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jjj S . jj^jST'^B^k VMHiflv^BL^k-^ff^^^M^^Mß^^^^^^^jV/^B^BI^K ' Bis ss S p*^***^^ £ v Bl #■ BjS^B BBb g^>g .^^t^^W I.^^^^^^HHtf^£-^H AM^Bi kBI Ev BBBf BABI ■*■ EBfB fl Bl ■ 1 Bl 1 ~^^U THE HOME GARDEN GARDENING IN BACK YARD Many persona h«ve tried growln? a variety cf expensive pi. nils In tht> home garden and wlndo v ga den and have, owing ti> various difficulties, met with failure, which is. of eours -, very dlacquraglng. I always try to en courage readers in their work. I point out tho pleasures and po nts of s c cess and show my friends the little matters that, unless unieretood, will make such difficulties as «i 1 previ nt success. One of the greatest d'ff CU'tlea In growing house plants is the fact that too many are trying to g:ow sime thing that is considered rare, or which florists brag up and sell at a high price. My plan is to avoid difficult ies of this character by pur hasing the growing- plants easily managed and that will give results in floral effect. One of the great difficulties met with in window gardening is the little in sect known as the ap'ii-. It finds the plants even in a ten or twenty-story building, and unless it is eradicated it will so disease the plant as to caSe it to become weak, and In tlm ■ will kill it unless removed. Pome persona can remove these with tobacco smoke, but I have found the better plan is to strew bits of tobrie >o or tobacco stems about the soil in the pots. The insect cannot exist where it 1- kept in the earth. If persons desire they can sleet and grow plants in the home that are not apt to be attacked by in ect pets. Of course, when a plant is grown Indi ors it does not have the svre opportunity to become infested w'th inserts as those that are raised out of doors. City-grown plants are often free from certain insect enem'es, although I have seen some city gardens eaten up with a host of insects that originated in some manner. As vegetation was scarce in town, they devoured all with in their reach, and when they found a flower or vegetable garden it was not long unt 1 they rained it. There are quite a number of pants that seem to be insect proof. Some of these are excellent house pants, and if grown and eared for as th y should be they will give handsome re turns. One of these which T have found is r most desirable plant for the w'ndow garden for a number of reasons. Tt is the primula s'nens's. Tt is a plant with a beautiful shape, b.arng mrst exquisite foliage and a great profusion of loyely flowers. It is easllv grown and is free from disease and insect pests. Tt rmkes a win low look very attractive and no co'lectlon Is com plete without it. The plant will grow in a little cooler place than some others, but ene of the strongest points in its f>v r is the fact that it will grow and 11 om profusely in a north or west w nd' w Tt often does fine with iut a particle of sunlight. On this account it is very valuable to many who happ n to have northern and western expos ires. The plants can le gr wn from ac d. which can be sown in summer in i partially shaded pla^e. where the si i' is rich and free from clay and pro vided with an in lor d-ana^o and fie earth kept moist, bvit not wet. I fnd many persons starting pants from se->d who keep their seed beds t^o wet. THE FARM DOCTOR Did you ever hear of a farm doc tor? He numbers among his patents ( rippled trees, si kly pants, soils suf fering from malnutrition, pi n' alescent catt'e and Invalid shr bs and bushes. There is a farm doctor In New Yok city, where apir'ment houses br pr morn to the acre than cab! age po tatoes and poultry, but New To k's farm doctor finds plenty of pr ifes ion ;tl work always awaiting him. Many of his "calls" are from newly lulred farmlands in the west anil south.vrst. He Is C. H. Yate-. a graduate of Vale, and he resides at 103 Park ave nue. "Foil and vegftat'on lave all nie-'ti calling 1 for a do tor's care just LOS ANGELES HERALD SUNDAY MAGAZINE like people," said Mr Vat. s "a d I go about my work v ry much as an 0 I'ina-y phvsi lan foes. In th ■ case of new 1 mil which has never teen tanned T first look o cr the land an I find out what kind of farming the OW or wants to do T d cor the land so that it will grow me particular product to the beat ndvintage Firms hays lo be vis ted every week Pt firs' during obs?rvntion, 1 stock the fa ms with cattle as the owner dcs res, or such pa w 11 thrive lest in that par t clar locality. "Many who are Inverting in farm lands have a mistaken IVi fiat all s.iil w 11 grow th • sam - prod •<• s a d that cattle will thrive eoua'ly well everywhere. As an illustration, let ma m si tio'i tw i farms I am now i»c etnr- Ing. One of forty a. re- :s owne 1 ry a. nun who is interes'ed :n hunt rs. H' needs a grazing grou-d. well < ovo e<l with clover and timothy. Ho m st have a spring or br ok mnn'nr through his pa t res. He m st lave a certain amount of s' a 'c mi hi- pas tures. He m'st gr iw fod 'er, Bid he must hive fenc s for the training of hunters The oth r 'a in is to 1 c de voted to dary products. Here the land will be feited differe tly The fo'de ■ ciown will be of a differe it variety. T'-e b ildmgs wi'l be a range 1 in a way far different to that fo ■ th ■ h rse fa-m In dary farmir er everyt-ng must be so orlered that the rtmo t eei> li"oss will prey i! at a'l times Farm hands and fo em n hive to be instructel in the ca o o' to soil, cat tle and vegetation lust as ho-n Ital mir-es have to endergo pp?cl"1 ln strui tion beVre they a c qual'fl cl to 1 s Ist in car'ng f' r | atients !n a lus- P tal. PANORAMA OF CORNFIELDS One great panorama of cornfields from Cairo to Ohioigo is the picture of Illinois. Here and there are grain fields and far-reaching pastures, a lit tle scorched, to relieve the miles and miles of corn expanse. It is unneces sary to look up statistics to know that Illinois is tho great corn state. Direct 1y under the cornfields. In many in stances, are great mines of bituminous coal, which represents one great source of wealth from Illinois farm lands — for the farmer's reed carries a title clear through to China. The Intense hot weather In Springfield, the old home of Lincoln, was bring bravely endured because it was "great corn weather." The plin for a waterway from Chicago to the Mississippi Is a project in which the farmers of the state seem keenly Interested, because of the advantages in transporting products southward o n tho Mississippi to the markets of the world.—National Magazine. ♦ » » OREGON APPLES One can never think of Oregon with out recalling the Hood rJver apples. The now near district at Modford and other fruit districts indicate what will follow with the removal of timher tracts. More small farms have been opened the pist year than ever before, and the younsr farmers* are made wel come. The mild climate of the state has attracted many thousands of new settlors, and there Is never fear of drought—ln winter time, at least when the winter mists begin to fall and the roses begin to bloom in the gardens. — National Magazine. A PRETTY FREAK OF NATURE A strange plant combination was re i ently flowering in an Kn^lish Enrden, says a writer in the. October Strand. This was foxerioye In bloom, with one Canterbury bell In perfect erowtli at the top of the stem. The flowers of the foxarlove were cream, while the Canter bury boll was deep mauve. The bo tanist of the local Technical Institute says tint "it is a freak of nature, and worth taking special note of." Tt is the more strange as tho flowers belong to different families. FOR FARM EQUIPMENT The successful management of a modem farm depends largely upon the efficiency of the equipment with which thc> work is performed. Tn addition to the outfit of tools obtainable from a hardware dealer, there are a number of special devices that may he made mi the farm and that will prove of great assistance in general repair work. A work bench of some kind will probably be the first essential. For tin' construction of a work bench there will be needed four boards seven eighths inch thick, twelve to fourteen inches wide and about twelve feet in length, The length of the bench, how ever, will depend upon the size of the shop or other space that may be avail able for use as a workroom. Two pieces of 2x4-lnch scantling, each six teen feet long, will be sufficient to construct the framework of the bench. All lumber entering Into the construc tion of the work hencli should be thor oughly seasoned and dressed to uni form width and thickness. A clamp for holding materials should he constructed from a piece of hard wood and attached by the aid of n carpenter's bench screw. This clamp should be provided with notches or pin holes at the lower end so that it can be set to hold materials of any thick ness. Along the front of the bench two or three holes should be provided, into which pins may be set for sup porting boards or other materials that are too long to be held rigid by the clamp alone. A "Stop" for holding materials that are to be planed can be Inserted in the top of the bench, near the left hand end. If a regular stop Is not employed its place may be taken by a smnll piece of notched board nailed mi top of the bench. A pair of trestles or sawhorsos. each consisting of i> piece of 2 by 4 Inch or 2 by c, inch'timber, about four feet in length, supported upon four legs, are very convenient for working upon while marking, sawing, boring or chiseling The sawhorscs are an accessory to the workbench and should be constructed at the same time. The cost of the ma terials with which to construct both the workbench and snwhorses should not exceed *!>. Among the accessories to the workbench there Is no device that will trive creator satisfaction than a good miter box. to be used for saw ing small wood materials either square or at an nnele. For the construction of a miter box three pieces of board one inch thick, six Inches wide and throe foot In length should be selected and nailed together in the form of a srmaro trough, taking rare that the nails are driven well out toward the edge of the boards. Vertical ruts are Rawed through the sides to the bottom board to e-ulde the saw when the box Is In use. Near one end a cut Is made at the right angles with the length of the box to be used In making square puts. For making bevel cuts for a rltrht an gled miter joint the sides of the box should be sawed down on oblique lines running at an angle of forty-five de grees with the lentrth of the box. For the benefit of those who contem plate the purchase of tools for use on the farm the following combinations are suggested: For a two dollar and fifty cent out fit —a hatchet, a handsaw, a small square, a screwdriver and a pair of pliers. For a ten dollars outfit—a hatchet, a hand ax. a twenty-six Inch handsaw, a twenty-four Inch' steel square, a draw ing knife, a brace and six bits one quarter, three-eighths, one-half, flve elphths. three-quarter and one inch), a pair of pliers, a screwdriver, a cold chisel, a twelve Inch fiat file, a monkey f*\ Tour having a well kept yard Increases the value of ■ t*C±£Hf\ your property—lmproves the neighborhood. ■ VII CCII BROWN'S COMPLETE FERTILIZERS T will help beautify your home place. Try them. L3WIIS WM- H- BROWN FERTILIZER CO. --"** T T *-wr Main 7652, Home 62998. 1333 Glrard St., Log Angeles. OCTOBER 16, 1910. wrench, a jack piano, two chisels (one half and one Inch), a rivet punch, n riveting hammer, a leather punch and a small oil can. Other outfits, according to the artl clea desired, can be had for from $20 to $26. INVESTMENT IN TREES The planting and care of forest trees have been carried on for several years now by State Forester A. P. Hawes of Connecticut, with interesting results. Mr. Hawes' experience, boiled down to a few lines, Indicates that for samly, cheap lands, such as were used for most of the experiments, the best trees are pines—white Scotch, Norway and pitch. It appears that in the long run white pine is the best, the trees being cheaper and the growth through a term of years being equal to any and the lumber of good market value. The Norway pine is also considered very satisfactory, although the trees cost more at the outset. The Scotch pine Is a very rapid grower and will do well for planting In open spaces, white pines requiring some shade of bushes or brush to do its best at the start. Two-yenr-old trees are most satlis factory. The young pines can he bought for about $3 a thousand, and nt five or six feet apart are sot 1500 to the acre. In fairly open land the cost of planting was $1.70 a thousand, with higher cost in rough or hushy ground. Examina tion of a numhor of old plantations of white pine in the state Indicates that with cheap lands and low cost planting the pine would prove profitable as a crop, paying at least 5 per cent com pound Interest at present prices of lumber, with every probability that prices will be higher by the time plant- Ings now made are ready for market. Attention Is called to the very rapid way in which the investment increases by compound interest and taxes. It is plainly unfair that the lumber crop should he taxed over and over again during growth, the tax gradually eat ing up the profit from the plantation. Tt would seem that every state would see the advantage of encouraging husi ness tree planting by abating the tax on past growth and taxing only the an nual increase. An original investment of $5 an acre for land and $12 for plant ing, compound Interest and taxes, in Connecticut amounts to $75 by the thir teenth year and to $6fiO In seventy years. The present value of old planti tions indicates that the growth of pine lumber would pay for the investment and Interest if original cost were kept as low as possible. The amount of lumber In one planting 70 years old showed that the annual growth had been around 1000 feet, indicating a yearly average income of $6 an acre for seventy years. Such figures indicate that forestry Is a very good business investment for the state as well as be ing desirable for other reasons. RAISING CORN WITH WEEDS The old-time average of 18.000,000 bushels of rom last year has during the past ton years. Jumped to ahout 50, --000,000 bushels for 1910 in South Caor llna. For generations the only crop raised was cotton; now corn Is the thing. Hern it was that an lowa farm er came down and raised corn on a new plan. Woods were allowed to grow with the crop until It was a foot and a half high, then the weeds were de stroyed and fertilizer applied after the corn was well under way. With a stunted stalk the fertilizer forced the yield into the ear. The weeds did not choke out the corn; the experiment was a success, and seems to mark a new departure In corn cultivation.—Na tional Magazine.