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Los Angeles Herald THOMAS B. GIBBON, President and Editor. « Entered as second clans matter at the * fostolTlce In Los Angeles. V OLDEST MO KM PAPER IN ■ LOS ANGKI.EH. Founded Oct. *. 1873. Thlrtj-nUth Tear. • ' Chamber of Commerce Building. FhonesSunset Main 8000; Home. 10211. The only Democratic paper In Southern . California receiving full Associated Press ; reports. ________ NEWS SERVICE —Member of the Asso • ciated Press, receiving Its full report, aver aging 26.000 words a day. . i • BATES OF SUBSCRIPTION WITH SUNDAY MAGAZINE Daily, by mail or carrier, a month -SO Bally, by mall or carrier, three months 1.50 Doily, by mall or carrier, six months.. 3.00 Dally, by mall or carrier, one year 8.00 Sunday Herald, one year ■■■■■ f;"> Postage free In United States and Mexico; «lsewhafe postage added. ___ THE HERALD IN SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND—Los Angeles and South •rn California visitors to San Francisco and Oakland will find The Herald on sale at the news stands In the San Francisco ferry building and on the streets In Oakland by .Wheatley and by Amos News Co. A fll« of The Los Angeles Herald can be ■ Been at the office of our Kntlish represen tatives, Messrs. B. and J. Hardy & Co.. 30, ■1 and at' Fleet street. London, England. tree of charge, and that firm will be glad to receive news, subscriptions and adver tisements on our behalf. On all matters pertaining to advertising address Charles R. Gates, advertising man »ger. Population of Los Angeles 327,685 CLEAR, CRISP AND CLEAN H: .KETRORSUMIJIU A final reminder—this is the last day to register. Football having been reformed, there should be fewer deformed participants In the game this year. ■Well, Mr. Plnchot and the oil men have met and they didn't find him such a terrible creature, after all. Some of the letters to The Herald on the use of tobacco on trolley cars fair ly smoke with hot indignation. Several members of the Bulgarian cabinet have resigned, but on. this side of the world Balllnger holds on. If you'll pardon the pun, the dele gates to the Mining congress decided that Gifford Pinchot Is distinctly oil right. Some of these nights that street bandit may have the luck to tackle a member of our female police force, and ;what then? James S. Sherman can share with Bifchard A. Ballinger the distinction of having been repudiated by the people of his own state. If there is anything in spiritualism the shade of Lucky Baldwin is hover ing around and taking a lively Interest in mundane things. It can safely be said that President Taft could find no special joy in the outcome of the New^York state fight, whichever way it went. All this talk about the raising of the Maine is rather cruel to the stand patters. Any mention of the word Maine gives them a shudder. If Bobby Chanler paid Lina all he owes her and paid the newspapers for the advertising he has had there would be mighty little left of that estate. St. Louis boasts that she is going to have the best hospital in the country. I«os Angeles boasts that she finds it hard to fill what hospitals she has. A newcomer noticed that Los Angeles pedestrians do not all turn to the right, so he naturally and properly turned to the write and tells The Herald about it. Margaret Illington comes next week, and her female admirers will be par doned for letting the darning of the 60cks go over a week to see the now play. The New York woman of 32 who mar ried the millionaire of !)3 ardently hopes that he will be spared to her for at least a quarter of a century more. Of course. Gen. Funston has ordered that then shall be "no further dogs on the Leav eaworth reservation," and the Bt. Louis 'line s wonders what kind of canine animal a "further dog" is. Let us hope, in the name of human ity, that the cabinet members to whom Ballinger has bul r.iitu.d his case are spreading a lot of soft pillows about on the floor to break his fall. If you want to tee what a convention of alert, clean, iv American business men looks like, drop inrto ono of the Hegßions of the American Mining congTess at the Mason this week. The biff increase in our Philippine trade in pointed to as a feathei tor the payne-Aldrlch tariff. As the Philip pine goods are exempted from tho hiprti duties on goods (oming from other countries il is a proof of the exact oppoßlte-the benefits of uritrummolcd MR. PINCHOTS ADVICE GIKFOICD I'INcHOT declared brfnre tha mining congWM thnt the gov ernment should attnek the title of the Southern Pacific railroad to the im mense area including the oil lands in California which it obtained by mr ruption of congress, by sneakinß riders into bills making the grants whose main parts show plainly that it was never the intention to give to the rail road the minerals over which their linos ran, and by false witness in tho courts supported by all the delays, sophistries ami technicalities that able attorneys could conjure. Mr. Plnchot'l blunt statement and his possible intention to make it his business to do something about the matter may hurry the righting: of B wrong to the people of this state and country that has fr*& parallels even in the history of our corporation-cor rupted government. The subsidy granted to the Atlantic & Pacific, tho Texas Pacific and their successor, the Bouthern Pacific, was enormous and, plundaroul under the most considerate interpretation that can be put upon the of congress. It will amount to billions of dollars, perhaps, if the rail r.>;ul is permitted to pet away with its own interpretation of the corruptly secured bargains. Would any court now hold that the stupendous increment In and under these lands, worth a thousandfold the original Kraut, was ever intended by congress to be taken away from the people and put into the hands of pri vate individuals? It may well be doubted. The riches here involved, rivaling the wealth of Midas, bear no relation to the purpose for which the grant was made—the fair remunera tion of a company for its enterprise In building a railroad. The oil lands are the odd sections In the primary and indemnity limits of the railroad grant in Kern county. They are worth thousands of dollars an acre. They are mineral lands and not coal or iron lands. They were granted to aid in the construction of the rail road. They were granted for distribu tion to .settlers. They were not granted to enrich a few Individuals who control the destinies of a quasi-public corpora tion. But while the original grants specific ally exempted minerals the railroad now claims them under those grants. Notwithstanding it was provided that the lands should be sold to settlers for a nominal sum, the company has ig nored the provision and expects to take from underneath them wealth that only the imagination can estimate. Let any bona fide settler now try to secure some of these properties that were sup posed to be sold for $2.50 an acre to en courage population and enterprise along tho line of the roadß and see what suc cess he will have. And even this does not state the worst of the case as it relates to the matter of Justice and equity. By the possession of "its" lands in the Kern field the Southern Pacific can drill Into the ground and by draining off the oil for miles around rob others who have Invested heavily In an industry that has wonderfully enriched and pros pered California. The title of the Southern Pacific com pany to the Kern county properties seems to be full of holes. What court decisions have been rendered in con nection therewith certainly do not strengthen the corporation's position before the law. The supreme court, it would seem, could be convinced beyond the chance of cavil that the company has held the lands in bad faith and has not fulfilled the letter or spirit of the grants under which they were secured. If the matter of public policy should enter Into the litigation there must be only one way of ruling on It, for surely it Is grossly unfair and dangerous that the present situation should exist. Altogether it would appear that there is good fighting ground for the govern ment In an attempt to recover the vast wealth held by a corporation consisting of an increment no congress ever in tended to give away, and the depart ment of justice should lose no time rin taking the matter into court. A LETTER FROM 'TIM' ONE of the newspapers that are supporting Timothy Spellacy for lieutenant governor Is the San Francisco Star. In its Saturday issue the Star fives one reason, anil those who read it will not be disposed to find any fault with It. The reason is contained in a private letter which the Btar ii.>n- reprints from its files of July 21, 1906, after tin 1 Han Francisco cata clysm. It seems that among the let ters received by the Star was one from Tim Bpellacy, reading as follows: How is your bank account? Or are your countless thousands locked in gome 'Frisco vault? I have never yet paid In advance for the Star. I wish to do so now; therefore, with best wishes for your health, happiness and pros perity, 1 send y>u one hundred c!i 111 The Star recalls that at that time Tim Spellacy was not himself "walk ing- on velvet"; in fart, was in need of. what resource; lie had for his own use; neither was he a. candidate for office or a prospective one. It was the act of a ):':"-t full of sympathy forget ting its own troubles, and the prof fen,] a d to • i friend was so delicately extended that the Star doesn't propose to forget It, and does propose to say now ;i'.:i| many times again that Timothy Spi llaej Will be a credit to California as lieutenant governor. Can you blamo it? John D. Rockefeller Is said to bo try ing to get a list of his relatives, It is probable that they will give him plenty of assistance, but of course only in the hope that they can do something to add a little cheer to the old man I declining years. Aviator Chavez crets $10,000 for cross ing the Alps, which sum, at the rate Mayor Gaynor had to pay, will Just about satisfy the doctors lor patching iii< lii« broken bones. LOS VXGELES HERALD: WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 28, 1910. HUM, / RECKON J^il? jg G-ZfANT" TO THS SO, I I'D BETTER TAKE \^<^ tit^f^&&f f>/^<-' R'R- 8y T+fß THAT LAND BACK, \ t &QV££IN/*7EN7" Of* *^I§§^S V " - '..■;, \ * - , ■ ' J>- ' MUST DIG TO THE ROOTS THE convening in "Washington, D. C, of the American Prison asso ciation and the international prison congress testifies to world-wide recognition of the gravity of the prob lem with which those bodies profess to deal. Never before will so large an aggregation of experts have gathered together, nnd this, at least, should hold out promise for the future. Yet we feel by no means sanguine when we survey the differences of opinion admittedly existing among those who have made this subject their special study. In Monday's Herald wo save nn exhaustive digest of the addresses to be delivered, and we confess to hav ing risen from its perusal with a sink ing heart. We had supposed, for ex ample, that the indeterminate sen tence, whereby the term of detention is gauged by the prisoners proved fit ness for release, iiad been thrashed out so thoroughly as to rank among the issues on which a practical agree ment had been reached. Nevertheless, it will be opposed by four of the scheduled speakers, whil<-> its five sup porters will uphold it. only with re strictions. Again, on the eternally debated abo lition of capital punishment there are conflicting views, and one delegate will argue in favor of extending the death penalty to many crimes besides murder. As has been shown by our own Prison Reform league, modern crlm inologists denounce unsparingly the "deterrent" philosophy, declaring that the law should purge itself of vindic tiveness and examine more particular ly into the causes that result in crim inal acts. Many of the European del egates, however, will plead for a more drastic code, and one gentleman ad vances the opinion that "the period of imprisonment for tramps should be from one to ten years, with power to prolong the term." Now, the preva lence of vagrancy admittedly de pends on economic conditions, and we note that the English delegate frank ly acknowledges this as an incontes table truth. In the abstracts submitted we find hardly a trace of that study of so ciology without which it is Impossible for i riminologists to reach a just con clusion, the papers having been pre pared apparently by specialists, -whose work has been confined mainly to the condui i of their own admlnißj rath c departments and experimentation with their own cherished remedies. On the causes of crime an ominous silence is preserved, and there is a not unde served sting in our correspondent's closing remark that "naturally those mainly concerned the criminals—have not been Invited to give their views." Many of them could toll a story of temptation—such temptation as often forces them to choose between suicide nnd crime from which the easier financial circumstances of the experts seated In judgment happily exempt them. On one point, however, the writers of these papers agree < rime is alarm ingly on the increase. For this, as for till else in nature, there must be ex act and adequate ■ the arith metic of the universe never gets out of gear. Let us hope thai in the con vention's debates these causes will be elucidated. Failing this, the experts w m have i n bul scratching on the surface of a problem that calls f<>r deepest plowing. THE PERFECT POEM Into tho perfect potm three things en— Tha poet's heart, the love, of woman, Qod; '1.-iso with their light and might and nery Slow Transform to singing what wore else a clod. See how Fhe runs across the (trftM, yon Klrl! Snajlns and swlnelng, Illy-tall and swoet! What Joyful cadenc* In th" wind-blown curt! What chiming rhyming In tli<. dew-shod feet! ■I lie balanced aims arc itrephM, find th« kners Heml like a nuppl* couplet smooth and strong The whols a lilting lyric! Who looks spps My perfect daughter, hears my pr-rfcct.song. | — J'»U Mall i:»iy«ll»- Dispossess Him Reform in Court Procedure Editor Herald: Under above head ing in The Herald of 13th. lnst. some views were advanced, the proponent being the provident of the state bar iation, so remarkable as to re quire comment: "Flrßt, Where a man is charged with crime he should be inti rrogated by a magistrate. He may decline to answer if it so pleases -him. But the state should be permitted to comment on auch refusal before a jury.'' Our constitution regarding criminal prosecutions says, "No person shall be compelled to be a witness against him self." This declaration is tantamount to a prohibition of anything to the contrary of such declaration; Denio, C. J. says: "But the affirmative pre scriptions of the constitution are far more fruitful of restraints upon the legislature. Every positive direction containing an implication against any thing contrary to It, or which would frustrate or disappoint the purpose of t..at provision." People vs. Draper, 15 X. T., 532. The proponent says his proposal is "INHUMAN." but this designation is needless. When the constitution for bids compulsion of defendant to tes tily against himself it necessarily in cludes everything that would frustrate or disappoint the purpose of that pro vision. If the Interrogatories of the magistrate frustrate or disappoint the purpose of the constitution then they nrr> illegal. They are specially de si ni"l, however, to entrap defendant Into sumo damaging admission, right in the teeth of t.ie constitutional pro hibition. Under the prohibition defendant may stand mute and no authority exists to compel him to speak a word. The proponent proposes, however, to MAKE HIM SPEAK, and on his re fusal, to ÜB6 the fact of his CONSTI- Merely in Jest HIS IDEA OF FTOURB "John, dear," queried the young wife, glanc ing up from the physical culture magazine she was perusing, "what la your Idea of a perfect figure?" "Well," replied her husband, "JlW.OflO may not be perfection, but It's near enough to sat isfy a man of my simple taste3."—Chicago Daily News. CAUSES OF THINGS Reverend Gentleman— you know, my friend, that half the cases of cancer are caused by people smoking «hose foul, dirty, short, black clay pipes? Eon of Toll—And you you know, Guvnor, that 'alf of the black eyes are caused by folks not mlndin' their own business?— Ladles' Home Journal. A HEALTHFUL TOWN "If this town is as healthful as you say it Is, why do there happen to be so many doc tors' eigns in evidence?" "They are nearly all the 'signs of eye doc tors. The people are. so healthy here that they stay up nights enjoing the climate and in jure their ees."— Chicago Record-Herald. I NEW STANDARDS "The county fair management used to take pride, In showln' the finest pumpkins an" sweet potatoes an' such that could be raised." "Yes," replied Farmer Corntossel. "But we've got way past that. What we're after now Is the smartest aviators an 1 the most sur prising orators."— Washington Star, BOTH DOLEFUL •Who Is that man at the next table with that downcast, sad, resigned expression?" npked the guest at the club. •1 'don't recall his name," replied the host, i «mt he Is either a Republican or married to a ArtSogette; one can hardly tell them apart nowadays."—Puck. ONLY A FEW "I understand the Frasers are having trou ble," remarked the spinster. "Some, people take her part, and other* side with him." "And, I suppose," growled the bachelor, "there are a few excentrlc people who mind their own business?"— Stray Stories. THE JOY OP COMBAT "What did you think of the performance of "Hamlet?" asked the theater manager. "Pretty good,"-said the patron. "Only that flKht with Laertes seems a little tame after tho show given by the moving pictures last "-Washington Star. GENUINE Ho—That's a queer looking rocking chair. She—Teij It was brought over In the May flower, He—Ah, indeed! One of the original Plym outh Roc Hera, as It were.— Chicago Daily N«wi. TUTIONAIj SILENCE, aa evidence against nim on his trial! Is this the twentieth century, or have we harked back to the dark ages? If wo have harked back, why not em ploy "PEINE, FORTE, ET DURE?" But the proponent says by way of excuse, that "under the existing sys tem" the poor dovil is subjected to the sweat box and the third degree, until he confesses or furnishes clews which enable the prosecutor to ob tain evidence to secure a conviction. What is here termed a "system 1 'Is only an imitation of the Spanish in quisition, and an outrage which should be made a felony and punished by law. And without such law, the prosecu tor who resorts to such sudorific treatment, could be indicted for mal feasanco in office, and the policemen dismissed from the service on charges preferred. In every court of the last resort, such methods as the sweat box and the third degree have been de nounced and testimony thus obtained, rejected as illegal. This was the course at common law; it always denounced inquisitorial meth ods of obtaining evidence and recog nized fully the dangerous and utterly untrustworthy character of extorted confessions, and was never subject to the reproach that it gave judgment upon them. Cooley, Const. Llm. 442. All the works on evidence inform us that confessions anfl admissions must be voluntary In order to be admis sible: and where obtained by the flat tery of hope or the torture of fear, they are rejected. Our statute which permits a person to testify in his oWn behalf, follows the constitution, by re- fusinfr permission to cross-oxamlne him as to any facts not testified to by him on his examination in chief. People vs. O'Brien. 66 Cal., 602 Cooley, Const. Llm. 447-8-9. N. O. Lonpr Beach, September 22. Far and Wide MEANING OF "CLUBMAN" In the far spread New York of today the public takfs less interest In the private affairs of the children of Vanity Fair than It used to do. And so It ia elsewhere. You may se« the splash In a pond; It is lost In the ocean which is" a modern metropolis. Today the term "club man" means nothing. In t.ll days that are no igore It was a definition thnt stood for some thing.—New York Evening Sun. STATISTICAL. OVERSIGHT The Illinois Central idea that the more a workman la paid the less efficient he becomes must also mean that' the less he Is paid the more efficient he becomes. Thus to have men work without any wage at all would not only give the best service, but would also provide, the fattest dividends. It Is surprising that somebody did not think of this long ago.— Indianapolis (Ind.) News. v WILL BE WORTH IT When th« animals shall all wear clothes, 'Twill be worth a half dollar, When th« giraffe Is all dressed "up" . • To see hi» standing collar. —Christian Science Monthly. \ ■ ' WOULD BRIGHTEN IT UP Prize essays on the question of what to do with our ex-presldent are now in order, though the competition will bo lifeless unless Chan cellor Day enters It.—Syracuse Poet-Standard. NO WONDER SHE WANTS MORE The report that Him. Cavaliorl got all of Robert W. Chanler'3 money seems to be In correct. Some surgeons recently • operated on her for appendicitis.— Kansas City Times. - WORLD'S SELF-CONDENSATION RECORD By putting on all the brakes William De Mor gan has held his latest novel down to 423 pages. Such self-repression " has something heroic about it.—Denver Republican. OR ONE TO RAISE) TUB WRECK An aproprlatlon i. ay be needed to deter mine whether this year's political explosion In Maine was from the Inside or the outside.— Kansas City Times. • / WHY SPEND THE MOVET? Hoke Smith's campaign cost 111,686.10. Yet we hail been led to believe that It was a spon taneous offering to greatness.— Pittsburg Dis patch. TOOK HIM LITERALLY Mnie. Cavalierl evidently thought Bob Chan ler weant it when he said With all my world ly goods I thee,endow."— Indlunapolts Star. WHAT . ID UK BAY? What was the lowa man's inquiry of the Sth instant, thut .turned so ania«ing a reply? -lndianauulls Star PUBLIC LETTER BOX TO CORRESPONDENTS—Letter. Intended for publication nut be »ceomp»nl*4 by the n.ni. .ml »ddre» of The writer. Th* Herald .Ires th« wldMt latitude to corr«»pond«nt.. but Hivmn no mponatbllltjr (or their view*. POLICE AND PRESS Editor Herald: Tour editorial un der caption as above hardly does Jus- tiee, I think, to my position, which vraa NOT, as stated, a criticism of the publication of Belk's picture, but of "its publication HKFOUK HIS IDEN TIFICATION." The whole point i» In the last three words. Also, a by no moans negligible part of my letter was its challenge of the reprehensible practice so common in this city of allowing police officers to "usurp the Judicial function" by air ing their views aa to the guilt of UNTRIED prisoners. The London papers recently report ed a case whore a woman having "Identified" a prisoner, the latter"s lawyer told the court that a detective had "assisted" the identification by affording the witness a preliminary peep at the prisoner through a half open door. Now, on your principle, the magistrate should have pro nounced this "all right," but ho did not. He said such a thing was "most improper," and if It could be proved the court would declare tho identifica tion Invalid and discharge tho pris oner. I think that magistrate " i right and that that preliminary peop was on all fours with tho "too pre vious" publication of a prisoner's pic ture. "FAIR PLAY." Los Angeles, September 26. ROOSEVELT NO SOCIALIST Editor Herald: W. C. O. thinks my plea for particulars of Roosevelt achievement should be answered. So far, so good. But I fear he goes (as usual) somewhat fnr afield for his data upon which to link up T. R. with So cialism. Koosevelt is decidedly not a Socialist. At all times an arifltocr.it. he is potentially, and aiming to become actually, an autocrat; and any At tempt to identify his "new national ism" claptrap with Socialism will be spurned and repudiated by every So cialist worthy of the name. By the way, a Mr. Allison, who writes me privately through Thn Her ald after saying he enjoys my contri butions to the Letter Box, asks why T. R. should score Lorlmer, seeing the latter denies knowledge of any money being spent to put him in the senate; while Roosevelt, despite his denials, is known to have written the letter which brought $250,000 to his campaign fund. And Mr. A. thinks the following paragraph—one of many similar—from Roosevelt's own pen Is Illuminating "as to character:" "It was not exciting sport. As the birds flew in every direction I used my pump gun as rnpidly as I could pull the trigger. Rlsht and left I caught them, and at tho end of thirty minutes I found that sixty-seven of the beautiful birds had fallen before my aim." VAL STONE. Los Angeles, Sept. 24. PREFERENTIAL VOTING Editor Herald: I agree with your correspondent. Dr. Aiebttt, that the direct primary with the subsequent election is expensive. But comparing the expense to us of the Harper regime with that of Mayor Alexander, I think the latter is really dirt cheap. But I believe the cost can be reduced by adopting the plan in successful opera tion in Grand Junction, Colo., of preferential voting. Under that plan, say there were five candidates for mayor, the voter would record in columns on the ballot sheet his first, second and third choices for that of fice. The candidate receiving an ab solute majority of all the votes cast would be elected. If no candidate had an absolute majority, the candidate re ceiving the lowest vote would drop out, and the first and second choice votes of the remaining candidates added together. If no candidate re ceived a majority vote the candidate receiving the lowest would be lropped, and the first, second and third choices for the respective candidates would be added together, and the candidate re ceiving a majority of all votes cast would be elected. In case of a tie vote the election would be decided by the drawing of lots. In Dr. Aisbitt's plan a mere plurality vote would elect on the first ballot. That would enable railroad, booze and big business to unite on one candidate, while the decent vote was perhaps divided among two or more good can didates, and thus elect the worst one. I would be glad to hear the objections to this preferential system of voting. W. H. STUART. Los Angeles, Sept. 24. FOR STATE RAILROADS Editor Herald: Prom information given last night by the distinguished lawyer—Mr. Works—at the Votos for Women club we are more firmly con vinced that a useless expense is In curred in trying to legislate against corporations so well entrenched that the people are dependent on the final decisions of the courts as to tho con stitutionality of the laws their legis lators may make. We were told that the rights of a corporation must be protected, that fixing of rates should be loft to the Judiciary and that the city council had no jurisdiction In fix ing tho electric light rates. If this be true, why do candidates for offlco waste so much energy ln ( attacking the Southern Pacific? We hfive suggested a way out of the difficulty and trust The Herald will kindly bring it before the voters. The legislature, having power of making appropriations of the state money for various purposes, such as expositions, etc., should appropriate a sum to build necessary lines of trans portation, to bfl owned by the state nnrl operated for the benefit of the public. This wfll not conflict with the wording of the constitution, for it will promote the general welfare of all the people nnd will obviate the neces sity of railway supervision and 'other useless expenditures. It will help to solve the problem of unemployed men, lower the cost of living, to sny nothing of other advantages to the state. We are surprised that reform fac tions of all parties are not united In protecting the few rights still remain ins from corporate control. It I« a. well known axiom that the man who controls the means by which you live controls you. The Standard Oil com pany and the Southern Pacific own n large proportion of the land of this jtate, In tho conservation district their lands nre not withdrawn. Well founded rumor says they will soon be gin developing their oil lands. W» trust that no man aspiring to office I obtuse mentally as to be unable to foresee the result. We have only to recall the tactics of the Standard < HI Company elsewhere to see how help less the small oil men will be with no mean* of transportation at reasonable rat's, with both of these corporations allied against them. Remember, the fine Imposed by Judge I-andls has not been paid, and other judges are ready to reverse deoislons. So if there is to h. c real Insurgency against wrong, let there be consistency In progreeslveness, nnd with the heralded •■new national ism" let us have a little rationalism. EMMA G. SCHAFER. LIKES HERALD MAGAZINE Editor Herald: Sometimes we are In clined and do criticise what we fancy the shortcomings of our preferred pa per and I too seldom offer a word of commendation. But today it is a great pleasure to make honorable mention of the magazine section of your Sunday issue. It is a veritable gem from cover to cover. If. should be in ©very homo in Los Angeles and would prove a pleasure as well as profitable to every household. "Moments with the Camera," "Amateurs," "The Home," "Health and Scientific Sanitation" and other departments are all gems of the first order. Tho simple suggestions which are given weekly in the llttlo paper regarding the matter of eating, when, how and what to eat, If fol lowed would soon solve the question of high living and worry on that score would soon cease. Wife and I have decided • we cannot afford to throw away the magazine section of The Her flnd, but will keep them for reforenco when needed. I repeat that today's issue is a veritable gem throughout and should be in every home in the city; bettor still, in every home in the county. J- R. K» Los Angeles, Sept. 25. ANTI-VACCINATION MOVEMENT Editor Herald: In answer to a letter asking for anti-compulsory vaccination petitions I would sny in behalf of tho State Anti-Vaccination league recent ly organized in Lot Angeles, that we welcome the co-operation, of all those opposing the compulsory vaccination law. Tho league was organized be cause we feel that compulsory vaccin ation Is undermining- tho health of the youth of our land. We know that vac cination viruß, which is composed of living disease germs and putrid matter from decayed animal tissue, is poison ous to tho blood; that the varieties of vaccine virus are a product of human smallpox matter inoculated into the calf. We have indisputable evidence that vaccination nover has prevented tho spread of smallpox, but that, on the contrary, the greatest epidemics recorded in history have raged among the vaccinated. The toleration of vac cniation by the people is secured by tho deliberate distortion of facts, and by the continued publication in medical journals of statistics apparently favor able to vaccination that havo repeat edly been proved to be false. Wo are anxious for leagues to be or ganized all over the state. For further antl-compuisory vaccination petitions, please address Mrs. John Sobieski, 2807 Brighton avenue, Los Angeles. MKS. JOHN SOBIESKI. rresldent Auti-Vacclnatlon League Los Angeles, Sept. 26. IMMODESTY AT BEACHES Editor Herald: Reports from conti nental seaside resorts and watering places describe interesting sights which may bo seen where sensational innova tions studiously designed to attract the sightseeing and traveling public are presented. But one does not have to travel abroad to see sights that will produce thrills and gasps of astonish ment, for one does not have to Journey farther than any of our nearby beaches to witness scenes rivaling In their dar ing anything likely to be seen on the other side of the pond. Europe's latest sensation—tho network bathing trunks, the dlrectoire bathing suit and one piece garment for female bathers —are all outdone, faded to a frazzle, by the audaciously daring, well nigh wanton, abandon of Southern Californlan wa ter nympha who wade In "au natural." Protests have been made from various beaches through press and pulpit bo frequently about display of nudity and scantiness of attire *In public that It was considered, worth while by your correspondent to Investigate. To see if any real grounds existed for these published complaints that the bounds of modesty were overstepped or rules of public decency violated, trips to several beaches were made at different times In the last month and these visit* revealed most astonishing conditions that call for reform. NOT A PRUDE. Lo« Angeles, Sept. 22. WOMAN IN HISTORY Editor Herald: Not so very lon* ago a youth of 16—a high school lad rose In a suffrage meeting and asked the speaker If there were any etates in the Union where women now vote. He was earnestly seeking Information upon the subject, for his text books were silent in regard to the whole problem of woman as a citizen of, tho United States. Plenty of information about the ao lngs of Queen Isabella, who made It possible for Columbus to discover America, and -whole pages of English and German history devoted to the queens of England and other countries, but America's sovereigns have always been men, and her women have never done anything that our historians have thought worth while to write about. And so our children have come to the very natural conclusion that the wom en of America do not amount to much and aren't worth minding. I examined a history of recent man ufacture—a history of the United States used in the model school of a state normal institution. From cover to cover It was full of the wonderful exploits of our forefathers—adven turos discoveries, settlements, tights and battles galore; inventions, and all the other things which go to the founding of a nation—and all tho work of men. Three females ivlone were mentioned In tho entire volume. The Hrst notice was the fact that Virginia Dare was the first white child born in the colonies, from which statement one may infer that there were fore mothers as well ad forefathers. Sandwiched in between whole pages of brilliant descriptions of battle scenes of the civil war with biog raphies of all the generals and men of prominence, there occurred this one SC"The Red Cross association, under the able leadership of Miss Clara Bar ton, did noble service on the battle field and in the army hospital." One would think It were as impor tant for the children of this nation to know how, why and when the Red Cross came Into being and of Us noblo work of life saving as to mem orize the dates of bloody battles and the number of killed and wounded therein. The othor fomale whose name ap pears upon tho pages of this history was Miss Frances Willard, in connec tion with the work of the W. C. T. U. Two sentences sufficed to cover tho whole life work of thin magnificent citizen and her grand coworkers. This authentic chronicle of events gave tile dates of admission of terri tories to statehood and told of the emancipation of the negro, but not one word of woman's emancipation In the four free states, Colorado, Utah, Idaho and Wyoming. Is this fair to America's women, than whom no other country boasts any worthier? CAROLINE WHAHTUN. Los Aneelea, September 25.