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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, September 30, 1910, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1910-09-30/ed-1/seq-3/

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BARE SECRETS IN
CAR REPAIR CASE
Witness Tells of Big Checks Paid
I. C. Officials as Their
Share in Graft
NEW NAMES ARE INVOLVED
0
R. R. Employes Said to Have Had
Bonuses for Finding
Something to Fix
(Annotated Prat)
CHICAGO, Sept. 29.— C. Gooclrlch,
a self-confessed gobetween, and Henry
C. Ostermann, former president of the
Ostermann Manufacturing company,
vied with each other bafore Municipal
Judge Bruggemeyer today in stripping
bare the secrets of the alleged combina
tion that Is charged with swindling the
Illinois Central railroad by car repair
frauds.
Goodrich, like Ostermann, was placed
on the stand as a witness for the prose
cution. He described in detail methods
that he said Illinois Central officials
used to conceal their Identity as stock
holders in the Ostermann repair con
cern.
In" testifying yesterday Ostermann
had said, certain payments were made
to railroad officials by checks through
Goodrich. ■"£ 'i:
When placed on , the stand today
Goodrich began his testimony at this
point.. '' •.
"The checks were made out. In my
name," he said. "Frank B. Harriman
had asked me some time previously if
1 would agree to let him have checks
made out in my name and accept cer
tain payments' for him. I agreed. I do
not know what source the claims came
from, but I received a number of them.
' I know, however, that they were issued
by this company, of which I have been
reading in the newspapers. I indorsed
them and placed them to my private
account in the Fort Dearborn National
bank."
R.VWN AGAIN INVOLVED
The rtame of Ira G. Rawn, late presi
dent of the Monon railroad and former
vice president of the Illinois Central,
was again brought into the proceedings
when Goodrich testified that on Decem
ber 18, 1909, he wrote a check for $10,000
to Ira G. Rawn, which was cashed by
Rawn ' on, December 21. The $10,000
check, he said, was in return for two
$5000 checks sent to Goodrich on De
cember 13 and signed by Niles.
Ostermann was recalled when Good
rich had concluded hia testimony.
In connection with the formation of
the Memphis Car Repair company Os
termann told how stock was Issued and
to whom.
New names, those of H. H. McCourt,
general superintendent of the Illinois
Central lines south of the Ohio river,
and W. S. King, general superintendent
of the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley rail
road, were mentioned by Ostermann
in this connection.
Stock was issued in certl&cat«s of 161
shares each in the Memphis Car Re
; pair company, Ostermann ' said.
Ostermann. then said car repair com
panies paid certain Illinois Central of
ficials a bonus as high as $25 each car
for cars sent to them for repairs, and
made "presents" of varying size to all
grades of employes for vigilance in de
tecting and reporting "bad order" cars.
He said the amount charged on each
car by the repair companies was reg
ulated directly by the Illinois Central
officials interested in the alleged graft
ing. .
"We got orders at one time," the wit
ness said, "not to let the charge per
car run higher than $325, and later this
was reduced to $275. In many cases
the cost of repair would run higher,
but we had to make the average as
the amount stated. In trying to keep
the average down we adopted the plan
of ■ reporting, cars repaired that never
had been repaired. ■ Only cars that
passed through the ■ switches la our
yards were so reported."
—:« ■ »
FUNSTON INSULTED BY
LIVERY, LEAVES HOTEL
Similarity Between a Bell Boy's
Dress and Army Uniform
Enrages General
KANSAS-CITY, Mo., Sept. 29— How
Brig. <3en. Frederick Funston became
enraged because a bellboy In a hotel
here wore a uniform which was almost
a replica of that a captain in the
regular army wears, and moved from
the hostelry Monday, developed today.
General Funston and Percy Barsh
fleld, a former lieutenant In the Twen
tieth Kansas, of Philippines war fame,
were together when they noticed the
bellboy. They both demanded of the
head clerk the reason for the youth bo
lng permitted to wear a uniform of
such pattern.
"It is an insult to every man who
wears shoulder straps," said General
Funston. "It takes years of waiting
and hard service to earn it, and we'll
not see It degraded by use as the liv
ery of a servant."
While the clerk was explaining that
no insult to the army had been in
tended General Funston demanded his
bill be made -out. A few minutes later
he left the hotel.
At his home in Fort Leavenworth
General Funston said that while ha
probably acted hastily he believed he
was right.
LANDSLIDE MAY DELAY
WORK ON PANAMA CANAL
WASHINGTON, Sept. 29.—A large
section of the Panama canal chasm
was filled by a great landslide on the
night of September 16. The earth and
rocks not only covered all the tracks
on the east side and filled the canal
ditch, but spread over one track on
the west side.
The slide occurred In the Culebra
cut at Cucuracha, where the cut Is
deepest, and the inconvenience will
continue until the end of the month.
Five thousand cubic yards of earth
and rock slowly moved down the
mountainside. Having exhausted
every other means to stop It, the en
gineers have made up their minds that
all of this materiaj, representing more
than> one-half of one percent of the
total excavations In the Culebra cut,
must be slowly dug out and removed.
Prominent Financiers Aboard the
$1,000,000 Special for Los Angeles
FIRST BANKERS' TRAIN
WILL ARRIVE TOMORROW
Railroad Officials Report Croesus
Special as Running on
Schedule Time
Late advices received by local rail
road officials indicate that the special
trains bearing delegates to the annual
convention of the American Bankers'
association, coming from all sections of
the United States, are running on
time and will arrive here as scheduled.
The Salt Lake route has received
word that the Chicago special, carry
ing 150 delegates from the Windy city
and vicinity, left on time and will ar
rive here tomorrow at 4:30 p. m. The
St. Louis special Is carrying 101 dele
gates and is due October 2 at 7:30 a.
m. The special from Kansas City has
only 73 people on It, but there will be
a greater number from that city, ac
cording to local rallroMl people. It
was Impossible for all intended
to come from that city to start on the
day the special departed and those
will arrive later on regular trains.
The same is true of St. Paul and
Minneapolis. Owing to the fact that
a sufficient number could not come
on the same date, delegates from the
twin cities will travel overland on
regular trains, meeting in Los An
geles, where they will probably make
up a special here for the return trip.
BRDOKINS GAINS RECORD
IN RASH WITH AIRSHIP
(Continued from Pace One)
H. H. Kohlsaat, via the first air line
from Chicago to Springfield."
Brooklns announced he would make
exhibition flights tomorrow. Saturday
afternoon he will race Barney Oldfield's
200 horse power automobile for a mile.
The aviator tonight is the guest of
Mr. Crebs, who requested a squad of
police to keep the crowds far enough
from the house so Brookins could sleep.
Mr. Wright tonight added to his
terse remark. He said:
"The machine will go for any dis
tance. He flew better the farther he
went, because he had used up more
gasoline and was lighter."
Only water, oil and gasoline stood
between Brookins and a continuous
flight between Chicago and Spring
field. He said when his arms tired, he
set the steering appartus with his
knees and rested, and in this way
was prepared to travel almost any dis
tance.
In the race with the special flyer on
the Illinois .Ceatral, which had the
right of way over everything, Brook
ins' machine fell behind only when it
had to rise high. When the airship
glided down again it forged ahead and
stayed there.
At the first stop Brookins waited for
fourteen minutes for the train to
come up.
The roaring cheer that greeted his
arrival at Springfield seemed to those
in the racing train to be only a swell
ing of the almost continuous noisy ova
tion that had greeted the daring 22
--year-old air man all the way from
Chicago.
As soon as he had his machine stored
he went down to the city to keep a
luncheon appointment and the Amer
ican record for continuous flight, lield
by Glenn H. Curtiss at 141 miles, was
set at 187, miles—Brookins, Wright bi
plane, holder.
NEW LIGHT IS THROWN
ON SUICIDE OF MINISTER
CHICAGO, Sept. 29.—New light was
thrown on the suicide of Rev. Arthur
W. Little, rector of St. Mark's Epis
copal church in Evanston, last night,
when It became known that he himself
had been compelled to take treatment
In a sanitarium at Neosha, Wis., for
three weeks last January.
The letter which was found on Dr.
Little's writing desk read:
"September 28, 1910.
"Something has broken in my brain.
I told the doctor and the Staymakers
and they would not believe me. But
It Is true. The wireless clothesline Is
broken. God have mercy. A. /W.
Little.
"Oh, my poor wife. Be good to her.'
The sentence, "the wireless clothes
line is broken," is unexplained.
"He was by far the finest Latin
scholar In the diocese," said the Rev.
W. T. Summer, dean of the cathedral
of' St. Peter and Paul, "and in my
opinion one of the most refined, cul
tured clergymen we had. Personally,
he was charming, a real 'thorough
bred' in everyday life.
"I had seen a great change in him
In the last few years since the illness
of his wife, and I know he had been
more and more despondent of late,
thougb I never had a^y sTnfvtatlon of
thia shocking end,"
LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1910.
"SQUEEZE ME" BADGES
OFFEND STAID BANKERS
Association Buttons with Ultra-
Lively Inscription Are
Quickly Recalled
Chagrin seized mtembers of the ex
ecutive committee in charge of general
arrangements for the American Bank
ers' association meeting in Los Angeles
when they got their first glimpse yes
terday of badges ordered by a member
of the sub-committee.
"A. B. A. Squeeze Me for Informa
tion," is the Inscription on the badges,
which are two inches in diameter and
yellow, to convey the impression that
they are oranges. They were classed
as lemons, however, after an inspection
that lasted less than a second.
The badges are so large and the In
scription, in the opinion of the com
mittee, so ill advised that the giving
out of a number of them caused some
heated expressions. Those issued were
recalled hastily and badges deemed
more fitting in every way will be is
sued.
After the flfrst wave of Indignation
passed the members of the committee
began to see some of the humorous
complications that might have followed
indiscriminate scattering of the badges,
and their wrath was softened. Regard
ing the affair, W. H. Holllday, presi
dent of the Merchants National bank
and chairman of the executive commit-
tee, said yesterday afternoon:
"The work of preparing for the en
tertainment of the visiting bankers Is
being done by several cdmmittees. It Is
goinfr along quite satisfactorily. A sub
commltteeman, however, without the
approval of the chairman of the com
mittee, put out a number of badges of
which the general committee disap
proved very decidedly. These badges
have been recalled and suitable ones
will be Issued for distribution."
THE 'CROESUS SPECIAL'
SPEEDING TOWARD L A.
DENVER, Sept. 29.—The bankers'
special, known as "The Croesus
specal," bearing the Chicago bankers
to the American Bankers' convention
in Los Angeles, arrived in Denver
this afternoon and departed this even
ing for Salt Lake City by way of the
Union Pacific railroad.
United States Treasurer Lee Mc-
Clung, who will attend the conven
tion, left Denver for the west last
night.
WANT BANKERS TO SEE FETE
SANTA ANA, Sept. 29.—An effort
will be made to induce the bankers'
special train of twelve cars to make a
prolonged stop at Santa Ana October
3, as^it goes through to San Diego. Oc
tober 3 Is the opening day of the Or
ange County Carnival of Products, and
it is desired that the bankers may see
the opening parade of the carnival in
which the products of this wonderfully
rich and fertile county will be dis
played.
JAPAN CALMS SUSPICION
OF BIG NAVAL INCREASE
Authorities at Tokio Declare That
Expenditure Will Be Less
Than $5,000,000
TOKIO, Sept. 14.—Via Victoria, B. C.,
Sept. 29. —The authorities deny a recur
rence In Japan of the naval expansion
fever that marked the policy of the
government three or four years ago,
and brought about much outside criti
cism and suspicion.
The total increase in the naval ex
penditures for the current year con
templated in the budget, it is pointed
out, is less than $5,000,000. The minister
of thei navy says the law requires this
year a very large amount of upkeep,
and that as a matter of fact, the ex
penditure by Japan for the last two
years has been entirely inadequate to
maintain her navy at its proper stan
dard.
Japan's newest Dreadnought, the
Kawachl, wil be launched October 10,
at Yokosuka. TheTceel was laid last
April. The Kawachl displaces 20,000
tons, Is 480 feet long, 48 feet beam, 28
feet deep and will be equipped with
te» 12-inch, ten '6-inch, twelve 4-lnch
guns, and five torpedo tubes.
BILICKE BTARTB EABTERN FIRM,
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., Sept. 29.—
A certificate of Incorporation was is
sued by the secretary of state today to
the Grain Exchange Bulling company
at Kansas City. The capital stock is
to be $1,500,000. A. C. Bllicke of Los
Angeles, Cal., holds practically all of
the stock.
PROSECUTION OF
HASKELL DROPPED
Restrictions of Court Cause the
Government to Aban
don Case
OTHER SUITS ARE DISMISSED
Indictments Found in Muskogee
Town Lot Matter Are
Nolle Prossed
(Associated Pre»]
MCAL.BSTKR. Okla., Sept. 29.—The
trial of Governor C. M. Haskell of Okla
homa in the Muskogee town lot cases
came to a sudden end today when the
government announced that under the
restrictions laid down by the court it
would be unable to make out a case
against Haskell or any of his code
fendants.
Governor Haskell and three other de
fendants were charged In an Indictment
returned by a federal grand Jury with
"conspiracy to defraud the govern
ment" in the disposal of town lot sites
at Muskogee, Okla. It was charged
that by the false registration of the
names of persons scattered over the
country they secured title to about 600
lots.
Tne dismissal of all of the cases today
was attributed by the government at
torneys to their Inability to confine
their proof to the period of limitation
as fixed by Federal Judge John A.
Marshall.
Judge Marshall said the circuit court
of appeals' decision, under which he
was bound to rule, was in some points
at variance with his own views, but he
had no alternative.
Others besides Gov. Haskell whose
cases were dismissed were W. T.
Hutchlngs, an attorney; Owen W. Tur
ner and Walter R. Eaton, all of Mus
kogee. The cases against A. Z. Eng
lish and F. B. Severs, jointly Indicted
with Haskell, were nolle prossed several
days ago. Attorney Rush said:
"The government by no means admit
ted that the defendants were not guilty.
When the trial was postponed last May
we were not limited as we now are.
The decision in the Lonabaugh case
come up in June, and it was because of
the restricted views taken in this de
cision that we felt we would be unable
to sustain a case. The suits already
have had good results, for Severs and
English have eince restored to the gov
ernment more than 100 lota and $40,000
in cash." .
Gov Haskell in an Interview Bald he
was confident he would be eliminated
from the caw.
BURY HEROIC AVIATOR
WHO FLEW OVER ALPS
All Europe Joins In Last Tribute
to Dead Chavez
DOMODOSSOLA. Italy, Sept. 29.—
The funeral of George Chavez, the
Peruvian aviator who was fatally in
jured after having- accomplished the
unprecedented feat of flying- from
Switzerland over the Alps to Italy,
was held here today. The occasion
was remarkable in the matter of trHt
utes to the courage of the youth.
General Spingardi, Italian minister
of war, sent a epecial representative
and the populace of the town and the
surrounding country followed the body
to the church.
Floral tributes came from all parts
of Europe and thousands of peasants
tramped down the mountainsides with
arms filled with mountain flowers. One
little girl laid on the casket a bunch
of edelweiss that blooms alone among
the eternal snows of the Alps, bound
with a ribbon on which had been writ
ten: ."Gathered among- the mountain
peaks* over which you flew."
An autopsy revealed that the avia
tor's heart was displaced by the shock
of the fall when a wing of his aero
plane collapsed as he was attempting
to alight. '
DEATH CLAIMS AVIATOR
MUEIiHAUSEN, Germany, Sept. 29.
—Aviator Flochmann, who was injured
when his biplane collapsed at a height
of 160 feet yesterday, died today with
out having recovered consciousness.
SHIPPERS MAY SECURE
NEW SCHEDULE FOR GRAIN
Revised Rates to Require Identity
in Transportation of Products
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Sept. 29.—The
milling in transit problem, for years
the bugaboo of shippers and carriers
In grain shipping centers of the coun
try Is believed to have been solved at
a meeting in this city yesterday by a
committee composed of shippers ana
carriers at the Southeastern Missis
sippi Valley association headquarters.
It Is proposed to put new rules Into
effect on a date not yet set. These
ruels stipulate that the identity of a
shipment of raw product must be
maintained at all times. A descrip
tion of the shipment will be filed and
If a disparity is discovered the ship
per will be penalized.
TEETOTALER WINS PLACE
AS LONDON'S LORD MAYOR
LONDON, Sept. 29.—Sir Thomas V.
Strong was elected lord mayor of Lon
don without opposition today. Sir
Thomas Is a temperance advocate and
enjoys the distinction of being the
first teetotaler chosen as chief magis
trate of the metropolis. He was born
In 1857 and in 1900 married Lillie, the
eldest daughter of the late James Hart
well.
The lord mayor figured prominently
in the entertainment and ceremonies
connected with the coronation of King
George.
ACCUBE3 NEVADA MINING FIRM
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Sept. 29.—1n
the circuit court here today I. N. Wat
son of this city was appointed re
eciver for the Nevada Mining and
Milling company of Keno, Nev. The
petition was filed by a stockholder, who
alleged that the mine was being mis
managed.
PINCHOT APPEALS
FOR UNITED WORK
Former Forester Urges Concilia
tion in Speech Before
Pueblo Congress
SELFISHNESS IN OPPONENTS
Chicago Recommended as Next
Convention City, and Offi
cers Are Indorsed
[Associated Press]
PUEBLO, Colo., Sept. Gifford
Pinchot, -wildly cheered, pleaded today
for conciliation of the enemies of na
tional conservation and for harmony
between, states rights men and "na
tionalists" In his address before the
national irrigation congress.
Only by working together, he de
clared, could the opponents of all con
servation be fought successfully, and
natural resources be kept in posses
sion of the people. „
"There Is only one enemy to fight,
he said. "It is the man In politics to
feather his own nest.
"The last year has been the turning
point," he continued, "and the people i
realize that while we have a right and i
a duty to use all we need of minerals, !
forests, lands and watero, behind and |
above all is the equal, or stronger, i
duty to administer our birthright so I
that we may hand it down to future |
generations a nation richer, stronger
and purer than the nation that inhab
its it today." ■ .' ■- .
Mr. Pinchot declared the loudest
cries against the new policy and the
most bitter fight against it have come
from those Individuals and organiza
tions who see their Individual profits
are in danger.
"Any fight of this kind must have a
focal point," he said. "Any great con
test always centers around a few men
and organizations."
RESOURCES FOB AIX PEOPLE
"The basic principle of this fight of
yours and mine is that it is better to
help the small man make a living than
to help the big man make a profit; to
indorse the idea that the natural re
sources do not belong to a lew rich
men, mainly in Wall street, but they
belong and must be kept in the pos
session of the people.
"I believe the contest of states rights
and federal, so prominently before this
congress, would never have arisen If
the government had not undertaken
to control some of the special inter
ests, which believed they could all con
trol by mking refuge behind the states.
"My view is this: There are certain
things in which the state Is obviously
incapable of asserting as useful power,
as useful control, as the national gov
ernment. In those the government
should control. There are many places
in which the protection of the people
belongs to the states, and in those the
state should have lull swing. In both
cases I deprecate all efforts to raise
this quarrel, because In the muddy
water there is a refuge for the man
who wants to escape all control. I
believe In co-operation between the
states and the nation." !'.'>'
BIG STICK FOR ROOSEVELT
C. E. Ballrelch or Pueblo presented
to Mr. Pinchot as trustee a gnarled
"big stick" out of the forests of Colo
rado, studded with Colorado gems and
precious metals, with the injunction to
deliver it to "Theodore Roosevelt, the
man who is wise and strong enough
to use It impartially for the benefit of
all, and the only man strong enough
and gentle enough to use the big stick
as a shepherd's crook."
Action by the resolution committee
Indicates the congress will indorse fed
eral control, though assurance was
given tonight that Colorado will pre
sent a minority report relating its dis
pute with New Mexico and Texas over
the Rio Grande. This controversy was
aired on the floor today, but no action
was taken, pending the committee's
report. , . . ' ■ •■■•.'
The California clash of yesterday re
appeared today in a brief tilt between
P. C. Finkle and Francis Cuttelle. Mr.
Finkle admitted he Is consulting en
gineer for a large power company, but
claimed he expressed only his personal
views in dissenting on the matter of
federal control. Mr. Cuttelle replied
that he not only represented his own
views, but spoke for 5000 fruit growers
in Southern California.
Telegrams were read from the state
engineer and conservation commission
of Nebraska indorsing federal control
of water.
WATER NEEDED FOR I'LANTS
."The Water Need of Plants and the
Means of Securing It" was discussed
by the Imperial German Special Com
missioner, N. Kaumanns, who treated
the subject from a scientific stand
point. He Bald in part:
"The ordinary artificial processes
and circumstances by which the
amount of water In the soil is reduced
are chiefly:
"First. The ever-increasing destruc
tion of the forests. Even it the for
ests do not absolutely compel the
clouds to yield their stores, they cer
tainly have the good quality of re
tarding the rapid flowing off of the
water especially on mountains and on
mountain slopes. They keep back the
flood that it may benefit the valleys
without inundating them, and so en
able their inhabitants to make use of
the water. For these reasons alone
the ev.er-increasing and ruthless clear-
Ing of the forests should be summar
ily stopped.
"Second. The more extensive de
velopment of mining which draws off
a considerable amount of water from
the districts in which it Is carried on.
"Third. The intensive cultivation of
land which bring this about in sev
eral ways. It is possible to increase the
yield of the land considerably by In
tensive cultivation. In the seventies,
the sugar beet yield of Germany was
raised to make it clear that when a
crop has been doubled a double amount
of water must also havo been demand
ed from the ground. As it is with th^
sugar beets, so also must it be even If
In a lesser degree with other plants.
The practice of putting other plants
between the rows also makes heavy de
mands on the water supply.
SUTPX.Y OF SOIL MOISTURE
"In order to obtain a supply of soil
moisture the largest possible quantity
of the water corning to the soil should
be retained; and this can be done onl/
when the capacity of the soil to taW
up moisture is »t its maximum. Pf :
this two things are especially perf -
nent; (a) The ground should be turned
immediately after the crop has been
taken off, and before the rainy season
of the year setsc in it should, if possible,
be plowed in rough furrows. In this
condition it can absorb most of the
rain that falls. A considerable por
tion of the rain will flow off a flat
surface without doing ar»y good. The
lower layers of soil, then, are to bo
worked up with a subsoil plow. In
j^^^ Player Roll Music
dar() & Ange|us
111 V Price )) —~"
\ThisWeek/ At 50% Discount
This Week
We are cleaning house in our Music Roll Department. We have
marked 500 roll* with red pencil and placed them on Bale at half price.
We have another lot of 200 which we will sell at 25 cents per roll, re
gardless of size.
This ad may not appear again, but if you have a player of any make
and want soma standard selections cheap—phor.e or tall at once.
REMEMBER, this is not worn out library music (we have no library),
but overstocked, shopworn, miscellaneous music which we must sell be
fore Inventory.
IT PATS TO TRADE WITH A 810 ORGANIZATION
I 7T7~~770 I CUT OUT AltO MAIL I OTHER STORES
416-410 P. M ma., m. ' r..«r «£ D ™^' ,^-J
O i-L catalogue. ramento, Eureka. Phoenix,
\rillTll »r El Paso. Portland, R«d-
OUUUI Nam. Ml ,, San Bernardino,
f* __J.,____ Santa Barbara, Imperial,
Broadway Ada™. | „ntinton Beach. |
|^jWß^Pt^yM»"^^Wifc<i^Wßwyw*^^yiaTs2rrr^Tt?r!? , - „— ■"■ '■■ — ■■■— ■■*.- l*> . ■■■■" I n •;i,=Jß3|| #1
All Steel Equipment
The Pullman Company has under
construction five new complete steel
trains to be ,
' - " ■ "- $
Operated on the only
20th Century Limited
<
between New York and Chicago. They will I
tbe inaugurated on this world-famous train 1
within a very short time. As fast as the - |i
builders can turn them out, all passenger |
trains* will be equipped with steel cars on the ||
New York Central Lines
H F. M. BYRON, General Agent Passenger Dept.
if 509 South Spring Street, Los Angeles, Cal.
i Warren J. Lynch, Passenger Traffic Manager, Chicago, 111.
" . . . - . ■ ■ ■ . ■ ■■■ ii 1 :
jj3l i\. \j v/IvV/ A 'U' W •-' "v"
I Hhh L'keXut.. jU^
TVf iLtMm! Solid oak rocker, cobbler seal
\\\\ ||^i^ rodded arm. A splendid value at
JpiSliipiS $2.}s. Worth #3.50.
b.-... ...-— xmmm —iiiiib iiiii ii— i in I in ____— ■
this connection it should be borne in
mind that soil, when beaten down, not
only takea up water more slowly but
also gives it much more readily than
soil thoroughly broken up. (b) To in
crease the water absorbing power of
the soil still further lime or organic
substances may be applied. We must
allow the plants to get all the mois
ture they require and it is especially
important to supply them with enough
moisture the year round to insure a
good flo-r of sap even if there should
happen to be a drought during the
summer months. For this reason a
very luxuriant growth in spring is not
advantageous. If in spite of all pre
cautions, a scarcity of soil should set
in, tho farmer should cultivate his
fields over and over again."
I.ACDS UNITED STATES
In his address E. E. Skorniakoff,
engineer, ministry of agriculture, Rus
sia, referred to America as the most
active pioneer In the revival of the
art of irrigation, adding that her ex
ample had a very important bearing
upon the whole world. The speaker
said in part:
"The example of America has a very
important bearing upon the wholt
world. Tho possibility of the success
of irrigation under present conditions
has been proved, and now the time is
not bo far when many deserts of the
old world will hear the murmur of
water and the rustle of foliage. Per
mit me then to direct your thoughts
in the few minutes alloted to me to
another country not loss vast in e»
tent than tho United States and re
markably similar to them in its phys
ical conditions—to Russia.
"I regret to «ay that in the United
States tho majority of the people, have
a very distorted conception of Russia.
Very few in America realize that al
ready fourteen million acres in our
country are being irrigated, that 'here
are places where the inhabitants have
never seen snow and that we grow
quantities •of grapes, cotton, rloe,
oranges and tea.
"The population of the ,lussinn em
pire amounts to about 150, (00,000 souls.
and its area comprises nearly nines
million 3quare miles."
Tho speaker then dwelt at consider
able length on the natural features of
Russia, declaring that there are In that
country four distinct regions that re
quire irrigation, and that the total
area needing water is at the present
time 1,500,000 square miles. These dis
tricts, he said, are the south of Rus
sia, southwestern Siberia, Turkestan,
and Transcaucasia. He described in
detail the conditions in these districts.
TWITCHELL. FOB PRESIDENT
Recommendation of Chicago as the
convention city for 1911 was decided
upon tonight by the committee on per
manent organization, together with a
favorable report on the following of
ficers:
President, R. E. Twitchell, New Mex
ico; first vice president, F. W. Fleming,
Kansas City; second vice president, I<.
Newman, Montana; third vice presi
dent, A. G. Watson, Pueblo; fourth
vice president, John Fairweather, Cali
fornia; fiftU vice president, B. C. Bui
fum, Wyoming; secretary. Arthur
Hooker, Spokane; foreign secretary, K.
McQueen Gray, New Mexico.
Kven against these odds, the Califor
nia delegation tonight announced their
refusal to consider the decision of tho
committee as final, and an appeal will
bo made to the congress In favor of
Los Angeles, on the ground that tho
irrigation congress should be held In
some arid state.
Because the resolutions committed
considered It extraneous matter. It re
fused to Indorse either the San Fran
ctsco or New Orleans Panama exposi
tion for 1915.
DETROIT'S WEARISOME POSTURE
St. Louis still claims to be the fourth
city in the country in population, but
the margin is so narrow that Detroit
is standing on its hind legs and offer
ing to hypothecate any number of du
cuts on the proposition that it will nut
rank the Missouri metropolis in 1920.—
Chicago Tribune
3

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