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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, October 16, 1910, Image 60

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1910-10-16/ed-1/seq-60/

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Many persona h«ve tried growln? a
variety cf expensive pi. nils In tht>
home garden and wlndo v ga den and
have, owing ti> various difficulties, met
with failure, which is. of eours -, very
dlacquraglng. I always try to en
courage readers in their work. I point
out tho pleasures and po nts of s c
cess and show my friends the little
matters that, unless unieretood, will
make such difficulties as «i 1 previ nt
One of the greatest d'ff CU'tlea In
growing house plants is the fact that
too many are trying to g:ow sime
thing that is considered rare, or which
florists brag up and sell at a high price.
My plan is to avoid difficult ies of
this character by pur hasing the
growing- plants easily managed and
that will give results in floral effect.
One of the great difficulties met with
in window gardening is the little in
sect known as the ap'ii-. It finds the
plants even in a ten or twenty-story
building, and unless it is eradicated
it will so disease the plant as to caSe
it to become weak, and In tlm ■ will
kill it unless removed. Pome persona
can remove these with tobacco smoke,
but I have found the better plan is
to strew bits of tobrie >o or tobacco
stems about the soil in the pots. The
insect cannot exist where it 1- kept
in the earth.
If persons desire they can sleet and
grow plants in the home that are not
apt to be attacked by in ect pets. Of
course, when a plant is grown Indi ors
it does not have the svre opportunity
to become infested w'th inserts as
those that are raised out of doors.
City-grown plants are often free from
certain insect enem'es, although I
have seen some city gardens eaten up
with a host of insects that originated
in some manner. As vegetation was
scarce in town, they devoured all with
in their reach, and when they found
a flower or vegetable garden it was
not long unt 1 they rained it.
There are quite a number of pants
that seem to be insect proof. Some
of these are excellent house pants,
and if grown and eared for as th y
should be they will give handsome re
One of these which T have found is
r most desirable plant for the w'ndow
garden for a number of reasons. Tt
is the primula s'nens's. Tt is a plant
with a beautiful shape, b.arng mrst
exquisite foliage and a great profusion
of loyely flowers. It is easllv grown
and is free from disease and insect
pests. Tt rmkes a win low look very
attractive and no co'lectlon Is com
plete without it.
The plant will grow in a little
cooler place than some others, but ene
of the strongest points in its f>v r is
the fact that it will grow and 11 om
profusely in a north or west w nd' w
Tt often does fine with iut a particle
of sunlight. On this account it is very
valuable to many who happ n to have
northern and western expos ires.
The plants can le gr wn from ac d.
which can be sown in summer in i
partially shaded pla^e. where the si i'
is rich and free from clay and pro
vided with an in lor d-ana^o and fie
earth kept moist, bvit not wet. I fnd
many persons starting pants from se->d
who keep their seed beds t^o wet.
Did you ever hear of a farm doc
tor? He numbers among his patents
( rippled trees, si kly pants, soils suf
fering from malnutrition, pi n' alescent
catt'e and Invalid shr bs and bushes.
There is a farm doctor In New Yok
city, where apir'ment houses br pr
morn to the acre than cab! age po
tatoes and poultry, but New To k's
farm doctor finds plenty of pr ifes ion
;tl work always awaiting him. Many
of his "calls" are from newly lulred
farmlands in the west anil south.vrst.
He Is C. H. Yate-. a graduate of
Vale, and he resides at 103 Park ave
nue. "Foil and vegftat'on lave all
nie-'ti calling 1 for a do tor's care just
like people," said Mr Vat. s "a d I
go about my work v ry much as an
0 I'ina-y phvsi lan foes. In th ■ case
of new 1 mil which has never teen
tanned T first look o cr the land an I
find out what kind of farming the
OW or wants to do T d cor the land
so that it will grow me particular
product to the beat ndvintage Firms
hays lo be vis ted every week Pt firs'
during obs?rvntion, 1 stock the fa ms
with cattle as the owner dcs res, or
such pa w 11 thrive lest in that par
t clar locality.
"Many who are Inverting in farm
lands have a mistaken IVi fiat all
s.iil w 11 grow th • sam - prod •<• s a d
that cattle will thrive eoua'ly well
everywhere. As an illustration, let ma
m si tio'i tw i farms I am now i»c etnr-
Ing. One of forty a. re- :s owne 1 ry a.
nun who is interes'ed :n hunt rs. H'
needs a grazing grou-d. well < ovo e<l
with clover and timothy. Ho m st
have a spring or br ok mnn'nr
through his pa t res. He m st lave
a certain amount of s' a 'c mi hi- pas
tures. He m'st gr iw fod 'er, Bid he
must hive fenc s for the training of
hunters The oth r 'a in is to 1 c de
voted to dary products. Here the land
will be feited differe tly The fo'de ■
ciown will be of a differe it variety.
T'-e b ildmgs wi'l be a range 1 in a
way far different to that fo ■ th ■ h rse
fa-m In dary farmir er everyt-ng
must be so orlered that the rtmo t
eei> li"oss will prey i! at a'l times
Farm hands and fo em n hive to be
instructel in the ca o o' to soil, cat
tle and vegetation lust as ho-n Ital
mir-es have to endergo pp?cl"1 ln
strui tion beVre they a c qual'fl cl to
1 s Ist in car'ng f' r | atients !n a lus-
P tal.
One great panorama of cornfields
from Cairo to Ohioigo is the picture of
Illinois. Here and there are grain
fields and far-reaching pastures, a lit
tle scorched, to relieve the miles and
miles of corn expanse. It is unneces
sary to look up statistics to know that
Illinois is tho great corn state. Direct
1y under the cornfields. In many in
stances, are great mines of bituminous
coal, which represents one great source
of wealth from Illinois farm lands —
for the farmer's reed carries a title
clear through to China. The Intense
hot weather In Springfield, the old
home of Lincoln, was bring bravely
endured because it was "great corn
weather." The plin for a waterway
from Chicago to the Mississippi Is a
project in which the farmers of the
state seem keenly Interested, because
of the advantages in transporting
products southward o n tho Mississippi
to the markets of the world.—National
♦ » »
One can never think of Oregon with
out recalling the Hood rJver apples. The
now near district at Modford and other
fruit districts indicate what will follow
with the removal of timher
tracts. More small farms have been
opened the pist year than ever before,
and the younsr farmers* are made wel
come. The mild climate of the state
has attracted many thousands of new
settlors, and there Is never fear of
drought—ln winter time, at least when
the winter mists begin to fall and the
roses begin to bloom in the gardens. —
National Magazine.
A strange plant combination was re
i ently flowering in an Kn^lish Enrden,
says a writer in the. October Strand.
This was foxerioye In bloom, with one
Canterbury bell In perfect erowtli at
the top of the stem. The flowers of the
foxarlove were cream, while the Canter
bury boll was deep mauve. The bo
tanist of the local Technical Institute
says tint "it is a freak of nature, and
worth taking special note of." Tt is the
more strange as tho flowers belong to
different families.
The successful management of a
modem farm depends largely upon the
efficiency of the equipment with which
thc> work is performed. Tn addition to
the outfit of tools obtainable from a
hardware dealer, there are a number
of special devices that may he made
mi the farm and that will prove of
great assistance in general repair
work. A work bench of some kind will
probably be the first essential. For
tin' construction of a work bench there
will be needed four boards seven
eighths inch thick, twelve to fourteen
inches wide and about twelve feet in
length, The length of the bench, how
ever, will depend upon the size of the
shop or other space that may be avail
able for use as a workroom. Two
pieces of 2x4-lnch scantling, each six
teen feet long, will be sufficient to
construct the framework of the bench.
All lumber entering Into the construc
tion of the work hencli should be thor
oughly seasoned and dressed to uni
form width and thickness.
A clamp for holding materials should
he constructed from a piece of hard
wood and attached by the aid of n
carpenter's bench screw. This clamp
should be provided with notches or pin
holes at the lower end so that it can
be set to hold materials of any thick
ness. Along the front of the bench
two or three holes should be provided,
into which pins may be set for sup
porting boards or other materials that
are too long to be held rigid by the
clamp alone.
A "Stop" for holding materials that
are to be planed can be Inserted in
the top of the bench, near the left
hand end. If a regular stop Is not
employed its place may be taken by a
smnll piece of notched board nailed mi
top of the bench.
A pair of trestles or sawhorsos. each
consisting of i> piece of 2 by 4 Inch or 2
by c, inch'timber, about four feet in
length, supported upon four legs, are
very convenient for working upon while
marking, sawing, boring or chiseling
The sawhorscs are an accessory to the
workbench and should be constructed
at the same time. The cost of the ma
terials with which to construct both
the workbench and snwhorses should
not exceed *!>. Among the accessories
to the workbench there Is no device
that will trive creator satisfaction than
a good miter box. to be used for saw
ing small wood materials either square
or at an nnele. For the construction
of a miter box three pieces of board
one inch thick, six Inches wide and
throe foot In length should be selected
and nailed together in the form of a
srmaro trough, taking rare that the
nails are driven well out toward the
edge of the boards. Vertical ruts are
Rawed through the sides to the bottom
board to e-ulde the saw when the box Is
In use. Near one end a cut Is made at
the right angles with the length of the
box to be used In making square puts.
For making bevel cuts for a rltrht an
gled miter joint the sides of the box
should be sawed down on oblique lines
running at an angle of forty-five de
grees with the lentrth of the box.
For the benefit of those who contem
plate the purchase of tools for use on
the farm the following combinations
are suggested:
For a two dollar and fifty cent out
fit —a hatchet, a handsaw, a small
square, a screwdriver and a pair of
For a ten dollars outfit—a hatchet, a
hand ax. a twenty-six Inch handsaw, a
twenty-four Inch' steel square, a draw
ing knife, a brace and six bits one
quarter, three-eighths, one-half, flve
elphths. three-quarter and one inch), a
pair of pliers, a screwdriver, a cold
chisel, a twelve Inch fiat file, a monkey
f*\ Tour having a well kept yard Increases the value of
■ t*C±£Hf\ your property—lmproves the neighborhood. ■
T will help beautify your home place. Try them.
--"** T T *-wr Main 7652, Home 62998. 1333 Glrard St., Log Angeles.
OCTOBER 16, 1910.
wrench, a jack piano, two chisels (one
half and one Inch), a rivet punch, n
riveting hammer, a leather punch and
a small oil can.
Other outfits, according to the artl
clea desired, can be had for from $20
to $26.
The planting and care of forest trees
have been carried on for several years
now by State Forester A. P. Hawes of
Connecticut, with interesting results.
Mr. Hawes' experience, boiled down to
a few lines, Indicates that for samly,
cheap lands, such as were used for
most of the experiments, the best trees
are pines—white Scotch, Norway and
pitch. It appears that in the long run
white pine is the best, the trees being
cheaper and the growth through a
term of years being equal to any and
the lumber of good market value. The
Norway pine is also considered very
satisfactory, although the trees cost
more at the outset. The Scotch pine Is
a very rapid grower and will do well
for planting In open spaces, white
pines requiring some shade of bushes
or brush to do its best at the start.
Two-yenr-old trees are most satlis
The young pines can he bought for
about $3 a thousand, and nt five or six
feet apart are sot 1500 to the acre. In
fairly open land the cost of planting
was $1.70 a thousand, with higher cost
in rough or hushy ground. Examina
tion of a numhor of old plantations of
white pine in the state Indicates that
with cheap lands and low cost planting
the pine would prove profitable as a
crop, paying at least 5 per cent com
pound Interest at present prices of
lumber, with every probability that
prices will be higher by the time plant-
Ings now made are ready for market.
Attention Is called to the very rapid
way in which the investment increases
by compound interest and taxes. It is
plainly unfair that the lumber crop
should he taxed over and over again
during growth, the tax gradually eat
ing up the profit from the plantation.
Tt would seem that every state would
see the advantage of encouraging husi
ness tree planting by abating the tax
on past growth and taxing only the an
nual increase. An original investment
of $5 an acre for land and $12 for plant
ing, compound Interest and taxes, in
Connecticut amounts to $75 by the thir
teenth year and to $6fiO In seventy
years. The present value of old planti
tions indicates that the growth of pine
lumber would pay for the investment
and Interest if original cost were kept
as low as possible. The amount of
lumber In one planting 70 years old
showed that the annual growth had
been around 1000 feet, indicating a
yearly average income of $6 an acre for
seventy years. Such figures indicate
that forestry Is a very good business
investment for the state as well as be
ing desirable for other reasons.
The old-time average of 18.000,000
bushels of rom last year has during
the past ton years. Jumped to ahout 50,
--000,000 bushels for 1910 in South Caor
llna. For generations the only crop
raised was cotton; now corn Is the
thing. Hern it was that an lowa farm
er came down and raised corn on a new
plan. Woods were allowed to grow
with the crop until It was a foot and a
half high, then the weeds were de
stroyed and fertilizer applied after the
corn was well under way. With a
stunted stalk the fertilizer forced the
yield into the ear. The weeds did not
choke out the corn; the experiment
was a success, and seems to mark a
new departure In corn cultivation.—Na
tional Magazine.

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