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Part ll—Pages 9 to 16
EXPERTS DISCUSS VALUES IN SOIL Two Hundred Delegates Attend Convention Here Under State University Auspices CROP CULTIVATION SYSTEMS Professor Norton Explains Man agement of Citrus Ground in Fall and Winter The soil convention opened in the Chamber of Commerce yesterday under the auapiceß of the University of Cali fornia. It is of great importance to the horticultural and agricultural in terests of Southern California. It will continue through the week, closing Fri day. The sessions today and during the week will be held in Ulanchard hall. Prof E J Wlckson, dean of the college of agriculture at Berkeley, pre sided at the sessions yesterday and made the opening address. Two hundred hortlculturallsts and agriculturists were present and lis tened to the interesting addresses bear ing on the conditions of soil for pro pagating various crops. BOIL VALUES FOB CROPS "Physical Features of Polls which Influence Their Ability to Feed Crops" was the subject of Dr. F. H. King of Madison, Wls. He spoke of the effect of water in the 801 l and uttered a warning against the excessive use of sodium nitrate for fertilizer, pointing out that It leaves in the soil a black alkali which in time will prove ex tremely harmful. He regards surface irrigation practically useless with Its evaporation and passing over the soil without depth of moisture. He advo cates the storing of water In the win ter. He claims that thirty feet of gravel will store ten feet of clear water which cannot evaporate. Prof J. H. Norton spoke on "The Management of Citrus Orchard Soil During Fall and Winter Months." Regret was expressed that Dr. Cyril O. Hopkins of the University of Illinois was called home on account of the serious illness of his wife. Dr. Hop kins is one of the greatest agricul tural authorities in the world. In the Riverside district the party spent four days beginning September ZO; another day around San Bernardino, Highland and Redlands, and a day be tween Rlalto and Los Angeles. They devoted one day to the district of Snnta Paula and spent another in the beet fields between Huntlngton Park and Whlttier. VAMJABIB DATA FOB RANCHERS The scientific investigations of the different conditions of the soil In South ern California will be of great value to the ranchmen qf Southern Califorla. Dr. C. B. Upman, soil bacteriologist of the college of agrlcultur at Berkeley, will make a specialty of discussing bacteriological conditions of the soil. Prof. Norton will discuss citrus cul ture. There will be an exhibit of 801 l ma chinery In the building north of the Chamber of Commerce. The special feature of the exhibition yesterday was the Mould board plow. Today the disc plows will be on ex hibition. Wednesday the disc cultiva tors will be shown and various types of cultivators will be the principal fea ture. Friday seed and fertilizer drills will be shown. This morning at 9:30 o'clock Prof. A. J. Cook will preside. COUNTY'S ASSESSMENT ROLLS TO BE DUPLICATED The board of supervisors granted the requ»»i'. of County Assessor Hopkins yesterday that a duplicate copy be made of the county assessment rolls for the last two years and be kept separate from those in the assessors' office so that the county would not lose the roll In case of fire. The cost of making another copy will be between $700 and $800. An additional copy of the rolls was made two years ago, but the county assessor desires to bring it up to date. The additional clerks re quired to do the copying have been appointed. HALT ACCEPTANCE OF DETENTION HOME PLANS Acceptance of the plans for the build ing of»the county detention home at Yale and Alvarado streets were held up yesterday because'of a difference of opinion between the city and county relative to the size of the lot on which the home is to be built. Sixteen feet on the Tale side and eight feet on the Alpine side of the street are claimed by the city. The board of supervisors desire this much of these streets vacated. Supervisors Pridham, McCabe and Manning were appointed yesterday to meet as a committee the street alley committee of the city council and en deavor to have the vacation made. PASADENA POPULATION INCREASES 232 PER CENT Census Bureau Announces Crown City Has 30,291 Residents WASHINGTON, Oct. B.—Population figures as enumerated by the census bureau were made public tonight, as follows: - Pasadena, Cal., 30,291, an Increase of 21,174, or 232.2 per cent, as compared with 9117 in 1900. . . ! . • "Washington ' (Washington county), Pa., 18,778, compared with 7670 in 1900. i ] State of Delaware 202,322. , This Is an Increase of 17,587, or 9.5 per cent, over 184,733 In 1900, when the twelfth census showed an Increase of 16,242, or 9.6 per cent, during the , previous ten years. San Jose, Cal., 23,946, an Increase of 7446, or 34.6 per cent, over 21,500 in 1900. Chattanooga, Term., 44,604, an In crease of 14,450, or 47.9 per cent, over 30,154 in 1900. Lincoln, Neb., 43,973, an increase of 3804, or 9 5 per cent, over 40,169 In 1900. -. ■, ; »■ > . ... rt'n an «««y to «ecur* a Mi-gam in a tu«4 automobfa. I through . want advertising, , a* It ur-d, to ' tii and i •till la— ••euro • harat and oarrtac*. Dr. F. H. King, Soil Expert Who Spoke at the Convention Yesterday V SB GAME OF WAR IS TAUGHT MILITIA California Guardsmen Given Day of Instruction Under the > Hot Sun \ [Associated Press] CAMP ATASCADERO, Oct. 3.—Un der a sweltering sun the California Na tional Guard got their first day of in struction on the flat In the morning, and In clambering over the hills In the afternoon. It was hard work, and the man who fails to ■ bleep tonight must have an uneasy conscience. %'/4 The Infantry regiments drilled In bat talions in close order in the morning and were given - simple problems In concentration and outpost duties In the ' afternoon. At least one battalion be came lost in marching through the chapparal to concentrate at a point near Myers, ■ and their brethren are merry tonight ■ therefore. That more were not lost is an evidence that the officers know how to read maps and march by them, as the country in this vicinity Is very thickly wooded and rugged. . ■ The National Guard signal companies were present through two instruction periods by Lleuts. Beck and Prosser, while Major J. A. Gaston, assisted by Lieut. Clarence Liinlnger, gave .the three cavalry troops , practical instruc tion in patrol, reconnaissance and mes senger work. The test ride was concluded today without a single officer being found deficient in stamina. ' The Eighth and Thirtieth regular In. fantry were sent out this morning to solve the old problem of brushing aside an inferior mounted force without being delayed. ■• This is one of the most valuable things for a commanding of ficer to know. Many battles have been lost because the superior force allowed itself to be held by a handful of cav alry while the cavalry's infantry sup ports seized the time thereby : gained to intrench. - Infantry regiment* thought them selves pitted against each other today. The result was that the cavalry, in at least one ; case, succeeded in stopping the Infantry and causing It to deploy. CELTIC CLUB TO RESUME ITS MONTHLY MEETINGS The Celtic club of Lob Angeles, after its usual summer recess, will resume its monthly meetings Wednesday, Oc tober 5, with a banquet at Christo pher's, at which the four members of the club who were nominated as Judges will preside. Miss Gavin Craig, Frank Flnlayson, H. H. Rose and Paul Mc- Cormiclc are the judges. Prof. R. F. Roberts, recently of Chi cago, will have charge of an interest ing musical program. The program will consist of songs by R. O. Roberts, one of the leading singers in the Ma sonic fraternity; Fred McPherson, and James P. Bums, with Mrs. George E. Franklin at the piano. Miss May Ruchhoffer, an elocutionist, will alng several recitations. LOS ANGELES HERALD TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 4, 1010. BATTLESHIP DEAD LIST DECREASES Three Sailors Supposed Drowned in New Hampshire Disaster Reported Safe tAssociated Press! NEW YORK, Oct. 3.—Three sailors included In the tentative list of those drowned In the swamping of a barge being towed to the battleship New Hampshire on Saturday night reported safe today. Three others of the "probably drowned" and eight of the missing were heard from. This cuts the list of probable dead to twenty-three, with eight missing—thirty-one in all. Those of the "probably drowned" found safe are J. A. Bonnock of Green Creek, N. J.; T. A. Bonsall, Philadel phia; James Greene, Cleveland, O.; E. W. Seber, Chicago; E. J. Turner, East Liverpool, O.; N. Blight, Roxbury, Mass. The eight from the missing list to be heard from are A. D. Winnell, Boston; E. A. Herbert, Connecticut; L. T. John son, Wilmington, Del.; J. A. Legele, Tacoma; J. E. Van Peer, Paterson, N. J.; J. D. Mahoney, Wilmington, Del.; A. R. Chambers, Worcester, Mass.; G. S. Thompson, Bloomingdale, N. T. Two other drownlngs among sailors of the fleet occurred today. One of the crew of the Kansas, believed to have been Eugene Audit, gave his life in paving a young woman visitor to the battleship. Tonight a sailor cleaning the side of the ship Solace lost his balance and was swept under the vessel by the tide. His name was not learned. Grappling for the lost New Hamp shire men brought no results today. One sailor's body was found, but exam ination showed it to be that of Joseph V. Dudley, a coal passer from the re pair ship Panther. He had been miss ing since September 28. Memorial services for the dead were held on the New Hampshire this after noon. The board Investigating the disaster has not finished its work. BURY RENOWNED MINISTER OF PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH CLEVELAND, Oct. B.—The Rev. Dr. Samuel P. Sprecher, renowned for having brought about the revision of the Presbyterian creed, was burled here today. At the 1900 convention of the Pres byterian church In St. Louis he made a speech that brought the conserva tive section over to the progressive side. j_*.ter, with former president Benjamin Harrison and others he re vised the creed. He died Saturday. COLLISION DAMAGES BHIPS KOBE, Japan, Oct. B.—The American steamer Siberia, from San Francisco September 13, by way of Honolulu for Hongkong, was in collision today with the Tomashima Maru, a Japanese ves sel, and was slightly damaged. The other craft suffered severely. SUPERIOR JUDGE VISITS PRISONS Frank R. Willis Finds Humane Treatment of Convicts Be coming General CRIMINALS TAUGHT TRADES In Colorado Prisoners Work on Roads and Are Given Part of the Earnings That the public Is becoming more rational in its treatment of criminals is the opinion Frank R. Willis, Judge of one of the criminal departments of the Los Angeles county superior court, brought back with him from the east, where he has Just completed a visit of six weeks. He found a general betterment in the treatment of prisoners in the many penitentiaries and reformatories he in spected, and he is firm in the belief that a municipal farm for petty of fenders and a model state reformatory for criminals serving their first terms are greatly to be desired. Among the institutions the Jurist visited were those at Canon City, Colo.; Charlestown, Mass.; Jollet, 111.; Elmira, N. V.; Anamosa, la., and San Quentln, Cal., where he stopped on the way home. "The penitentiary at San Quentin," said Judge Willis, "is about as good as any in the United States, and it is being Improved all the time. The new wing, containing 850 cells, and now un der course of construction, will remedy the defect of having more than one man in a cell. "At Elmira, N. V., the Inmates are being taught useful trades, everL such high-classed occupations as printing and bookbinding. The illiterate prison ers also are being instructed. Many who could neither write nor read when they were sent there a year ago are becoming proficient. LEARNED A TRADE One prisoner there, a Russian, wrote a letter to the warden, saying that he was glad he had been sent there, as he has acquired an education since being incarcerated, and he feels now that when he is liberated he will be come a useful American cHizen. "At Anamosa, lowa, there is a plan for paying the prison/rs for any labor they may perform after regular hours. By that a man can lay aside from $8 to $15 a month and have something to start life upon when he finishes his sentence. "In a Pennsylvania institution, where the same saheme is being used, one man, seat up^r eleven years, and who still haa seventeen months to serve, has a bank account of $140.0. "Public interest in effenders is shown by the improvement in prisons. At Charlestown, Mass., part of the prison is 100 years old., The cells are mere holes In the stone. This is being changed to separate rooms for the men. In the new cells they have electric lights, musical instruments, books, mechanical Instruments, the privilege to arrange the apartment as much like home as possible, and In addition are given good ventilation. PUT ON THEIR HONOR "The men who are accorded the greatest amount of freedom are the ones who are most easily controlled. That is especially true of Canon City, Colo, where the prisoners work on the roads, take pride in their work and are paid 35 cents a day. None try to escape. "It is only right that the prisoners should be given some remuneration for their work, because otherwise when they end their sentences they have only the $5 given them by the prison authorities, together with a cheap suit which is as much a mark of their previous confinement as if they still were clad in striped garments, and a ticket by the cheapest route to the place where they were sentenced. By the new rule the men are able to do as they please when liberated. Why, in some eastern penitentiaries they can pick from four or five grades of cloth ing and have a suit made by some fellow prisoner who is a tailor that cannot be told from the work of any other tailor. "At Cleveland, Ohio, there is a municipal farm which does away with the chain gang. There the men are given the chance to brace up and re tain their self-respect." While away Judge Willis visited his aged mother at Cedar Rapids, lowa, and passed two hours at North Adams, Mass , where he was born and which his parents left while he was a mere babe in arms. Nevertheless, he took interest in a brief inspection of the home of his fathers, the house having been built in 1812 and being the place where both his father and his grand father were born. ARCHITECTURAL CLUB ELECTS NEW OFFICERS Annual Meeting by an Entertainment r The Los Angeles Architectural club held Its annual meeting and election of officers In the Union Trust building last night. F. J. Frauenfelder was elected president, Frank L. Stiff vice president, and Otto Janssen treasurer. One hundred members were present. A smoker and general entertainment followed the election of officers. The club was formed to bring the employers and employes in closer touch with each other. It lias now 150 mem bers. Student clnsses, under compe tent instructors, have been formed, In structing the younger and least experi enced members in the various branches of architectural work. Prominent among these classes is the sketch class," with J. T. Vawter as instructor. Outdoor sketching in lead pencil and water cplors constitutes its work. It was organized August 30 and has grown rapidly in membership. The life class, organized beptembt-r 23, with twenty-six members, under the leadership of A. F. Rosenheim, Is one of the important branches of the club. Prizes are given for best work and at tendance. A steel class will be organ ized this month. The architectural club has an orches tra organised among Its members. CRACKSMEN REAP A RICH HARVEST Burglars Loot Show Windows of Chinese Store and In dian Village LOOT IS VALUED AT $1764 Pass Key Thief Enters 14 Offices in Union Trust Building but Gets Little Two burglaries were reported to the detectives yesterday as having taken place Sunday night. The loot stolen was valued at $1764.50. Also, a report of a pass key thief entering fourteen offices in the Union Trust building at Fourth and Spring streets, was made to the deteceives yesterday. By smashing a large plate glass win dow in the store of the Sing Fat Curio company at 548-550 South Broadway, thieves were enabled to steal Chinese gold and Jade Jewelry valued at $764.50, which was on display in the window. The glass was broken with a heavy instrument which had been padded. That the Job was done by a profes sional is evidenced by the fact that the greater part of the glass foil on the inside of the window and not on the sidewalk. It is believed by those working on the robbery that the persons respon sible for the Sing Fat robbery are those who smashed the window at the Donovan-Seamans Jewelry store at Third and Spring streets a few weeks ago escaping with loot valued at $600. The Indian Village display windows, located near Eastlake park, were broken Into in the same manner as that of the Sing Fat establishment, and $1000 worth of Navajo rugs and blankets. Indian bracelets and curios stolen. The theft was reported to the detective bureau yesterday by Antonio Apache, manager of the village. Only the best Navajo rugs In the stock were stolen From a close Investigation of the grounds it appears that the rob bers carted away their loot in a wagon. Fourteen offices in the Union Trust building were entered by a pass key thief during Saturday night and Sun day morning, but nothing of great value was stolen. The offices entered were located on the sixth and seventh floors nf the building. The desks in the offices were pried open with a Jimmy but nothing except stamps and a small bit of change were secured out of the fourteen offices. The matter was reported tonhe detectives yester day by A. S. Jones, manager of the building. ADVOCATES AEROPLANES FOR DEFENSE OF COAST Gen. Miles Says Aviation Impor tant Factor in Warfare DENVER, Oct. 3.—"The aeroplane eventually will be a means of coast defense," said Gen. Nelson A. Miles, who arrived here yesterday. . "Aeroplanes can be built by tne score for what one battleship costs,' he continued. 'Their use would cur tall greatly the expense of building coast defense vessels. When aero planes can fly 100 miles out to sea ana drop explosives over hostile fl' ets, these fleets will be cautious about at tacking a coast. And this condition will come. "Already any nation which goes to war must reckon with the aeroplane. They would be extremely advanta geous in reconnoiterins, at.d when up 7000 feet would be practically immune from injury by rifle shots." EUROPEAN AVIATION MEETS LOSE PROMOTERS' MONEY WASHINGTON, Oct. 3.—The prin cipal British and continental avUtion meetings this year resulted in financial losses to their promoters aggregating $337,000, according .to a report to this government by Consul eneral W. J. McClunn of Glasgow, Scotland. The losses were distributed among aviation meetings as follows: Lanark, $40,000; Bournemouth, $50, --0- Black Pool, $75,000; Kheims, $100, --0«0; and Nice, $110,000. At the Lanark meet upwards of 200,- COO persons paid admission. Most of the big air men lost money at the meeting, and the only results of value in the recent flights in return for the expense was the popular interest aroused in the science. THREE MEN IN BALLOON FEAR DROWNING IN BAY OAKLAND, Oct. 3.—Their ballast exhausted, three men in the balloon Diamond, which ascended here yes terday, drifted over the bay at the mercy of adverse wind currents. The huge bag finally was carried toward Hunter's Point, and descended in * marsh. Capt. Van Tassell, its skippm-, was thrown out by the impact in land ing, but escaped injury. HEBREWS WILL CELEBRATE JEWISH NEW YEAR 5671 NEW YORK, Oct. 3.—The advent of the Jewish new year, 5671 in the He braic calendar, will be celebrated at sunset this evening and tomorrow by special services in all the temples of this reformed Jews at the synagoguo of the orthodox throughout the world. The festival is known as Kosh-ha sho-Nah, the beginning of the civil year. With the single exception of Yom Kippur, or the day of atonement, which follows nuickly upon it, the fes tival is more generally observed than many of the other fetes in the Hebrew calendar. During the celebration of Rosn-ha sho-Nah, no work or business is done 'by the observing Jew. Penitence, char ity and prayer are the essential fea tures of the celebration. The services at the temples and synagogues are solemn and Impressive, and are gen erally well atten ' 10 Cases of Flan- 50 Pc- Cottage f r; 0 nelette 10c Yd. Set Dishes 1— —Today—to introduce the —Blue willow, blue Copen big variety of other good hagcn, blue Cattle and Vase flannels that are here and Scenery. Splendid Force ready for you to choose lain dishes to select from, from. —A special feature, Fifth —Pink, light blue, cream floor, $5.50. white, light gray and dark so . piece Sets Austrian gry 1..1 -, i ♦ in China at $7.75 -Today, while it lasts-lOc _. dpcoratlons The set Includes a yard. Bread and Butter Plates, not Velour Flannel* ISc—Soft, fluffy, <Jeop butter chips. rich shades that run like a wave _ of tho sea into the very deaths of The Indian Tree ; color and beauty. t» _ _*:.».« en r\/* 41 K ftfl Outlnp Flannels y lOc-Double faced Decoration— $15.00 stripes and checks, gray, blue and —Silicon Chlna--72-plece, $19.25; brown. 100-piece, $28.50. . The famoUß Teazledown Flannel Reversible. ripporatlon 28 inches wide—stripes and checks. uw,ui«uuu. "■WET 1 lv/*"- In "olld color-re " M 6re Enamel ware Canton Flannel 10c—Bleached and un- £y I _^__ bleached, fine weave. ■ • - _, - Embroidered Flannel* *1—32 inches UpoHir I nf!?lV wide, all wool, pure white, scalloped IVCCIVJ^y I \J\mj and hemstitched. . . i ——^—^ Flannel Slilrtlngs 20c—32 inches wide, TL^ -___,* I-,*- 3 t OK C fine stripes and checks, white twill ThOSe great IOtS at pounds. 50 c and 75c have been aug- Flannel sblrtintr 75e— Pure wool. A fine """ -, , , , i , ° weave _32 inches wide—very dainty mented and added to. colorings and patterns. 76c yard. —It's, a fine opportunity to buy 33 inch White Flannel 48c—ah wool— kitchen utensils and save. and the Ballardvale weave-great vah£ ip erfect whlte and blue and Embro'u dnTs enroled tn^rs^! ' white enamelware. Hundred, of over patterns. pieces 'way under worth—2sc. 60c, 75c. perrin Gloves pird Cages for Fall Wear A F ea ture —Most perfect fitting, most *— " _ On the 6th floor. comfortable, most durable— X -japanned. |U» because of the extreme care \m*^ *° *-75* used in making them— tgmWtfm; Sj' -Brass, $1.75 to —Perrln's Suede Chevrette Gloves $2.25— j 'IT IE ill [1 fi S3 00. Two larsre pearl clasps. I TT TT 11 IB —Ferrln'a 12-button French Kid Glove* J--H--- .IIL . rl —Breeding Cafes, • $3.50—F0r % length sleeves. Black, t . "'''Ml 13 and $3.60. white, champagne, tan and gray. nTHm 111 lift —"Don't merely wear Gloves Wear Per- j JrWlfsffiKSSffl* —Round Parrot rin Gloves." JmllßmmST- $3.25 and New Street Car —— — *— 1 72 BisseU's ( (£1 HC Go-CartS at $1.75 Carpet SweepersCpl. / J ' —They should go as fast as -the light folding kind- ™, v camr n Bis comfortable, Strong, easy sell's sweepers—the time and rnrminsr and so handy -^ strength they save. - Clean -*£«"?. in C°rts. %s^wn h sweeps Bissell's sweepers, rubber tires and wicker sides. Others J1.70. -y\ »4.95 and $5.95. I Do You Want a Sunken Garden? Do You W^nt a Hill-Side Site? You can get % contours, most fertile soil, and other advantages that will make the finest gar dens in the county at Verdugo Canyon. Beauti ful view, salubrious climate, finest natural parks in Southern California. Landscape engineers and artists will say Verdugo Canyon is the place for you. 35 minutes to city by electric line. Large vil|a lots, low prices and easy terms. You have only to see this property to say it is the most charming place. T_ ~ A DIDTT 17 *co nl°" Trait Bide. JnO. A. I K 1 LiCj Tel. F6813. A ACCIDENTS */m H»\ happen constantly. We cannot foresee them / T^lli: \ or eliminate the possibility of them. But / >^2^^ \ we can guard loved ones against want while / ■fKiljf \we are suffering from an accident's effects. / BLwSisfiP \ Start today with asl deposit. ; Merchants Bank and Trust Co. 207-9-11 SOUTH BROADWAY CHAMPIONS OF PURITY COMING ON REFORM TOUR Twenty Federation Members Will Visit Cities in West A party of twenty under the aus pices of the American Purity federa tion started from Chicago September 29 on a tour of reform through the United States and Canada. The ob ject Is stated by B. S. Steadwell, presi dent of the federation, as follows: "First to bring to those persons and organizations throughout the territory to be visited, who are battling so fearlessly and nobly in the fight against white slavery and the great evils in their hight and for a better standard of morality, the help which can only come from conference and personal touch with the American leaders in those national movements." Following is the provisional Itinerary of the white slave and vice crusaders: October 3; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Oc tober 4: Reglna, Saskatchewan; Octo ber 5: Calgary, Alberta; October 7: Vancouver, B. C; October 8: Spokane, Wash.; October 9-10: Seattle, Wash.; October 11-12: Portland, Ore.; October 13-15: San Francisco; October 16: San Jose, Cal.; October 18-19: Los Angeles; October 20: Tucson, riz.; October 21: El Paso, Tex.; October 23-24: Houston. Tex- October 26-27: New Orleans; Oc tober 28: Memphis, Term.: October 29: St. Louts, Mo.;. October 30: arrive In Chicago. Editorial Section POSTOFFICE REPORT SHOWS BIG INCREASE Sale of Stamps Last Month To taled $113,352, a Gain of About 13 PerCent The monthly report of the postofflce department in Los Angeles shows that $113,352.10 was received from the sale of postage stamps during September against $100,507.69 in the same month lust year, showing a net increase of $12,844.41 or 12.77 per cent. The number of pieces of mail reach ing Los Angeles during September cither misdirected or not addressed to street and number, all of which were searched through the postofnce, rity, and the Home and Pacific Telephone directories, Is 510,386. Of this mail, 70, --072 pieces were sent to the correct ad dresses or forwarded to points outside of the city. The correct addresses found and de livered by city letter carriers were 161, --641. The number of pieces sent to gen eral delivery to await call were 278, --653. The number of average pieces searched through the daily directory were 17.105. The number of callers at the general delivery window, exclusive of Sundays, were 161,478, with a dally average of 6203. Twenty-nix hundred thousand rive hundred and forty threi' changes of addresses were riled with the postofnce during September witU a dally average of 811.