those of his state on the Justice of railroad valuation and taxation. •> It is not easy to campaign against this worker for "God's patient poor." A venerable lawyer at Hudson, Wis., a one-time partner of Senator Spooner, recently complained that you could not get the people away from LaFollette. "Now, there is Blnar Halverson.'l he said; "Einar is a good man. He is a good Norwegian man. I told him La- Folette was no good. He said he didn't believe it. I told him something that LaFollette had done that was wrong. He said he didn't believe it, that he didn't think LaFollette would do such a thing. I proved it; and when I proved it to him, he rubbed his head and just said: 'I don' no, but if La- Follette did dot, it must ban right; dot's all.' ".. There is an afternoon newspaper in Madison that prints its humor in the The Firefly Puzzle Despite the fact that science has been puzzling over the problem for many yearsexperimenting and ana- lyzlng and dissecting—the glowworm's secret is still unsolved. We know very little more about its mysterious lamp—physiologic light the experts call it— than did our forefathers. Even its purpose it still hidden. Except to delight the human eye, the firefly's aimless flashing through the trees, the nocitlluca's brilliant il lumination of the sea, seem to be abso lutely purposeless. They may have something to do with the reproduction of the species, says F. A. McDermott in the Popular Science Monthly, but this is mere speculation. Mr. McDermott goes on to tell what little wo do know regarding physiolo gic light. It may be summed up as follows: The common notion that the light is due to the presence of phos phorus In the insect's body is a mis take. Analyses show very minute quantities of this element, and these in the form of phosphates. The light is the most economical form of il lumination known. Its efficiency is 96 per cent, as compared with 4 per cent for the best artificial illumlnant known. The amount of heat produced by the firefly in running Its lamp is so small that it cannot be measured. The light from different phosphor escent organisms has been described as of very various colors—red, blue, ' green, Killing the Umpire According to bleacher law, there are three particularly Justifiable motives for doing away with umpires. An um pire may be killed, first, if he sees fit to adhere to the rules and makes a decision against the home team at a close point in the game. Secondly, an, umpire may be killed If he sends a member of the home team to the bench when the player in question has done absolutely nothing but call the umpire names and attempt to bite his ear off—an umpire has no business to be touchy. Thirdly (and this is a per fect defense against the charge of murder), an umpire may be killed If he calls any batter on the home team out on strikes When the player has not even struck at the balls pitched. That the balls go straight over the plate has nothing to do with the case. There is ample proof at hand to show that killing the umpire, is a dis tinctively American sport. Other countries have tried baseball, but they Merely in Jest FOILED He was very bashful and she tried to make it easy for him. They were driv ing along the seashore and she became silent for a time. "What's the matter?" he asked. "O, I feel blue," sho replied. No body loves me and my hands are °°"You should not say that," was his word of consolation, "for Q»d loves you, and your mother loves you, and you can Bit on, your hands."-Success .Magazine. SHE WANTED THE SECRET Miss Drux—That was Mrs. Reaver we 'just passed. Her hair turned white in a single night. ,_». i« -ran,,. Miss Hydro—ln a single night? Why didn't you introduce me? I'd give any thing to learn where she bought her peroxide.— Chicago News. A SUGGESTION "Oh my'" exclaimed the. excited wo man who had mislaid her husband. "I'm looking for a small man with one eye" ...,.- •■•'■' "Well, ma'am," replied the polite shopwalker,, "if he's a very small man, maybe you'd better use both eyes. — Tit-Bits. * HIS OPINION Topkins—Do you think/the average girl will accept a man as soon as he proposes? ,'••'. " „ Hopkins—As soon as he proposes.- Great Scott, man, she'll accept him as soon as he begins to propose.— Chicago News. LOST HIS BAIT "Yes, sir, the fish was so big it pulled him in the river." . "And he was drowned?" "No, but he might's well have been, for he lost his grip on his gallon Jug, and it floated downstream, and he lives in a dry county."—Atlanta Constitu tion. NO DIFFERENCE "City people don't buy gold bricks, you know/ said the summer young man. - * „ . ' . "No," replied Farmer. Comtossel, "they Jes' keep plkln' along, buyin* melons an' such that look good on the outside."— Washington Star. • •>• ; HIS DEFINITION i "Now, children, what Is this?" asked the teacher, holding up the picture of a zebra. '.';"•- , ' , "It looks to me like a horse In. a bathing suit," answered a little boy.— Our Dumb Aplmals. • (Collier's Weakly) editorial columns.', Its editorial opposi tion to LaFollette is one of the-funny] things in the state. Goaded by tho Milwaukee Journal for several weeks J to show some reason for its opposition. it at last came forward with a doubloi column leaded editorial, in • which 'it I eulogized Lincoln as the foundation of; the Republican party. It did not, how ever, remind its readers that I Lincoln used the Republican party to emanci pate men rather than to enrich a group of men. Nor did it recall the fact that the heroes of the Stalwart faction voted the entire Wisconsin delegation against. Lincoln in the Chicago convention.ln 1860—a vote that ever since Wisconsin Republicans have been trying to for get. It did rei^to a long list of more or less colorless politicians and office holders—a party roll call—concluding with the name of a distinguished par liamentary debater, John C. Spooner, and insisting that Robert M. LaFolletto be retired from public life because his going to the senate .had so bewildered Senator Spooner that Senator Spooner had resigned. ■ ' j%S' . fc '_ . From his farm home porch, LaFol lette looks across the playful waters of Lake Mertdota to the campus that now supports at least twenty great build ings that were unknown to him when he ran the University Press." Here he finds his rest in playing with his children, in hardening up his muscles by plowing corn and pitching hay. He looks young and acts young; yet many are dead and eulogized after they havo, performed half his labors. , ,•>..;,, (Collier's Weekly) yellow, etc. Spectroscopic analyses of the common firefly's flashes showed "an unsymmetrical structureless.band in the red, yellow and green." I A fluorescent substance may be extract ed from the common firefly. When some of Its luminous tissue is carefuly dried, it may be made to glow again by moistening it with water. It re tains this, power for considerable per iods if kept dry. It is practically certain that oxygen is necessary to the production of phy siologic light, so that lt may be con sidered as due to some mysterious pro cess of oxidation. The structure of the light organs of all phosphorescent or ganisms is quite similar. They "appear to be masses of cells of some special kind" penetrated by a network of pas sages. What these tubules contain during life is not known. It is evident enough from the above summary that all we are really sure of at present regarding ' physiologic light is that we do not know anything at all about it, at least anything of scientific value in explaining its mys terious characteristics. The field is an extremely fascinating one, and a real solution of the problem might have Important- and far-reaching' economic results, because the present artiflcal lighting methods are highly inefficient and wasteful. Of course the puzzle will be unraveled some time or other, and a second Standard Oil fortune may be awaiting the lucky man. (Harper's Weekly) hmve not tried killing the umpire. That is probably the reason why they have not waxed enthusiastic over base-*, ball. • For baseball without umpire killing is like football without girls in the grandstand. It simply can't be done. That foreign countries know nothing about our king of outdoor sports was Indicated forcibly when, in the fall of 1909, the Detroit team made a trip to Cuba under tho management of Outfielder Mclntyre. J In the entire series of twelve games* with the, Ha-, vana and Almendares nines, not one single objection was made by either the Cuban players or the silent Cuban spectators to a decision of the umpires. The Americans did not know What to think of it—until they counted up the gate receipts at the end of the series. Then they realized that, in their own. country, it is the delight in killing the umpire rather than the pleasure in watching the game that draws the tre mendous crowds through J the turn stiles. v , - ; - Far and Wide CLEAN. SWEEP James E. Wood, district superin tendent of street cleaning in Washing ton, says that 453,397,856 square yards of streets in Washington are swept, clean by machines every year. But compared with tho clean sweep made by the machine each year in Philadel phia ' that is nothing.—Louisville Courier-Journal. >. M ■ PERFECT HUMAN BLISS Our Idea of perfect human bliss Is to be able to answer an attack like that of the New York Evening Post and get a dollar a -word for the an swer.—Washington Post. DROPPING DISTANCES After reading all the expert descrip tions of how it feels to fall six or seven thousand feet we have concluded lt feels just the same as falling 8962.—5t. Louis Post-Dispatch. > MR. TAFT'S SIZE An enthusiastic Republican declares that Mr. Taft is a bigger man than he was a year ago. Why. does he not try running again? That might help him Charleston News and Courier. . THEY'RE WHERE SHERMAN WAS It was in the Ozarka that they nominated Vice President Sherman for the presidency, but where in time are the ?— Washington Post. -w;;>v UNPROFITABLE Probably there is no more unprofit able employment 1 on earth than that of counting the buttons down a wo man's Galveston News. MAKING THINGS HOMELIKE "Liar!" shouts a strong-lunged west erner to the ex-president. Nothing like trying. to make the colonel feel at. home.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. . * ■■..' Western man has offered to marry Carrie Nation. The Nobel peace prize for 1910 is thus early disposed of, pro vided she takes him.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. j Some day a genius will arise and make a fortune by harnessing the en ergy now wasted on the average salt shaker.—Atchison Globe. ,'•;■ L,^f i( - t 'pf. "Chickens may be kept nine months," says Dr. Wiley.. Much depends on the character of the neighborhood.—Toledo. Blade. .. ,:'■'.. '; • ;.-',, .1 The cause of the high price of living appears to depend wholly, upon one's political convictions;— Record- Herald.